This congregation was organized and a sanctuary built at this site in 1892 principally through the efforts of brothers Jeff and Hillard Parish. According to local tradition, the sanctuary (one of the first buildings in Bettie) probably replaced the . . . — — Map (db m139314) HM
Founded 1902; Named for W. M. Rhone, only sawmill operator in area until 1901, when arrival of Marshall & East Texas Railroad created a town which grew to have 15 sawmills, 10 stores, 2 churches, a school, hotel, bank, gin, and cotton yard. Mill . . . — — Map (db m176518) HM
Camp of instruction, set up near old Coffeeville soon after Governor's June 8, 1861, proclamation requesting voluntary popular support for troop training. Merchants were to give goods; farmers, food; laborers, their work; camp officers, leadership; . . . — — Map (db m119455) HM
Ferry point near this site, on Big Cypress. Important town of 1850's, with an academy, 2 dry goods stores, 2 groceries, drug store, 3 doctors, Methodist and Presbyterian churches, a hotel and Masonic Lodge.
During Civil War, lived up to its . . . — — Map (db m119445) HM
Oldest continuous business in this county. Founded as weekly, "Upshur County Democrat," Jan. 1, 1877. Early owners included W. C. Paul, the Rev. S. R. Chadick, and J. P. Hart, who named it "Texas Mirror" in 1882; "Gilmer Mirror," 1895. Owned since . . . — — Map (db m139419) HM
Designed by architect James A. Wetmore, this building was constructed by A. C. Stamford of Alabama, who employed workers from Alabama and from Upshur County. Construction began in June 1925 and was completed early the following year. This structure . . . — — Map (db m139418) HM
Hats for the Confederate Army were made here by Robert Potts Bros. Hatters during Civil War. In a year's time 300 pounds of wool was used for 600 hats valued at $7,000. Overcoats, blankets, shoes and caps were also made in Texas factories for . . . — — Map (db m161030) HM
On this site during the Civil War, a shoe factory converted leather into footgear for the Confederate Army. A harness factory nearby made bridles and saddles and also leather lines and breechings that hitched horses and mules to gun carriages, . . . — — Map (db m139410) HM
Near this site the Cherokee Indians blazed an early Texas trail. They wanted a road from their settlements near Nacogdoches to their home reservation on the White River in Arkansas.
About 1821 they selected a man known for his uncanny sense of . . . — — Map (db m139413) HM
J. F. Croley purchased the Croley Hardware Company in 1890 and began an undertaking business as part of the hardware store services. In 1920 a partnership was formed to run the business, and in 1933 the Croley Burial Association was formed. Croley . . . — — Map (db m139408) HM
First congregation was organized in a log cabin in 1846 as the Gilmer Missionary Baptist Church of Christ. In 1854 the congregation consisted of 22 members and the Rev. J. M. Griffin served as pastor.
Church membership grew to 100 in 1869 and in . . . — — Map (db m139406) HM
First United Methodist Church of Gilmer Gilmer's early settlers came in the mid-18th century. By 1849, records indicate Baptist and Methodist congregations shared space at the county's log courthouse for their services. At that time, the Rev. J.B. . . . — — Map (db m139409) HM
In 1865 the Rev. John Baptist led the founding of this congregation. The members built a brush arbor here and chose the name "Gilgal" after the site of the Israelites first encampment in the promised land.
Tom Littlepage gave two acres for the . . . — — Map (db m139421) HM
Founded 1846. Named for Thomas W. Gilmer, U. S. Secretary of the Navy and ardent champion of annexation for Texas.
Supply, training, production and educational center during the Civil War.
Farming, lumbering and oil hub. Home of famous . . . — — Map (db m139422) HM
One of three pioneer roads that crossed Upshur County and aided in development of Texas. Was heavily used by freighters and settlers heading west ward and by those exporting cotton, hides and produce to the inland Port at Jefferson. Was crossed at . . . — — Map (db m161013) HM
Meshack a faithful slave, came to Gilmer with his master, O. E. Roberts before 1850. While Mr. Roberts was away in the Civil War, Meshack ran the farm and looked after the family. To get money to finance farm costs, Meshack shod horses for . . . — — Map (db m176525) HM
The Oak Hill Baptist Church, the first Baptist congregation in this area, was organized about 1870. Early services were held in a one-room log school house near this site. On Nov. 12, 1884, Mrs. Carrie V. Johnson donated two and one-third acres to . . . — — Map (db m161023) HM
In 1933, the Ragland family opened the first full-time hospital in Upshur County. Thomas Scott Ragland, M.D. (1872 1936) came to Texas in 1895; he settled in Gilmer in 1902 with his wife, Mamie Helen (Denson). In addition to serving as the . . . — — Map (db m139398) HM
On this Cherokee Trace site he had visited 25 years earlier, when he lived with the Indians, Sam Houston twice spoke as the leading Texas statesman-- on June 10, 1857, as U. S. Senator, and early in 1861 as governor.
At both times he spoke . . . — — Map (db m139412) HM
Only home in Texas for Negro Orphans for thirty years, 1900- 1929. Founded by W.L. Dickson, Negro Baptist Minister, only superintendent home ever had. Orphans remained here until they reached 21, unless adopted or indentured by good families. A . . . — — Map (db m161047) HM
During the years of 1860-70 in Gilmer, Morgan H. Looney had a school widely known for high academic standards, attracting many East Texas boarding pupils. Site was 4 blocks to the north.
Boys and girls had separate entrances, separate study . . . — — Map (db m161038) HM
This bell was rung every day for many years in the early 1900's by W.A. Roberts to signal six o'clock P.M. Closing time for all businesses; to call the firemen and citizens together when needed, and for all momentous occasions, including end of . . . — — Map (db m161041) HM
Upshur County, C. S. A.
Civil War supply and activity center. Men and boys served in the Confederate army on many battlefronts and in state troops protecting Texas from invasion. 3 military training camps were set up. Vital needs for . . . — — Map (db m139416) HM
Inspired by the Prairie School of architecture and the Arts and Crafts movement of the early 20th century, this house was constructed in 1912 for Gilmer civic leaders Daisie Lee (Boren) and James R. Warren. In 1921, the Warrens sold the house to T. . . . — — Map (db m139420) HM
Part of a Republic of Texas land grant formerly occupied by Caddo and Cherokee Indians, this cemetery was established in the mid-1850s by plantation owner Alpha Phillips. The first grave, that of his father, William, is marked with a stone cairn. . . . — — Map (db m139427) HM
Once located at a strategic crossing of Big Cypress Creek, this pioneer ferry transported settlers moving west into Texas through populous Jefferson, on Big Cypress Bayou. Those going to the interior of Texas often came by horse or oxen, stopping . . . — — Map (db m119289) HM
The earliest recorded school in this area was held at the home of pioneer settler John O'Byrne. In 1888, a public school opened with J.H. Sheppard as the teacher. The first half of the 20th century saw much growth for Union Grove schools, with the . . . — — Map (db m161054) HM