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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Licking County, Ohio
Adjacent to Licking County, Ohio
▶ Coshocton County (48) ▶ Delaware County (76) ▶ Fairfield County (68) ▶ Franklin County (389) ▶ Knox County (40) ▶ Muskingum County (63) ▶ Perry County (26)
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|Erected in memory of Alexander Devilbiss by the Citizens of Alexandria to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the platting of this village April 1830.
Alexander Devilbiss was born in Frederick County, Md., January 18th 1780; moved to Licking . . . — — Map (db m676) HM|
|This grindstone from the farm of William Mears Dawes Gristmill built 1840 on Raccoon Creek one mile west. Stone quarried by Ephraim Cutler on Ohio River, brought here on steamboat and cart by Henry Dawes, grandfather of Beman Gates Dawes, . . . — — Map (db m16710) HM|
|1853–1907. Born in Alexandria in 1853, Willoughby Dayton Miller received his primary education in a nearby one-room schoolhouse. He graduated from the University of Michigan in 1875 and then studied in Edinburgh, Scotland. Later, he traveled . . . — — Map (db m675) HM|
|In Memory of All of Our Veterans — — Map (db m13381) HM|
Formed by the retreating glacier more than 14,000 years ago, Buckeye Lake first existed as a shallow, swampy pond, named "Buffalo Swamp" by Ohio Company explorer Christopher Gist in 1751. Beginning in 1826 the State . . . — — Map (db m12959) HM|
How It All Started
In 1894, the Ohio General Assembly declared Licking Reservoir a public park by the name of Buckeye Lake. In 1904, the Columbus, Buckeye Lake and Newark Traction Company's Interurban Electric Railway was completed. Joining . . . — — Map (db m12962) HM|
Using a four-mile long dam, the state of Ohio impounded the Licking Summit Reservoir in the mid-1820s to supply water for the Ohio and Erie Canal. In 1894, the state renamed it Buckeye Lake and developed it for recreational . . . — — Map (db m12960) HM|
| Hartford Township
Established in 1819
Dedicates this marker to Our Veterans
Marker sponsored by
The Licking County Veteran’s Service Commission
A Licking County Historical Society initiative 2008 — — Map (db m108928) WM|
| West side
James Wheelock 2nd Lieut.
Co. F 113 Regt. O.V.I. killed at
Chickamuga Ga. Sept. 1863
Stewart J. Ogilive Corp.
Co. F 113 Regt. O.V.I. killed at
Chickamauga Ga. Sept. 20, 1863
Co. F 113 Regt. O.V.I. killed . . . — — Map (db m108927) WM|
|Etna Township was formed from Harrison and Lima Townships in 1833. The village of Etna lies in the middle of the township from which it derives its name. Etna was laid out by Lyman Turrill, formerly from Vermont, in 1832 with lots selling for $3.00 . . . — — Map (db m97467) HM|
|For more than 10,000 years, Flint Ridge was one of the most important flint quarries in eastern North America. The flint formed at the bottom of a shallow ocean 300 million years ago. The softer rocks surrounding the flint have washed away, leaving . . . — — Map (db m12949) HM|
|Flint Ridge is a chain of long, narrow hills extending from a few miles east of Newark almost to Zanesville, a distance of more than twenty miles. The surface of these hills is underlain with an irregular layer of flint, which may be only a few . . . — — Map (db m12958) HM|
|This facility recognizes Gilbert W. Dilley (1902-1996), a life-long student of Ohio history; an avid collector of Ohio Indian artifacts; a long standing trustee, past president, and generous benefactor of the Ohio Historical Society; and a true . . . — — Map (db m12950) HM|
|On this bluff lies one of the two great animal effigy mounds built by Ohio's prehistoric people. Shown here, Alligator Mound is a giant earthen sculpture of some four-footed animal with a long, curving tail. Archaeologists believe the animal is . . . — — Map (db m17482) HM|
An Early Center of Education
Just three weeks after reaching Granville, pioneer villagers decided on December 9, 1805 to build a log cabin where eighty children would attend school. By 1820, public school classes were being . . . — — Map (db m94593) HM|
|Built by William Stedman in 1816 of local stone, this building served as the Bank of the Alexandrian Society, which printed its own currency. The bank failed in 1817 and 1837. This building has also been used as a store, post office, and inter-urban . . . — — Map (db m125) HM|
|Dedicated to the memory of
Harry David Bolen
1892 - 1976
He loved life.... He loved people....
He gave of himself that
others might enjoy life.... — — Map (db m12609) HM|
|Founding of Granville,
The Licking Company.
In 1804 a group of neighbors in Granville, Massachusetts and Granby, Connecticut formed The Licking Company for the purpose of moving to "Newlands" in Ohio. Inspired and informed by the settlement . . . — — Map (db m12607) HM|
|A planned village and early center of education founded by New Englanders in 1805 — — Map (db m12602) HM|
|The Granville Opera House stood on this site for one hundred years. Built as a Baptist church in 1849, the building was moved here in 1882. On April 7, 1982, it was destroyed by fire.
This bell from the church tower was first rung on Sunday June . . . — — Map (db m12608) HM|
|Located 100 yards southeast of this marker is the boyhood home of Major General Charles Griffin. Born in 1825, he graduated from West Point in 1847 and rose to prominence during the Civil War. Griffin fought in most of the major engagements of the . . . — — Map (db m688) HM|
|Granville, Ohio, was settled in 1805 by the Licking Company, a group formed in Granville, Massachusetts, and Granby Connecticut, for the purpose of emigrating west. The Old Colony Burying Ground was defined on the first town plat of Granville in . . . — — Map (db m757) HM|
|In 1823, work was being completed on a parsonage for the Congregational Church. Because impending cold weather would cause the mortar to fail, the pastor gave permission for work to continue on the Sabbath. The congregation..."was horrified, . . . — — Map (db m163051) HM|
The Elias Gilman House
The original structure, the central portion of the current house, is the oldest frame building in the village. It was built in 1808 by Elias Gilman, a prominent figure from Granville Massachusetts, who . . . — — Map (db m94592) HM|
|The Granville Academy
The Granville Congregational Church erected this building in 1833 for its Female Academy and a church meeting room. The school prospered and, in 1837, moved to make way for the Granville Male Academy. The Welsh . . . — — Map (db m12604) HM|
|Built in 1842 in the Greek Revival Architectural Style for Alfred Avery from designs by Minard Lefever, the house subsequently served as a home for the Spelman (1845-1873), Downer and Cole families (1873-1902). The Phi Gamma Delta (1902-1930) and . . . — — Map (db m126) HM|
|The path lies on the rail bed of the Toledo and Ohio Central Railroad, the first railroad constructed through this region in 1877. Primarily a coal hauling line from the mines of the Ohio River valley to northwest Ohio, the T & OC also offered the . . . — — Map (db m758) HM|
|This fraternity house, built in 1930, has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior. Mu Chapter of Sigma Chi. Chartered March 2, 1868. — — Map (db m301) HM|
|At this site on July 4, 1825, Governor DeWitt Clinton of New York turned the first shovelful of dirt for the Ohio Canal. The ceremony was attended by area citizens of Master Masons.
In the early 1840’s James A. Garfield, who was to become the . . . — — Map (db m2377) HM|
In August 1973, the U.S. Congress Designated a cross-country stretch of interstate as the "Dwight D. Eisenhower Highway," in tribute to President Eisenhower's early recognition of the need for national network of highways to enhance the mobility . . . — — Map (db m166453) HM|
|Located at the crossing of the Ohio and Erie Canal and the National Road, Hebron was a favored commercial and agricultural center for Licking County in the nineteenth century. Only four miles north of the city Governor DeWitt Clinton of New York . . . — — Map (db m13878) HM|
| Where the Water Met the Road
While the citizens of St. Clairsville, in eastern Ohio, celebrated the groundbreaking for the National Road on July 4, 1825, construction began on the Ohio & Erie Canal on the same day at Licking Summit (now . . . — — Map (db m97542) HM|
|The village of Hebron lost its first mill to a fire in 1881. By the mid 1880’s, a new mill took its place and continued operation into the 1990’s, making it the longest running business in Hebron. by 1891, the Hebron Mill converted from water power . . . — — Map (db m97543) HM|
|The Hebron Milling Company building was built in 1880 where the National Trail (Route 40) and the Ohio Canal crossed in the village of Hebron. The building sat on the edge of the “turning basin” in the village, where canal boats docked . . . — — Map (db m13879) HM|
|In memory of all of our veterans — — Map (db m12941) HM|
|To Honor those Who served our Country in war and peace.
Metal badges representing Veteran's organizations from the various wars are displayed around the marker. — — Map (db m12722) HM|
| Major General William Starke RosecransSoldier, engineer, and statesman, W.S. Rosecrans was born in Delaware County in 1819 and grew up in Homer. He graduated from West Point in 1842. During the Civil War, Rosecrans commanded the federal Army of . . . — — Map (db m12712) HM|
Born in Homer in 1838, Victoria Claflin proved to be a woman with visions that exceeded her time. Victoria and her sister Tennessee, in 1870, became the first women stockbrokers in the country. Her opinions . . . — — Map (db m12713) HM|
|Spring, 1800, Benjamin Green and family become the first legal settlers in Licking County, followed by the Stadden family; Col. John Stadden marries Elizabeth Green on Christmas Day. Spring, 1801, clearings cut for cabins on Hog Run; Johnny . . . — — Map (db m13132) HM|
Hedge Lettering, 2,040 ft.
planted 1930 & 40; replanted 1990 & 91
The Dawes Arboretum
These evergreens forming the word “Dawes”
were planted by and dedicated to
Volunteers of the Dawes . . . — — Map (db m13133) HM|
|In Memory of
Fallen Firemen — — Map (db m12940) HM|
| Side A: Johnstown Cemetery
In 1810, Dr. Oliver Bigelow from Cayuga County, New York, purchased a 4,000-acre tract of land in Monroe Township from John Brown of Boone County, Kentucky, for the sum of $10,000. President John Adams had . . . — — Map (db m16711) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m25579) HM|
| Remembering all veterans and their unfailing love of country; loyalty to its institutions and ideals; eagerness to defend it against all enemies; undivided allegiance to the flag; and a desire to secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and . . . — — Map (db m25529) HM|
|As a small “pike” town on the National Road, Kirkersville experienced the evolution of transportation from the days of horse and wagon to the automobile. It was the advent of the interurban that not only brought another mode of transit . . . — — Map (db m97514) HM|
|The Act of Congress in 1806 which authorized the construction of the National Road required that mile markers be placed at regular intervals. These reference points reassured travelers that they were following the correct route. They also indicated . . . — — Map (db m97516) HM|
| This "Double Arrow" Wrought Iron Fence was installed around the home of Judge Jerome Buckingham at 70 North Third Street in about 1835.
It was generously given by Dennis Crowley, a retired Newark fireman, to J. Gilbert Reese and James W. Pyle . . . — — Map (db m97314) HM|
|The A.H. Heisey & Co. produced high quality, hand-wrought glass in Newark, Ohio beginning in 1896. Glass originally produced by pressing was intended to simulate cut glass making elegant glass affordable to more families. Heisey was an innovator in . . . — — Map (db m12561) HM|
|United States of America
Congressional Medal of Honor Recipients
State of Ohio, Licking County
Hanna, Milton Sergeant Tennessee 1863
Inscho, Leonidas H. 1st Lt Maryland 1862 . . . — — Map (db m12876) HM|
|During the 1830s, the Ohio & Erie Canal was built through Newark. The Lockmaster's House was home to the lockmaster of Lock #9. In 1852, the first railroad locomotive steamed into Newark, signaling the beginning of the end for the canal. By 1871, . . . — — Map (db m12582) HM|
| The Great Circle Earthworks [,] one remnant of the largest complex of geometric earthen enclosures ever built. The Newark Earthworks, situated on a high terrace between the South Fork of the Licking River and Raccoon Creek, once covered more . . . — — Map (db m155729) HM|
|On July 8, 1910 Deputy Marshal Carl Etherington was killed
for enforcing the County Option Law, which prohibited the
sale of alcohol in Licking County. The County Option Law
was a result of the Rose Law of 1908 and a precursor to
the National . . . — — Map (db m117887) HM|
|Considered the youngest ever to serve, Clem ran away from home at the age of 9 yrs. and 10 mos. to join the Union Army. At Snodgrass Hill, as a drummer boy in Co. “C” 22nd Michigan Volunteer Infantry, he won the sobriquet "The Drummer . . . — — Map (db m12579) HM|
|As a private in the infantry of the 1st United States Regiment, and during the years 1805 to 1807, John Sparks (1758-1846) acted as guide, scout, and hunter for the two expeditions of Zebulon Pike, which helped to open up largely unknown areas in . . . — — Map (db m12875) HM|
|July 8, 1910 was a dark day in local history. Carl Etherington, a detective with the Anti-Saloon League of Ohio, had come to Newark to raid saloons and speakeasies for illegal alcohol. Etherington shot local saloon owner William Howard in . . . — — Map (db m117853) HM|
|Tuberculosis, or TB, is a contagious disease that
was responsible for the deaths of one out of every
seven people in the U.S. in the early 20th century.
The Licking County Tuberculosis Sanatorium,
known as the TB San, was constructed in . . . — — Map (db m142456) HM|
The present house was built in 1869 by Dixon Brown, a Somerset, Ohio merchant, as a wedding present for his daughter, Ella Brown McCune.
The second owner, Melville O. Baker, occupied the house from 1879-1893, when Mr. Baker moved to . . . — — Map (db m97336) HM|
|A Wonder of the World
These walls were once the center of an ancient civilization. The Octagon Earthworks, like a modern cathedral or county fairgrounds, were a focal point for the social and religious activities of the Hopewell people about . . . — — Map (db m17487) HM|
|On this site in 1894, the Soldiers' and Sailors' Memorial Building was erected to honor those from Licking County who died in the Civil War. The original building facade was destroyed by fire in 1968. The building also housed the Auditorium Theater, . . . — — Map (db m97335) HM|
|County Commissioner 1969-1996
Dedicated November 16, 1996 — — Map (db m12879) HM|
|Newark's first hospital opened on this site in January 1898. In 1906, the building was moved to 22 Wyoming and attached to an existing structure, creating a 22-bed hospital. In December 1914, a new hospital opened at the corners of Everett and Buena . . . — — Map (db m12874) HM|
|The Park National Bank dedicates this building to
John W. Alford
His leadership, judgement, dedication and integrity have been of inestimable value to this bank and this community for 50 years — — Map (db m12512) HM|
The Newark Earthworks is truly one of the most magnificent prehistoric Indian sites in the eastern United States. Covering an area two miles square, it once was the largest earthworks complex in Ohio. The main components of the site are the large . . . — — Map (db m155655) HM|
|The form of this mound is unique among all the known Hopewellian mounds. Some 19th century archaeologists thought that the builders had planned to extend a set of parallel walls from the circle, bu thene changed their minds and blocked off the stubs . . . — — Map (db m18101) HM|
|Dedicated as a lasting tribute to the men and women of Newark who served and died in honor of their country. This memorial is dedicated in sincere tribute to those men and women of Newark who served and died in all wars. “The freedom of a . . . — — Map (db m12563) HM|
|Ancient Architecture Now Lost
The two earthen walls before you are remnants of one of the wonders of the ancient world. They were part of the Newark Earthworks, the largest set of geometric enclosures ever built. Much like a modern cathedral . . . — — Map (db m17485) HM|
|Arriving in 1853, the Central Ohio Railroad called this place “Kirkersville Station,” and it was later changed by stationmaster James Outcalt, who renamed the town Outville after himself. As rail traffic increased in Ohio, a successor . . . — — Map (db m16712) HM|
|Born in New Jersey, Richard and Sarah Conine, the founders of the village of Pataskala, moved to Lima Township and lived on this site as early as 1821 when Richard established a grist mill nearby. Their homestead also served as a stagecoach stop on . . . — — Map (db m13876) HM|
|The first school in what is now Pataskala was a “subscription school” operated by Amariah Cubberly on the nearby banks of the South Fork of the Licking River in the 1820s. Subscription schools, which charged fees, were the forerunners of . . . — — Map (db m13880) HM|
Dedicated to Veterans
of All U.S.A. Wars
November 11, 1993
"For history does not long
entrust the care of freedom
to the weak or the timid"
Dedicated Nov. 11, 2009 — — Map (db m35293) HM|
|Old National Road, built 1825, rebuilt 1914 through the efforts of James M. Cox, Governor of Ohio. Columbus 39 ms. Cumberland 720 ms. — — Map (db m274) HM|
|For nearly fifty years prior to 1914, almost no maintenance had been carried out on “the pike”, the National Road. By the early 20th century, bicyclists, automobile owners, postal service, and the trucking industry were demanding better . . . — — Map (db m98521) HM|
|This grist mill erected by an early settler, Clarence McKnight, was one of the largest on the frontier. The entire mill was powered by an overshot water wheel. The existing 2,000 pound water wheel is 18 feet in diameter.
Restoration began in . . . — — Map (db m19869) HM|
|During the 18th century ice cream was a rarity and considered a dish of the very wealthy. This was because ice was difficult to come by until the widespread use of “ice harvesting” and the insulated icehouse.
Then the number of . . . — — Map (db m19870) HM|
|Long time residence of S. Dwight and Ethel Jewett
Donated to Utica Historical Society for use as a meeting place and museum by the family of Ned B. Hufford, Utica resident and businessman who died December 12, 1993 June, 1997 — — Map (db m13855) HM|