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Historical Markers in Castro County, Texas

 
Clickable Map of Castro County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Castro County, TX (13) Deaf Smith County, TX (19) Hale County, TX (43) Lamb County, TX (21) Parmer County, TX (18) Randall County, TX (54) Swisher County, TX (23)  CastroCounty(13) Castro County (13)  DeafSmithCounty(19) Deaf Smith County (19)  HaleCounty(43) Hale County (43)  LambCounty(21) Lamb County (21)  ParmerCounty(18) Parmer County (18)  RandallCounty(54) Randall County (54)  SwisherCounty(23) Swisher County (23)
Dimmitt is the county seat for Castro County
Adjacent to Castro County, Texas
      Deaf Smith County (19)  
      Hale County (43)  
      Lamb County (21)  
      Parmer County (18)  
      Randall County (54)  
      Swisher County (23)  
 
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1Texas, Castro County, Arney — 207 — Arney School
Among the early settlers in northeast Castro County were George and Jim Arney, two brothers from Missouri, for whom Arney community was named. A school was started in 1901 for the children of settlers and ranch hands. The first schoolhouse, a . . . Map (db m150401) HM
2Texas, Castro County, Dimmit — 5360 — The J. W. Carter Family and the 7-Up Ranch
The first permanent settlers in Castro County, the James W. Carter family moved to this area in 1884. A tent and dugout served as home until a house was constructed (100 yds. W). Their cattle, which they brought with them, were marked with the 7-UP . . . Map (db m100517) HM
3Texas, Castro County, Dimmitt — 758 — Castro County Courthouses
This site was set aside as the Dimmitt town square in 1891, the year Castro County was formally organized. Temporary court facilities were set up in J. N. Morrison's office while the first courthouse was built. An ornate two-story structure, it . . . Map (db m91116) HM
4Texas, Castro County, Dimmitt — 2185 — Gilbreath-Cowsert House
Tennessee native Jeff T. Gilbreath moved his family to this area in 1905. The owner of a local mercantile store, he built this house in 1909. He sold it in 1910 to county attorney Mark Cowsert, whose family lived here until 1912. The house changed . . . Map (db m91115) HM
5Texas, Castro County, Dimmitt — 75 — Quanah Parker TrailTexas Plains Trail Region
Comanches used Running Water & Frio Draws in this area as trailways for hunting & trade with Comancheros Arrow Sculptor: Charles A Smith Map (db m167621) HM
6Texas, Castro County, Dimmitt — 4689 — Shoot-out on Jones Street
At an 1891 meeting to discuss the selection of a Castro County seat, words were exchanged between Ira Aten, a retired Texas Ranger speaking on behalf of Castro City, and Andrew McClelland, a spokesman for Dimmitt. The inflammatory remarks led to a . . . Map (db m91118) HM
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7Texas, Castro County, Dimmitt — 5019 — Spring Lake Pasture Division of the XIT Ranch
Encompassing land in ten counties of the Texas Panhandle. The XIT Ranch was established through the exchange of public lands to finance construction of the state capitol. In 1887, it was divided into seven divisions, the largest of which, the . . . Map (db m153247) HM
8Texas, Castro County, Dimmitt — 5146 — Summerfield-Dameron Corner
In 1876, English native John Summerfield (1885-1918) began his work locating and surveying millions of acres of land in present-day Randall, Deaf Smith, Castro and Swisher counties. One of the earth monuments he erected that year was . . . Map (db m91120) HM
9Texas, Castro County, Hereford — 3902 — P.O.W. Camp Chapel
This chapel is one of the few physical reminders of the days this site served as an Italian Prisoner of War Camp during World War II. The prisoners, several of them fine artisans and craftsmen, designed and built the chapel, crafting the concrete . . . Map (db m56028) HM
10Texas, Castro County, Hereford — 4124 — Prisoner of War Camp Chapel(3 Mi. W.)
Near this site during World War II the Hereford Military Reservation and Reception Center, a prisoner of war camp, was established. During nearly three years of operation, approximately 7000 Italian soldiers were imprisoned. Through their work on . . . Map (db m202523) HM
11Texas, Castro County, Nazareth — 2517 — Holy Family Catholic Church
The history of Holy Family Catholic Church parallels that of the town of Nazareth. The families of brothers V. A., J. A. and T. P. McCormick and other Irish families came to this area from New York in the early 1890s. The Rev. Joseph Reisdorff . . . Map (db m91124) HM
12Texas, Castro County, Nazareth — 17921 — Holy Family Cemetery
In 1902, Joseph Reisdorff, pastor and colonizer of Nazareth, devoted land donated by Wilhelmina Thier to be Holy Family Cemetery. First interment was the body of Anna Lackerman in August 1906. Reflecting Nazareth’s heritage, nine early tombstones . . . Map (db m91125) HM
13Texas, Castro County, Nazareth — 17942 — Home Mercantile
For 90 years, starting in 1905, Nazareth residents purchased goods here. The original wood-framed structure, built by Fred Heidgerken with living quarters above, opened its main floor to home shopping needs and the storing and selling of fresh meat . . . Map (db m91122) HM
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Feb. 3, 2023