“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Pecos County, Texas

Clickable Map of Pecos County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Pecos County, TX (56) Brewster County, TX (53) Crane County, TX (7) Crockett County, TX (46) Jeff Davis County, TX (25) Reeves County, TX (20) Terrell County, TX (7) Ward County, TX (13)  PecosCounty(56) Pecos County (56)  BrewsterCounty(53) Brewster County (53)  CraneCounty(7) Crane County (7)  CrockettCounty(46) Crockett County (46)  JeffDavisCounty(25) Jeff Davis County (25)  ReevesCounty(20) Reeves County (20)  TerrellCounty(7) Terrell County (7)  WardCounty(13) Ward County (13)
Fort Stockton is the county seat for Pecos County
Adjacent to Pecos County, Texas
      Brewster County (53)  
      Crane County (7)  
      Crockett County (46)  
      Jeff Davis County (25)  
      Reeves County (20)  
      Terrell County (7)  
      Ward County (13)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — "Officer's Row"
Eight Officer Quarters were built on the west side of the Parade Ground, one of which burned in an evening fire in 1872. The quarters housed married officers and their families, as well as bachelor officers and married officers who were serving on . . . Map (db m201521) HM
2Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — "The Old Fort"
This important Indian Wars Fort was active from 1867 to 1886. It was strategically placed at Comanche Springs to protect the San Antonio to El Paso mail, freight wagons, cattle drives and immigrants. The United States Army was charged by the Treaty . . . Map (db m201520) HM
3Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — "The Old Fort"
This important Indian Wars Fort was active from 1867 to 1886. It was strategically placed at Comanche Springs to protect the San Antonio to El Paso mail, freight wagons, cattle drives and immigrants. The United States Army was charged by the Treaty . . . Map (db m201526) HM
4Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 171 — Annie Riggs Hotel
Fort Stockton's first hotel of significance. Built 1900. Adobe, with "gingerbread" trim. Large verandas, dining room, parlors, guest rooms. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1966 Entered in the National Register of Historic . . . Map (db m138957) HM
5Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 5 — Annie Riggs Museum
The Annie Riggs Memorial Museum was originally the Koehler Hotel built in 1899. Annie Frazier Johnson Riggs purchased the hotel for $5,000 in 1904 and changed the name to the Riggs Hotel. She operated the business as a boarding house. The building . . . Map (db m201463) HM
6Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — Comanche Springs
Once, one of the largest artesian spring systems in Texas, called Comanche by early Mexican settlers, it provided 60 million gallons of water per day. Water that all relied upon; the Comanche, Apache, Kiowa, Kickapoo, mail coaches to El Paso and San . . . Map (db m201374) HM
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7Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 14 — Comanche Springs Pool & Pavilion
The pavilion was built in 1938 over the Big Chief Spring. It was the largest spring in the Comanche Springs system and flowed 65 million gallons of water a day. The pool, as it exists today, was constructed in 1953 and serves as host to the annual . . . Map (db m201512) HM
8Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 1096 — Courthouse, Jail and Zero Stone
Courthouse and jail built 1883 of native sandstone. Nearby Zero Stone place in 1859 as first reference point of local surveys. Recorded Texas Historical Landmark - 1966Map (db m139405) HM
9Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 2 — Downtown Fort Stockton
Fort Stockton was incorporated as a city after a 56 to 51 vote in favor on December 27, 1910. Prior to that time, the original settlement was named St. Gall. The citizens changed the name to Fort Stockton in 1881. Fort Stockton's first Mayor was . . . Map (db m201444) HM
10Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 3 — First National Bank
The First National Bank was constructed in 1912 by contractors Westerman and Mitchell who had just remodeled the Pecos County Courthouse. The bank was established in 1910 as the rail fueled growth, but the bank failed during the Great Depression. . . . Map (db m201445) HM
11Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 6476 — First National Bank Building
Built in 1912, this structure originally housed the First National Bank of Fort Stockton. Established two years earlier, the bank failed during the years of the great depression. In 1935 the building was purchased by the Pecos County State Bank. . . . Map (db m201446) HM
12Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 1875 — First Telephone Exchange
The Pecos County commissioners authorized E.W. Bennett (1858-1933) to establish Ft. Stockton's first telephone service in May 1909. The switchboard, operated by Bennett's daughter, Zetta, was located in a room attached to this adobe house, where the . . . Map (db m201535) HM
13Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 2023 — Fort Stockton — CSA
(Front): After Federal evacuation at start of Civil War, occupied by 2nd Regiment Texas Mounted Rifles. On far western frontier defense line. Supply post for troops going to and from Arizona-New Mexico campaign 1861-1862, designed to make . . . Map (db m63592) HM WM
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14Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 2021 — Fort Stockton Guard House
Founded in 1859, Fort Stockton was abandoned during the Civil War and reestablished in 1867, when this guard house was built. Stone for the structure was quarried locally. The lumber was hauled from Indianola by oxcart. The Guard House consisted of . . . Map (db m56547) HM
15Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 2022 — Fort Stockton Officers' Quarters
When Fort Stockton was rebuilt in 1867 to protect the route to El Paso, seven homes were erected for officers' families. Built with rock foundations and thick adobe walls, the structures faced the parade ground. Nearby were located corrals, carriage . . . Map (db m81871) HM
16Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 2283 — Grey Mule Saloon
Part of Old Fort Stockton; built in 1880's. Hangout for cowboys and hotel guests. Later a store and post office. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1966 Entered in the National Register of Historic Places - 1973Map (db m138958) HM
17Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 4 — Grey Mule Saloon
The Grey Mule Saloon, circa 1890, was one of several saloons in early Fort Stockton. Cowboys camping on the Pecos River would frequent the saloons, which were the sites of several gun fights and shootings. In 1894 Sheriff A.J. Royal was in the . . . Map (db m201464) HM
18Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 17 — Historic Fort Stockton Cemetery
The Army returned in 1867 after the Civil War and rebuilt the fort. The cemetery was established in 1875. The remains of soldiers buried here were removed to Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery in San Antonio in 1888 following the closure of Fort . . . Map (db m201443) HM
19Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 9 — Historic Old Jail
Pecos County built its first jail in 1877 after the county was created in 1871 and organized in 1875. Construction began in 1882 on the second, two-story jail of native sandstone. The county dedicated the jail on December 10, 1884. Several . . . Map (db m195506) HM
20Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 2583 — Hovey School
About 1910 a railroad stop named Hovey was established about 40 miles west of here on the Kansas City, Mexico, and Orient Railroad. By 1913 Hovey contained a depot, post office/general store, and several stock shipping pens. Hovey school was . . . Map (db m138959) HM
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21Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 2971 — Koehler's Saloon and Store
Built 1870's of field stone. Herman Koehler in 1884 opened saloon at one end, general store and bank at other. Later second story was added. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1966Map (db m138960) HM
22Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 13 — Koehler's Store and Saloon - Comanche Springs
Built in 1878, Koehler's Store was a one-story masonry building. By 1884, the store had expanded to include a store, bank and saloon. The second floor was added in the 1930s as a WPA project. Today Pecos County owns the building and it serves as the . . . Map (db m201510) HM
23Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 4033 — Mr. and Mrs. Isaac J. Rude — Pioneer Stagecoach Stand Operators
On way to California from Tennessee in the 1850's Isaac J. and Sarah Isabella Rude settled in West Texas. In Davis Mountains, Rude built and operated a station for the Butterfield Overland Stage; here passengers had meals while mules were . . . Map (db m169377) HM
24Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 12473 — O. W. Williams
Kentucky native Oscar Waldo Williams (1853-1946) graduated from Harvard with a law degree in 1876 and moved to Texas in search of a drier climate. He worked as a land surveyor as the South Plains opened for settlement and in 1884 accepted a job as . . . Map (db m138961) HM
25Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 3684 — Oil and Gas Industry in Pecos County
Located in the petroleum-rich Permian Basin, Pecos is one of the most prolific oil-and gas-producing counties in Texas. The petroleum business here began about 1900 with the drilling of the Turney well near an ancient "seep", a traditional local . . . Map (db m138962) HM
26Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 3731 — Old Fort Cemetery
Burial ground for soldiers stationed at Fort Stockton and for civilians in the little town that grew up around the post. The fort was established 1859; temporarily closed 1861-1867. Troops here protected the San Antonio-San Diego mail line and . . . Map (db m82348) HM
27Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 11 — Old School and Telegraph Office
The U.S. Army first built the eastern end of the oldest remaining school building to house Western Union telegraph station. The remainder of the building was constructed and used as one-room school house with 18 students and teacher Jessie Williams. . . . Map (db m201502) HM
28Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 10 — Oldest House
One of Fort Stockton's earliest remaining homes, the "Oldest House", is believed to have been built between 1855 and 1860 to serve as quarters for Camp Stockton's sutler (civilian merchant) J. D. Holiday. The "U" shaped footprint is typical of adobe . . . Map (db m186258) HM
29Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 3842 — Oldest House
Only reminder of first Fort Stockton, founded 1859. Was part of old St. Gall townsite. Had thatched roof, adobe walls. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark-1966 Preservation efforts made possible by donations in honor of Clayton . . . Map (db m186264) HM
30Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 3973 — Pecos County
Formed from Presidio County Created May 3, 1871 Organized March 9, 1875 On March 9, 1875, the following county officers were elected: George M. Frazer, Chief Justice Cesario Torres, Commissioner Francis Rooney, Commissioner . . . Map (db m136354) HM
31Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 6 — Pecos County Courthouse
In 1875 Pecos County was officially organized and St. Gall, later named Fort Stockton, was designated as its seat of government. The current Pecos County Courthouse is the fourth since the county's founding. The first (1875) was officially . . . Map (db m186249) HM
32Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — Pecos County Fort Stockton Renewable Energy Park
Pecos County is the only county in Texas that is a top ten producer of renewable energy, oil, and natural gas. The first large utility grade wind farms in Texas were constructed in the Fort Stockton, Pecos County area in 2000/2001. The farms are . . . Map (db m201393) HM
33Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — Pecos County Korea and Vietnam Memorial
Lest We Forget Korea Paul M. Hall Viet Nam Ricardo G. Davis Salvador G. DuranMap (db m201484) WM
34Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — Pecos County World War II Memorial
Lest We Forget A.J. Campbell • Robert P. Murchison • J.C. Daugherty • Paul Pace • Miguel V. Franco • Guillermo Garcia • James Parks • Jose Pena • D.M. Garvin • Eulogio C. Rodriguez • C.W. Johnson • Jose F. Rodriguez • Howard Johnson • . . . Map (db m201474) WM
35Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — Pecos County's Contribution 1917 - to the World War - 1919
Able, J.D. • Achterberg, Albert J. • Achterberg, George • Barr, R.E. • Bennett, R.A. • Bragg, W.R. • Brown, W.L. • Broyles, Jack • Broyles, James • Burkett, George • Camp, Jo W. • Campos, Alberto • Cannon, C.C. • Castro, Libro • Chipman, E. • . . . Map (db m201477) WM
36Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 4757 — Site of Comanche Springs
Used as a watering place and camping ground by Indians since pre-Columbian times, the springs were possibly visited about 1536 by Spaniard Cabeza de Vaca on his wanderings through Texas. The expedition of Juan de Mendoza, with his party of . . . Map (db m201800) HM
37Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 4798 — Site of Fort Stockton
Established on the Comanche Trail, March 23, 1859, as a protection to the San Antonio-San Diego mail route. Named in honor of Commodore Robert Field Stockton, 1795-1866, who captured California for the United States. A stage stand on the San Diego . . . Map (db m84320) HM
38Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 8 — St. Joseph Catholic Church
St. Joseph Catholic Church is an adobe structure that was erected to house worship services in 1875 for the Catholic population. In 1874, three acres of land near Comanche Springs were donated to the Catholic Church for the purpose of constructing a . . . Map (db m201472) HM
39Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 5048 — St. Joseph's Catholic Church
Efforts to establish a Catholic church in the area began shortly after the Civil War when Fort Stockton was reoccupied by United States troops. The first services were conducted in 1872 by Father Claude Jaillet and Father Adolfo Guichon. . . . Map (db m138963) HM
40Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 4488 — St. Stephen's Episcopal Church
Originally constructed at Pecos (54 mi. NW) in 1896, this building served the congregation of St. Mark's Episcopal Church. In 1958 it was sold to members of St. Stephen's Episcopal Church of Fort Stockton and moved to this site. Located on property . . . Map (db m80279) HM
41Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 15 — St. Stephens, Hovey School, Rollins Sibley House
St. Stephens Episcopal Church is one of the oldest Protestant churches west of the Pecos River. Originally, the church was constructed as St. Mark's Church in Pecos in 1896. The church was moved to its present location in 1958 at the south end of . . . Map (db m201511) HM
42Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 5218 — Telegraph Office & School
First school in area, 1883. Smaller structure served as first office for Army telegraph line which arrived in 1876. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1966Map (db m201503) HM
43Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — The "Prairie Schooner" and Early Settlers
The great movement into the West was truly one of the one of the most interesting periods of this nation's history. The period of time between the 1840's to the 1890's represent one of the greatest movements of humanity we will ever see in this . . . Map (db m201394) HM
44Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — The 9th Cavalry, Fort Stockton and Edward Hatch
Military presence began here with the establishment of Camp Stockton in 1858 by troops of the 1st and 8th Infantry, US Army. It was named for Commodore Robert Field Stockton, a naval officer who distinguished himself during the Mexican War. This . . . Map (db m201375) HM
45Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — The Enlisted Soldier
Enlisted men, the work force of the fort, lived in five adobe barracks on this side of the parade ground. Fort Stockton had both foot soldiers (infantry) and mounted soldiers (cavalry). During the fort's early years, the soldiers patrolled the . . . Map (db m201532) HM
46Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — The Great Comanche War Trail
The Comanche War Trail: Every September since the late 18th century, around the full moon or "Comanche Moon," the Great Comanche War Trail, which came directly through the town where you stand today, brought huge numbers of Comanches on a . . . Map (db m201373) HM
47Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — Tunis Creek Stage Coach Stop
Replica of San Antonio and San Diego overland stage coach stop. This building was constructed of the stone from the original site which is ½ mile south-east of this location near Tunis Springs. The remains of a large Comanche Indian camp still . . . Map (db m73308) HM
48Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 1 — Visitor Center
The Fort Stockton Visitor Center is located in the original Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railroad Depot constructed in 1911. The city secured the depot in 1991 and rehabbed the building to become the community’s official “Tourism Center.” The . . . Map (db m195507) HM
49Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 12 — Young's Store
F.W. (Billy) Young opened "Young's Store" in 1876, as depicted on the transom. The building housed an officer's club and had living quarters for laundresses from the fort. The retired Sergeant Frederick William Young purchased the building and the . . . Map (db m201509) HM
50Texas (Pecos County), Fort Stockton — 7 — Zero Stone Park
Zero Stone Park, located south of the Pecos County Courthouse, is the home of the "Zero Stone", which is the center of the plaza of St. Gall. All lots in St. Gall are referenced to this position. The date on the stone is 1847; however the stone was . . . Map (db m201471) HM
51Texas (Pecos County), Girvin — 2564 — Horse Head Crossing on the Pecos River
Here crossed the undated Comanche Trail from Llano Estacado to Mexico. In 1850 John R. Bartlett while surveying the Mexican boundary found the crossing marked by skulls of horses; hence the name “Horse Head”. The Southern Overland Mail . . . Map (db m53225) HM
52Texas (Pecos County), Iraan — 14031 — Giddings' Pecos Station
In the mid-19th century, stagecoach lines were a primary means of moving people, mail and supplies through the region. The U.S. government contracted with Henry Skillman for the San Antonio-El Paso Stage line in 1851. In this area, the route ran . . . Map (db m150327) HM
53Texas (Pecos County), Iraan — 2650 — Iraan
In 1922 three local businessmen, O. W. Parker, George Thompson, and I. G. Yates, leased the drilling rights on twenty sections of ranch land to Transcontinental Oil Company. After two dry holes were drilled the I. G. Yates Well No. 1 blew in on . . . Map (db m150326) HM
54Texas (Pecos County), Iraan — Lest We Forget
. . . Map (db m201203) WM
55Texas (Pecos County), Iraan — 3202 — Marathon Oil Company Discovery Well — 3.8 Miles South
Opening one of greatest oil fields in the world, Mid-Kansas Oil and Gas Company (a subsidiary wholly owned by the Ohio Oil Company, whose name has now been changed to Marathon Oil Company) brought in the I. G. Yates "A" No. 1 well on October 29, . . . Map (db m150325) HM
56Texas (Pecos County), Sheffield — 4665 — Sheffield
Spanish explorers traveled Indian trails here in the Pecos River Valley as early as 1590. Later, U.S. Cavalry, a camel train, and stage and mail lines between San Antonio and San Diego, California, used the route. Nearby Pecos Spring attracted . . . Map (db m138875) HM
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Dec. 6, 2022