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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Charlotte County, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Charlotte County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Charlotte County, VA (49) Appomattox County, VA (75) Campbell County, VA (22) Halifax County, VA (40) Lunenburg County, VA (23) Mecklenburg County, VA (39) Prince Edward County, VA (98)  CharlotteCounty(49) Charlotte County (49)  AppomattoxCounty(75) Appomattox County (75)  CampbellCounty(22) Campbell County (22)  HalifaxCounty(40) Halifax County (40)  LunenburgCounty(23) Lunenburg County (23)  MecklenburgCounty(39) Mecklenburg County (39)  PrinceEdwardCounty(98) Prince Edward County (98)
Charlotte Court House is the county seat for Charlotte County
Adjacent to Charlotte County, Virginia
      Appomattox County (75)  
      Campbell County (22)  
      Halifax County (40)  
      Lunenburg County (23)  
      Mecklenburg County (39)  
      Prince Edward County (98)  
 
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1Virginia (Charlotte County), Briery — F-75 — Old Briery Church
Just to the north stands Briery Church, organized in 1755 following the missionary work of Presbyterian minister Samuel Davies. The first church was built about 1760 and was replaced in 1824. The present Gothic Revival church was built about 1855 . . . Map (db m40794) HM
2Virginia (Charlotte County), Brookneal — Quarter Place Trailhead
The Quarter Place Trail is a half mile long, culminating at the Slave & African American Cemetery. The terrain slopes at the trailhead, levels off, and then steepens as it descends to the cemetery. The one-mile round trip walk is of moderate . . . Map (db m128689) HM
3Virginia (Charlotte County), Brookneal — Red Hill"Give me liberty or give me death!" Patrick Henry, March 23, 1775
After three decades of public service, Patrick Henry retired in 1794 to Red Hill plantation in Charlotte County, which he regarded as "one of the garden spots of the world." He purchased the 700-acre estate and simple story-and-half house in 1794 . . . Map (db m128698) HM
4Virginia (Charlotte County), Brookneal — Red HillPatrick Henry National Memorial
Text Box #4) The flags of the Commonwealth Courtyard honor Patrick Henry's election as the first governor of Virginia on June 29, 1776, when the boundaries of the commonwealth extended from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River. The Grand . . . Map (db m128702) HM
5Virginia (Charlotte County), Brookneal — 10 — Red Hill — Patrick Henry National Memorial —
One mile to the south is Red Hill, Patrick Henry’s last home and burial place. The marble stone covering his grave carries the simple inscription, “His fame his best epitaph.” Henry came here in 1794 and died at his beloved Red Hill . . . Map (db m65398) HM
6Virginia (Charlotte County), Brookneal — Red Hill Plantation
Red Hill, 2930 acres at Patrick Henry's death, was named by its previous owners after the red clay soil so common to the area. Henry reportedly referred to it as "one of the garden spots of Virginia." The view from here overlooking the Staunton . . . Map (db m128691) HM
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7Virginia (Charlotte County), Charlotte Court House — FR-12 — Campaign of 1781
At Cole's Ferry on Staunton River, twelve miles southwest, Steuben halted his southward march, June 10, 1781.Map (db m31020) HM
8Virginia (Charlotte County), Charlotte Court House — CR1 — Central High SchoolCharlotte Court House, Virginia — Charlotte County —
Central High School opened in 1939 as Charlotte County's first African American high school. Before its construction, African American students attended the Charlotte Training School, which had been built between 1928 and 1929 with . . . Map (db m182502) HM
9Virginia (Charlotte County), Charlotte Court House — Charlotte County Confederate Monument
1861-1865 Gloria Victis Confederate soldiers Charlotte County cherishes the memory of her heroes Noble deeds are a people’s inspiration Erected under the auspices of H.A. Carrington Camp C.V. No. 34. August 27, 1901. . . . Map (db m31017) WM
10Virginia (Charlotte County), Charlotte Court House — 30 — Charlotte County Library
Beginning in 1937, Ambassador and Mrs. David K. E. Bruce anonymously gave money to 11 sites in Southside Virginia to build libraries. The Bruce libraries, as they were called, became the first public libraries to allow access to African . . . Map (db m31019) HM
11Virginia (Charlotte County), Charlotte Court House — CR2 — Charlotte County LibraryCharlotte Court House, Virginia — Charlotte County —
Beginning in 1937, Ambassador and Mrs. David K.E. Bruce anonymously gave money to 11 sites in Southside Virginia to build libraries. The Bruce libraries, as they were called, became the first public libraries to allow access to African . . . Map (db m182496) HM
12Virginia (Charlotte County), Charlotte Court House — Charlotte Court HouseForaging Parties: “People complimented us” — Wilson-Kautz Raid —
In June 1864, to deny Gen. Robert E. Lee the use of the South Side R.R. and the Richmond and Danville R.R., Gen. Ulysses S. Grant sent Gen. James H. Wilson and Gen. August V. Kautz south of Petersburg on a cavalry raid to destroy track and . . . Map (db m31011) HM
13Virginia (Charlotte County), Charlotte Court House — FR-9 — Charlotte Court House Historic District
The historic district, a rare example of a 19th-century rural courthouse town, is concentrated on two main streets. Begun as Dalstonburg in 1775 during the French and Indian War, and later called Marysville and Smithville, the town was named . . . Map (db m31022) HM
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14Virginia (Charlotte County), Charlotte Court House — Constitutional Oak
Constitutional Oak presented to David Q. Eggleston Delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1902 It was planted by his son, John W. Eggleston Later, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Appeals and John R. Hutcheson . . . Map (db m182499) HM
15Virginia (Charlotte County), Charlotte Court House — FR-14 — Cub Creek Church
Six miles south is Cub Creek Presbyterian Church, the oldest church in this section. The neighborhood was known as the Caldwell Settlement for John Caldwell, grandfather of John C. Calhoun of South Carolina. About 1738 he brought here a colony of . . . Map (db m66062) HM
16Virginia (Charlotte County), Charlotte Court House — FR-14 — Cub Creek Church
Cub Creek Presbyterian Church, the oldest church in this area, stood four miles southwest of here. The neighborhood was known as the Caldwell Settlement for John Caldwell, great grandfather of U.S. senator and vice president John C. Calhoun, of . . . Map (db m182500) HM
17Virginia (Charlotte County), Charlotte Court House — FR-6 — Edgehill
Three miles north is Edgehill, home of Clement Carrington. He ran away from Hampden-Sydney College to join the Revolutionary army, served in Lee's Legion, 1780-81, and was wounded at Eutaw Springs, September 8, 1781.Map (db m31023) HM
18Virginia (Charlotte County), Charlotte Court House — FR-7 — Greenfield
Half a mile north is Greenfield, built in 1771 by Isaac Read. Read was a member of the House of Burgesses, 1769-1771, and of the Virginia conventions of 1774 and 1775. He served as an officer in the Revolutionary War, dying of wounds in 1777.Map (db m31024) HM
19Virginia (Charlotte County), Charlotte Court House — FR-10 — Henry and Randolph
Early in 1799, at the urging of George Washington, Patrick Henry emerged from retirement to run for Charlotte County's seat in the Virginia House of Delegates. He gave a speech here in March in front of a large crowd. Although Henry had opposed the . . . Map (db m182497) HM
20Virginia (Charlotte County), Charlotte Court House — FR-10 — Henry and Randolph's Debate
Here, in March, 1799, took place the noted debate between Patrick Henry and John Randolph of Roanoke on the question of States' Rights. Henry denied the right of a state to oppose oppressive Federal laws. Randolph affirmed that right. This was . . . Map (db m31018) HM
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21Virginia (Charlotte County), Charlotte Court House — Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to the veterans of Charlotte CountyMap (db m182498) WM
22Virginia (Charlotte County), Chase City — Z-43 — Charlotte County / Mecklenburg County
Charlotte County. Area 496 square miles. Formed in 1764 from Lunenburg, and named for Queen Charlotte, wife of King George III. Patrick Henry and John Randolph of Roanoke lived in this county, and Henry is buried here. . . . Map (db m31001) HM
23Virginia (Charlotte County), Drakes Branch — Drakes Branch"Burnt all the depot buildings" — Wilson-Kautz Raid —
In June 1864, to deny Gen. Robert E. Lee the use of the South Side R.R. and the Richmond and Danville R.R., Gen. Ulysses S. Grant sent Gen. James H. Wilson and Gen. August V. Kautz south of Petersburg on a cavalry raid to destroy track and . . . Map (db m31006) HM
24Virginia (Charlotte County), Drakes Branch — Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to all veterans of foreign wars Past — Present — Future Map (db m182495) WM
25Virginia (Charlotte County), Drakes Branch — Vietnam War Memorial
In memory and honor of Gordon P. Young from Drakes Branch, Army First Cavalry Division, Killed In Action, Ia Drang and the below listed men from Charlotte County who paid the supreme sacrifice. May their names be forever remembered. May God bless . . . Map (db m182494) WM
26Virginia (Charlotte County), Keysville — F-78 — Campaign of 1781
Tarleton, British cavalryman, returning from his raid to Bedford, passed near here, July 1781.Map (db m66025) HM
27Virginia (Charlotte County), Keysville — Z-52 — Charlotte County / Prince Edward County
Charlotte County. Area 496 Square Miles. Formed in 1764 from Lunenburg, and named for Queen Charlotte, wife of King George III. Patrick Henry and John Randolph of Roanoke lived in this county, and Henry is buried here. . . . Map (db m66002) HM
28Virginia (Charlotte County), Keysville — F-77 — Early Exploration
Batts, Fallam and Thomas Wood, sent by Abraham Wood to explore Western Virginia, passed near here, September, 1671.Map (db m66024) HM
29Virginia (Charlotte County), Keysville — F-77 — Early Exploration
Abraham Wood, a trader and militia commander, commissioned Thomas Batte and Robert Hallom to explore the Appalachian Mountains in 1671. Their objective was to search the western slopes for tidal rivers, an indication that the Pacific Ocean was . . . Map (db m182503) HM
30Virginia (Charlotte County), Keysville — Four Locust Farm[Pettus Dairy Farm]
Four Locust Farm has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Map (db m182505) HM
31Virginia (Charlotte County), Keysville — FR-8 — Joseph Morton
Seven miles west stood Roanoke Bridge, the colonial homestead of Joseph Morton, who patented land near by in the 1740s. He was an elder of Briery Presbyterian Church on its founding in Prince Edward County in 1755, and later a trustee. He served as . . . Map (db m40854) HM
32Virginia (Charlotte County), Keysville — KeysvilleForaging and Destruction — Wilson-Kautz Raid —
In June 1864, to deny Gen. Robert E. Lee the use of the South Side R.R. and the Richmond and Danville R.R., Gen. Ulysses S. Grant sent Gen. James H. Wilson and Gen. August V. Kautz south of Petersburg on a cavalry raid to destroy track and rolling . . . Map (db m66003) HM
33Virginia (Charlotte County), Keysville — 29 — Southside Virginia Community CollegeKeysville, Virginia — Charlotte County —
Southside Virginia Community College has two campuses: the Christanna Campus in Alberta, which opened in 1970, and the John H. Daniel campus in Keysville, which opened in 1971. The college is part of the statewide system of community colleges . . . Map (db m31025) HM
34Virginia (Charlotte County), Keysville — CR3 — Southside Virginia Community CollegeKeysville, Virginia — Charlotte County —
Southside Virginia Community College has two main campuses: the Christanna Campus in Alberta, which opened in 1970, and the John H. Daniel Campus in Keysville, which opened in 1971. The college is part of the statewide system of community . . . Map (db m180617) HM
35Virginia (Charlotte County), Phenix — FR-15 — Rough Creek Church
A chapel was built here in 1765-1769 by order of the vestry of Cornwall Parrish. Following the disestablishment and a brief period of irregular use, the property passed to the Republican Methodists, a denomination then active in the South. It was . . . Map (db m66061) HM
36Virginia (Charlotte County), Randolph — Roanoke StationThe Battle of Staunton River Bridge — Wilson-Kautz Raid —
In late June 1864, Confederate General Robert E. Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia were engaged in a desperate defense of the city of Petersburg. Victory for Lee depended on a steady flow of supplies from the west, brought in by rail. To force . . . Map (db m107583) HM
37Virginia (Charlotte County), Randolph — Wilson’s orders were to destroy the Richmond and Danville Railroad to the greatest extent possible — The Union Trail —
Brigadier General James H. Wilson and his Third Division, as well as Brigadier General August V. Kautz’s small cavalry division of the Army of the James, had participated in Grant’s railroad-breaking expeditions from the beginning. The received word . . . Map (db m107591) HM
38Virginia (Charlotte County), Randolph — Wilson-Kautz Raid“Destroy both those roads”
In late June 1864, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia were engaged in a desperate defense of the city of Petersburg. Victory for Lee depended on a steady flow of supplies, brought in by rail. To force Lee from . . . Map (db m107472) HM
39Virginia (Charlotte County), Red House — FR-3 — Red House
This old tavern was built by Martin Hancock about 1813 on the site of his earlier cabin. It was a noted stopping place and trade center on the old south road to the West.Map (db m66060) HM
40Virginia (Charlotte County), Red Oak — Z-44 — Charlotte County / Mecklenburg County
Charlotte County. Area 496 Square Miles. Formed in 1764 from Lunenburg, and named for Queen Charlotte, wife of King George III. Patrick Henry and John Randolph of Roanoke lived in this county, and Henry is buried here. . . . Map (db m31876) HM
41Virginia (Charlotte County), Red Oak — 31 — Salem SchoolRed Oak, Virginia — Charlotte County —
After the Civil War, in the Red Oak area of Charlotte County, many freed slaves were welcomed to worship at Antioch Baptist Church, a traditionally white church. The Antioch congregation helped raise money to build Salem Baptist Church in . . . Map (db m30999) HM
42Virginia (Charlotte County), Red Oak — CR4 — Salem SchoolRed Oak, Virginia — Charlotte County —
After the Civil War, in the Red Oak area of Charlotte County, many freed slaves were welcomed to worship at Antioch Baptist Church, a traditionally white church. The Antioch congregation helped raise money to build Salem Baptist Church in . . . Map (db m182464) HM
43Virginia (Charlotte County), Saxe — Carrington's Mill"The D_ _ _ Rebels" — Wilson-Kautz Raid —
In June 1864, to deny Gen. Robert E. Lee the use of the South Side R.R. and the Richmond and Danville R.R., Gen. Ulysses S. Grant sent Gen. James H. Wilson and Gen. August V. Kautz south of Petersburg on a cavalry raid to destroy track and rolling . . . Map (db m31004) HM
44Virginia (Charlotte County), Wylliesburg — M-9 — Paul Carrington
Member of House of Burgesses, 1765-1775, of Virginia conventions, 1774-1788, including Constitutional Conventions, of first Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia. A founder of Hampden-Sydney College. Lived and is buried at Mulberry Hill nearby.Map (db m31864) HM
45Virginia (Charlotte County), Wylliesburg — F-80 — Roanoke Plantation
Nine miles west is Roanoke, home of John Randolph, a member of the House of Representatives for many years, and Senator. Randolph at first was Jefferson's lieutenant and later on an opponent and critic, but he never lost the love of his . . . Map (db m31860) HM
46Virginia (Charlotte County), Wylliesburg — F-82 — Staunton Bridge Action
The railroad bridge over Staunton River, nine miles west, was held by a body of Confederate reserves and citizens from Halifax, Charlotte and Mecklenburg counties against Union cavalry raiding to destroy railroads, June 25, 1864. When the Unionists . . . Map (db m31862) HM
47Virginia (Charlotte County), Wylliesburg — F-82 — Staunton Bridge Action
On 22 June 1864, more than 5,000 Union cavalrymen under Brig. Gens. James Wilson and August Kautz left Petersburg, newly under siege, to cut Confederate supply lines. Moving along the South Side and Richmond & Danville Railroads, they tore up track . . . Map (db m182492) HM
48Virginia (Charlotte County), Wylliesburg — FR-28 — The War of 1812 / War of 1812 Opposition — John Randolph
The War of 1812. Impressment of Americans into British service and the violation of American ships were among the causes of America's War of 1812 with the British, which lasted until 1815. Beginning in 1813, Virginians suffered from a British . . . Map (db m107493) HM
49Virginia (Charlotte County), Wylliesburg — WylliesburghFirst Rest — Wilson-Kautz Raid —
In June 1864, to deny General Robert E. Lee the use of the South Side Railroad and the Richmond and Danville Railroad, General Ulysses S. Grant sent General James H. Wilson and General August V. Kautz south of Petersburg on a cavalry raid to destroy . . . Map (db m40791) HM
 
 
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Nov. 29, 2022