“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Halifax County, North Carolina

Clickable Map of Halifax County, North Carolina and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Halifax County, NC (77) Bertie County, NC (18) Edgecombe County, NC (31) Franklin County, NC (7) Martin County, NC (7) Nash County, NC (25) Northampton County, NC (25) Warren County, NC (30)  HalifaxCounty(77) Halifax County (77)  BertieCounty(18) Bertie County (18)  EdgecombeCounty(31) Edgecombe County (31)  FranklinCounty(7) Franklin County (7)  MartinCounty(7) Martin County (7)  NashCounty(25) Nash County (25)  NorthamptonCounty(25) Northampton County (25)  WarrenCounty(30) Warren County (30)
Halifax is the county seat for Halifax County
Adjacent to Halifax County, North Carolina
      Bertie County (18)  
      Edgecombe County (31)  
      Franklin County (7)  
      Martin County (7)  
      Nash County (25)  
      Northampton County (25)  
      Warren County (30)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1North Carolina (Halifax County), Enfield — E-67 — "Enfield Riot"
Here in 1759 Lord Granville’s land agents were compelled to give bond to return illegal fees. This was a forerunner of Regulators.Map (db m16242) HM
2North Carolina (Halifax County), Enfield — E 104 — Bartholomew F. Moore1801-1878
Noted lawyer. Attorney general of N.C., 1848-51. Compiled Revised Code in 1854. Opposed secession. Born 7/10 mile west.Map (db m70517) HM
3North Carolina (Halifax County), Enfield — E 73 — Eden Church
Methodist. An active congregation by 1789. Present building, 1890-1900, is third on site.Map (db m70520) HM
4North Carolina (Halifax County), Enfield — E 79 — Henry B. Bradford1761 - 1833
Early Methodist Protestant minister; educator; and soldier in the Revolution. Founded Bradford's Church on this site circa 1792.Map (db m31070) HM
5North Carolina (Halifax County), Enfield — E 103 — James E. O'Hara1844-1905
Black political leader. Member, U.S. House of Representatives, 1883-1887. Practiced law in Enfield. Lived 1/10 mi. S.Map (db m98235) HM
6North Carolina (Halifax County), Enfield — E-16 — John Branch
Governor of N.C., 1817-20, and of the Florida Territory, Secretary of the Navy, U.S. Senator. Home was four blocks, grave is ½ mile, west.Map (db m59066) HM
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7North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — E-52 — "Colonial Churchyard"
Graves of Confederate general Junius Daniel, editor Abraham Hodge, United States District Judge John Sitgreaves, are 1 bl. N.E.Map (db m46231) HM
8North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — Burgess Law Office
For many years, this structure was known as the “Constitution House” because it was thought to be where North Carolina’s Fifth Provincial Congress met in December 1776 to create the first state constitution. However, research and . . . Map (db m162176) HM
9North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — Colonial Punishment
During North Carolina’s early history, authorities used jails to house inmates before they could be tried or have their sentences carried out. Unlike today, jails were not usually used to punish offenders. Instead, corporal punishment was the norm . . . Map (db m60690) HM
10North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — E-12 — Cornwallis
The British Army under Gen. George Cornwallis marching to Virginia defeated the local Militia at the town of Halifax in May, 1781.Map (db m16173) HM
11North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — Eagle Tavern
The portion of the tavern that remains today was built around 1790. It was moved from its original location sometime after 1838. After years as a private residence it was moved to this location in 1976. The original Eagle Tavern operated during . . . Map (db m60697) HM
12North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — E-68 — Eagle Tavern
Built in 1790s. Banquet for Lafayette held on February 27, 1825 when tavern was on its original site 900 feet northeast.Map (db m46233) HM
13North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — Early American Taverns
Taverns in colonial North Carolina, as in other parts of the country, were a vital part of the local economy and lifestyle. Travelers could find a place to sleep and a meal to eat as they made their way across the state. Local citizens used taverns . . . Map (db m60696) HM
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14North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — Escape!The Roanoke River, Halifax, and the Maritime Underground Railroad.
Follow this ¼ mile trail to the Roanoke River and meet the men, women, and children who risked their lives to flee slavery. “…the thought of being again made a slave, and of suffering the horrible punishment of a runaway, restrained me. I lay . . . Map (db m60699) HM
15North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — Escape!The Roanoke River, Halifax, and the Maritime Underground Railroad.
Eighteenth-century towns were important gatherinsg spaces for people from various backgrounds. Halifax, on the south bank of the Roanoke River and at the intersection of major roads, became a major trade center and port during this period. . . . Map (db m207804) HM
16North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — Halifax Colonial Jails
The citizens of Halifax constructed three jails between 1759 and 1838. The first two stood near this spot. The North Carolina General Assembly ordered the construction of the first jail, along with the stocks and a pillory, for the “detention . . . Map (db m60689) HM
17North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — Halifax Courthouse
A 1758 act of North Carolina colonial assembly required the court for the Northampton, Edgecombe, and Granville districts to be moved from Enfield to Halifax. On the lot in front of you, the colony constructed a new courthouse, along with a jail, . . . Map (db m60692) HM
18North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — Halifax Runaway Ads
Halifax Newspapers, such as the Roanoke Advocate and Halifax Minerva, included runaway ads, which usually offered rewards for an escaped slave’s return. Captured fugitives were often held in Halifax Jail and their owners were . . . Map (db m60700) HM
19North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — E-39 — Hutchins G. Burtonca. 1774–1836
Governor, 1824–1827; Attorney General of N.C.; Congressman. His home was 400 yds. W.Map (db m16241) HM
20North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — E-3 — Independence
The “Halifax Resolves,” first formal sanction of American Independence, adopted in this town, April 12, 1776.Map (db m16174) HM
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21North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — E-99 — John H. Eaton1790-1856
Secretary of War under Andrew Jackson; United States Senator from Tennessee; Florida governor; United States minister to Spain. Born here.Map (db m46309) HM
22North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — E-8 — Masonic Lodge
Chartered 1767. Building was erected in 1769. Joseph Montfort, "Grand Master of America," is buried there. 500 yds. E.Map (db m46312) HM
23North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — Montfort Archaeological Museum
A 1769 map of Halifax shows a large building on this site. This lot, along with three surrounding ones, belonged to Joseph Montfort, a man of high standing in 18th-century North Carolina. He served as Clerk of Court for Edgecomb and Halifax . . . Map (db m60687) HM
24North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — E-98 — North Carolina Constitution
The first constitution of the independent state was adopted in Halifax on December 18, 1776.Map (db m46313) HM
25North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — EEE-1 — Ram Albemarle
The Confederate ironclad Albemarle was outfitted in Halifax with machinery and guns before sailing down river into action, 1864.Map (db m70528) HM
26North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — Site of First Courthouse
. . . Map (db m60691) HM
27North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — The Free Church of Halifax
In 1793, the first Halifax church was built at this location. The Free Church was open to all denominations. Services were held until the 1850’s when congregations began to build their own churches. In 1911 the church fell in disrepair and . . . Map (db m60694) HM
28North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — The Halifax Resolves
. . . Map (db m162181) HM
29North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — The Market Green
The market green played an important role in the growth and development of Halifax. The town’s original plan called for the green to take up both sides of King Street. In time, however, the courthouse, jail, and other public buildings occupied the . . . Map (db m60693) HM
30North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — The Old Town of Halifax
Antebellum Halifax was an important in the plantation country of the Roanoke River valley. Its location on the river, where a major north-south roadway crossed , made the town a logical place for travel and commerce. The 240 slaves and 53 free . . . Map (db m162167) HM
31North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — The Owens House
This Georgian style house with a gambled roof was built elsewhere about 1760 and moved here by 1880. It is named for George Owens, a prominent and prosperous Halifax merchant. The house had many owners through the years and was occupied until . . . Map (db m60698) HM
32North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — The Sally Billy House
Constructed around 1808 for a Halifax County planter named Lewis Bond, this house was originally located near Scotland Neck. In 1834, William “Billy” Ruffin Smith Sr. and his wife Sarah, or “Sally” bought it. Smith, a county . . . Map (db m60688) HM
33North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — The Tap Room
Constructed in 1760, this building was given the name “Tap Room” by twentieth-century historians. It has had many names and alterations in the past, including “Pope’s Hotel,” which had an adjoining building containing 19 . . . Map (db m60695) HM
34North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — E-25 — Washington’s Southern Tour
President Washington was a visitor in the town of Halifax, on April 16-17, 1791.Map (db m16177) HM
35North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — E-4 — William R. Davie
Lived here. Revolutionary hero, member Federal Convention, governor, envoy to France, "Father of the University."Map (db m46321) HM
36North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — William R. Davie House
William Richardson Davie lived in this transitional Georgian Federal town house during most of his active career. One of North Carolina’s most distinguished and influential Federal leaders, Davie attended the United States Constitutional . . . Map (db m162137) HM
37North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — E-9 — Willie Jones
Statesman of revolutionary era, leading champion of democracy in N. C. His home, “The Grove,” stood 400 yards west.Map (db m16225) HM
38North Carolina (Halifax County), Littleton — E 120 — Ella Baker1903-1986
Civil rights leader. She organized the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, April 1960, at Shaw University. Her childhood home ¼ mi. E.Map (db m86481) HM
39North Carolina (Halifax County), Littleton — E-106 — Plummer Bernard Young(1884-1962)
Journalist. Publisher of Norfolk Journal & Guide, 1910-1962, leading black-owned newspaper in the South. Birthplace nearby.Map (db m86482) HM
40North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — A Lock in Action – Step By Step
Step 1 With the upper gates open and the lower closed, the boat enters the lock with the water level high. Step 2 The upper gates are closed and the lower wickets are opened to lower the water level. A . . . Map (db m161913) HM
41North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — Afghanistan & Iraq Memorial
For those who fought terrorismMap (db m184466) WM
42North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — Akers (Central) School1908 - 1975
Central School, the first school building of the Roanoke Rapids Graded School District, stood 100 feet north east. It was renamed Alonzo E. Akers School in December 1956 to honor the school district's first superintendent.Map (db m184654) HM
43North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — Akers ParkNamed in honor of A.E. Akers — (1878 - 1963) —
First Superintendent of Roanoke Rapids Graded School District Superintendent of Halifax County SchoolsMap (db m184513) HM
44North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — Batteaux and BatteauxmenNavigating A Perilous River
Batteaux, originating from the French word for “boat” averaged sixty feet long, eight feet wide, and two feet deep. They could carry cargo weighing up to six tons but only drafted eighteen inches. This allowed them to navigate the . . . Map (db m161896) HM
45North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — Bike Trail Map
Trail Highlights (Mileage begins at Oakwood Ave. Parking Lot) 1. The western Roanoke Canal Trail head is located at the Roanoke Rapids Lake Day Use Area, which offers picknicking, trails, swimming, fishing and other . . . Map (db m180464) HM
46North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — Canal Trail Map
Trail Highlights (Mileage begins at Roanoke Rapids Lake Trail Head) 1. Roanoke Rapids Lake Trail Head; Constructed in the early 1950s, Roanoke Rapids Lake is used for electricity production and recreation. The . . . Map (db m180467) HM
47North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — Closing The CircleThe story of Mrs. Sarah Louise Keys Evans
Sarah Louise Keys was born in 1929 in Clark's Neck, North Carolina, one of seven children born to David and Vivian Keys. Keys enlisted in the Women's Army Corp (WAC) in 1951 and upon completion of Basic Training at Fort Lee, Virginia, her . . . Map (db m185314) HM
48North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — E-81 — First Kraft Pulp in United States
Was made here by the sulphate process using southern pine in 1909,by the Roanoke Rapids Paper Manufacturing Company.Map (db m70529) HM
49North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — Korea/Vietnam
Dedicated to all who servedMap (db m184465) WM
50North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — Lest We Forget
Dedicated to the lasting memory of all who served our country in the time of war Let our object be our country, our whole country and nothing but our country, and by the blessing of God, may our country be always a vast and splendid . . . Map (db m184471) WM
51North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — Roanoke Canal"Duly Appreciated" — Confederate Lifeline —
The Roanoke Navigation Company - a collaboration among North Carolina, Virginia, and private shareholders - began building the Roanoke Canal in 1819. The company created an inland navigation system from the upper Staunton and Dan Rivers in Virginia, . . . Map (db m58901) HM
52North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — Roanoke Canal"The importance … is evident"
The section of canal in front of you is one of the few remnants of an engineering marvel designed to revolutionize transportation in inland North Carolina. In 1819, the Roanoke Navigation Company, representing public and private interests from . . . Map (db m180469) HM
53North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — E 34 — Roanoke Canal
Canal and locks completed around river rapids, 1834. Highway crosses canal route here. A lock is 200 feet south.Map (db m58903) HM
54North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — Roanoke Rapids High School1921
Architect Hobart Upjohn’s gothic design brought to life Industrialist Samuel Peterson’s vision. Cornerstone laid 1920. Opened September 16, 1921. Placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988.Map (db m184655) HM
55North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — The BatteauxA Canal Era Workhorse
Batteaux – the name originating from the French word bateau meaning boat - averaged sixty feet long, eight feet wide, and two feet deep. When fully loaded with cargo, which could weigh up to six tons batteaux had only a draft of about . . . Map (db m161906) HM
56North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — The BatteauxmenPiloting the Batteaux
A Job for Big Strong Men Batteauxmen were rugged, strong, and individualistic men who risked their lives daily transporting goods up and down the river. Their origins dated back to the first European settlers whose only means of . . . Map (db m161921) HM
57North Carolina (Halifax County), Roanoke Rapids — Veterans Memorial
Proudly we pay tribute to the members of our organization who answered the call to the colors in all wars and in grateful memory of those who gave their lives in defense of America's eternal freedomMap (db m184467) WM
58North Carolina (Halifax County), Scotland Neck — E-49 — Claude Kitchin1869-1923
Congressman, 1901-23, Democratic majority leader, 1915-19. Opposed war declaration; later supported Wilson's war policies. Home is here.Map (db m31223) HM
59North Carolina (Halifax County), Scotland Neck — E-47 — Gallberry
Built about 1885. Home of three congressmen, W. H. Kitchin and his sons Wm. W. (governor, 1909-1913) and Claude.Map (db m31233) HM
60North Carolina (Halifax County), Scotland Neck — E-11 — Ram Albemarle
Noted Confederate ironclad, was built near this spot, 1863-64. Aided in recapture of Plymouth, April, 1864.Map (db m31210) HM
61North Carolina (Halifax County), Scotland Neck — E-53 — Roanoke River
Early channel of trade, its valley long an area of plantations. Frequent floods until 1952, since controlled by Kerr Dam. Old name was "Moratuck."Map (db m31181) HM
62North Carolina (Halifax County), Scotland Neck — E-50 — Trinity Church
Episcopal. Established about 1732. This building, the third, was erected in 1854, in part with brick from an older church.Map (db m31212) HM
63North Carolina (Halifax County), Scotland Neck — E-46 — W. W. Kitchin1866-1924
Governor, 1909-1913; congressman, 1897-1908; & attorney. His grave is 240 yards south.Map (db m31222) HM
64North Carolina (Halifax County), Scotland Neck — E-48 — Whitmel Hill
Colonel in Revolution. Member of Continental Congress, 1778-1781; of Provincial Congresses; and of state legislature. Grave 125 yds. S.E.Map (db m31217) HM
65North Carolina (Halifax County), Tillery — E 94 — Caledonia
State prison farm since 1892. Antebellum plantation owned by Johnston family. Name predates 1713. Two miles N.E.Map (db m60660) HM
66North Carolina (Halifax County), Tillery — E 113 — Tillery Resettlement
Est. 1935; New Deal farm project. 350 black families from N.C., S.C., Fla., Ark., Va. purchased homesteads. Restored house 1 mi. E.Map (db m60659) HM
67North Carolina (Halifax County), Weldon — E-105 — Benjamin S. Turner1825-1894
U.S. Congressman, 1871-1873, representing Ala.; merchant and farmer in Selma, Ala. Born into slavery one mile south.Map (db m31111) HM
68North Carolina (Halifax County), Weldon — Conservation Pays Off
Striped bass are culturally, economically and recreationally significant to the Roanoke River and to Weldon, NC—the "Rockfish Capital of the World!" Once overfished, state and federal agencies, fisherman and private . . . Map (db m180520) HM
69North Carolina (Halifax County), Weldon — E-35 — Roanoke Canal
Canal and locks around river rapids completed 1834 by Roanoke Navigation Company. Highway crosses route of canal at this point.Map (db m46315) HM
70North Carolina (Halifax County), Weldon — Rockfish Capital of the WorldTown of Weldon
The Myth of Rocky the Giant Rockfish While doing research on the historic Weldon fish hatchery, I came across a fishing story that was so unbelievable that I felt I had to share it with others. It starts on a crisp March morning 1904, with a . . . Map (db m210356) HM
71North Carolina (Halifax County), Weldon — The Mills at WeldonAn Early Industrial Park
The Weldon terminus of the Roanoke Navigation Canal was the site of the first industrial complex in Halifax County. Located between the boat basin and the river, the site utilized the canal’s constant and regulated flow to power a variety of . . . Map (db m161960) HM
72North Carolina (Halifax County), Weldon — The Weldon Cotton Manufacturing CompanyBirthplace of the Halifax County Textile Industry
The Weldon Cotton Manufacturing Company was a major component of the industrial development of the Roanoke Navigation Canal starting around 1900. The machinery in the mill was powered by a water wheel on the west side of the building, and the lights . . . Map (db m207803) HM
73North Carolina (Halifax County), Weldon — Veterans MemorialEugene Basil Glover American Legion Post 298
Dedicated to all who served in the Armed Forces of the United StatesMap (db m161954) WM
74North Carolina (Halifax County), Weldon — Welcome to The Roanoke Canal Museum and Trail / Canal Trail Map
Welcome to The Roanoke Canal Museum and Trail The Roanoke Canal Museum and Trail is a 7 1/2 mile long indoor and outdoor museum celebrating early American ingenuity and canal history. The Roanoke Canal Trail and it . . . Map (db m180515) HM
75North Carolina (Halifax County), Weldon — Weldon RailroadsA Convergence of Commerce — Landscape of the Iron Horse —
When the Roanoke Navigation Canal opened in 1824, the terminus at "Welden's Orchard" soon replaced Halifax as the region's commercial trading hub. The shallow-draft batteau coming downstream transferred their goods to larger commercial vessels . . . Map (db m210357) HM
76North Carolina (Halifax County), Weldon — Wilmington & Weldon RR TrestleLee's Lifeline — Confederate Lifeline —
Located on the Roanoke River, the town of Weldon was one of the South's major transportation hubs at the beginning of the Civil War. By 1861, the town served as an important stop for steamboats and canal boats, and it was the junction of the . . . Map (db m43459) HM
77North Carolina (Halifax County), Weldon — E-23 — Wilmington and Weldon Railroad
Longest railroad in the world when completed in 1840. Length 161 1/2 mi. Terminus was nearby.Map (db m31091) HM
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Nov. 27, 2022