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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Custer County, South Dakota

 
Clickable Map of Custer County, South Dakota and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Custer County, SD (37) Fall River County, SD (21) Oglala Lakota County, SD (3) Pennington County, SD (78) Niobrara County, WY (20) Weston County, WY (17)  CusterCounty(37) Custer County (37)  FallRiverCounty(21) Fall River County (21)  OglalaLakotaCounty(3) Oglala Lakota County (3)  PenningtonCounty(78) Pennington County (78)  NiobraraCountyWyoming(20) Niobrara County (20)  WestonCounty(17) Weston County (17)
Custer is the county seat for Custer County
Adjacent to Custer County, South Dakota
      Fall River County (21)  
      Oglala Lakota County (3)  
      Pennington County (78)  
      Niobrara County, Wyoming (20)  
      Weston County, Wyoming (17)  
 
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1South Dakota (Custer County), Buffalo Gap — 469 — Jedediah Strong Smith’s Route - - 1823
On U.S. 79 near County Route 101, on the right when traveling north.
First white man in the Black Hills, this courageous and brawny beaver trapper in 1823 led a dozen Mountain Men from Fort Kiowa to the Yellowstone. His party entered the Black Hills via the old bison trail through Buffalo Gap near here. Born in . . . Map (db m89396) HM
2South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — “The Badger Hole”
On Badger Clark Road at Badger Hole, on the right when traveling south on Badger Clark Road.
Home of Charles Badger Clark (1883-1957) Poet- Laureate Author, Lecturer and one of South Dakota's best known and beloved citizens. For approximately thirty years Badger lived alone and wrote in the cabin built with his own . . . Map (db m203436) HM
3South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — A Legacy of DebateDid the Gold Rush Forever Tarnish the Black Hills?
Near U.S. 16A east of Lower French Creek Road, on the right when traveling east.
Between 1874-1876, thousands of citizens illegally entered the Black Hills in search of gold. Every gold panner, newspaper article, and frontier story told of great wealth and encouraged the onslaught of the region. The military made vain efforts . . . Map (db m121400) HM
4South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — An Agreement Between CulturesThe Fort Laramie Treaty Created the Great Sioux Reservation
Near U.S. 16A east of Lower French Creek Road, on the right when traveling east.
Cultural conflicts erupted across the western Great Plains during the 1860s. Expanding railroads and frontier posts located in traditional hunting grounds impacted the various tribes in the northern plains. Restrictions on westward settlement . . . Map (db m121397) HM
5South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — An Expedition of Mixed OutcomesThe Custer Expedition of 1874 Ignited Interest in the Black Hills
Near U.S. 16A east of Lower French Creek Road, on the right when traveling east.
An economic crash in 1873 affected the entire nation. The government, pressured to boost the economy, needed to explore new land. Open land for settlement and rich resources would create markets and new jobs. George A. Custer and his . . . Map (db m121398) HM
6South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — 588 — Anna Donna Tallent
On Lower French Creek Road, 0.2 miles south of Stockade Lake Drive (U.S. 16A), on the left when traveling south.
In Memory of Anna Donna Tallent Teacher and Author. Born in New York State April 12, 1827. Died in Sturgis, S. Dakota February 13, 1901. The first white woman to enter the Black Hills. Arriving in Custer City in December . . . Map (db m185226) HM
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7South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — 448 — Campsite of General Custer's ExpeditionAugust 1 - 6, 1874
On Stockade Lake Road (U.S. 16) close to County Route 346.
This picturesque valley was the site of the permanent camp of the Black Hills Expedition of 1874 under the command of General George A. Custer of the 7th Cavalry. Their 5 day stay was the longest stop made during the entire expedition and General . . . Map (db m180983) HM
8South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Cecil C. Gideon
On U.S. 16A, 0.6 miles west of Wildlife Loop Road, on the left when traveling west.
The State Game Lodge was built by Cecil C. Gideon Contractor-Builder in 1919-1922 A.R. Van Dyck - Architect Monroe Nystrom - Stonemason All three were from the Minneapolis area. Gideon and his wife Elma Mary were the genial hosts . . . Map (db m202736) HM
9South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Civilian Conservation Corps Camp
Near South Playhouse Road east of Needles Highway (State Highway 87).
Camp SP-4 (DSP-2): Lodge: located in the buildings seen here. Companies: 2755–7/16/34 - 10/21/35 795–10/29/35 - 1/13/36 1793–4/27/36 - 7/30/42 The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal relief program during 1933 - 1942 gave jobless . . . Map (db m203658) HM
10South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — 516 — Civilian Conservation Corps CampCamp SP-3 / Camp Narrows — French Creek —
On State Highway 87, 0.5 miles north of Lame Johnny Road, on the left when traveling north.
Camp SP-3 (DSP-1 in 1934): NE 2 miles, end of CSP road on French Creek. Company: 2757 - 7/28/34-10/1/41. The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal work-relief program during the Great Depression. From 1933 to 1942, the CCC provided work for . . . Map (db m124589) HM
11South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — 531 — Civilian Conservation Corps Camp
On Mt. Rushmore Road (U.S. 16) at Lightning Creek Road (Forest Road 288), on the right when traveling west on Mt. Rushmore Road.
Camp F-14 Lightning Creek: located 0.7 mile NW on road 288. Companies: 1783V--10/17/33-Spring 34 791--4/30/34-Fall 41 The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal relief program during 1933-1942 that gave jobless men work renovating abused . . . Map (db m185227) HM
12South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Comanche Park
Comanche, an Indian mustang ridden by Captain Keogh, Seventh U.S. Cavalry, was named for the Comanche Indians, from whom he was captured. The buckskin horse proved dependable under fire and was ridden by Keogh during the ill-fated Battle of . . . Map (db m125088) HM
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13South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Crazy Horse Memorial
Near U.S. 385 south of Avenue of the Chiefs, on the left when traveling south.
The Crazy Horse mountain carving will be the world’s largest sculpture, measuring 563 feet high by 641 feet long, carved in the round. The nine-story-high face of Crazy Horse was completed on June 3, 1998. Work began on the 22-story-high horse’s . . . Map (db m155650) HM
14South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Custer County CourthouseDakota Territory, 1881
On Mount Rushmore Road (U.S. 16A) east of North 4th Street, on the right when traveling west.
This property is listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Map (db m120000) HM
15South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Everyone has a Beginning
Near Badger Hole north of Badger Clark Road.
Charles Badger Clark was born on January 1, 1883, in Albia, Iowa. His father was a Methodist minister, and his mother was of Quaker faith. This family heritage created close ties, and their home was a hub of activities. Badger stated, "There was . . . Map (db m203440) HM
16South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Everything changes, or does it?
Near Montgomery Street at North 10th Street.
In 1874, George Armstrong Custer led a force of more than 1,000 men on an expedition to the Black Hills to explore and map this little-known area. The photographer with Custer, William H. Illingworth, was the first to take glass-plate photographs in . . . Map (db m155656) HM
17South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — First National Bank of Dakota TerritoryEst. 1881
On Mount Rushmore Road (U.S. 16A) just west of South 6th Street, on the right when traveling east.
National Historic Site First National Bank of Dakota Territory Est. 1881Map (db m162702) HM
18South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Frontier Protection
On North 7th Street north of Mount Rushmore Road (U.S. 16A), on the left when traveling north.
. . . Map (db m119995) HM
19South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Glen Erin SchoolHistoric Site
On Lower French Creek Road.
Site of the first public school building in the Black Hills. Built by Ed Walsh, James Doran, and George Gundlach. Logs were hand hewn from nearby trees and hauled to the site by oxen. First school was held in summer of 1882. Teacher was Mr. . . . Map (db m168895) HM
20South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — 604 — Horace N. Ross
On Mount Rushmore Road (U.S. 16A) east of South 4th Street, on the right when traveling east.
Dedicated to the memory of Horace N. Ross Discoverer of Gold in the Black Hills at Custer, So. Dak. July 27th, 1874Map (db m185228) HM
21South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Jasper Fire
On Mt. Rushmore Road (U.S. 16) 0.2 miles west of Road 282, on the left when traveling west.
Breaking the Records On August 24, 2000, a carelessly dropped match started what would become the largest fire in the recorded history of South Dakota. By the time the inferno finished its race through the forest, it had consumed 83,508 . . . Map (db m37093) HM
22South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Jasper vs. JewelSeeking Answers to Questions About Caves and Wildfires
On U.S. 16 at Jewel Cave National Monument Entrance Road, on the left when traveling west on U.S. 16.
The Jasper Fire started on August 24, 2000. It burned over 83,000 acres. This includes the entire surface above known parts of Jewel Cave. Will such a large, intense wildfire affect this unique national treasure? Now is our chance to find out. . . . Map (db m37095) HM
23South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Life in a Prairie Dog TownWind Cave National Park
On State Highway 87.
Whether they know it or not, black-tailed prairie dogs are wildlife managers. These ground squirrels are intricately connected to numerous plant and animal species and play a key role in the health and stability of the prairie. The eating . . . Map (db m71076) HM
24South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Miners Meet 1875
On Mount Rushmore Road (U.S. 16A) 0.3 miles east of State Highway 89, on the right when traveling east.
Historic Site Miners Meet The miners of the Black Hills held their first meeting to pass mining regulations at this location in 1875 Map (db m119986) HM
25South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Peter Norbeck
On Scenic U.S. 16.
Peter Norbeck 9th Governor of South Dakota ~ 1917 to 1921 A Gift to the People of South Dakota by Scott and Julia Jones In Memory of the Norbeck Children: Nellie, Ruth, Harold and Selma (Sally) James Michael . . . Map (db m137126) HM
26South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Prescribed FireAn Important Tool to Tame Wildfire
On U.S. 16 at Jewel Cave National Monument Entrance Road, on the left when traveling west on U.S. 16.
Did you notice that this forest burned? Some areas show no signs of fire. Blackened tree skeletons tell of crown fire in other areas. This is a typical burn mosaic of a western wildfire. How did the visitor center and nearby trees survive? Fire . . . Map (db m37096) HM
27South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Prospectors in Search of GoldThe Gordon Party Prompted an Illegal Invasion of the Black Hills
Near U.S. 16A east of Lower French Creek Road, on the right when traveling east.
Spurred by rumors of gold, many prospector groups attempted to enter the Black Hills in the 1870s. Without regard to the Fort Laramie Treaty, they planned to enter the region and exploit the untapped wealth. A group of 28 people headed west from . . . Map (db m121399) HM
28South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — South Dakota Game Fish & Parks
On Scenic U.S. 16.
South Dakota Game, Fish & Parks This Property Has  Been Placed On The National Register of Historic Places By The United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m137127) HM
29South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — State Game Lodge
On U.S. 16A, 0.6 miles west of Wildlife Loop Road, on the left when traveling west.
South Dakota Game, Fish & Parks This Property Has Been Placed on the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m202734) HM
30South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Stockade Lake Bridge
On Stockade Lake Drive, 1 mile east of Lower French Creek Road, on the left when traveling east.
Originally Constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Completed in April 1937 South Dakota National Guard Completed in August 1988 The Bridge is 76 feet, 4 inches long and 26 feet wide. Three spans, each constructed of 10 . . . Map (db m121402) HM
31South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — 444 — The Hearst HighwayDedicated to the memory of
On Hearst Memorial Highway (U.S. 385) at Avenue of the Chiefs, on the right when traveling north on Hearst Memorial Highway.
George Hearst (1820-1891) United States Senator, mining engineer, sportsman, speculator. Starting with nothing, he developed three of the fabled mines in the American West -- The Ophir, the Anaconda, and the Homestake -- and founded one of the . . . Map (db m180982) HM
32South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — The Needles EyeOne Rock Formation Offers Millions of Stories
On Peter Norbeck Scenic Byway aka Needles Highway (State Highway 87) 1 mile east of State Highway 89, on the right when traveling west.
Geology provides the foundation of scenery in the Black Hills. From rocky outcroppings to towering spires, the northern portion of Custer State Park highlights the essence of the central core. The central core is a region of rocks mainly . . . Map (db m34626) HM
33South Dakota (Custer County), Fairburn — The Buffalo Corrals
On Wildlife Loop Road.
Commonly called "buffalo", bison (Bison bison) are North America's largest land mammal, and one of Custer State Park's most valuable resources. Sometimes called "Lord of the Plains" the buffalo is a unique animal. A mature bull can stand up to six . . . Map (db m45354) HM
34South Dakota (Custer County), Hermosa — Hermosa, South Dakota G.A.R. Cannons
On West Main Street, 0.3 miles west of Heartland Expressway (State Highway 79) when traveling west.
These historical cannons stood in front of Dr. Mudd's cell on the Dry Tortugas Key West, Fla. Donated to Wm Stanley Post No. 148 G.A.R-SD by the Government Oct. 11, 1901 T.L. Monaghan, Adjt. J.G. Baker, Comdt. Address by Col. W.V. . . . Map (db m113158) HM WM
35South Dakota (Custer County), Hot Springs — 520 — Civilian Conservation Corps Camp
On U.S. 385, 1.9 miles north of 7-11 Road (County Road 101), on the right when traveling north.
Camp NP-1 (DNP-1): located southeast of the cave entrance in Wind Cave Canyon. Companies: 2754 -- 7/16/34 - 11/1/39 2757 detachment -- 4/18/40 - 8/1/40 The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal relief program during 1933-1942 that . . . Map (db m134564) HM
36South Dakota (Custer County), Keystone — 536 — The Pigtail Bridges
On Iron Mountain Road (U.S. 16A) near South Dakota Highway 244.
In 1932, Cecil Clyde Gideon, forged ahead with the design of the Pigtail Bridges when many felt it couldn’t be done. C.C., as he was called, was a pioneer in the Black Hills, making his mark as a master builder, architect, craftsman, lawman, highway . . . Map (db m89460) HM
37South Dakota (Custer County), Pringle — Discover the Black Hills National Forest
On State Highway 89, 0.7 miles north of Prairie Schooner Road (County Road 318), on the right when traveling north.
Left Panel: National Forests ~ An American Legacy In 1891, Congress passed legislation to establish Forest Reserves (now called National Forests) to restore eastern lands damaged by deforestation and disastrous floods; and to . . . Map (db m184800) HM
 
 
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Aug. 20, 2022