This 28 ton piece of magnetic taconite was removed from the Peter Mitchell Mine near the area where Peter Mitchell, in 1871, put down the first recorded test pit on the Mesabi Range. Pit location: 6,246 yards 40 degrees east of south from this . . . — — Map (db m207684) HM
On Saturday September 5, 1908 Chisholm was swept by a forest fire which destroyed the entire business district and left homeless some four thousand people
With the indomitable spirit of our citizens and generous help throughout the state . . . — — Map (db m203638) HM
The Pillsbury Mine on this site, part of the Monroe group of mines viewed from this lookout, was named for John S. Pillsbury, Governor of Minnesota and owner of the property when iron ore was discovered in 1893 by Edmund J. Longyear. Mining . . . — — Map (db m207753) HM
They toiled with purpose. These miners of ours... moving tons of iron ore for massive steel towers.
This devotion to a nation, they adopted as one, makes the heritage of the iron range foremost 'neath the sun.
The legend lives. They . . . — — Map (db m6756) HM
Texas artist Donna Dobberfuhl sculpted this freestanding brick relief mural as her interpretation of the history of Lake Superior's westernmost place. She chose to include historic and contemporary content, from the culture of indigenous people, . . . — — Map (db m204519) HM
Located down the steps on bricked Buchanan Street Plaza, adjacent to the kiosk, Harper's five medallions show the Great Lakes and the links that connect them. Flags from the nautical alphabet spell out the lakes' names. Can you identify them? . . . — — Map (db m204518) HM
Sterling Rathsack's animated grouping, while representing figures, also has the abstract form of a totem. Perched on an authentic bollard as you enter Canal Park, Man, Child & Gull welcomes you to explore the character of Duluth's downtown . . . — — Map (db m204520) HM
Kirk St. Maur's Spirit of Lake Superior celebrates the Anishinabe (Ojibwa, American Indian) culture.
The artist's interpretation is based on illustrations and photographs from the Minnesota Historical Society Archives, Eastman . . . — — Map (db m204516) HM
Hesperia, the name given to the Congdon's yacht, was a family name. Registered as a yacht in Lloyd's Register of American Yachts, 1911, the Hesperia was constructed of wood with a raised deck design. The boat was powered by an internal . . . — — Map (db m26552) HM
Very early Duluth felt that future growth
would depend on having suitable harbor and
dockage. Winter storms wrecked breakwater and docks built outside Minnesota Point. St. Louis Bay offered a protected harbor, but access required a canal be . . . — — Map (db m2913) HM
Deck capstans were used on sailing ships centuries ago to handle anchor lines on the heaviest of the ship's tackle. This cast iron geared capstan was recovered from the sunken schooner Samuel P. Ely at Two Harbors, Minnesota, where the ship sunk in . . . — — Map (db m79002) HM
An event has happened, upon which it is difficult to speak and impossible to remain silent.
Elias Clayton Elmer Jackson Isaac McGhie
On June 15, 1920, following the alleged rape of a young woman, Duluth police locked up a . . . — — Map (db m46978) HM
Clifton, first townsite surveyed in the United States section of the North Shore, was platted
west of the mouth of the French River in 1855. The river was known to early explorers
as Riviere des Francais. Rumors of nearby copper deposits resulted . . . — — Map (db m43766) HM
The near-by canal marks the site of Little Portage on Minnesota Point crossed on June 27, 1679 by Daniel De Gresolon, Sieur Du Lhut, a gentleman of the Royal Guard of Louis XIV on his way to explore the Upper Mississippi. — — Map (db m2876) HM
In recognition of his non-tiring commitment to the maritime community and service as Duluth Seaway Port Authority executive director for 24 years, 1979-2003.
A native of and lifelong resident of Northern Minnesota, Davis began his career as a . . . — — Map (db m5584) HM
Artist Richard Salews shows us a Great Lakes mariner steering his Mackinaw boat on a broad reach perhaps in the late 1800s. The 30-50 foot Mackinaws were used extensively on the lakes before steam and internal-combustion engines appeared. . . . — — Map (db m78875) HM
In 2005, a group of citizens from Duluth and Ohara (now Isumi City), Japan proposed to honor the Sister Cities relationships between our two cities by creating an authentic environment for the Peace Bell placed in Duluth's Enger Park in 1994. . . . — — Map (db m78732) HM
Completed in 1892
R.S. Peabody & J.G. Stearns
Listed in the National
Register of Historic Places
St. Louis County
St. Louis . . . — — Map (db m79051) HM
In 1946, Judge E. J. Ruegemer of St. Cloud, MN, who was also a leader in the Fraternal Order of the Eagles, sentenced a 16-year-old boy to memorize the Ten Commandments. This led to local chapters of the Eagles financing the construction of over . . . — — Map (db m204585) HM
Duluth-Superior harbor is the westernmost terminus of the St. Lawrence Seaway and the world's most inland seaport. Harbor commerce began when Daniel Greysolon Sieur Du Luht portaged across Minnesota Point in 1679 where the Duluth Aerial Lift Bridge . . . — — Map (db m4827) HM
This plaque is dedicated by the people of Duluth to the memory of a fellow citizen, Coast Guard Boatswains Mate First Class, Edgar A. Culbertson, who on the night of April 30, 1967 gave his life attempting to rescue three teen-age brothers stranded . . . — — Map (db m2758) HM
To the memory of
Bert J. Enger
1864 – 1931
Native of Norway
Citizen of Duluth
From Common Laborer to Merchant Prince, he demonstrated in his own life that America is a land of opportunity for the immigrant, and that her . . . — — Map (db m4807) HM
This piece of float copper was dredged from the Keweenaw Waterway, Michigan, by the hydraulic dredge "New Jersey"; on May 27, 1932, while working under contract with the United States Engineers Office, Duluth. It was presented to the office by . . . — — Map (db m78985) HM
Fond du Lac was incorporated in 1857 and became a part of the City of Duluth in 1895. This is the site of a major Chippewa Indian settlement from the sixteenth through the nineteenth centuries and is situated on the early canoe route along the St. . . . — — Map (db m43723) HM
Site of Ojibway Village
from earliest known period
Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Luth
was here in 1679
Astor's American Fur Company
established a trading post
on this spot about 1817
First Ojibway Treaty in Minnesota
made here in 1826 . . . — — Map (db m43725) HM
Campus Heritage Marker
University of Minnesota Duluth
Glensheen, A Family Legacy
Glensheen estate was built between 1905 and 1908 for attorney Chester Adgate Congdon, his wife Clara Bannister Congdon and their . . . — — Map (db m6603) HM
The first lighting was on November 20, 1970, made possible through the contributions of Duluth school children, citizens, business people and visitors.
The present dramatic lighting, first seen on July 4, 1987, is made possible through a . . . — — Map (db m2883) HM
This garden celebrates Duluth's sister city relationship with Ohara Isumi-City, Japan.
The Peace Bell
During World War II, the Japanese government instructed villages to donate metal to be melted down for ammunition. Ohara Isumi-City . . . — — Map (db m78731) HM
Perhaps no individual in the history of Duluth had such a dramatic influence on the port's infant development than Jay Cooke, a Philadelphia financier. Cooke's reign at the Head-of-the-Lakes was brief, but all-encompassing for commercial . . . — — Map (db m6379) HM
Discoverer of America
1000 A. D.
sponsored and erected by the
Norwegian American League
presented to the City of Duluth, Minnesota
August 25, 1956.
Designed . . . — — Map (db m6323) HM
Honoring Lewis G. Castle
in recognition of his part as a volunteer leader in gaining the seaway and as the administer of the St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation.
The seaway, completed in 1959, represented decades of dreams, . . . — — Map (db m2910) HM
Lynching in America
Thousands of African Americans were the victims of lynching and racial violence in the United States between 1877 and 1950, including in St. Louis County, MN. Lynching of African Americans during this era was a form of . . . — — Map (db m204590) HM
Unique apparatus invented by Duluth's Captain Alexander McDougall for use on his whaleback ships. About fifty appear to have been produced at the American Steelbarge Company Shipyard in Superior. This one was recovered in 1977 from the wreck of the . . . — — Map (db m79003) HM
The streets of this Duluth neighborhood are the first concrete pavements constructed in Minnesota. They were built of portland cement concrete in 1909 and 1910 and ushered in the era of modern roads and streets in the state. A distinctive feature of . . . — — Map (db m44081) HM
This Navy-style stockless anchor is the type used on all modern ships and, at 3 tons, it is typical of those carried on 8-10,000 ton freighters. A usual rule of thumb provides that a vessel's anchor chain should be three times the depth of the water . . . — — Map (db m79001) HM
This propeller wheel is typical of those used to drive Lakes freighters. It measures 14 feet 5 inches in diameter and weighs over 11 tons; being made of a special bronze alloy, its value exceeds 10,000 dollars. The propeller was removed from the . . . — — Map (db m78977) HM
Department of the Navy United States of America —
Navy Operational Support Center Duluth, Minnesota
May all who pass this memorial recognize the brave men and women who have served in the United States Navy. This memorial stands . . . — — Map (db m5818) HM
The following is a translation of the text found on the bell. This bell, The Japan-US Friendship Peace Bell, is a close replica of the bell displayed in Ohara Park in the town of Ohara, Chiba Japan. It was cast in commemoration of the Sister City . . . — — Map (db m78734) HM
Originally the area below was called Oneota, one of several early towns which survived to form modern Duluth. Oneota was the site of the first sawmill in the region, built in 1855 at the present site of the iron ore docks. Among the early . . . — — Map (db m78736) HM
In grateful recognition
to Joseph C. Priley for his
unselfish and dedicated
efforts to beautify Duluth
July 26, 1970
Duluth Civic Center
has been placed on the
of Historic Places
by . . . — — Map (db m49827) HM
Rice's Point separates Duluth-Superior's outer from it's inner harbor, and is a focal point of Duluth's industrial activity. Many of the city's bridges can be seen, among them the Aerial Lift Bridge to the left, the John A. Blatnik Bridge straight . . . — — Map (db m4965) HM
The first Rotary Club was formed in Chicago in 1905 by a young attorney named Paul Harris who desired to discuss areas of common concern with other local business executives. They quickly decided to contribute their . . . — — Map (db m78749) HM
The focus of this service area is youth, low income population and public service needs.
Funded improvements to the Boy Scout's Camp Lawrie (1925) and YMCA's Camp Miller (1926).
Provided summer camp scholarships for youth annually . . . — — Map (db m204945) HM
Funded and constructed a bridge connecting the highway between the U.S. and Canada near Grand Portage, MN when the two governments failed to decide how it should be funded (1926).
Supported PolioPlus, Rotary International's program to . . . — — Map (db m204944) HM
Junior Rotarian program - invited area high schools students to attend weekly club meetings and support service projects
Provided mentors for youth at Lincoln Park School.
Provided scholarships for high school students to attend a . . . — — Map (db m204943) HM
Held the first Big Brother dinner (1916).
Assigned Rotarians to be foster fathers for children at the Duluth Children's Home (1930).
Established Vocational Guidance Program for high school students (1950).
Started . . . — — Map (db m204949) HM
The Four Way Test was adopted by Rotary International in 1943 as our code of ethics.
1. Is it the truth?
2. Is it fair to all concerned?
3. Will it build goodwill and better friendships?
4. Will it . . . — — Map (db m204940) HM
The Duluth Rose Society in Leif Erikson Park initially began as a joint effort between the City and the Duluth Rose Society. First envisioned by Mrs. Ausma Klints, the community garden was created with the help of Mrs. Virginia Sellwood and Mrs. . . . — — Map (db m79505) HM
As you face Lake Superior, you will find that the eastern access to the Skyline Parkway, a 30-mile drive along the rim of the hills overlooking Duluth and Lake Superior, begins here to your right on the left bank of the Lester River. As you proceed . . . — — Map (db m44599) HM
At three-thirty in the afternoon of Monday, November 27th, 1905, the steamship Mataafa passed under the newly built Duluth Transfer Bridge, and onto Lake Superior. The Mataafa was towing the schooner barge James Nasmyth, bringing their loads of iron . . . — — Map (db m199138) HM
Conventional ship's anchor used from about 1870 to 1910, from the Whaleback steamer Thomas Wilson, sunk a half mile outside Duluth Piers. Recovered in 1973 by the U.S.C.G. Cutter Woodrush with divers Elmer Engman, Dave Anderson, Dan Goman and Paul . . . — — Map (db m21027) HM
The United States Merchant Marine
In recognition of those who serve
their country in war and peace time
to those 250,000 who served in world war II
to those 670 who were taken prisoner
to those 6,700 plus who gave their lives . . . — — Map (db m5433) HM
The Pioneer Vermilion Iron Mining Company opened the Pioneer Mine in 1888 and began shipping ore the following year. When Oliver Iron Mining Company leased the Pioneer in 1898, it was producing over 500,000 tons annually. Eventually, it was . . . — — Map (db m127860) HM
The Pioneer Mine began operation in 1888. Shafts No. 1 and No. 2 were abandoned and replaced by vertical A Shaft, which was sunk in 1909 and in 1943 an incline from 8th level to surface was completed. Men, timber for support and equipment were . . . — — Map (db m127868) HM
This log playhouse was constructed about 1902 by Juha Tupanen Norha for nine year old Alma.
Alma, her mother, Maria, and her grandmother, Elizabeth, arrived in Embarrass from Finland in 1901 to join her father, Samuel, at his homestead cabin. . . . — — Map (db m107202) HM
Woodsmen and railroaders comprised the sparse population of the Embarrass area until the late 1800s, when a permanent community was established by Finnish immigrants. In 1905, Embarrass Township was incorporated, and the Finnish settlers began to . . . — — Map (db m127864) HM
The Embarrass Cooperative Association was formed in 1909 by a small group of residents in response to economic insecurity and low prices for their produce. It sold food, supplies, clothing, hardware, and even forest and farm products on behalf of . . . — — Map (db m127865) HM
Times were tough in the life of an immigrant farmer in northeastern Minnesota. Subsistence farming was a way of life that had gone on for centuries in Finland. Immigrants knew what was needed to survive in the harsh climate of the area. All family . . . — — Map (db m127866) HM
The most characteristic feature of the Finnish homestead is the sauna (pronounced "sow-na"), a place for family and friends to share what they considered to be the "well spring" of life and health. To Finnish homesteaders, the sauna was more than . . . — — Map (db m127862) HM
A drop of rain water falling here in the Giants Range, a rare three-way continental divide, may flow either north into icy Hudson Bay, east into the Atlantic Ocean, or south into the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico.
From the north slope of . . . — — Map (db m3048) HM
A tribute to John Mariucci
Who through the force of his unique personality and determination, laid the foundation for the great U. S. Olympic hockey championships. His belief in the . . . — — Map (db m2872) HM
“Politics is not just about power and money games, politics is about the improvement of peoples lives, about lessening human suffering in our world and bringing about more peace and justice.”
Near this site on October 25, . . . — — Map (db m2891) HM
This memorial is dedicated to
peace and to man's search for it.
...and they shall beat their swords into plowshares,
...Nation shall not lift up sword against Nation,
neither shall they learn war anymore.
. . . — — Map (db m43710) HM
The giant 170 ton production truck in front of you was donated by Hibbing Taconite in 1998. It was originally purchased in 1975 at a price of $451,900 and operated for a total of 110,000 hours or an equivalent of 12.5 continuous years. During the . . . — — Map (db m7088) HM
The heart of any city is its business district. In Hibbing, this was on Pine Street and also on Third Avenue.
Many varieties of shops were available to satisfy the community's needs.
People came from the many small locations and other . . . — — Map (db m5145) HM
This library was donated to Hibbing by Andrew C. Carnegie. Mr. Carnegie was a financier who made his fortune in steel.
The library was finer than many in larger cities. It had all the major books available at the time.
When the building . . . — — Map (db m5184) HM
Constructed as a “new business center”, the Congdon-McIntyre Building housed “31 spacious, well-lighted and ventilated offices and rooms equipped with all modern conveniences.” Pharmacists Congdon and McIntyre relocated their . . . — — Map (db m126664) HM
For service beyond the call of duty as a Boy Scout and soldier of his country. His Boy Scout good turn included five years daily service to a blind man,1946-1951. He served with the U.S. Army from 1951 until he gave his life for his country on a . . . — — Map (db m126666) HM WM
Dedicated to the memory of the early Finnish pioneers who helped to build this community.
The Minnesota Finnish-American Historical Society, Chapter 14, Hibbing, Minnesota.
1957 — — Map (db m3108) HM
The Finnish people were one of the first ethnic groups to arrive in this area in the late 1890's and early 1900's.
They built this building on this site in 1909. It was used for stage plays, dances and other social events put on for the Finnish . . . — — Map (db m5144) HM
Frank Hibbing was a German immigrant who came to Minnesota from Wisconsin, arriving on the Mesaba Range in 1892. He had heard that iron ore was discovered in Mt. Iron in 1890.
He recognized the possibilities of iron ore further to the west.
. . . — — Map (db m5146) HM
Born in Pennsylvania, 1820; Died in Duluth, 1902.
First permanent settler. In 1852 resided and traded on Minnesota Point. Government surveyor. Discovered iron ore before 1870 on Vermilion. Discovery of Missabe Range followed in 1890. Built . . . — — Map (db m2840) HM
Tires displayed here were for the 170 and 240 ton capacity production mine trucks used at Hibbing Taconite Company immediately to the north of this view site.
The tires for the 170-ton trucks are mounted on wheels that are 4.25 feet in diameter . . . — — Map (db m27363) HM
A triple point, or triple divide, is the place where two continental divides intersect and water drains into three different watersheds. Five widely-recognized triple divides exist in the United States, including: Triple Divide Peak, Montana, The . . . — — Map (db m27715) HM
Immediately to the north and extending approximately 3½ miles east to west is the open pit known as the Hull-Rust Mahoning Mine, begun in 1895. In fact, over the past 100 years of mining here, more than thirty separate mining companies have . . . — — Map (db m6776) HM
It has been called the “Grand Canyon of the North”—a fitting title for the worlds largest open pit iron mine. The Hull-Rust-Mahoning pit actually began as separate mines, named for their owners, first dug in 1895, that gradually . . . — — Map (db m2833) HM
the people of
the men and
in all wars.
Erected 1956 A.D. by the Veterans Memorial Fund Committee Robert J. . . . — — Map (db m26554) HM
In the 1950's the Pierce, South Agnew and Morton mines utilized a Marion 1150 Dragline to strip off the glacial till from above the iron ore body. This stripping bucket was on that Hanna Mining Company dragline. Several of the mining companies took . . . — — Map (db m122404) HM
Many of the homes were not owned by the occupants. When it came time to move them, they were offered the opportunity to buy the house for $1.00.
They would then have to arrange to move them at their own expense. Many businesses were also . . . — — Map (db m5139) HM
With the mining activities expanding and the village of Hibbing's population growing, there was a lack of entertainment for the miners, so the Oliver Iron Mining Company constructed a building which was once known as the Oliver Club.
It had a . . . — — Map (db m5185) HM
Oliver Mining Co. Headquarters
This building was the heart of the Oliver operation, the largest iron ore mining operation in United States history. The Superintendent of Mines and his staff made the day-to-day mining decisions here, and they . . . — — Map (db m5132) HM
The production shovel bucket here was once mounted on a P & H shovel similar to the one pictured here.
The bucket capacity is 18 cubic yards which is equivalent to nearly 400 bushel baskets of dirt or broken rock.
Made of cast alloy iron, . . . — — Map (db m7021) HM
Education was very important to the new immigrants. They wanted their children to have an education that they were unable to have.
From small schools in the early years to bigger and better schools such as the Lincoln High School that was on . . . — — Map (db m5183) HM
Chinese immigrant entrepreneur, Simm Sue opened the Nankin, a “high class Chinese Restaurant” and hotel on this site in 1922. Hibbing, like many Iron Range towns, had small enclaves of Chinese business owners and laborers. Pan Wen Ping, . . . — — Map (db m126663) HM
On a Thursday, May 14, 1914 the first day of operations the men made $11.50. The second day they cleared $7.50. Three days later on a Saturday, they made $20.00 after expenses. The birth of a transportation system was started. They named it . . . — — Map (db m100670) HM
Early passenger service was by train. Hibbing's Train Depot was one block west of this spot. Many immigrants seeking work arrived here and many of these same men left from this same depot to serve their new country during World . . . — — Map (db m5137) HM
In 1895 underground mining began in the Hibbing area following the discovery of iron ore. The Burt-Poole and Sellers mines were the first to ship that summer. Mining Captains, of Cornish decent, utilized their experience from the Vermillion Iron . . . — — Map (db m6877) HM
On June 3rd, 1890, E.J. Longyear at this site completed to a depth of 1293 ft., the first diamond drill test hole for iron ore in the state of Minnesota
Dedicated to the memory of Dorthea and Richard P. Longyear — — Map (db m106643) HM
Approximately 1,400 feet from this point, the first diamond drill hole in the state of Minnesota was sunk in 1890. E. J. Longyear began drilling June 3, 1890 and completed operations on the hole December 9, 1890. Reaching a depth of 1293 feet, . . . — — Map (db m106642) HM
On May 27, 1890 E.J. Longyear established a tent camp for his crew and himself near the tripod of the drill. He brought his bride to the drill site in September 1890. Constructed on the hill was a two room building made of rough pine boards from a . . . — — Map (db m106640) HM
This piece of rock is from the lower part of the Upper Slaty Member-Biwabik Formation. The rock consists of thin wavy beds of magnetite—magnetic, black fine grained argillite & irregular shaped pods or lenses of chert/silicate. This rock is . . . — — Map (db m106645)
The Cloquet-Moose Lake forest fire of October 12-13, 1918, which almost reached this location, was one of the most destructive forest fires in Minnesota's recorded history. Like other major fires, this one took place on . . . — — Map (db m21024) HM
Originally a road switcher for use at Proctor Yard and Duluth ore dock operations of the DM&N R.R. It was then transferred to the O.I.M. Co. for mining and stripping operations at various Iron Range mines. Last used in the Mt. Iron Open Pit Ore Mine . . . — — Map (db m155588) HM
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