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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Cameron County, Texas

 
Clickable Map of Cameron County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Cameron County, TX (120) Hidalgo County, TX (67) Willacy County, TX (6)  CameronCounty(120) Cameron County (120)  HidalgoCounty(67) Hidalgo County (67)  WillacyCounty(6) Willacy County (6)
Brownsville is the county seat for Cameron County
Adjacent to Cameron County, Texas
      Hidalgo County (67)  
      Willacy County (6)  
 
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1Texas, Cameron County, Bluetown — 11681 — Longoria Cemetery
On Military Highway (State Highway 281), on the right when traveling west.
The Longoria family were among the initial Spanish settlers to arrive in this region in the mid-1700s. Juan Rosas Longoria and Maria Salome Cano were among the men and women who founded permanent communities such as the Villa de Reynosa, . . . Map (db m164593) HM
2Texas, Cameron County, Boca Chica — 327 — Battle of Palmito Ranch
Near Boca Chica Boulevard (State Highway 4) 0.1 miles east of Palmito Hill Road, on the right when traveling east.
The last land engagement of the Civil War was fought near this site on May 12-13, 1865, thirty-four days after Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox.

Col. Theodore H. Barrett commanded Federal troops on Brazos Island 12 miles to the east. . . . Map (db m35271) HM
3Texas, Cameron County, Boca Chica — 4739 — Site of Camp Belknap
On Boca Chica Boulevard (State Highway 4) 0.1 miles west of Quicksilver Avenue.
In May 1846 when war was declared against Mexico, the U.S. Congress authorized the raising of 50,000 volunteer troops to supplement the regular U.S. Army. General Zachary Taylor was quickly inundated with volunteer soldiers arriving at Brazos . . . Map (db m35287) HM
4Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 1882 Cameron County Courthouse- 1882 -
On East 12th Street east of East Jefferson Street, on the right when traveling west.
English: Built in 1882 by S.W. Brooks and designed by J.N. Preston & Son, this was the first courthouse built for Cameron County. It has continuously housed the Masonic Lodge since 1914. It was built in the Second Renaissance Revival . . . Map (db m117944) HM
5Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 13830 — 1912 Cameron County Courthouse
On East Monroe Street north of East 12th Street, on the left when traveling north.
This classically styled public building has been central for Cameron County government for nearly a century. Texas and Mexico both claimed this area after 1836. The Texas Legislature created Cameron County in 1848, even before the land was . . . Map (db m118643) HM
6Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 1912 Cameron County Jail- 1912 -
On East Van Buren Street south of East 12th Street, on the right when traveling north.
English: Built in 1912 by the Gross Construction Company and designed by Atlee B. Ayres in the Classic Revival style, it served as the main Cameron County jail for 66 years until the new jail was built in 1978. Two sections were added . . . Map (db m117895) HM
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7Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 31 — 1912 Cameron County Jail
On East Van Buren Street south of East 12th Street, on the right when traveling north.
Originally built as a three-story structure in 1912, this building, Cameron County's second jailhouse, was enlarged with the addition of a 4th floor about 1929. The 1912 structure was designed by prominent architect Atlee B. Ayers and the 1929 . . . Map (db m117886) HM
8Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Alonso Building-1877-
On East St Charles Street at East 6th Street, on the right when traveling south on East St Charles Street.
English: Built 1877-1890 for Manuel Alonso, the Alonso Building (Los Dos Cañones) has wrought iron railings and doors reminiscent of French Creole architecture. It was one of several buildings built by immigrants from Spain. The first . . . Map (db m118522) HM
9Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 11776 — Alonso Complex
On East St Charles Street at East 6th Street, on the right when traveling south on East St Charles Street.
Spanish-born Manuel Alonso (1846-1922) constructed the one-story residence on this site in 1877 and added the two-story mercantile building by 1890. His "Los Dos Cañones" mercantile was a popular gathering place for local residents. French and . . . Map (db m118520) HM
10Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Bollack Department Store-1911-
On East Elizabeth Street (Business U.S. 77) south of East 12th Street, on the left when traveling south.
(English) Built in 1911 by the architectural firm H.C. Cooke & Co., for Pauline Bollack, a German immigrant from Bavaria, this three story structure has an attractive ornate façade. At the time, it was one of the largest buildings in town . . . Map (db m128843) HM
11Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Border War / Guerra de fronteras
Near Paredes Line Road (County Road 1847) north of State Highway 550, on the right when traveling north.
[English] Who owned Texas, and where was the border? President James Polk thought he had settled these questions when he announced that the United States would annex Texas in 1845. Polk proclaimed the Rio Grande was the south boundary of . . . Map (db m182242) HM
12Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 2531 — Brownsville Home of Charles Stillman1810 - 1875
On East Washington Street (Business U.S. 77) at East 13th Street, on the right when traveling north on East Washington Street.
Founder of Brownsville and partner in firm of M. Kenedy and Company, which opened the Rio Grande to steamboat navigation and controlled much of the commerce of Northern Mexico, 1848-1868. This house, erected about 1850, was the birthplace of . . . Map (db m117849) HM
13Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 12366 — Brownsville-Matamoros Ferries and River Boardwalk
Near Sam Perl Boulevard at East St. Charles Street.
Ferry service along this stretch of the Rio Grande evolved as population in the area increased. In 1836, General Jose Urrea used rowboats at the Paso Real ferry near the later site of Fort Brown en route to Goliad. General Vicente Filisola used . . . Map (db m165671) HM
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14Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 641 — Cameron County
On East 11th Street north of East Madison Street, on the right when traveling north.
Created February 12, 1848 Since 1535 men of all nations of the earth sailed the blue waters of the Gulf of Mexico to the green valley of the Rio Grande in search of happiness, and each found it in his own time and in his own way. . . . Map (db m118636) HM
15Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Cameron County CourthouseBrownsville Heritage Trail
On East 12th Street at East Madison Street, on the right when traveling west on East 12th Street.
[English] Built in 1912 by the Gross Construction Company and designed by the eminent architect Atlee B. Ayres. Classical Revival in style, this building features exterior terra-cotta detailing. The interior is marked by Sullivanesque details . . . Map (db m195578) HM
16Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 640 — Cameron County Courthouse of 1883-1914
On East Jefferson Street at East 12th Street, on the right when traveling north on East Jefferson Street.
Completed in 1883, this was the first courthouse built by Cameron County officials, who previously rented or purchased office space. This three-story brick structure served as the county courthouse until 1914, when a new building was erected. Rio . . . Map (db m117935) HM
17Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 16755 — Campo Santo Viejo
On East Monroe Street south of East 11th Street, on the right when traveling north.
Planned as all of block 144 of the original townsite in 1848 and active by 1852, Campo Santo Viejo was the first official cemetery in Brownsville. The city abandoned the site in 1864, but burials continued into the 1870s. The property was . . . Map (db m117901) HM
18Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Cavalry Charge / Se lanzaba la caballería
Near Paredes Line Road (County Road 1847) north of State Highway 550, on the right when traveling north.
[English]
I was anxious to charge because the cannon fire was tearing at our ranks. I ordered General Anastacio Torrejón to attack from the left with the greater part of our cavalry, expecting to open the way for a second . . . Map (db m182248) HM
19Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Celaya BuildingCirca 1850
On East 12th Street at East Elizabeth Street (Business U.S. 77), on the right when traveling south on East 12th Street.
(English) Built circa 1850 for J.N. Reynolds, the original French Creole architectural elements have been removed. The building was purchased in 1890 by Simón Celaya, a native of Balmaceda, Spain. He used the building as headquarters for . . . Map (db m119397) HM
20Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Central Fire Station– 1928 –
On East Adams Street at East 10th Street, on the right when traveling south on East Adams Street.
[English] Built in 1928, designed by Ben Proctor, the Italian Renaissance Revival style building contains some elements of the Spanish Colonial Revival style such as the hipped roof and parapet. It was Brownsville's first freestanding fire . . . Map (db m195620) HM
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21Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Chosen Ground / Arena decidida
Near Paredes Line Road (County Highway 1847) north of State Highway 550, on the right when traveling north.
English
At 2 p.m. U.S. troops arrived at the waterhole of Palo Alto, as Mexican troops spread out on the prairie, cutting the road … Our goal … was to prevent the Americans from lifting the siege we had imposed on . . . Map (db m182602) HM
22Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — City Hall AnnexEl Tapiz
Near East Adams Street south of East 11th Street, on the right when traveling south.
Built before 1914, this commercial building served in turn as the Park Hotel and then as the Plaza Hotel. Later, the building housed several retail stores. In 1987, the City of Brownsville remodeled the building for office use and provided a new . . . Map (db m195618) HM
23Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 1128 — Cueto Building(La Nueva Libertad)
On East Madison Street at East 13th Street, on the right on East Madison Street.
A fine example of late Nineteenth Century South Texas commercial architecture, this building was constructed in 1893 to house the expanding grocery and mercantile, retail and wholesale business of Don Andres Cueto (1862-1927), a native of Spain. "La . . . Map (db m195579) HM
24Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Divided Loyalties: Hispanics in the Civil WarLower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge Palmito Battlefield
Near Palmito Hill Road, 0.1 miles south of Boca Chica Boulevard (State Highway 4), on the right when traveling south.
If you were an American of Hispanic descent during the Civil War, which side would you choose? Your answer might depend on status, wealth, livelihood, or location. Altogether, more than 20,000 Hispanic soldiers fought in the Civil War. Many were . . . Map (db m164601) HM
25Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — El Tapiz1906
Near East Adams Street south of East 11th Street, on the right when traveling south.
[English] Built 1906-1912 in the Market Square district, it is one of the few remaining buildings that composed the core of Market Square. This commercial building at one time housed the Park Hotel in its two upper floors, while the first . . . Map (db m195616) HM
26Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Exploring The BoundariesPalmito Ranch Battlefield National Historic Landmark — The Last Land Battle of the American Civil War—May 12 - 13, 1865 —
On Boca Chica Boulevard (State Highway 4) 0.2 miles Palmito Hill Road, on the right when traveling east.
You are currently standing north of the core battlefield area. To listen to the historical narrative of the battle and learn more about ongoing preservation efforts of the cultural and natural resources located in this National Historic Landmark, . . . Map (db m164595) HM
27Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Father Pierre Yves Keralum
Near East 12th Street west of East Jefferson Street, on the left when traveling west.
Father Pierre Yves Keralum was born in France in 1817, and worked as both a cabinetmaker and an architect before entering the seminary at the age of 28. In 1852 he was ordained an Oblate of Mary Immaculate (O.M.I.) and sent to deep south Texas . . . Map (db m119431) HM
28Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Federal Court Site
On East Elizabeth Street at East 12th Street (Business U.S. 77), on the left when traveling south on East Elizabeth Street.
Built 1850 by Wm. C. Douglas, who arrived with Gen. Zachary Taylor during Mexican War. In 1852 by order of U. S. Congress, first Federal Court in Brownsville was held in back room here by Judge John Watrous. Recorded Texas . . . Map (db m202024) HM
29Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Fernandez Hide Yard1880
On East Adams Street at East 11th Street, on the left when traveling south on East Adams Street.
(English) Established 1880-1894 by Miguel Fernandez, a wealthy Spanish merchant, this was a bone and hide yard built to cater to the Texas Gulf Coast cattle industry. Built in the Border Brick style, it is one of the few remaining . . . Map (db m119297) HM
30Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Field/Pacheco Complex1893
On East Monroe Street at East 11th Street, on the left when traveling south on East Monroe Street.
English: Built 1893-1894 for Henry M. Field, the commercial and residential complex covers half a block. The two-story gallery, spindle cornice and railings indicate that the building is a mix of Border Brick style and French Creole . . . Map (db m131197) HM
31Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Field-Pacheco Complex
On East 11th Street at East Monroe Street, on the left when traveling east on East 11th Street.
English: This complex, which includes several buildings, was built in the late 19th century by H.M. Field. Andres Pacheco purchased the site in 1919. The corner store – residence is an excellent example of the Spanish colonial . . . Map (db m131199) HM
32Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 17141 — Frank Rabb
On Sabal Palm Grove Road at Southmost Boulevard (Farm to Market Road 1419), on the right when traveling south on Sabal Palm Grove Road.
Frank Rabb (1866-1932) was born in Corpus Christi to Texas ranching pioneers John and Martha Rabb. After marrying Lillian Starck, granddaughter of ranching neighbor Mifflin Kenedy, Frank and Lillian settled at San Tomas on 20,000 acres. Except for . . . Map (db m165625) HM
33Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Historic Battlefield Trail — Brownsville Hike & Bike Network —
On Paredes Line Road (County Highway 1847) at State Highway 550, on the right when traveling north on Paredes Line Road.
The Brownsville Historic Battlefield Trail stretches for almost-10 linear miles from the Mitte Cultural District and Southern Linear Park at the southern end to the Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park to the north. The . . . Map (db m164690) HM
34Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 2530 — Home of Charles Stillman
On East Washington Street (Business U.S. 77) south of East 13th Street, on the right when traveling north.
Home of Charles Stillman, ship owner, merchant, rancher, who came to Brazos Santiago in 1828 and in 1849-50 founded City of Brownsville in old Espiritu Santo Land Grant. Built about 1850 for his bride, Elizabeth Goodrich, of Connecticut. . . . Map (db m201798) HM
35Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Immaculate Conception Cathedral
On East 12th Street west of East Jefferson Street, on the left when traveling west.
This cathedral, which was completed on July 6, 1856, was built with 250,000 hand-made clay bricks shaped and oven cured in the nearby village of Santa Rosalia. This church designed and constructed under the Oblate Fathers of Mary Immaculate who . . . Map (db m117958) HM
36Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Immaculate Conception Cathedral- 1854 -
On East 12th Street west of East Jefferson Street, on the left when traveling west.
(English)) Built in 1854-1859, the cathedral was designed by French architect Father Pierre Keralum of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate. The cathedral is Gothic Revival in the ecclesiastical form with a Latin cross plan. During . . . Map (db m117981) HM
37Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 2617 — Immaculate Conception Cathedral
Near East 12th Street west of East Jefferson Street, on the left when traveling west.
Mass was first celebrated in this area in 1849 by the oblates of Mary Immaculate. This church building was completed ten years later. Father Peter Yves Keralum designed the structure, which features Gothic Revival styling. The rectory was the . . . Map (db m117955) HM
38Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 18827 — Juan H. Fernandez Store
On East Adams Street at East 12th Street, on the right when traveling south on East Adams Street.
Juan H. Fernandez came to America at the age of 14 in 1875 as a ward of his uncle, Jose Fernandez-Toral, a mercantile owner originally from Pendueles, Asturias, Spain. Following in his family’s footsteps, Juan Fernandez opened a store in 1883, . . . Map (db m117913) HM
39Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Juan H. Fernandez y Hermano Building- 1883 -
On East 12th Street at East Adams Street, on the left when traveling west on East 12th Street.
English: Built in 1883-1884 for Juan H. Fernandez, who came from Spain in 1875 to work for his uncle and older brother, the site was a general merchandise store. The store, La Villa de Llanes, was founded by Fernandez and his younger . . . Map (db m117915) HM
40Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — La Catedral del la Inmaculada Concepcion
Near East 12th Street west of East Jefferson Street, on the left when traveling west.
En 1859, el Padre Keralum Termino la construccion del esta iglesia. El hizo sus estudios de arquitecturea en Paris, Y antes habia sido ebanista. Los Feligreses, bajo la direccion del Padre Verdet y lost otros padres, fabricaron los ladrillos . . . Map (db m117979) HM
41Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — La Madrileña- 1892 -
On East Madison Street at East 10th Street, on the left when traveling north on East Madison Street.
(English) Built in 1892 by Santiago McCoy and Modesto Estevan Adam for Adrian Barreda Ortiz, a native of Madrid, Spain, it is an example of an L-plan mercantile store. The architecture is a mix of Victorian and Border Brick style. The . . . Map (db m117998) HM
42Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — La Madrileña
On East Madison Street south of East 10th Street, on the left when traveling north.
(Spanish) En este edificio, construido en 1892 por Adrián Ortiz, se estableció La Tienda Ortiz. Esta construcción es uno de los ejemplos más significativos en la arquitectura histórica del valle. Esta joya arquitectónica, con sus . . . Map (db m118000) HM
43Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 3000 — La Madrileña
On East Madison Street at East 10th Street, on the left when traveling north on East Madison Street.
A native of Spain, Adrian Ortiz (1860-1957) emigrated to Brownsville before he was 18 and lived with relatives who trained him as a merchant. He built this structure in 1892 to house his mercantile operation, La Madrileña (native of Madrid), an . . . Map (db m117995) HM
44Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — La Nueva Libertad/Cueto Building– 1893 –
On East Madison Street at East 13th Street, on the right on East Madison Street.
[English] Built in 1893 for Andres Cueto, a native of Spain, it was originally a store, bakery and pawn shop. The Victorian Building has French Creole influences, including a parapeted brick cornice and a gallery on the second floor. The name . . . Map (db m195580) HM
45Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 16054 — Last Battle of the Civil War
Near Palmitto Hill Road, 0.1 miles south of Boca Chica Boulevard (State Highway 4), on the right when traveling south.
At this site the last battle of the Civil War, known as Palmito Hill, was fought by Confederate troops under Colonel John S. (Rip) Ford and Union Forces on May 13, 1865, 34 days after Lee's surrender at Appomattox.Map (db m118442) HM
46Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Majestic Theatre
On East Elizabeth Street (Business U.S. 77) south of East Tenth Street, on the right when traveling south.
(English) Built in 1948, designed by the firm of Pettigrew & Worley, it was part of the interstate movie theater chain founded by Karl St. John Hoblitzelle. Interstate was an influential vaudeville and later movie theater . . . Map (db m119301) HM
47Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 17316 — Manautou Building
On East 12th Street north of East Washington Street (Business U.S. 77), on the left when traveling south.
Enrique Manautou came to Texas from Mexico in 1902. With area commerce bolstered by the arrival of the railroad and Mexican Revolution refugees, he began a string of dry goods stores in the lower Rio Grande Valley in 1913. Manautou moved to . . . Map (db m118647) HM
48Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Miguel Fernandez Hide Yard
On East Adams Street at East 11th Street, on the left when traveling south on East Adams Street.
(English) Known as “El Almacen,” this combination store-warehouse was built in the 1880s. At the rear, a brick wall enclosed a bone and hide yard where ranchers traded cattle hides for food and supplies. Features of the . . . Map (db m119298) HM
49Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Neale HomeBrownsville Heritage Trail
On Neale Drive at Ringgold Road, on the right when traveling south on Neale Drive.
Likely the city's oldest wood-frame house, this home was occupied by Wm. Neale and his family in 1850, according to census records. Originally located on E. 14th St. the building was both a residence and stage coach office. Raiders led . . . Map (db m164603) HM
50Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 3559 — Neale House
On Neale Drive at Ringgold Road, on the right when traveling south on Neale Drive.
Englishman who was in navy of Mexico in early 1820's operated Matamoros to Boga del Rio stage line and lived here 1834 to 1896. Built of imported lumber of fine workmanship. During 1859, Cortina's War, Wm. Peter Neale, a son of the builder, . . . Map (db m164605) HM
51Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Neale House Circa 1850
On Neale Drive at Ringgold Road, on the right when traveling south on Neale Drive.
Built circa 1850 for William Neale, an Englishman who later became mayor, it is one of the oldest frame houses in Brownsville. The house was created by joining four small structures. The Neale family owned it until 1950 when it was . . . Map (db m164604) HM
52Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Old Cameron County Courthouse/Dancy Building- 1912 -
On East Madison Street at East 12th Street, on the right when traveling north on East Madison Street.
English: Built in 1912 and designed by Atlee B. Ayres in the Classical style, the brown brick and terracotta building features a rotunda with a stained glass dome. The interior has Sullivanesque ornamentation. It was named after Oscar . . . Map (db m118639) HM
53Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Old County Courthouse Rio Grande Lodge No. 81
On East Jefferson Street north of East 12th Street, on the right when traveling north.
Designed by architects J.N. Preston & Son and built in 1882-1883, this courthouse included juror sleeping rooms on the third floor. Since 1914 this building has been owned by the Masonic Rio Grande Lodge No. 81, which had been meeting since 1848 . . . Map (db m117938) HM
54Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Old County Jail / Fernandez Building-1882-
On East Madison Street at East 12th Street, on the right when traveling south on East Madison Street.
(English) Built in 1882-1883, designed by the firm J.N. Preston and Son, it is the first building specifically built as the county jail. It is an example of the Border Brick style. In 1912 it was sold to the brothers Jose & Joaquin . . . Map (db m119398) HM
55Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Old Jail
On East Madison Street north of East 12th Street, on the right when traveling south.
(English) Built in 1883, this Spanish Colonial style structure served as the Cameron County Jail until 1913, when Jose and Joaquin Fernandez purchased the property. They converted the building into a store, with living quarters to the . . . Map (db m119399) HM
56Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 3917 — Palmetto Piling
On Boca Chica Boulevard (State Highway 4), on the right when traveling west.
These palmetto piling are the remains of the Boca Chica Crossing of the railroad from Boca Chica Inlet to White's Ranch on the Rio Grande. Begun by General Francis H. Herron, U.S.A., in 1864 and completed in 1865 by General Philip H. Sheridan for . . . Map (db m164594) HM
57Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Palmito Ranch Battlefield: Last Clash of the Blue and the GrayLower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge
On Boca Chica Boulevard (State Highway 4) 0.2 miles east of Palmito Hill Road, on the right when traveling east.
Hundreds of Union and Confederate troops fought the last land battle of the Civil War here on May 12 and 13, 1865, more than a month after Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to U.S. General Ulysses S. Grant in Appomattox, . . . Map (db m164596) HM
58Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Palo Alto Battlefield
On Paredes Line Road (CR 1847).
Palo Alto Battlefield has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1955. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United . . . Map (db m95704) HM
59Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Palo Alto Battlefield- 1846 -
On Paredes Line Road at SH 550, on the right when traveling north on Paredes Line Road.
English: On May 8, 1846 United States and Mexican troops clashed on the Palo Alto prairie. This was the first major battle in a two-year long conflict (U.S.-Mexican War) that ended with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, under which . . . Map (db m98625) HM
60Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 4080 — Port of Brownsville
On Capt Donald L Foust Road at North Indiana Street, on the right when traveling east on Capt Donald L Foust Road.
The first serious attempt to study the possibility of construction of a deep water seaport in this part of South Texas was undertaken in 1854 when a survey was conducted by United States Army engineers. At that time, the only natural harbor in the . . . Map (db m201995) HM
61Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 4135 — Public Market and Town Hall
On East 12th Street at Market Square Street, on the right when traveling west on East 12th Street.
Authorized 1850. On land deeded forever for this purpose. Butchers, other vendors moved in during 1851. Building complete with top story and bell tower, 1852. Town hall and market used for Presbyterian church services. In high wind of . . . Map (db m119294) HM
62Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 17140 — Rabb Plantation
On Sabal Palm Grove Road, 1 mile south of Southmost Boulevard (Farm to Market Road 1419), on the right when traveling south.
Today, commonly referred to as the Rabb Plantation, this was originally known as Rancho San Tomas and then, San Tomas Plantation. It encompassed 20,353 acres stretching north from the banks of the Rio Grande to the Arroyo Colorado. In 1885, . . . Map (db m165628) HM
63Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Rabb Plantation House- 1891 -
On Sabal Palm Grove Road, 1 mile south of Southmost Boulevard (Farm to Market Road 1419), on the right when traveling south.
Built 1891-1892 for Frank and Lillian Rabb, the Queen Anne style house had a commanding view of the Rio Grande during the waning years of steamboat era. The Rabb Plantation, originally known as Rancho San Tomas, was 20,305 acres and . . . Map (db m165622) HM
64Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Rock/Gomez Housecirca 1900
On East Levee Street south of East 5th Street, on the left when traveling north.
English: Built circa 1900 for Refugia Rock, the widow of Herman S. Rock (a customs hide inspector), the one-story house has parapet gables and a molded cornice across the chimney and façade, indicating Mexican Colonial and Border . . . Map (db m131223) HM
65Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Rock-Gomez Residence
On East Levee Street south of East 5th Street, on the left when traveling north.
English: This excellent example of Spanish colonial style architecture was built in 1900 for Mrs. Herman S. Rock. Features include floor-length windows at the front façade, and parapets with a decorative brick cornice. Owned by the . . . Map (db m131198) HM
66Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Russell/Cocke House1870
On East St. Charles Street south of East 6th Street, on the right when traveling south.
English: Built circa 1870 for William H. Russel, the house was purchased by Joseph James Cocke in 1885. Its architecture features a mixture of late Greek Revival and Victorian styles that reflects the architecturally stylistic . . . Map (db m131200) HM
67Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 12624 — Sacred Heart Catholic Church
On East Elizabeth Street (Business U.S. 77) south of East 6th Street, on the right when traveling south.
Sacred Heart Church was established by the Oblates of Mary Immaculate for the English-speaking parishioners of Immaculate Conception Church. San Antonio architect Frederick B. Gaenslen designed this building for the new congregation in the Gothic . . . Map (db m119746) HM
68Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Sacred Heart Church
On East Elizabeth Street (Business U.S. 77) south of East 6th Street, on the right when traveling south.
(English) Built in 1912 for the first English-speaking parish in Brownsville, this gothic revival church was designed by Frederick B. Gaenslen. The entrance gallery features corinthian columns and the initials “OMI” in the . . . Map (db m119748) HM
69Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Sacred Heart Church-1912-
On East Elizabeth Street (Business U.S. 77) south of East 6th Street, on the right when traveling south.
(English) Built in 1912, designed by Frederick B. Gaenslen, the church was established by the Oblates of Mary Immaculate as the first English-speaking Catholic parish in Brownsville. Built in the Gothic Revival style, it was severely . . . Map (db m119751) HM
70Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — San Fernando Buildings
On East Adams Street south of East 11th Street, on the right when traveling south.
(English) Built beginning 1877 for Victoriano Fernandez, the Border Brick style structures were built in stages, possibly accounting for the varying heights. The last of the three buildings was completed in 1886. They were designed as a . . . Map (db m119300) HM
71Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — San Roman Building-1850-
On East Elizabeth Street (Business U.S. 77) south of East 12th Street, on the left when traveling south.
Built in 1850 for José San Román, the building is an example of Border Brick architecture. Significant alterations have been made such as the varying height of the street facade. The San Román family occupied it for three generations. . . . Map (db m119401) HM
72Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 4553 — San Román Building
On East Elizabeth Street (Business U.S. 77) south of East 12th Street, on the left when traveling south.
Erected 1850 for Don Jose San Román, native of Biscay, Spain - importer, steamboat owner, merchant, investor in city lots. He and successor, Feliciano San Román, backed the Rio Grande Railroad. Fulgencio Lopez was last of San Romans in charge . . . Map (db m119400) HM
73Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Southern Pacific Depot– 1928 –
On East Madison Street at East 6th Street, on the left when traveling south on East Madison Street.
[English] Built in 1928, the depot was designed by R.W. Barnes, Southern Pacific Railroad's Chief Engineer. Southern Pacific began freight service on its line running from Brownsville to Edinburg on October 20, 1927. Passenger service was . . . Map (db m195621) HM
74Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 4985 — Southern Pacific Railroad Passenger DepotHistoric Brownsville Museum
On East Madison Street east of E. 6th Street, on the right when traveling west.
Panel 1: Southern Pacific Railroad Passenger Depot Official Historical Medallion, Texas Historical Commission This depot was built by the Southern Pacific Railroad in 1928 as part of its extension into the Rio Grande Valley. A . . . Map (db m37624) HM
75Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Stillman House- 1851 -
On East Washington Street (Business U.S. 77) south of East 13th Street, on the right when traveling north.
English: Built in 1851 for Henry Miller, the cottage was first occupied by Brownsville’s founder, Charles Stillman, and later owned by Manuel Treviño de los Santos Coy. In 1958, Chauncey D. Stillman, great-grandson of Charles, purchased . . . Map (db m117863) HM
76Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Stillman House / Residencia Stillman
On East Washington Street (Business U.S. 77) south of East 13th Street, on the right when traveling north.
English: Built in 1850 in Greek Revival style by Henry Miller, who operated the nearby Miller Hotel, for Brownville founder, Charles Stillman, and his new bride, Elizabeth. They occupied the house until 1853 and their first two children . . . Map (db m117854) HM
77Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Stillman House Museum
On East Washington Street (Business U.S. 77) south of East 13th Street, on the right when traveling north.
English: Built in 1850, this Greek Revival home was occupied in succession by Charles Stillman and his family; Thomas Carson, longtime Brownsville Mayor; and the Manuel Trevino de los Santos Coy family. At one time, it housed the Mexican . . . Map (db m117862) HM
78Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — The Battle of Palmito RanchLower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge Palmito Battlefield
Near Palmito Hill Road, 0.1 miles south of Boca Chica Boulevard (State Highway 4), on the right when traveling south.
You are currently standing north of the core battlefield area. Before you lies the site of last land battle of the American Civil War—May 12-13, 1865. Tune to Channel 1610 AM to listen to a historical narrative of the battle and to learn more . . . Map (db m164599) HM
79Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 5289 — The Battle of Palo Alto
On Farm to Market Road 511 at Arroyo Blvd/Paredes Line Rd (County Route 1847), on the right when traveling west on Road 511.
The Battle of Palo Alto was fought here May 8, 1846 and was won by the Army of the United States Map (db m36215) HM WM
80Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — 5304 — The Chisholm Trail
Near Sam Perl Boulevard at East St. Charles Street.
Iberian range cattle, progenitors of the Texas Longhorn, were brought into Texas by Spain in the 1600s and 1700s. The cattle thrived on the area's rich grasslands and roamed throughout Texas. At the time of the Texas Revolution (1835-36) vast . . . Map (db m165673) HM
81Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — The High Price of CottonLower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge Palmito Battlefield
Near Palmito Hill Road, 0.1 miles south of Boca Chica Boulevard (State Highway 4), on the right when traveling south.
Back in 1865, the weary soldiers fighting over this rough terrain probably gave little thought to the price of cotton. But their commanders did. Throughout the war, wagonloads of the South's "white gold” streamed into the Rio Grande Valley . . . Map (db m164600) HM
82Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — The Oblates of Mary Immaculate
On East Jefferson Street south of East 12th Street, on the right when traveling south.
This Catholic order was founded in 1816 in France by Bishop Eugene De Mazonod. They came to Brownsville at the request of local citizens and held their first mass on December 8, 1849 on the Feast of the Immaculate Conception hence the name of the . . . Map (db m119741) HM
83Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — The Oldest House in Brownsville
On Neale Drive west of Ringgold Road, on the right when traveling south.
The oldest house in Brownsville built by Wm. Neale in 1834 and occupied by the Neale Family until 1959 at which time it was given to the Brownsville Art League for a gallery and studio by Mrs. Hector del Valle, a direct descendantMap (db m164606) HM
84Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Three Hundred Supply Wagons / Trescientas carretas de viveres
Near Paredes Line Road (County Road 1847) north of State Highway 550, on the right when traveling north.
[English] Imagine the open prairie before you filled as far as the eye can see with 300 army supply wagons. Under the canvas tops were tons of food, weapons, and ammunition — enough to keep 2,800 soldiers going for about four months. . . . Map (db m182255) HM
85Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — U.S. Federal Building-1931-
On East Elizabeth Street (Business U.S. 77) at East 10th Street, on the left when traveling south on East Elizabeth Street.
(English) Rebuilt in 1931 for approximately $500,000, the building is a Second Renaissance Revival style public building. It replaced Brownsville’s first Federal Building (1892), which was located at the same site. It has served as a . . . Map (db m118917) HM
86Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — U.S. Federal Building
On East Elizabeth Street (Business U.S. 77) at East 10th Street, on the left when traveling south on East Elizabeth Street.
(English) Built in 1933, this four-story building is of the Second Renaissance Revival style. Features include decorative arches at the main entrance, stone quoins at the corners, tile roof, and decorative cornice. The building houses . . . Map (db m118919) HM
87Texas, Cameron County, Brownsville — Whitman's Store-1928-
On East 11th Street at Market Square Street, on the left when traveling north on East 11th Street.
Built in 1928, the commercial building was designed by Baltazar Torres, a local builder and architect. From 1945 until the mid-1980’s it operated as Whitman’s Army Store and pawnshop. The three metallic spheres suspended from the . . . Map (db m119299) HM
88Texas, Cameron County, Harlingen — Historic HarlingenHarlingen Historico
On West Harrison Avenue (State Highway 206) at South West Street, on the right when traveling west on West Harrison Avenue.
(side one – English) In 1902 developer Lon C. Hill purchased 17 square miles of school lands from Cameron County. He paid $13,837.50. The semi-arid land was part of the Concepcion de Carricitos Spanish Land Grant to the brothers . . . Map (db m119474) HM
89Texas, Cameron County, Harlingen — Iraqi D-20 152mm Howitzer
On Camelia south of Iwo Jima Boulevard, on the left when traveling south.
Captured by elements of the 6th Marines, 2nd Marine Division during Operation Desert Strom 1991. Presented to MMA by LtGen William M. Keys, USMC CG, FMF LANT Board of Advisiors, MMAMap (db m95647) HM
90Texas, Cameron County, La Feria — 11778 — First Baptist Church of La Feria
On West Magnolia Street at South Main Street (Farm to Market Road 506), on the right when traveling west on West Magnolia Street.
Organized in 1912 with eleven charter members under the leadership of the Rev. Mr. Roberts of Ohio, the First Baptist Church of La Feria originally shared facilities and services with other local religious groups. The Women's Missionary Society . . . Map (db m166226) HM
91Texas, Cameron County, La Feria — 4782 — Site of First Bank in La Feria
On North Main Street at Oleander Avenue, on the left when traveling south on North Main Street.
The Cameron County Bank of La Feria, this community's first bank, occupied this structure soon after it was founded in 1912. The building was erected by W.A. Strickland, a well-known contractor here. Organized as a private institution, the bank . . . Map (db m166259) HM
92Texas, Cameron County, La Feria — 2993 — Town of La Feria
On Business U.S. 83, 0.1 miles east of North Main Street (Farm to Market Road 506), on the right when traveling east.
Site is on land surveyed 1777 for Spain's grants to Don Juan Hinojosa and José Marí Ballí, ancestors of priest for whom Padre Island was named. Rancho raised cattle, sheep, goats. By 1790's it had a fairground (Hence name, La Feria) for Fiestas, . . . Map (db m166262) HM
93Texas, Cameron County, Las Rusias — 3041 — Las Rucias
On Military Highway (U.S. 281) 0.1 miles west of Don Felipe Trevino, on the left when traveling west.
Here Colonel John S. Ford of the Confederate Army defeated the Union Forces June 25, 1864 Erected by the State of Texas 1936Map (db m165678) HM
94Texas, Cameron County, Port Isabel — A View from the Top
Near East Queen Isabella Boulevard, on the right when traveling west.
Landmark on the Point The sturdy lighthouse tower at Point Isabel has survived war damage, coastal storms and years of abandonment. Built in 1853 on the grounds of a military depot left after the war with Mexico, the lighthouse was also a . . . Map (db m182254) HM
95Texas, Cameron County, Port Isabel — 14006 — Charles Champion
On South Tarnava Street at Railroad Street, on the left when traveling north on South Tarnava Street.
The son of Joseph Champion, an Italian immigrant who settled in Texas in 1855, Charles Champion was born on February 2, 1870, in Old Point Isabel. He served as district clerk in Hidalgo County before purchasing the Hess General Store in Old Point . . . Map (db m165642) HM
96Texas, Cameron County, Port Isabel — 3780 — Old Point Isabel Lighthouse
On East Queen Isabella Blvd (State Highway 100) at North Garcia Street, on the left when traveling east on East Queen Isabella Blvd.
The beacon for the commerce of the Rio Grande Erected by the United States Government in 1852 Extinguished during the Civil War Discontinued, 1888 - 1895 Permanently discontinued, 1905 Erected by the State of Texas . . . Map (db m156329) HM
97Texas, Cameron County, Port Isabel — Point Isabel LighthouseBuilt 1852 • Retired 1905
On East Maxan Street at North Garcia Street, on the right when traveling east on East Maxan Street.
Built of brick brought from New Orleans by schooner, the beacon’s 16 mile range guided ships into the harbor and to the Rio Grande, bringing commerce to SW Texas. Darkened during the Civil War, it was used as a lookout by both Union and . . . Map (db m156332) HM
98Texas, Cameron County, Port Isabel — 4076 — Port Isabel Cemetery
Near East Houston Street at Harbor Light Street.
Encompassing almost one acre of land, the Port Isabel Cemetery is located on property granted to Don Rafael Garcia by the government of Mexico in 1829. The land was known as the Santa Ysabel Grant, and Garcia soon established a ranch he named El . . . Map (db m165644) HM
99Texas, Cameron County, Port Isabel — 4063 — Port Isabel, C.S.A.
On South Tarnava Street at Railroad Street, on the left when traveling north on South Tarnava Street.
After Texas seceded and joined the Confederacy, the Federal Navy in late 1861 blockaded this port with the U.S. "Santiago de Cuba". Commerce stoppage caused removal of customs offices to Brownsville and some civilians to neutral Bagdad, Mexico. . . . Map (db m165643) HM
100Texas, Cameron County, Port Isabel — 4082 — Port of Matamoros
Near Maxan Road.
The Port of Matamoros was established in 1824. Commercial cargo, shipped mainly from New Orleans and other U.S. ports, was unloaded at the Port and transported overland to Matamoros, Reynosa, Camargo, Monterrey, and Mier. Mexico maintained a . . . Map (db m16542) HM

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Feb. 5, 2023