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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Fayette County, West Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Fayette County, West Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Fayette County, WV (92) Greenbrier County, WV (68) Kanawha County, WV (81) Nicholas County, WV (37) Raleigh County, WV (35) Summers County, WV (37)  FayetteCounty(92) Fayette County (92)  GreenbrierCounty(68) Greenbrier County (68)  KanawhaCounty(81) Kanawha County (81)  NicholasCounty(37) Nicholas County (37)  RaleighCounty(35) Raleigh County (35)  SummersCounty(37) Summers County (37)
Adjacent to Fayette County, West Virginia
    Greenbrier County (68)
    Kanawha County (81)
    Nicholas County (37)
    Raleigh County (35)
    Summers County (37)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1West Virginia (Fayette County), Ansted — "Contentment"
Built, 1830, on the old James River and Kanawha Turnpike. Restored antebellum home of Colonel George W. Imboden, on General Lee's staff, C.S.A. Property and headquarters of the Fayette County Historical Society, organized in 1926.Map (db m50392) HM
2West Virginia (Fayette County), Ansted — "Halfway House"
Regular stop on the James River and Kanawha Turnpike. The original building, dating from before the Revolution, was rebuilt by William Tyree, 1810. During the winter of 1861-62, it was headquarters for Chicago Gray Dragoons.Map (db m67013) HM
3West Virginia (Fayette County), Ansted — ContentmentHome of George W. Imboden
After the Civil War, George W. Imboden lived here with his wife, Mary Tyree, the daughter of William Tyree of Tyree Tavern. When the war began, Imboden enlisted in the Staunton Artillery in Augusta County, Virginia, where he then resided. He . . . Map (db m34371) HM
4West Virginia (Fayette County), Ansted — Hawk’s Nest
Once called Marshall’s Pillar for Chief Justice John Marshall, who came here, 1812. U.S. engineers declare the New River Canyon, 585 feet deep, surpasses the famed Royal Gorge. Tunnel for river makes vast water power here.Map (db m20675) HM
5West Virginia (Fayette County), Ansted — Hawk’s Nest Tunnel
Mouth of the great Hawk's Nest Tunnel, three miles long, which diverts water of New River from its five-mile long gorge. The tunnel, a mile of which is through solid rock, and a 50-foot dam give waterfall of 160 feet for electric power.Map (db m34421) HM
6West Virginia (Fayette County), Ansted — FA 1 — Hawk's Nest Tunnel Disaster
Construction of nearby tunnel, diverting waters of New R. through Gauley Mt. for hydroelectric power, resulted in state’s worst industrial disaster. Silica rock dust caused 109 admitted deaths in mostly black, migrant underground work force of . . . Map (db m34417) HM
7West Virginia (Fayette County), Ansted — Jackson's Mother
In Westlake Cemetery is the grave of the mother of General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson. The monument at the grave was placed by Captain Thomas Ranson, who had fought in Jackson's old brigade in the War between the States.Map (db m34376) HM
8West Virginia (Fayette County), Ansted — New Haven Veterans' MemorialVFW Post 7695
Proudly and humbly dedicated this Memorial to all who served our country; especially those who gave the ultimate sacrificeMap (db m34499) WM
9West Virginia (Fayette County), Ansted — Salt Sand
The sheer cliffs of Nuttall sandstones forming the walls of the New River Gorge are the "Salt Sands" of the driller. These sands produce oil and natural gas in West Virginia and commercial brines on the Kanawha and Ohio Rivers. Sponsored . . . Map (db m34420) HM
10West Virginia (Fayette County), Ansted — Tyree TavernConfederate and Union Headquarters
During his and Gen. Henry Alexander Wise’s unsuccessful Kanawha Valley campaign, Confederate Gen. John B. Floyd made his headquarters here, August 17-18, 1861, while Wise camped on the top of Big Sewell Mountain. In 1862, according to an inscription . . . Map (db m59937) HM
11West Virginia (Fayette County), Ansted — Westlake CemeteryBurial Place of Julia Jackson
This is one of the earliest identified cemeteries west of the Allegheny Mountains. William Tyree, owner of nearby Tyree Tavern, and Confederate Col. George W. Imboden, brother of Gen. John D. Imboden, are buried here. The cemetery is best known, . . . Map (db m59193) HM
12West Virginia (Fayette County), Boomer — Ancient Works
On a ridge between Armstrong and Loop creeks across the river are extensive prehistoric stone ruins whose walls are several miles long, and enclose a large area. Many of these stones are from the valley below the old wall.Map (db m20820) HM
13West Virginia (Fayette County), Clifftop — Camp Washington Carver — African American Heritage Tour —
On July 26, 1942 the first African American 4-H camp in the United States was opened here in Fayette County. A 1929 report showed that 44 of the state’s 55 counties had 4-H camps for white children, hut none for black children. Fleming Adolphus . . . Map (db m138104) HM
14West Virginia (Fayette County), Clifftop — Camp Washington-Carver
Camp named for Booker T. Washington (1856-1915) and George Washington Carver (1864-1943). Land deeded for sum of $5.00 by Charles and Kathryn Midelburg. Constructed 1939-1942 by local WPA labor with materials found on site including stone and native . . . Map (db m138103) HM
15West Virginia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — Abraham Vandal
Plaque One Abraham Vandal 1758-1848 * Born in Dutchess, NY * Soldier in the American Revolutionary War 1776-1781 * Married Mary Dillon 1780 * Father of Eight Children * Early Fayetteville Settler * In 1812 Abraham . . . Map (db m55816) HM
16West Virginia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — Battle of FayettevilleDefense and Retreat
During the Civil War, Fort Scammon stood in front of you on the hill behind the courthouse. There, on September 10, 1862, Union Col. Edward Siber and the 1,500 men of his 37th Ohio Infantry defended Fayetteville against Confederate Gen. William . . . Map (db m59214) HM
17West Virginia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — Battle of Fayetteville(1862) / (1863)
Battle of Fayetteville (1862) On September 10, 1862, soldiers under the command of Confederate Gen. W.W. Loring attacked Union forces in Fayetteville under Col. Edward Siber, driving them out of the town towards Charleston, where fighting . . . Map (db m120516) HM
18West Virginia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — Fayette County Law Enforcement Officers' Memorial
(Side A) I have taken an oath To serve and protect my fellow man Guide me safely in my duties To do the very best I can Give me the ability To stop those things that are wrong To bring comfort and safety by restoring it to . . . Map (db m161223)
19West Virginia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — Fayetteville
In the attack on Federal forces here, 1863. Milton W. Humphreys, the educator and soldier, gunner of Bryan's Battery, 13th Virginia Light Artillery, C.S.A., first used “indirect firing,” now in universal military use.Map (db m55815) HM
20West Virginia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — Fayetteville Korean War Memorial
Left Marker Fayetteville Town Park Memorial Park was presented to citizens of Fayetteville to honor all veterans who served to defend their country. LaFayette Post No. 149, The American Legion, obtained lease for this property on August . . . Map (db m161226) WM
21West Virginia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — Fayetteville Town Park
Memorial Park was presented to citizens of Fayetteville to honor all veterans who served to defend their country. LaFayette Post No. 149, The American Legion, obtained lease for this property on August 4, 1958 from the New River Pocahontas Coal Co. . . . Map (db m76724) HM WM
22West Virginia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — From Coal Mining to Rock ClimbingNew River Gorge National River — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The same geological process that produced the region's coal seams also resulted in a layer of sandstone perfect for rock climbing This layer, called Nuttall Sandstone, has its origins in the ancient formation of the Appalachian Mountains. As . . . Map (db m165212) HM
23West Virginia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — Growth of an EraNew River Gorge National River — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Mining towns sprang up along the banks of the New River when, in 1873, the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway created a pathway for transportation through the region. Thurmond, Kaymoor, Nuttallburg, Fayette, and other communities formed due to the . . . Map (db m165210) HM
24West Virginia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — Indirect Firing
Nearby on May 19-20, 1863, Corp. Milton W. Humphreys, gunner in Bryan's Battery, 13th Virginia Light Artillery, C.S.A., made first use of indirect artillery fire in warfare. Target was Union fort in Fayetteville.Map (db m55814) HM
25West Virginia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — Marquis de Lafayette(1757-1834)
Front Plaque French Statesman Friend of the American Revolution “...The new County so to be formed be called Lafayette or Fayette County to perpetuate a remembrance of his virtues and philanthropy through future ages of our . . . Map (db m55817) HM
26West Virginia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — Natural Renewal
The gorge, like all environments, is continually changing. Change peaked in the late 1800s when logging, mining, and the railroad converged to play a vital role in the industrialization of the United States. By the 1960s, industrial . . . Map (db m165213) HM
27West Virginia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — New River Gorge Bridge
New River Gorge Bridge has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places August 14, 2013 by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m165219) HM
28West Virginia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — Spanning the GorgeNew River Gorge National River — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
With the opening of the iconic New River Gorge Bridge on October 22, 1977, the challenge of getting across the 876 foot deep gorge was solved. The bridge dramatically decreased travel time. A 45 minute winding drive down and back up suddenly . . . Map (db m165211) HM
29West Virginia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — The Bridge
When the New River Gorge Bridge was completed on October 22, 1977, a travel challenge was solved. The bridge reduced a 45-minute drive down narrow mountain roads and across one of North America's oldest rivers to less than a minute drive. . . . Map (db m165220) HM
30West Virginia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — Townsend's Ferry
John Townsend bought a large tract of land here in 1841, an area that became Lansing Ames Heights and Canyon rim Park. Operated a ferry that provided commercial transport across the river at site of present bridge until the civil war. Grandson . . . Map (db m78288) HM
31West Virginia (Fayette County), Fayetteville — Vandalia Cemetery
Masonic group owned property in 1854. Baptists worshipped here prior to Civil War, but building destroyed during the conflict. Contains 29 marked graves, including town's early settlers and soldiers of the Civil War. A number of graves are marked . . . Map (db m76708) HM
32West Virginia (Fayette County), Gauley Bridge — Battles For The BridgesGauley Bridge - A Town in Between
When the war began, most residents of this part of present-day West Virginia were Confederate in their sympathies. Both Confederate and Union forces considered the wooden covered bridge here strategically important because the James River and . . . Map (db m34373) HM
33West Virginia (Fayette County), Gauley Bridge — Christopher Q. Tompkins / Gauley Mount
Christopher Q. Tompkins Born 1813 in Matthews County, VA. Tompkins was an 1836 graduate of West Point. A prominent industrial businessman in the Kanawha Valley before the Civil War, from May to November 1861 he was colonel of the . . . Map (db m138027) HM
34West Virginia (Fayette County), Gauley Bridge — Gauley Bridge
Here New and Gauley rivers unite to form Great Kanawha River. Piers still stand of old bridge destroyed by the Confederate troops in 1861. Here Thomas Dunn English, author of the ballad, "Ben Bolt," wrote "Gauley River".Map (db m20818) HM
35West Virginia (Fayette County), Gauley Bridge — Gauley Bridge War Memorial
Today we stand on a silent battlefield. The smoke of guns long since cooled hangs densely about our feet. Thousands of white crosses honor the noble dead. The wars are over. And the empty echoes of yesterday’s cannons ring dimly in our ears. . . . Map (db m138034) WM
36West Virginia (Fayette County), Glen Ferris — Camp Reynolds
Located across Kanawha River from this point was Civil War camp for Union Army, 1862-64. Site had 56 cabins and parade grounds for 23rd Ohio Vol. Inf. commanded by Col. Rutherford B. Hayes and Lt. William McKinley, future United States presidents.Map (db m50397) HM
37West Virginia (Fayette County), Glen Jean — Bank of Glen JeanNew River Gorge National River — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
From 1909 to 1939, the Bank of Glen Jean provided financial power for the mines, towns, and people along Dunloup Creek, shaping the lives of many in the New River coal fields. William McKell served as president for the bank's entire existence . . . Map (db m165214) HM
38West Virginia (Fayette County), Glen Jean — Glen JeanNew River Gorge National River — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The town of Glen Jean-and a small empire-began as a wedding gift. In 1870, Thomas McKell of Ohio received about 12,500 acres of West Virginia land from his father-in-law. After geologists confirmed the presence of coal, McKell purchased another . . . Map (db m165216) HM
39West Virginia (Fayette County), Glen Jean — Glen Jean Athletic Club
Directly across the street stood the Glen Jean Athletic Club. Alongside it was the ball bark. These, along with tennis and croquet courts, made Glen Jean a center for indoor and outdoor sports. In New River’s coal towns, baseball was a major . . . Map (db m99966) HM
40West Virginia (Fayette County), Glen Jean — Play Ball!New River Gorge National River — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In New River coal towns, baseball was a major part of social life. Fierce competition sometimes prompted coal companies to hire workers, or pay them more, based upon athletic ability. Glen Jean teams played against other company town teams . . . Map (db m167363) HM
41West Virginia (Fayette County), Hilton Village — Andrew & Charles Lewis March
The nearby highway is part of route traversing W.Va. from Lewisburg to Point Pleasant memorialized by the state to commemorate the march of the American Colonial army of 1,200 men led by Andrew & Charles Lewis. After a month's march this army . . . Map (db m33809) HM
42West Virginia (Fayette County), Kaymoor — Kaymoor One Mine
Kaymoor was one of the largest coal mine complexes in the New River Gorge. You are at Kaymoor One. Here workers mined over 16 million tons of coal and processed one million tons of coke between 1899 and 1962. Kaymoor was a company town, built . . . Map (db m165222) HM
43West Virginia (Fayette County), Kaymoor — Mountain Haulage
Getting around at Kaymoor was a challenge. Workers and their families either lived at Kaymoor Top, where you are standing now, or 900 feet below at Kaymoor Bottom. Company employees either worked in the middle of the gorge (bench) where the coal . . . Map (db m165221) HM
44West Virginia (Fayette County), Lansing — New RiverAn Eastern Oddity
Nine hundred feet below, New River flows north. North? Odd in the American east where rivers don’t flow north. Oddities seem common at New River. The river’s name and age are both unusual. No one knows the name’s origin: some say explorers found . . . Map (db m99982) HM
45West Virginia (Fayette County), Lansing — New River Gorge Scenic DrivesNew River Gorge National River
You may find it hard to believe that the New River Gorge was once teeming with activity. Coal mining dominated the economy and social structure of the state of West Virginia between 1875 and 1950. During this time over forty coal mining towns were . . . Map (db m165274) HM
46West Virginia (Fayette County), Lansing — Smoke, Coke, Coal, and KaymoorNew River Gorge
In the early 1900’s, mines and mining towns lined New River Gorge. One such town, Kaymoor, stood in the distance where the river disappears from view. Kaymoor typified New River’s mining era. For years New River Gorge’s rugged remoteness defied . . . Map (db m99988) HM
47West Virginia (Fayette County), Lansing — The Bridge
Completed in 1977, New River Bridge is the world’s longest single-arch steel span bridge. At 876 feet above the river it is American’s 2nd-highest bridge. Features to Notice Color. The steel used here, Cor-ten steel, rusts slightly on the . . . Map (db m99996) HM
48West Virginia (Fayette County), Lansing — The Deceptive ForestNew River Gorge
Notice the tree-covered slopes of the Gorge—they are not as they appear. From here the solid forest cover from riverbottom to ridgetop all looks pretty much the same, but, a close look reveals great differences. The forest varies with slope, . . . Map (db m99980) HM
49West Virginia (Fayette County), Lansing — Trail to Bridge OverlookNew River Gorge Bridge
This walkway leads to views of the New River Bridge. An easily-accessible upper overlook provides a scenic view framed by trees. From there the walkway descends 200 feet down a steep stairway to a broad view of the bridge, gorge, and New River 600 . . . Map (db m99993) HM
50West Virginia (Fayette County), Lansing — Welcome to New River Gorge National River
What is so special here? Why did the United States Congress in 1978 add New River Gorge to America’s system of National Parks? Because at New River Gorge National River there is: (Inscriptions under the images-left to right, top to bottom) *An . . . Map (db m99975) HM
51West Virginia (Fayette County), Layland — Layland Mine Disaster
Site of largest mine disaster in Fayette County history. On 2 March 1915, coal dust in Layland #3 ignited, killing 112 men; 42 of 53 survivors were rescued 6 March, one mile inside 10th left section behind barricade they built.Map (db m140484) HM
52West Virginia (Fayette County), Lookout — Spy Rock
Sandstone formation at 2510 feet is landmark known for view of Sewell Mt. range to SE. Known as "Rock of Eyes" by Native Americans and dubbed "Spy Rock" by Civil War soldiers. Sept. 1861, Gen. J.D. Cox and 5,000 Union soldiers camped here to oppose . . . Map (db m34430) HM
53West Virginia (Fayette County), Montgomery — Christopher H. Payne
Born in slavery in Monroe Co., Sept. 7, 1848, he worked as servant in the Confederate army. Served as teacher and ordained Baptist minister; estab. West Virginia Enterprise, Pioneer, & Mountain Eagle papers; later a lawyer. First . . . Map (db m34413) HM
54West Virginia (Fayette County), Montgomery — Fayette County / Kanawha County
Fayette County Formed in 1831 from Nicholas, Greenbrier, Kanawha, Logan. Named for General Lafayette. On New River, 1671, Batts and Fallam officially claimed Mississippi Valley for Great Britain in opposition to the claim of France. . . . Map (db m76931) HM
55West Virginia (Fayette County), Montgomery — Montgomery
Settled before the Revolution by Levi Morris, whose father, William Morris, made the first permanent settlement in the Great Kanawha Valley. Named Coal Valley in 1879. Renamed when incorporated in 1891 for James C. Montgomery.Map (db m138010) HM
56West Virginia (Fayette County), Montgomery — Montgomery
Settled before the Revolution by Levi Morris, whose father, William Morris, made the first permanent settlement in the Great Kanawha Valley. Named Coal Valley in 1879. Renamed when incorporated in 1891 for James C. Montgomery.Map (db m138013) HM
57West Virginia (Fayette County), Montgomery — West Virginia Institute of Technology
State institution established in 1895 as Preparatory Branch of West Virginia University. In 1931, name was changed to New River State College. Became a multipurpose college in 1941, known as West Virginia Institute of Technology.Map (db m76933) HM
58West Virginia (Fayette County), Mossy — Coal Camp History
With railroads came thousands of workers looking to make a new life in the coalfields. In the late 1800’s and well into the mid-1900’s, many Appalachian miners lived in company towns called “Coal Camps”. Mine operators built . . . Map (db m34443) HM
59West Virginia (Fayette County), Mossy — MossyPaint Creek Scenic Trail — Raleigh, Fayette, & Kanawha Counties, WV —
1913-Union organizer Mary "Mother" Jones imprisoned in Pratt. 1913-Approximate location of the striking miners tent colony that was fired on by mine guards wielding a machine gun mounted on the "Bull Moose" special train 1919-7 miners are . . . Map (db m34438) HM
60West Virginia (Fayette County), Mossy — The Rebirth of Paint Creek
Soon after settlers arrived in Paint Creek, the landscape and population changed forever with the discovery of coal. Within just a few years, mines began operating at Paint Creek under the ownership of New York businessman William Henry Greene. . . . Map (db m34436) HM
61West Virginia (Fayette County), Mount Hope — DuBois High School
An African American high school formed in 1917, it educated black Fayette County children until 1956. Students were taught in community buildings and churches, 1950-1954, after the school was destroyed by fire. The second DuBois High . . . Map (db m140445) HM
62West Virginia (Fayette County), Mount Hope — Dubois School HistorySo let us not forget the roots that brought us this far
A cadre of excellent teachers sharing and imparting values produced students with interests and community endeavors, fundraising, and contributions to projects throughout the world. Leadership – Principals see photo . . . Map (db m161345) HM
63West Virginia (Fayette County), Mount Hope — Mount Hope Coal History
With the birth of the Coal Industry, Mount Hope would play a very important role. During Mount Hope's early history, settlers began removing coal from a seam on the side of a mountain. Commercial mining of coal had been in effect since the . . . Map (db m161343) HM
64West Virginia (Fayette County), Mount Hope — Mount Hope Early Town History
Native Americans used the area of Sugar. Dunloup, and Mill Creeks for hunting until Virginia's Governor purchased land south of the Kanawha River in 1770. Raids continued until General Anthony Waynes won a decisive victory in Ohio in 1794 securing . . . Map (db m161340) HM
65West Virginia (Fayette County), Mount Hope — Mount Hope Landmarks
Many structures built during the coal boom remain throughout the town of Mount Hope showing the business and industrial center that Mount Hope once was. The stone bank building that survived the fire of 1910 and the New River Coal Company office . . . Map (db m161338) HM
66West Virginia (Fayette County), Mount Hope — Mount Hope School History
By 1872 there were only three families, that of C.C. Brown, the Warner's and the McGinnis’ living in the area now known as Mount Hope. They built a one room wooden schoolhouse replacing the first school held in the Blake Ian kitchen and in a tenant . . . Map (db m161276) HM
67West Virginia (Fayette County), Nallen — Nallen / Wilderness Lumber Company
Nallen. Wilderness Lumber Co. camp, named for John I. Nallen, manager, circa 1916. John Bayes family settled in 1825 later by James Miller, who had ferry across Meadow R. Served by Sewell Valley, later NF&G connection to C&O RR. . . . Map (db m138102) HM
68West Virginia (Fayette County), Oak Hill — Oak Hill Railroad Depot
Built in 1903 by the White Oak Railway Company, the depot is one of the oldest surviving structures in the community. It was leased by the Virginian Railway Company in 1912, then purchased in 1922, and is the only extant Virginian depot in West . . . Map (db m143111) HM
69West Virginia (Fayette County), Oak Hill — Oakwood Mine Complex
White Oak Fuel Company built the Oakwood Mine Complex in 1902. In 1915, 21 miners died when gas in the mine exploded. A year later, the original wooden tipple was upgraded to a multi-story steel structure. New River Company ran the mine after . . . Map (db m76691) HM
70West Virginia (Fayette County), Prince — Fayette County / Raleigh County
Fayette County. Formed in 1831 from Nicholas, Greenbrier, Kanawha, Logan. Named for General Lafayette. On New River, 1671, Batts and Fallam officially claimed Mississippi Valley for Great Britain in opposition to the claim of France. . . . Map (db m140483) HM
71West Virginia (Fayette County), Quinnimont — Quinnimont Missionary Baptist ChurchAfrican American Heritage Tour — New River Gorge National River, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In 1870 the Quinnimont Charter Oak and Iron Company built an iron furnace on Laurel Creek, which operated for three years. The main line of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway was completed through the gorge in the spring of 1873, and by fall the . . . Map (db m165223) HM
72West Virginia (Fayette County), Rainelle — Gen. Robert E. Lee
Near here, at highest point on the Midland Trail, Gen. Robert E. Lee had headquarters during his campaign in West Virginia in 1861. His famous war horse “Traveler,” was brought to him here from the Andrew Johnston farm in . . . Map (db m164702) HM
73West Virginia (Fayette County), Rainelle — Sewell Mountain Campaign
From August to October 1861, about 17,000 Union and Confederate troops operated near the Sewell Mountain area. Waiting for a major battle that never came, many soldiers died of disease caused by foul weather. Excessive rainfall hampered . . . Map (db m138110) HM
74West Virginia (Fayette County), Ravenseye — Old Stone House
Southwest is the Old Stone House, built, 1824, by Richard Tyree on the James River and Kanawha Turnpike. It was visited by Jackson, Clay, Webster, Benton, and other notables. Here Matthew Fontaine Maury wrote his book on navigation.Map (db m138108) HM
75West Virginia (Fayette County), Terry — Army CampNew River Gorge National River
Camp Prince, or Army Camp as it was known locally, was a site operated by the 1428th Engineer Float Bridge Company. It opened around 1950 as a training and testing ground for the quick assembly of temporary floating bridges. These bridges . . . Map (db m161180) HM
76West Virginia (Fayette County), Thurmond — A Railroad TownNew River Gorge National River — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The Chesapeake & Ohio (C&O) Railway mainline was Thurmond's main street, the core of this town's identity. As one of the busiest centers of activity in this region of coal commerce, Thurmond was the only place in a 73-mile stretch where . . . Map (db m165257) HM
77West Virginia (Fayette County), Thurmond — A Town Built on Top of ItselfNew River Gorge National River — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Thurmond ran from the river's edge up the hill. Homes dotted the hillside. Large businesses (like Hotel Thurmond and Armour Meat Company) along with small shops (a jeweler, shoemaker, barber, and others) served the needs of residents and . . . Map (db m165248) HM
78West Virginia (Fayette County), Thurmond — Changing TownNew River Gorge National River — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
As access to places outside the gorge improved, Thurmond's importance declined. Area coal mines also declined in productivity. The most significant changes, however, came by 1949 when the nation's railroad industry had switched from steam to . . . Map (db m165249) HM
79West Virginia (Fayette County), Thurmond — Fueling Up TrainsNew River Gorge National River — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
A major use of coal was as fuel for steam trains. Coal was used to heat the water in the boiler of each locomotive, making steam that powered the train engines. As one of the few places in the gorge where locomotives could be refueled, the . . . Map (db m165246) HM
80West Virginia (Fayette County), Thurmond — New River Gorge National RiverNational Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
New River Gorge National River offers beautiful scenery and much more. The park features the geology of one of the world's oldest rivers and preserves the natural and cultural diversity of a land once exploited by industry. Today New River Gorge is . . . Map (db m165244) HM
81West Virginia (Fayette County), Thurmond — The Heart of TownNew River Gorge National River — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
You are now in the heart of downtown Thurmond. In 1913 the Fayette Journal called Thurmond the “Biggest Little Town.” Today it is difficult to imagine why. Just three buildings survive from Thurmond’s once-thriving commercial . . . Map (db m164659) HM
82West Virginia (Fayette County), Thurmond — The Railroad Was the TownNew River Gorge National River — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The rails that you see here symbolize Thurmond’s essence—the railroad. These rails were truly Thurmond’s main street. Coal was king, but was worthless if it couldn’t get to market. Workers in Thurmond’s engine house kept the C&O Railway’s . . . Map (db m164660) HM
83West Virginia (Fayette County), Thurmond — Thurmond DepotNew River Gorge National River — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The Chesapeake and Ohio (C&O) Railway built this depot in 1904 to manage passengers and freight—mostly coal. This building replaced an earlier depot that burned the year before. The railroad was the only practical way in and out of New . . . Map (db m164661) HM
84West Virginia (Fayette County), Thurmond — Thurmond, West VirginiaNew River Gorge National River — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Here in Thurmond you-can recall the vital role that railroads played in the growth and prosperity of America. For more than 80 years Thurmond’s railroads thrived. Amid the remnants of this once-bustling town, you can imagine the sounds of steam . . . Map (db m164662) HM
85West Virginia (Fayette County), Thurmond — Thurmond, West VirginiaNew River Gorge National River — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Ribbons of steel were, and still are, the main street of Thurmond. For over 80 years, trains were the primary method of travel, linking over 50 New River communities to each other and connecting the gorge to the rest of the US. Thurmond was a . . . Map (db m165243) HM
86West Virginia (Fayette County), Thurmond — Thurmond’s DeclineNew River Gorge National River — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Look down the railroad tracks. You might see a train coming. But if you do, you won’t see an engine fueled by coal, belching smoke and steam, as you would have during Thurmond’s heyday. Instead, you will see an engine powered with diesel fuel. . . . Map (db m164663) HM
87West Virginia (Fayette County), Thurmond — Where It All StartedNew River Gorge National River — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
This depot was the heart of Thurmond and the New River Gorge in the early 1900s. The railroad ruled transportation, and this station is where people began their business and social activities when they arrived. Chesapeake & Ohio (C&O) Railway . . . Map (db m165245) HM
88West Virginia (Fayette County), Whipple Junction — Community Life in a Coal CampWhipple — Coal Heritage Trail — National Coal Heritage Area Interpretive Site —
Coal companies often paid miners in scrip, a form of private money, each coal company issuing their own scrip. So that it would not be confused with American currency, most of the coins had some sort of hole in the middle. Company allowed miners to . . . Map (db m140440) HM
89West Virginia (Fayette County), Whipple Junction — Disaster Underground — Coal Heritage Trail — National Coal Heritage Area Interpretive Site —
“Say a prayer for those who died in darkness so we may enjoy the sunlight.” —Inscription on the miners’ memorial in Whipple erected by the Knights of Columbus. The most dreaded sound in the coal camp was when the . . . Map (db m140365) HM
90West Virginia (Fayette County), Whipple Junction — Labor Strikes and ConflictsWhipple — Coal Heritage Trail — National Coal Heritage Area Interpretive Site —
The United Mine Workers of America sought to protect coal miners and began to agitate for better working conditions throughout the nation. But, it was difficult to organize the West Virginia miners’ union because of the ultimate control . . . Map (db m140168) HM
91West Virginia (Fayette County), Whipple Junction — The Coal Barons — Coal Heritage Trail — National Coal Heritage Area Interpretive Site —
In the late 1800s, speculators, mining companies and investors were attracted to the vast, untapped seams of coal lying under the West Virginia mountains. The first coal operators created company towns, or coal camps, where everything was . . . Map (db m140429) HM
92West Virginia (Fayette County), Whipple Junction — The White Oak Valley — Coal Heritage Trail — National Coal Heritage Area Interpretive Site —
Pioneers settled the White Oak Valley in the 1800s. In 1892 the mineral rights were sold and the White Oak Fuel Company and the Whipple Colliery Company sunk five mine shafts at Whipple, Carlisle, Oakwood, Scarbro and Wingrove. Each of the five coal . . . Map (db m140403) HM
 
May. 12, 2021