Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Harris County, Texas

 
Clickable Map of Harris County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Harris County, TX (431) Brazoria County, TX (176) Chambers County, TX (35) Fort Bend County, TX (91) Galveston County, TX (337) Liberty County, TX (89) Montgomery County, TX (64) Waller County, TX (49)  HarrisCounty(431) Harris County (431)  BrazoriaCounty(176) Brazoria County (176)  ChambersCounty(35) Chambers County (35)  FortBendCounty(91) Fort Bend County (91)  GalvestonCounty(337) Galveston County (337)  LibertyCounty(89) Liberty County (89)  MontgomeryCounty(64) Montgomery County (64)  WallerCounty(49) Waller County (49)
Houston is the county seat for Harris County
Adjacent to Harris County, Texas
      Brazoria County (176)  
      Chambers County (35)  
      Fort Bend County (91)  
      Galveston County (337)  
      Liberty County (89)  
      Montgomery County (64)  
      Waller County (49)  
 
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Texas, Harris County, Barrett — 10605 — Harrison Barrett(ca. 1845-1917)
On Beaumont Highway (U.S. 90 Frontage Road), on the left when traveling west.
Born into slavery, Harrison Barrett was the son of Simon and Eliza Barrett, who had come to Texas from Louisiana. In addition to Harrison, the couple had two other sons and two daughters. Following the emancipation of Texas slaves in 1865, . . . Map (db m168806) HM
2Texas, Harris County, Baytown — 10780 — Ashbel Smith M.D.(1805-1886)
On Evergreen Road at Bay Hill Drive, on the left when traveling east on Evergreen Road.
Born in Hartford, Connecticut, this prominent physician, statesman, soldier, and educator received his degree from Yale Medical College in 1828. After a period of study in France, Smith returned to the United States to practice medicine in the . . . Map (db m156619) HM
3Texas, Harris County, Baytown — 10609 — Bayland Orphanage(Site 1/2 mi. SE)
Near Wyoming Street, on the right when traveling north. Reported permanently removed.
Established in 1866 by Texas Confederate veterans for children of deceased soldiers. Had capacity for 250. Rev. Henry F. Gillette was first superintendent. C.S.A. Col. Ashbel Smith, diplomat, soldier and statesman, was staff doctor. Trustees . . . Map (db m53616) HM
4Texas, Harris County, Baytown — 10609 — Bayland Orphans Home
On Wyoming Street south of State Highway 146B, on the left when traveling south.
The Civil War shattered many families, leaving orphans, destitute widows, and children whose stepfathers were unable or unwilling to support them. Motivated by such conditions, Henry Gillette led a group who met in 1866 to form an orphanage for . . . Map (db m169001) HM
5Texas, Harris County, Baytown — 10626 — Cedar Bayou Masonic LodgeNo. 321, A. F. & A. M.
On Ferry Road, on the left when traveling south.
Chartered June 18, 1870, with 13 members. Opened its own hall July 7, 1876, donating quarters (1876-1911) to the first public school in east Harris County. On June 24, 1879, initiated an event that still continues-- the annual barbecue . . . Map (db m158934) HM
6Texas, Harris County, Baytown — 10628 — Cedar Bayou United Methodist Church
Near Ferry Road.
This congregation was organized in 1844 at the home of early settler Hance Baker, under the direction of the Rev. Robert Alexander, a noted Methodist missionary during Texas' frontier period. with twenty-seven members by its second meeting, the . . . Map (db m158955) HM
Paid Advertisement
7Texas, Harris County, Baytown — 13964 — Confederate Naval Works at Goose Creek
Near Wyoming Street, on the right when traveling north.
In 1854, brothers Thomas and John Chubb bought land in the William Scott League on the east bank of Goose Creek at the mouth of Tabbs Bay. On this site, they established the Chubb Shipyard prior to the Civil War. At the time, Texas shipbuilding was . . . Map (db m53618) HM
8Texas, Harris County, Baytown — Dr. Ashbel Smith
Near North Main Street, 0.3 miles north of West Cedar Bayou Lynchburg Road, on the left when traveling north.
Ashbel Smith was born in Hartford, Connecticut in 1805. Recieved his M.D. degree from Yale in 1828, and came to Texas from South Carolina in 1837. He established a plantation called Headquarters on Goose Creek in 1840 and in 1847 purchased property . . . Map (db m61316) HM
9Texas, Harris County, Baytown — 16480 — George Washington Carver High School
On Lee Drive at Carver Street, on the right when traveling south on Lee Drive.
The first public school for African American children of this area was Goose Creek School for Coloreds. Founded in 1921 as a grade school, it served the children of the Baytown area, as well as those in La Porte, Cedar Bayou, and McNair. Classes . . . Map (db m168793) HM
10Texas, Harris County, Baytown — Goose Creek Stream
Near Price Street at West Texas Avenue, on the left when traveling north.
The name Goose Creek was originated by Indians because in ages past it was a gathering place for huge flocks of geese. On map used by the LaSalle expedition (1684-1687) carries the label Goose Creek on this small stream. During the Civil War (1863) . . . Map (db m53685) HM
11Texas, Harris County, Baytown — 10627 — Hall of Cedar Bayou Masonic LodgeNo 321, A.F. & A.M.
On Ferry Road, on the left when traveling south.
Built 1875-1876, largely by labor of members. Lumber, cut to order in Florida, arrived here by schooner in nick of time to escape havoc of 1875 hurricane. The 1883 Worshipful Master, J. H. Kipp, made and gave (1889) the carved and inlaid . . . Map (db m158936) HM
12Texas, Harris County, Baytown — 10774 — Homesite of William Scott(Point Pleasant)
On Bayway Drive, 0.7 miles south of Park Street, on the right when traveling north.
A native of Virginia, William Scott (1784-1837) was a planter, merchant, and stockraiser in his native state and in Kentucky, where he relocated about 1806. He and his family moved briefly to Louisiana in the early 1820s before coming to Texas with . . . Map (db m65243) HM
13Texas, Harris County, Baytown — 10703 — Humble Oil & Refining Company
On San Jacinto Avenue south of Decker Drive (State Highway 330 Spur), on the right when traveling north.
Ross S. Sterling entered the oil business in 1909, when he invested in the Humble oil field north of Houston. Two years later he formed the Humble Oil Company with five partners: Walter W. Fondren, Charles B. Goddard, William Stamps Farlish, Robert . . . Map (db m64396) HM
Paid Advertisement
14Texas, Harris County, Baytown — 16854 — Lee College
On Lee Drive, on the right when traveling north.
In 1934, during the Great Depression and after several years of planning, the residents of the Goose Creek Independent School District voted to establish Lee Junior College, stressing the importance of higher education opportunities for area . . . Map (db m168711) HM
15Texas, Harris County, Baytown — 16880 — Robert E. Lee High School
On Market Street, on the right when traveling east.
After a population increase due to the discovery of oil in 1908, local residents realized the need for permanent school facilities and formed the Goose Creek Independent School District in 1919, encompassing the cities of Goose Creek, Pelly, and . . . Map (db m168792) HM
16Texas, Harris County, Baytown — 15755 — The Bayland Guards
Near Wyoming Street, on the right when traveling north.
On April 27, 1861, Dr. Ashbel Smith organized a group of volunteers from Bayland (now Baytown) and Cedar Bayou in Harris County, and Barbers Hill in Chambers County. The group, known as the Bayland Guards, drilled on Smith’s Evergreen Plantation and . . . Map (db m53617) HM
17Texas, Harris County, Baytown — 10806 — Wooster School
Near North Main Street, 0.3 miles north of West Cedar Bayou Lynchburg Road, on the left when traveling north.
Constructed in 1895-96 by Quincy Adams Wooster and Junius Brown, this building originally served as a schoolhouse and community gathering place for the Wooster community. It became a part of the Goose Creek School System in 1919. The structure was . . . Map (db m50136) HM
18Texas, Harris County, Baytown, Bay Oaks Harbor — 10613 — Bell Prairie
On Harbor View Boulevard at Tri City Beach Road, in the median on Harbor View Boulevard.
Once located southwest of this site was the home of Henry Falvel Gillette (1816-1896). A native of Connecticut, Gillette came to Texas in 1840 at the urging of his cousin, Ashbel Smith. He became a noted educator in Harris, Washington, and Polk . . . Map (db m53615) HM
19Texas, Harris County, Baytown, Goose Creek — 10611 — Baytown Post Office
On West Defee at Gaillard Street, on the right when traveling east on West Defee.
Built in 1936-37 as the Goose Creek Post Office, this structure served as the area's main postal facility for almost fifty years. Designed by architect Louis A. Simon, the Early International style building features an interior fresco mural . . . Map (db m201780) HM
20Texas, Harris County, Baytown, Goose Creek — 10710 — K'Nesseth Israel Synagogue
On West Sterling Avenue at North Commerce Street, on the right when traveling west on West Sterling Avenue.
In response to area population growth following the early 20th century Goose Creek oil field boom, twenty incorporating members formed the K'Nesseth Israel congregation in 1928 to serve the area's Jewish residents. They hired Houston architect . . . Map (db m53608) HM
Paid Advertisement
21Texas, Harris County, Baytown, Landmark Estates — 10778 — Near Home Site of John Peter Sjolander(1851-1939)
On Landmark Drive at Sjolander Drive, on the right when traveling east on Landmark Drive.
A young Swede who came to America in 1871 to earn a living had, before he died, become famous as "The Sage of Cedar Bayou," folk poet for a generation of Texans. Educated by his mother, Sjolander learned Swedish, German, and English by . . . Map (db m156620) HM
22Texas, Harris County, Bellaire, Southwest Houston — 10614 — Bellaire
On South Rice Avenue at Laurel Street, on the right when traveling south on South Rice Avenue.
William Wright Baldwin, president of the South End Land Company, founded Bellaire in 1908 on part of the 9,449-acre ranch once owned by William Marsh Rice, benefactor of Rice Institute (now Rice University). Baldwin surveyed the eastern 1,000 acres . . . Map (db m63838) HM
23Texas, Harris County, Bellaire, Southwest Houston — 10615 — Bellaire Presbyterian Church
On Bellaire Boulevard at 3rd Street, on the right when traveling east on Bellaire Boulevard.
Bellaire residents founded the non-denominational Bellaire Union Congregational Church and Sunday School in 1911. Services and classes were held in the local school building and the town's streetcar terminal known as the “Pavilion.” . . . Map (db m63828) HM
24Texas, Harris County, Bellaire, Southwest Houston — 10616 — Bellaire Streetcar Line
On Bellaire Boulevard at 3rd Street, on the left when traveling west on Bellaire Boulevard.
In 1909 the Westmoreland Railroad Company, directed by Bellaire developer William Wright Baldwin, began construction of a streetcar line between this site and Houston's Main Street (4 mi. E) to improve transportation between Bellaire and Houston. . . . Map (db m63827) HM
25Texas, Harris County, Bellaire, Southwest Houston — 10788 — Teas Nursery Company
On Bellaire Boulevard at Newcastle Drive, on the right when traveling west on Bellaire Boulevard.
Teas Nursery Company traces its history to 1843, when John C. Teas (1827-1907) began selling apples out of his back yard in Indiana. After moving the business to Missouri in 1868, Teas became a nationally prominent horticulturist. In 1908 his . . . Map (db m125890) HM
26Texas, Harris County, Crosby — 10706 — Humphrey Jackson(November 24, 1784 - January 18, 1833)
On Beaumont Highway (Business U.S. 90) 0.5 miles west of Crosby Lynchburg Road (Farm to Market Road 2100), on the left when traveling west.
Educated in law, Humphrey Jackson left his native Ireland in 1808, during a period of political conflict. He migrated to the United States and settled on a sugar plantation in Louisiana. While there he served in the 1815 Battle of New Orleans. . . . Map (db m168701) HM
27Texas, Harris County, Crosby, Crosby Townsite — 10707 — Humphrey and Sarah Merriman Jackson
On 4th Street, on the left when traveling west.
Humphrey Jackson (1784-1833), Sarah Merriman Jackson (1796-1823), and their family came to Texas as members of Stephen F. Austin's "Old 300" colony in 1823 and settled east of the San Jacinto River. Jackson's land grant opened up the San Jacinto . . . Map (db m168706) HM
28Texas, Harris County, Cypress — 17098 — Cypress
On Hempstead Road, 0.1 miles west of Spring Cypress Road, on the right when traveling west.
Attakapas and Akokisa Indians began to disappear from Harris County in the mid-1800s with the arrival of Anglo settlers. The first documented settlers in the Cypress area were the Burnett and Simmons families, beginning by 1831. Matthew Burnett . . . Map (db m197289) HM
29Texas, Harris County, Cypress — 12879 — St. John Lutheran Cemetery
On Lutheran Cemetery Road, 0.1 miles east of Cypress Church Road, on the left when traveling east.
Settlers from Posen and Pomerania, Germany came to this area in 1848. They formed St. John Lutheran Church in 1853. A smallpox epidemic in 1873 claimed the lives of 11 members. They and other area victims were interred on the property of church . . . Map (db m197291) HM
30Texas, Harris County, Cypress — 12852 — St. John Lutheran Church
On Spring Cypress Road at Hoffmeister Road on Spring Cypress Road.
Lutheran settlers from Germany moved to this area in 1848. They met in family homes for worship and in 1853 constructed their first church building, which also served as a school in the 1860s, following the Civil War, they constructed a second . . . Map (db m197293) HM
31Texas, Harris County, Cypress, Enchanted Valley — 10623 — Matthew Burnett HomesiteTexas Army Camp - April 16, 1836
On Pleasant Grove Road at Telge Road, on the right when traveling east on Pleasant Grove Road.
Matthew Burnett (1795-1842) and his wife, Sarah (Simmons) (1797-1852), came to Texas from Arkansas in 1831 and settled south of here on Cypress Creek. Their home was near the "Harrisburg Road" which stretched 15 miles northwest to a crossroads at . . . Map (db m50163) HM
32Texas, Harris County, Deer Park — 11958 — Pratt Truss Bridge
Near Georgia Avenue north of West X Street, on the left when traveling north.
A pin connected truss bridge characteristic of the popular style that once dotted rural Texas, this bridge is the last one in Texas built by the Clinton Bridge and Iron Company of Iowa. Originally opened in 1891 on the Leon River in Coryell County . . . Map (db m143302) HM
33Texas, Harris County, Deer Park, Deer Park Gardens — 10647 — Deer Park
On Center Street, on the right when traveling south.
Illinois native Simeon Henry West (1827-1920) settled in this vicinity in 1892 hoping to develop the area, with its mild climate and proximity to waterways, into a farming and trading center. By the year's end, he had purchased property and platted . . . Map (db m168691) HM
34Texas, Harris County, Deer Park, Deer Park Gardens — 10752 — Site of the Home of Dr. George Moffit Patrick
Near Center Street at West Helgera, on the left when traveling north.
Site of the home in 1836 of Dr. George Moffit Patrick 1801-1889 Pioneer surveyor • Here the Texas Army encamped after the Battle of San Jacinto and cabinet meet- ings were heldMap (db m53323) HM
35Texas, Harris County, Hedwig Village, Westside — Jacob Schroeder and Early Spring Branch Community
On Gaylord Drive at Piney Point Road, on the right when traveling east on Gaylord Drive.
The earliest Europeans to settle in the Spring Branch area were Jacob Schroeder and his wife Dorothea. They arrived in Houston from Germany in about 1838, bringing two children. In 1839, Jacob applied for a Republic of Texas land grant of 640 . . . Map (db m169592) HM
36Texas, Harris County, Hedwig Village, Westside — The Pioneer Spring Branch Community
On Gaylord Drive at Piney Point Road, on the right when traveling east on Gaylord Drive.
The German settlement of Texas began with Johann Friedrich Ernst, a native of Lower Saxony who arrived in 1831 and settled in Industry, Texas. Ernst encouraged many settlers to follow in his footsteps, including Jacob Schroeder, who settled in . . . Map (db m169602) HM
37Texas, Harris County, Hedwig Village, Westside — The Schroeder Family and Hedwig Village
On Gaylord Drive at Piney Point Road, on the right when traveling east on Gaylord Drive.
Jacob and Dorothea Schroeder built their log cabin a few hundred feet from this site, in about 1839. They brought two sons with them from Germany, Frederick (Fritz) and Heinrich. Theirs was a subsistence farm, and all the labor was provided by the . . . Map (db m169601) HM
38Texas, Harris County, Highlands — 10804 — White Cemetery
On Crosby Lynchburg Road, on the right when traveling south.
Reuben White (1795-1848), one of Stephen F. Austin's original "Old 300" colonists, acquired a Mexican land grant here in 1824. White was part of a large extended family which settled this area, later known as White Settlement. Although White's is . . . Map (db m168797) HM
39Texas, Harris County, Highlands, Highland Townsite — 16571 — Sampson Masonic Lodge No. 231 A. F. & A. M.
On Avenue D at South Magnolia Street, on the right when traveling west on Avenue D.
Henry Sampson (1823-1885) moved to Houston in 1842 from South Carolina and affiliated with the Holland Masonic Lodge in Houston. Along with other leadership roles, Sampson served both as the Worshipful Master of the Holland Lodge and Grand Master of . . . Map (db m168807) HM
40Texas, Harris County, Hockley, Spring Creek Ranch — 10726 — Samuel McCarley HomesiteTexas Army Camp - April 15, 1836
On Waller-Tomball Road (Farm to Market Road 2920) at A J Foyt Road, on the right when traveling west on Waller-Tomball Road.
Samuel McCarley (1775-1838), his wife Celia (1794-1873), and their ten children settled near here on Spring Creek in 1831. By 1836 the McCarley home was located on a well-traveled road linking Washington-on-the-Brazos (30 mi. NW) with Harrisburg (40 . . . Map (db m140284) HM
41Texas, Harris County, Houston — 18500 — Amos Cemetery
On Hufsmith-Kohrville Road, 0.2 miles south of Spring Cypress Road, on the right when traveling north.
The Amos family came to Texas before 1860. In 1881, Thomas Amos and his son-in-law, Duncan Kosse (Cossey), bought 130 acres in Kohrville, which became a self-sufficient African American community. The Amos family grew and prospered, leading them . . . Map (db m159130) HM
42Texas, Harris County, Houston — The Capture of Santa Anna
Near North Shaver Street, 0.4 miles north of Crown Street.
This point is the approximate site of the capture of Santa Anna, the president of Mexico, and commander of the Mexican army-by James A. Sylvester, Joel W. Robison, Edward Miles, S.R. Bostick, Joseph Vermillion and Thompson, all soldiers of the Texas . . . Map (db m60821) HM
43Texas, Harris County, Houston, Acres Homes — 14113 — Acres Homes Community
On West Montgomery Road at West Little York Road, on the left when traveling north on West Montgomery Road.
In 1910, land developer Alfred A. Wright platted the first of several subdivisions that eventually became the African American community of Acres Homes. Wright sold parcels of varying sizes to residents who were attracted to the rural area by the . . . Map (db m170621) HM
44Texas, Harris County, Houston, Acres Homes — 13516 — Galilee Missionary Baptist Church
On DS Bailey Lane at Burleson Street, on the right when traveling north on DS Bailey Lane.
Galilee Missionary Baptist Church is located in the community of Acres (Acre) Homes, developed beginning in 1910 by the Wright Land Company. The company sold plots of land for low prices, making it affordable for many families. By the 1930s, a . . . Map (db m170620) HM
45Texas, Harris County, Houston, Acres Homes — 14035 — George Washington Carver High School
On South Victory Street at Emma Lou Street, on the right when traveling west on South Victory Street.
In 1915, Harris County Common School District #26 established White Oak (Colored) School to serve the Acres Homes Community. The Wright Land Company, which developed this historically African-American community earlier in the decade, deeded land . . . Map (db m170748) HM
46Texas, Harris County, Houston, Acres Homes — 18171 — Greater Ward A.M.E. Church
On Arabella Street at Granville Drive, on the right when traveling north on Arabella Street.
Greater Ward African Methodist Episcopal Church (Ward Chapel A.M.E. Church until 1972; then Greater Ward Chapel A.M.E. Church, 1972-2007) is the oldest congregation of its kind in the Acres Homes Community, located ten miles north of downtown . . . Map (db m170622) HM
47Texas, Harris County, Houston, Acres Homes — Rest Lawn Cemetery
On Wheatley Street at Ferguson Way, on the right when traveling north on Wheatley Street.
Rest Lawn Cemetery is one of the oldest graveyards in the historically African-American community of Acre(s) Homes, located about twelve miles northwest of downtown Houston. The community was developed by businessman Alfred A. Wright, beginning in . . . Map (db m170765) HM
48Texas, Harris County, Houston, Addicks / Park Ten — 10612 — Bear Creek Methodist Church and Cemetery
On Highway 6 at Patterson Road, on the right when traveling north on Highway 6.
German immigrants settled in the area surrounding the junction of Langham and Bear creeks in the 1840s. Settlers traveled to nearby churches for Sunday services until about 1879 when seven charter members established the Bear Creek German Methodist . . . Map (db m73450) HM
49Texas, Harris County, Houston, Aldine Meadows — 11934 — Aldine
On Aldine Bender Road (Farm to Market Road 525).
The railroad arrived in this area, first called Prairie Switch, in 1873. The Aldine post office was established in 1896; twenty-five to thirty families, most of Swedish descent, settled on Aldine's fertile land. Here they grew such products as . . . Map (db m196121) HM
50Texas, Harris County, Houston, Alief — 10589 — Alief Cemetery
On South Dairy Ashford Road at Bellaire Boulevard, on the right when traveling south on South Dairy Ashford Road.
The first permanent settlers in this area were Dr. John Magee and his wife, Alief, who came from Ellis County in 1896. The community originally was known as Dairy, but was renamed in 1897 for Mrs. Magee, the town's first Postmistress. By 1899, . . . Map (db m159224) HM
51Texas, Harris County, Houston, Alief — 10644 — Dairy (Alief)
On 7th Street at G Street, on the right when traveling east on 7th Street.
Reynolds Reynolds claimed a grant of 1250 acres of land in this area in 1861. Land developer Jacamiah Seaman Daugherty bought the property from Reynolds heirs in 1888. And in 1889 he granted a right-of-way to the San Antonio and Aransas Pass . . . Map (db m159205) HM
52Texas, Harris County, Houston, Astrodome — 18938 — Astrodome
Near NRG Parkway, 0.3 miles east of Kirby Drive, on the right when traveling east.
Judge Roy Hofheinz envisioned the world's first air-conditioned fully enclosed multi-purpose stadium by 1960. Officially named the Harris County Domed Stadium, ground was broken for the home of Major League Baseball's Houston Colt .45s on January 3, . . . Map (db m119849) HM
53Texas, Harris County, Houston, Barker — 12467 — Barker Post Office
On Baker Street, 0.2 miles south of Interstate 10 Frontage Road, on the left when traveling south.
The settlement that became Barker developed on the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad in the late 1890s. G.T. Miller applied for a post office in 1898. It occupied a corner of his store, which also was used as a saloon. The structure was damaged in . . . Map (db m159206) HM
54Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Business District — 1,000 Houstonians Join the Navy
Near Main Street at McKinney Street when traveling south.
On this site on May 30, 1942, 1,000 Houston volunteers took the oath of service in the United States Navy and dedicated their lives to avenging the cruiser USS Houston and her valiant crew lost in the Battle of the Java SeaMap (db m66151) HM WM
55Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Business District — 10596 — Annunciation Church
On Crawford Street at Texas Avenue, on the right when traveling north on Crawford Street.
In style of great European churches. The work of the Very Rev. Joseph Querat, a canon of Cathedral of Lyons, France, and missionary to Texas 1852-1878. Begun 1867 when Father Querat (with aid of parishioners) bought old Harris County Courthouse to . . . Map (db m62375) HM
56Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Business District — 10596 — Annunciation Church
On Crawford Street at Texas Avenue, on the right when traveling north on Crawford Street.
Second Catholic church in Houston; outgrowth of St. Vincent’s parish, established in 1839. Although founding pastor planned edifice (1867-1874) in style worthy of a cathedral, it never gained that status. Standing near business center, this was . . . Map (db m201879) HM
57Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Business District — 10597 — Antioch Missionary Baptist Church
On Clay Street, on the right when traveling south.
The emancipation of slaves was heralded by federal officials in Galveston on June 19, 1865. Antioch became Houston's first African American Baptist Church when organized by nine former area slaves in 1866. Their first sanctuary, built nearby in . . . Map (db m116554) HM
58Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Business District — Busy Corners
On Texas Avenue at Main Street, on the right when traveling east on Texas Avenue.
Busy Corners The intersection of Texas Avenue and Main Street has always been a busy one. As Houston grew, the four corners were surrounded by stores, offices, hotels, and movie theaters, which attracted people from near and far. In 1884 . . . Map (db m140376) HM
59Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Business District — 10646 — Daughters of the Republic of Texas
On Crawford Street north of Capitol Street, on the left when traveling north.
On November 6, 1891, seventeen women met at the home of Mrs. Andrew Briscoe at this site to organize an auxiliary to the Texas Veterans Association. Mrs. Anson Jones was elected president of the new organization, Daughters of the Lone Star . . . Map (db m62378) HM
60Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Business District — 15922 — First United Methodist Church of Houston
On Main Street, on the right when traveling south.
The foundation of Methodism in Houston began in 1837, when missionaries Martin Ruter and Littleton Fowler established a Sunday School Society. On April 14, 1839, the Rev. Jesse Hord received 14 members by transfer of letter, establishing the . . . Map (db m116552) HM
61Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Business District — 14042 — Gulf Building
On Travis Street, on the right when traveling north.
Prominent real estate developer, publisher, statesman and banker Jesse H. Jones opened the Gulf Building in 1929 with Gulf Oil, National Bank of Commerce, and Sakowitz Brothers as primary tenants. Alfred C. Finn designed the 430-foot high Art . . . Map (db m116995) HM
62Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Business District — 13093 — Houston Public Library
On McKinney Street, 0.1 miles east of Bagby Street, on the right when traveling east.
Within 10 years of its founding in 1836, Houston was a bustling city. Throughout the 1840s, the city's professionals came together in debating societies to discuss a variety of topics. They created the Houston Circulating Library to provide . . . Map (db m62370) HM
63Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Business District — 13888 — Julia Ideson Building
On McKinney Street, 0.1 miles east of Bagby Street, on the right when traveling east.
Early efforts by Houston's Lyceum, local women's organizations and Andrew Carnegie's national foundation led to the 1904 Houston Lyceum and Carnegie Library Building. Julia Bedford Ideson, hired in 1903, was the city's first librarian. Under her . . . Map (db m62371) HM
64Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Business District — Kress Building
On Main Street north of Rusk Street, on the right when traveling north.
Kress Building 705 Main Street Built in 1913 Listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m140322) HM
65Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Business District — San Jacinto Street
On Texas Street at San Jacinto Street, on the right when traveling east on Texas Street.
San Jacinto Street San Jacinto Street received its name from the battle fought on April 21, 1836, alongside the San Jacinto River, where the Texans won their independence from Mexico. This street was not only a major commercial artery, but it . . . Map (db m140416) HM
66Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Business District — 10690 — Site of Old Houston Academy
On Austin Street at Rusk Street, on the left when traveling north on Austin Street.
Founded 1856. Lost most of its male students to Confederate army in Civil War. In 1864-1865 building was used as an army hospital. Was site in 1867 for the lying-in-state of body of General Albert Sidney Johnston, who had lived near Houston. (A . . . Map (db m125722) HM
67Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Business District — Site of the home of A.C. and Charlotte M. Allen
On Main Street at Rusk Street, on the right when traveling south on Main Street.
Site of the home of A.C. and Charlotte M. Allen who named this city for the hero of San Jacinto General Sam Houston 1836 John McKnitt Alexander Chapter D.A.R. 1936 This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by . . . Map (db m140378) HM WM
68Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Business District — 13592 — St. Joseph Hospital
Near St Joseph Parkway at La Branch Street, on the left when traveling west.
St. Joseph Hospital, Houston’s first general hospital, opened in 1887 as St. Joseph’s Infirmary. Six sisters from the congregation of the Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word, who came to Houston from St. Mary’s Infirmary in Galveston, . . . Map (db m117464) HM
69Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Business District — 10689 — Thomas William House(March 4, 1814 - January 17, 1880)
On Rusk Street east of Bagby Street, on the left when traveling east.
A native of Stoke St. Gregory in Somersetshire, England, T.W. House emigrated to the United States in May 1835. A baker by trade, he soon was employed by the St. Charles Hotel in New Orleans. By 1838 he had moved to Houston and established the . . . Map (db m116813) HM
70Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Business District — 11952 — Thomas William House, Jr.(1846-1923)
On Rusk Street at San Jacinto Street, on the left when traveling east on Rusk Street.
T. W. House, Jr., was the third of eight children born to Thomas William (1814-1880) and Mary Elizabeth (Shearn) (1822-1870) House. T.W. House, Sr., was an English immigrant who established the T.W. House Bank in 1838 and became mayor of Houston in . . . Map (db m116848) HM
71Texas, Harris County, Houston, Central Northwest — 15494 — St. John United Church
On Mangum Road at Trembling Oaks, on the right when traveling north on Mangum Road.
A group of neighbors in the German farming community of Vollmer (later called White Oak) began meeting together for worship services in the 1860s. Property was purchased in 1866 on which a sanctuary was erected and a cemetery was established. The . . . Map (db m170767) HM
72Texas, Harris County, Houston, Clear Lake City — Apollo Mission Control Center
Near E. NASA Pkwy, 0.5 miles north of Point Lookout Drive, on the right when traveling west.
NASA — Johnson Space Center National Historic Landmark Designated by the United States Dept. of the Interior Apollo Mission Control Center Apollo 11 Lunar Landing – July 20, 1969 ( plaque inside the VIP Observation . . . Map (db m163181) HM
73Texas, Harris County, Houston, Clear Lake City — F-1 Engine: Power for the Rocket
Near Second Street south of Avenue D, on the left when traveling south.
F-1 Engine: Power for the Rocket A cluster of five engines like this one powered the first stage of the Saturn V rocket. The "V" in the name Saturn V is the Roman numeral 5 which correlates to the five powerful engines. F-1 engines provided . . . Map (db m141234) HM
74Texas, Harris County, Houston, Clear Lake City — H-1 Engine: A Powerful Start
Near Second Street south of Avenue D, on the left when traveling south.
H-1 Engine: A Powerful Start Eight H-1 engines like this one were used on Saturn I and Saturn IB rockets, the precursors to the Saturn V rocket. Saturn IB rockets were used for Apollo spacecraft tests, the three missions of Skylab, and the . . . Map (db m141248) HM
75Texas, Harris County, Houston, Clear Lake City — J-2 Engine: Versatile Sidekick
Near Second Street south of Avenue D, on the left when traveling south.
J-2 Engine: Versatile Sidekick Engines like this J-2 powered stages 2 and 3 of the Saturn V. STAGE 2 A cluster of five J-2 engines took over at an altitude of about 38 miles (61 km). The five J-2 engines boosted the rocket to 114.5 miles . . . Map (db m163136) HM
76Texas, Harris County, Houston, Clear Lake City — Little Joe II
Near E. NASA Pkwy, 0.5 miles north of Point Lookout Drive, on the right when traveling west.
The first major flight tests in the Apollo program were performed by the Little Joe II launch vehicle. These unmanned flights tested the command module launch escape system and qualified it for operational use in the Apollo program. The test . . . Map (db m163138) HM
77Texas, Harris County, Houston, Clear Lake City — Little Joe II and BP-22: Safety First
On Second Street just south of Avenue D, on the left when traveling south.
Little Joe II and BP-22: Safety First A rocket similar to this one-stage rocket, nicknamed Little Joe II, was used from 1963 to 1966 to test the Apollo/Saturn V Launch Escape System (LES). The LES was designed to propel the crew capsule to . . . Map (db m141173) HM
78Texas, Harris County, Houston, Clear Lake City — Mercury-Redstone: Putting the First Americans in Space
On East NASA Parkway, 0.5 miles north of Point Lookout Drive, on the right when traveling west.
Mercury-Redstone: Putting the First Americans in Space Mercury capsules were small, one-man spacecraft. The Mercury-Redstone rocket was designed to propel these capsules and the first American astronauts into space during Project Mercury. The . . . Map (db m212741) HM
79Texas, Harris County, Houston, Clear Lake City — NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space CenterAIAA Historic Aerospace Site
Near Second Street just north of Saturn Lane, on the left when traveling north.
Since its establishment in 1961, the NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, formerly Manned Spacecraft Center, has led America’s efforts in human space exploration. The numerous contributions of this site include advances in life and space sciences . . . Map (db m163134) HM
80Texas, Harris County, Houston, Clear Lake City — Saturn V Rocket
Near Second Street at Avenue E, on the left when traveling south.
National Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark Saturn V Rocket 1967-1973 The largest rocket built at the time of the historic first missions to the Moon, the Saturn V carried aloft the 45-ton Apollo spacecraft on Earth orbital and lunar . . . Map (db m163135) HM
81Texas, Harris County, Houston, Cypress Forest — 13148 — Perry Cemetery
On Grant Road at East Cypress Forest Drive, on the left when traveling west on Grant Road.
The first marked burial at the Perry Cemetery is that of Charles B. Grant (d. 1878), son of Physician James W. Grant who once owned land in the southern part of the T.K. Wheeler survey. Dr. Grant and his wife, Mary, are also buried here. Thomas . . . Map (db m159129) HM
82Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — Alexander Hodge
Near Bagby Street south of Lamar Street, on the right when traveling south.
Erected in 1908 by Lady Washington Chapter D.A.R. in memory of Alexander Hodge one of Marion's Men Born in Pennsylvania, 1760 Died in Texas, 1836 A hero of two RepublicsMap (db m116858) WM
83Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — 13313 — Ancient Order of Pilgrims
On Lamar Street, 0.1 miles west of Bagby Street, on the right when traveling west.
After the Civil War, African Americans faced difficulties finding insurance or securing loans. In the 1870s, Jamaican immigrant Henry Cohen Hardy came to Houston, where he was an educator. Hardy established the Ancient Order of Pilgrims in 1882 to . . . Map (db m62302) HM
84Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — 10598 — Auditorium Hotel
On Texas Avenue at Louisiana Street, on the right when traveling west on Texas Avenue.
The Auditorium Hotel was built in 1926 for Houston investor Michele DeGeorge (1850-1927), who came to the United States from Italy in 1881. Designed by architect Joseph Finger (1887-1953), the building features Italian renaissance detailing in the . . . Map (db m62363) HM
85Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — Christ Church Cathedral
On Texas Avenue east of Fannin Street, on the left when traveling east.
Christ Church Cathedral Although this site was designated on the Original Plan of Houston as the School Reserve, its only occupant has been Christ Church. Founded on March 16, 1839, Christ Church was designated the Cathedral of the Episcopal . . . Map (db m140418) HM
86Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — 10631 — Christ Church Cathedral
On Texas Avenue, on the left when traveling east.
The second Episcopal parish in the Republic of Texas. Led by a missionary of the Episcopal Church in the United States, the Rev. R.M. Chapman, and by an early Houstonian, Col. William Fairfax Gray, thirty-nine men came together on March 16, 1839, . . . Map (db m116547) HM
87Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — 10664 — First White House of the Republic of Texas
On Main Street at Preston Street, on the right when traveling north on Main Street.
. . . Map (db m61060) HM
88Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — Former Site of Capitol, Republic of Texas
On Texas Avenue east of Travis Street, on the left when traveling east.
Former Site of Capitol, Republic of Texas Texas won its independence from Mexico on April 21, 1836, and became a separate nation. Within a few months the Republic of Texas’s Congress selected the recently-founded town of Houston as the new . . . Map (db m140374) HM
89Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — Founding of Harris County
On Congress Street at San Jacinto Street, on the right when traveling west on Congress Street.
In December 1835, near the beginning of the Texas Revolution, the new Provisional Government of Texas defined the boundary of the Municipality of Harrisburg, similar to the extent of Harris County today. Its largest town and seat of government was . . . Map (db m119465) HM
90Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — 10677 — Harris County
On Congress Street at San Jacinto Street, on the right when traveling west on Congress Street.
Inhabited during the 17th century by Karankawa and Orcoquiza Indians, and considered in 1756 by Spain for site of Presidio de San Agustin de Ahumada, this region was settled permanently in 1822 by the colonists of Stephen F. Austin. In 1824 John R. . . . Map (db m59557) HM
91Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — Harris County 1910 Courthouse
On Fannin Street at Congress Street, on the right when traveling north on Fannin Street.
This site has served as the courthouse square for Harris (originally Harrisburg) County since the completion of the first county courthouse, a two-story frame structure, in April 1838. Later courthouses were constructed on this site in 1851, 1860 . . . Map (db m119967) HM
92Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — 10679 — Harris County Courthouse of 1910
Near Fannin Street at Congress Street, on the right when traveling north. Reported missing.
When brothers Augustus C. and John K. Allen founded Houston in 1836, they designated this site as the Courthouse Square. In 1837 Houston became the Harrisburg (later Harris) County Seat, and a two-story pine log courthouse was constructed here. . . . Map (db m61116) HM
93Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — 10684 — Hogg Building
On Louisiana Street at Preston Street, on the right when traveling north on Louisiana Street.
Noted Houston business and civic leader Will C. Hogg (1875-1930) had this commercial structure built in 1921. Early tenants included the Armor Auto Company and the Great Southern Life Insurance Company. The art deco building, designed by the . . . Map (db m62353) HM
94Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — 10787 — Horace Dickinson Taylor(1821-1890)
On Preston Street west of Smith Street, on the left when traveling east.
At the age of 17 Horace Dickinson Taylor left his native Massachusetts with his brother, Edward, after the sudden death of their parents. They settled in Independence, Texas, in 1838, and in 1848 the Taylor brothers moved to Houston where they . . . Map (db m116812) HM
95Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — 10691 — Houston Bar Association
On Fannin Street, on the left when traveling south.
Members of the legal profession began practicing in Houston in 1837, one year after Texas gained its independence from Mexico and became a Republic. The earliest evidence of organization among the city's attorneys dates to 1870, when the original . . . Map (db m116548) HM
96Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — 10692 — Houston City, Republic of Texas
On Bagby Street at McKinney Street, on the right when traveling south on Bagby Street.
By vote of Congress, Nov. 30, 1836, chosen temporary capital for new Republic of Texas. At the time a small townsite at the head of Buffalo Bayou navigation. Into a "Houston City" of mud, tents, cabins on April 1, 1837, came President Sam Houston . . . Map (db m62875) HM
97Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — 10693 — Houston Cotton Exchange and Board of Trade
On Travis Street at Franklin Street, on the right when traveling south on Travis Street.
Founded in 1874 to facilitate trade in the expanding cotton market. This Victorian renaissance revival edifice, designed by Eugene T. Heiner, was built in 1884-85 by contractors Max Kosse and James S. Lucas. The exchange room and galleries were . . . Map (db m59561) HM
98Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — 10748 — Kellum-Noble House
On Dallas Street, on the right when traveling east.
Built 1847 by Nathaniel Kellum. Used as early school. Became part of first city park in 1899. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1967 Incise in base: Restored 1954 by Harris County Heritage SocietyMap (db m149991) HM
99Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — 13017 — Magnolia Brewery Building
On Franklin Street at Milam Street, on the left when traveling east on Franklin Street.
Magnolia Brewery was part of the Houston Ice and Brewing Company, founded in the late 19th century by Hugh Hamilton. Some of the brewery's popular brands included Magnolia, Southern Select and Richelieu beers. This building, designed by H.C. Cooke . . . Map (db m62368) HM
100Texas, Harris County, Houston, Downtown Houston — 10729 — Merchants and Manufacturers Building
Near North Main Street south of Girard Street, on the left when traveling north.
This building was constructed to house the activities of Houston's merchants and manufacturers during the post-World War I economic boom. Its location provided access to water, rail, and truck transportation of goods. Completed in 1930, the M & M . . . Map (db m119467) HM

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Feb. 6, 2023