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Historical Markers and War Memorials in McDowell County, West Virginia

 
Clickable Map of McDowell County, West Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg McDowell County, WV (35) Mercer County, WV (35) Mingo County, WV (22) Wyoming County, WV (32) Buchanan County, VA (3) Tazewell County, VA (29)  McDowellCounty(35) McDowell County (35)  MercerCounty(35) Mercer County (35)  MingoCounty(22) Mingo County (22)  WyomingCounty(32) Wyoming County (32)  BuchananCountyVirginia(3) Buchanan County (3)  TazewellCounty(29) Tazewell County (29)
Welch is the county seat for McDowell County
Adjacent to McDowell County, West Virginia
      Mercer County (35)  
      Mingo County (22)  
      Wyoming County (32)  
      Buchanan County, Virginia (3)  
      Tazewell County, Virginia (29)  
 
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1West Virginia (McDowell County), Ashland — Ashland Coal and Coke — National Coal Heritage Trail —
Like so many of the mining companies in the Pocahontas field, Ashland Coal & Coke Company was organized by men from the Pennsylvania anthracite region. Several of the original stockholders were from Ashland, Pennsylvania, and for this reason, the . . . Map (db m178968) HM
2West Virginia (McDowell County), Ashland — Miners’ Pay — National Coal Heritage Trail —
From the perspective of the coal company, the company store had a vital economic function. In an age when sixty percent of the mine’s cost of production consisted of wages, it ensured that the flow of money was circular. Miners’ wages flowed . . . Map (db m178984) HM
3West Virginia (McDowell County), Ashland — No Work Tomorrow — National Coal Heritage Trail —
Throughout much of the history of mining, miners have been hampered in their efforts to earn a living wage by the lack of steady work. In the years prior to the 1930s, when unionization and mechanization of loading began to change the industry, the . . . Map (db m178974) HM
4West Virginia (McDowell County), Ashland — The Company StoreAshland — National Coal Heritage Trail —
Ashland is located along the North Fork of Elkhorn Creek, one of the most heavily developed coal regions in the Pocahontas field. At its height, the North Fork valley held an estimated ten thousand people, some of whom worked for the Ashland Coal . . . Map (db m178973) HM
5West Virginia (McDowell County), Ashland — Young Miners — National Coal Heritage Trail —
Child labor was common in West Virginia during the hand loading era, which took place from the onset of coal mining in the 19th century until around 1930. Mining was a skilled craft, and it took a number of years to learn. A young miner usually . . . Map (db m178964) HM
6West Virginia (McDowell County), Bartley — Bartley Mine Disaster
Near here in Bartley No. 1 shaft mine, on Jan. 10, 1940, fire and explosion killed ninety-one miners. The names of the men who lost their lives are inscribed on monument erected in the park by the United Mine Workers of America.Map (db m1860) HM
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7West Virginia (McDowell County), Iaeger — Lewis’ Camp
Here Major (later General) Andrew Lewis camped, February 26, 1756, with Virginia troops on way to attack Indians who had been raiding the settlements. Bitter cold and food shortage brought disaster to the expedition.Map (db m200621) HM
8West Virginia (McDowell County), Kimball — 2991–2992 Floods — National Coal Heritage Trail —
Within a ten month period, two devastating floods impacted McDowell County and its residents. The first major flood occurred on Sunday, July 8, 2001, after a series of heavy thunderstorms dropped over eight inches of rain. By early afternoon, the . . . Map (db m178770) HM
9West Virginia (McDowell County), Kimball — African Americans — National Coal Heritage Trail —
cDowell County had the largest concentration of African Americans in the West Virginia coal fields. Between the 1870s and 1900s, African Americans came to West Virginia to construct the Norfolk & Western, Chesapeake & Ohio, and the Virginian . . . Map (db m178858) HM
10West Virginia (McDowell County), Kimball — Carswell Mining Complex
Mining at Carswell, a mile north of Kimball, started in May 1914 and continued until the complex closed in 1965. The mines had a history of fatal accidents that resulted in the deaths of 65 men. Explosions at the vivian (1916), Kimball (1919) & . . . Map (db m178659) HM
11West Virginia (McDowell County), Kimball — Coal Company TownKimball — National Coal Heritage Trail —
The town of Kimball was named for Frederick Kimball, Norfolk and Western Railway’s (N&W, now Norfolk Southern Corporation) second president—serving from 1881-1903. Frederick Kimball was a civil engineer with an interest in geology who helped to . . . Map (db m178876) HM
12West Virginia (McDowell County), Kimball — Frederick Kimball — National Coal Heritage Trail —
Frederick James Kimball (1844-1903) was responsible for the Norfolk & Western Railway being built through McDowell County. Kimball was born on March 6,1844, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He worked for railroad companies in Pennsylvania and England . . . Map (db m178855) HM
13West Virginia (McDowell County), Kimball — Heartland Corridor ProjectKimball — National Coal Heritage Trail —
The West Vivian Tunnel (approximately 820 feet west of this sign) was constructed about 1907 by the Norfolk and Western Railway (N&W, now Norfolk Southern Corporation), and is named for a small unincorporated community about one mile east of . . . Map (db m178956) HM
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14West Virginia (McDowell County), Kimball — Houston Company Store — National Coal Heritage Trail —
In the early 1920s, David Houston, a prominent coal baron and owner of the Houston Coal and Coke Company, built the Houston Company Store. Unlike other company stores, the Houston Company Store was built on the edge of Carswell Hollow along Route . . . Map (db m178862) HM
15West Virginia (McDowell County), Kimball — Kimball War Memorial — National Coal Heritage Trail —
In the 1920s, a group of World War I veterans approached the McDowell County Commission to discuss their plans for building a new memorial that would recognize African American veterans. The county approved the plan and set aside $25,000 for the . . . Map (db m178735) HM
16West Virginia (McDowell County), Kimball — World War I Memorial
This structure, dedicated on February 11, 1928, was first building in U.S. built to honor African Americans for their military service during World War I. This Classical-style building, designed by Welch architect Hassel T. Hicks, was erected with . . . Map (db m1823) HM
17West Virginia (McDowell County), Northfork — Elizabeth Simpson Drewry
First black woman elected to West Virginia legislature, 1950; retied in 1964. Leading advocate for labor and education; in 1955 she sponsored bill to allow women to serve on juries. Born 22 September 1893, she began teaching in 1910. Drewry served . . . Map (db m1822) HM
18West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — Bushwhackers in McDowell
In June, 1862, Lt. Col. William Russell (4th WV) ordered Company D to McDowell County after learning that E.V. Harman and 100 rebels were terrorizing area Unionists. Union troops arrived to find that the guerillas had left the area in order . . . Map (db m178654) HM
19West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — City of Welch MuralMcDowell Street, 1920’s — 1858 – 2008 —
City of Welch was founded in 1894 and named in honor of Capt. Isaiah A. Welch. Welch has served as the county seat of McDowell County since 1892. Early as 1919-the Veterans Day Parade began and remains the oldest of its kind in the . . . Map (db m178520) HM
20West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — Ethnic Population of McDowell County — National Coal Heritage Trail —
In the early 1900s, McDowell County had a large and diverse ethnic population. Most of the immigrants came from Europe with the largest concentration from Italy, Hungary, Russia, Poland, and Austria. Smaller numbers traveled from Australia, . . . Map (db m178621) HM
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21West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — Hatfield & ChambersKilled on the Courthouse Steps — National Coal Heritage Trail —
The McDowell County Courthouse was the site of a significant event in West Virginia’s Mine Wars. On August 1, 1921, Sidney “Sid” Hatfield, former Matewan Chief of Police and hero to union coal miners, and his friend, Deputy Ed Chambers, arrived at . . . Map (db m178569) HM
22West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — Heartland Corridor ProjectWelch — National Coal Heritage Trail —
The topography of Welch and surrounding area consists of steep hills, V-shaped valleys, and sharp ridges. Welch is tucked into this rugged terrain, with the town built on the narrow valley floor—less than 1,000 feet wide in places—of Tug Fork and . . . Map (db m178535) HM
23West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — Isaiah A. Welch — National Coal Heritage Trail —
Captain Isaiah Arnold Welch (circa 1824-1902) was a land surveyor, civil engineer, and captain in the Confederate Army. Welch was hired by Major Jedediah Hotchkiss, a cartographer, to survey the coal and timber values in southern West Virginia. In . . . Map (db m178572) HM
24West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — Julius Cartwright Foster, “Corky”Lance Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps — Sept. 28, 1938 – Feb. 22, 1968 —
He gallantly gave his life in combat in the Quang Tri Province in South Vietnam during the battle for Khe Sanh, as a member of Echo Company, 2nd Battalion, 29th Marines, 3rd Marine Division. Fighting for the freedom from communism for the people of . . . Map (db m178656) HM WM
25West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — Martha H. Moore Parkway
By proclamation of Welch City Council, Tug Street was renamed in honor of Mayor Martha H. Moore. Martha H. Moore was the 25” person to serve as mayor of the City of Welch. Martha Moore was born in Welch and began her public service to the city she . . . Map (db m203918) HM
26West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — Marthan H. Moore Riverfront Park — City of Welch, West Virginia — Est. 1894 —
Martha H. Moore Riverfront Park was developed in the aftermath of the devastating flood of May 2002. Several buildings along McDowell Street in the downtown area were damaged repeatedly to an extent that some of the structures had to be demolished . . . Map (db m178543) HM
27West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — McDowell County — National Coal Heritage Trail —
On February 20, 1858, the General Assembly of Virginia passed legislation creating McDowell County from the western section of Tazewell County. McDowell County was named in honor of James McDowell, the governor of Virginia between 1843 and 1846, . . . Map (db m178627) HM
28West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — McDowell County Courthouse — National Coal Heritage Trail —
The McDowell County Courthouse stands on a grassy lot overlooking Wyoming Street. Welch was selected as the county seat after a lengthy debate ever its location. Prior to the 1892 election, the courthouse had been located in Perryville and . . . Map (db m178550) HM
29West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — McDowell County Courthouse / Sid Hatfield
McDowell County Courthouse. After Welch was named the county seat in 1892, Frank Pierce Milburn designed the building, constructed 1893-94, with addition in 1909. Added to National Register, 1979. On August 1, 1921. former . . . Map (db m178642) HM
30West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — McDowell County Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to all veterans of McDowell County to the honor and glory of those who bravely served to keep our country a land of freedomMap (db m203919) WM
31West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — McDowell in the Civil War
McDowell County had no slaves in 1960, but when civil war came in 1961 many residents supported the Confederacy and the county took no part in early WV statehood efforts. Constitutional Convention delegates debated the inclusion of McDowell and . . . Map (db m178643) HM
32West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — Merci Boxcar
Boxcar P. L. M. K -134980 was given to the people of West Virginia by the people of France on 2/7/49. It was one of many used during World War I and World War II to haul troops and supplies to and from the front lines. Printed on its side is . . . Map (db m178646) HM
33West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — Welch
Incorporated, 1893, and named for Captain I.A. Welch, who led in the coal development of this county and founded the city. Here is the first memorial building erected in the United States to the memory of the veterans of World War I.Map (db m178547) HM
34West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — Welch Emergency Hospital
This is a State institution. It was founded in 1900 and has been maintained as a general hospital for treatment of charity and semi-charity medical and surgical cases.Map (db m178518) HM
35West Virginia (McDowell County), Welch — Welch History — National Coal Heritage Trail —
Welch is named for Captain Isaiah Welch, a surveyor whose accounts of rich coal seams in the Elkhorn Valley helped encourage development of the Norfolk and Western Railway (N&W, now Norfolk Southern Corporation). In 1888 Captain Welch bought land at . . . Map (db m178524) HM
 
 
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Dec. 6, 2022