“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers in Carteret County, North Carolina

Clickable Map of Carteret County, North Carolina and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Carteret County, NC (61) Craven County, NC (58) Hyde County, NC (15) Jones County, NC (1) Onslow County, NC (20) Pamlico County, NC (2)  CarteretCounty(61) Carteret County (61)  CravenCounty(58) Craven County (58)  HydeCounty(15) Hyde County (15)  JonesCounty(1) Jones County (1)  OnslowCounty(20) Onslow County (20)  PamlicoCounty(2) Pamlico County (2)
Beaufort is the county seat for Carteret County
Adjacent to Carteret County, North Carolina
      Craven County (58)  
      Hyde County (15)  
      Jones County (1)  
      Onslow County (20)  
      Pamlico County (2)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — 30-Pounder Parrott Rifle
This cannon is a replica of a 30-pounder Parrott Rifle, one of the most widely used siege cannons in the War Between the States. Invented by Robert P. Parrott in 1861, the 30-pounder Parrott Rifle quickly became one of the Union Army’s standard . . . Map (db m77064) HM
2North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — Bogue Banks Lighthouse
In order to promote safe navigation of shipping through Beaufort Inlet past numerous shoals and sand bars, the US Lighthouse Board established the Bogue Banks Lighthouse and a navigational beacon on the eastern end of Bogue Banks near Fort Macon . . . Map (db m77086) HM
3North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — Cistern
This cistern, built in 1897, collected and stored drinking water for Fort Macon's caretaker. Cisterns such as this one have been used by coastal residents for years. Moisture and rain shed from the roof through pipes into the cistern, where it could . . . Map (db m31457) HM
4North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — Fort MaconGuardian of Beaufort Harbor — Burnside Expedition —
This fort, guarding the entrance to Beaufort Harbor, was built between 1826 and 1834 as one of a series of seacoast fortifications for national defense. Local secessionist militia forces seized the fort on April 14, 1861, at the outbreak of the . . . Map (db m31451) HM
5North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — CCC-1 — Fort Macon
Built by U.S. Corps of Engineers, 1826-34. Good example of brick fort. Seized by Confederates, April 14, 1861. Scene of battle, April 25, 1862.Map (db m31278) HM
6North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — Fort Macon Coast Guard Station
Fort Macon Life-Saving Station In 1903, the US War Department approved a request from the US Treasury Department to establish a US Life-Saving Service station on the Fort Macon Military Reservation. In 1904 a wood frame hip-roofed station . . . Map (db m77083) HM
7North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — Fort Macon in the 1920s and 1930s
Fort Macon became a state park in 1924. At that time, the fort was all that remained of the military post. All other traces of the Army’s presence from the 19th century were gone. The fort itself, and a US Lifesaving Service (later Coast Guard) . . . Map (db m77072) HM
8North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — Hoop Pole CreekFerrying Troops and Equipment at High Tide — Burnside Expedition —
In March 1862, Union Gen. John G. Parke’s brigade of Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside’ Coastal Division advanced from New Bern to capture Beaufort Harbor and Fort Macon. During March 22-26, Parke’s forces took possession of Carolina City, Morehead City . . . Map (db m77046) HM
9North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — Hoop Pole Creek: A Coastal Nature PreserveRestoring North Carolina’s Coast
Welcome to Hoop Pole Creek Hoop Pole Creek is one of the last remaining natural refuges for fish, wildlife and plant life in Atlantic Beach, NC. This 31-acre property was purchased by the NC Coastal Federation in 1997 through a grant from . . . Map (db m77047) HM
10North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — C 62 — Hoophole Creek
Union forces led by General John G. Parke landed here March 29, 1862, during the Fort Macon campaign.Map (db m77045) HM
11North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — Hot Shot Furnace
This replica Hot Shot Furnace stands on the foundation of Fort Macon's original Hot Shot Furnace, built in 1836. Hot Shot Furnaces were used in forts to heat non-explosive cannonballs red hot for use against the unarmored wooden enemy warships of . . . Map (db m31502) HM
12North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — Model 1841 6-pounder Field Cannon
Smallest caliber cannon used in the War Between the States. Several of these were used as secondary armament in Fort Macon during 1834-1861 to defend vulnerable areas against assaults. Weight of Bronze Barrel ........887 Pounds Weight of Gun . . . Map (db m31501) HM
13North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — Model 1841 Navy 32-pounder(Replica)
This cannon is a replica of a smoothbore Model 1841 Navy 32-pounder which stood here during the War Between the States. Cannons of this caliber comprised almost half of Ft. Macon's armament. The 32-pounder is so named because it fired round iron . . . Map (db m31535) HM
14North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — Model 1861 10-inch Siege Mortars
These are the only known surviving cannons of Fort Macon's original armament. Used in the fort 1862 to 1902. Similar to mortars used by the Union Army against the fort in the 1862 bombardment. Weight of Barrel .......................... 1968 Pounds . . . Map (db m31490) HM
15North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — Mortar BatterySpanish-American War
The earthen mound in front of you was built to shield a battery of two 10-inch siege mortars mounted here in 1898 during the Spanish-American War. The underground gallery below was made into a magazine to store ammunition for the mortar battery.Map (db m31575) HM
16North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — Officers Quarters at Fort Macon
Following the end of the War Between the States Fort Macon returned to its peacetime status as one of the US Army’s military posts. During the last half of the 1860s a lack of suitable quarters for officers and their families became a serious . . . Map (db m77070) HM
17North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — Rifled 32-pounder(Replica)
This cannon is a replica of a rifled Model 1841 Navy 32-pounder which stood here in the War Between the States. The cannon was originally a smoothbore 32-pounder and fired a round 32-pound cannonball. In October, 1861, Confederate soldiers converted . . . Map (db m31536) HM
18North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — The Military Post of Fort Macon in the Nineteenth Century
If you could go back in time to the years of the last half of the Nineteenth Century you would find this area looked quite a bit different than it does today. The area around Fort Macon was cleared of any vegetation. The fort itself was only one . . . Map (db m77065) HM
19North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — C 58 — Union Artillery
Union artillery was placed in this area during the siege of Fort Macon, March 23 - April 26, 1862.Map (db m31272) HM
20North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — Welcome to Fort Macon
Fort Macon was constructed between 1826 and 1834. This fort was used in the War Between the States (1861-1865), the Spanish American War (1898) and World War II (1941-1945). Fort Macon also served as a military prison from 1862-1877. Fort Macon was . . . Map (db m31479) HM
21North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — World War II Barracks Area
A Military City During World War II (1941-1945) the US Army occupied Fort Macon once again for military defense. Although some soldiers lived and worked inside the fort itself, the area outside the fort once again came to life as a small . . . Map (db m77073) HM
22North Carolina (Carteret County), Atlantic Beach — World War II DefensesFort Macon Goes To War Again, 1941-44
When the United States entered World War II in December 1941, US Coast Artillery troops occupied Fort Macon State Park for the defense of strategic points in the Beaufort Inlet-Cape Lookout area. In the sand dunes southwest of the fort, . . . Map (db m77074) HM
23North Carolina (Carteret County), Beaufort — BeaufortUnion Occupation and Confederate Spies
Before the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, local citizens formed the Beaufort Harbor Guards. These Confederate sympathizers, led by Capt. Josiah Pender, occupied Fort Mason when the sole guard, U.S. Army Ordnance Sgt. William Alexander, quietly . . . Map (db m77029) HM
24North Carolina (Carteret County), Beaufort — Dividing Line Between Old & New Town
This indicates the dividing line between old and new town, and was erected in place of a cannon which formerly stood here; said cannon being part of the armament of the U.S. Privateer “Snap Dragon,” commanded by Cap’t Otway Burns, in the war, . . . Map (db m189372) HM
25North Carolina (Carteret County), Beaufort — C-83 — Jacob Henryca. 1775-1847
First Jewish member of N.C. legislature, 1808. Delivered a landmark address on religious freedom. Lived here.Map (db m77035) HM
26North Carolina (Carteret County), Beaufort — C-69 — Marine Research
The area around Beaufort and Morehead City long has been valued by marine biologists for its research potential. Army surgeons at Fort Macon in the 1870s published articles about marine life. In the 1880s The Johns Hopkins University for six summers . . . Map (db m77033) HM
27North Carolina (Carteret County), Beaufort — Menhaden Fishermen MonumentThe Beaufort Fisherman
In loving memory and recognition Menhaden Fishermen Past — Present — Future This is their livelihood, this is their life — they know the sea, can read God’s weather chart: sun, moon, and stars from memory. The compass points are there . . . Map (db m189374) HM
28North Carolina (Carteret County), Beaufort — C-43 — Old Burying Ground
Deeded to town, 1731, by Nathanael Taylor. Capt. Otway Burns of the War of 1812, Revolutionary and Civil War soldiers are buried here.Map (db m77031) HM
29North Carolina (Carteret County), Beaufort — C-13 — Salt Works
Established by order of the Provincial Congress, April 24, 1776, for Revolutionary War use. They were located 1½ miles east.Map (db m67559) HM
30North Carolina (Carteret County), Beaufort — C-8 — Spanish Attack
Spanish force landed and captured Beaufort, 1747. Driven away a few days later by local troops.Map (db m67561) HM
31North Carolina (Carteret County), Beaufort — C-21 — Whale Fishery
At Shackleford Banks, six miles southeast by boat, was located a whale fishery of the 18th and 19th centuries.Map (db m67560) HM
32North Carolina (Carteret County), Harkers Island — Olive Thurlow Anchor
The Olive Thurlow, a three-masted, 149-foot barkentine, was built in 1876. She was bound for New York City from Charleston with a load of yellow pine lumber in 1902. During a storm on December 5, she sank in Cape Lookout Bight near the . . . Map (db m76683) HM
33North Carolina (Carteret County), Harkers Island — C 24 — Cape Lookout Lighthouse
Constructed, 1857-1859, to replace original 1812 tower. Present lighthouse, 150 feet tall, is four miles south.Map (db m76672) HM
34North Carolina (Carteret County), Harkers Island — CisternsReducing Stormwater Runoff at the Core Sound Waterfowl Museum
This 1,500-gallon cistern collects stormwater runoff from the roof of the museum. The storm water collected by the cistern is used for general irrigation purposes on site. Storm water controls such as this help prevent fecal coliform and other . . . Map (db m77039) HM
35North Carolina (Carteret County), Harkers Island — Estuaries of the Sound
An estuary is where water from rivers mixes with salt water from the ocean. The country’s second largest estuary is located here within North Carolina’s Back, Core, and Pamlico Sounds. Its water, nutrients, marsh grasses, and sunlight create a . . . Map (db m76720) HM
36North Carolina (Carteret County), Harkers Island — C-55 — Fort Hancock
Erected in 1778 by Le Chevalier de Cambray & Capt. de Cottineau to protect Cape Lookout Bay. Dismantled, 1780. Site four miles south.Map (db m146056) HM
37North Carolina (Carteret County), Harkers Island — Harkers Island Visitor Center at Cape Lookout National Seashore
Welcome to the Harkers Island Visitor Center at Cape Lookout National Seashore Spanning from Ocracoke Inlet to Beaufort Inlet, Cape Lookout National Seashore preserves 56 miles of undeveloped beaches, marsh, and soundside waters along the Outer . . . Map (db m76673) HM
38North Carolina (Carteret County), Harkers Island — Horizon of Islands
Across the shallow waters of Core Sound and Back Sound a low string of islands appears to float on the horizon, barely above the waves. Those islands, along with their soundside marshes and surrounding waters, are the park—Cape Lookout . . . Map (db m76717) HM
39North Carolina (Carteret County), Harkers Island — Protecting People and Ships
The 1859 Cape Lookout Lighthouse warns ships about the dangerous Cape Lookout Shoals—sandbars that jut out over 10 miles into the ocean. Replacing a short, 107-foot 1812 lighthouse, the new lighthouse has double walls. This design . . . Map (db m76685) HM
40North Carolina (Carteret County), Harkers Island — Rain GardensReducing Stormwater Runoff at the Core Sound Waterfowl Museum
This 80 sq. ft. rain garden collects stormwater runoff from the roof of the Jean-Dale boat shed and the adjacent road. Rain gardens are depressions that contain native plants that absorb and filter polluted stormwater. This simple and effective . . . Map (db m77038) HM
41North Carolina (Carteret County), Marshallberg — Marshallberg Harbor
The Marshallberg Harbor was established under the 1950 Harbor Act of the 8lst Congress and completed by the Corps of Engineers in 1957. The Harbor was built for the small boat owners of MarshallIberg and transient boaters. Since that time it . . . Map (db m189368) HM
42North Carolina (Carteret County), Morehead City — C-56 — Atlantic Hotel
A prominent resort hotel opened June 21 1880, and visited by citizens from N.Y. to Ga. Burned April 15, 1933. Stood here.Map (db m77040) HM
43North Carolina (Carteret County), Morehead City — Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway
Completed in 1932 from Norfolk to Wilmington via Beaufort-Morehead City. Sen. F.M. Simmons of New Bern and Rep. J.H. Small of Washington led effort.Map (db m77011) HM
44North Carolina (Carteret County), Morehead City — C-63 — Camp Glenn
National Guard camp, 1911 - 1918; later site of U.S. Navy base, and first U.S. Coast Guard air station, 1920 - 1921.Map (db m31251) HM
45North Carolina (Carteret County), Morehead City — Carolina CityA Favorite Resort Stop — Burnside Expedition —
Carolina City was a small settlement established in 1855. It contained a post office, a turpentine distillery, and the large Carolina Hotel, a favorite resort stop for visitors from New Bern arriving by rail or steamship. During the Civil War, the . . . Map (db m31270) HM
46North Carolina (Carteret County), Morehead City — C-75 — Carolina City
Large Confederate camp which extended over an area of 1 sq. mi. stood here; taken by Union Army, March 23, 1862, in Fort Macon campaign.Map (db m31250) HM
47North Carolina (Carteret County), Morehead City — C-49 — Confederate Salt Works
The largest Confederate salt works in Carteret County was 50 yards S. It was burned by Union forces in April, 1862.Map (db m77041) HM
48North Carolina (Carteret County), Morehead City — C-9 — Fort Macon
Built from 1826-34 to protect Beaufort Inlet. Replaced Fort Hampton. State park. 5 1/2 miles southeast.Map (db m30413) HM
49North Carolina (Carteret County), Morehead City — C-76 — N.C. State Highway Patrol
Est. 1929 in response to increased traffic & accidents. First training school was held here; graduated 27 officers.Map (db m31228) HM
50North Carolina (Carteret County), Morehead City — C-48 — North Carolina Bankers Association
Organized at Teacher's Assembly Hall, July 24, 1897. Thomas H. Battle elected first president.Map (db m77013) HM
51North Carolina (Carteret County), Morehead City — CC-3 — Siege of Fort Macon
Prelude: On February 8, 1862, Union General Ambrose E. Burnside captured Roanoke Island, key to the important Sound Region of Norteastern North Carolina. On February 10, Elizabeth City fell followed by strategic New Bern on March 14. Washington . . . Map (db m31254) HM
52North Carolina (Carteret County), Morehead City — C-40 — Teacher's Assembly (North Carolina Education Assn.)
Headquarters and annual meeting-place, 1888-1900; razed in 1934. The building stood here.Map (db m77012) HM
53North Carolina (Carteret County), Newport — Bogue Sound BlockhouseVermonters' Spirited Resistance
Company K, 9th New Jersey Volunteers, built the Bogue Sound Blockhouse here in the summer of 1862 to guard the junction of the Bogue Sound Road and Newport Road. Protected by a surrounding ditch and earthworks, the log blockhouse was armed with one . . . Map (db m77094) HM
54North Carolina (Carteret County), Newport — Newport BarracksWinter Quarters Ablaze
The 7th North Carolina Infantry built Newport Barracks here as a set of log winter quarters in 1861-1862. Union soldiers later took possession and added a hospital, headquarters, stables, storehouses, earthworks to protect the complex, and an . . . Map (db m31225) HM
55North Carolina (Carteret County), Newport — C-57 — Newport Barracks
Command post for Union defense system from New Bern to Morehead City, 1862-1865. Was ⅓ mi. E.Map (db m31207) HM
56North Carolina (Carteret County), Ocracoke — Exploring PortsmouthCape Lookout National Seashore
Believe it or not, Portsmouth, the small, now-deserted village on this remote island, was once a bustling seaport. North Carolina's colonial legislature chartered Portsmouth in 1733 to serve coastal trade, and for more than two years it was one of . . . Map (db m177229) HM
57North Carolina (Carteret County), Ocracoke — Methodist ChurchCape Lookout National Seashore
Completed in 1915 this church was the spiritual and communal center of the island, and like the villagers themselves it weathered many storms. As you enter the building notice that it tilts slightly to the right. The hurricane of 1944 left it this . . . Map (db m177424) HM
58North Carolina (Carteret County), Ocracoke — Through These DoorsCape Lookout National Seashore
In the 1900s this building served as general store and post office. Portsmouth villagers called it the "new" store because it was the latest in a series of stores serving the community. At one time in the 1860s there were five. This store was built . . . Map (db m177276) HM
59North Carolina (Carteret County), Pine Knoll Shores — C-77 — SS Pevensey
Blockade runner, iron steamer, chased ashore by Union ship, June 9, 1864. Remains lie off-shore, 220 yards SE.Map (db m77049) HM
60North Carolina (Carteret County), Pine Knoll Shores — C-59 — Verrazzano
Florentine sailing under French flag. His voyage along the coast in 1524 marked the first recorded European contact with North Carolina.Map (db m167753) HM
61North Carolina (Carteret County), Roe — C-4 — Ocracoke Inlet
Once chief trade inlet of N.C. In 1718 pirate "Blackbeard" was killed near there, 17 mi. N.E., across Pamlico Sound.Map (db m29952) HM
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Jul. 2, 2022