Between September 26 and October 8, 1864, General Philip Sheridan's troops worked their way north from Staunton to Cedar Creek, leaving behind destruction previously unseen in North America. ultimately spared, the Edinburg Mill was set ablaze like . . . — — Map (db m190830) HM
During Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's 1862 Valley campaign, Confederate Col. Turner Ashby's cavalry and Chew's Battery halted Union Maj Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks's steady advance southward. Ashby engaged Union forces 28 times in April along . . . — — Map (db m170016) HM
Laurel Brigade, Thos. L. Rosser, General
(The 7th Regiment was under Command of Col. Angus McDonald at the beginning of the war. He was succeeded by Col. Turner Ashby, afterwards Brigadier-General killed at Cross Keys. )
Officers: Not . . . — — Map (db m170015) WM
In 1850, George P. Grandstaff announced the opening of the large water-powered grist mill here nearly two years after construction began. This large facility competed with the Whissen Mill also on Stony Creek nearer the center of Edinburg. These . . . — — Map (db m25382) HM
Since its heroic salvation in 1864, the Edinburg Mill has been a source of pride in its contributions to our national story as well as our local economy. Yet, as the Edinburg Mill and its Museum grew in its historic and cultural significance into . . . — — Map (db m158274) HM
Schoolhouse bench from the Edinburg Graded School "Cedar Hill Academy". Opened in 1876-77, the School was used until 1933. The School housed grades 1 through 7 with 8th grade added in 1946-47. High School levels were designated as . . . — — Map (db m158264) HM
On March 28, 1862, just 2 days after his appointment to serve as cartographer on the staff of Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson, Jedediah Hotchkiss reported the Valley Army’s position at Narrow Passage Creek (four miles north of here) . . . — — Map (db m25375) HM
March 26, 1862: “In the morning our battalion was ordered back to Narrow Passage, … near the rest of the army. Hd. Qrs. were established at Miss Stover’s, in the stone house, near Narrow Passage Creek. Soon after we reached camp, Gen. Jackson . . . — — Map (db m22746) HM
Once the farmer had removed the grain from the straw it would be run through the wheat fan twice; first through the coarse riddle to remove the chaff; the second time through the fine riddle to take out the "white caps" leaving only the clean . . . — — Map (db m158269) HM
Once the farmer had removed the grain from the straw it would be run through the wheat fan twice; first through the course riddle to remove the chaff; the second time through the fine riddle to take out the "white caps" leaving only the clean . . . — — Map (db m158272) HM
Dedicated to the memory of these men from Madison District who died in the service of our country in World War II
Harry S. Walter •
Russell Clinedinst •
Billy P. Wolfe •
C. Richard Lantz •
Joseph S. Dalton •
Alger E. Holler • . . . — — Map (db m158280) WM
The Union victory at the Third Battle of Winchester on September 19, 1864, affected the moods of both armies as they prepared to face each other at Fisher’s Hill. Union Lt. John M. Gould wrote, “I marched down that road [toward Fisher’s Hill] with a . . . — — Map (db m182413) HM
September 22, 1864 General Philip Sheridan with 30,000 Federals defeated General Jubal Early with 11,000 Confederates. Driven in route from Winchester September 19, by Sheridan's overpowering numbers, Early formed his line of battle across the . . . — — Map (db m4139) HM
After his defeat on 19 Sept. 1864 at the Third Battle of Winchester by Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early led his 9,500-man army here to Fisher's Hill, a favorite Confederate stronghold. Sheridan pursued, and on 22 Sept. attacked . . . — — Map (db m50313) HM
Three women who achieved national prominence for their creative endeavors, but were later largely forgotten, lived near Fishers Hill during the 1880's. Landscape artist Bertha Von Hillern (ca. 1857-1939), once renowned as a competitive endurance . . . — — Map (db m194708) HM
As Ramseur’s division gave way under the weight of the Federal attack, Gen. Jubal A. Early arrived on the high ground in front of you on the opposite side of present-day Interstate 81 to organize a defense. He ﬁrst decided to redeploy Gen. . . . — — Map (db m88615) HM
As Crook’s corps encountered small-arms ﬁre from Gen. Cullen A. Battle’s brigade and the canister from the Amherst and Fluvanna batteries, a handful of Federals halted for a moment or turned and attempted to run. Enraged, Crook gathered an . . . — — Map (db m88618) HM
As Gen. George Crook’s corps struck the Confederate left ﬂank, Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur responded quickly. He reformed Gen. Cullen A. Battle’s Alabama infantry brigade on the high ground on the opposite side of the ravine in front of you so . . . — — Map (db m88619) HM
To strengthen Fisher’s Hill’s defenses, Confederate skirmishers from Confederate Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur’s division took up positions on the ridge in front of you and constructed “bull pens”— makeshift structures of fence rails covered with earth. . . . — — Map (db m88621) HM
You are standing near the extreme left ﬂank of Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early’s army’s thinly stretched line of infantry guarded by Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur’s division. Throughout the day on September 22, 1864, Confederate observers utilized . . . — — Map (db m88622) HM
Fearing for the ability of Battle’s brigade to withstand Crook’s assault, Ramseur ordered Gen. William R. Cox’s North Carolina brigade to form on Battle’s left ﬂank to your left. As Cox, regarded as one of the ﬁnest-dressed men in the . . . — — Map (db m155820) HM
During a council of war on September 20, 1864, Gen. George Crook suggested to Gen. Philip H. Sheridan that the best way to break the Confederate position at Fisher’s Hill would be to attack Early’s western (left) ﬂank. Sheridan agreed. . . . — — Map (db m182415) HM
This is Fisher's Hill, the Shenandoah Valley's "Gibraltar"—a commanding height that offered Confederate forces a superb defensive position.
Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early's beaten and bloodied army filed into position here on September 20, . . . — — Map (db m4169) HM
You are standing behind the extreme left flank of Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early's thinly stretched infantry line. At 4 p.m. on September 22, 1864, the soldiers here found themselves wrapped in a deadly pocket of Federal fire. Union Gen. Philip . . . — — Map (db m4170) HM
Soon after the end of the Civil War, veterans on both sides began holding reunions to walk the familiar battlegrounds and renew friendships with former comrades. Here at Fisher's Hill, veterans of the battle fought on September 22, 1864, started . . . — — Map (db m4146) HM
1864 Valley Campaign Here on Tumbling Run are the remains of the "Old Pike" stone bridge. The Valley Turnpike Company was chartered in 1838 as a joint-stock corporation. The turnpike followed the route of the Great Wagon Road from Philadelphia . . . — — Map (db m4171) HM
Built in the 1750s by the Zirkel brothers and owned by the Revolutionary War patriot Andrew Zirkle, the mill operated for 180 years. Flour milled here went to Boston when the harbor was blockaded after the Boston Tea Party and to the Continental . . . — — Map (db m5276) HM
The Army with Shovels.
By 1933, the Great Depression had demoralized the nation. Millions of young men were unemployed and families were starving. On March 9, 1933 Franklin Delano Roosevelt created the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Its . . . — — Map (db m10158) HM
Each CCC Camp had a blacksmith shop where they forged and repaired tools. Items such as fireplace tools, hinges or lantern poles were crafted for use in the camp. In 1940 the CCC printed an educational handbook called Blacksmithing. Unit No. . . . — — Map (db m94568) HM
Camp Roosevelt, NF-1 had six military style barracks where enrollees slept on iron cots. Each barracks held 48 young, poor and previously unemployed men. This is the site of Barracks A. — — Map (db m65483) HM
This building was erected in the year of Our Lord nineteen hundred and forty-nine by the Brethren of the Church of God in Christ Jesus, organized November 2, 1878 at Dry Run Meeting House.
It was dedicated to God
by Elder G. E. Marsh
on July . . . — — Map (db m102476) HM
Good and plentiful food was a rare treat for many Americans during the Great Depression. The Mess Hall served over 200 men a day and enrollees gained an average of 15 pounds during their stay. In addition to regular meals, the Mess Hall was a hub of . . . — — Map (db m65739) HM
"By virtue of the authority vested in me as president of the United States...the Massanutten Unit of George Washington National Forest is hereby designated as the Robert Fechner Memorial Forest in honor of Robert Fechner, the first director of the . . . — — Map (db m65487) HM
The Elizabeth Furnace Cabin This cabin is one of the few wooden structures remaining from the early 1800s when Elizabeth Furnace was active and pig iron was king. In its heyday, Elizabeth Furnace pig iron supported an entire community. The . . . — — Map (db m3102) HM
During the colonial era, this park was part of a 230 acre Glebe Farm. It was owned by Beckford Parish, the local division of the established Anglican Church. They used it to support their minister, Revolutionary War figure Peter Muhlenberg. . . . — — Map (db m158533) HM
As October 9, 1864, dawned, a line of poorly armed mounted Confederate soldiers shook themselves awake along Jordan Run. A fog, thickened by smoke from multiple fires, greeted their eyes. The haze, however, did not deter the troopers' desire to . . . — — Map (db m208658) HM
This gazebo is dedicated in memory to
Mayor Joseph A. "Joe" Williams"
Joe was our mayor from his astounding "write-in" victory in 1998 until his sudden passing in 2013. Under his leadership our beautiful Town Hall was constructed as was . . . — — Map (db m158260) HM
In the predawn darkness of 3 Oct. 1864, Capt. John Hanson McNeill led thirty of his Partisan Rangers, including local resident Joseph I. Triplett, against a hundred-man detachment of the 8th Ohio Cavalry Regiment that was guarding the Meems Bottom . . . — — Map (db m157056) HM
This area was a Native American hunting territory
before settlers of European descent arrived early in
the 18th century. Fertile land and powerful streams
supported an agricultural and milling economy. In
1826 the Virginia General Assembly . . . — — Map (db m108888) HM
In September 1861, the Confederate Medical Department built a large general hospital on this site because Mt. Jackson was the western terminus of the Manassas Gap Railroad which provided access to northern Virginia battlefields. Dr. Andrew Russell . . . — — Map (db m156947) HM
In September 1861, the Confederate Medical Department built a large general hospital on this site because Mt. Jackson was the western terminus of the Manassas Gap Railroad, which provided access to northern Virginia battlefields. Dr. Andrew Russell . . . — — Map (db m156946) HM
The Mount Jackson Confederate Hospital’s cemetery,
now called Our Soldiers Cemetery, was dedicated on May 10, 1866 the third anniversary of Stonewall Jackson’s death. The “Memorial and Decoration Day” organized by the local ladies was . . . — — Map (db m156950) HM
The Confederate Hospital was established at Mount Jackson under the direction of Dr. Andres Russell Meem by order of the Confederate Medical Department in Richmond, Virginia about September 15, 1861. Dr. Meem, a native of the area, was a graduate of . . . — — Map (db m156952) HM
The Confederate hospital was built here under the direction of Dr. Andrew Russell Meem, by order of the Confederate Medical Department in Sept. 1861. The hospital consisted of three two-story buildings, each 150 feet long, accommodating 500 . . . — — Map (db m156948) HM
Mount Jackson Chapter of
"Ne'er braver bled for a brighter land,
Nor brighter land had a cause so grand".
"Nor shall your glory be forgot.
While fame her record . . . — — Map (db m156951) WM
Built through the efforts of Mrs. William Steenbergen, the church has served as a meeting place for Mt. Jackson churches. The cemetery represents a history of the town and its early citizens. Daniel Grey, a Revolutionary War soldier, is buried in . . . — — Map (db m156955) HM
Department of the Army
United States of America
"This, we'll defend"
Department of the Navy
United States Marine Corps
"(Always Faithful)" br>
Department of the Navy
United . . . — — Map (db m158239) HM
In front of you is one of only two monuments erected by veterans of the battle. This one was placed by members of Woodson’s Company of Missouri Cavalry. The unit followed perhaps the strangest path to this field of conflict.
Captured in . . . — — Map (db m13197) HM
Erected to the memory of the heroic dead of the 54th Regiment, Pennsylvania Veterans Volunteer Infantry, who gave their lives in defence of their country. 1861–1865.
(brass tablet at base) At ceremonies conducted 16 September . . . — — Map (db m42449) WM
This very post was struck by a 3 inch rifle shell fired by Snow’s Maryland Battery in the Battle of New Market fought between General John C. Breckinridge and General Franz Sigel on the 15th of May 1864. When the shell struck, General Breckinridge . . . — — Map (db m557) HM
While the cadets of the Virginia Military Institute comprised one of the smallest Confederate units engaged in the Battle of New Market, they paid a disproportionately high price in their baptism of fire. Nearly one in four of the cadets were . . . — — Map (db m13186) HM
As the Battle of New Market unfolded on May 15, 1864, Confederate Gen. John C. Breckinridge's men heavily assaulted the left flank of Union Gen. Franz Sigel's army. Sigel counterattacked, sending Gen. Julius Stahel's cavalry charging down the . . . — — Map (db m158184) HM
General U.S. Grant's plan to defeat the Confederacy in 1864, called for a raid by General G. Crook into southwestern Virginia. General F. Sigel, to keep the Confederates from concentrating against Crook, was to advance down Shenandoah Valley from . . . — — Map (db m201543) HM
On the hills to the north took place the Battle of New Market, May 15, 1864. The Union army, under General Franz Sigel, faced southwest. John C. Breckinridge, once Vice-President of the United States, commanded the Confederates. Colonel Scott Shipp . . . — — Map (db m554) HM
On 15 Nov. 1863, Col. William H. Boyd reconnoitered with a Federal cavalry and artillery detachment south from Charlestown (in present-day W.Va.) toward New Market. The next day, the force encountered Maj. Robert White’s cavalry command just north . . . — — Map (db m157057) HM
Of the 257 cadets from Virginia Military Institute who fought in the Battle of New Market, ten were either killed outright or later died of their wounds. Their legacy of service and sacrifice has inspired each successive generation of cadets. . . . — — Map (db m173249) HM
Here Capt. Henry DuPont, commanding B Battery, 5th U.S. Artillery, protected Union Gen. Franz Sigel’s defeated army as it retreated after the Battle of New Market on May 15, 1864. Confederate Gen. John C. Breckinridge had routed Sigel’s force . . . — — Map (db m838) HM
Here ran the Fairfax Line, surveyed in 1746 to mark the southwestern boundary of the Northern Neck Proprietary, a 5.2-million-acre land grant inherited by Thomas, 6th Lord Fairfax. The grant encompassed all the land between the Rappahannock and . . . — — Map (db m165410) HM
Frontiersman - famed Indian fighter - Revolutionary patriot - Co-Commander Battle of King's Mountain - first Governor of Tennessee and six times Governor - first Congressman west of the Blue Ridge Mountains.
Founder of New Market, Va in 1765. His . . . — — Map (db m11698) HM
The main Union line of battle extended from here for one-half mile to the Valley Turnpike, now U.S. 11. Throughout the morning and into the afternoon, the Union force exchanged musket and cannon fire with the Confederates, who had advanced over a . . . — — Map (db m13203) HM
In memory of General Robert E. Lee and in commemoration of General "Stonewall" Jackson's march with his 17,000 famous foot cavalry across Massannutten Mountain to the Battles of Front Royal and Winchester, May 21, 1862.
This tablet erected May . . . — — Map (db m118638) HM
Noah enlisted May 18th 1861 with Company G 33rd Virginia Infantry Confederate States of America. On September 28th 1862 he transferred to Company K 12th Virginia Cavalry with whom he remained throughout the war.
He helped make the first . . . — — Map (db m158196) HM
Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackon's unsuccessful attack on Union forces at Kernstown on March 23, 1862, alarmed Federal officials, who assigned additional troops to the Shenandoah Valley to guard against a Confederate assault on . . . — — Map (db m118879) HM
What is a Watershed?
The land area from which surface runoff drains into stream channels, lakes, reservoirs, or other body of water, also called a drainage basin.
Shenandoah River History:
The Shenandoah River has . . . — — Map (db m158181) HM
The Battle of New Market began here at 2:00 p.m. when 4,500 Confederates, under the command of Generals John C. Breckinridge and Gabriel C. Wharton, attacked 6,000 Federal troops who had established this hill as their first defensie position. Fully . . . — — Map (db m158157) HM WM