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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Jackson County, Ohio

 
Clickable Map of Jackson County, Ohio and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Jackson County, OH (55) Gallia County, OH (36) Lawrence County, OH (21) Pike County, OH (19) Ross County, OH (74) Scioto County, OH (59) Vinton County, OH (19)  JacksonCounty(55) Jackson County (55)  GalliaCounty(36) Gallia County (36)  LawrenceCounty(21) Lawrence County (21)  PikeCounty(19) Pike County (19)  RossCounty(74) Ross County (74)  SciotoCounty(59) Scioto County (59)  VintonCounty(19) Vinton County (19)
Jackson is the county seat for Jackson County
Adjacent to Jackson County, Ohio
      Gallia County (36)  
      Lawrence County (21)  
      Pike County (19)  
      Ross County (74)  
      Scioto County (59)  
      Vinton County (19)  
 
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1Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Bridge Loft / Charging House
This area of the furnace complex, known as the "bridge loft” or “charging house,” spanned the distance between the cliff and the top of the furnace and provided access to the “tunnel head.” The tunnel head was the . . . Map (db m166686) HM
2Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Buckeye Furnace — Reported missing
Buckeye Furnace was the second charcoal-fueled iron furnace to be built along Raccoon Creek. The furnace, constructed in 1851 by Thomas Price, was financed by Newkirk, Daniels and Company under the name of Buckeye Furnace Company. In its early . . . Map (db m158814) HM
3Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Buckeye Furnace (1851 - 1894)
Buckeye Furnace was the second charcoal-fueled iron furnace to be built along Raccoon Creek. The furnace, constructed in 1851 by Thomas Price, was financed by Newkirk, Daniels, and Company under the name of Buckeye Furnace Company. In its early . . . Map (db m166682) HM
4Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Buckeye Furnace Covered Bridge
The covered bridge era in America was from the nineteenth century. The last covered bridge of this period was built by the State of Ohio in Vinton County in 1919, Bridges were enclosed to protect the wooden structural parts and decks from rain . . . Map (db m166684) HM
5Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Casting
During the cast, eight to twelve men were required to perform various jobs. Before, During, and after each cast, seven basic steps were required.
1. Workman using wooden forms as a pattern made a series of molds in the sand . . . Map (db m158815) HM
6Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Charcoal
The production of charcoal began in the forests surrounding the furnace. The first step occurred when woodcutters felled the trees that would be used to make charcoal. Because each ton of iron produced required six cords of wood, the forests . . . Map (db m166688) HM
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7Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Civil War
When the Civil War began in 1861, the industrial capacity of the Northern states was more developed than the South. The Union's industrialization was essential to its victory over the Confederacy. Buckeye Furnace was one of the facilities that . . . Map (db m166680) HM
8Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Engine House
The conversion of iron ore into molten iron required very high temperatures. To raise the temperature, compressed air was pumped into the furnace (1). A steam engine located in this building provided the power needed to compress the air . . . Map (db m166678) HM
9Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Furnace Communities
Because furnaces were often located in isolated areas, new communities usually sprang up around them. Each community had a store, a church, a school, and dwellings to house the workers and their families. • Each furnace had its own school . . . Map (db m166685) HM
10Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Hanging Rock Region — Reported permanently removed
Charcoal iron production in Ohio was centered in the Hanging Rock Region, a geographic area extending from Hocking County to the Ohio River and including portions of northern Kentucky. The region encompassed an 1800 square mile area that was rich . . . Map (db m26428) HM
11Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Hanging Rock Region
Charcoal iron production in Ohio was centered in the Hanging Rock Region, a geographic area that extends from Hocking County to the Ohio River and includes portions of northern Kentucky. The region encompassed a 1,800 square mile area that was . . . Map (db m158856) HM
12Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Labor At Charcoal Iron Furnace
Work at an iron furnace, like most nineteenth century industrial jobs, was low paying, uncertain, and dangerous. Most furnaces operated at the edge of bankruptcy and, because nearly all were small-scale operations, they could not weather the . . . Map (db m166676) HM
13Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Limestone
An old limestone quarry, with stone used for fluxing, Jackson Furnace, Jackson County. Limestone was another basic ingredient used in the iron-making process. Because of the difficulty in transporting the heavy stone long distances, it was . . . Map (db m166687) HM
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14Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Raw Materials
The iron-making process required three basic ingredients: iron ore, charcoal, and limestone. When mixed in proper amounts and subjected to intense heat in the furnace, these ingredients combined to produce molten iron and a waste material called . . . Map (db m166690) HM
15Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Scales — Reported permanently removed
Teamsters regularly delivered and picked up materials at Buckeye Furnace. The value of raw materials, such as iron ore and limestone, purchased by the furnace, as well as the pig iron to be shipped to buyers, had to be determined by weighing each . . . Map (db m26501) HM
16Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Scales
Teamsters regularly delivered and picked up materials at Buckeye Furnace. Each load of raw materials that the furnace purchased, and pig iron produced was weighed. Scales were used to weigh the wagons that transported the raw materials and pig iron. . . . Map (db m158854) HM
17Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Shipment Of Iron
The shipment of pig iron was a continual problem at Buckeye Furnace. When Buckeye Furnace was constructed, the owners planned to ship the iron on small boats down the Little Raccoon Creek. After unpredictable water levels in the stream made . . . Map (db m166677) HM
18Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Stock Shed — Reported permanently removed
This building, known as the stock shed, was used primarily as a storage area for charcoal, the fuel used to reduce the raw iron to a molten state.Map (db m26515) HM
19Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Stock Shed
The stock shed was used primarily as a storage area for charcoal, which was the fuel used to reduce raw iron to a molten state. [Caption:] Monroe Furnace in Jackson County was the largest blast furnace in southeastern Ohio, . . . Map (db m158849) HM
20Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Stockyard — Reported permanently removed
This area of the furnace complex was known as the stockyard. Here the raw materials were delivered, stockpiled, sorted and graded. When Buckeye Furnace was operating, this area bustled with activity as teamsters delivered and unloaded their . . . Map (db m26585) HM
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21Ohio, Jackson County, Buckeye Furnace — Stockyard
The upper area of the furnace complex was known as the stockyard. Here, the raw materials were delivered, stockpiled, sorted, and graded. When Buckeye Furnace was operating, this area bustled with activity as teamsters delivered and unloaded . . . Map (db m158852) HM
22Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — "Lest We Forget" — 1861 • 1898 • 1917
In memory and honor of the brave men of Jackson County who answered their country's call that liberty and justice might not perish from the earth.Map (db m209752) WM
23Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — 9-40 — 53rd O.V.I. Regiment / Camp Diamond
53rd O.V.I. Regiment. The 53rd Ohio Volunteer Regiment was mustered into service at Camp Diamond, north of Jackson, during the first year of the Civil War. Men recruited from the counties of Athens, Gallia, Jackson, Lawrence, Meigs, Pike, . . . Map (db m123900) HM
24Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — 7-40 — Commercial Apple Orchards in Jackson County / The Jackson County Apple Festival
Commercial Apple Orchards in Jackson County. The first commercial apple orchards were established in Jackson County in the late nineteenth century, although legend has it that Johnny Appleseed planted the first apple trees here around . . . Map (db m123685) HM
25Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — Donald R. Long — Sgt
Army Medal of Honor VietnamMap (db m209762) WM
26Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — In Memory of the Unknown Confederate Soldiers
In memory of the Unknown Confederate Soldiers who served under General John Hunt Morgan and died July 17, 1863 at the Battle of Berlin Heights Berlin Crossroads, OhioMap (db m212252) WM
27Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — 17 — Jackson — Morgan's Raiders: "The Scum of the South" — John Hunt Morgan Heritage Trail —
The advanced guard of Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan's Confederate raiders arrived in Jackson about 9:30 pm on July 16, 1863, and found a tree barricade near the Isham House on Main Street defended by old men and boys. Local militia forces . . . Map (db m108267) HM
28Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — Jackson County 9-11 Memorial
Jackson County Remembers 9-11-01 Never Forget In loving memory of those we lost and those who mournMap (db m209755) WM
29Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — Jackson County Veterans Flagpole
This flagpole is dedicated to all Jackson County veterans: past, present and future.Map (db m209756) WM
30Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — Jackson County Veterans Memorial
This memorial is dedicated to the men and women who served honorably in our armed forces, when called on and needed. To those who gave their lives, and to those who came home. We dedicate this with reverence and pride.Map (db m209750) WM
31Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — Jackson County Veterans Memorial
Jackson County Veterans Memorial dedicated Veterans Day November 11, 2014 In memory of those who served in the United States Armed Forces and those who lost their lives defending freedom. Civil War Veterans K.I.A. Pvt Joseph Abrams • . . . Map (db m209784) WM
32Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — James A. Rhodes — Governor, State of Ohio — 1963-1971 — 1975-1983 —
•Established Ohio’s System of Two-Year & Technical Colleges • Former President of the American Athletic Union “AAU” • Increased state support for medical education • “Jim Rhodes is the fastest wit I’ve ever met.” . . . Map (db m123814) HM
33Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — 6-40 — James Cemetery / Major John James
Side A: James Cemetery Major John James (1772-1854) established James Cemetery in 1828 on and around a Native American mound that is the only significant ancient mound remaining in the city of Jackson. The mound is about 70 feet in diameter . . . Map (db m24758) HM
34Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — James M. Compston — Pvt
Union Army Medal of Honor Civil War Map (db m209758) WM
35Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — 4-40 — John Wesley Powell / Morgan's Raid in Jackson, 1863
Side A: John Wesley Powell (1834-1902) Scientist and explorer of the American West, John Wesley Powell moved from New York to Jackson with his family in 1838 and lived here until 1846. He developed an early interest in geology from his tutor . . . Map (db m24762) HM
36Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — John Wollam — Pvt
Union Army Medal of Honor Civil War Map (db m209759) WM
37Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — Lewis R. Hall — T/Sgt
Army Medal of Honor WWII Map (db m209763) WM
38Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — 8-40 — McKinley Park / William McKinley
McKinley Park. William McKinley was the 25th President of the United States. Following McKinley’s assassination in 1901, the Village of Jackson dedicated this triangle of land as a park in his honor. Earlier in the nineteenth century, a . . . Map (db m123234) HM
39Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — POW★MIA
You are not forgottenMap (db m209760) WM
40Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — Salt Lick Village
Salt boiling - Ohio's first industry 1795-1826 Jackson County's first post office Est. 1804 Map (db m209786) HM
41Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — Salt Lick Village U.S. Post Office
An important part of Salt Lick Village is its Post Office. In 1804 the first U.S. Post Office, in what is now Jackson, was opened here. Its name was "Salt Lick". It remained so until the settlement was renamed Jackson in 1817. The trailer, now the . . . Map (db m209787) HM
42Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — The McCoy Cabin
The McCoy Cabin was presented to the Jackson Historical Society by Elaine McCoy. It had been originally constructed on her farm in Hamilton Township in the first part of the 19th century. The cabin was moved in 2015 and is now completed. The . . . Map (db m209785) HM
43Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — 5-40 — The Scioto Salt Licks / The Scioto Salt Works
Side A: The Scioto Salts Licks, located in and around Jackson, is an area where naturally occurring salt water, known as brine, flowed to the surface as a salt-water spring. It is known that the spring existed since the Pleistocene Ice Age . . . Map (db m24767) HM
44Ohio, Jackson County, Jackson — 2-40 — Trails / The Kanawha Trail
Side A: Trails Plunging herds of buffalo seeking salt licks and grazing lands wore trails through the Ohio Country when it was an Indian no-man's land. Later, Indians found the same trails suitable for their needs. The tawny paths were . . . Map (db m24768) HM
45Ohio, Jackson County, Leo — Leo Petroglyph — Reported permanently removed
On the flat surface of this rock is one of the finest examples of prehistoric Indian petroglyphs or craved writings in Ohio. These figures are carved on an exposed portion of the black Hand Sandstone bedrock which underlies much of east-central . . . Map (db m165764) HM
46Ohio, Jackson County, Leo — Leo Petroglyphs
This shelter covers a small group of petroglyphs, or rock carvings, cut into the flat sandstone surface by prehistoric Indians. This group of petroglyphs includes about 40 figures representing animals, humans, and other unidentified images. . . . Map (db m166702) HM
47Ohio, Jackson County, Leo — This shelter covers a small group of petroglyphs
This shelter covers a small group of petroglyphs, or rock carvings, cut into the flat sandstone surface by the ancestors of American Indians around 1,000 years ago. The symbols engraved here include about 40 figures representing animals, humans . . . Map (db m166704) HM
48Ohio, Jackson County, Leo — We cannot know for certain the meaning of the symbols
We cannot know for certain the meaning of the symbols, but it's possible they tell a story that was important to the ancient people who once lived here. The most iconic image on the panel is the human head with deer antlers and bird's feet, . . . Map (db m166703) HM
49Ohio, Jackson County, Leo — Welcome to Leo Petroglyphs & Natural Preserve
One of the finest examples of ancient petroglyphs in Ohio is engraved on the exposed rock protected by the shelter house. Ancestors of American Indians carved these figures onto this outcrop of the Sharon Sandstone bedrock. This sandstone is . . . Map (db m166701) HM
50Ohio, Jackson County, Oak Hill — Oak Hill's Finest Servicemen — Operation Desert Storm — 1991 —
Air Force Robert J. Carney • Terry D. Hughes • Todd Lewis Army Jason R. Carter • David E. Clarkson • Rusty Crabtree • Eric D. Faye • Wallace H. Hatfield • David Hayes • J. Scott Jackson • Jerry Klontz • Steven . . . Map (db m166706) WM
51Ohio, Jackson County, Oak Hill — Roland T. Crace Jr
In memory of Roland T. Crace, Jr. Corporal, U.S. Air Corps Killed in Action April 20, 1944Map (db m166710) WM
52Ohio, Jackson County, Oak Hill — Sergeant Donald R. Long — Congressional Medal of Honor — (Posthumously) February 8, 1968 —
On June 30 1966 Troops B and C, 1st Squadron 4th Cavalry while on a reconnaissance mission in Vietnam were attacked by a Viet Cong regiment. Sergeant Long disregarded his own safety to help the severely wounded crew on a nearby disabled carrier . . . Map (db m166709) HM WM
53Ohio, Jackson County, Oak Hill — 10-40 — Welsh-American Heritage Museum / Old Welsh Congregational Church
Welsh-American Heritage Museum. In 1972 a group of Welsh-Americans chartered the Welsh-American Heritage Museum to preserve Welsh history and culture, and to preserve the Welsh Congregational Church. The old brick church was where . . . Map (db m132470) HM
54Ohio, Jackson County, Wellston — 18 — Berlin Crossroads — Trouble at the Crossroads — John Hunt Morgan Heritage Trail —
As Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan's Confederate raiders left Jackson on Friday, July 17, 1863, they were in good spirits and singing songs. Although they had burned a mill near Berlin Crossroads, a small town located on the Marietta and . . . Map (db m108268) HM
55Ohio, Jackson County, Wellston — Berlin Heights Battlefield — July 17, 1863 — Berlin X-Roads Jackson County, Ohio —
During the Civil War at this location the Confederate forces of General Johm Hunt Morgan fought and defeated Union forces under the command of Col. Benjamin P. Runkle. Each side consisted of approximately 1.500 men The engagement began at 1:00 . . . Map (db m108273) HM
 
 
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Feb. 7, 2023