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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Lawrence County, South Dakota

 
Clickable Map of Lawrence County, South Dakota and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Lawrence County, SD (129) Butte County, SD (4) Meade County, SD (29) Pennington County, SD (78) Crook County, WY (49) Weston County, WY (17)  LawrenceCounty(129) Lawrence County (129)  ButteCounty(4) Butte County (4)  MeadeCounty(29) Meade County (29)  PenningtonCounty(78) Pennington County (78)  CrookCountyWyoming(49) Crook County (49)  WestonCounty(17) Weston County (17)
Deadwood is the county seat for Lawrence County
Adjacent to Lawrence County, South Dakota
      Butte County (4)  
      Meade County (29)  
      Pennington County (78)  
      Crook County, Wyoming (49)  
      Weston County, Wyoming (17)  
 
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Architecture of a Unique Building Complex — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
The architectural style of the Homestake Slime Plant is typical of turn-of-the-century mining complexes that once dotted the Black Hills landscape. The press and precipitation buildings before you are classified as heavy timber framed . . . Map (db m183262) HM
2South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Bird's Eye View of Deadwood GulchA Trail to Deadwood's Past — History Link —
This natural overlook before you is one of the most photographed areas within Deadwood Gulch. Over the past 100 years, professional and amateur photographers have taken advantage of this natural overlook. This is in part due to the 200' elevation . . . Map (db m202344) HM
3South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Black Hills Pioneers
Dedicated to the pioneers who founded the Society of Black Hills Pioneers and made such an outstanding contribution to the settlement and development of this highly coveted region. Their descendants and successors will forever honor . . . Map (db m120999) HM
4South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Black Hills RailroadsHistoric South Dakota Civil Engineering Landmark
The combination of steep grades, sharp curves, creek crossings, and tunnels required exceptional civil engineering to satisfy the need for railroads required by the Black Hills mining boom. Constructed 1881 to 1928 Designated by South . . . Map (db m183192) HM
5South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Black Hills Trust and Savings BankNational Register of Historic Places
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Built 1904 Restored 1990 by First Western BankMap (db m126699) HM
6South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Bonanza in the Hills
The placer gold in the creeks had been eroded from the surrounding hills. By late 1876, miners began shifting their attentions to the source of the gold by tunneling into the hills. Such hard rock mining used explosives instead of pans and sluices. . . . Map (db m183260) HM
7South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Burlington Interurban Power Plant — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
This is the site of the Burlington Interurban Power Plant, commonly known as the Burlington Powerhouse. The Powerhouse was originally built to generate electricity to run a passenger trolley between the cities of Lead and Deadwood. The Powerhouse . . . Map (db m183463) HM
8South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Buttes (Pronounced BYOOT) — Black Hills National Forest —
What is a butte? Butte is a French word that means small hill. A butte is a geological formation that has steep vertical sides or cliffs, a flat top, and that has a height greater than its width. Buttes are distinctly different from . . . Map (db m183556) HM
9South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Center of the CountryDeadwood, Spearfish, & Belle Fourche
The view of the Belle Fourche reservoir, Belle Fourche, and Spearfish has great significance to how Seth Bullock tied those communities together with Deadwood. Belle Fourche Business and Railroad Train Deals Bullock and Sol . . . Map (db m183473) HM
10South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Chicago Burlington & Quincy Railroad Yard
(Panel 1) In its heyday, the Chicago Burlington & Quincy Railroad yard was a beehive of activity. Four different railroads including the Deadwood Central, the Black Hills & Ft. Pierre, the Grand Island & Wyoming Central, and the . . . Map (db m121051) HM
11South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Chinatown
Although the Chinatowns of New York, San Francisco and Chicago are more well-known, these ethnic enclaves weren't exclusive to America's urban centers. There were many Chinatowns in Western boomtowns, including one right here on Deadwood's Lower . . . Map (db m120093) HM
12South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Chinese Immigrants
Chinese Immigrants came to Deadwood to make their fortune. After burial in Mt. Moriah, with appropriate ceremonies, the remains were removed for reburial in their home village in China. Not more than two bodies remain in the Chinese Section.Map (db m49688) HM
13South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Civic Stability — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
Deadwood erected two monuments to order and permanence in the early 1900s. The federal building open in 1907, and activities in the county courthouse started the next year. In its early gold rush days, Deadwood was a wild, raucous mining camp . . . Map (db m183275) HM
14South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Civilian Conservation Corps CampCamp F-20 / Park Creek
Camp F-20 Park Creek: located 3 mi E on FH 534; 2.75 mi N on FH 180; W of creek Companies: 2759V – 11/2/34-7/30/41; 792 – 10/11/41-12/14/41 The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal relief program during 1933-1942 that gave . . . Map (db m124592) HM
15South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — 519 — Civilian Conservation Corps Camp
Camp F-6 (Roubaix): 100 yards N of Lake entrance: W of road. Companies: 792--6/3/33-5/15/35: 10/18/35 6/1/40; 10/1/40-10/11/41; 2759V-(Detachment from Park Creek)--5/15/35-10/18/35. The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal work-relief . . . Map (db m185223) HM
16South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Cleveland — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
Jeff Cleveland settled south of Deadwood during the spring and summer of 1876. By the following year a bustling community was developing around his property. Named in honor of the pioneer, the mining camp of Cleveland was called "a populous and . . . Map (db m183411) HM
17South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — DeadwoodRegistered National Historic Landmark
Deadwood has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the . . . Map (db m131612) HM
18South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Deadwood 1876 — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
Thousands of people suddenly burst into Deadwood Gulch in 1876. Some came to try their luck at mining; others hoped to strike it rich with supply stores, restaurants and saloons. "Six weeks ago the site of Deadwood City was a heavy frost of . . . Map (db m183181) HM
19South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Deadwood Changing -- 1884, 1909 and Now
Note the sites of the county courthouse, the federal building, the depot, the slime plant, and the school. The buildings on Main Street also changed character. Whitewood Creek was partly channelized in 1884, and is covered by a highway. Commercial . . . Map (db m183226) HM
20South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Deadwood City 1876
Thousands of people suddenly burst into Deadwood Gulch in 1876. Some came to try their luck at mining, while others hoped to strike it rich with supply stores, restaurants, and saloons. "Six weeks ago the site of Deadwood City was a heavy . . . Map (db m183180) HM
21South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Deadwood’s Boy Scout Tree Project — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
In 1910, the Boy Scouts of America (BSA) was organized in the United States utilizing the teachings of Sir Robert S.S. Baden-Powell of England. Within of its founding in America, BSA troops were organized in the northern Black Hills. From its . . . Map (db m183240) HM
22South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Deadwood’s Grand Bandstand — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
In May of 1893, Deadwood's musical community raised $200.00 from local businesses and donors for the construction of a wood bandstand at the corner of Lee and Sherman Streets. After securing suitable funds, Deadwood brass baritone player and . . . Map (db m183228) HM
23South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Deadwood's Carnegie Library
Andrew Carnegie, steel tycoon and philanthropist, is best known for his charitable contributions in financing public libraries. From 1886 until his death in 1919, Carnegie supported the construction of 1,679 public libraries across the United . . . Map (db m121064) HM
24South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Deadwood's Chinese Ceremonial BurnerA Trail to Deadwood's Past — History Link —
Chinese immigrants upon arriving in North America in the 1850s, continued to practice their traditional mortuary rituals. Evidence of these rituals can be found in numerous cemeteries throughout the America West in the form of ceremonial burners and . . . Map (db m202295) HM
25South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Deadwood's First City Park
By the mid-1890s Deadwood city officials deemed it necessary to purchase a tract of land to be used for recreation and enjoyment by its citizens. Almost fifteen years elapsed before Deadwood's first city park was created. The park surrounding . . . Map (db m120232) HM
26South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Elizabethtown — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
Extending from the base of Brown Rocks to the beginning of present-day lower Main Street, Elizabethtown was the first of many mining camps established in Deadwood Gulch during the earliest days of the gold rush. Named for Elizabeth Card, one of . . . Map (db m183219) HM
27South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — 465 — First Deadwood Gold Discovery
Near this point in 1875 occurred the first of two initial gold discoveries in the Deadwood area. The more accepted account of the discovery states that in late August; 1875 a party consisting of Frank Bryant, John B. Pearson, Thomas Moore, Richard . . . Map (db m185224) HM
28South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Fish & Hunter Company — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
“A good twenty horse power saw mill would pay big here" appeared in a Letter to the Editor of the Minneapolis based Star Tribune newspaper on June 4, 1877. Canadian born John Hunter took those words to heart. During the 1870s Minnesota . . . Map (db m183271) HM
29South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Forest Hill — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
After gold was discovered in Deadwood Gulch in 1875, commercial buildings were quickly erected on the flat land along Main Street, leaving the hillsides above as the only area for residential development. The first houses in Deadwood were built on . . . Map (db m183182) HM
30South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Generations of Change
Within twenty years Deadwood changed from mining camp to prosperous Victorian city. Deadwood survived several floods and fires, each time replacing the destroyed wood-framed buildings with stone and brick. The town acquired some modern . . . Map (db m183185) HM
31South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — George S. Mickelson Trail
After using a long stretch of track that went through the scenic Black Hills for almost a century, the Burlington Northern & Santa Fe (formerly Chicago Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company) quit running in 1983. The idea to turn the railroad into a . . . Map (db m121055) HM
32South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Gold Discovery in the Great Sioux Reservation
Who the first prospector was - and when and where gold was discovered in Deadwood Gulch is open to question. It is generally agreed that the Frank Bryant party found the gold in August 1875 on Whitewood Creek, probably 100 yards . . . Map (db m183191) HM
33South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Gold in the Gulch — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
Placer miners first looked for gold among the gravel and sand in the creek bottoms, such as the one near you. If panning was productive, a group of miners would stake a claim and build a sluice to wash gold from the gravel. Captions: . . . Map (db m183190) HM
34South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Hebrew Hill (Mt. Zion)
Deadwood is recognized as the site of the first organized Jewish Community in South Dakota. The Hebrew Cemetery Association was the first to purchase a section of Mount Moriah Cemetery, August 20, 1896. The section is located higher up on Jerusalem . . . Map (db m27070) HM
35South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — 581 — Henry Weston SmithThe Pioneer Preacher,
who was killed here by Indians, Sunday morning, Aug. 20, 1876. Erected by the Society of B.H. Pioneers Aug. 20, 1914.Map (db m184297) HM
36South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Historic Facade Replication
A fire in 1982 destroyed the historic Horace Clark and Apex buildings. The facades of the two buildings were replicated in 1997. 1900, Horace Clark Building (left); 1897, Apex Building (right). Owner: Olympic Gaming SD, L.L.C. Replication . . . Map (db m183225) HM
37South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Historic Site Saloon Number 10
Historic Site Saloon Number 10 where Wild Bill was shot August 2, 1876 Map (db m120092) HM
38South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — History Buried Beneath Your Feet — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
As part of Deadwood's commitment to preserve its history, the Deadwood Historic Preservation Commission hired archaeologists from the South Dakota State Historical Society to map the stacked rock and poured concrete retaining wall along City . . . Map (db m183265) HM
39South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Interurban Trolley — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
The Burlington Interurban Railway was part of a focused effort to modernize the City of Deadwood at the turn of the century. The town had transformed in a relatively short period of time from a lawless gold camp to a law abiding community and . . . Map (db m183252) HM
40South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — J.B. Hickok
Died Aug 2, 1876 by pistol Shot Aged 39 years Custer was lonely without him Erected by J. H. Riordan of N.Y. 1891 Map (db m124055) HM
41South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Jack McCall Capture Site
Site of capture of the assassin Jack McCall who shot "Wild Bill" Hickok Aug 2, 1876Map (db m183183) HM
42South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — James Butler Hickok
Alias "Wild Bill" Born - May 27, 1837 Troy Grove, Illinois Died - August 2, 1876 Deadwood, Dakota Territory Victim of the Assassin Jack McCallMap (db m45372) HM
43South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Jewish American Pioneers and Deadwood
Jewish American pioneers significantly contributed to the commercial development and establishment of responsible government in Deadwood. For example, gritty Jewish westerner, Sol Star, arrived in Deadwood in 1876 with his business partner Seth . . . Map (db m183220) HM
44South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Lawrence County Jails & Capital Punishment
Since 1877, four county jails have been constructed within the Deadwood city limits. The first jail was erected in May of 1877 in the Ingleside Townsite (today's Presidential Neighborhood) and consisted of a 30 x 50 foot log structure enclosed by a . . . Map (db m120998) HM
45South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Martha Jane BurkeAlias "Calamity Jane"
Born - May 1, 1852 Princeton, Missouri Died - August 1, 1903 Terry, South Dakota Her Dying Request "Bury me beside Wild Bill"Map (db m71412) HM
46South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — McGovern Hill
Prospector Frank McGovern staked his claim on the hillside above you in 1876, then promptly became one of Deadwood's infamous rabble-rousers. After an argument with a grocer in 1878, McGovern was shot in the thighs. During his recovery in the . . . Map (db m121058) HM
47South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Mining & LoggingHomestake: Timber supply closely related to gold production
Mining and Logging Go Hand in Hand Homestake Mining Company contributed significantly to the need for long-term forest management practices that would ensure the perpetual availability of Black Hills timber. Fred and Moses Manuel in 1876 . . . Map (db m184914) HM
48South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Mount RooseveltThe Friendship Tower
Monument to a Friend The Friendship Tower was constructed in 1919, through the efforts of Seth Bullock, lawman, rancher, entrepreneur, and second Forest Supervisor of the Black Hills National Forest, to commemorate the life and death of . . . Map (db m183408) HM
49South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Mt. Moriah Cemetery Flag Memorial
The flag never goes down on Mt. Moriah Cemetery, as Deadwood was granted permission by the U.S. Congress during World War I to fly the flag 24 hours a day to honor all veterans who have served our country.Map (db m202343) WM
50South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Placer Claim No. 2 above Discovery — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
The land before you was once part of Placer Claim No. 2 above Discovery on Whitewood Creek. In 2017, construction workers unearthed the remains of a placer drift mining operation near this sign. The discovery consisted of thirteen logs used . . . Map (db m183263) HM
51South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — 464 — Preacher Smith of Deadwood Gulch
"Deadwood's Sky Pilot." Henry Weston Smith, was born in Ellington, Connecticut, January 110, 1828. At 23 he became a Methodist exhorter. This led to ordination in the Methodist Episcopal church and he served various communities in New England. In . . . Map (db m184295) HM
52South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — President Taft Comes to Deadwood — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
On October 21, 1911, U.S. President William Howard Taft delivered a 30 minute address from this location to a large crowd of spectators. President Taft's visit to Deadwood was one stop on a nationwide campaign tour across South Dakota and the . . . Map (db m183189) HM
53South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Radial Brick Smokestack — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
This brick structure before you served as the foundation base and cleanout chamber that supported the 135-foot smokestack. Once part of the Burlington & Missouri Railroad Powerhouse complex, this brick feature was created in 1901 and helped supply . . . Map (db m183432) HM
54South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Rev. L.R.S. Ferguson Ski & Sled Area — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
On October 27, 1937, a group of twenty-one business and professional men gathered at the Franklin Hotel and organized the Deadwood Rotary Club. According to the local newspaper, the new Rotary Club would “…unite Deadwood with more than . . . Map (db m183429) HM
55South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Riches from Mud
Gold had to be removed from the ore (rock) brought out of the mine. Milling processes crushed the ore to the size of sand. Mercury, cyanide or heat then isolated the gold particles. Deadwood Gulch mill men used several methods, including . . . Map (db m183258) HM
56South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Ride High, T.C., Ride High — Days of 76 —
Travis Calvin Holloway began his career as a professional cowboy in the family's living room near Eagle Butte, South Dakota, where he rode his first bucking horse - his brother Chuck. When Chuck would no longer unseat his younger sibling, their . . . Map (db m183184) HM
57South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Saint Ambrose ParishFounded April 1877 — Oldest Parish in the Black Hills —
First Mass celebrated May 20, 1877 by Father John Lonergan 1st church building erected on Williams St. This present building erected 1936 Map (db m121004) HM
58South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — School District #021881 - 1971 — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
The establishment of higher education is an important benchmark in the development of a community, and Deadwood was no exception. In 1881 Deadwood became the second established School District within Lawrence County, Dakota Territory. In the ensuing . . . Map (db m183229) HM
59South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — 470 — Second Deadwood Gold Discovery
Near this point in 1875 occurred the second of two initial gold discoveries in the Deadwood area. It was made by the Lardner party of eight prospectors, steered here by John B. Pearson, a man already familiar with Deadwood Gulch. Their "Discovery . . . Map (db m185225) HM
60South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Serving the Black Hills
Although Deadwood was in a mining district, it didn't remain a mining town. Instead, it became the service center for the Northern Black Hills. Regional residents came to Deadwood for their legal, financial, wholesale, retail and entertainment . . . Map (db m36629) HM
61South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Sherman Street and the East Side
Deadwood developed along both sides of Whitewood Creek, forming the two main thoroughfares of Main and Sherman Street. In the 1880s the firms on Sherman tended to be small retail and service businesses. Captions: William E. Adams . . . Map (db m183267) HM
62South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Spanish-American War Memorial — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
The bronze cannon above you, serial number #9220, was cast on May 7, 1862 at the Royal Foundry of Seville, Spain. This cannon was one of six "Cańones rayados cortos de a 12 centímetros,” or short cannon of twelve . . . Map (db m183227) HM
63South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Spanish-American War Veterans Memorial
This Ten Inch Shell was Recovered from the Battleship U.S.S. Maine that was sunk in Havana Harbor, Cuba on February 15, 1898 and Presented to the City of Deadwood in May 1912. In Memory of the United States Sailors, . . . Map (db m121200) WM
64South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — The Badlands — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
The "badlands," the lower end of Main Street in front of you, earned its reputation through its saloons, brothels, theaters, gambling halls, and opium houses, which provided rowdy entertainment for the largely male population. Out of this district . . . Map (db m183221) HM
65South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — The Cowboy & The ConservationistSeth Bullock & Theodore Roosevelt
A Chance Meeting While riding on his Belle Fourche ranch in 1884, Seth Bullock, now a Deputy U.S. Marshall, saw three horsemen riding across the plains. He stopped the party as, "they looked like a "tin-horn gambling outfit.” Two men were . . . Map (db m183416) HM
66South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — 15 — The Fire of 1879 — A Trail to Deadwoood's Past —
In the early morning hours of September 26, 1879, fire broke out at a bakery on Sherman Street. The fire spread quickly through the town, destroying three hundred buildings and leaving two thousand homeless. The people of Deadwood promptly rebuilt . . . Map (db m183179) HM
67South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — The Franklin’s Fine Home — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
Harris Franklin, his wife Anna, and son Nathan arrived in Deadwood, Dakota Territory in 1877. A Jewish immigrant from humble beginnings, Harris Franklin earned his fortune through the wholesale liquor business and gradually diversified into cattle, . . . Map (db m183628) HM
68South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — 11 — The Great Flood
“Prepare for the worst!” the telephone call from upstream warned. About that time Whitewood Creek, swollen from spring snow and rain, broke over its banks within Deadwood, carving a path of destruction. The creek which now flows under the highway in . . . Map (db m183625) HM
69South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — The Presidential District — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
As South Deadwood expanded along Sherman Street in early 1876, log cabins and small frame houses appeared on the hillsides above the mining camp. A cemetery was quickly established on a hill deemed too far away from town to ever be developed. Soon . . . Map (db m183195) HM
70South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — The Presidential District — A Trail to Deadwood’s Past —
As South Deadwood expanded along Sherman Street in early 1876, log cabins and small frame houses appeared on the hillsides above the mining camp. A cemetery was quickly established on a hill deemed too far away from town to ever be developed. Soon . . . Map (db m183270) HM
71South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — The Resilient Whitewood Creek — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
Whitewood Creek is a coldwater stream that flows from its headwaters in the high mountain valleys south of Deadwood to its confluence with the Belle Fourche River northeast of the city of Whitewood. The creek drains a 44,756-acre sub-watershed of . . . Map (db m183280) HM
72South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — The Smokestack - Reconstructed — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
In 2016 the Deadwood Historical Commission hired a local mason with expertise in historic masonry to reconstruct this section of the 135" B & M Powerhouse smokestack using radial brick collected on site. This section has a 9'-3" outside radius and . . . Map (db m183433) HM
73South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Theodore Roosevelt “The American”
In Memory Of Theodore Roosevelt “The American” October 27, 1858 - January 6, 1919Map (db m183427) HM
74South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Track or Trail: Sweat Equity Played a Role
It took about a thousand people just 255 days to build the 114-mile Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad between Edgemont and Deadwood using primitive methods. It took more than 15 years to complete the George S. Mickelson Trail on the . . . Map (db m183281) HM
75South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Upper Main Street
Although the uphill side of Deadwood's Main Street seems like a natural area for development, the neighborhood didn't get its start until the turn of the century, thanks largely to two factors: gunpowder and the stubbornness of Deadwood's first . . . Map (db m120997) HM
76South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Utility Building
Utility Building built by
U.S. Forest Service
and Works Progress Administration WPA Project Number 3617 Nineteen Thirty NineMap (db m132093) HM
77South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Waite Block Annex1899 — 19 Deadwood Street —
Architect O.C. Jewett built the Waite Block Annex as a two-story structure and immediately established his offices on the second floor. In 1901 The Wrought Iron Range Co. moved in to the first floor. A recessed entry between this building and the . . . Map (db m183186) HM
78South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Weight a Minute
A hundred years ago, almost every Deadwood railroad passenger would have spent a few moments right here. They waited to see how much it would cost to bring goods on the train. Freight companies and railroads charged by the pound, so lever . . . Map (db m183425) HM
79South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Where It All Begins The gold rush and early forest management — Black Hills National Forest
"The most important single ingredient in the formula of success is knowing how to get along with people. - Theodore Roosevelt Gold Rush in the Hills A U.S. government expedition discovered gold in the Black Hills in . . . Map (db m183622) HM
80South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Wild Bill
Scout for the Pioneers, Scout for the Union Army, Marshall for Hay City Dodge City and Abeline. Killed in Deadwood August 2, 1876. Buried on Mount Moriah, 300 feet above this spot. Map (db m183218) HM
81South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Wild Bill Hickok
James Butler Hickok Gunfighter, Peace Officer, Gambler Born: May 27, 1837, Troy Grove, Illinois Died: August 2, 1876, Deadwood, Dakota Territory Wild Bill Hickok was shot in the back while playing cards in a Deadwood saloon. He is . . . Map (db m120094) HM
82South Dakota (Lawrence County), Deadwood — Wild Bill Hickok Bust — A Trail to Deadwood's Past —
On June 21, 1951, over 5,000 spectators celebrated Deadwood's 75th anniversary and honored the life of western legend James Butler, "Wild Bill” Hickok. The day's activities included a pancake feed, a parade through Deadwood, band concerts, the . . . Map (db m183269) HM
83South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — 1912 Lead City Hall / Homestake General Offices
Lead's City Hall was located in this ornate building at 215 West Main Street from 1912 until 1938. The building originally housed the mayor's and treasurer's offices, the courtroom, jail, and judge's chambers. After construction of a new City Hall . . . Map (db m121489) HM
84South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — Battery LocomotiveHomestake Mining District — Lead, South Dakota —
Battery locomotives were the work horse of locomotives used in the Homestake Mine. Every operating level had at least one locomotive and up to 4 or 5 locomotives. These locomotives hauled ore trains, miners to the work area, mechanics and . . . Map (db m121722) HM
85South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — Christ Episcopal Church and Grier Statue
Lead's Episcopal congregation selected a site for a new church in July of 1896 and work was begun immediately. The Lead Call noted, "A more central and easily accessible location could not have been decided upon and when finished, . . . Map (db m121533) HM
86South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — City Hall and Masonic Temple
Lead's earliest city hall was located in the old business district, an area that was eventually lost due to ground subsidence. A new City Hall had then been constructed in 1912 on the corner of Main and Siever Streets and served the community until . . . Map (db m121499) HM
87South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — Civilian Conservation Corps Camp
Camp F-18 Savoy: located 2 mi W on FH222 at Rod & Gun Camp Companies: 756 -- 5/2/34 -10/15/34; 792 -- 5/15/35 - 10/17/35; 792 -- October 1940 - July 1941; summer 1941? The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal relief program during . . . Map (db m111548) HM
88South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — Commonwealth Mine Stamp Mill
In the early days of mining stamp mills were used to crush the ore prior to gold recovery. A stamp mill is a very simple machine. The flywheel builds momentum to turn the cam. The cam lifts the stamps and then gravity drops them back down at a rate . . . Map (db m121493) HM
89South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — Compressed Air Locomotive #9Homestake Mining District — Lead, South Dakota —
Homestake Mining Company Locomotive Number 9 was purchased in 1907 from the H.K. Porter Company of Pittsburgh Pennsylvania. The H.K. Porter number for this locomotive was 3847. This locomotive is powered by compressed air. The capacity of the . . . Map (db m121593) HM
90South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — Dakota Rebekah Lodge
Dakota Rebekah Lodge No. 1 First Rebekah Lodge chartered in Dakota Territory Jan 17, 1883 Lead South DakotaMap (db m123976) HM
91South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — From Ruts to Rails
Englewood, once called Ten Mile, began as a stop along the Cheyenne-Deadwood Stage. Every 10 miles along the route there was a stoop where horses could be changed and riders could rest. The town came to life when the railroad was built in . . . Map (db m168894) HM
92South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — George S. Mickelson TrailWelcome to the Englewood Trailhead
Originally known as Ten-Mile ranch, this area served as a stagecoach stop on the Cheyenne to Deadwood trail in the 1870s. The name was changed to Englewood in 1891 when the railroad came through. It was easier for the telegraphers to tap out . . . Map (db m168893) HM
93South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — Halloran Block
The Halloran Block was designed by City of Lead Architect J. A. Archibald and was completed for James Halloran in December, 1897. Mr. Halloran originally came to the Black Hills with the Custer Expedition of 1874. James Halloran was a prime mover . . . Map (db m121495) HM
94South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — Homestake Air Locomotive Number 35
Locomotive Number 35 was purchased in April, 1931 from the H.K. Porter Company of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This locomotive was in service on the Homestake Tramway hauling ore from the Homestake shafts to the Homestake mills. This locomotive is . . . Map (db m121492) HM
95South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — Homestake Gas-Powered Locomotive
This gas-powered locomotive was operated as a tramway locomotive, hauling ore in the Trojan Mining District, west of Lead. The mines serviced by this locomotive were the Clinton, the Two Johns, and the Trojan. The ore from these mines was hauled to . . . Map (db m121506) HM
96South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — Homestake Hospital Site
Medical services at the Homestake Mining Company, one of the pioneers in the United States in the field of industrial health services, first began in 1877, when the company contracted with Dr. D. K. Dickinson to furnish medical and surgical . . . Map (db m121497) HM
97South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — Homestake One Ton, End Dump Ore Car
The one-ton ore cars were prevalent throughout the mining industry in the early Twentieth Century. These ore cars were small enough to be used in the smallest tunnels to haul rock from the production face to a dump point. Some dump points were over . . . Map (db m121494) HM
98South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — Homestake Open Cut Mine
This is Homestake's Open Cut Mine, one of the best known landmarks in the Black Hills. It is the site of the original discovery in 1876 of the Homestake claim, named for "making a man rich enough to make his home stake (enough money to return home . . . Map (db m34673) HM
99South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — Homestake Slag Buggy
Slag buggies, cast at the Homestake Foundry, were used in two different processes at the Homestake Refinery. One process was receiving slag produced in the blast furnace process. The Homestake blast furnace process utilized a coke-fired furnace to . . . Map (db m121498) HM
100South Dakota (Lawrence County), Lead — Man CarHomestake Mine — Lead, South Dakota —
This man car was used by the Homestake Mining Company to transport men and equipment from the shafts to the mining areas. This man car has 18" gauge trucks (distance between wheels) that were used in the upper levels of the Homestake Mine. In . . . Map (db m121598) HM

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Aug. 8, 2022