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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Montgomery County, Maryland

 
Clickable Map of Montgomery County, Maryland and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Montgomery County, MD (714) Frederick County, MD (548) Howard County, MD (142) Prince George s County, MD (609) Washington, DC (2434) Arlington County, VA (450) Fairfax County, VA (688) Loudoun County, VA (335)  MontgomeryCounty(714) Montgomery County (714)  FrederickCounty(548) Frederick County (548)  HowardCounty(142) Howard County (142)  PrinceGeorge'sCounty(609) Prince George's County (609)   D.C.(2434) Washington (2434)  (450) Arlington County (450)  FairfaxCounty(688) Fairfax County (688)  LoudounCounty(335) Loudoun County (335)
Rockville is the county seat for Montgomery County
Adjacent to Montgomery County, Maryland
      Frederick County (548)  
      Howard County (142)  
      Prince George's County (609)  
      Washington, D.C. (2434)  
      Arlington County, Virginia (450)  
      Fairfax County, Virginia (688)  
      Loudoun County, Virginia (335)  
 
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Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Maryland, Montgomery County, Aspen Hill — Matthew HensonA Lifetime of Exploration
On Matthew Henson Trail south of Hewitt Avenue, on the right when traveling east.
August 8, 1866 - Born in Charles County, Maryland. 1877-1879 - At the age of 12, leaves home to live in Washington, DC and Baltimore, MD. 1879-1884 - Joins the crew of the ship "Katie Hines" as a cabin boy and explores the . . . Map (db m205930) HM
2Maryland, Montgomery County, Aspen Hill — Old Glory
On Georgia Avenue (Maryland Route 97) north of Aspen Hill Road.
I am the Star Spangled Banner.....   conceived in 1777 out of love   America bore for Liberty and Honor. I am the memorial of countless heroes who   shed their blood to preserve this   sacred heritage. I have inspired generations of . . . Map (db m111567) WM
3Maryland, Montgomery County, Aspen Hill — Veirs Mill
On Viers Mill Road (Maryland Route 586) near Twinbrook Parkway, on the right when traveling west.
Veirs Mill was built by Samuel Clark Veirs in 1838. It was operated by Veirs and Co., or Veirs and Bros., for 89 years. Known by many as Rock Creek Mills, it drew customers from Rockville and Mitchel's Crossroads (now Wheaton), through a route that . . . Map (db m78) HM
4Maryland, Montgomery County, Barnesville — Barnesville“Before night our town changed hands five times!” — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
On Barnesvile Road just west of West Harris Road, on the left when traveling west.
On the evening of September 5, 1862, Gen. Wade Hampton’s and Gen. Fitzhugh Lee’s Confederate cavalry brigades bivouacked around Barnesville. They rode the next day to their base camp at Urbana, leaving the 9th Virginia Cavalry to guard Barnesville. . . . Map (db m156129) HM
5Maryland, Montgomery County, Barnesville — Barnesville“... a bad night of it...” — Gettysburg Campaign —
On Barnesvile Road at West Harris Road, on the left when traveling west on Barnesvile Road.
The advance of Union Gen. John F. Reynolds’ I Corps began slogging through Barnesville on the morning of Friday, June 26, 1863, having crossed the Potomac River the afternoon before and camped west of town. Continuous heavy rain made marching muddy . . . Map (db m203973) HM
6Maryland, Montgomery County, Barnesville — Barnesville StationDedicated October 8, 1977
On Bealsville Road (State Highway 109) just south of Hillrise Lane, on the right when traveling south.
Built about 1930 as the first metering station for the Washington area gas supply, this building was saved from imminent destruction by concerned citizens dedicated to both the preservation of the visible past and revitalization of the railroad. On . . . Map (db m139683) HM
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7Maryland, Montgomery County, Beallsville — African American Soldiers from Montgomery County1861-1865
Near Darnestown Road (Maryland Route 28) 1 mile north of Beallsville Road (Route 109), on the right when traveling north.
Black men — both free and enslaved — were called upon to fight in the Civil War which ultimately led to the dismantlement of slavery, that ‘peculiar institution.’ As the Civil War dragged on, the state newspapers exaggerated . . . Map (db m86905) HM
8Maryland, Montgomery County, Beallsville — BeallsvilleSquabble at the cemetery: Whose flag flies today? — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
On Beallsville Road (Maryland Route 109) at Darnestown Road (Maryland Route 28), on the right when traveling south on Beallsville Road.
On September 9, 1862, the running engagement between Illinois, Indiana, and Virginia cavalry units that began the day before in Poolesville continued in Beallsville when two Federal regiments forced the single regiment of Virginia cavalrymen posted . . . Map (db m1681) HM
9Maryland, Montgomery County, Beallsville — Brewer Farmstead
On Darnestown Road (Maryland Route 28) 1.1 miles north of Beallsville Road (Maryland Route 109), on the right when traveling north.
Family Farming Dr. William Brewer acquired 583 acres in a land grant known as “Woodstock Manor,” in 1838. Woodstock was two miles from Dr. Brewer's primary residence, Aix-La-Chappell where he provided medical treatment to the . . . Map (db m86904) HM
10Maryland, Montgomery County, Beallsville — Equestrian Heritage
Near Darnestown Road (Maryland Route 28) 1.1 miles north of Beallsville Road (Maryland Route 109), on the right when traveling north.
Importance of Horses Horses were brought to this continent by Spanish explorers in the 16th centu­ry. Their speed and endurance were invaluable in the New World. In early America. specific breeds were relatively unknown. Horses were . . . Map (db m86431) HM
11Maryland, Montgomery County, Beallsville — In Loving MemoryConfederate Memorial
Near Darnestown Road (Maryland Route 28) at West Hunter Road, on the left.
“In loving memory of the valor and self-sacrifice of the Maryland soldiers in the Confederate Army whose names are inscribed hereon” War of 1861 — 1865 J. Collison White     Richard R. Hays Thomas H. White     James . . . Map (db m86183) WM
12Maryland, Montgomery County, Beallsville — Seneca Stone Barn
Near Wasche Road, 0.3 miles north of Farm Road Trail, on the right when traveling north.
Restoring History This circa 1800 stable was built either by the Young family or the Fisher family of Seneca sandstone most likely quarried nearby on the Potomac River. Seneca stone was prized for its ruddy variegated color, local abundance, . . . Map (db m86368) HM
13Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — "All are Welcome to the Healing Plaza"Walter Reed National Military Medical Center
Near Palmer Road North, 0.2 miles east of Wood Road (Maryland Route 355), on the right when traveling east.
This plaza is a tribute to the history and legacy of two great military medical institutions and their contributions to military medicine. Through this garden’s peaceful landscape, sculpture, and memorials, visitors are reminded of our commitment to . . . Map (db m70946) HM
Paid Advertisement
14Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — "The Linden Oak"- 1976 -
On Grosvenor Lane at Rockville Pike (Maryland Road 355), on the right when traveling north on Grosvenor Lane.
Known locally as "The Linden Oak," this white oak tree (Quercus alba) is the fourth largest of its species in the state of Maryland and the largest in Montgomery County. How it came to be called "The Linden Oak" is unknown. Recognized in the . . . Map (db m22317) HM
15Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — “Home of the Dome”(1962 - 1992)
On Whittier Boulevard north of Braeburn Parkway, on the right when traveling south.
On this site the first geodesic dome gymnasium in America stood for three decades. The brainchild of futuristic architect & innovative icon Buckminster Fuller in 1954, Walt Whitman High School in Bethesda, Maryland was chosen for this unique . . . Map (db m206963) HM
16Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — A Totem For Healing
Near Center Drive just west of Wisconsin Avenue (Maryland Route 355), on the left when traveling west.
The National Library of Medicine's healing totem was created to promote good health, in keeping with the mission of the doctors and scientists who work here at NIH to advance our knowledge of health and medicine. Master carver Jewell James of . . . Map (db m77836) HM
17Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — A Way for FishChesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Towpath, on the right when traveling south.
If you walk down the short path to the water's edge and look upriver to your right, you can see Snake Island in the middle of Little Falls Dam. Just behind the island, hidden underwater, is a fishway—a passage that enables fish to swim beyond . . . Map (db m136927) HM
18Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Artist's Conception of Battery Bailey, Circa 1862
Near Elliott Road, 0.4 miles west of Ashfield Road, on the right when traveling west.
Engineer's Drawing of Battery Bailey, Circa 1862. National ArchivesMap (db m174642) HM
19Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — At This LocationQuercus alba -- White Oak
On Center Drive at North Drive, on the right when traveling west on Center Drive.
The 192 year old, 84 foot tall white oak that grew here was felled on February 14, 1998 to make way for the Mark O. Hatfield Clinical Research Center. The U.S. Navy used the 14 ton, 35 foot trunk segment for repairs to the USS Constitution, . . . Map (db m73322) HM
20Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Battery Bailey
On Elliott Road, 0.4 miles west of Ashfield Road, on the right when traveling west.
During the Civil War, fortifications were constructed around the perimeter of Washington to defend the city from attack by the Confederate Army. Paramount to survival under siege was protection of the city's water supply. Forts Sumner and Mansfield . . . Map (db m17647) HM
Paid Advertisement
21Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Bear and the Steelhead
Near Center Drive close to Wisconsin Avenue (Maryland Route 355), on the left when traveling west.
The carvings on this bench depict a story from the Salish people of the northwestern United States and British Columbia, Canada. The story teaches respect for natural cycles, represented by the salmon’s annual migration upriver from the sea to . . . Map (db m77878) HM
22Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Bethesda Meeting House
Near Rockville Pike (Route 355) 0.5 miles south of Elsmere Avenue, on the right when traveling south.
Bethesda Meeting House Founded 1820 – Rebuilt 1850Map (db m77717) HM
23Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Cemetery of the Bethesda Presbyterian Church
On Rockville Pike (Maryland Route 355) 0.6 miles south of Elsmere Avenue.
The Bethesda Meeting House was erected on this site in 1820. The original sanctuary was destroyed by fire. A second edifice was built in 1850 about 100 yards south of the cemetery. In 1926 the church was moved to its present location at Wilson Lane . . . Map (db m78047) HM
24Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Col. Guilford Dudley BaileyThe Fallen Union Officer for Whom the Battery Was Named
On Elliott Road, 0.4 miles west of Ashfield Road, on the right when traveling west.
Born June 4, 1834, in Martinsburg, New York, this 1856 West Point graduate returned to his alma mater as an instructor following a tour of duty in the west and midwest. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Bailey organized the First New York Light . . . Map (db m17695) HM
25Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Defending the City of Washington
Near Elliott Road, 0.4 miles west of Ashfield Road, on the right when traveling west.
During the Civil War between 1861 and 1865, the Army of the Potomac had a two-fold mission: to defeat the Confederate Army and to defend the City of Washington against enemy attack. To prepare for the possibility of enemy attack, military . . . Map (db m174638) HM
26Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Five Points, historic crossroads
On Old Georgetown Road (Maryland Route 187) at Wisconsin Avenue (Maryland Route 355), on the right when traveling north on Old Georgetown Road.
This commemorative site known as "Five Points," has been used as a commercial crossroads for almost 300 years. Its name was derived from the old Indian trails which are now merged and identified as Edgemoor Lane, Wisconsin Avenue, East West Highway . . . Map (db m84) HM
27Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Fort Sumner
On Sangamore Road at Westpath Way, on the left when traveling north on Sangamore Road.
Forts Alexander, Ripley and Franklin, built to protect the Washington water system in 1861, were connected by earthworks in 1863 and renamed Ft. Sumner to honor Maj. Gen. Edwin V. Sumner, A hero of Antietam. The fort’s 28 cannon providea a . . . Map (db m3448) HM
28Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — From Trolley to TrailA Brief History
Near Glenbrook Road at Rugby Avenue.
After the Civil War, America's cities created new transportation systems that enabled them to prosper and grow. During this time, major rail lines were built to connect Washington, D.C. with other cities. Smaller electric streetcar or 'trolley' . . . Map (db m116775) HM
29Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Home of Samuel Wade Magruder1728-1792
Near Westlake Terrace, 0.1 miles west of Westlake Drive, on the left when traveling west.
Lieutenant of Volunteers French and Indian War, Magistrate of the 1st. court, Montg. Co. MD. 1777 Major of Maryland Battalion Member of Committee to effect resolutions of first Continental Congress.Map (db m72752) HM
30Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — In Loving Memory of Robert W. LeblingHusband | Father | WWII Captain | Community Leader | Executive — 1923 - 2000 —
On Old Georgetown Road (Maryland Route 187) at Wisconsin Avenue (Maryland Route 355), on the left when traveling north on Old Georgetown Road.
Robert W. Lebling gave to the community with passion, just as he loved his family and friends. Highly respected for his civic and business leadership, Mr. Lebling served on numerous boards and committees for the economic betterment of Bethesda. . . . Map (db m85) HM
31Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Inlet LocksChesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Towpath, on the right when traveling south.
Seven dams and one steam pump were built along the river to funnel water into the canal. In times of drought or low water, usually during the height of summer, river levels dropped dramatically. The canal could not get enough water from the river . . . Map (db m136925) HM
32Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Lockhouse 6Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On Clara Barton Parkway.
From its inception the vision of the C&O Canal has evolved, constantly finding ways to be relevant. Built in 1829, Lockhouse 6 stands a mile upstream from Little Falls, site of the canal's July 4th groundbreaking the previous year. Lockhouse 6 . . . Map (db m112119) HM
33Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Locust Grove
On Old Georgetown Road (Maryland Route 187) just east of Fairmont Avenue, on the right when traveling east.
Locust Grove, the home of Lucy Beall, daughter of George, and of her husband Samuel Wade Magruder, a local leader in the Revolutionary War, was built around 1770. Located near Montgomery Mall Shopping Plaza (at the intersection of Westlake . . . Map (db m72958) HM
34Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Looking North up Wisconsin Avenue at Old Georgetown Road in 1940
Near Arlington Road north of Edgemoor Lane, on the right when traveling north.
Looking north up Wisconsin Avenue at Old Georgetown Road in 1940. The Bank of Bethesda building, now Crestar Bank, is to the left. The sign to the right announces that the Hot Shoppe was coming soon — it opened in January, 1941. Behind the . . . Map (db m129431) HM
35Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Loughborough Mill
On Capital Crescent Trail, 0.4 miles south of River Road (Maryland Route 190), on the left when traveling south.
Nathan Loughborough came to Washington around 1800 from Philadelphia seeking a federal position when the seat of government moved from that city. Loughborough, active businessman, civic and military leader, served as Comptroller of the Treasury . . . Map (db m185528) HM
36Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Loughborough Mill
On Capital Crescent Trail, 0.4 miles south of River Road (Maryland Route 190), on the left when traveling south.
In the early 1800s, Nathan Loughborough moved from Philadelphia to Washington and purchased the 250 acre estate, Milton c.1820. Believed to be the oldest standing house in the area, the original wing was built in the eighteenth century of granite, a . . . Map (db m185529) HM
37Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — 12 — Madonna of the Trail
On Wisconsin Avenue (Maryland Route 355) at Montgomery Lane, on the right when traveling south on Wisconsin Avenue.
(East Face) N.S.D.A.R. Memorial to the Pioneer Mothers of the Covered Wagon Days. (North Face) This the first military road in America beginning at Rock Creek and Potomac River, Georgetown, Maryland, leading our pioneers . . . Map (db m167133) HM
38Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Moreland
On Moorland Lane, 0.1 miles north of Wilson Lane (Maryland Route 188), on the left when traveling north.
This property is listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m137995) HM
39Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — National Naval Medical Center — [Walter Reed National Military Medical Center] —
On Wood Road, 0.6 miles north of Rockville Pike (Maryland Route 355), on the right when traveling east.
Panel at main entrance: National Naval Medical Center Tower and View has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Cornerstone inscription at main entrance, north . . . Map (db m70906) HM
40Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — National Naval Medical Center in the 1940’s
On Wood Road (Maryland Route 355) 0.6 miles north of Rockville Pike (Maryland Route 355).
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt selected this site on July 5, 1938. At the time, the site was a cabbage patch on a run down farm. This property was originally part of the “Clagetts’ Purchase” recorded in 1715. The original 772 acre tract has . . . Map (db m61969) HM WM
41Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Neal Potter Plazaat the Capital Crescent Trail
On Capital Crescent Trail, 0.1 miles north of River Road (Maryland Route 190), on the left when traveling north.
Neal Potter was a model public citizen, economist, and lifetime advocate for world peace, human rights, and responsible government. As a Montgomery County citizen, County Councilmember (1970-1990 and 1994-1998), and County Executive . . . Map (db m182161) HM
42Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Neal Potter Plazaat the Capital Crescent Trail
On Capital Crescent Trail, 0.1 miles north of River Road (Maryland Route 190), on the left.
Neal Potter Neal Potter was a model public citizen, an economist, and a lifelong advocate for world peace, human rights, and responsible government. As a Montgomery County citizen and Councilmember and Montgomery County Executive, he . . . Map (db m182165) HM
43Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Old Georgetown Road
Near Old Georgetown Road (Maryland Route 187) just east of Arlington Road, on the right when traveling east.
Part of Old Georgetown Road Was once an Indian trail going from what is now Wisconsin Avenue to the Potomac River. In 1806, The Maryland Assembly created the Washington Turnpike Company to improve the Georgetown-Frederick Road.Map (db m73385) HM
44Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Old Georgetown Road
On Moorland Lane east of Arlington Road, on the left when traveling west.
Old Georgetown Road looking west, in the years just before World War II. Edgemoor Lane intersects — at the left. The Acme Market, a grocery store, is in the center of the picture.Map (db m129432) HM
45Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — NW5 — Original Federal Boundary Stone, District of Columbia, Northwest 5
Near Westwood Drive west of Wetherill Road, on the left when traveling west.
Original Federal Boundary Stone District of Columbia Placed 1791 - 1792 Protected by John Hall Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution 1916Map (db m154768) HM
46Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Original Federal Boundary Stone, District of Columbia, Northwest 6The District of Columbia Boundary Stones
On Western Avenue east of Park Avenue, on the right when traveling west.
In 1790, Congress authorized the establishment of a territory 10 miles square on the Potomac River to be the Capital of the United States. It was President Washington's recommendation to use land on both sides of the river. Surveyor Andrew Ellicott, . . . Map (db m154770) HM
47Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicated the NIH Bethesda campus on this site, October 31, 1940
On Center Drive, 0.1 miles south of South Drive, on the right when traveling south.
"The National Institute of Health speaks the universal language of humanitarianism. It has been devoted throughout its long and distinguished history to furthering the health of all mankind....In dedicating this Institute, I dedicate it to the . . . Map (db m67765) HM
48Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Raven and the Sun
Near Wisconsin Avenue (Route 355) 0.1 miles south of Center Drive, on the right when traveling south.
The carvings on this bench depict a story from the Salish people of the northwestern United States and British Columbia, Canada. The story explains how Raven delivered the sun, moon, stars, and fire to humanity. These treasures are necessary for . . . Map (db m77864) HM
49Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Tennallytown and Rockville Railroad
Near Old Georgetown Road (Maryland Route 187) just east of Arlington Road, on the right when traveling east.
In 1890, the Tennallytown and Rockville Railroad ran along Old Georgetown Road to Bethesda Park, a favorite amusement spot in the area. The park entrance was located on the corner of what is now Old Georgetown Road and Sonoma Road.Map (db m73284) HM
50Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — The Bank of Bethesda Building
On Moorland Lane west of Old Georgetown Road (Maryland Route 187), on the right when traveling east.
The Bank of Bethesda building, now Crestar Bank, as it looked in the 1940's. The bank was established in 1919. This structure was built in 1926, with an addition in 1940, and is constructed of locally-quarried stone.Map (db m129433) HM
51Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — The Centennial AnchorOctober 16, 1987
On South Drive at Center Drive, on the right when traveling west on South Drive.
This centennial anchor, originally from a Coast Guard cutter, rested for many years in front of the Staten Island Marine Hospital where the National Institutes of Health began in 1887 with the founding of the Hygienic Laboratory. It was presented to . . . Map (db m69105) HM
52Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — The Church that Named a Community
On Rockville Pike (Maryland Route 355) 0.6 miles south of Elsmere Avenue.
The Church that Named a Community was built on this site in 1820 and called Bethesda House of Mercy The entire district came to be called by that name. The community of Bethesda is known the world over as a center of . . . Map (db m77895) HM
53Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — The Class of 1970 Honors Its Distinctive ‘Dome•icile’An All-Purpose Auditorium Accommodating Athletics, Activities, Assemblies & the Arts
Near Whittier Boulevard at Braeburn Parkway, on the right when traveling south.
Genesis: In 1960, a tidal wave of Baby Boomers approached high school age—creating a classroom shortage in Bethesda. The western suburbs along River Road needed a high school of their own. With 'design innovation the goal,' the . . . Map (db m206965) HM
54Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — The Dalecarlia Tunnel
On Capital Crescent Trail, 1.7 miles south of River Road (Maryland Route 190), on the right when traveling south.
In the nineteenth century, boats along the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal transported coal from Cumberland, Maryland to Georgetown in the District of Columbia. By the early twentieth century, trains had replaced boats as a means of transportation and . . . Map (db m185532) HM
55Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — The First Building for the Bethesda Fire Department
On Arlington Road north of Edgemoor Lane, on the right when traveling north.
The first building for the Bethesda Fire Department, which is shown here, was located at 7620 Old Georgetown Road. It was built in 1926 and an addition was completed in 1931. The photograph was taken in the 1940's.Map (db m129430) HM
56Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — The Georgetown Branch Railroad
Near Bethesda Avenue at Woodmont Avenue, on the right when traveling east.
The Capital Crescent Trail follows the route of an old railroad line called the Georgetown Branch of the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O). It's all that remains of an unrealized attempt by the B&O to construct a major rail link between the . . . Map (db m83) HM
57Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — The Georgetown Branch Railroad
Near Capital Crescent Trail, 1.9 miles south of River Road (Maryland Route 190), on the left when traveling south.
The Capital Crescent Trail follows the route of an old railroad line called the Georgetown Branch of the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O). It's all that remains of an unrealized attempt by the B&O to construct a major rail link between the . . . Map (db m185530) HM
58Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — The Louis Stokes Laboratories
Near Center Drive just south of South Drive, on the right when traveling south.
By Act of Congress This building is designated as the (sic) The Louis Stokes Laboratories Congressman Louis Stokes served as a distinguished member of the United States Congress for 30 years, representing his native state of Ohio. He was . . . Map (db m68454) HM
59Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — The Mary Woodard Lasker Center for Health Research and Education
On Cloister Drive just south of Center Drive, on the right when traveling south.
Mary Woodward Lasker (1900-1994), with her husband Albert, founded the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation in 1942 to deepen the national commitment to medical science, and to raise awareness of extraordinary basic and clinical research discoveries . . . Map (db m73073) HM
60Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — The Walter Reed Memorial
Near Palmer Road, 0.2 miles east of Wood Road.
The 1903 Walter Reed Memorial Association's vision for a memorial in honor of Major Walter Reed was finally realized on 21 November 1966 on the ground of the Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington DC. After the center's closure on 15 September . . . Map (db m75846) HM
61Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — The Washington and Glen Echo Railroad
Near River Road (Maryland Route 190) west of Willard Avenue, on the right when traveling west.
From 1891 to 1900, the Glen Echo Railroad Company, later known as the Washington and Glen Echo Railroad, operated a trolley line through what is now Willard Avenue Park. This line comprised part of a series of interconnecting systems that provided . . . Map (db m126644) HM
62Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — This Complex of Buildings and Gardens
Near Old Georgetown Road (Maryland Route 187) just west of Moorland Lane, on the left when traveling west.
This complex of buildings and gardens stands on part of the land associated with Descendants of Ninian Beall, who came to Maryland in 1650. His son George reputedly gave his name to Georgetown which in 1752 was carved out of property he owned.Map (db m73142) HM
63Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Tree of HippocratesPlantanus Orientalis
On Center Drive at NIH Gateway Drive, on the right when traveling west on Center Drive. Reported missing.
From the Greek Island of Cos, Hippocrates is said to have held classes under the parent tree. The cutting for this tree is a gift the town of Cos presented to the National Library of Medicine at the dedication of its new building.Map (db m62940) HM
64Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Tree of HippocratesPlatanus Orientalis
Near Rockville Pike (Maryland Route 355) 0.1 miles south of Center Drive, on the right when traveling south.
From the Greek Island of Cos, Hippocrates is said to have held classes under the parent tree. The gift Tree was presented by the town of Cos to the National Library of Medicine at the dedication of its new building on December 14, 1961. This . . . Map (db m73312) HM
65Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Tree of HippocratesPlatanus Orientalis
Near Center Drive, 0.3 miles east of Convent Drive, on the right when traveling east.
From the Greek Island of Cos, Hippocrates is said to have held classes under the parent tree. The gift Tree was presented by the town of Cos to the National Library of Medicine at the dedication of its new building on December 14, 1961. This . . . Map (db m74964) HM
66Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Tree Planting Ceremony
Near Whittier Boulevard north of Braeburn Parkway, on the right when traveling south.
This Korean cherry tree was planted to celebrate the sister school relationship between Walt Whitman High School (WWHS) and Seoul High School (SHS), Seoul Korea with the SHS visitors at WWHS on February 9, 2009. The Sister School . . . Map (db m206961) HM
67Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Veterans Memorial
On Woodmont Avenue at Norfolk Avenue, on the left when traveling north on Woodmont Avenue.
★ ★ ★ ★ This memorial is dedicated to those men and women of Bethesda-Chevy Chase area who gave their lives in the defense of our country. World War I • World War II • Korean War • Vietnam War • The Gulf . . . Map (db m145229) WM
68Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Walter Johnson
On Rock Spring Drive just west of Old Georgetown Road (Maryland Route 187), on the right when traveling west.
. . . Map (db m84499) HM
69Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Walter Johnson House
Near Old Georgetown Road (Maryland Route 187) just north of Oakmont Avenue, on the right when traveling south.
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m84498) HM
70Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — Walter Reed MonumentHealing Plaza — Walter Reed National Military Medical Center —
On Palmer Road North, 0.2 miles east of Wood Road, on the right when traveling east.
Text inscribed on north face of monument: Walter Reed 1851 - 1902 Bacteriologist Research Scientist In honor of his great work in the fight for the eradication of yellow fever Text inscribed on south face of monument: . . . Map (db m68989) HM
71Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — We Drivers!
On Bethesda Avenue just west of Woodmont Avenue, on the left when traveling west.
By the mid-20th century, Bethesda offered "101 services which a thriving suburban community needs." In the downtown commercial district, savvy shoppers found specialized shops, department stores, movie theaters, florists, medical offices, . . . Map (db m174034) HM
72Maryland, Montgomery County, Bethesda — What is a Battery?
Near Elliott Road, 0.4 miles west of Ashfield Road, on the right when traveling west.
Battery - a fortification formed by moving earth or other materials into hill-like formations to protect artillery, having the following components: Parapet - an elevation of earth that protects soldiers from attack. Terreplain . . . Map (db m174636) HM
73Maryland, Montgomery County, Boyds — Black Hill Gold Mine
Near Lake Ridge Drive, 0.1 miles north of Lake Ridge Drive, on the left when traveling north.
Several pits for the mining of gold formerly existed in Black Hill Regional Park. A result of gold mining fever in Montgomery County between 1850 and 1950. In this open pit extraction site, miners used simple picks and shovels. Ore containing gold . . . Map (db m67980) HM
74Maryland, Montgomery County, Boyds — To Honor the Memory of George A, (Jay) Chadwick Jr.November 20, 1911 - July 20, 2001
On Lake Ridge Drive just north of Lake Ridge Drive, on the left when traveling north.
In 1946 Mr. George A. (Jay) Chadwick, Jr. bought the Gold Mine Farm which now makes up a large part of Black Hill Regional Park. He cleared the property of brush and Fieldstone for a dairy farm which was operated for many years. This beautiful stone . . . Map (db m90477) HM
75Maryland, Montgomery County, Boyds — Welcome to our Earthbench
On Lake Ridge Drive, 0.7 miles south of Black Hills Road, on the right when traveling south.
Our Black Hill community built this Earthbench. It was made entirely out of recycled and repurposed materials, and earth. It symbolizes the need for a more sustainable, and peaceful world. Please treat it gently! During the fall of 2014, 263 . . . Map (db m199420) HM
76Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — A RefugeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On High Street (Maryland Route 97) just south of Market Street, on the right when traveling north.
Many Washington residents fleeing the British invasion in August 1814 converged on this quiet village. Brookeville also provided a haven for hungry soldiers as they headed for Baltimore following the American Defeat at Bladensburg. . . . Map (db m76403) HM
77Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — August 26, 1814
On High Street (Maryland Route 97) just south of Market Street, on the right when traveling north.
In this village President Madison and members of his official family found refuge in the home of Caleb Bentley, first Postmaster of Brookeville, following the burning of the Capitol and the White House by the British army. Many other refugees from . . . Map (db m363) HM
78Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Bentley HouseUnited States Capital for a Day — War of 1812 Bicentennial Brookeville, Maryland —
On Market Street, 0.1 miles east of North Street, on the left when traveling east.
Erected in ca. 1798, the Federal style Bentley House was the first substantial structure to be built in Brookeville. In 1814 it was the home of Caleb and Henrietta Bentley. Caleb was the town's first postmaster and merchant, and the house includes . . . Map (db m76398) HM
79Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Briggs HouseWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
On Market Street east of South Street, on the right when traveling east.
The Briggs House was built in 1803 for Hannah Brooke Briggs and her husband Isaac Briggs, who were still living here in 1814. The Briggses also owned a house and farm known as Sharon in Sandy Spring. Hannah, a devout Quaker, married Isaac Briggs in . . . Map (db m128850) HM
80Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Brighton Azalea Garden
On Brighton Dam Road.
Established in 1962 by the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission, the Brighton Azalea Garden is the largest and most unique assortment of azaleas and native dogwood trees in Maryland. Paul H. Hancock, former WSSC Watershed Manager, developed the . . . Map (db m211887) HM
81Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — BrookevillePrisoners Paroled — Gettysburg Campaign —
On High Street (Maryland Route 97) just south of Market Street (Maryland Route 97), on the right when traveling north.
On June 28, 1863, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart left Rockville with three cavalry brigades, 125 captured Union supply wagons, and more than 400 military and civilian prisoners, arriving in Brookeville that night. At every opportunity, prisoners . . . Map (db m366) HM
82Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Brookeville AcademyWar of 1812 Bicentennial — Brookeville, Maryland —
On High Street (Maryland Route 97) south of Market Street, on the right when traveling north.
The Brookeville Academy was founded in 1810 by the town's leading citizens and built largely with donated materials. The building began as a one-story structure that was raised to two stories in 1834. The Academy provided a well-rounded education to . . . Map (db m114387) HM
83Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Brookeville Angel
Near High Street (Maryland Route 97) just south of Market Street, on the right when traveling north.
Sculptor Stefan Saal created the Brookeville Angel over a three-month period in 1994 from a white oak tree (Quercus alba) located on the east side of Georgia Avenue (Rt. #97) south of town. "Father Don" (Donald Van Alstyne) of the Marian Fathers . . . Map (db m368) HM
84Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Brookeville Schoolhouse
On North Street, 0.1 miles north of Market Street, on the left when traveling north. Reported permanently removed.
The Brookville Schoolhouse sits upon land purchased for $300 in 1865, four years after the Maryland General Assembly established the Montgomery County public school system. At some subsequent point, the school began operation as a traditional . . . Map (db m114395) HM
85Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — EltonBirthplace of Ridgely Brown, CSA — 1833-1864 —
On Georgia Avenue (Maryland Route 97) 0.1 miles north of Damascus Road (Maryland Route 650), on the left when traveling north.
May 15, 1862, with seventeen young Marylanders he organized First Maryland cavalry. He served consistently and gallantly, rising from Private to Lt. Colonel. Killed at South Anna River, Virginia, June 1, 1864.Map (db m362) HM
86Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Gassaway HouseWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
On Market Street north of Georgia Avenue (Maryland Route 97), on the right when traveling north.
The Gassaway House was built about 1804 for Samuel and Anne Leeke. Brice John Gassaway purchased it in 1812 and he and his wife Dinah and two of their seven grown children were living here in 1814. Brice, a retired gentleman farmer from western Anne . . . Map (db m114392) HM
87Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Historic Brookeville
On Brighton Dam Road at Market Street, on the left when traveling east on Brighton Dam Road.
Welcome to Historic Brookeville Founded 1794 United States Capitol for a Day August 26, 1814. Incorporated 1808 Map (db m3565) HM
88Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Howard Chapel Cemetery
On Howard Chapel Road just north of Elton Farm Road, on the right when traveling south.
The burial ground of the ancestors of the original African American community of Howard Chapel 1862Map (db m188493) HM
89Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — In This House
On Market Street, 0.1 miles east of North Street, on the left when traveling east.
In this house August 26-27 1814 President James Madison and Richard Rush Attorney General • were sheltered after the burning by the British of the public buildings at Washington August 24-25, . . . Map (db m364) HM
90Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Madison House
On Market Street, 0.1 miles east of North Street, on the left when traveling east.
On August 26, 1814 this house provided shelter for President Madison and his official party during the British burning of the federal buildings in Washington, D.C. in the War of 1812. The following day, August 27th, the Secretary of State . . . Map (db m365) HM
91Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Margaret Brooke HouseWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
On Market Street (Maryland Route 97) at Water Street, on the right when traveling west on Market Street.
One of the four federal style masonry houses that were standing in Brookeville in 1814, this house was built by real estate investor Caleb Pancoast about 1806 and sold shortly thereafter. In 1814 it was home of Margaret Brooke, the unmarried sister . . . Map (db m114388) HM
92Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Mill Worker's CottageBrookeville, Maryland — United States Capital for a Day —
On Brighton Dam Road just east of Market Street, on the right when traveling east.
The Mill Worker's Cottage was one of three such structures built in the 1790s by town founder Richard Thomas to attract mill hands and other skilled workers to Brookeville. Like the Miller's Cottage across the street, it is banked into the hillside . . . Map (db m188494) HM
93Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Mills in the Upcounty
Near Zion Road south of Sundown Road, on the right when traveling north.
The streams of Montgomery County's Piedmont Region run faster and deeper than those of the Coastal Plain. Steam power fueled the early industrial age in Montgomery County in the late-18th and 19th centuries. Mills along the Hawlings River stream . . . Map (db m114415) HM
94Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Murphy HouseWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
On Market Street (Maryland Route 97) west of Water Street, on the right when traveling north.
Greenbury Murphy, Brookeville's first blacksmith, built this exceptionally fine Federal style house about 1807, financing its construction and that of a blacksmith shop with a mortgage from local merchant Caleb Bentley. The brick house, a . . . Map (db m114389) HM
95Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Newlin’s Mill
On Georgia Avenue (Maryland Route 97) at Brookeville Road, on the right when traveling south on Georgia Avenue.
In 1800, Thomas Moore, Jr. and his wife, Mary Brooke Moore sold to David Newlin four acres inherited from Mrs. Moore's father, Roger Brooke IV, described as "standing below Newlin's Mill dam". Initially, Newlin operated an oil mill on this site, . . . Map (db m369) HM
96Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Newlin’s Mill Millstone
Near High Street (Maryland Route 97) south of Market Street, on the right when traveling north.
Newlin's Mill was located on the west side of Brookeville in the vicinity of Brookeville Road and Market Street (Route 97) and was operated from the early 19th century to the early 20th century. This versatile mill sawed lumber, pressed oil from . . . Map (db m367) HM
97Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Oakley Cabin
On Brookeville Road, 0.3 miles east of Grayhaven Manor Road, on the right when traveling east.
This log structure, acquired as part of Reddy Branch Stream Valley Park, was once part of Oakley Farm. Built before or just after emancipation, the cabin is representative of slave or tenant housing and is a rare surviving example. Reddy Branch, . . . Map (db m5415) HM
98Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — Our Agricultural Heritage
Near Zion Road south of Sundown Road, on the right when traveling north.
Until World War II, Montgomery County's economy and landscape were primarily agricultural. The American Indian tribes of the county grew corn, squash, and beans on their villages near streams. The earliest settlers from Europe grew tobacco for . . . Map (db m114417) HM
99Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — The Miller's CottageUnited States Capital for a Day — War of 1812 Bicentennial Brookeville, Maryland —
On Market Street, 0.1 miles east of North Street, on the left when traveling east.
Known as the Miller's House, this modest stone structure was likely built by the town's founder Richard Thomas, Jr. in the 1790s for the operator of his mill, which stood adjacent to this house, along Reedy Branch of the Hawlings River. The house . . . Map (db m76416) HM
100Maryland, Montgomery County, Brookeville — The Moore CottageWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
On Market Street (Maryland Route 97) west of Water Street, on the right when traveling north.
The Moore built this worker's cottage, probably in the late 1790s. Moore was married to Mary Brooke, one of Deborah Thomas's sisters, and the Moores lived on a farm adjacent to Brookeville. Moore was a farmer, inventor, engineer and entrepreneur who . . . Map (db m114390) HM

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Feb. 3, 2023