“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Northampton County, Virginia

Clickable Map of Northampton County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Northampton County, VA (58) Accomack County, VA (134) Hampton Ind. City, VA (230) Mathews County, VA (26) Middlesex County, VA (69) Norfolk Ind. City, VA (155) Poquoson Ind. City, VA (14) Virginia Beach Ind. City, VA (173) York County, VA (168)  NorthamptonCounty(58) Northampton County (58)  AccomackCounty(134) Accomack County (134)  Hampton(230) Hampton (230)  MathewsCounty(26) Mathews County (26)  MiddlesexCounty(69) Middlesex County (69)  Norfolk(155) Norfolk (155)  Poquoson(14) Poquoson (14)  VirginiaBeach(173) Virginia Beach (173)  YorkCounty(168) York County (168)
Eastville is the county seat for Northampton County
Adjacent to Northampton County, Virginia
      Accomack County (134)  
      Hampton (230)  
      Mathews County (26)  
      Middlesex County (69)  
      Norfolk (155)  
      Poquoson (14)  
      Virginia Beach (173)  
      York County (168)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Virginia, Northampton County, Birdsnest — WY--11 — Three Northampton Landmarks
Three miles west stands the third church of Hungars Parish, begun in 1742 and completed by 1751, one of two colonial churches remaining on Virginia's Eastern Shore. The parish built the glebe house or minister's residence, 5.5 miles west, about . . . Map (db m48938) HM
2 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — A Changing Way of Life...
Growth Followed the Rails The Eastern Shore of Virginia, one of the earliest colonized areas in North America, remained a seafood and agricultural region with scattered small towns until the 1880s. The construction of what is now the . . . Map (db m206447) HM
3 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — A Good StartCaptain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
(panel 1) On June 2, 1608, John Smith and his crew set sail on the first of two voyages exploring the Chesapeake region. Their first stop was the Eastern Shore. At a place near today’s Cape Charles, they saw Indian men fishing with . . . Map (db m98497) HM
4 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — WY-5 — Arlington Reported missing
Two miles west stood Arlington, original home of the Custis Family, built by John Custis. The family tombs are still preserved there. Governor Wm. Berkeley made his headquarters there during Bacon's Rebellion in 1676. Arlington on the Potomac was . . . Map (db m98646) HM
5 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — Bacon's Rebellion
In 1676, John Custis II was recognized as a wealthy and powerful man, not only on the Eastern Shore, but also in Jamestown. When Nathaniel Bacon assembled a militia to overthrow the royal government at Jamestown, Governor William Berkeley fled to . . . Map (db m98786) HM
6 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — WY-4 — Cape Charles
The Town of Cape Charles was founded in 1884 by Alexander Cassatt and William L. Scott as the southern terminusof the New York, Philadelphia & Norfolk Railroad. The extension of tracks south from Maryland to Cape Charles opened the Northeastern . . . Map (db m48952) HM
7 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — WY-73 — Cape Charles Colored School
Constructed in 1928, this school opened about 1930 for African American children in Cape Charles during legalized segregation. The building was constructed with contributions from the local African American community, the State Literary Fund, . . . Map (db m51004) HM
8 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — Cape Charles Ice & Lumber Co.1901
This building was constructed in 1901 by R.D.L. Fletcher, Jennings W. Waples, and W.B. Wilson, owners of Cape Charles Ice & Lumber Co., who moved the business to this location from south of the harbor. It is believed to be the first building in . . . Map (db m203779) HM
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9 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — Cape Charles to Little Creek
SS Delmarva, SS Princess Anne, and the SS Pocahontas operated out of Cape Charles to Little Creek, VA, from about 1933 to 1950. The first two vessels handled the traffic from 1933 to 1941. In 1941, the SS Pocahontas was . . . Map (db m52213) HM
10 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — Chesapeake BayKiptopeke State Park
The Chesapeake Bay, vital to the survival of many species of shorebirds and birds of prey, provides fish, mollusks, and crabs as well as a variety of nesting habitats along the Eastern Shore. Many of these birds can be seen gliding along the hulls . . . Map (db m98669) HM
11 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel
Quick Facts: Northbound (Original Crossing): $137M - 42 months Opened April 15, 1964 Southbound(Parallel Crossing): $250M - 46 months Opened April 19, 1999 Parallel Thimble Shoal Tunnel: $850M (projected) . . . Map (db m204054) HM
12 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — Concrete ShipsKiptopeke State Park
Placed in 1948 to create a breakwater for the ferry system, these nine World War II-era concrete ships provide a unique habitat for birds and marine life. Due to a steel shortage, these ships were built out of concrete in the early 1940s by . . . Map (db m98500) HM
13 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — Elijah BakerPioneer Baptist of the Eastern Shore of Virginia
who landed at Hunt's Point, Old Plantation Creek, on Easter Sunday 1776 and the same day preached the first Baptist sermon, “At the End of a Horsing Tree.” Opposition of the established church caused him to be deported; but kind Providence brought . . . Map (db m224172) HM
14 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — WY 26 — Elijah Baker(1742-1798)
Elijah Baker, Baptist preacher, began his ministry in Lunenburg County. As an itinerant in the 1770s, he helped found several churches in the counties along the James and York Rivers. He arrived in this area on Easter Sunday 1776 and traveled to . . . Map (db m154163) HM
15 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — Farm to MarketKiptopeke State Park
The Eastern Shore has a rich agricultural history--from large British land grant farms to post-civil war tenant farmers and from large commercial outfits to small organic farms. Agriculture continues to be the largest economic activity on the . . . Map (db m98668) HM
16 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — Fisherman Island NWR
Virginia’s southernmost barrier island includes about 1,850 acres of constantly shifting sand. Established as a refuge in 1969, the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service acquired the last 25 acres of land in 2000. Protection Fisherman Island . . . Map (db m98484) HM
17 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — IndiansFirst People Of The Eastern Shore
When the English first visited the Eastern Shore in 1608, they found an area which had been inhabited for centuries by Algonquian Indian Tribes. Today archaeologists have found on or near the Arlington Plantation, shards of ceramics known as Roanoke . . . Map (db m98787) HM
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18 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — Mansion Site
Exploratory digs here in 1988 and 1994 uncovered a three brick wide foundation of an extraordinary 17th century home. Measuring 54 feet by 43.5 feet, this huge footing supported a structure described in 1709 as a "...Dwelling House built of brick . . . Map (db m98785) HM
19 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — Maritime HighwayKiptopeke State Park
Shipping traffic, commercial fisheries, recreation and tourism industries and the military rely on the Chesapeake Bay for its logistic potential. Native American canoes, colonial sailing ships, 20th century schooners, and modern cargo ships have . . . Map (db m98665) HM
20 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — Rails Overlooking the Chesapeake Bay
Rails from the original tracks laid on the riprap jetty in 1884 by the New York, Philadelphia & Norfolk Railroad, for officials to spend the night and dine overlooking the Chesapeake Bay. Presented in 1995 by the Eastern Shore . . . Map (db m61362) HM
21 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — Slavery on the Eastern Shore
During the early decades of the l7th century, natives of Angola were brought to the Caribbean islands to work on the tobacco and sugar plantations. From there they were brought to Virginia. In 1619 a Dutch man-o-war ship brought the first Negroes . . . Map (db m98793) HM
22 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — The Chesapeake Bay Impact Crater
A meteor/comet two miles wide crossed paths with Earth 35 million years ago. Moving at the speed of 21 miles per second, it crashed here, and what is today the town of Cape Charles, creating the sixth largest impact crater on earth. The meteor . . . Map (db m85789) HM
23 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — The Custis Tombs
Here lie... John Custis II 1628-1695 John Custis IV 1678-1749 National Historic LandmarkMap (db m98795) HM
24 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — The DunesKiptopeke State Park
An ever-changing dynamic ecosystem, established dune ridges make up the backbone of the Eastern Shore. Over time, tides and wind cause sand to accumulate creating sand dunes. Intense storms and human impacts can cause erosion to the fragile dune . . . Map (db m98671)
25 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — The Eastern Shore Railroad
In 1882, A.J. Cassatt laid out a new railroad between Pokomoke, MD, and Cape Charles. Construction began April, 1884, the last spike was driven on October 25, 1884. A.J. Cassatt enhanced the dredging of Cape Charles harbor and designed huge . . . Map (db m203786) HM
26 Virginia, Northampton County, Cape Charles — Veterans War Memorial
(Side 1) Veterans War Memorial Dedicated by American Legion Northampton Post 56 Cape Charles, VA. 1989 World War II W. Richard Karla • Joe Restein II • Thomas Savage • Charles K. Bennett • George E. Ward, Jr. • . . . Map (db m206348) WM
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27 Virginia, Northampton County, Cheriton — Eyre Hall
Has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses National significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America This rare fragment of 18th century Chesapeake landscape, with its Georgian house and . . . Map (db m94382) HM
28 Virginia, Northampton County, Cheriton — WY-3 — Salem Methodist Church
1.8 miles east of here stood Salem Methodist Church (1836-1918), scene of the initial violence resulting from the schism between northern and southern Methodists in 1846. A northern circuit preacher was dragged from the pulpit by members of the . . . Map (db m7585) HM
29 Virginia, Northampton County, Cheriton — WY-2 — Site of Tidewater Institute(1907 - 1935)
Tidewater Institute was incorporated in 1903 with the stated purpose of establishing an industrial, academic, collegiate, and seminary boarding school for the education of black youth. Founded by the Rev. George E. Reid, and supported by the . . . Map (db m7586) HM
30 Virginia, Northampton County, Cheriton — WY-6 — Stratton Manor
Benjamin Stratton, a member of the family that had owned the land since 1636, constructed this finely crafted house nearby about 1764, according to dated chimney bricks.Perhaps built on the site of an earlier Stratton dwelling, the house exemplifies . . . Map (db m48942) HM
31 Virginia, Northampton County, Cheriton — WY-7 — Town Fields
About two miles west was Town Fields, the first seat of local government on Virginia's Eastern Shore. English tenants settled there in 1620 after the Virginia Company of London set aside 500 acres to be used as a source of income for the Secretary . . . Map (db m205009) HM
32 Virginia, Northampton County, Cheriton — WY-7 — Towne Fields Reported missing
This site, two and a half miles west, was the first seat of local government on the Eastern Shore. Francis Bolton preached there in 1623, and the first church was built before 1632. The oldest continuous county records in the English Colonies began . . . Map (db m48533) HM
33 Virginia, Northampton County, Eastville — Confederate Monument - Eastville, VA
Erected by the Harmanson-West Camp Confederate Veterans, The Daughters of the Confederacy and the citizens of the Eastern Shore of Virginia; to the soldiers of the Confederacy from Northampton and Accomack Counties. They died bravely in war, or in . . . Map (db m7590) HM
34 Virginia, Northampton County, Eastville — Debdeavon
"Laughing King of Accomacke Emperor of the Easterne Shoare King of the Great Nussawattocks" A gallant warrior and a loyal friend to the early settlers of the Eastern Shore. His timely warning to the colonists of an intended uprising in 1621, saved . . . Map (db m7591) HM
35 Virginia, Northampton County, Eastville — WY-9 — Gingaskin Indian Reservation
The Gingaskin Indian Reservation was located nearby from 1640 to 1813 and was created from a land patent in 1640 that set aside land for the Accomac Indians. When the Accomacs moved there, they became known as the Gingaskins. They continued to . . . Map (db m7605) HM
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36 Virginia, Northampton County, Eastville — Historic Northampton County Court Bell
This bell was installed in the attic of the 1899 Northampton County Courthouse during the original construction. When court was called into order, the Northampton County Sheriff would ring the bell and then stand out on the balcony and announce that . . . Map (db m155265) HM WM
37 Virginia, Northampton County, Eastville — WY-8 — Home of First Settler
Here, in Savage's Neck, was the home of Ensign Thomas Savage, who came to Virginia in 1608. Granted a tract of land by Debedeavon, the "Laughing King" of the indians, in 1619, Savage became the first permanent English settler on the Eastern Shore. A . . . Map (db m7606) HM
38 Virginia, Northampton County, Eastville — WY-8 — Home of the First Settler
Thomas Savage, a lad of thirteen, arrived at Jamestown on 2 Jan. 1608 with Capt. Christopher Newport on the ship John and Francis. John Smith later wrote, "The next day Newport came a shore....A boy named Thomas Savage (whom Newport called . . . Map (db m71857) HM
39 Virginia, Northampton County, Eastville — Northampton County Court Green
The Northampton County Court Green is one of the earliest and most complete in Virginia. It includes outstanding examples of early court buildings as well as later structures reflecting the continuity of government in Eastville for well over 300 . . . Map (db m7589) HM
40 Virginia, Northampton County, Eastville — Northampton County Veteran's Memorial
In Memory Of and Honor To the Brave Brave Men of Northampton County Who Lost Their Lives in Battle for Our Great Republic's Cause World War I Bell, Clarence Benjamin, Simon Cugler, Byron Davis, Alfred W. Edmonds, Thomas S. . . . Map (db m98851) WM
41 Virginia, Northampton County, Eastville — WY-10 — Old Courthouse
The courthouse was moved to Eastville in 1677, and court has been held here ever since. The old courthouse was built about 1731; from its door the Declaration of Independence was read, August 13, 1776. Militia barracks were here during the . . . Map (db m7587) HM
42 Virginia, Northampton County, Franktown — WY 11-a — Peter Jacob Carter
Born enslaved on 29 May 1845 near Eastville, Northampton County, Peter Jacob Carter served in the 10th United States Colored Troops during the Civil War and afterward attended Hampton Institute. He represented Northampton in the House of Delegates . . . Map (db m61450) HM
43 Virginia, Northampton County, Machipongo — Cauldronused for boiling seawater into salt Reported missing
Salt making began on the Eastern Shore of Virginia in the 1600's and continued until the early twentieth century. Salt was vital to Virginia. During the Civil War, Confederate soldiers from the Shore often defied the Union blockade of the . . . Map (db m107028) HM
44 Virginia, Northampton County, Machipongo — Edward Franklin and Dorothy "Dot" Wise Gibb
The development of this historic site is dedicated in honor of Edward Franklin and Dorothy "Dot" Wise Gibb who purchased and maintained these buildings and grounds for more than 45 years. Their foresight and support helped make possible the dream . . . Map (db m165128) HM
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45 Virginia, Northampton County, Machipongo — Grace and William Eyre
In memory of Grace and William Eyre who provided the land to the County of Northampton in 1803 for the Almshouse Farm.Map (db m165130) HM
46 Virginia, Northampton County, Machipongo — Gristmill Grindstones Reported missing
Numerous water-powered gristmills existed on the Eastern Shore of Virginia from the 1600's until as late as the 1930's. Water from streams or tides turned undershot waterwheels operating the sometimes very dangerous machinery used to rotate heavy . . . Map (db m107029) HM
47 Virginia, Northampton County, Machipongo — Northampton County Almshouse At Machipongo
In colonial times, the Church was responsible for the poor and received public tax money. This policy ended with the founding of the United States and the separation of church and state. Northampton County opened its almshouse in 1804. It . . . Map (db m107025) HM
48 Virginia, Northampton County, Machipongo — WY-72 — Northampton County High School
Constructed in 1953 as the county’s first purpose-built African American high school, Northampton County High School reflects the desires of local African Americans to obtain modern educational facilities. It is an example of the statewide efforts . . . Map (db m61057) HM
49 Virginia, Northampton County, Machipongo — Relic from Spanish Steamship
. . . Map (db m165127) HM
50 Virginia, Northampton County, Machipongo — Site of the Almshouse Farm at Machipongo
On October 9, 1803, William and Grace Eyre provided 51½ acres of land, the northeast corner of Eyre's "Hungars Plantation", to Northampton County to establish an almshouse. Shortly after 1804, the first almshouse for whites was built at this . . . Map (db m107019) HM
51 Virginia, Northampton County, Machipongo — The African American Almshouse
In 1910, a new facility for the African American poor of Northampton County was constructed by contractor David A. Dunton at a cost of $2,436.00 It consisted of a large common room and ten separate rooms for the residents, known as inmates. Each . . . Map (db m107023) HM
52 Virginia, Northampton County, Machipongo — The Barrier Islands CenterFebruary 29, 1996
The Barrier Islands Center is a museum and cultural center whose Mission is to preserve and perpetuate the culture and history of Virginia's barrier islands through education, the protection and collection of artifacts, and the interpretation of . . . Map (db m107021) HM
53 Virginia, Northampton County, Machipongo — The Quarter Kitchen
Eighteenth century brick structure with wooden addition. The wooden half probably dates to the 1840's. The bricks were handmade and are laid in the Flemish Bond pattern. The kitchen features a large pyramid chimney and fireplace, a . . . Map (db m107027) HM
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54 Virginia, Northampton County, Machipongo — Wooden Remnant
Wooden remnant from the British Schooner Esk of Lunenberg, Nova Scotia. Shipwrecked on Parramore Beach in 1888.Map (db m165129) HM
55 Virginia, Northampton County, Virginia Beach, South Thimble Island — Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel
Total project cost, building time and opening dates (No local, State or Federal Tax Money Used) North - $200,000,000 - 42 Months Opened April 15, 1964 South - $250,000,000 - 46 Months Opened April 19, 1999 Length 17.6 Miles Shore . . . Map (db m106569) HM
56 Virginia, Northampton County, Virginia Beach, South Thimble Island — Hampton Roads U.S. Navy ArmadaMission: Surface, Air & Subsurface Deterrence.
Surface-borne combatants conduct at-sea battle operations against air, surface, and subsurface enemies and protect sea lanes. Sub-surface combatants destroy enemy ships, primarily submarines, to prohibit the employment of such forces against . . . Map (db m106568) HM
57 Virginia, Northampton County, Virginia Beach, South Thimble Island — You are standing at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay,North America's largest estuary.
A vast and fragile ecosystem that extends through six states and empties into the Atlantic Ocean, the Chesapeake Bay region is a mosaic of land and water. Its ports, urban centers, suburbs, and farms are home to almost 17 million people, its . . . Map (db m195731) HM
58 Virginia, Northampton County, Willis Wharf — The Old Willis Wharf Storehouse
This historic structure is one of the few remaining old-time storehouses on Virginia's Eastern Shore. The front part of the building that faces the waterfront dates to the 1840s. It replaced a store that burned in 1837, along with a . . . Map (db m114499) HM
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Dec. 11, 2023