"Make 10 miles and camp at a considerable sized creek
[Ashland Creek], the best camp we have had for several
[days.] Road very good. High mountains around."
- Virgil K. Pringle, Oct 11, 1846 — — Map (db m152442) HM
At 7533 feet, Mt. Ashland in the Siskiyou Mountains is the highest point in the headwaters of Ashland Creek. The coarse granitic soils on its steep slopes are highly erodible. Management of the watershed tries to minimize the disturbance to protect . . . — — Map (db m112522) HM
The Lithia Fountain was installed on the Ashland Plaza in late 1927. In the 1900s, Lithia Water, which comes from the Pompadour Chief Spring, nearly four miles east of downtown, was the focus of a city-wide development plan that hoped to transform . . . — — Map (db m112521) HM
At this location on December 17, 1887 at 5:04PM the Golden Spike was symbolically driven by Charles Crocker of the Southern Pacific Railroad. This final connection completed freight and passenger service around the nation.
Mileage 428.8 . . . — — Map (db m160778) HM
On December 17, 1887, Charles Crocker Drove The Golden Spike In The Rail Yard Just South Of This Point; Connecting The Oregon & California Tracks From The North With Those Of The California & Oregon, Now The Southern Pacific, From the South. This . . . — — Map (db m145727) HM
Long before the first Euro-American emigrants trekked westward, this road was a trail used by the Takelma and Shasta Peoples as a trade route. With the arrival of settlers and gold-seekers, the trail quickly became a wagon road called ‘Indian Market . . . — — Map (db m112524) HM
Named for its hundreds of fresh water springs, lush glades and meadows, the Greensprings has for millenia been a seasonal gathering place for Native Americans and later provided refuge for travelers. In 1846, Levi Scott and the Applegate brothers, . . . — — Map (db m113544) HM
This toll road was constructed in 1858-1860 by the Thomas brothers. It was owned and operated by Lindsey Applegate, 1860-1869, and later by James Thornton and Jesse Dollarhide. It was replaced by the Pacific Highway in 1915. — — Map (db m112500) HM
This toll road was constructed in 1858-1860 by the Thomas brothers. It was owned and operated by Lindsey Applegate, 1860-1869, and later by James Thornton and Jesse Dollarhide. It was replaced by the Pacific Highway in 1915. — — Map (db m134508) HM
Used for centuries by Shasta and other Native people, this low gap between the Rogue and Klamath watershed was crossed by Peter Skene Ogden, led by Shasta Guides, on February 9, 1827. With Ogden was a mounted group of Hudson’s Bay . . . — — Map (db m134504) HM
In the spring of 1846 pioneers settling in the western valleys of Oregon encouraged the opening of an alternate wagon route from the states to their settlements—one that avoided the perils of the Columbia River, and one free of control by . . . — — Map (db m128076) HM
When settlers crossed on the Applegate Trail, sugar pine trees dominated this landscape. Native Americans had seasonal camps and purposefully managed the sugar pines, including using a hook-ladder to move up the tiered . . . — — Map (db m112589) HM
Volcanic cinders from Mt. McLoughlin, deposited over 20,000 acres, act as a large underground reservoir.
Large springs on the edges of the deposit provide domestic and industrial water to Medford.
Timber to the north and west harvested . . . — — Map (db m112880) HM
In 1910 a lightning caused fire ravaged 12,000 acres on these slopes, destroying valuable timber.
Nature has replaced many of the trees through natural seeding. This can be seen by the young saplings below the line of mature timber near the . . . — — Map (db m112879) HM
On August 1, 1929, while fighting the Camas Creek fire in Washington, Douglas C. Ingram lost his life. This Ponderosa pine, a seedling at the time of his death, is preserved in his memory as a monument to his guidance and inspirations to all land . . . — — Map (db m112837) HM
Early-day explorers, settlers, and rangers named some the the places in the forest. "Whiskey Spring" apparently received its name as part of an "alcoholic" theme, along with "Rye Spring" and "Bourbon Spring" to the south. Also a few miles to the . . . — — Map (db m112878) HM
In 1863, on this site, Robert Vinton Beall, an Oregon Trail pioneer and relative to four Maryland governors, built one of the first frame buildings in Jackson County, a Gothic Revival house that is listed on the National Historic Register. Beall and . . . — — Map (db m129534) HM
The first ferry near this site was established before 1854 by T. Thompson. It was known as Hailey’s Ferry, 1855-1860. William Bybee operated the ferry from 1863 to 1886, when the first Bybee Bridge was constructed. — — Map (db m113867) HM
First post office in Jackson County established October 15, 1852 in the cabin of Col. William G. T'Vault (1806-1869)
Col. T'Vault was the editor of Oregon's first newspaper "The Oregon Spectator". He was postmaster general of the Oregon . . . — — Map (db m113722) HM
We honor all Oregonians who served our state and nation,
who shed their blood in defense of God, Family and Country.
They are Oregon's Fallen War Heroes.
We honor for their valor the men and women
whose names are engraved on these . . . — — Map (db m113049) WM
Honoring the courageous men, led by
General Joseph Lane
who on Sept. 10, 1853 met near this spot
and signed a treaty of peace
with the Rogue River Indians.
Col. John E.Ross, Capt. J. W. Nesmith, Capt. L. F. Mosher
Capt. A. J. Smith, . . . — — Map (db m112905) HM WM
The oldest 2-story brick building in Central Point, the Rostel building was initially built in 1889 by John C. Kurth, cornetist and music teacher and J.W. Miller, a Medford wagon builder. The failure of an anticipated railroad-associated economic . . . — — Map (db m148944) HM
The family of Earl and LaRue Morris moved to Southern Oregon from Illinois in the early 1940s after an acquaintance bragged of large amounts of gold in a mine near Blackwell Hill.
The Morris brothers father was a mining engineer, but he had a . . . — — Map (db m148947) HM
Covered Bridge 202 originally was the Yankee Creek Covered Bridge carrying vehicle traffic across Antelope Creek on Yankee Creek Road. The City of Eagle Point obtained Bridge 202 from Jackson County and moved it to the Little Butte Creek location in . . . — — Map (db m113902) HM
Mary Louisa Black planted this shagbark hickory near her home in 1866 from nuts she carried from Missouri on the Oregon Trail in 1865. Of the nuts she planted, two grew into trees. This tree is the lone survivor of snow, . . . — — Map (db m112564) HM
On the National Register of Historic Places, the world famous Butte Creek
Mill is the only grist mill in Oregon still grinding flour.
Built on the banks of Little Butte Creek in 1872, under the name Snowy
Butte Mill, local farmers would bring . . . — — Map (db m113901) HM
Gold discovered on hill across Rogue River in 1860. Land for Gold Hill donated by Thomas & Rose Chavner in 1884. Railroad built in 1887. Town Inc. Feb. 12, 1895. First school in Methodist Church in 1889. Electricity came from Gold Rey Dam in 1904. . . . — — Map (db m99286) HM
The first toll bridge near this site was built before 1859. The wooden covered bridge
was at one time operational by the Rock Point Bridge Company. It was later purchased
by Jackson County and operated as a free bridge until it was replaced by the . . . — — Map (db m112886) HM
J.B. White founded the small Community of Rock Point in the early 1850's. John fought in the Rouge Indian Wars. In exchange for his service he received land, and developed a homestead on the north side of the stage road. The land was sold to L. J. . . . — — Map (db m99258) HM
Gold was discovered in the sands of the Rogue River in 1849. Overshadowed by the excitement generated by the gold fields in California, mining did not begin here until 1851-52. The discovery of rich placers on Jackson Creek brought prospectors from . . . — — Map (db m112580) HM
The Takelma, which means "People of the River," had a village here. According to legend, Ti'lomikh (Te lo meekh) is where Daldal, the Great Dragonfly, brought the Salmon Ceremony. Although the date of the first ceremony is unknown, the People of the . . . — — Map (db m99316) HM
The Takelma, which means "People of the River," had a village here. According to legend, Ti'lomikh (Te lo meekh) is where Daldal, the Great Dragonfly, brought the Salmon Ceremony. Although the date of the first ceremony is unknown, the People of the . . . — — Map (db m99319) HM
The world of the Takelma people could be viewed from Titanakh, Table Rocks. Of the two major groups of the Takelma, the Dagelma resided west from here, while the Latgawa extended to the east. These people gathered grass seed, acorns and camas; . . . — — Map (db m112581) HM
(Seven panels dealing with topics related to the Applegate Trail are found at this kiosk.)
The Applegate Trail
Southern Route to Oregon
In 1846, Jesse Applegate and fourteen others from near Dallas, Oregon, . . . — — Map (db m112656) HM
A ford across the Rogue River, 1/4 mile south of this point, was used by the Hudson's Bay Company as early as 1827; by the US Navy Wilkes Expedition in 1841; and by pioneers of the Applegate Trail. Mr. Long built the first permanent non-Indian . . . — — Map (db m112767) HM
"Father and I rode down to Jacksonville about 10 miles
from Wagner's Fort. The country is very fine. The town is
wedged up into the mountain but the mines are all stopped
Business is very dull" - Welborn Beeson, Sep 4, 1853 — — Map (db m149048) HM
At the turn of the century, the Beekman Bank Well was a refreshing stop for two seasonal creeks, Jacksonville suffered from an inadequate domestic water supply for 60 years following the 1852 gold rush. This old well is one of several wells dug in . . . — — Map (db m113397) HM
This is the boyhood home of the famous Bozo the Clown.
Vance DeBar Colvig was born here in Jacksonville on September 11, 1892. He was the youngest of the seven children of Judge William and Helen Colvig. He was later nicknamed "Pinto" by his . . . — — Map (db m112903) HM
On March 22, 1862, the day of his son Emil's birth, Peter Britt planted this giant sequoia by his home. Britt was a pioneer photographer, skilled horticulturist, and leader in Southern Oregon's lucrative fruit . . . — — Map (db m112590) HM
Built in 1866 as a one room schoolhouse for Catholic boys, it became the rectory for Father F.X. Blanchet in 1870. An addition was built in 1891. St. Joseph's Catholic Church became a mission of Medford in 1908 the rectory became a private . . . — — Map (db m91767) HM
In the 1860s the view from this spot on Main street would have looked much different than it does today. During the the Gold Rush boom of the 1850s, Jacksonville's early merchants and shopkeepers located their businesses along . . . — — Map (db m112901) HM
The City Hall was built 1880-81 at a cost of $2500.00, which included the price of the land. A meeting hall for the town's Board of Trustees, and office area for the town recorder, two jail cells, and accommodations for fire fighting equipment were . . . — — Map (db m91781) HM
as Partners in Communications and Education
A RESEARCH PROJECT BY GRIFFIN CREEK STUDENTS
SALUTES THE HISTORY OF LOCAL TELEPHONE SERVICE
First Phone Line - 1890
Sunset Telephone Company - 1898
Home Telephone Company - . . . — — Map (db m112894) HM
Imagine a town hit by a citywide chair shortage. According to at least one pioneer of 1852 this happened in early day Jacksonville.
Word of situation must have reached Yreka, California, where carpenter and builder David Linn was mining for . . . — — Map (db m122887) HM
The first gold miners on this site in 1851 were in the right place at the right time. They found gold on Jackson Creek, possibly along the base of the hill across the parking lot. No one knows for certain; the route of the creek has changed . . . — — Map (db m112895) HM
Both horses and horsepower figure prominently in this site's past. In the 1860s, William J. Plymale (1837-1904) opened a livery stable at Oregon and "D" streets. He sold feed and kept horses and buggies on hand.
Steam Driven Horsepower . . . — — Map (db m112896) HM
Imagine this site in the 1890’s. A small but serviceable locomotive, belching steam and smoke, rumbles up to the little depot on the corner. Commuters step from a single passenger car and quickly disperse. Further down the track, in the train yard . . . — — Map (db m113390) HM
Peter Britt was one of Jacksonville's best known and respected pioneers. He is remembered for the pictures he took and the plants he grew.
An avid gardener, Britt surrounded his home with ornamental shrubs and exotic trees, which he started . . . — — Map (db m122903) HM
Peter Britt was an extraordinary man of vision and accomplishment. His curiosity, motivation and experimental nature, matched with a keen business sense, allowed him to merge broad-ranging interests into a wide assortment of successful endeavors. . . . — — Map (db m122890) HM
It was in early November 1852, when 33-year-old Peter Britt arrived in Jacksonville pushing a two-wheeled cart full of photographic equipment. He selected a home site on this very hillside, with its magnificent view, to build a small log cabin for . . . — — Map (db m112900) HM
This simple frame building — listed on the National Register of Historic Places - is one of the oldest Forest Service structures in the country. Known for many years as the “tack room,” it has served a variety of purposes since its . . . — — Map (db m113409) HM
Gold was first discovered on this portion of Jackson Creek in 1851. Mining continued at this site surrounding the Jacksonville Library for many years. During the 1930s, the decade of the Great Depression, Southern Oregon was a resurgence of its gold . . . — — Map (db m122886) HM
(Marker 1) On this site, in the year 1859, Warren Lodge No. 10 Ancient Free and Accepted Masons erected the first Masonic temple in southern Oregon. Jackson County used the first floor as a courthouse and purchased the building in 1867. The . . . — — Map (db m112899) HM
Destined to become the region’s largest city and a major economic hub, Medford began in 1883 when the railroad came to Southern Oregon.
In the fall of 1883, four property owners deeded part of their land to the Oregon and California . . . — — Map (db m120987) HM
"The roads today were excellent and the face of nature
appeared full as interesting as yesterday Followed
down Rogue River [Bear Creek] about 12 mi[le]s & camp"
-Lester Hulin, Oct 15, 1847 — — Map (db m152444) HM
We continued our journey towards Jacksonville this morning,
designing to find a suitable place to graze our cattle until we
can find a shelter for our families...we then proceeded across
a prairie...where we encamped" - William Hoffman, Oct . . . — — Map (db m152446) HM
The Cuthbert Building, constructed in 1910, was built by the Big Bend Milling Company. Franklin Cuthbert's furniture originally occupied the building. The building has housed a series of department stores. In 1920, the Golden Rule Mercantile Co., a . . . — — Map (db m92072) HM
This small grove of Comice pear trees are the only remaining of an original planting known as Harry & David Bear Creek Orchards Block 1A. Harry & David Corporation became internationally renowned in 1932 when they began marketing their gift boxes of . . . — — Map (db m113351) HM
Quarter section corner located on the west line of section 30 township 37 south, range 1 west of the Willamette Meridian. A wood post first established this position in 1854 by government surveyors Butler Ives and George Hyde. In 1893 the present . . . — — Map (db m160888) HM
This single-story concrete structure was built in 1926 for the Medford Auto Company, and is one of many similar structures built on this portion of the Pacific Highway referred to as "auto row" from 1925 to 1930. This building was home to the Buick . . . — — Map (db m112838) HM
With railroad access to distant markets, the orchard industry flourished. Hundreds of thousands of apple and pear trees were planted in the early 1900s, and commercial fruit became the Rogue Valley's major export.
Promoters widely . . . — — Map (db m120989) HM
On October 27, 1883, C. Mingus, c.w. Broback, I.J. Phipps and C.C. Beekman, deeded in excess of two hundred acres for a townsite plus twenty acres for a railroad depot to the Oregon and California railroad company.
Charles Howard and his father, . . . — — Map (db m113405) HM
"There used to be a baseball park at this site."
Named in honor of Claude "Shorty” Miles
June 14, 1969
"Shorty” Miles played a leading role for many years in supporting youth baseball
and in rebuilding the former . . . — — Map (db m153553) HM
"Newell Barber Field," Medford's first airport, was established in 1920 and remained in this area until 1929. The airport was named for Newell Barber (1900-1918), a young pilot who lost his life while flying a mission over France during WW I. . . . — — Map (db m113721) HM WM
With the faith and courage of
their forefathers who made
possible the freedom of these
The Boy Scouts of America
dedicate this copy of the
Statue of Liberty as a pledge
of everlasting fidelity and
loyalty . . . — — Map (db m112539) HM
Waverly Cottage, also known as the Shone-Charley House, was constructed in 1895 by Joe Shone in the Queen Anne/Eastlake Style. Shone was born in England in 1865, and arrived in Medford in 1895 with a wife and two children. Designed by architect W. . . . — — Map (db m129549) HM
When the nation entered World War II, Medford transformed into a military town. Construction of Camp White, a nearby Army training post, began about six weeks after the December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. The Army also took over the city . . . — — Map (db m120990) HM
In Honor of the Following Pioneers who in the Year
1846 Blazed the First Trail Through the Wilderness
of Southern Oregon and the Rogue River Valley
Lindsay Applegate — Robert Smith — John Jones
Jesse Applegate — Moses . . . — — Map (db m122982) HM
This camp was first established as a fort during the Rogue River Indian War. Reactivated at the opening of the Civil War and garrisoned by the Baker guards of the 1st Oregon Infantry
Named in honor of Colonel E.D. Baker killed in the Battle of . . . — — Map (db m148952) HM
Applegate Trail emigrants required up to four days to travel from the Klamath River over the Cascades and Siskiyous to the Rouge River valley. The journey may have challenged those with healthy oxen, but it was a devastating trail for those whose . . . — — Map (db m88403) HM
In July 1846 Jesse Applegate, Levi Scott and thirteen others known as "The South Road Party" located this pioneer trail. It was used by the emigrants traveling from Fort Hall on the Oregon Trail to the Rogue River and Willamette Valleys between . . . — — Map (db m88005) HM
Southern Route to Oregon
In 1846, Jesse Applegate and fourteen others from near Dallas, Oregon, established a trail south from the Willamette Valley and east to Fort Hall. This route offered emigrants an alternative to the perilous . . . — — Map (db m88017) HM
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