“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Gonzales County, Texas

Clickable Map of Gonzales County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Gonzales County, TX (57) Caldwell County, TX (21) DeWitt County, TX (38) Fayette County, TX (65) Guadalupe County, TX (50) Karnes County, TX (18) Lavaca County, TX (70) Wilson County, TX (37)  GonzalesCounty(57) Gonzales County (57)  CaldwellCounty(21) Caldwell County (21)  DeWittCounty(38) DeWitt County (38)  FayetteCounty(65) Fayette County (65)  GuadalupeCounty(50) Guadalupe County (50)  KarnesCounty(18) Karnes County (18)  LavacaCounty(70) Lavaca County (70)  WilsonCounty(37) Wilson County (37)
Adjacent to Gonzales County, Texas
    Caldwell County (21)
    DeWitt County (38)
    Fayette County (65)
    Guadalupe County (50)
    Karnes County (18)
    Lavaca County (70)
    Wilson County (37)
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1Texas (Gonzales County), Belmont — 17932 — William B. Fleming
Born in Lumpkin County, Georgia, in 1830, William B. Fleming came to Texas before 1850 where he enlisted in Company C of the Texas Rangers Mounted Volunteers and later the Confederate Army during the Civil War. After the war, Fleming moved to . . . Map (db m128145) HM
2Texas (Gonzales County), Cost — 1224 — Dikes Family Cemetery
Established about 1850 by Miles G. Dikes (1804-1872). An original member of DeWitt Colony, Dikes emigrated from Georgia in 1829. In 1839 , married Eady Hodges (1810-1868). First known burial, in 1859, was Dikes' son, Lovic. Cemetery contains 20 . . . Map (db m128147) HM
3Texas (Gonzales County), Cost — 1867 — First Shot of the Texas Revolution
One and one-half mile from here the first shot of the Texas Revolution was fired from a small cannon by Texans under the command of Col. John H. Moore October 2, 1835Map (db m128146) HM
4Texas (Gonzales County), Cost — 2459 — Here was Fired First Gun for Texas Independence
Here was fired first gun for Texas Independence. Oct. 2, 1835 Erected by the children of Gonzales city schools. Apr. 21, 1903Map (db m118444) HM
5Texas (Gonzales County), Cost — 13546 — Site of Cost School
In the 1890s, children of families living in the Cost community, originally known as Oso, attended area schools that were part of the White School District No. 38 and County School District No. 38-1/2 to the east. By 1903, the county built the Cost . . . Map (db m128148) HM
6Texas (Gonzales County), Cost — 1866 — Site of the First Shot of the Texas Revolution
Near here on October 2, 1835 was fired the first shot of the Texas Revolution of 1835-36 - the shot heard round the world. At Gonzales the Texans defied the Mexican government and refused their demand for the Gonzales cannon with the "Come and Take . . . Map (db m118445) HM
7Texas (Gonzales County), Dewville — 1216 — Dewville United Methodist Church
Settlers in the community of Sandies began to hold Methodist worship services in 1842. Sandies Chapel was chartered by the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, in 1857. Trustees were Newburn Guinn, David Barnes, E.R. Hurt, D.P. Briggs, and J.T. . . . Map (db m167460) HM
8Texas (Gonzales County), Dewville — 4566 — Sandies Chapel Cemetery
This cemetery first served as a burial ground for the family of Joseph and Catherine McCoy, pioneer settlers in the Green DeWitt Colony. It was later used by residents of the Sandies Chapel community. The earliest graves date from the 1860s. Among . . . Map (db m167462) HM
9Texas (Gonzales County), Dewville — 4567 — Sandies-Dewville Community
Sandies was settled in the 1830s by members of Green DeWitt's Colony. A church (1842), Masonic Lodge (1858), and school were established. Tom and Frank Dew opened their store and gin one mile from Sandies in 1886. A post office opened in 1894 at . . . Map (db m167461) HM
10Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 1221 — 1834 Homesite of Capt. and Mrs. Almaron Dickinson
Site of the home to which two of the survivors of the Alamo returned, March 13, 1836. Susanna Dickinson, with her infant daughter, brought news of fall of Alamo into Mexican hands (March 6) and of the death of its heroic defenders from Gonzales, . . . Map (db m128171) HM
11Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 13823 — Andrew Ponton — Texas Heroes Square —
Born in Virginia to William and Isabella (Mooreland) Ponton, Andrew Ponton came to Texas in December 1829 and settled in Green DeWitt's Colony, receiving a land grant near Hallettsville. He became active in area politics, and in 1834 he was named . . . Map (db m36591) HM
12Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 690 — Campsite Marking Start of San Jacinto Campaign
On March 11, 1836, Sam Houston, leader of Texas Revolutionary Forces, arrived here to organize the second volunteer army. On March 13, he heard of the massacre of Alamo defenders and that the Mexican army was advancing toward Gonzales. He . . . Map (db m128172) HM
13Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 795 — Central Square
Green DeWitt in 1825 appointed James Kerr to select and survey the capital for DeWitt's Mexican land grant colony. Kerr named the capital Gonzales for Don Rafael Gonzales, Governor of Coahuila and Texas. This was central square in 49-block . . . Map (db m128166) HM
14Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 853 — Church Square
This block of the inner town of Gonzales was set aside in original plans of surveyor James Kerr for religious uses. Kerr's plans were approved by Don Rafael Gonzales the Provisional Governor of Coahuila and Texas. This block is still used for . . . Map (db m128168) HM
15Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 1634 — First Baptist Church of Gonzales
Pioneer Texas Baptist minister Z. N. Morrell organized the first Baptist congregation in Gonzales in 1841. It disbanded after about four years, but by 1847 a new congregation, led by the Rev. Richard Ellis and nine charter members, had taken its . . . Map (db m123658) HM
16Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 1756 — First Methodist Churchof Gonzales
Circuit-riding Methodist preachers conducted worship services in this area as early as 1824. In 1841 the Rev. J. P. Sneed organized a Methodist church here as part of his circuit, which included Victoria, Port Lavaca, and Seguin. By 1843 the . . . Map (db m123645) HM
17Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 2025 — Fort Waul
Named for Confederate General Thomas N. Waul, Fort Waul was built to defend inland Texas from possible Federal advances up the Guadalupe River from the Gulf of Mexico, as well as to provide protection for military supply trains. Construction of the . . . Map (db m155559) HM
18Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 2214 — Gonzales Cannon
On this site September 29, 1835 the Mexican government troops demanded the return of the Gonzales cannon. After two days delay, awaiting recruits, the colonists answered, "Come and Take It."Map (db m128151) HM
19Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 2215 — Gonzales Cannon Burial Site
On this site September 29, 1835 the Gonzales cannon was buried from the 150 Mexican Dragoons sent to demand it. Two days later it was mounted on ox-cart wheels, loaded with chains and scrap iron, and fired at the Mexican Army, the . . . Map (db m128170) HM
20Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 2218 — Gonzales County Jail
. . . Map (db m123638) HM
21Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 2219 — Gonzales Courthouse
In county organized 1837, first courthouse burned 1893. This second one was built 1894-1896 at cost of $64,450. Headquarters for many Texas leaders; scene of important court decisions.Map (db m123635) HM
22Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 2220 — Gonzales Memorial Museum and Amphitheatre
The commission created by the Texas Legislature in 1935 to oversee Texas' centennial joined with the Public Works Administration to build a memorial to Texas Revolution events in Gonzales. The memorial includes a museum, amphitheatre and . . . Map (db m128176) HM
23Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 12837 — Green Dewitt Cemetery
Green (1787-1835) and Sarah (Seely) (1789-1854) Dewitt moved their family from Missouri to Texas in 1826 after he successfully petitioned the Mexican government for an Empresario Grant to settle 400 Anglo-Americans on lands southwest of Stephen F. . . . Map (db m128149) HM
24Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 2710 — Jail Square
First mapped in 1825 as "Market Square," but had become "Jail Square" prior to 1836 when Gonzales was burned by order of Gen. Sam Houston to prevent buildings and supplies falling into possession of oncoming enemy, Gen. Santa Anna.Map (db m128167) HM
25Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 2725 — James Hodges Sr.
​ James Hodges, Sr., came to Gonzales in April 1835. Soon after his arrival he purchased four leagues (17,721 acres) of land at the forks of San Marcos and Guadalupe Rivers for $3,000 in silver. On September 26, 1835, in an election, held . . . Map (db m155555) HM
26Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 1735 — James W. RobinsonFirst Lieutenant Governor of Texas — (1800-1857) —
First Lieutenant Governor of Texas James W. Robinson (1800-1857) Born in Indiana. Came to Texas in 1833. Elected lieutenant governor in November, 1835, Served as governor January to March 1836, then fought as a private in the Battle of San Jacinto . . . Map (db m123611) HM
27Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 3373 — Military Plaza
To comply with wishes of governor of Coahuila and Texas, the 1825 plans for Gonzales followed usual plans for Spanish towns. Surveyed by James Kerr, agent for colony's contractor, Green DeWitt, and Kerr's assistant, Byrd Lockhart. This was named . . . Map (db m123661) HM
28Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 4045 — Plaza
Gonzales town tract of 4 square leagues had 49 squares in inner city - 7 of these squares for public use. This one was for municipal buildings, but became plaza. Now called Texas Heroes Square, in honor of all Gonzales men who fought in the . . . Map (db m128169) HM
29Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 4367 — Route of Gen. Sam Houstonto San Jacinto
Stricken with news of the fall of the Alamo and threatened by a massive Mexican army, Sam Houston gathered the nucleus of a Texan army here, issued orders to burn this town (to hinder the Mexicans) and marched east, March 13, 1836. He won Victory . . . Map (db m128177) HM
30Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 4503 — Sam Houston Oak
1/8 mile north is Sam Houston Oak where General Sam Houston established his headquarters camp March 13, 1836 after burning the town of Gonzales Under this oak his small army was joined by many volunteers from the eastern . . . Map (db m128178) HM
31Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 4571 — Santa Anna Mound
Extending from this point one-quarter mile west is Santa Anna Mound formerly De Witt Mound now site De Witt Family Cemetery. Here Mexican troops camped between September 29 and October 1, 1835, awaiting delivery of the Gonzales . . . Map (db m128152) HM
32Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — Sarah Ponton Eggleston
Sarah Ann Ponton, the youngest child of William Ponton and Isabella (Mooreland) Ponton, was born September 16, 1820 in Boonville, Cooper County, Missouri. She migrated to Texas with her parents in 1829. After her father's massacre by Indians in . . . Map (db m158403) HM
33Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 1215 — Sarah Seely De Witt
Who with her daughter Evaline made the first battle flag of Texas used by the colonists in the Battle of Gonzales, October 2, 1835 Born in Virginia, 1789 came to Texas in 1826 with her husband Green De Witt, Empresario, and their . . . Map (db m128150) HM
34Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 2634 — Site of Indian Fort
An Indian raid July 2, 1826, left one Gonzales settler dead, another shot, homes plundered. Settlers fled to Burnham Station on the Colorado, or moved to Lavaca River. In 1827 DeWitt's colonists were ordered back here. On this lot they built . . . Map (db m128173) HM
35Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 1405 — The Eggleston House
​​ The Eggleston House was one of the first houses built in Gonzales after the Runaway Scrape and burning of the town in 1836. Horace Eggleston built this house in 1848 and it was one of the first permanent type in Gonzales. The house . . . Map (db m155582) HM
36Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 2624 — The Immortal 32
In Memory of the Immortal 32 Gonzales men and boys who, on March 1, 1836 fought their way into the beleaguered Alamo to die with Colonel William B. Travis for the Liberty of Texas. They were the last and only reinforcements to arrive in answer to . . . Map (db m128175) HM
37Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 13 — The Old Eighteen
On this site, September 29, 1835 began the strategy of the 18 Texians who by advising with Alcalde Andrew Ponton, held for two days 150 Mexican dragoons sent to demand the Gonzales cannon, allowing colonists time to mass recruits for . . . Map (db m123671) HM
38Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 12612 — The Presbyterian Churchof Gonzales
On February 29, 1852, the Presbyterian Church of Gonzales was constituted with eight charter members, led by the Rev. Joel T. Case. The Rev. John McRae served as the first permanent pastor and the congregation held worship services once a month in . . . Map (db m123660) HM
39Texas (Gonzales County), Gonzales — 5894 — Women of the Confederacy
To the Women of the Confederacy whose hearts bled, whose hands healed, whose pride was crucified, yet who were never conquered by the bitterness of war nor the devastation of the Reconstruction. To their glorious memory . . . Map (db m128349) WM
40Texas (Gonzales County), Harwood — 2401 — Harwood Cemetery
The town of Harwood was founded in 1875 as a stop on the Galveston, Harrisburg, and San Antonio Railroad. Land was designated for a cemetery when town lots were platted. The oldest marked grave is that of I.M. Shelton, a Civil War veteran who died . . . Map (db m163285) HM
41Texas (Gonzales County), Harwood — 2402 — Harwood Methodist Church and Masonic Lodge
After the Galveston, Harrisburg & San Antonio Railroad established Harwood in 1875, this community meetinghouse was built. The first floor was used for Methodist worship services and housed a school. The Harwood Masonic Lodge No. 468 met on the . . . Map (db m163284) HM
42Texas (Gonzales County), Harwood — 3065 — Theodore S. Lee
Born in Rutland, Vermont 1799 Died in December, 1884 His Wife Hester Lee Born in Rutland, Vermont Died in 1888 Erected by the State of TexasMap (db m163286) HM
43Texas (Gonzales County), Leesville — 16602 — 1835 Attack at Sandies Water Hole
Native American raids were a major concern of DeWitt's Colony, which settled in this area after its 1825 establishment. To protect the colonists, Green DeWitt built a fort in Gonzales and requested troops and a cannon from Mexican authorities. In . . . Map (db m167419) HM
44Texas (Gonzales County), Leesville — 16599 — Gonzales - San Antonio Road
Shortly after he established his colony along the Guadalupe River in 1825, Green Dewitt ordered that a road be built between his capital city, Gonzales, and San Antonio. Byrd Lockhart surveyed the road and opened it in 1827. Eighty miles long and . . . Map (db m167418) HM
45Texas (Gonzales County), Leesville — 3066 — Leesville Baptist Church
The first meeting place of this congregation, organized in 1875, was destroyed by a storm in 1886. The membership then moved across O'Neal Creek to this site, purchased from pioneer settler N.H. Guinn, and erected this simple frame church in . . . Map (db m167414) HM
46Texas (Gonzales County), Leesville — 3067 — Leesville School
Settled prior to the Civil War, the community of Leesburg, later known as Leesville, was a thriving trade and supply center for the region when this one-room brick schoolhouse was constructed in 1868. The building site was conveyed to stockholders . . . Map (db m167415) HM
47Texas (Gonzales County), Leesville — Rev. Alejo HernándezIn Memoriam
At the 13th Session of the West Texas Conference, Methodist Episcopal Church South, held at Leesburg, TX, Alejo Hernández was ordained Deacon by Bishop Enoch Marvin on December 24, 1871. He was the first person of Mexican descent ordained by the . . . Map (db m167421) HM
48Texas (Gonzales County), Nixon — 104 — Albuquerque(2.5 Miles to the Northeast )
Near 1857 Ranch of Samuel and Martha (Hastings) McCracken. Post office, opened 1869, was named by veterans of Sibley's Civil War campaign in New Mexico. Town had businesses, school, blacksmith shop where DeWitt County Sheriff Jack Helm died (1873) . . . Map (db m167486) HM
49Texas (Gonzales County), Nixon — 1660 — First Baptist Church of Nixon
The town of Rancho existed about one mile north of here for many years prior to the establishment of Nixon in 1906 on the new San Antonio and Gulf Railroad line. This church was organized in 1869 as a mission of the San Antonio Baptist Association . . . Map (db m167389) HM
50Texas (Gonzales County), Nixon — 16604 — Rancho
Rancho grew up around the country store of Paul Murray, on land he purchased in 1849. His store was located at the intersection of roads that led to the important settlements of San Antonio, Gonzales, Seguin, Cuero, Goliad and Indianola. Murray . . . Map (db m167463) HM
51Texas (Gonzales County), Nixon — 4865 — Site of Old Town of Union Valley(Settled in 1860s)
Original schoolhouse of logs on site given by Harriet Smith Beaty in 1872 to trustees John Coleman, King Holstein, and Samuel McCracken, was replaced 1877 by a frame one on William Cone land, serving as Masonic Hall, Church, Court Room. Union Post . . . Map (db m167488) HM
52Texas (Gonzales County), Smiley — 1676 — First Baptist Church of Smiley
George W. Colley, who established a home, gin, and grist mill on Smiley Lake (1 M. S) in 1879, arranged for the Rev. John Stringer to hold the area's first formal Baptist meeting in 1880. People from throughout the area attended the 3-week brush . . . Map (db m167379) HM
53Texas (Gonzales County), Smiley — 3812 — Old Smiley Lake and Townsite
Attracted by abundant water from a natural lake, settlers began moving to this area in the late 1840s. Ranching provided the earliest commerce. In addition to cattle and sheep, ranchers raised racing horses for sale in the southern states. . . . Map (db m167380) HM
54Texas (Gonzales County), Smiley — 4952 — Smiley United Methodist Church
Methodists in the Smiley area gathered for informal worship services as early as 1879. In 1885 a congregation, originally known as the Bundick Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, was organized with about six charter families. The Rev. . . . Map (db m167388) HM
55Texas (Gonzales County), Waelder — 2561 — Hopkinsville Lodge No. 183, A.F. & A.M.
After migrating from his native Georgia, Dennis Sheffield Hopkins (1819-1917) founded the community of Hopkinsville (5 miles NW) in 1852. He helped organize this Masonic Lodge there in 1855. The thriving village also had a grist mill, gin, several . . . Map (db m163278) HM
56Texas (Gonzales County), Waelder — 1135 — Leander C. Cunningham
. . . Map (db m163283) HM
57Texas (Gonzales County), Waelder — 5441 — The Town of Waelder
In 1875 and 1876, when the Galveston Harrisburg & San Antonio Railroad built through Gonzales County, this town was laid out to serve as a shipping point for the surrounding agricultural and ranching area. Hopkinsville, a thriving community five . . . Map (db m6978) HM
May. 18, 2021