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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Jefferson County, West Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Jefferson County, West Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Jefferson County, WV (340) Berkeley County, WV (102) Washington County, MD (830) Clarke County, VA (72) Frederick County, VA (175) Loudoun County, VA (252)  JeffersonCounty(340) Jefferson County (340)  BerkeleyCounty(102) Berkeley County (102)  WashingtonCountyMaryland(830) Washington County (830)  ClarkeCountyVirginia(72) Clarke County (72)  FrederickCounty(175) Frederick County (175)  LoudounCounty(252) Loudoun County (252)
Adjacent to Jefferson County, West Virginia
    Berkeley County (102)
    Washington County, Maryland (830)
    Clarke County, Virginia (72)
    Frederick County, Virginia (175)
    Loudoun County, Virginia (252)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1West Virginia (Jefferson County), Aldridge — "Locust Hill"
On Middleway Pike (West Virginia Route 51) 0.3 miles west of Ambler Road, on the right when traveling west.
A half mile southwest is the mansion built by John B. and Lucy Washington Packette in 1840. The center of conflict between Generals Early and Sheridan on August 21, 1864. Marks of the cannonading and musketry fire are yet visible. — Map (db m157729) HM
2West Virginia (Jefferson County), Aldridge — Cameron's Depot
On Middleway Pike (West Virginia Route 51) at Earle Road, on the right when traveling east on Middleway Pike.
Here, August 21, 1864, General Philip H. Sheridan's Federal forces were defeated by General Jubal A. Early. The fighting swept over such fine old estates as Harewood, Sulgrave, Tuscawillow, Cedar Lawn, and Locust Hill, still marked by shot and shell. — Map (db m157728) HM
3West Virginia (Jefferson County), Aldridge — Cameron's Depot Engagement"What news now?" — 1864 Valley Campaign —
Near Sheriden Drive. Reported missing.
(Preface): The Federal offensive in the Shenandoah Valley begun in May 1864 faltered in the summer with Confederate victories and Gen. Jubal A. Early's Washington Raid in July. Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan took command in August, defeated . . . — Map (db m159430) HM
4West Virginia (Jefferson County), Aldridge — Cedar Lawn
On Middleway Pike (West Virginia Route 51) at Earle Road on Middleway Pike.
1½ mi. S is 1825 home of John T. A. Washington, a great nephew of the 1st president. Land part of "Harewood" plot of Sam’l Washington, a brother of George. Original site of 1780 home "Berry Hill." — Map (db m159500) HM
5West Virginia (Jefferson County), Aldridge — Harewood
On Middleway Pike (West Virginia Route 51) east of Earle Road (West Virginia Route 51/1).
Erected in 1771. The home of Colonel Samuel Washington, County Lieutenant. His brother General George Washington visited here and General Lafayette and Luis Phillipe of France were entertained here. In this house James Madison and Dolly Payne Todd . . . — Map (db m1914) HM
6West Virginia (Jefferson County), Aldridge — Locust HillHome of Lucy Washington Packette — Built 1849 —
Near Sheriden Drive just south of St. Andrews Drive, on the left when traveling south.
When George Washington surveyed his brother Samuel’s Berkeley County land in preparation for the building of Harwood, the property included a sizable portion which has since been separated from the Harwood Estate. Dr. Samuel Washington, Colonel . . . — Map (db m159433) HM
7West Virginia (Jefferson County), Aldridge — Richwood Hall
On Earle Road (County Route 51/1) south of Middleway Pike (West Virginia Route 51), on the right when traveling south.
The original brick house was built on land owned by Lawrence Augustine Washington, the son of Samuel Washington, George’s brother. The present mansion-house, in an excellent state of preservation, was built about 1825. During the battle of Cameron’s . . . — Map (db m1885) HM
8West Virginia (Jefferson County), Aldridge — Ruins of St. George’s Chapel
On Middleway Pike (West Virginia Route 51) east of North Ridge Drive.
This chapel was built by devout people of (then) Frederick Parish. Frederick County, Virginia joined Col. Robert Worthington in completing it in 1769. It was first called the English Church, then Berkeley Church, then Norborne Chapel, as the parish . . . — Map (db m2026) HM
9West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bakerton — A.P. Hill’s March“Not a moment too soon” — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
On Bakerton Road at Knott Road (Route 31/2), on the right when traveling west on Bakerton Road.
About two o’clock in the afternoon of September 17, 1862, Confederate Gen. A.P. Hill’s 3,000-man division began crossing the Potomac River at Boteler’s Ford about two miles northwest of here, en route to the battle raging at Antietam Creek near . . . — Map (db m1955) HM
10West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bakerton — The Moler Family
On Bakerton Road at Morning Calm Lane on Bakerton Road.
The Moler Family of Jefferson County, West Virginia. In this cemetery are buried George Adam Moler (1714–1783) and his wife Eve. George Adam Moler came to American on Aug. 29, 1730 with his father Ludwig Mohler, settling first in . . . — Map (db m1962) HM
11West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bardane — Hockensmith Apple Storage BuildingWest Virginia 9 — Charles Town to Martinsburg —
On Charles Town Road (County Route 115/5) south of Luther Jones Road (County Route 16/4), on the right when traveling south.
The Hockensmith Apple Storage Building, constructed circa 1900-1910, is one of the few remaining commercial buildings in the area reflecting the Eastern Panhandle's significant orchard industry. The area's underlying limestone bedrock forms a red . . . — Map (db m132393) HM
12West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bardane — Peter Burr / William Burr HousesWest Virginia 9 — Charles Town to Martinsburg —
On Route 9 Bike Path 0.4 miles south of Luther Jones Road (County Road 16/4), on the right when traveling north.
On the east side of WV 9 is one of the oldest standing frame (post and beam) buildings in West Virginia. It was constructed in three sections, with the oldest, 1½-story eastern section dating between 1751 and 1755. The voids between the . . . — Map (db m148882) HM
13West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bardane — Peter Burr House
On War Admiral Blvd. (West Virginia Route 9) at W. Burr Road, on the right when traveling south on War Admiral Blvd..
Built in 1751 by Peter Burr, cousin of Aaron Burr, on a grant of 480 acres from Lord Fairfax. The house is one of the state's oldest frame structures. It is a fine example of a mid-18th century Virginia family homestead which traces its origins to . . . — Map (db m12644) HM
14West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bardane — The Greenback RaidMosby's Men Strike It Rich — 1864 Valley Campaign —
On Charles Town Road at Luther Jones Road (County Route 8) on Charles Town Road.
(Preface): The Federal offensive in the Shenandoah Valley begun in May 1864 faltered in the summer with Confederate victories and Gen. Jubal A. Early's Washington Raid in July. Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan took command in August, defeated . . . — Map (db m108815) HM
15West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bardane — Valley View / Tackley FarmWest Virginia 9 — Charles Town to Martinsburg —
On Route 9 Bike Path at Charles Town Road (West Virginia Route 115), on the left when traveling north on Route 9 Bike Path.
Tackley Farm, originally known as Valley View, was established in 1777 when Michael Blue leased a portion of the property from original grantee, Colonel Richard Blackburn, who migrated from England and acquired over 2,000 acres in 1754. Both . . . — Map (db m150420) HM
16West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bloomery — Iron Furnaces
On Charles Town Rd (West Virginia Route 9) at John Ressler Road on Charles Town Rd.
Thomas Mayberry agreed in 1742 to erect iron furnaces on the property of William Vestal. Here ore was mined and iron produced for the first time west of the Blue Ridge. Washington visited the iron furnaces here in 1760. — Map (db m59576) HM
17West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — The Fate of Harpers Ferry was sealed.A.P. Hill — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park —
Near Shoreline Drive.
After an exhausting night of dragging 20 cannon along the river and up the ravines to this site on Chambers (Murphy) Farm, General A.P. Hill and his 3,500 men sprang their trap on the unsuspecting Union army. Before dawn on the last day of the . . . — Map (db m5894) HM
18West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — A Dangerous PositionHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On Bakerton Road (County Route 27), on the right when traveling north.
On the dark, moonless night of September 14, 1862, 100 men from the 126th New York Regiment established a skirmish line here. These men were new to the war, having only been in uniform for a few short weeks. After surviving a terrifying afternoon of . . . — Map (db m5397) HM
19West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — A Moving SymbolHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Murphy Road, on the right when traveling south.
In it really began the Civil War. Here was lighted the torch of liberty for all America… For you this is the most hallowed shrine in this country. Henry McDonald, Storer College president The foundations in front of you mark a temporary site . . . — Map (db m8318) HM
20West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — A Position Strong by NatureHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Bakerton Road (County Route 27), on the right when traveling north.
In 1862 Union Colonel Dixon Miles thought that the ridge in front of you, Bolivar Heights, was the perfect place to defend Harpers Ferry. However, in September of '62, Colonel Miles and 14,000 Union soldiers found themselves surrounded by 24,000 . . . — Map (db m155728) HM
21West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — A Union Predicament
Near Shenandoah Street, on the right when traveling north.
"Do all you can to annoy the rebels should they advance on you...You will not abandon Harpers Ferry without defending it to the last extremity." Maj. Gen. John G. Wool, USA Telegraph message to Col. Dixon S. Miles, USA September 7, 1862 The . . . — Map (db m19005) HM
22West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — A Union Predicament
Near Whitman Avenue 0.2 miles north of West Washington Street (Alternate U.S. 340), on the left when traveling north.
"Do all you can to annoy the rebels should they advance on you...You will not abandon Harpers Ferry without defending it to the last extremity." Maj. Gen. John G. Wool, USA Telegraph message to Col. Dixon S. Miles, USA September 7, 1862 The . . . — Map (db m148869) HM
23West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Allstadt HouseJohn Brown's Hostages — Prelude to War —
On Allstadt Hill Road 0.2 miles north of Millville Road (County Route 27), on the left when traveling north.
The Allstadt House and Ordinary was the home of John H. Allstadt. On the evening of October 16, 1859, John Brown and his "army" of would-be slave liberators launched their attack on Harpers Ferry from Kennedy Farm just across the Potomac River in . . . — Map (db m145216) HM
24West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Area History
Near Campground Road.
On April 18, 1861 Confederate volunteers occupied these heights. The threat prompted Lt. Roger Jones, in command at Harpers Ferry, to set fire to the armory and arsenal buildings destroying thousands of muskets needed by the Confederacy. — Map (db m5866) HM
25West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Assessing the ObstacleHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On Bakerton Road (County Route 27), on the right when traveling south.
Never had "Stonewall" Jackson faced a stronger enemy position. Arriving here on Schoolhouse Ridge on the first day of the battle, Jackson scanned Bolivar Heights (the lower ridge in front of you) and saw a dangerous enemy - 7,000 Union infantry and . . . — Map (db m155732) HM
26West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Battle of Harpers Ferry / Jackson ArrivesHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On Bakerton Road (County Route 27), on the right when traveling south.
(Upper Panel): Battle of Harpers Ferry Invasion rocked the United States during the second year of the American Civil War. In September 1862 Confederate General Robert E. Lee launched his army into Maryland - the North. Lee's first target . . . — Map (db m23320) HM
27West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Battle of Harpers Ferry / Union StrongholdHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On Prospect Avenue (County Road 27/1) at Whitman Avenue, on the left when traveling north on Prospect Avenue.
Battle of Harpers Ferry Invasion rocked the United States during the second year of the American Civil War. In September 1862 Confederate General Robert E. Lee launched his army into Maryland - the North. Lee's first target became Harpers . . . — Map (db m148862) HM
28West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Bolivar Heights Trail
On Whitman Avenue at Prospect Avenue (County Road 27/1), on the left when traveling north on Whitman Avenue.
Union and Confederate soldiers transformed these fields into campgrounds full of dingy tents, smoky campfires and boiling kettles during the Civil War. Shouting officers drilled their troops until Bolivar's grass was trampled into precision . . . — Map (db m148864) HM
29West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Bolivar Methodist Church
On West Washington Street (Alternate U.S. 340) just east of Jefferson Street, on the right when traveling east.
This church built in early 1840's was occupied by both Union and Confederate troops for military purposes during Civil War. — Map (db m157924) HM
30West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Casualties of War
Near Whitman Avenue at West Washington Street (Alternate U.S. 340), on the left when traveling north.
"…We enter the barren waste of Bolivar Heights…a windswept deserted moorland…except its populous graveyard." James E. Taylor, war correspondent Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper August 10, 1864 Military discipline for . . . — Map (db m155723) HM
31West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Closing the DoorsHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On Whitman Avenue at Prospect Avenue (County Road 27/1), on the left when traveling north on Whitman Avenue.
Resting with his troops in Frederick, Maryland, 20 miles northeast of here, Confederate General Robert E. Lee had hoped the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry would abandon its post when he invaded the North. They did not. Lee decided to attack. He . . . — Map (db m148866) HM
32West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Confederate Victory
On Shenandoah Street, on the right when traveling north.
"The Rebels were all around us and our only refuge was the open canopy of heaven." Sgt. Charles E. Smith 32nd Ohio Infantry September 14, 1862 Thousands of Federal soldiers huddled in ravines on Bolivar Heights to escape the Confederate . . . — Map (db m19006) HM
33West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Confederate Victory
Near Prospect Avenue.
"The Rebels were all around us and our only refuge was the open canopy of heaven." Sgt. Charles E. Smith 32nd Ohio Infantry September 14, 1862 Thousands of Federal soldiers huddled in ravines on Bolivar Heights to escape the . . . — Map (db m155714) HM
34West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Confederates ConvergeHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Bakerton Road (County Road 27), on the right when traveling south.
Confederate General Robert E. Lee's first invasion of the North hinged on eliminating the Harpers Ferry garrison. To do so Lee devised Special Orders 191. He divided his force of 40,000 into four parts. Three columns marched from near Frederick, . . . — Map (db m7839) HM
35West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Destined for AntietamHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Bakerton Road (County Route 27), on the right when traveling south.
Text of the marker is arranged to illustrate the movements of the Confederate Army during the Antietam Campaign of 1862: September 10, 1862 from Frederick, Maryland Confederate commander Lee sends part of his army to capture Harpers . . . — Map (db m155741) HM
36West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Discover Harpers FerryHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Shoreline Drive 0.2 miles south of Pointfield Drive, on the left when traveling south.
Enjoy over 3,000 acres of rivers, trails, and battlefields in historic Harpers Ferry Near the Visitor Center: Battlefields and Trails Experience Harpers Ferry's tumultuous past. Pick up park trail maps and guides at the visitor . . . — Map (db m143936) HM
37West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Facing the EnemyHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On Whitman Avenue at Prospect Avenue (County Road 27/1), on the left when traveling north on Whitman Avenue.
Union Commander Dixon Miles knew the Confederates were coming. His cavalry reported the Southern troops advancing from three different directions. Ordered to "hold Harpers Ferry until the last extremity," Miles divided his forces to retain . . . — Map (db m155702) HM
38West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Fake Attack - September 14thHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Bakerton Road (County Route 27), on the right when traveling south.
"Stonewall" Jackson understood the principle of military deception. On the second evening of the battle, he used deception here. To lure the Union attention away from the south end of Bolivar Heights, Jackson faked an attack against the north end of . . . — Map (db m7866) HM
39West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — First Major Action
On Sept. 13, 1862 Stonewall Jackson’s forces approaching from the west were shelled by 2 Union artillery guns under Col. Miles from this position. On Sept. 14, Gen. A.P. Hill outflanked these Union troops while Jackson swept past this location. Col. . . . — Map (db m155751) HM
40West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Five Rounds into the DarknessHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On Bakerton Road (County Road 27), on the right when traveling north.
The 115th New York Regiment, young and inexperienced, formed a skirmish line here. When gunfire erupted on their left during the night, the men of the 115th must have felt the rush of adrenaline through their veins. Dander was headed in their . . . — Map (db m7816) HM
41West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Fortifying Bolivar Heights
Near Whitman Avenue 0.2 miles north of West Washington Street (Alternate U.S. 340), on the left when traveling north.
"...the heights became dotted with tents, and at night...the neighboring hills were aglow with hundreds of watchfires..." Joseph Barry, Harpers Ferry resident October 1862 After the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862, General Lee . . . — Map (db m148871) HM
42West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — From Civil War to Civil Rights / Battle of Harpers FerryHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On Murphy Road (Local Road 340/5) 0.3 miles south of Campground Road (Local Road 340/17), on the left when traveling south.
From Civil War to Civil Rights In 1862 Union soldiers forced Edmund Chambers, this farm's first owner (1848-1869), from his home. The farm became a battlefield, where Confederate General A.P. Hill struck the winning blow of the Battle of . . . — Map (db m143933) HM
43West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — From Skirmish Line to Burial GroundHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Bakerton Road (County Route 27), on the right when traveling north.
Some of the Union infantrymen who defended this ground on the night of September 14th returned the next day. Even though the Confederate strategy had won the battle for Harpers Ferry, and these Union soldiers were part of the largest surrender of . . . — Map (db m5398) HM
44West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Gun Position #6
Near Campground Road.
This gun protected the south end of the fort and was positioned to fire on flank movements. An outside picket trench, which can be seen ahead of the main embankment, protected the artillery crew. — Map (db m5879) HM
45West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Harpers FerryPrize of War
On Whitman Avenue at Prospect Avenue, on the right when traveling south on Whitman Avenue.
“It may be said with truth that no spot in the United States experienced more of the horrors of war.” – Joseph Barry, Harpers Ferry resident Trapped on the border between North and South, Harpers Ferry changed hands eight . . . — Map (db m23188) HM
46West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Harpers Ferry Bolivar Veterans MemorialWe Honor All Who Served
On Washington Street (Business U.S. 340) west of Polk Street, on the right when traveling west.
This Memorial is dedicated to all from the Harpers Ferry-Bolivar District who served their country from World War I to the present. Their sacrifice and valor for the freedom of America will never be forgotten. For those who did not return, our . . . — Map (db m70786) WM
47West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
On Shenandoah Street, on the right when traveling north.
(First Panel): Harpers Ferry National Historical Park is the story of... Industrial Development and the production of weapons at the Harpers Ferry armory. John Brown's Raid and his attempt to end slavery. The Civil War with Union and . . . — Map (db m19008) HM
48West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Historic Heights
On Whitman Avenue at Prospect Avenue, on the right when traveling west on Whitman Avenue.
Surrounded by the Blue Ridge Mountains at the confluence of the Potomac and the Shenandoah Rivers, Harpers Ferry thrived as an industrial community during the first half of the 19th century. By 1860, nearly 3,000 residents lived in the . . . — Map (db m144875) HM
49West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — History in the Mountains
Near Shenandoah St..
"I will pledge myself that there is not a spot in the United States which combines more or greater requisites...." George Washington May 5, 1798 Harpers Ferry's history and geography have influenced each other for . . . — Map (db m12065) HM
50West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Holy GroundHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Murphy Road, on the right when traveling south.
Here on the scene of John Brown’s martyrdom we reconsecrate ourselves, our honor, our property to the final emancipation of the race which John Brown died to make free… Thank God for John Brown!... and all the hallowed dead who died for . . . — Map (db m8316) HM
51West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Home Becomes BattlefieldHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Shoreline Drive.
The Civil War affected not only the soldiers who fought but the families whose homes and towns became battlefields. Edmund H. Chambers bought this farm in 1848 and lived here with his family until the Civil War. Although Chambers was a loyal . . . — Map (db m115283) HM
52West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Honoring All Who Served
On W Washington Street, on the right when traveling west.
Jefferson County’s men and women have answered their nation’s call to military service in war and peace. The monument in front of you is dedicated to all our honored veterans. Five of their stories are mentioned below. Luke Quinn,a Marine . . . — Map (db m107894) HM
53West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — In Honor of Private Luke Quinn
On U.S. 340 0.1 miles west of Union Street, on the right when traveling west.
United States Marine Killed 18 October 1859 During the capture of John Brown Flagpole and gravesite rededicated by Marine Corps League Detachment 1143 13 0ctober 2012 — Map (db m104281) HM WM
54West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Infantry Positions
Near Campground Road.
Infantry troops occupied positions along these fortifications. The low height of the earth embankment at this location permitted the defending troops easy passage to and from the abatis without exposure. — Map (db m5878) HM
55West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Jackson at Harpers FerryThe Stonewall Brigade
On Washington Street, on the right when traveling west.
As you explore Jefferson County’s Civil War sites, you will learn about some of the notable exploits on the native soil of Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson, one of the war's most famous figures. Jackson was born in Clarksburg, Virginia . . . — Map (db m155096) HM
56West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Mountains, Men, and ManeuversHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Shoreline Drive.
Confederate Major General “Stonewall” Jackson could not see this view. His lower vantage on Schoolhouse Ridge, 1000 yards upriver, blocked his sight of this strategic position. Yet Jackson remembered this farm from his time as . . . — Map (db m155752) HM
57West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — PilgrimageHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Murphy Road, on the right when traveling south.
In July 1896, members of the National League of Colored Women traveled here from Washington, D.C. and posed for their picture in front of John Brown’s Fort. The women came to pay homage to Brown and his raiders, establishing a pilgrimage . . . — Map (db m8317) HM
58West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Pre Civil War Spring House
On Washington Street (Business U.S. 340), on the right when traveling east.
According to local legend, the North came here to get water during the day and the South at night. Restored in 2002 — Map (db m19066) HM
59West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Protecting the Supply Lines
Near Prospect Avenue.
"...make all the valleys south of the Baltimore and Ohio [rail]road a desert as high up as possible...so that crows flying over it [Virginia] for the balance of the season will have to carry their provisions with them." Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. . . . — Map (db m5370) HM
60West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Rats in a CageHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Prospect Avenue.
The Union army refused to give up. Frustrated by the Federals' stronghold on Bolivar Heights, "Stonewall" Jackson ordered cannons to the mountain tops and nearby plateaus. Pounded by a day and a morning of Confederate bombardment, Union soldiers . . . — Map (db m148868) HM
61West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Sheridan Dug InHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Shoreline Drive.
In August 1864 Harpers Ferry was again a Union stronghold. Union General Philip Sheridan and his men built this redoubt—the earthwork in front of you—as fortification against the Confederates. Sheridan’s objective was to stop the . . . — Map (db m5896) HM
62West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Sheridan Fortifications
Near Campground Road.
In August 1864, Gen. U.S. Grant ordered Gen. Phillip Sheridan to construct earth fortifications on Bolivar Heights. These forts faced northwest to protect against Confederate movements down the Shenandoah Valley to Harpers Ferry. This Sheridan . . . — Map (db m5863) HM
63West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Simon Bolivar1783 - 1830
On Washington Street (Alternate U.S. 340) at Panama Street, on the right when traveling west on Washington Street.
Liberator of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador Peru, Panama and founder of Bolivia Presented by The President of Venezuela to Bolivar, West Virginia — Map (db m103645) HM WM
64West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters
On Washington Street (Business U.S. 340).
This residence was used as headquarters by Confederate General T.J. "Stonewall" Jackson while stationed in the area during the Civil War — Map (db m2942) HM
65West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Struggle to the HeightsHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Shoreline Drive.
Consider dragging 2,000-pound cannon up this ravine—at night. General A.P. Hill’s Confederates faced that task during the second night of battle. The assignment was essential to “Stonewall” Jackson’s plan to flank the Union army on . . . — Map (db m5889) HM
66West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — The Abatis
Near Campground Road.
During the construction of this fort, many of the trees which were located directly in front of these embankments were felled forming an “abatis”. This timber obstruction slowed the advance of the attacking forces so that snipers, . . . — Map (db m5872) HM
67West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — The Confederate PerspectiveHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Bakerton Road (County Route 27), on the right when traveling north.
"General J.R. Jones was directed to make a demonstration against the enemy's right." Jackson's official report Confederate Colonel Edmund Pendleton wrote about the night of September 14, 1862, from his perspective across the road on School . . . — Map (db m155727) HM
68West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — The First Line of Defense: The Union Skirmish LineHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near Bakerton Road (County Route 27), on the right when traveling north.
After sunset on September 14, 1862, the Confederate cannons across the road on School House Ridge vanished in the darkness. The features of the landscape began to blur as the shell-shocked Union soldiers on Bolivar Heights wondered if they could . . . — Map (db m5394) HM
69West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — The First Year of War
On Prospect Avenue at Whitman Avenue on Prospect Avenue.
"The people for the most part were tongue-tied with terror...overwhelmed with ruin..." Porte Crayon, war correspondent April 18, 1861 The armory and arsenal's destruction signaled the beginning of the war and the end of prosperity in . . . — Map (db m155722) HM
70West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — The Murphy Farm
Near Shoreline Drive.
Established 1869 Alexander Murphy 1840-1931 Mollie M. Murphy 1869-1945 Mary Murphy 1834-1908 William J. Murphy 1872-1931 Historical events on the Farm: Battle of Harpers Ferry September 13-15, 1862 General Philip Sheridan's Fortification August . . . — Map (db m13275) HM
71West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — The Trap Closes
Near Shenandoah St..
"General Hill, charge and give them the bayonet." Major Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson September 15, 1862 Maj. Gen. A. P. Hill's division received orders from Stonewall Jackson to flank the Federal left on . . . — Map (db m12057) HM
72West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Union Skirmish Line
On Bakerton Road, on the right when traveling north.
Union troops on the crest and slope of Bolivar Heights to the East were attacked by Confederates lead by Gen. Jackson from School House Ridge to the West on 14 Sept. 1862. Private Paylor, Co. D., 111th NY, recalled this as "an awful fight." This . . . — Map (db m2944) HM
73West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — We Began Firing At Will: The 111th New York RegimentHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On Bakerton Road (County Route 27), on the right when traveling north.
"We went below and formed in line of battle and laid down on our arms. Sleep was out of the question but of course, human nature will succumb and drowsiness was general among the boys. It must have been nine O'Clock or more by this time. All of a . . . — Map (db m5396) HM
74West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — "Coloured" Grave Yard
On South Seminary Street at East Avis Street, on the right when traveling south on South Seminary Street.
On December 16, 1836, Andrew Hunter and his wife Elizabeth sold this lot to the Trustees of the City of Charles Town and their successors in office forever, for the sum of fifty dollars. This lot was intended for and always be used as a potters . . . — Map (db m157734) HM
75West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — A Brief History of the Old Presbyterian Church in Charles Town
On South West Street at West Congress Street, on the right when traveling south on South West Street.
On February 17, 1787, Charles Washington, founder of Charles Town, executed a deed granting a lot to the Board of Trustees of the Charles Town Presbyterian Church. Washington was paid 20 pounds "current money of Virginia" for the lot which was in . . . — Map (db m148887) HM
76West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — African-American Schools in Charles Town, West Virginia
On South West Street at West Congress Street, on the right when traveling south on South West Street. Reported permanently removed.
The first school for African-Americans in Charles Town started in December 1865 at the home of Achilles and Ellen Dixon, African-Americans who lived on Liberty Street. It was taught by Freewill Baptist Missionary Anne Dudley. Between 1868 . . . — Map (db m132452) HM
77West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Brownfields to GreenfieldsTransforming a Contaminated Industrial Site to a Community Park & Nature Area
On South Mt. Parvo Street at West Congress Street, on the right when traveling south on South Mt. Parvo Street.
This 5.26-acre waterside community park was created through a collaborative effort by the City of Charles Town, the Evitts Run Conservancy, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the West Virginia Department of Environmental PRotection. . . . — Map (db m148888) HM
78West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Charles Town
On Washington Street (U.S. 340) at South George Street (Route 151), on the left when traveling west on Washington Street.
Founded in 1786 by Charles Washington, brother of the President. Here John Brown was tried and convicted of treason. Home of W. L. Wilson, Postmaster General, 1896, who here started the first rural free delivery in America. — Map (db m1650) HM
79West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Charles Town Post OfficeJefferson County Jail
On South George Street (West Virginia Route 115) at Washington Street (West Virginia Route 51), on the right when traveling south on South George Street.
On the site of this Post Office stood the Jefferson County Jail where John Brown and his fellow prisoners were confined after their raid on Harpers Ferry in October 1859. After court trial John Brown was taken from the Jail here to his death on . . . — Map (db m2027) HM
80West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Charles Town Schools
On Congress Street at Charles Street, on the left when traveling west on Congress Street.
Following the election in 1846, Jefferson County became one of the first counties in Virginia to approve free schools for white students. Prior to that time boys and girls paid to attend private academies. The county was divided into 27 districts . . . — Map (db m103644) HM
81West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Charles Washington Hallcirca 1874 — City of Charles Town, 1786 —
On North George Street (West Virginia Route 115) just north of West Washington Street (West Virginia Route 51), on the right when traveling south.
Situated on one of the four corners laid out by Charles Washington. Dedicated for public use, the Hall has served as a market house, dance hall and restaurant. — Map (db m148886) HM
82West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Charles Washington's Town
On George Street at Washington Street, on the right when traveling north on George Street.
You now stand in the center of a town that is almost as old as the United States, laid out on 80 acres of Washington lands in 1786 - four years before the First President took office. Charles Washington, youngest of the five brothers of the . . . — Map (db m12600) HM
83West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Colonel Charles Washington
On East Washington Street (West Virginia Route 51) near George Street (West Virginia Route 115).
Exitus Acta Probat. 1738–1799. In Memory of Colonel Charles Washington, brother of General George Washington and founder of Charles Town, Virginia (now West Virginia) in 1786. The four corner lots at Washington and George Streets were . . . — Map (db m2029) HM
84West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Confederate Soldiers of Jefferson County1861 - 1865
On E Washington Street (U.S. 340 Bus) at N George Street, on the right when traveling west on E Washington Street.
In honor and memory of the Confederate soldiers of Jefferson County, who served in the War Between the States. — Map (db m41727) HM
85West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Davenport Brothers Revolutionary War Memorial
To the Glory of Patriotism In memory of Abraham Davenport and his wife Mary Simms. Their seven sons were soldiers of the American Revolution ——————— Stephen, Abraham, John, Marmaduke, . . . — Map (db m103512) WM
86West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Edge Hill CemeteryJohn Brown Raid Victims
On S Seminary Street at E Congress Street, on the left when traveling south on S Seminary Street.
Edge Hill Cemetery contains the graves of Fontaine Beckham and John Avis, two participants in the saga of John Brown’s Raid in October 1859. Beckham was the mayor of Harpers Ferry then and one of four civilian casualties. Ironically, though John . . . — Map (db m41672) HM
87West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Etter Hall
On Congress Street west of George Street (West Virginia Route 115), on the left when traveling west.
In 1799, prominent Charles Town resident Samuel Washington sold the two lots that house this building to James Duke, a freed indentured servant. Eventually, physician Charles Taylor Richardson took ownership of the land and property. Dr. Richardson . . . — Map (db m103606) HM
88West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Etter Hall
On Congress Street west of George Street (West Virginia Route 115), on the left when traveling west.
Etter Hall is named after American Public University System's (APUS) founder, Major James P. Etter. Major Etter served in the United States Marines for twenty-one years. He served two tours in Vietnam and received two Purple Hearts. Major Etter . . . — Map (db m103607) HM
89West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Explore the Washington Heritage Trail / Afoot in Historic Charles Town
On George Street at Washington Street on George Street.
Side A Explore the Washington Heritage Trail George Washington knew the portion of the Shenandoah Valley that forms West Virginia's Eastern Panhandle well. The Washington Heritage Trail lets you drive the scenic backroads that join . . . — Map (db m12596) HM
90West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Focus of ActionJefferson County in the Civil War
On N Mildred Street at E Washington Street, on the right when traveling north on N Mildred Street.
Jefferson County’s association with significant events in Civil War history began in October 1859, when abolitionist John Brown raided the U.S. Arsenal at Harpers Ferry. Quickly captured, Brown and his followers were brought here to Charles Town . . . — Map (db m41671) HM
91West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Freedom's Call — (Original Marker) —
On E. Washington Street (West Virginia Route 51), on the right when traveling east.
Grave of Robert Rutherford, member of committee which in 1775 replied to orders of Lord Dunmore for Virginians to join British army or be held as rebels. This defiance was a gauntlet hurled at Dunmore's feet. (1½ Mi. N. E.) — Map (db m12624) HM
92West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Freedom's Call — (New Marker) —
On E. Washington Street, on the right when traveling west.
Grave of Robert Rutherford, member of committee which in 1775 replied to orders of Lord Dunmore for Virginians to join British army or be held as rebels. This defiance was a gauntlet hurled at Dunmore's feet. (1½ Mi. NE) — Map (db m12630) HM
93West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — George Upshur Manning
. . . — Map (db m103526) WM
94West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — George Washington Turner
There sleeps beneath all that was mortal of GEORGE W. TURNER Born at Wheatland in the County of Jefferson Jany. 11th 1814. Graduated at West Point 1831, and fell nobly maintaining the rights of his State at Harpers . . . — Map (db m103553) HM
95West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Happy Retreat
On Mordington Ave. at Mordington Rd., on the left when traveling north on Mordington Ave..
Now called Mordington, home of Colonel Charles Washington, founder of Charles Town, Virginia (now West Virginia). His brother General George Washington often visited him here. Colonel Washington died in September 1799. He and his wife Mildred are . . . — Map (db m12070) HM
96West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Holl's Pump1840
On West Washington Street (State Highway 51) at West Water Street on West Washington Street. Reported missing.
Famous watering site for the Union Soldiers and Horses during War between the States. Restored 1967 by Charles Town Women's Club Restored 1987 by Charles Town Women's Club, City Council & Bicentennial Committee — Map (db m58627) HM
97West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — In Memoriam
On Seminary Street at Congress Street, on the left when traveling south on Seminary Street.
Dedicated to the memory of men and women who served in the Armed Forces of our country. — Map (db m103466) WM
98West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Jefferson County CourthouseWhere John Brown Was Tried
On North George Street at East Washington Street (U.S. 340), on the right when traveling north on North George Street.
In this courthouse, John Brown, the abolitionist, was tried and found guilty of treason, conspiracy and murder. He was hanged four blocks from here on December 2, 1859. Visitors are Welcome.Map (db m1742) HM
99West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Jefferson County World War II Memorial
On E Washington Street (U.S. 340 Bus) at N George Street, on the right when traveling west on E Washington Street.
In honor and memory of the men and women of Jefferson County who served their country in World War II • 1701 served • 31 died • — Map (db m41729) HM
100West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — John Brown Hanging SiteCreation of a Martyr — Prelude to War —
On South Samuel Street at East Hunter Street on South Samuel Street.
This is where seven men were hanged in December 1859 and March 1860 for their part in John Brown’s Raid on Harpers Ferry. The scaffold stood here in a large field. A month after the trial, on December 2, 1859, John Brown was the first to die. He . . . — Map (db m41650) HM

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Feb. 28, 2021