“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Brazoria County, Texas

Clickable Map of Brazoria County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Brazoria County, TX (94) Fort Bend County, TX (60) Galveston County, TX (302) Harris County, TX (309) Matagorda County, TX (48) Wharton County, TX (24)  BrazoriaCounty(94) Brazoria County (94)  FortBendCounty(60) Fort Bend County (60)  GalvestonCounty(302) Galveston County (302)  HarrisCounty(309) Harris County (309)  MatagordaCounty(48) Matagorda County (48)  WhartonCounty(24) Wharton County (24)
Adjacent to Brazoria County, Texas
    Fort Bend County (60)
    Galveston County (302)
    Harris County (309)
    Matagorda County (48)
    Wharton County (24)
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Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Texas (Brazoria County), Alvin — Confederate Cemetery
The John A. Wharton Camp of Confederate Veterans purchased cemetery land June 27, 1898 and more in 1903 and 1927. The total is about 15 acres. 37 Confederate veterans are buried here. On Feb. 11, 1919 F. E. Acton, Y. M. Edwards, E. G. Ward, W. . . . — Map (db m50164) HM
2Texas (Brazoria County), Alvin — 9549 — Confederate Cemetery
Established in the 1890's by John A. Wharton Camp, U. C. V.; burial ground for Confederate veterans and families. After increase of acreage, use of cemetery was extended to public. Veterans of 4 wars; 1900 hurricane victims as well as prominent . . . — Map (db m110259) HM
3Texas (Brazoria County), Angleton — 11961 — Angleton Independent School District
On September 5, 1892, two Angleton residents donated one of the original town blocks near this site to the city for school purposes. Citizens contributed two hundred dollars for a frame building to house the first classes for Angleton students and . . . — Map (db m129301) HM
4Texas (Brazoria County), Angleton — 9533 — Old Brazoria County Courthouse
Angleton's first permanent courthouse was built in 1897, a year after the city was chosen Brazoria County seat. Constructed from plans originally drawn for the Matagorda County courthouse, the structure was enlarged and extensively remodeled in . . . — Map (db m120661) HM
5Texas (Brazoria County), Angleton — 13337 — Robert J. Calder
Robert James Calder was born in 1810 to James H. and Jane E. (Caldwell) Calder in Baltimore, Maryland. His father died when he was a child, and Robert and his mother moved to Kentucky, where he was raised in part by his mother's family. They moved . . . — Map (db m120660) HM
6Texas (Brazoria County), Arcola — 15210 — Daniel Perry
Daniel Perry, an early area settler, was born in 1791 in Mississippi. He came to Texas in 1832 with his wife Eliza Whitehead and two sons. He was widowed and in 1833 married Louisa Ann Morton. They had four children and lived on her inherited land . . . — Map (db m155640) HM
7Texas (Brazoria County), Arcola — 15315 — Duke Community
In 1824, Old Three-Hundred settlers David Fitzgerald, Thomas Barnett and Moses Shipman received land grants in this area. Fitzgerald fought at Anahuac in 1832; Barnett signed the Texas Declaration of Independence. This location on the northeastern . . . — Map (db m155639) HM
8Texas (Brazoria County), Arcola — 14673 — The Fitzgerald and Fenn Families
David Fitzgerald, a veteran of the American Revolution and the War of 1812, came to Texas from Georgia in 1821.His son-in-law, Eli Fenn, followed in 1832. Fenn served during the Texas Revolution and signed the 1837 petition for the creation of . . . — Map (db m155638) HM
9Texas (Brazoria County), Bailey's Prairie — 9524 — "Brit" Bailey Plantation — (Extending Southwest)
Established in 1818 as an individual claim by James Briton Bailey, a member later of Austin's colony. Born 1779, Bailey was tall, fearless, of Irish stock. At his request, he was buried (1833) standing up, facing west, gun at side. His . . . — Map (db m92231) HM
10Texas (Brazoria County), Bailey's Prairie — 9523 — James Briton "Brit" Bailey — (1779-1833)
Pioneer Texan noted for his courage, integrity, and eccentric behavior. Came to Texas in 1818 with wife and six children. He settled on what came to be "Bailey's Prairie". Joined Stephen F. Austin's colony, 1824. Bailey became a captain in . . . — Map (db m92233) HM
11Texas (Brazoria County), Bailey's Prairie — 9577 — Munson Cemetery
In 1850, Mordello Stephen Munson (born in Liberty County in 1825)—son of Henry William Munson (born 1793), a member of Austin's colony—set aside this burial tract for his family and friends. It was at Ridgely Plantation, on Bailey's . . . — Map (db m92234) HM
12Texas (Brazoria County), Bonney — 9568 — Albert Sidney Johnston — (February 2, 1803 - April 6, 1862)
Kentucky native Albert Sidney Johnston graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1826. He was assigned to posts in New York and Missouri, and served in the Black Hawk War in 1832. He resigned his commission in 1834 to return to . . . — Map (db m91921) HM
13Texas (Brazoria County), Bonney — Homesite of General Albert Sidney Johnston
Home site of General Albert Sidney Johnston Texas patriot - Confederate hero Erected by San Jacinto Chapter Daughters of the Republic of Texas and Robert E. Lee, Oran M. Roberts and Jefferson Davis Chapters United Daughters of the . . . — Map (db m129402) HM
14Texas (Brazoria County), Brazoria — 9531 — Brazoria Bridge
The town of Brazoria began in 1828 as a port and trading center in Stephen F. Austin’s colony. Partially burned in 1836 during the Texas Revolution, it rebuilt and served as county seat until 1897. To escape floods and to enjoy a better life, the . . . — Map (db m90103) HM
15Texas (Brazoria County), Brazoria — Brazoria Fallen Heroes Memorial
Brazoria has been home to many heroes. This memorial is dedicated to those that gave the ultimate sacrifice in the line of duty. They have built, protected and honored our fair city unlike any other. Commend their deeds, honor their sacrifice . . . — Map (db m90102) WM
16Texas (Brazoria County), Brazoria — Henry Smith
(South Face of Monument) Henry Smith was born in Kentucky, May Twentieth 1788, came to Texas in 1827 and settled in what is now Brazoria County which he regarded as his home until his death. He was severely wounded in the Battle of . . . — Map (db m90101) HM
17Texas (Brazoria County), Damon — 9556 — Abraham Darst
Emigrated to Texas from Missouri in 1827 as an Austin Colonist • Participated in the Battle of Velasco, 1832 • Five of his sons were in the Army of Texas in 1836 • Born May 14, 1786 • Died in December, 1833 Erected by the State of Texas . . . — Map (db m158869) HM
18Texas (Brazoria County), Damon — 9551 — Damon Cemetery
One of oldest cemeteries in Brazoria County. Started Dec.13, 1837, with burial of Sylvester Winn Damon, a relative, on the 1829 land grant of Abraham Darst, Austin Colony settler. Use of this burial ground was begun within a year of founding of . . . — Map (db m158850) HM
19Texas (Brazoria County), Damon — 9555 — Edmund Calloway Darst
A San Jacinto Veteran Born in Missouri 1815 Died in 1838 Erected by the State of Texas 1936Map (db m158863) HM
20Texas (Brazoria County), Damon — 9552 — Samuel Damon
Born in Massachusetts. Came to Texas in 1831. Served in Texas Revolution at Siege of Bexar as Wagonmaster for Stephen F. Austin, "Father of Texas". Stole the bells of Mission Concepcion (Property of Mexico, Texas' enemy) to melt into bullets. Also . . . — Map (db m158873) HM
21Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — "Columbia Blues"
Bates' Fourth Regiment Texas Volunteers Thirteenth Texas Infantry Brown's Thirty-Fifth Texas Cavalry On October 5, 1861, in Columbia, Texas (now East Columbia), men from this area organized the "Columbia Blues". They were mustered into . . . — Map (db m161542) HM
22Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — 9518 — Aldridge - Smith House
This local landmark was built between 1837 and 1841 for William Aldridge, a farmer and large landholder. After a 10-year ownership by merchant, Henry Hansen, the house was sold to J.H. Dance and Co., a construction firm that supplied arms to the . . . — Map (db m49717) HM
23Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — 9528 — Bell's Landing
Founded 1823 as Brazos River landing for Josiah H. Bell's plantation. Townsite of Marion laid out in 1824. Later named East Columbia. Army enlistment point and ferrying dock during Texas Revolution. Key river port and trade center during Republic of . . . — Map (db m89323) HM
24Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — 9553 — Dance Gun Shop
Near site of Dance Gun Shop. Started on Brazos River in 1850 by brothers J.H., George, and David Dance. Shop produced guns which helped arm the Confederacy during Civil War, 1861-65. The firearms were noted for precision. Shop also made machinery . . . — Map (db m49712) HM
25Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — East Columbia Historic District
Has been listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1991 — Map (db m164592) HM
26Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — 9613 — M.L. Weems House
This Greek revival house was built about 1847 by Dr. Mason Locke Weems II, the first of a succession of Weems family physicians to live here. The house features a center passage plan and raised cottage form. Details on the six-bay inset porch . . . — Map (db m49714) HM
27Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — 9578 — Site of Carry Nation's Hotel
During a brief and troubled time in her life, Carry Amelia Moore Nation (1846-1911) operated the "Old Columbia Hotel" on this site about 1880. She later achieved fame as a hatchet-wielding crusader against the use of alcoholic drink and tobacco. . . . — Map (db m89328) HM
28Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — 9601 — Sweeny-Waddy Log Cabin
John Sweeny, Sr. (d. 1855) moved his family from Tennessee to Brazoria County, Texas, about 1833. With the help of slaves, he cleared his land and established a large plantation. This log cabin, originally located about 9 miles southwest of this . . . — Map (db m49709) HM
29Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — 9612 — The Ammon Underwood House
A structure erected in noted old river port town of Marion in Republic of Texas era. First portion, of hand-hewn cedar, was built about 1835 by colonist Thomas W. Nibbs. Merchant-civic leader-soldier Ammon Underwood (1810-87) bought and enlarged . . . — Map (db m49707) HM
30Texas (Brazoria County), East Columbia — 12937 — Tyler-Bryan-Weems House
Ariadne O. Gautier (1834-1910) came from Florida to this part of Texas in 1841 with her parents. Her father, Dr. Peter Gautier, Jr., joined other Texans in turning back an invading Mexican army in 1842. In 1855, Ariadne married Clinton Lucretius . . . — Map (db m49716) HM
31Texas (Brazoria County), Freeport — 9563 — Freeport National Bank — (Freeport Sulphur Company Building) —
The Freeport Sulphur Company was instrumental in the founding and early development of the city of Freeport and the region. It was incorporated on July 12, 1912, and then organized the Freeport Townsite Company with the purpose of developing a city . . . — Map (db m96295) HM
32Texas (Brazoria County), Freeport — 12420 — Old Oakland — Plantation
Founded 1828 by Henry Wm. Munson, who bought site from Stephen F. Austin, Father of Texas. This land joined Peach Point Plantation, Austin's home. Munson, one of Texans in uprising over injustices at Anahuac and Velasco in 1832, died in yellow fever . . . — Map (db m96310) HM
33Texas (Brazoria County), Freeport — 11766 — Site of San Luis
Located on an island owned by Stephen F. Austin in 1832, the town of San Luis was established by the early 1830s. In 1836 the Follett family opened a boardinghouse and established a ferry service between Galveston and Brazoria County. Developers . . . — Map (db m71624) HM
34Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9569 — Battle of Jones Creek
Fought by Texan army of 23 men under Capt. Randal Jones (1786-1873), sent out 1824 by Stephen F. Austin to the Lower Brazos to fight cannibal Karankawa Indians. Scouts found the camp here. Attack at dawn found Indians ready with spears. Jones’ . . . — Map (db m90241) HM
35Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9558 — Ellerslie Plantation
John Greenville McNeel came to Texas in 1822 with his parents and brothers. Each of the men received land grants from the Mexican government as members of Stephen F. Austin's "Old Three Hundred" colony. Located near this site was the Ellerslie . . . — Map (db m9453) HM
36Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9584 — Emily Margaret Brown Austin Bryan Perry — (1795 - 1851)
Born near Austinville, Virginia, as was her brother Stephen Fuller Austin (1793-1836), Emily moved with her father Moses Austin (1761-1821) and mother Maria Brown Austin (1768-1824) to Missouri in 1798. The family operated lead mines there and . . . — Map (db m90628) HM
37Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — General Stephen Fuller Austin
. . . — Map (db m90626) HM
38Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9565 — Gulf Prairie
Pioneer Cemetery. Originally part of Peach Point Plantation. Used by descendants of James Franklin Perry and wife, Emily Austin Bryan Perry, Stephen F. Austin’s sister, and by the community since 1829. In 1836, Austin, the “Father of . . . — Map (db m90591) HM
39Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9576 — Henry William Munson — (January 15, 1793 - October 6, 1833)
Heroic early Texas soldier. Fought in Battle of the Medina, near San Antonio, 1813. Returned east afterward, but moved to Texas as a colonist in 1824. Fought on behalf of Mexico to quell Fredonian Rebellion, 1827; but against Santa Anna’s agents . . . — Map (db m90589) HM
40Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9585 — James Franklin Perry — (September 19, 1790 - September 13, 1853)
A native of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, James Franklin Perry moved to Potosi, Missouri, in 1808. He joined the mercantile business of his relatives Samuel and John Perry, and became a partner in 1818. While living in Potosi, Perry met and . . . — Map (db m90627) HM
41Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9537 — Major Guy M. Bryan, C.S.A. — 1821-1901
Born in Missouri. Rode a mule to Texas in 1831 to join his uncle, Stephen F. Austin, Father of Texas. A private in Texas War for Independence. Legislator, congressman, member of Texas Secession Convention. Enlisted as a private in the Civil War, but . . . — Map (db m53084) HM
42Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9541 — Major James Peckham Caldwell — (January 6, 1793 - November 16, 1856)
Adjutant of the Texas army in Battle of Velasco, June 26, 1832. Wounded there, he was guarding civilians at time Texas won independence in Battle of San Jacinto, April 21, 1836. A bosom friend of Stephen F. Austin, Caldwell received land . . . — Map (db m90590) HM
43Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9536 — Major Reuben R. Brown — (February 3, 1808 - March 2, 1894)
In Texas War for Independence, joined Matamoros expedition of January 1836. In detachment that captured horses of Gen. Urrea of Mexican army, Brown was made captive in a counterattack, and spent 11 months in prison in Mexico, but finally escaped. . . . — Map (db m90602) HM
44Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9581 — Peach Point
. . . — Map (db m90243) HM
45Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9596 — Stringfellow Ranch
Born at Old Brazoria, Robert Edward Lee Stringfellow (1866-1941) began his career on a cattle ranch at the age of 14. Soon he acquired his own herd. He opened a Velasco meat market in 1890 and provided beef for workers building jetties at the . . . — Map (db m90644) HM
46Texas (Brazoria County), Jones Creek — 9538 — William Joel Bryan — (December 14, 1815 - March 3, 1903)
Grandson of Moses Austin, whose dream of Anglo-American colony changed course of Texas history. Came to Texas with his mother and stepfather in 1831; served in Texas army from 1835 to 1838. A highly successful planter, he was instrumental in . . . — Map (db m111119) HM
47Texas (Brazoria County), Liverpool — 9545 — Vicinity of Oyster Creek and Chocolate Bayou
Most early Texas homes and towns were built along streams that provided water for people and livestock, and travel for boats said to be capable of "floating on a heavy dew". Oyster Creek served, 1822-1861, as such a homesite-highway. Its boat . . . — Map (db m89334) HM
48Texas (Brazoria County), Old Ocean — 9600 — Sweeny Plantation
John Sweeny, Jr., after returning from the Texas Revolution, was given this plantation by his father, an extensive landholder. In 1837 slaves built the house, using only brick, nails and wood made on his land. Molasses, cotton, sugar were produced. . . . — Map (db m120659) HM
49Texas (Brazoria County), Pearland — 11763 — First United Methodist Church of Pearland
Though local Methodist worship can be traced to 1894, this congregation was officially organized in 1898 as the Methodist Episcopal Church of Pearland. The original frame building, shared with other denominations, was damaged in the storm of 1900 . . . — Map (db m137335) HM
50Texas (Brazoria County), Pearland — 9593 — Old Settler's Cemetery — (0.2 miles west)
Settlement of this area began as a result of railroad development through north Brazoria County in 1882. First known as Mark Belt, the townsite was platted in 1894 and named Pearland because of the abundance of pear orchards in the vicinity. An . . . — Map (db m50134) HM
51Texas (Brazoria County), Pearland — 11765 — The 1937 Pearland High School
A terrible storm ravaged Pearland in 1915. Among the important structures it destroyed was the town's high school. For the next 22 years, Pearland teenagers traveled to Webster to attend classes. The long commute severely curtailed their involvement . . . — Map (db m137329) HM
52Texas (Brazoria County), Pearland — 11767 — Zychlinski Park
Named for the Polish nobleman who came to Brazoria County in the late 1880s and fell in love with the flowering pear trees in an area he called Pearland, Zychlinski Park was included in the original town site. Captain Wilhelm Zychlinski bought . . . — Map (db m137331) HM
53Texas (Brazoria County), Quintana — 9589 — Old Quintana
Named for a Mexican general. Early as 1532 a thriving village. Port of entry in Republic of Texas. Strategic fort in Civil War. Industrial area, cattle and cotton shipping point, 1870-1900. Fashionable summer colony, 1884 and afterwards. Largely . . . — Map (db m96307) HM
54Texas (Brazoria County), Surfside — 9607 — Old Velasco, CSA
Historic and key Texas port of entry located near here. During the Civil War was fortified by troops and 8 gun batteries at the mouth of the Brazos River, to provide shelter and landing facilities for blockade runners; to protect rich farmlands; and . . . — Map (db m10331) HM
55Texas (Brazoria County), Surfside — 9605 — Velasco
Here was fought a battle-- the first collision in arms between Texas colonists and the Mexican military-- a conflict preliminary to the Texas War for Independence. On June 26, 1832, when Texans under John Austin and Henry Smith came down river with . . . — Map (db m10332) HM
56Texas (Brazoria County), Surfside Beach — 9564 — Gulf Intracoastal Waterway
This complex of barge canals and natural channels—most valuable waterway in America—stretches 1,116 mi. from Brownsville, Texas, to St. Mark’s, Florida. Is longer, carries more tonnage than Suez and Panama canals. Is a vital link in . . . — Map (db m90133) HM
57Texas (Brazoria County), Surfside Beach — Historical Jetties — Surfside Beach
  1. Capt. C.W. Howell recommended a system of two converging jetties of “closely-driven palmetto piles” to serve as a channel for a seaport at Velasco.
  2. Kanter family gets first contract for . . . — Map (db m90134) HM
58Texas (Brazoria County), Surfside Beach — The Lively
First vessel with emigrants to Austin's colony landed here December 23, 1821. The Battle of Velasco was fought here June 26, 1832. Public and secret treaties of peace between the Republic of Texas and General Santa Anna were signed here . . . — Map (db m96294) HM
59Texas (Brazoria County), Surfside Beach — 9602 — Titlum-Tatlum
Nearby island, resort for fishermen, hunters, small boats. During the Civil War, 1861-65, used by such captains as H.C. Wedemeyer, a peacetime shipbuilder, as base for operations defying Federal blockade. Ships loaded with cotton entered . . . — Map (db m96293) HM
60Texas (Brazoria County), Sweeny — 9598 — Sweeny Cemetery
Begun as family burial ground when John Sweeny, early landowner, member Stephen F. Austin's colony, chose this site for burial of his young daughter Freedonia, 1833. In use ever since by the neighborhood. Has graves of veterans of all wars since . . . — Map (db m158809) HM
61Texas (Brazoria County), Sweeny — 9597 — Thomas Jefferson Sweeny
A San Jacinto Veteran Born in Tennessee 1812 Died in La Grange, Texas 1869 Erected by the State of Texas 1936Map (db m158808) HM
62Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Accomplishments of the First Congress
• Ratified the constitution • Appointed committees • Provided for protection from Indians • Provided for the army and navy • Created the judicial branch • Created the postal department • Created the land office • Established a . . . — Map (db m164582) HM
63Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9547 — Columbia
In September 1836 Columbia, now known as West Columbia, became capital of the Republic of Texas. This took place with the removal of the ad interim government here from Velasco. After the election called by ad interim President David G. Burnet, the . . . — Map (db m49703) HM
64Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 14749 — Columbia - The First Capital of The Republic of Texas
In 1836 and 1837, the town of Columbia (Now West Columbia) served as the capital of the Republic of Texas. Josiah Hughes Bell, a colonist with Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred, surveyed and platted Columbia in 1824 to serve as a center for . . . — Map (db m41707) HM
65Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Columbia in 1836
When ad interim President David G. Burnet selected Columbia to serve as the capital for the first elected Congress of the Republic of Texas, Columbia had a population of approximately 3,000. A group of businessmen promised accommodations for use . . . — Map (db m164586) HM
66Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 13949 — Columbia Rosenwald School
A grant from the Rosenwald Foundation of Chicago led to the establishment of a local school for African American students. The foundation represented a collaboration between Julius Rosenwald, President of Sears, Roebuck, and Company, and the . . . — Map (db m83276) HM
67Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9548 — Columbia United Methodist Church
This congregation traces its history to early Methodist missionary activity during Texas' years as a republic in 1839. The Rev. Isaac L. G. Strickland was assigned to the Brazoria Circuit and organized a Methodist Church in Columbia (now West . . . — Map (db m46456) HM
68Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Columbia's Role in the Discontent
Under Mexican rule, the municipality of Columbia was a part of the Department of Brazos, State of Coahuila and Texas. In early 1830, the Mexican government imposed a series of new policies in an effort to strengthen Mexico's hold on the . . . — Map (db m164566) HM
69Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — First Capitol of the Republic of Texas
Site of First Capitol of Republic of Texas 1836 - 1837 — Map (db m129404) HM
70Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — From Republic to Statehood
Due to the lack of accommodations in Columbia, a competition was announced to search for a new capital location on November 14, 1836 with a decision to be made on November 30. Four ballots were needed before the newly established town of . . . — Map (db m164588) HM
71Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna — 1794-1876
General Santa Anna, the president of Mexico, posed one of the greatest problems to the new republic. Captured following the Mexican army's defeat at San Jacinto, on April 21, 1836, Santa Anna and the Texas cabinet traveled aboard the steamboat . . . — Map (db m164569) HM
72Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9575 — Home of George B. McKinstry — 1802 - 1837
A member of Austin's colony, 1829. Soldier in the Battle of Velasco; delegate to the General Convention, 1832; chief justice of Brazoria County, 1836. In this home, built about 1830, Stephen F. Austin died, December 27, 1836 — Map (db m78618) HM
73Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — In Memory of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. — Jan. 15, 1929 - Apr. 04, 1968
Nonviolent civil rights leader for racial equality. 1964 Nobel Peace Prize Recipient. — Map (db m164591) HM
74Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Josiah Hughes Bell 1791-1838
Josiah Bell, a personal friend of Stephen F. Austin and member of The Old Three Hundred, managed Austin's colony for seventeen months while Austin traveled to Mexico to negotiate with the newly independent Mexican government to continue his . . . — Map (db m164565) HM
75Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Masons of the Republic of Texas
A tribute to the fidelity of pioneer Masons whose outstanding leadership laid the cornerstone of the Republic of Texas. These great Masons gave us our freedom, our heritage, our liberty, and strengthened our faith in God. No men could have . . . — Map (db m164584) HM
76Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Members of the House of Representatives
Mosely Baker Austin - Thomas J. Green Bexar - John W. Bunton Bastrop - Jesse Billingsley - Dr. Branch T. Archer Brazoria - John A. Wharton - John G. Robinson Colorado - John Chenoweth Goliad - William S. Fisher Gonzales - Jesse H. . . . — Map (db m164575) HM
77Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Members of the Senate
Dr. Stephen H. Everitt - Jefferson and Jasper - Robert Wilson - Harrisburg and Liberty - William H. Landrum - Shelby and Sabine - Shelby Corzine - San Augustine - Sterling C. Robertson Milam - Alexander Somervell - Austin and . . . — Map (db m164578) HM
78Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9560 — Near Site of First Capitol of the Republic of Texas
Near site of The First Capitol of the Republic of Texas About 1833 Leman Kelsy built a story-and-a-half clapboard structure near this location. When Columbia became capital of the Republic of Texas in 1836, the building was one of two . . . — Map (db m43057) HM
79Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Officials of the Republic
President Sam Houston - Vice President Mirabeau B. Lamar - Secretary of State Stephen F. Austin - Secretary of Treasury Henry Smith - Attorney General James Pinckney Henderson - Secretary of War Thomas J. Rusk - Secretary of . . . — Map (db m164576) HM
80Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9546 — Old Columbia Cemetery
Site given by Josiah H. Bell family out of their grant, the first deeded to one of "Old 300" in colony of Stephen F. Austin. Has graves of many heroes of Texas Revolution of 1836. Deeded in 1852 to Bethel Presbyterian Church. Since 1933 managed . . . — Map (db m46452) HM
81Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9588 — Phillips Family Cemetery
Zeno Phillips, one of Stephen F. Austin's "Old 300" colonists, acquired land here in 1829. Zeno and his brothers John Clark, Sidney, and James Ray (J.R.) Phillips, served in the Republic of Texas Army. The cemetery began with the burial of Zeno and . . . — Map (db m96305) HM
82Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Problems Facing the New Republic
The newly formed Republic of Texas faced many problems. With no credit and no resources other than land, the republic had a debt of 1.25 million dollars. Hostile Indians plagued the population. The new government appropriated $20,000 to . . . — Map (db m164574) HM
83Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Religion in the New Capital
During the early colonization of Texas, the Catholic religion was the established religion of Texas. As the colonists arrived in Texas to receive their land grant they were required to accept the Catholic faith even though many of them were of . . . — Map (db m164590) HM
84Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Sam Houston, First President of the Republic — 1793-1863
In the August 9, 1836 issue of the Telegraph and Texas Register, Stephen F. Austin, Henry Smith and Branch T. Archer were listed as candidates for the office of president of the new republic. Archer later withdrew and threw his support to . . . — Map (db m164572) HM
85Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Selection of Columbia
Following the signing of the Texas Declaration of Independence on March 2, 1836 at Washington on the Brazos, an ad interim government was formed. Headed by President David G. Burnet and Vice President Lorenzo de Zavala, this government . . . — Map (db m164571) HM
86Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9526 — Site of the Home of Josiah Hughes Bell — 1791 - 1838
One of the “Old Three Hundred” who came to Texas with Stephen F. Austin in 1821 • First alcade (sic, alcalde) of Austin's Colony • On this tract of 6,642 acres, granted him in 1824, was later built the town of Columbia, First . . . — Map (db m52793) HM
87Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Stephen Fuller Austin — 1793-1836
Stephen F. Austin's dedication to the settlement of Texas and its role as a republic was unmatched. Working long hours sometimes into the damp night as the republic's secretary of state, Austin caught a cold, which became pneumonia. With his . . . — Map (db m164585) HM
88Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — The Brazos River and the Steamboat Yellowstone
The Brazos River, whose formal name Brazos de Dios is Spanish for Arms of God, is the longest river in Texas. As it wound its way through Texas, it witnessed the coming of the first Anglo settlers, the signing of the Texas Declaration of . . . — Map (db m164587) HM
89Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — The Capitol Buildings
No single building was large enough to house both the House of Representatives and the Senate. Two buildings served the two bodies of Congress with a number of smaller log houses serving as offices and committee rooms. The Senate met in a . . . — Map (db m164579) HM
90Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — The Capitol Oak
A triple trunked live oak tree stood near the buildings which housed the House of Representatives and Senate. Tradition holds that the Texas Declaration of Independence was first read publicly under this tree causing it to also be called . . . — Map (db m164589) HM
91Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — The Old Three Hundred
The Old Three Hundred refers to the settlers who received land grants in Stephen F. Austin's first colony. In 1821, Moses Austin, Stephen's father, received the first land grant offered by the Spanish government to settle 300 families. Upon . . . — Map (db m164563) HM
92Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — The Runaway Scrape
In January of 1836, General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna began gathering troops on the Rio Grande River to begin his attempted take-over of Texas. Texans living in the southern parts of Texas began fleeing eastward to escape the invading Mexican . . . — Map (db m164568) HM
93Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Vietnam Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to all the veterans who have served their country. They served with honor, and now we honor them. — Map (db m9552) HM
94Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9515 — W. H. Abrams Well No. 1
In 1920, Texas & Pacific Railway official William H. Abrams (1843-1926) of Dallas owned this old plantation land, then considered fit only for pasture. He leased mineral rights to the Texas Company (now Texaco, Inc.), whose drilling reached a . . . — Map (db m52766) HM
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Jan. 16, 2021