“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in St. Mary’s County, Maryland

Clickable Map of St. Mary's County, Maryland and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> St. Mary s County, MD (297) Calvert County, MD (153) Charles County, MD (150) Dorchester County, MD (148) Somerset County, MD (37) Northumberland County, VA (43) Westmoreland County, VA (103)  St.Mary'sCounty(297) St. Mary's County (297)  CalvertCounty(153) Calvert County (153)  CharlesCounty(150) Charles County (150)  DorchesterCounty(148) Dorchester County (148)  SomersetCounty(37) Somerset County (37)  NorthumberlandCountyVirginia(43) Northumberland County (43)  WestmorelandCounty(103) Westmoreland County (103)
Leonardtown is the county seat for St. Mary's County
Adjacent to St. Mary's County, Maryland
      Calvert County (153)  
      Charles County (150)  
      Dorchester County (148)  
      Somerset County (37)  
      Northumberland County, Virginia (43)  
      Westmoreland County, Virginia (103)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Maryland, St. Mary's County, Avenue — Old Chapel Bell
On July 2, 1970 the Seventh District Volunteer Fire Department responded to a fire on Route 242 across from Kopels Marina. There were 20 firefighters who responded under the direction of Chief George McWilliams III. The location was the old . . . Map (db m204838) HM
2Maryland, St. Mary's County, California — St. Joseph's Manor
Nicholas Hervey (also Harvey) having "prayeth a grant of mannor" of 1,000 acres of south side of Patuxent River in 1641 "for transporting into the province this present year himself his wife and five other persons." Cecilius Calvert on 25 January . . . Map (db m214805) HM
3Maryland, St. Mary's County, Chaptico — "Deep Falls"Originally patented March 26, 1680 as "Wales"
. . . Map (db m81166) HM
4Maryland, St. Mary's County, Chaptico — Chaptico
Established in 1683 as one of the four ports of entry in St. Mary's County. Shipping continued until early in the twentieth century. Christ Church, built in 1736, has been used continuously since. On July 30, 1814, British forces looted the town, . . . Map (db m17425) HM
5Maryland, St. Mary's County, Chaptico — ChapticoA History of Rebellion
Tiny Chaptico was home to many daring men, beginning with John Coode who led Maryland's 1689 Protestant Rebellion. During the Civil War, Chaptico's blockade runners carried medicine and other supplies at night across the Potomac River past Union . . . Map (db m168637) HM
6Maryland, St. Mary's County, Chaptico — Christ Church King and Queen Parish
Christ Church King and Queen Parish has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior for its significance in American HistoryMap (db m81168) HM
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7Maryland, St. Mary's County, Chaptico — Prosperous Port TownRaided by British, July 1814
Colonial Settlement followed the rivers inland, and harbors with deep water became commercial and social centers. The Maryland colony was founded in 1634, and Chaptico was officially established by 1683. In 1689, Chaptico's John Goode organized a . . . Map (db m62741) HM
8Maryland, St. Mary's County, Charlotte Hall — Cadet Pierre A. Mourthé
In Memoriam. Cadet Pierre A. Mourthé, Class of 1919, Born September 6th 1897 at Pau, France, who met his death by accidental drowning August 24th, 1917.Map (db m941) HM
9Maryland, St. Mary's County, Charlotte Hall — Charlotte Hall School
In 1774, the Maryland General Assembly passed legislation for the establishment of a school near “Ye Coole Springs” for the education of boys from St. Mary’s, Charles, Calvert, and Prince George’s counties. As a result of the . . . Map (db m81186) HM
10Maryland, St. Mary's County, Charlotte Hall — Charlotte Hall School
An outgrowth of the “Free Schools” established in Maryland in 1723, founded in 1774 “to provide for the liberal and pious education of the youth of this province, the better to fit them for the discharge of their duties.” . . . Map (db m81286) HM
11Maryland, St. Mary's County, Charlotte Hall — Coole Springs of Saint Marie’sCharlotte Hall, Maryland
Waters of exceptional purity and reputed healing quality led to the establishment near here of one of the earliest hospitals in the North American Colonies, authorized by the General Assembly, October 20, 1698.Map (db m929) HM
12Maryland, St. Mary's County, Charlotte Hall — Managing The LineThree Notch Trail
William F. Chesley began his railroad career as a telegraph operator for the Kansas City Southern Railroad in 1906. He worked every position on the line from track worker to manager. Mr. Chesley returned home to St. Mary's County and in 1924 . . . Map (db m135327) HM
13Maryland, St. Mary's County, Charlotte Hall — Maryland Begins Here
St. Mary’s County Welcome Center. Dedicated to all citizens and visitors of St. Mary’s County, Maryland. In 1634, a group of courageous voyagers left England and all that was familiar and set out for the New World in search of religious . . . Map (db m944) HM
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14Maryland, St. Mary's County, Charlotte Hall — No Match for British MightStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
Bounded by the Patuxent and the Potomac, St. Mary’s County felt the squeeze as British invaders attacked along both rivers, plundering towns and plantations at will. Officials petitioned for federal help “to rescue and save us.” Little . . . Map (db m81180) HM
15Maryland, St. Mary's County, Charlotte Hall — Rear Admiral Raphael Semmes C.S.N. Reported permanently removed
(1807–1877) Born Charles County. Attended Charlotte Hall Mil. Academy. US Navy – Mexican War. Practiced Law. Commissioned in CSN 1861. Captained CSS Sumter. Later commanded CSS Alabama. Most successful raider with 82 naval victories. . . . Map (db m140069) HM
16Maryland, St. Mary's County, Charlotte Hall — Village of Charlotte HallThree Notch Trail
The Village of Charlotte Hall derived its name from the school located there, authorized by the Maryland General Assembly in 1774. The area was originally known as "Ye Coole Springs" for the purported healing qualities of the drinking water the . . . Map (db m135328) HM
17Maryland, St. Mary's County, Charlotte Hall — Ye Coole SpringsThree Notch Trail
Legends of healing waters in St. Mary's came from the Native Americans and the colonists who believed in the therapeutic properties of the fresh water springs at Charlotte Hall. Around 1698, Governor Thomas Nicholson appointed trustees to purchase . . . Map (db m135329) HM
18Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — "…one of the pleasantest summer resorts on the Potomac" Reported permanently removed
Tourism thrived on the island after Dr. Joseph McWilliams built a steamboat wharf in 1868. Dr. McWilliams enlarged his home to make room for a growing number of summer visitors from Baltimore and Washington. he also added cottages, a dining hall, . . . Map (db m24198) HM
19Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — "With a laudable and pious zeal for the propagation of the Christian faith" Reported permanently removed
A Catholic Mass, the first in English America, was celebrated here on March 25, 1634. It was a time of beginnings; the first day of the year on the old Julian Calendar and the Feast of the Annunciation. Catholic leaders were determine to . . . Map (db m24191) HM
20Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — With Great Emotion of Soul
The low strip of land across the water in front of you is St. Clement's Island. There, in March of 1634, English settlers first landed on what today is Maryland. The Catholics among the mostly Protestant settlers were seeking a new life that . . . Map (db m204843) HM
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21Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — A Target for Big Guns Reported permanently removed
In 1918, the United States War Department established the Dahlgren Proving Grounds in King George County, Virginia. Military leaders who had observed the death and destruction of World War I wanted more accurate and effective large guns for future . . . Map (db m104737) HM
22Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Ancestral GardenSt. Clement's Island, St. Mary's County, Maryland.
Planted as a tercentenary commemoration to the manorial homes of the men and women who on this site founded Maryland March 25, 1634 - March 25, 1934.Map (db m204925) HM
23Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Blackistone Island LighthouseKeepers of the Light Reported permanently removed
1851 Isaac Wood 1853 George Goddard 1859 Jerome L. McWilliams 1868 Dr. Joseph L. McWilliams 1875 Mrs. Josephine McWilliams Freeman 1912 William M. Freeman, Jr. 1913 Leonard H. Staubly 1917 Francis E. Butterfield, Jr. . . . Map (db m24187) HM
24Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Blackistone LighthouseWitness to History
The original Blackistone Lighthouse was built in 1851, ten years before the start of the American Civil War. It was constructed by John Donahoo of Havre De Grace, Maryland, under contract with the U.S. Government. In 1932, it was . . . Map (db m204928) HM
25Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Blackistone LighthouseRebuilding a Landmark
Rebuilding for future generations. Josephine Mattingly, granddaughter of Mrs. Josephine Freeman, left a bequest to the St. Clement's Hundred, a non-profit group formed to preserve and enhance St. Clement's Island. Fulfilling this promise, the . . . Map (db m204931) HM
26Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Blackistone LighthouseSaved by Keeper's Pregnant Wife
During the night of May 19, 1864, Confederate Navy Capt. John Goldsmith and a dozen men slipped past a nearby Union Potomac Flotilla gunboat and disembarked here from the 30-foot sloop Swan. They intended to destroy the Blackistone . . . Map (db m204935) HM
27Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Blackistone Lighthouse Bell Tower
The original bell tower erected in 1888 included machinery designed to strike every 16 seconds. It served as a vital part of the warning system for ships in inclement weather. This bell tower was built by Paul Bennett and Jay Pilkerton . . . Map (db m204934) HM
28Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Charlotte Hall SchoolPreserving an Icon
A historical treasure. The Charlotte Hall School is a one-room schoolhouse built in 1820 on land purchased from the Edwards family for $10 per acre. Originally located on Thompson Corner Road in Charlotte Hall, Maryland, the school was . . . Map (db m204842) HM
29Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Discover Southern Maryland's Amazing Stories of Exploration, Hope, and Courage
Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail
"Passing along the coast, searching every inlet, and bay, fit for harbours and habitations…" Captain John Smith, describing his explorations of the Chesapeake . . . Map (db m204839) HM
30Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Dory BoatsV-Bottomed Boats of the Chesapeake
The Potomac River dory boat was used for the tonging and dredging of oysters in the waters of the Potomac River and its tributaries. Its unique design features a V-bottom planked lengthwise instead of the usual cross-planking. The dory boat . . . Map (db m204854) HM
31Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Freedom to WorshipThe Quest for Tolerance
So many new beginnings. A Catholic Mass, the first in English America, was celebrated here on the Island on March 25, 1634. It was a time of beginnings—the first day of the year on the old Julian calendar and the Feast of the Annunciation. . . . Map (db m204923) HM
32Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Journey to an IslandSt. Clement's Island State Park
A Potomac River landmark, St. Clement's Island has served many functions: a lighthouse site, a summer resort, and farmland. The island became a state park in 1962 and today offers trails, a lighthouse you can explore, wildlife viewing, . . . Map (db m204851) HM
33Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Maryland Began HereThe Colonists Arrive
Two ships arrive. The 400-ton Ark and the 40-ton Dove landed almost 200 English settlers here in March of 1634. After a stormy passage from England, the 20-year-old Governor Leonard Calvert brother of Lord Baltimore, was looking . . . Map (db m204866) HM
34Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Maryland Began Here! Reported permanently removed
Two ships, the 400-ton Ark and the 50-ton Dove landed almost 150 English settlers here in March of 1634. After a stormy passage from England, the 28-year-old Governor Leonard Calvert, brother of Lord Baltimore, looked for a safe place . . . Map (db m24194) HM
35Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Mother of Light Shrine
East Face Maryland was dedicated to Mary, the Mother of God, during the first Mass held on St. Clement's Island. John Carroll, the first Catholic Bishop of the United States declared our young nation to be under Mary's protection in 1792. . . . Map (db m210251) HM
36Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Potomac River Dory Boat Reported permanently removed
The Potomac River dory boat originated around the 1880s and was built almost exclusively within this area of St. Mary's County, Maryland. How the name dory boat came to be is unknown, but its unique design features a V-bottom, planked lengthwise . . . Map (db m22148) HM
37Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Saint Clement’s Island(One-half mile offshore)
Site of the first landing of Governor Leonard Calvert and the Maryland colonists, March 25, 1634. Here, on the same day, Father Andrew White, S. J. celebrated the first Catholic mass in the British-American colonies. The Island became a part . . . Map (db m9152) HM
38Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — St. Clement's Hundred
This sycamore is the first of 500 new trees to be planted on this "precious spot of land" over the next few years. On October 3, 1993 the Honorable Louis L. Goldstein, Comptroller of the Treasury, State of Maryland, planted this tree on behalf of . . . Map (db m204921) HM
39Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — St. Clement's Island
To this island in March 1634, Governor Leonard Calvert and the first Maryland colonists came in the vessels Ark and Dove. Here they took possession of the Province of Maryland, erected a cross of Maryland wood and celebrated the Holy Sacrifice. Here . . . Map (db m24197) HM
40Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — St. Clement's Island Lighthouse"None of the Lighthouses … are Safe" Reported permanently removed
On May 19, 1864 Confederates raided St. Clement's Island to destroy the 1851 lighthouse. Capt. John Goldsmith, a county residence who had once owned the island, led the attack, having joined the Confederate army in Virginia. In a thirty-foot . . . Map (db m9181) HM
41Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — St. Clement's Island MuseumLearn about the epic journey of Maryland's first settlers
Across the road, in the St. Clement's Island Museum, you can learn why Maryland's first colonists risked a harrowing sea voyage from England to an uncertain future in America. Follow their experiences in the New World, including their . . . Map (db m204841) HM
42Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — St. Clement's Island State ParkInformation about St. Clement's Island — …where fun comes naturally —
This 62 acre park is the location of the landing of Maryland's first colonists. 150 British settlers, sailing on the Ark and Dove, arrived on the Island on March 25, 1634, which is now commemorated annually as Maryland Day. A . . . Map (db m204861) HM
43Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — St. Clements Manor1639 — 11,400 acres —
In St. Clements Hundred, St. Mary’s County laid out with court leet and baron, and patented to Dr. Thomas Gerard, Esq. and bequeathed to his oldest son Capt. Justinian GerardMap (db m9183) HM
44Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — The Black Diamond Incident"Out of the frying pan into the fire"
It was April 22, 1865, the eight day of the intense manhunt for President Lincoln's assassin—John Wilkes Booth—across southern Maryland. U.S. Army and Navy detachments were in the chase, including vessels of the Potomac Flotilla, which had helped . . . Map (db m204852) HM
45Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — The Shrinking Island Reported permanently removed
Glaciers, storms, tides and winds are constantly creating and destroying islands and shorelines throughout the Chesapeake Bay region. According to Maryland settler and Jesuit missionary Father Andrew White, St. Clement's Island was 400 acres in . . . Map (db m24196) HM
46Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — This Stand of Trees
This stand of new trees planted on October 4, 1993 through the combined efforts of the Optimist Club of the Seventh District, Chesapeake Bay Trust and St. Clements Hundred. St. Clements Hundred is a group of concerned citizens dedicated to . . . Map (db m204920) HM
47Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Trade ExpandsWharf Connects with New Markets
Island ties with Bay markets. In 1868, Blackistone's (St. Clement's) Island owner, Dr. Joseph McWilliams, built a steamboat wharf with his sons. The addition opened the island's door to trade with a busy network of Chesapeake Bay ports. Dr. . . . Map (db m204926) HM
48Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Ways to Explore Southern Maryland's Scenic and Historic Routes
Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail This unique trail is designed for you to experience by boat. It is America's first waterway national historic trail and includes more than 3,000 miles explored by Captain John Smith. . . . Map (db m204840) HM
49Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Welcome to St. Clement's Island Reported permanently removed
This small island, one of hundreds in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, has a history as old as Maryland. St. Clement's was the first landfall of the Maryland settlers in 1634. A Potomac River landmark for almost four centuries, it has been a . . . Map (db m24200) HM
50Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Welcome to St. Clement's Island Reported permanently removed
This small island, one of hundreds in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, has a history as old as Maryland. St. Clement's was the first landfall of the Maryland settlers in 1634. A Potomac River landmark for almost four centuries, it has been a . . . Map (db m24201) HM
51Maryland, St. Mary's County, Coltons Point — Welcome to St. Clements Island State Park
A rich history. St. Clements Island State Park was the first landfall of settlers to Maryland in 1634. A Potomac River landmark for almost four centuries, it has been a thriving farm, a popular summer resort and a target for large guns. The . . . Map (db m204857) HM
52Maryland, St. Mary's County, Compton — Manor of Little Brittaine
Later known as "Newtowne Manor" in New Towne Hundred, St. Mary's Co. Patented in 1640 to William Bretton, Gent. early clerk of the general assembly, member of second general assembly, magistrate of St. Mary's Co.Map (db m9041) HM
53Maryland, St. Mary's County, Compton — The Wished For Country
After braving a four month voyage from England, the Maryland colonists first landed on St. Clements Island. It was here that Governor Leonard Calvert took possession "...for Saviour and Sovereigh..." on March 25, 1634. The seeds of Religious . . . Map (db m9182) HM
54Maryland, St. Mary's County, Drayden — Drayden SchoolhouseSeparate But Unequal
"In later years, I realized how bad it was. At the time, it wasn't no big thing, because you really didn't have nothing else to compare it to. And we did learn how to read and write and add and subtract and so that's better than the . . . Map (db m187453) HM
55Maryland, St. Mary's County, Drayden — Drayden SchoolhouseTwo Students Remember
"We had a wood stove. The students had to bring in the wood. I remember one of the teachers, she kept a can of water on the stove, I guess to help the air, and she'd bring a couple of eggs. A certain time of morning, she'd drop . . . Map (db m188552) HM
56Maryland, St. Mary's County, Drayden — Drayden SchoolhouseAn African American Story
The Drayden Schoolhouse stands upon its original site on land donated by Mary Ellen and Daniel A. Gross in 1889. The simple one-room design is characteristic of practical Victorian architecture and of other one-room schools in St. Mary's . . . Map (db m188554) HM
57Maryland, St. Mary's County, Great Mills — Cecil's General Store
The present Cecil store and house were built in 1906. This building replaced a one story store at Clifton Factory that stood on the same site, and the house stands on the same site of an old three story structure called "The Tavern." This . . . Map (db m138942) HM
58Maryland, St. Mary's County, Great Mills — Cecil's MillGreat Mills
Around 1900, John Thomas Cecil built this mill over the foundation of W.W. Cecil's mill which was torn down. The first belt driven roller mill in the county and the saw mill were operated by water power until Cecil's death in 1927. His son, H. Robb . . . Map (db m138936) HM
59Maryland, St. Mary's County, Great Mills — Cecil's Mill Historic District
The original water-powered textile mill. "Clifton factory," built in 1812, was rebuilt as a flour mill in 1900 by John Thomas Cecil. Historic district also includes Cecil's Country Store and post office built in 1906.Map (db m16792) HM
60Maryland, St. Mary's County, Great Mills — Cecil's Saw Mill
A saw mill has been on this site since circa 1820. The present structure has been restored using most of the "American" saw mill parts dating from 1910. The mill has not operated since the fatal injury of H. Robb Cecil on 22 April 1959. Restoration . . . Map (db m62591) HM
61Maryland, St. Mary's County, Great Mills — Clifton FactoryGreat Mills
A textile factory was built originally on this site in an attempt to develop cotton as an alternative crop to tobacco, still a major crop in this area. One of the county's leading manufacturing industries in the early 1800's, in time the cotton crop . . . Map (db m138938) HM
62Maryland, St. Mary's County, Great Mills — Rat Hall
During the early 1800's, the flourishing textile industry at Clifton Factory supported what was considered a "cotton town." Land was subdivided into small lots to accommodate housing for the growing community. Several of these small structures were . . . Map (db m138939) HM
63Maryland, St. Mary's County, Helen — 1985 — Veterans of Helen Memorial
11th Hour 11th Day 11th Month In the Year of Our Lord MCMLXXXV We dedicate this memorial to the citizenry of Helen, to perpetuate our town, for which we fought in war, to preserve its peace. Veterans of the Armed Forces of the United . . . Map (db m204953) WM
64Maryland, St. Mary's County, Hillville — Fenwick Manor
On April 24, 1651 Cuthbert Fenwick was granted absolute lordship of Fenwick Manor. Sometimes called St. Cuthbert's Manor, with all the rights and privileges of holding court baron and court leet. The manor was 2,000 acres in resurrection hundred on . . . Map (db m81163) HM
65Maryland, St. Mary's County, Hollywood — Port of Entry
During colonial days, English government has hopes of exporting furs, foodstuffs, timber, flax and other products from Maryland's ports to the home county. In reality, tobacco was the only notable item produced and exported to England in large . . . Map (db m62630) HM
66Maryland, St. Mary's County, Hollywood — Remembering Ancestors at the Sotterley PlantationThe Price of Prosperity — The Middle Passage to Patuxent —
The Price of Prosperity By the latter part of the 17th century, the development of the plantation economy of Maryland was well established. The shift of political power from English nobles to wealthy planters and fewer indentured servants . . . Map (db m146563) HM
67Maryland, St. Mary's County, Hollywood — Rosedale
Part of Resurrection Manor An original grant in 1650 of 4000 acres to Thomas Cornwaleys, Esq. with Court Leet and Court Baron "and all things belonging therunto by law and custom of England" Dedicated May 1972 by the National Society of . . . Map (db m62460) HM
68Maryland, St. Mary's County, Hollywood — Sotterley's Remaining Slave Cabin
In the 18th century, enslaved African Americans were housed in outlying barns and buildings of the plantation, as well as in the passageways of the manor house. By the 19th century, approximately ten slave cabins were constructed between the ravine . . . Map (db m62593) HM
69Maryland, St. Mary's County, Hollywood — Tobacco's Impact
Tobacco farming dramatically changed Southern Maryland's natural environment by depleting the rich soils of nutrients. In the 18th and 19th centuries, farmers rotated fields, introduced fertilizers and guano (bat dung), and employed deeper plowing . . . Map (db m62613) HM
70Maryland, St. Mary's County, Hollywood — War Hits HomeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Sotterley and other nearby plantations paid a heavy price in the War of 1812. British blockades impeded trade of their principal cash crop -- tobacco -- and enemy raids plundered the region. In June 1814 British forces landed near Sotterley, . . . Map (db m62610) HM
71Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — A Town SparedStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
In July 1813, British troops seized St. Clements and St. George Islands and established a base at Point Lookout. From there they repeatedly raided the countryside, terrorizing local residents They ramped up their assault in the summer of . . . Map (db m80392) HM
72Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — Breton Bay
The Breton Bay area has a rich and significant human history, beginning as early as 13,000 years ago. Cooler temperatures and lower sea levels at the time meant that the shoreline extended much further than it does today. The abundant wild . . . Map (db m187448) HM
73Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — Center of CitizenshipTarget of Three-Prong Attack Reported missing
Leonardtown's Early Years Carved from a large land grant named New Towne Hundred by an act of Maryland's Early Colonial government to advance commerce, this area had been known by several other names --Sheppard's Old Fields, Seymour Towne, . . . Map (db m81523) HM
74Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — Fun on the WaterfrontLeonardtown Wharf
The waterfront was fun and exciting for all ages. The last quarter of the 19th century has been called Maryland's Golden Age. It was a time of expanding educational and economic opportunities and during those years, the waterfront provided . . . Map (db m62711) HM
75Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — Invasion!Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Imagine the scene here on July 19, 1814, as Breton Bay filled with barges of British Royal Marines intent on attacking Leonardtown. Rear Admiral George Cockburn led the invasion force that came ashore at the town wharf. Raiders also approached the . . . Map (db m62640) HM
76Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — LeonardtownEstablished in 1660
Named Seymour Town in honor of Governor John Seymour and designated St. Mary’s county seat by the General Assembly in 1708. Name changed to Leonardtown by the General Assembly in 1728 in honor of Leonard Calvert, first colonial governor of . . . Map (db m953) HM
77Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — LeonardtownSpies, Intriguers and Blockade Runners Reported missing
When the white citizens of St. Mary’s County voted here in the 1860 presidential election, John Breckenridge, the secessionist candidate who carried Maryland, got 920 votes. Abraham Lincoln received 9 percent of the popular Maryland vote; the . . . Map (db m187358) HM
78Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — LeonardtownSmugglers, Secessionists, & a Very Brave Man
In 1860, male voters gathered here at the courthouse to cast their ballots. Before the mid-nineteenth century, voice voting was common, with each voter announcing his choices in front of one and all. Then came paper tickets or ballots colorfully . . . Map (db m187359) HM
79Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — Leonardtown WharfWaterfront Park in the Critical Area
All lands within 1,000 feet of tidal waters or adjacent to tidal wetlands are in the "Critical Area” that impacts the Chesapeake Bay. The transition zone between land and water is home to many species of fish, turtles, shorebirds, and other . . . Map (db m187450) HM
80Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — Lynching in America / Lynching of Benjamin HanceCommunity Remembrance Project
Lynching in America Racial terror lynching claimed the lives of at least 6,500 Black people in the United States between 1865 and 1950. After the Civil War, many white people remained committed to upholding white supremacy. In opposition to . . . Map (db m187334) HM
81Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — Origins of the Compass Rose The compass rose has appeared on charts and maps since the 1300's when the portolan charts first made their appearance. The term "rose” comes from the figure's compass points resembling the petals of . . . Map (db m187451) HM
82Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — Site of the Methodist Episcopal Meeting House (c.1847)
The Oldest Surviving Building on Washington Street A Prime Example of Adaptive Re-Use Listed in the Maryland Historical Trust 1852 – Wesley Chapel 1875 – St.Mary's Reading Room         and Debating Society – Library . . . Map (db m81522) HM
83Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — Steamboats at the WaterfrontLeonardtown Wharf
A Way of life...never to be seen again. David C. Holly, Tidewater by Steamboat In the midst of the War of 1812, The Chesapeake, first steamboat built to ply the waters of the Chesapeake Bay, safely made its maiden voyage . . . Map (db m62718) HM
84Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — The Great House
On this site, lot 39, as designated of a plat of Leonardtown c. 1728, was constructed the “Great House” of John Stewart. Built c. 1734, the structure stood until 1960 and over the years served many purposes being referenced at various . . . Map (db m80379) HM
85Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — The Legend of Moll Dyer
An elderly, single, migrant to St. Mary's County, Moll Dyer lived alone in a small cabin just south of Leonardtown. Known to practice strange customs, concoct herbal medicines, and suspected of casting spells, Dyer was viewed with suspicion and . . . Map (db m187333) HM
86Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — The Mural Story
The mural scene depicts various time periods in Leonardtown’s history. In general, the left side of the painting presents an older time period, around the turn of the century. As you move to the right, the chronology advances to a point in the . . . Map (db m957) HM
87Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — This Cannon
This cannon was brought to Maryland in 1634 on The Ark. Used in defense of St. Mary’s City and as a St. Inigoes Manor boundary marker. Presented to St. Mary’s County Historical Society by The Society of Jesus. (original inscription . . . Map (db m956) HM
88Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — Trade on the WaterfrontLeonardtown Wharf
The Wharf Connected Leonardtown to the outside world. Before roads were built, or rails laid for trains, goods and people traveled by ship. In the mid-1600s, ships called directly at the wharves of Maryland plantations to pick up tobacco, . . . Map (db m62678) HM
89Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — Tudor Hall
Formerly Americus Felix Secundus Built by Abraham Barnes in 1750 Extensively Enlarged by Philip Key In 1796 Is Now Dedicated to All Citizens of St. Mary's County As a Free Public Library The Gift of Mary Patterson Davidson 1950 . . . Map (db m80358) HM WM
90Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — Veterans Memorial
The citizens of St. Mary's County dedicate this monument in memory of those who made the supreme sacrifice and those who valiantly served Korean War 1950 - 1955 • Bennett, Henry A., Pvt USA, Leonardtown, KIA Apr. 11, 1951 • . . . Map (db m138982) WM
91Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — War Comes to Breton BayTudor Hall — Grand Home of Maryland Patriots —
In 1812, our young Nation went to war against what was then the mightiest sea power on earth - Great Britain. It has been suggested that what Americans call the War of 1812 was instead the "American Theater" of the very first wrold war when France . . . Map (db m17428) HM
92Maryland, St. Mary's County, Leonardtown — World War I Monument -- LeonardtownGloria Pro Patria In Armis Contendere
This Monument is gratefully erected by the citizens of St. Mary's County in honor of her heroes in the World War 1917-1918 and dedicated to this 11th day of November 1921 Gloria Pro Patria Mori The Names on this monument are . . . Map (db m62749) WM
93Maryland, St. Mary's County, Lexington Park — A "War to end all Wars"Upheaval and Continuity — 1900 - 1920 —
The early 20th c. is commonly referred to as "The Progressive Era." Some of the hallmarks of the era were modernization in communications and transportation and advancements in public health and safety. The expansion of the scope and powers of . . . Map (db m181742) HM
94Maryland, St. Mary's County, Lexington Park — Against the OddsStar-Spangled Banner National Trail
Both a squadron of the British navy and severe weather challenged the famed Chesapeake Flotilla off Cedar Point on June 1, 1814. The modest fleet of armed barges was assembled by Joshua Barney to harass British ships. With an inadequate professional . . . Map (db m62589) HM
95Maryland, St. Mary's County, Lexington Park — AIM-9H Sidewinder Missile
The First Solid-State Sidewinder The AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missile was developed by the Navy's Pacific Missile Test Center at China Lake, California, in the early 1950s. It was the first missile to be guided by tracking the heat . . . Map (db m138641) HM
96Maryland, St. Mary's County, Lexington Park — Architectural Significance of the First Lexington Park Community
The U.S. Navy developed Lexington Park to house the civilian workers who streamed into the area following the establishment of the Patuxent River Naval Air Station. Named for the storied carrier Lexington, it was the first planned community . . . Map (db m56719) HM
97Maryland, St. Mary's County, Lexington Park — Beech T-34B Mentor
Training Naval Aviators for Over Four Decades Loosely based on the popular civil Beech Bonanza aircraft, the T-34 began replacing the Navy's original T-6 Texan (also known as the SNJ) in 1954. In 2000, T34Cs began being replaced by the T-6A . . . Map (db m138623) HM
98Maryland, St. Mary's County, Lexington Park — Bell TH-1L Iroquois Reported damaged
The "Huey" After winning the U.S. Army's 1952 competition for a light utility helicopter, the H-1 "Huey" became the West's most popular, most versatile, and longest-lived military helicopter. In 1962, the U.S. Marine Corps selected the . . . Map (db m138660) HM
99Maryland, St. Mary's County, Lexington Park — Bell-Boeing MV-22B Osprey Test Aircraft No. 8 ("Eight-ball")
Display Aircraft: MV-22B, Bureau Number 164940, is one of four Engineering and Manufacturing Development (EMD) test aircraft and the 8th Osprey built. Manufactured in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Arlington, Texas. Its first flight was on 23 . . . Map (db m138668) HM
100Maryland, St. Mary's County, Lexington Park — Boeing Vertol CH-46E Sea Knight
The "Battle Phrog" The Sea Knight was developed as an assault helicopter for the U.S. Marine Corps. It featured tandem rotors (one in front, one in back) that folded for shipboard stowage. Although other helicopters with tandem rotors preceded . . . Map (db m138659) HM

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Mar. 24, 2023