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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Culpeper County, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Culpeper County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Culpeper County, VA (162) Fauquier County, VA (116) Madison County, VA (50) Orange County, VA (160) Rappahannock County, VA (73) Spotsylvania County, VA (394) Stafford County, VA (203)  CulpeperCounty(162) Culpeper County (162)  FauquierCounty(116) Fauquier County (116)  MadisonCounty(50) Madison County (50)  OrangeCounty(160) Orange County (160)  RappahannockCounty(73) Rappahannock County (73)  SpotsylvaniaCounty(394) Spotsylvania County (394)  StaffordCounty(203) Stafford County (203)
Culpeper is the county seat for Culpeper County
Adjacent to Culpeper County, Virginia
      Fauquier County (116)  
      Madison County (50)  
      Orange County (160)  
      Rappahannock County (73)  
      Spotsylvania County (394)  
      Stafford County (203)  
 
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Virginia, Culpeper County, Amissville — G-9 — Campaign of Second Manassas
On Lee Highway (U.S. 211) at Reedville Road (Virginia Route 229), on the right when traveling east on Lee Highway.
Here Lee and Jackson had their headquarters. Here, August 24, 1862, they formed the plan to attack Pope’s line of supply and bring him to battle before McClellan could join him.Map (db m23959) HM
2Virginia, Culpeper County, Amissville — Z-124 — Culpeper County / Rappahannock County
On Lee Highway (U.S. 211) at Waterloo Road / Wildwood Circle (County Route 613), on the right when traveling east on Lee Highway.
Culpeper County. Area 284 square miles. Formed in 1748 from Orange, and named for Lord Culpeper, Governor of Virginia 1680–1683. The battle of Cedar Mountain, 1862, was fought in this county. Rappahannock County. . . . Map (db m8293) HM
3Virginia, Culpeper County, Amissville — C-8 — Stuart's Ride Around Pope
On Old Bridge Road (County Route 622) at Waterloo Road (County Route 613), on the right when traveling north on Old Bridge Road.
Stuart, starting here with his cavalry on August 22, 1862, rode around Pope's army to Catlett's Station. He destroyed supplies and army material and captured Pope's headquarters wagons.Map (db m7729) HM
4Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationThe Largest Cavalry Battle of the Civil War
On Beverly Ford Road (County Route 677) at St. James Church Road (County Route 676) on Beverly Ford Road.
Confederate horsemen numbering 9500 under the command of Gen. J.E.B. Stuart were concentrated around Brandy Station in preparation of the upcoming raid into Pennsylvania - which would culminate at Gettysburg. The Federal army, being aware of the . . . Map (db m4364) HM
5Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationThe largest cavalry action of the war
On Fleetwood Heights Road (County Route 685), on the right when traveling east.
Following his stunning victory at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee formulated a plan to invade the North. In preparation for his army's secret withdrawal from Fredericksburg, Lee ordered his cavalry into Culpeper County . . . Map (db m91461) HM
6Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationHeadquarters Hill
On Fleetwood Heights Road (Virginia Route 685) near Stuart Lane, on the right when traveling east.
John Strode, a prominent Revolutionary War gun manufacturer, built his manor house, Fleetwood, in the late 1700s. Strode was a friend of President Thomas Jefferson, who often stayed here when traveling between Monticello and Washington, D.C. The . . . Map (db m97488) HM
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7Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationBattle for Fleetwood Hill
On Fleetwood Heights Road (Virginia Route 685) at Stuart Lane, on the right when traveling east on Fleetwood Heights Road.
On the evening of June 8, 1863, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and his headquarters staff camped on the northern edge of Fleetwood Hill. Early the next morning, heavy gunfire from the direction of Beverly's Ford (three miles to your left rear), . . . Map (db m97490) HM
8Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationThe Winter Camp of 1863-1864
On Fleetwood Heights Road (Virginia Route 685) at Stuart Lane, on the right when traveling east on Fleetwood Heights Road.
The 1863 campaigns for Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Bristoe Station, and Mine Run exacted an immense toll upon the Army of the Potomac. Union Gen. George G. Meade deemed it vital to rest his command. War Department officials also used this . . . Map (db m97493) HM
9Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationBattle's Wake
On Fleetwood Heights Road (Virginia Route 685) at Stuart Lane when traveling east on Fleetwood Heights Road.
Driven from Fleetwood Hill, the Union cavalry pulled back toward the Rappahannock River and halted just beyond cannon range. Observing that the sullen Federals refused to depart, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart consolidated his defensive line around . . . Map (db m97494) HM
10Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationConfederate Counterattack
On Fleetwood Heights Road (Virginia Route 685) at Stuart Lane, on the right when traveling east on Fleetwood Heights Road.
Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart realized that his headquarters here was overrun and that Gen. William E. Jones's Brigade was fighting to survive. Stuart ordered Gen. Wade Hampton's Brigade to fall back from the St. James Church line and recapture . . . Map (db m97495) HM
11Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationKilpatrick's Attack
On Fleetwood Heights Road (Virginia Route 685) at Stuart Lane, on the right when traveling east on Fleetwood Heights Road.
Col. H. Judson Kilpatrick formed his brigade on an open plateau to the southeast of Fleetwood Hill, 900 yards from here. He soon received orders to support Lt. Col. Percy Wyndham's Brigade, now fiercely engaged with Gen. William E. Jones's Brigade . . . Map (db m97499) HM
12Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationWyndham's Attack
On Fleetwood Heights Road (Virginia Route 685) at Stuart Lane, on the right when traveling east on Fleetwood Heights Road.
Union Lt. Col. Percy Wyndham advanced his command from Brandy Station and centered his attack on this spot. To your right, the 1st New Jersey Cavalry ascended the slope. The 1st Maryland Cavalry occupied the center, and to your left, circling around . . . Map (db m97501) HM
13Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationJune 9, 1863 Stevensburg Area
Near Stevensburg Road south of Coles Hill Road, on the left when traveling south.
After crossing at Kelley's Ford, Col. Duffie's division on their way to Stevensburg, were met by a small Confederate force just east of Stevensburg, on Hansboro Ridge. Duffie's huge force easily pushed through the Confederates who were badly . . . Map (db m103532) HM
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14Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationHeights & Sights to the North & East
Near Fleetwood Heights Road (Virginia Route 685) at Stuart Lane, on the right when traveling east.
The commanding view from Fleetwood Hill rendered this “Famous Plateau” an ideal observation post during the war. Today the view looks much as it did in the 1860s. 1. STONY MOUNTAIN The headwaters of the Rapidan River flow from . . . Map (db m131546) HM
15Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy Station
On Fleetwood Heights Road (County Route 685), on the right when traveling east.
Greatest cavalry battle of the Civil War • Fought June 9, 1863 • Gen. J.E.B. Stuart defeated Gen. A. Pleasonton Confederates engaged 10,200. Federals 10,900 Casualties, Confederates, 485, Federals 866 This is Fleetwood Hill The crucial position . . . Map (db m154490) HM
16Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationHeights & Sights to the South & West
Near Fleetwood Heights Road (Virginia Route 685) at Stuart Lane, on the right when traveling east.
The commanding view from Fleetwood Hill rendered this “Famous Plateau” an ideal observation post during the war. Today the view looks much as it did in the 1860s. 1. COLE’S HILL During the winter of 1864, Federal Second Corps . . . Map (db m154527) HM
17Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — F-11 — Battle of Brandy Station
On James Madison Highway (U.S. 15/29) south of Berry Hill Road, on the right when traveling south.
Here on 9 June 1863, the largest cavalry battle in North America occurred when 9,500 troopers fought 8,000 cavalrymen under Union Brig. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton. This daylong battle, the opening engagement of the Gettysburg campaign, erupted when the . . . Map (db m2574) HM
18Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Battle of Kelly's FordThe Chancellorsville Campaign
On Newbys Shop Road (Virginia Route 673), on the right when traveling north.
On January 25, 1863, Union general Joseph "Fighting Joe" Hooker replaced Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside as the fifth commander of the demoralized eastern armies in less than two years. On taking charge of the Army of the Potomac, Hooker implemented . . . Map (db m154485) HM
19Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Battle of Kelly's FordUnion Cavalry Comes of Age
On Newbys Shop Road (Virginia Route 673), on the right when traveling north.
On March 17, 1863, Union Gen. William W. Averell led 2,100 horsemen to the northern bank of the Rappahannock River at Kelly's Ford, four miles in front of you, under orders to "rout or destroy" Confederate Gen. Fitzhugh Lee and his cavalry command . . . Map (db m154487) HM
20Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — F-12 — Betty Washington
On Brandy Road (Business U.S. 15/29) at James Madison Highway (U.S. 15/29), on the right when traveling east on Brandy Road.
Two miles south is the grave of Betty Washington Lewis, the younger sister of George Washington. She was born in Westmoreland County in 1733 and married Fielding Lewis in May 1750, becoming his second wife. Her husband purchased land in 1752 and . . . Map (db m4429) HM
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21Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — George C. HuppBattle of Brandy Station — Fleetwood Hill —
On Fleetwood Heights Road (Route 865) 0.1 miles east of Stuart Lane.
George C. Hupp, Sergeant in K Company, 8th Illinois Cavalry, was wounded at Brandy Station Battlefield on June 9, 1863. In his Memory Great-Great-Great Grandson William J. Hupp, Glen Ellyn, Illinois, happily made a leadership . . . Map (db m154528) WM
22Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Graffiti House
On Brandy Road (Virginia Route 762) 0.1 miles east of Carrico Mills Road (Route 663), on the right when traveling east.
Graffiti House has been registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark pursuant to the authority vested in the Virginia Board of Historic Resources Graffiti House has been placed on the National Register of Historic . . . Map (db m170747) HM
23Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Hansborough Ridge
On Stevensburg Road (County Route 663), on the right when traveling north.
The Battle of Brandy Station actually occurred in several locations, miles apart. A mile in front of you is Hansborough Ridge. Late in the morning of June 9, 1863, a division of the Union Cavalry under Col. Alfred Duffie approached the ridge from . . . Map (db m103534) HM
24Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — In Memory of Major John Pelham
On Brandy Road (County Route 762) just east of Carrico Mills Road (Route 669), on the left when traveling east.
(south face) In memory of Major John Pelham. Born Sept. 7, 1838 in Calhoun Co. Ala. Mortally wounded March 17, 1863 near Kelley’s Ford, Va. (east face) Base stone from Kelly’s Ford battlefield near spot where Pelham fell. . . . Map (db m154526) HM
25Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — Norman's Mills Ford
Near Stevensburg Road south of Coles Hill Road, on the left when traveling south.
Serving the public as a crossing of Mountain Run on the Carolina Road (Raleigh to Philadelphia) from Colonial days until 1900, when a single lane, three span, steel truss bridge was constructed, just west of the dam. This bridge was replaced in the . . . Map (db m103529) HM
26Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — F-13 — Opening of the Gettysburg Campaign
On Brandy Road (County Route 762), on the right when traveling east.
On this plain Lee reviewed his cavalry, June 8, 1863. The next day the cavalry battle of Brandy Station was fought. On June 10, Ewell's Corps, from its camp near here, began the march to Pennsylvania.Map (db m4428) HM
27Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — St. James Episcopal Church
On St. James Church Road (Virginia Route 676) 0.2 miles north of Beverly Ford Road (Virginia Route 677), on the left when traveling north.
Original Site of St. James Episcopal Church 1840-1863Map (db m82295) HM
28Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — The 1863-64 Winter EncampmentThe Federal Army of the Potomac Rebuilds
On Beverly Ford Road (County Route 677) at St. James Church Road (County Route 676), on the left when traveling north on Beverly Ford Road.
On the night of December 1, 1863, following its unsuccessful advance against Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia during the Mine Run Campaign, a cold and tired Army of the Potomac withdrew across the Rapidan River and returned to . . . Map (db m4370) HM
29Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — The 1863-64 Winter Encampment The Army of the Potomac at Brandy Station
On Brandy Road.
War has many faces and the residents of Culpeper County saw them all. Brandy Station played an important role in the Battle of Brandy Station on June 9, 1863, though the Union and Confederate armies never clashed in the streets of the little town. A . . . Map (db m4427) HM
30Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — The 1863-64 Winter EncampmentThe Calm Before the Storm
Near Beverly Ford Road (County Route 677) at St. James Church Road (County Route 676), on the left when traveling north.
The 1863-1864 winter encampment proved a busy time for the Army of the Potomac. "There was something fascinating about our winter city of 100,000 men," a staff officer recalled. "Many pleasant recollections cluster around the old camp at Brandy . . . Map (db m190831) HM
31Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationBuying Time on the Beverly Ford Road
On Beverly Ford Road (County Route 676), on the right when traveling north.
Both Union and Confederate armies used horse artillery to assist cavalry. When firing erupted at Beverly Ford on the morning of June 9, 1863, Major Robert F. Beckham's battalion of Confederate horse artillery (16 guns and some 500 men) was encamped . . . Map (db m4415) HM
32Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationRooney Lee's Fighting Retreat
Near Beverly Ford Road (Route 676), on the right when traveling north.
The Federal forces of Brig. Gen. John Buford, Brig. Gen. David Gregg, and Col. Thomas Devin (whose command held the area around St. James Church) had almost encircled the Confederates, though none of the Union commanders had planned it so. Unknown . . . Map (db m4418) HM
33Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationThe Struggle for Fleetwood Hill
On Fleetwood Heights Road (County Route 685), on the right when traveling east.
After Col. Wyndham's assaults, Col. Judson Kilpatrick's Federal brigade crossed the Orange and Alexandria Railroad and stormed Fleetwood Hill from the southeast. The fight for Fleetwood Hill - a classic cavalry battle fought on horseback - became a . . . Map (db m4421) HM
34Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationThe Race for Fleetwood Hill
On Fleetwood Heights Road (County Route 685), on the right when traveling east.
Here the old Carolina Road crosses the southern part of Fleetwood Hill, some of the highest ground in the area. On the slope ahead of you Maj. Gen. James Ewell Brown (J.E.B.) Stuart, commander of Robert E. Lee's cavalry, pitched his headquarters . . . Map (db m4424) HM
35Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationConfederate Line of Defense at St. James Church
On St. James Church Road (Route 676) at Beverly Ford Road (Route 677), on the right when traveling west on St. James Church Road.
Several hundred yards behind you, in the copse of trees, is the site of the St. James Church. Union soldiers tore down the small brick structure for materials to make their quarters during the winter of 1863-1864, when the Army of the Potomac . . . Map (db m154488) HM
36Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationThe Civil War in Culpeper County
On Beverly Ford Road (County Route 676), on the right when traveling north.
On June 9, 1863, the Civil War visited the river fords, farmer's fields and rolling hills near Brandy Station. During the intense daylong fighting that swirled all around the little town, Confederate and Union horsemen clashed in the largest cavalry . . . Map (db m156293) HM
37Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationThe Stone Wall on the Cunningham Farm
Near Beverly Ford Road (Route 676), on the right when traveling north.
Failing to break through Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's Confederates at St. James Church, Brig. Gen. John Buford swung his force north and west to turn the Confederate left flank. Confederate Brig. Gen. William Henry Fitzhugh "Rooney" Lee, son of Robert . . . Map (db m167004) HM
38Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationCharging the Confederate Guns
Near Beverly Ford Road (County Route 677) at St. James Church Road (County Route 676), on the left when traveling north.
By 7 a.m. on June 9, Brig. Gen. John Buford had his Union troops in position. Brig. Gen. Adelbert Ames' Federal brigade of infantry straddled the Beverly Ford Road. To Ames' left (where the airport is now) was the 1st Cavalry Division, commanded by . . . Map (db m202996) HM
39Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationSurprises at the Crossing
On Beverly Ford Road (County Route 676), on the right when traveling north.
Rivers and river crossings played an important role in many Civil War battles, including the Battle of Brandy Station. A mile northwest of this spot is the site of Beverly Ford, where the cavalry of both the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and . . . Map (db m203006) HM
40Virginia, Culpeper County, Brandy Station — The Hold at Mountain RunDeath of Farley and Wounding of Butler
On Stevensburg Road near County Route 663, on the right when traveling north.
June 9, 1863 - 12:30 pm to 3:00 pm This map prepared from the first hand account of Col. Butler, other historians, and the personal account of the family, who in the early 1950s cleared, leveled and ditched this bottom for cultivation, . . . Map (db m103533) HM
41Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — “Gallant” Pelham’s Last DaysThe Virginia House and Shackelford House
On North Main Street (Business U.S. 15), on the right when traveling north.
Confederate cavalry chief Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and Maj. John Pelham, the commander of Stuart’s Horse Artillery, frequented the Virginia House Hotel and often visited the Shackelford family across the street. A warm friendship developed between . . . Map (db m12496) HM
42Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 1002 South East Street
On South East Street just south of Walters Street, on the right when traveling south.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170708) HM
43Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 10th Maine Volunteer Infantry
On U.S. Avenue, on the left when traveling east.
(Front):To the memory of Twenty-two officers and soldiers of the 10th Maine Volunteer Infantry killed at Cedar Mountain, Va., August 9th, 1862. (Back): Capt. Andrew C. Cloudman Co. E. 1st Lieut. James C. Folsom, Co. H. Sergt. George . . . Map (db m13454) HM
44Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 28th Regiment New York State Volunteer Infantry
On U.S. Avenue, on the left when traveling east.
28th Regt. New York State Volunteer Infantry 1st Brig. 1st Div. 12th Corps Army of the Potomac Organized at Albany, N.Y., May 18, 1861 in response to the first call for volunteers. Mustered into the United States service for two years, May 22, . . . Map (db m13459) HM
45Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 28th Reg't New York State
Near Dove Hill Road (Virginia Route 642) west of James Madison Highway (U.S. 15), on the right when traveling north.
Volunteer Infantry Aug. 9, 1862 Erected 1902Map (db m184137) HM
46Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 406 South East Street
On South East Street just south of East Stevens Street, on the right when traveling south.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Street Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170187) HM
47Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 410 South East Street
On South East Street just south of East Stevens Street, on the right when traveling south.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Street Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170186) HM
48Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 46th Pennsylvania Infantry
Near Dove Hill Road (Virginia Route 642) west of James Madison Highway (U.S. 15), on the right when traveling north.
46 Penn. Inf Aug. 9, 1862 Charged across wheat field against Stonewall Jackson's command. Engaged, 504 Loss, 244Map (db m183947) HM
49Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 501 South East Street
On South East Street at East Scanlon Street, on the left when traveling south on South East Street.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Street Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170188) HM
50Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 505 South East Street
On South East Street just north of East Chandler Street (Virginia Route 699), on the right when traveling north.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170728) HM
51Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 509 South East Street
On South East Street at East Chandler Street (Virginia Route 699), on the right when traveling north on South East Street.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170726) HM
52Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 601 South East Street
On South East Street just south of East Chandler Street (Virginia Route 699), on the right when traveling north.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170723) HM
53Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 605 South East Street
On South East Street just south of East Chandler Street (Virginia Route 699), on the right when traveling south.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170722) HM
54Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 701 South East Street
On South East Street just north of East Mason Street, on the right when traveling north.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170718) HM
55Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 702 South East Street
On South East Street just south of East Asher Street, on the right when traveling south.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170731) HM
56Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 705 South East Street
On South East Street just north of East Mason Street, on the right when traveling north.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170716) HM
57Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 805 South East Street
On South East Street just south of East Mason Street, on the right when traveling north.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170714) HM
58Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 806 South East Street
On South East Street just south of East Mason Street, on the right when traveling south.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170733) HM
59Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 810 South East Street
On South East Street just south of East Mason Street, on the right when traveling south.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170734) HM
60Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 901 South East Street
On South East Street just north of Walters Street, on the right when traveling north.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170711) HM
61Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 902 South East Street
On South East Street just north of Walters Street, on the left when traveling north.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170710) HM
62Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — 914 South East Street
On South East Street just north of Walters Street, on the right when traveling north.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170712) HM
63Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — A National Cemetery System
On US Avenue, 0.1 miles east of East Stevens Street, on the right when traveling east.
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union . . . Map (db m185505) HM
64Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — A Tribute to Black Americans – Early 1900’sLower End of E. Davis, Commerce Streets — Town of Culpeper, Virginia —
On Commerce Street at Wausau Place, on the left when traveling north on Commerce Street.
The area to the south was the center of commerce in the early 1900’s. It was here that retail shops, repair shops, hardware stores, restaurants, hotels and services flourished. In this era, blacks owned and operated nearly half the businesses in the . . . Map (db m8637) HM
65Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — A.P. Hill's Boyhood Home
On West Davis Street at North Main Street (Business U.S. 15 / 29), on the right when traveling west on West Davis Street.
Ambrose Powell Hill, who went by the name Powell, son of a prominent Culpeper planter and merchant, lived in this house from age 4 until he entered West Point at age 16. Named for an uncle and small in stature, the citizens of Culpeper knew him as . . . Map (db m12684) HM
66Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Battle of Brandy StationGettysburg Campaign — June 9, 1863 —
On Fleetwood Heights Road (Virginia Route 685) at Stuart Lane, on the right when traveling east on Fleetwood Heights Road.
This hallowed ground witnessed a furious struggle during the largest cavalry action of the Civil War in the opening engagement of the Gettysburg Campaign. This portion of the Brandy Station is preserved with the help of a Federal . . . Map (db m131512) HM
67Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Battle of Cedar Mountain
On General Winder Road (County Route 657) at James Madison Highway (U.S. 15), on the right when traveling west on General Winder Road.
Fought August 9, 1862. A Confederate victory. • Commanders • Confederate, Gen. T.J. "Stonewall" Jackson Federals, Gen. John Pope Casualties, Confederate, 1369. Federal, 2263 • Gen. C.S. Winder, C.S.A. fell here • This is the only battlefield on . . . Map (db m180942) HM
68Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Battle of Cedar MountainThe Jaws of Defeat
Near General Winder Road (Virginia Route 657) 0.3 miles north of James Madison Highway (U.S. 15), on the right when traveling west. Reported missing.
While Union Gen. Christopher C. Augur's division battled in the cornfield to your left, Union Gen. Alpheus S. Williams launched his own attack across the field where you now stand, which was then broken by shocks of tall wheat. The death of Gen. . . . Map (db m184365) HM
69Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Battle of Cedar Mountain"Jackson is with you!"
Near General Winder Road (Virginia Route 657) 0.3 miles north of James Madison Highway (U.S. 15), on the right when traveling west.
"The rattle of musketry, the shouting, cheering and yelling was deafening. The smoke of battle ... made it impossible to see but a short distance. The leaves and small limbs were falling thick and the bark from the timber flying in every . . . Map (db m184967) HM
70Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Battle of Cedar MountainThe Crittenden Gate
On General Winder Road (Virginia Route 657) 0.3 miles north of James Madison Highway (U.S. 15), on the right when traveling west. Reported missing.
"The infantry were posted in line of battle on the right of the battery, and cheerfully awaited the order which would bring them more actively into the deadly conflict." —Gen. John Pope, USA "I have come to help whip the Yankees . . . Map (db m185346) HM
71Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — F-19 — Battle of Cedar Mountain
On James Madison Highway (U.S. 15) at Madison Road, on the right when traveling south on James Madison Highway.
During the afternoon of 9 Aug. 1862, Confederate Maj. Gen. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson's division led by Maj. Gen. Richard S. Ewell and Brig. Gen. Charles S. Winder fought Union troops led by Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks about three miles south. . . . Map (db m180940) HM
72Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — F-20 — Battle of Cedar Mountain
On General Winder Road (County Route 657) at James Madison Highway (U.S. 15), on the right when traveling west on General Winder Road.
Near here Jackson formed line of battle and received the attack of Banks Corps of Pope's army. From here he attacked in turn, driving the Union force northward.Map (db m184160) HM
73Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Cedar MountainJackson Draws His Sword
On General Winder Road (County Route 657) at James Madison Highway (U.S. 15), on the right when traveling west on General Winder Road. Reported permanently removed.
In the summer of 1862, Federal Gen. John Pope threatened to retaliate against Southern civilians who tried to thwart the efforts of his new army. The threats prompted Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee to issue Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson the . . . Map (db m183987) HM
74Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Civil War Soldiers
On US Avenue, 0.3 miles east of South East Street, on the right when traveling east.
Civil War soldiers were originally buried where they bravely fought and died during battles at Cedar Mountain, Trevilians Station, Gordonsville, Brandy Station and surrounding area. Following the Civil War the remains of 912 soldiers whose names are . . . Map (db m202787) HM
75Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — F-100 — Col. John Jameson
On Oaklawn Boulevard just west of South Blue Ridge Avenue, in the median.
Col. John Jameson (1751-1810) owned land nearby. He served as the Culpeper County court clerk (1772-1810) and a captain in the Culpeper Minute Men battalion during the Revolutionary War. In Sept. 1780, while serving under Gen. Benedict Arnold in New . . . Map (db m23962) HM
76Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Confederate Memorial
On West Davis Street just east of North West Street, on the left when traveling east.
Culpeper's Memorial to her Confederate Soldiers 1861 - 1865Map (db m170191) WM
77Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Culpeper Court HouseBattle of Culpeper Court House
On South Commerce Street, on the left when traveling south on South Commerce Street.
Following the Gettysburg Campaign, Federal officials sought to verify rumors that a substantial part of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Confederate army had been detached. On September 13, 1863, Federal cavalry moved down the tracks from your left, under . . . Map (db m8417) HM
78Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Culpeper Court House1863–64 Winter Encampment — Lee vs. Grant – The 1864 Campaign
On South Commerce Street at East Davis Street, on the left when traveling south on South Commerce Street. Reported permanently removed.
During the winter of 1863-64, Federal officers quartered in many of Culpeper’s homes. The surrounding landscape was dotted with tents and huts for ten square miles as nearly 100,000 soldiers encamped. Gen. U.S. Grant, commander of all Federal . . . Map (db m8419) HM
79Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Culpeper Minute Men
On South Main Street (Business U.S. 15/29) at Orange Road, on the right when traveling north on South Main Street.
. . . Map (db m13460) HM
80Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — J-10 — Culpeper Minute Men
On Sperryville Pike (U.S. 522) west of Virginia Avenue, on the left when traveling west.
On the hill to the south the famous Culpeper Minute Men were organized in 1775. John Marshall, later chief Justice of the Supreme Court, was a Lieutenant.Map (db m8321) HM
81Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Culpeper National Cemetery
On US Avenue, 0.2 miles east of South East Street, on the right when traveling east.
Seat of War Railroads connecting Washington, D.C., and Richmond crossed Culpeper County, Virginia, so this area witnessed major Civil War battles. Both Union and Confederate armies occupied this area throughout the war. In 1861, the . . . Map (db m170182) HM
82Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — J-97 — Eckington School
On Mt. Pony Road (County Route 658) just west of Blackjack Road (County Route 661), on the left when traveling east.
The Eckington School was built in 1895 as a frame, one-room school for African American students from the nearby communities of Eckington and Poplar Ridge. The school building is typical of the ungraded schools of the 19th century that had all . . . Map (db m59522) HM
83Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Eppa Rixey Boyhood Home
On East Street at Cameron Street, on the right when traveling south on East Street.
National Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Eppa Rixey was born on May 3, 1891. Rixey played for the Philadelphia Phillies (NL) and the Cincinnati Reds (NL) during a career that spanned 21 years. He was nicknamed "Jeptha" by a sportswriter who liked the . . . Map (db m12562) HM
84Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Fountain Hall Bed & Breakfast609 South East Street
On South East Street at East Asher Street, on the right when traveling north on South East Street.
This house is a contributing building to the South East Historic District designated as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m170719) HM
85Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — G-10 — General Edward Stevens
On North Main Street (Virginia Route 229) at Carpenter Drive, on the left when traveling north on North Main Street.
Here is buried General Edward Stevens, who served at Brandywine, Camden, Guilford Courthouse and Yorktown. He died on August 17, 1820.Map (db m23960) HM
86Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — George Washington
On West Cameron Street at North Main Street (U.S. 522), on the left when traveling west on West Cameron Street.
In 1749 at the age of 17, George Washington received a commission from the College of William & Mary to become Surveyor for the newly formed Culpeper County, his first surveying job. He is shown here with a "circumferentor", a . . . Map (db m171380) HM
87Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — F-3 — Greenwood
On Orange Street (Business U.S. 15) south of Old Fredericksburg Road (Virginia Route 3), on the left when traveling south.
Home of Judge John Williams Green. Judge Green entertained Lafayette here on August 22, 1825.Map (db m8641) HM
88Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Hand-to-Hand Fighting
On General Winder Road (County Route 657) at James Madison Highway (U.S. 15), on the right when traveling west on General Winder Road.
The focal point on the battlefield of Cedar Mountain was several hundred yards to the left of this location, at a gate where the Crittenden farm lane met the old main road. Confederate artillery around that site duelled enemy guns to their right . . . Map (db m4438) HM
89Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Historic Antioch Baptist Church
On South West Street at Culpeper Street, on the right when traveling south on South West Street.
Among the oldest churches in Culpeper, Antioch Baptist Church originated in the 1850's. Separated from the Mount Pony Baptist Church, Antioch was first called "The African Church," organized in 1859. The first congregation, also referred to as free . . . Map (db m12687) HM
90Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — In Memoriam
On Wine Street just south of Old Brandy Road, on the left when traveling south.
Honoring Culpeper citizens who gave their lives in service to their country World War II William Robert Baker • Joseph Evan Beach • John Travers Bickers • Claude Powell Bradley • Staunton Montgomery Brown • George Washington . . . Map (db m170740) WM
91Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — J-6 — John S. Barbour’s Birthplace
On Sperryville Pike (U.S. 522), on the right when traveling south.
Just to the south stood Catalpa, where John Strode Barbour was born on 29 Dec. 1820. In 1849, he was appointed the state’s representative on the board of directors of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. The board elected him president in 1851 and he . . . Map (db m8416) HM
92Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — F-16 — Lee and Pope
On James Madison Highway (U.S. 15) at Madison Road, on the right when traveling south on James Madison Highway.
To the south is Clark's Mountain, behind which Lee's army was gathered, August 17, 1862. From a signal station on the mountain top Lee looked down on Pope's army, which he wished to attack. Pope, realizing his danger, retired northward.Map (db m4433) HM
93Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Major Gabriel Long
On North Blue Ridge Avenue, 0.1 miles south of West Edmondson Street, on the right when traveling south.
Major Gabriel Long (b. 1751) served as Lieutenant in Captain John Jameson's Company, Culpeper Minutemen Battalion which mustered here in the Fall, 1775 and fought victoriously at Great Bridge in December 1775 to rid Virginia of British . . . Map (db m170194) HM WM
94Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — F-25A — Mitchells Presbyterian Church
On Zachary Taylor Highway (U.S. 522) at Winston Road (Virginia Route 617) on Zachary Taylor Highway.
Built in 1879, this Gothic Revival church stands two miles of this location. It contains an elaborate example of trompe-l’oeil fresco painting done in 1888. Joseph Dominick Phillip Oddenino, an Italian immigrant artist, painted to deceive the eye . . . Map (db m23192) HM
95Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — F-34 — Mount Pony Signal Station
On James Madison Highway (U.S. 15) at Lovers Lane, on the right when traveling north on James Madison Highway.
In Aug. 1862, during the Civil War, Union Maj. Gen. John Pope established a signal station on Mount Pony, just northeast of here. On the summit of the mountain, a high scaffold was constructed out of trees for an observation post and a communication . . . Map (db m4442) HM
96Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Mountain Run Watershed
Near North Blue Ridge Avenue, on the right when traveling south.
Culpeper has always depended on Mountain Run for its water. The small stream meandered through the town like so many citizens on a Sunday afternoon. But for many years, Mountain Run had a tendency to dry up during the summer months, leaving Culpeper . . . Map (db m12780) HM
97Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Pennsylvania
On U.S. Avenue, on the left when traveling east.
(Front):Pennsylvania remembers with solemn pride Her Heroic Sons who here repose in known and unknown graves may their sacrifice be an inspiration to the people and promote civic virtue, love of liberty, peace, prosperity and happiness in all . . . Map (db m13457) HM
98Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Second Massachusetts Infantry
On U.S. Avenue, on the left when traveling east.
The Second Massachusetts Infantry Have raised this stone in memory of their dead who fell in the Battle of Cedar Mountain Aug - 9 - 1862Map (db m13452) HM
99Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — Seventh Ohio Regiment1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Corps
On U.S. Avenue, on the left when traveling east.
Erected by the Seventh Ohio Regimental Association in honor of the officers and soldiers of that regiment who fought in the battle of Cedar Mountain Virginia August 9, 1862 many of whom are buried in unknown graves in this cemetery Killed 37 . . . Map (db m13451) HM
100Virginia, Culpeper County, Culpeper — J-15 — Signal Stations
On Germanna Highway (State Highway 3), on the right when traveling east.
The hilltop northeast of this spot is Cole's Hill. The mountain to the west is Mount Pony. Both were used by Pope as signal stations, 1862.Map (db m4582) HM

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Feb. 5, 2023