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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Louisa County, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Louisa County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Louisa County, VA (43) Albemarle County, VA (112) Fluvanna County, VA (29) Goochland County, VA (35) Hanover County, VA (278) Orange County, VA (160) Spotsylvania County, VA (394)  LouisaCounty(43) Louisa County (43)  AlbemarleCounty(112) Albemarle County (112)  FluvannaCounty(29) Fluvanna County (29)  GoochlandCounty(35) Goochland County (35)  HanoverCounty(278) Hanover County (278)  OrangeCounty(160) Orange County (160)  SpotsylvaniaCounty(394) Spotsylvania County (394)
Louisa is the county seat for Louisa County
Adjacent to Louisa County, Virginia
      Albemarle County (112)  
      Fluvanna County (29)  
      Goochland County (35)  
      Hanover County (278)  
      Orange County (160)  
      Spotsylvania County (394)  
 
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1Virginia, Louisa County, Boswells Tavern — W-207 — Boswell’s Tavern
On Louisa Road (Virginia Route 22) close to James Madision Highway (U.S. 15), on the left when traveling east.
At this old tavern Lafayette camped, on June 12, 1781, while moving southward to intervene between Cornwallis and military stores in Albemarle County.Map (db m37231) HM
2Virginia, Louisa County, Boswells Tavern — W-215 — Civilian Conservation Corps Company 2347
On The Marquis Road (Virginia Route 22) at James Madison Hightway (U.S. 15), on the right when traveling east on The Marquis Road.
Here at Burnley's Farm was the site of Camp Monticello, CCC Company 2347, Boswell's Tavern, Virginia. The camp, originally located near Rocky Mount, Virginia, was moved here in the fall of 1939 and remained until it was dismantled 18 September 1942, . . . Map (db m5567) HM
3Virginia, Louisa County, Boswells Tavern — W-206 — The Marquis Road
On The Marquis Road (Virginia Route 22) at James Madison Highway (U.S. 15), on the right when traveling west on The Marquis Road.
Lafayette reopened this road in June, 1781, when moving south to intervene between Cornwallis and military stores in Albemarle County. The road has been ever since known as "The Marquis Road."Map (db m5386) HM
4Virginia, Louisa County, Bumpass — W-105 — Bumpass
On Bumpass Road (Virginia Route 601) at Borden Road (Virginia Route 701), on the right when traveling south on Bumpass Road.
Bumpass Turnout, named for a family of local landowners, was a side track along the Louisa Railroad, which opened in 1837. A small community, including a post office, general store, and boys' academy, developed near the turnout's passenger and . . . Map (db m113160) HM
5Virginia, Louisa County, Bumpass — W-233 — Jerdone Castle
On Moody Town Road, 0.3 miles north of Sir Walter Drive, on the left when traveling north.
Much of Jerdone Castle’s original 1,100 acres is submerged under Lake Anna. The house was begun ca. 1742 by Francis Jerdone, a Scottish immigrant. Jerdone’s descendant, Sarah Jerdone Coleman, and her husband, Gen. Clayton Coleman, built the main . . . Map (db m54209) HM
6Virginia, Louisa County, Ferncliff — V-20 — Campaign of 1781
On Three Notch Road (U.S. 250) west of Courthouse Road (Virginia Route 208), on the right when traveling west.
Here Lafayette, moving west to protect a supply depot in Albermarle from Cornwallis, entered this road, June 13, 1781.Map (db m54211) HM
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7Virginia, Louisa County, Gordonsville — F-40 — Campaign of 1781
On James Madison Highway (U.S. 15) south of Hawkwood Lane, on the left when traveling south.
Lafayette, moving west to protect stores in Albemarle from Tarleton, passed near here, June, 1871.Map (db m17749) HM
8Virginia, Louisa County, Gordonsville — Z-277 — Orange County / Louisa County
On Gordon Avenue (Virginia Route 231) south of Echo Back Lane, on the right when traveling north.
Orange County. Area 359 Square Miles. Formed in 1734 from Spotsylvania, and named for the Prince of Orange, who in that year married Princess Anne, daughter of King George II. President James Madison lived in this county and . . . Map (db m17747) HM
9Virginia, Louisa County, Gordonsville — Z-277A — Orange County / Louisa County
On James Madison Highway (U.S. 15/33), on the right when traveling north.
Orange County. Formed from Spotsylvania County in 1734, Orange County, a pastoral Piedmont county, was probably named in honor of William IV, the Dutch prince of Orange, who married Anne, the Princess Royal, daughter of George II of England, . . . Map (db m108411) HM
10Virginia, Louisa County, Gum Spring — V-19 — Providence Church
On Broad Street (Virginia Route 250) 0.4 miles west of Virginia Route 522, on the right when traveling west.
Half a mile northeast stands Providence Presbyterian Church, built probably in 1749 and little altered since. John Todd, Senior, a founder of Hampden-Sydney College, was pastor for forty years (1753-1798). Hanover Presbytery met there in October . . . Map (db m9219) HM
11Virginia, Louisa County, Gum Spring — W-243 — Shady Grove (Rosenwald) School
On Three Chopt Road (Virginia Route 634) 0.1 miles west of Broad Street Road (U.S. 250), on the right when traveling west.
African Americans in this area organized a patrons' league and campaigned in the 1920s for a new school to replace the inadequate facility then in use. Shady Grove School, built on a standard one-teacher architectural plan, opened here in 1925 for . . . Map (db m170106) HM
12Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — W-209 — Battle of Trevilians
On Louisa Road (U.S. 33) at Trevilians Square, on the right when traveling east on Louisa Road.
Here, on June 12, 1864, Sheridan's cavalry, coming from Trevilians, attacked Wade Hampton, who had taken position across the road. A bloody engagement followed. Fitz Lee joined Hampton, and the Union cavalry was driven back. That night Sheridan . . . Map (db m193778) HM
13Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — Battle of Trevillians
On Louisa Road (U.S. 33) at Trevilians Square, on the right when traveling east on Louisa Road.
— Fought here June 11, 12, 1864 — Confederate Gens. Wade Hampton, Fitzhugh Lee and Thomas L. Rosser, victors over Federal Gens. P.H. Sheridan and G.A. Custer 5000 Confederates, 8000 Federal Casualties Confederate 612, Federal 1,007 . . . Map (db m156005) HM
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14Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — Bibb's CrossroadsFirst Shots
On Oakland Road (County Route 613), on the right when traveling north.
The Battle of Trevilian Station A 9,300-man Union cavalry force under Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, on a raid to destroy parts of the Virginia Central Railroad, camped a few miles east on June 10, 1864. The next morning, Gen. Wesley Merritt's . . . Map (db m4841) HM
15Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — Clayton's StoreSheridan's Camp
On Ellisville Drive (County Route 669) at Oakland Road (County Route 613), on the right when traveling north on Ellisville Drive.
The Battle of Trevlian Station After riding across Virginia for three days on a raid to destroy parts of the Virginia Central Railroad, Gen. Philip H. Sheridan's 9,300 cavalrymen and horse artillerists crossed the North Anna River at Carpenter's . . . Map (db m4843) HM
16Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — Confederate Memorial
On West Main Street (U.S. 33) just north of Courthouse Square, on the left when traveling north.
In memory of the courage, patriotism and devotion of the Confederate soldiers of Louisa County, 1861 - 1865.Map (db m170107) WM
17Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — Custer RescuedAn All-out Assault
On Louisa Road (U.S. 33) at Danne Road (County Route 682), on the right when traveling west on Louisa Road.
The Battle of Trevilian Station By mid-morning on June 11, 1864, Gen. George A. Custer's attack on Confederate Gen. Wade Hampton's wagon train here had gone from success to near disaster as Southern cavalry surrounded Custer's force. A staff . . . Map (db m193777) HM
18Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — Custer's First Last StandA "Living Triangle" — The Battle of Trevilian Station —
On Louisa Road (U.S. 33) at Danne Road (County Route 682), on the right when traveling west on Louisa Road.
Nearby stood Trevilian Station, south of which Confederate Gen. Wade Hampton had parked his wagon train on the evening of June 10, 1864. At daylight the next day, Gen. Matthew C. Butler and Col. Gilbert J. Wright advanced north on the Fredericksburg . . . Map (db m193772) HM
19Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — Decisive Confederate VictoryThe Largest All-Cavalry Battle of the Western Hemisphere
On West Street (County Route 666), on the right when traveling west.
The Battle of Trevilian Station Confederate Gen. Wade Hampton's victory over Gen. Philip H. Sheridan at Trevilian Station on June 11-12, 1864, prevented Sheridan from joining Gen. David Hunter and destroying the Virginia Central Railroad at . . . Map (db m156010) HM
20Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — First Contact“a considerable fight” — The Battle of Trevilian Station —
On Ellisville Drive (County Route 669), on the right when traveling south.
Having reached Louisa Court House on June 10, 1864, Gen. Wade Hampton’s cavalry divisions bivouacked around the Virginia Central Railroad and across Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s route to Gordonsville. About 3 a.m. on June 11, Gen. William C. . . . Map (db m114333) HM
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21Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — W-208 — Green Springs
On Spotswood Trail (U.S. 33) at Dunkum Store Road (County Route 636), on the right when traveling west on Spotswood Trail.
Near here Wade Hampton's Confederate cavalry camped the night of June 10, 1864, just before the battle of Trevilians.Map (db m4834) HM
22Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — W-212 — Historic Louisa
On East Main Street (U.S. 33) 0.1 miles west of Lyde Avenue, on the right when traveling west.
Here the county seat was established in 1742. The British Cavalryman, Tarleton, stopped here on his raid to Charlottesville, June 3, 1781. Stoneman raided the place and destroyed the railroad, May 2, 1863. Near here Fitz Lee camped, June 10, 1864, . . . Map (db m24560) HM
23Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — W-224 — Hugh Hammond Bennett (1881-1960)
Near Fredericksburg Avenue (Virginia Route 628) at School Street (Virginia Route T-1014), on the left when traveling north.
Hugh Hammond Bennett, “the father of soil conservation,” joined the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Bureau of Soils in 1903. While conducting a soil survey of Louisa County in 1905, he came to understand the link between soil erosion and soil . . . Map (db m54210) HM
24Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — In Memory of All VeteransDedicated Nov. 11, 2000
On West Main Street (Route 33) at Courthouse Square, on the right when traveling south on West Main Street.
In honor of the men and women who proudly served their country in the Armed Forces of the United States of America
Turn back your thoughts this evening tide, To the thousands of of buddies who fought and died, they lie asleep . . . Map (db m170110) WM
25Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — W-222 — John Mercer Langston Birthplace
On West Main Street (U.S. 33) at Courthouse Square (State Road 208), on the right when traveling east on West Main Street.
John Mercer Langston was born 5.5 miles N.W. of here on 14 Dec. 1829, son of plantation owner Ralph Quarles and his former slave Lucy Langston. A graduate of Oberlin College (1849), in 1855 Langston became township clerk of Brownheim, Ohio - the . . . Map (db m41698) HM
26Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — Louisa Court HouseRaiders Intercepted — The Battle of Trevilian Station —
On West Main Street (U.S. 33) at Elm Avenue, on the right when traveling east on West Main Street.
You are standing in the historic town of Louisa Court House (now Louisa). During the Civil War, the Virginia Central Railroad passed through this county seat. The main street became the Gordonsville Road (Rte. 22/33) at the western end of town. . . . Map (db m193948) HM
27Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — Louisa Rail Road track--1837
On Fredericksburg Avenue (Virginia Route 628) 0.1 miles east of School Street (County Road T-1014), on the right when traveling east.
Featured here is a reproduction of a rail road track section that would have been built in accordance to an 1837 Agreement between the Louisa Rail-Road Company and providers of: "Rails, Sills (crossties) and Keys (wedges)…" for the railroad. . . . Map (db m170114) HM
28Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — Michie HouseCirca 1790
Near Fredericksburg Avenue (Route 628) 0.1 miles north of School Street (County Road T-1014), on the left when traveling east.
This reconstructed 18th century farmstead was originally located on land near Boswell's Tavern granted to Gilbert Gibson in 1728. The property was bought in 1790 by Robert Michie, whose brother founded the famous Michie Tavern. In the early . . . Map (db m170115) HM
29Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — Netherland TavernHampton's Headquarters
On Oakland Road (County Route 613), on the right when traveling north.
The Battle of Trevilian Station Fifty yards east is the site of Netherland Tavern (ca. 1822), which was demolished in the 1950s. The tavern served travelers on the Fredericksburg Stage Road and the Louisa Court House Road to the south. It also . . . Map (db m4840) HM
30Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — Oakland CemeteryConfederates at Rest
On West Street (County Route 666), on the right when traveling west.
Battle of Trevilian Station Here in Oakland Cemetery, beneath small, rectangular stone markers, rest as many as 60 Confederate dead from the Battle of Trevilian Station. Most of them were never identified. Immediately inside the gate are the . . . Map (db m193822) HM
31Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — Ogg FarmRepulsed with Heavy Losses — The Battle of Trevilian Station —
On South Spotswood Trail (U.S. 33) 1.4 miles north of Louisa Road (Virginia Route 22), on the right when traveling west.
After breaking off the fighting of June 11, 1864, Confederate Gen. Wade Hampton’s cavalry division withdrew to a position near here. Gen. Matthew C. Butler’s South Carolinians spent the next morning preparing a stout defensive position along the . . . Map (db m24552) HM
32Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — W-211 — Patrick Henry's Home
On West Main Street (U.S. 33) at Elm Avenue, on the right when traveling east on West Main Street.
At Roundabout Plantation, eight miles southwest, Patrick Henry lived from 1765 to 1768, when he sat for Louisa County in the House of Burgesses. This was the beginning of his political career.Map (db m4829) HM
33Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — W-238 — Richardson and Morton Schools
On Jefferson Highway (U.S. 33) east of School Bus Road (County Route 767).
Louisa Training School, the county’s first high school for African American students, was built three miles northwest in 1926 with aid from the Rosenwald Fund. In 1953, Archie Gibbs Richardson High School replaced it here as part of an . . . Map (db m107854) HM
34Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — Second Louisa County Courthouse Threshold
On West Main Street (Route 33) just south of Elm Street, on the left when traveling north.
This threshold of the second Louisa County Courthouse of 1818-1905 rests upon its original site.Map (db m170108) HM
35Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — W-210 — Trevilian Station Battle
On Louisa Road (U.S. 33) at Danne Road (Route 682), on the right when traveling west on Louisa Road.
In June 1864, Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan led a Union cavalry raid against the Virginia Central Railroad here, which Maj. Gen. Wade Hampton and Maj. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee defended during a two-day battle. On 11 June, the first day, Union Brig. Gen. . . . Map (db m193819) HM
36Virginia, Louisa County, Louisa — Trevilians Schoolhouse1880 to 1922
Near Fredericksburg Avenue (Route 628) 0.1 miles east of School Street (County Road T-1014), on the right when traveling west.
This one-room schoolhouse was originally located four miles west of Louisa near Trevilian's Station. The 1868 Constitutional Convention during Reconstruction mandated education to be made available to all children in Virginia. The full historic . . . Map (db m170116) HM
37Virginia, Louisa County, Mineral — Captain Jack Jouett, Jr.1754-1822
On Jefferson Highway (U.S. 33) west of Cross County Road (U.S. 522), on the right when traveling west.
Began his perilous ride on horseback near this point, Cuckoo Tavern, to Monticello, between midnight and dawn on June 4, 1781, which saved Governor Thomas Jefferson and the Virginia General Assembly in session at Charlottesville from capture by the . . . Map (db m113205) HM
38Virginia, Louisa County, Mineral — W-216 — Civilian Conservation Corps Company 2359
On Davis Highway (Virginia Route 22) 0.3 miles west of Onionville Road, on the right when traveling east.
This is the site of Camp P-82, CCC Company 2359, Mineral Virginia. The camp was established in 1934 and provided work for more than two hundred young men during the depths of the Great Depression. Their responsibilities included clearing forest . . . Map (db m24277) HM
39Virginia, Louisa County, Mineral — W-223 — Cuckoo
On Jefferson Highway (U.S. 33) 0.1 miles west of Cross County Road (U.S. 522), on the right when traveling west.
Cuckoo, long a landmark for travelers, was built for Henry Pendleton about 1819. Nearby once stood the Cuckoo Tavern, from which in 1781 Jack Jouett made his famous ride. The Pendletons, a prominent family of physicians whose descendants still own . . . Map (db m24562) HM
40Virginia, Louisa County, Mineral — W-235 — Henry Box Brown
On Jefferson Highway (Virginia Route 33) 0.5 miles east of Cross Country Road (U.S. 522), on the left when traveling east.
Born into slavery about 1815 at The Hermitage Plantation near here, Henry Brown was working in Richmond by 1830. Brown mailed himself to Philadelphia, and freedom, on 23 Mar. 1849 inside a three-foot-long box. Brown became a spokesperson for the . . . Map (db m55783) HM
41Virginia, Louisa County, Mineral — W-213 — Jack Jouett's Ride
On Jefferson Highway (U.S. 33) 0.1 miles west of Cross County Road (U.S. 522), on the right when traveling west.
From the tavern that stood here, Jack Jouett rode to Charlottesville, by the Old Mountain Road, in time to warn the members of the Virginia government of the coming of Tarleton's British cavalry, June 3, 1781.Map (db m24565) HM
42Virginia, Louisa County, Zion Crossroads — W 212-a — Flora Molton1908-1990
On Richmond Road (U.S. 250) at Zion Road (Virginia Route 627), on the right when traveling west on Richmond Road.
Flora Molton sang what she called “spiritual and truth music,” a combination of traditional religious songs and her own compositions. Born here in Louisa County, the daughter of the Reverend and Mrs. William Rollins, she began singing in church. At . . . Map (db m54212) HM
43Virginia, Louisa County, Zion Crossroads — Z-24 — Louisa County / Fluvanna County
On Richmond Road (U.S. 250) 0.1 miles west of James Madison Highway (U.S. 15), on the right when traveling east.
Louisa County. Area 516 Square Miles. Formed in 1742 from Hanover, and named for the Queen of Denmark, Daughter of King George II. Patrick Henry lived in this county for some years. In it was fought the cavalry Battle of . . . Map (db m44724) HM
 
 
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Feb. 3, 2023