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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Keweenaw County, Michigan

 
Clickable Map of Keweenaw County, Michigan and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Keweenaw County, MI (36) Alger County, MI (6) Houghton County, MI (19) Marquette County, MI (14) Ontonagon County, MI (0) Cook County, MN (11)  KeweenawCounty(36) Keweenaw County (36)  AlgerCounty(6) Alger County (6)  HoughtonCounty(19) Houghton County (19)  MarquetteCounty(14) Marquette County (14)  OntonagonCounty(0) Ontonagon County (0)  CookCountyMinnesota(11) Cook County (11)
Adjacent to Keweenaw County, Michigan
    Alger County (6)
    Houghton County (19)
    Marquette County (14)
    Ontonagon County (0)
    Cook County, Minnesota (11)
    Thunder Bay District, Ontario (26)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Michigan (Keweenaw County), Copper Harbor — "A Rallying Point for Copper Adventurers"
”We embarked on the… schooner Swallow… [and] at the end of the seven days from the Sault sighted Copper Harbor, the most important and best known point on Lake Superior.” A Pioneer, 1846 By the mid-1840s Copper . . . Map (db m153811) HM
2Michigan (Keweenaw County), Copper Harbor — "The Astor will never leave Copper Harbor."
It is my painful duty to inform you of the loss of the Brig Astor… Her keel is badly broken [and] her rudder broke in two. Captain Benjamin Stannard September 27, 1844 On Friday, September 20, 1844, the John Jacob . . . Map (db m153600) HM
3Michigan (Keweenaw County), Copper Harbor — "You will call her the John Jacob Astor."
"The finest vessel afloat" In 1835, two years before the Territory of Michigan becomes a state, the American Fur Company builds a small schooner at Sault Ste. Marie and launches it on Lake Superior. The boat is called “the finest vessel . . . Map (db m153599) HM
4Michigan (Keweenaw County), Copper Harbor — Connecting with WildernessThree kinds of corridors make Brockway Mountain a natural high
A Favorite Drive Brockway Mountain Drive is one of the Copper Country's most popular driving attractions. In winter, it is also a favorite destination for snowmobilers and skiers. Built during the Great Depression, this road reflected a larger . . . Map (db m153989) HM
5Michigan (Keweenaw County), Copper Harbor — Copper Harbor
Early in 1843 the U.S. War Department built the “Government House” and established a Federal Land Agency on Porter’s Island – the small narrow island lying just off shore. Prospectors found small deposits of copper ore and native . . . Map (db m152893) HM
6Michigan (Keweenaw County), Copper Harbor — Corridor to the WorldWild, cold, and untamable, Lake Superior is also a working waterway
Lake Superior is famous for its wild beauty and extreme weather, but it's also a busy maritime corridor. There are many types of boats that frequent the waters around the Keweenaw Peninsula. Chances are you can see a ship right now. What's on . . . Map (db m153998) HM
7Michigan (Keweenaw County), Copper Harbor — Fort Wilkins State Park and Historic Complex
The influx of miners and speculators caused concern about the lack of law and order in the region. So in March 1844, Secretary of War, William Wilkins, dispatched two companies of infantry to build and occupy a fort, that bears his name, one mile . . . Map (db m152892) HM
8Michigan (Keweenaw County), Copper Harbor — Isle Royale National Park
Isle Royale is an archipelago comprising more than 200 islands 45 miles north of Keweenaw County. The main island is the largest in Lake Superior, 45 miles long and 9 miles wide. There are 70 lakes on Isle Royale, the largest, Siskiwit Lake. Rock . . . Map (db m152894) HM
9Michigan (Keweenaw County), Copper Harbor — Life on the Astor
Market demand drives the cost of Lake passage. In 1844, cabin passengers aboard the Astor pay $10 to travel from Sault Ste. Marie to Copper Harbor (about $210 today). Conditions are cramped, dirty and made worse by rough seas. ”Too . . . Map (db m153778) HM
10Michigan (Keweenaw County), Copper Harbor — Shipwreck
Near this site in September 1844, the John Jacob Astor was driven upon the rocks by gale-swept seas. Every assistance was rendered by the officers and men of Fort Wilkins. They kept up fires as nigh the Shore as they could… and watched . . . Map (db m153810) HM
11Michigan (Keweenaw County), Copper Harbor — The Beginning of U.S. 41Byron Muljo Memorial Sign
Early Indian footpaths became the trails for explorers, missionaries and fur traders, who came to carve out homes in Michigan’s wilderness. The early settlers began to widen and improve these trails, which became the majority of Michigan’s primary . . . Map (db m152799) HM
12Michigan (Keweenaw County), Copper Harbor — The Copper Country
An ancient vanished race mined native copper hundreds of years ago in countless pits and trenches scattered among the hills from Copper Harbor to Ontonagon and on Isle Royale. The explorer, Jacques Cartier, reported in 1536 that Indians on the St. . . . Map (db m154000) HM
13Michigan (Keweenaw County), Copper Harbor — The Copper Harbor Lighthouse
The discovery of copper and dangers of navigation created a demand for lighthouses on Lake Superior. Built in 1848 and replaced by the present structure in the 1860s, the Copper Harbor lighthouse was among the first beacons on Lake Superior. Now . . . Map (db m153808) HM
14Michigan (Keweenaw County), Copper Harbor — The Estivant PinesMichigan’s Largest Virgin White Pine Forest
When white settlers arrived in Michigan, vast stands of old growth white pine covered the land. Much of the state's initial prosperity relied on processing these trees into useful lumber. Have you ever wondered what it would be like to walk among . . . Map (db m153788) HM
15Michigan (Keweenaw County), Copper Harbor — Tracing the StoryAmerica's Industrial Copper story begins here
For thousands of years, the view from here was of a densely forested landscape. American Indians hunted, fished, and collected copper for centuries. But in 1843, the Keweenaw mining rush was on, and everything changed. Sheltered by Porters . . . Map (db m153991) HM
16Michigan (Keweenaw County), Copper Harbor — Wired for Light & SoundKeweenaw copper transformed American industry and lifestyles
Take one rift valley enriched by the largest deposit of native copper on Earth. Add a handful of 19th-century American ingenuity and industry. Watch America light up as copper wire from Keweenaw mines powers the "electrical revolution" across . . . Map (db m153997) HM
17Michigan (Keweenaw County), Delaware — The Delaware MineA Promise of Prosperity Unfulfilled
The Delaware mine was a failure, but it wasn't for lack of trying. Spurred on by the great success of the nearby Cliff and Central mines, the Northwest Company, the Pennsylvania Mining Company, the Delaware Mining Company, the Conglomerate Mining . . . Map (db m153983) HM
18Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle Harbor — Eagle Harbor
Horace Greeley landed on June 15, 1847. He came on the Independence, the first propeller boat on Lake Superior. It had a maximum speed of 5 miles per hour. That night, Greeley reported, the harbor was frozen over for some distance from shore. There . . . Map (db m76313) HM
19Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle Harbor — Eagle Harbor Entrance Channel and Range Lights
Eagle Harbor was an important port of refuge on this North Shore of the Keweenaw Peninsula during the last half of the nineteenth century. Settlers, speculators and miners arrived at the two docks, and large boats were loaded with unprocessed . . . Map (db m153140) HM
20Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle Harbor — L2046 — Eagle Harbor House
Built by the Eagle Harbor Mining Company in 1845, Eagle Harbor House opened to boarders and travelers in 1846, the beginning of the Keweenaw copper rush. It is the last remaining log building of the first four in Eagle Harbor. In 1852 German . . . Map (db m106232) HM
21Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle Harbor — Eagle Harbor Lighthouse and Museums
In the mid-19th century, when roads to this area were almost non-existent, the infant community of Eagle Harbor saw a dramatic increase in waterborne commerce, including incoming settlers and supplies and outgoing shipments of copper and logs. Lake . . . Map (db m152900) HM
22Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle Harbor — Fog Signal Building
A fog signal was installed in this building on November 30, 1895. Its purpose was to warn mariners of rock and reef along this treacherous Lake Superior coast. The invaluable signal was activated during periods of fog when the light in the tower was . . . Map (db m153149) HM
23Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle Harbor — Iron-Stock Anchor
This anchor, weighing approximately 3,000 pounds, was snagged in Bete Gris by the lake carrier "John G. Munson" operated by the U.S. Steel Company. It became entangled in the Munson's anchor line in October, 1983. The anchor, along with about 250 . . . Map (db m152797) HM
24Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle Harbor — Lake Superior
Lake Superior was discovered in 1629 by the French explorer Brule. Largest expanse of fresh water in the world. The water of Lake Superior is chemically pure. Area 31,800 sq. miles; 1500 miles of coast; greatest length, 350 miles; greatest breadth, . . . Map (db m152798) HM
25Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle Harbor — Michigan DNR Marina
A U.S. Life Saving Service Station was established directly across the harbor entrance from this Light Station in 1912. The well trained, locally recruited crew accomplished many heroic rescues on stormy Lake Superior complementing the light and fog . . . Map (db m153056) HM
26Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle Harbor — Riveted Bell Buoy
Old style bell buoy minus the bell. Eight feet wide and thirteen feet tall. Approximately 50,000 pounds. Similar to the more modern bell buoy that can be seen about 300 yards offshore from the Maritime Museum. The bell buoy warns of dangerous . . . Map (db m152885) HM
27Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle Harbor — The Eagle Harbor General Store
The Eagle Harbor General Store was established by John, Michael and Martin Foley and Michael Smith in 1861, the year Lincoln became President. Martin Foley eventually became shopkeeper in another Foley general store in Red Jacket (Calumet) and . . . Map (db m152796) HM
28Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle Harbor — Wood-Stock Anchor
The "common anchor" of the Great Lakes. This style of anchor was used from the time of earliest lake navigation until 1890. The wooden stock is split to receive the shank, then bolted to close and secure. This anchor was discovered about two miles . . . Map (db m152876) HM
29Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle River — S740 — Douglass Houghton
(side one) Douglass Houghton, Michigan’s first State Geologist, was born in Troy, New York, on September 21, 1809. He studied under Amos Eaton at the Van Renssaeler Polytechnic School in Troy. In 1828 he graduated and became a professor of . . . Map (db m152744) HM
30Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle River — Douglass HoughtonMichigan's First State Geologist
In Memory of Douglass Houghton Michigan’s first State Geologist Born Sept. 21, 1809 Drowned in Lake Superior off Eagle River, Oct. 13, 1845 Erected by the Keweenaw Historical Society the Home Fortnightly Club the Women’s Clubs and the . . . Map (db m152748) HM
31Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle River — Eagle River
First settled in the early 1840’s by prospectors looking for copper deposits. Was later the shipping port for the famous Cliff and other nearby copper mines, and was very active in the 1850’s. In 1855 there were two breweries, 32 saloons, and three . . . Map (db m152746) HM
32Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle River — Joseph Blight, Sr.
In memory of Joseph Blight, Sr. founder of the Original Lake Superior Safety Fuse Co. Established in 1862 at Eagle River, Michigan Erected 1938Map (db m152749) HM
33Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle River — S0613 — Lake Shore Drive Bridge / Eagle River
Lake Shore Drive Bridge. This bridge, completed in 1915, was one of two bridges erected simultaneously by the Michigan State Highway Department across the Eagle River. The second was located in nearby Phoenix. Prior to 1915 a Pratt through truss . . . Map (db m106210) HM
34Michigan (Keweenaw County), Gay — Gay Schoolhouse Historical Museum
A Part of Local History A few workers from Hebbard Lumber and Stone Company established a small lumbering community in the early 1880s. Nestled into the protected east shore of Keweenaw Peninsula, its population remained low, and by 1898, the . . . Map (db m153270) HM
35Michigan (Keweenaw County), Gay — Historic Town of Gay
Gay was established in 1901, when the Mohawk and Wolverine mining companies each built a stamp mill here to process copper ore from their mines. The area, once known for quarrying, lumbering, and fishing, developed into a booming mill town named for . . . Map (db m153268) HM
36Michigan (Keweenaw County), Mohawk — New Snowfall Record 390.4 Inches
During the winter of 1978-79 Keweenaw County established a new snowfall record by tabulating a seasonal total of 390.4 inches of snow. This could be a new record set in the U.S.A. for the entire area east of the Rockies. The monthly tabulations for . . . Map (db m152800) HM
 
May. 9, 2021