“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Ohio County, West Virginia

Clickable Map of Ohio County, West Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Ohio County, WV (75) Brooke County, WV (40) Marshall County, WV (35) Belmont County, OH (53) Jefferson County, OH (82) Washington County, PA (89)  OhioCounty(75) Ohio County (75)  BrookeCounty(40) Brooke County (40)  MarshallCounty(35) Marshall County (35)  BelmontCountyOhio(53) Belmont County (53)  JeffersonCounty(82) Jefferson County (82)  WashingtonCountyPennsylvania(89) Washington County (89)
Adjacent to Ohio County, West Virginia
    Brooke County (40)
    Marshall County (35)
    Belmont County, Ohio (53)
    Jefferson County, Ohio (82)
    Washington County, Pennsylvania (89)
Touch name on list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1West Virginia (Ohio County), Bethlehem — Walter Reuther
The son of German immigrants, Reuther was born 1 September 1907 in Wheeling, Influenced by his father's work in the labor movement, he moved to Detroit, where he worked for Ford and organized auto workers. One of 20th century's most influential . . . Map (db m78484) HM
2West Virginia (Ohio County), Edgwood — Mount de Chantal
Established in 1848 and incorporated as the Wheeling Female Academy in 1852. Founded by the Sisters of the Visitation and the Right Reverend R. V. Whelan, Bishop of Richmond, to educate Catholic women. Academy moved to this site and into the main . . . Map (db m31056) HM
3West Virginia (Ohio County), Elm Grove — “Monument Place”
On site of Fort Shepherd is this mansion, built in 1798 by Moses Shepherd and known as Shepherd Hall. Among its guests were Lafayette, James K. Polk, Andrew Jackson, and Henry Clay. Clay's support brought National Pike here.Map (db m750) HM
4West Virginia (Ohio County), Elm Grove — Elm Grove Stone Bridge
Built in 1817 by Moses Shepherd, a prominent Ohio Countian, as part of the National Road. Constructed of uncoursed limestone, but covered by concrete in 1958, it is the oldest extant three span elliptical arch bridge in the state. Also known as . . . Map (db m64226) HM
5West Virginia (Ohio County), Elm Grove — Forks of Wheeling Creek
George Washington described the land here in 1770. The French expedition headed by Capt. Celeron buried leaden plates at the mouth in 1749 and claimed the land for France. De Bonnescamp’s map gives creek name–Kanonouaras.Map (db m749) HM
6West Virginia (Ohio County), Elm Grove — In Honor of All who Served
In Honor of All who Served in World War 1917-1918Map (db m71011) WM
7West Virginia (Ohio County), Elm Grove — Jesse Lee Reno
Major General Jesse Lee Reno was born at Wheeling. June 20, 1823. He served in the Mexican War. He was killed at South Mountain, Maryland, September 14, 1862, while commanding the 9th Army Corps, United States Volunteers. Major General Reno was West . . . Map (db m33915) HM
8West Virginia (Ohio County), Elm Grove — Madonna of the Trail
(South Face) N.S.D.A.R. Memorial to the Pioneer Mothers of the Covered Wagon Days. (East Face) To the pioneer mothers of our mountain state, whose courage, optimism, live and sacrifice made possible the National Highway that united east . . . Map (db m498) HM
9West Virginia (Ohio County), Elm Grove — State’s Birthplace
West Virginia was organized in 1861 at Washington Hall, 12th and Market streets. The Linsly Institute Building, Eoff and 15th streets, was the first Capitol. From 1875 to 1885, the Capitol was in the County-City Building.Map (db m729) HM
10West Virginia (Ohio County), Elm Grove — The Madonna of the Trail
The statue before you was created as a tribute to the pioneer women who braved the uncertainties of the great journey west. The Madonna memorials were a project of the Daughters of the American Revolution and were dedicated between 1926 and 1929. . . . Map (db m500) HM
11West Virginia (Ohio County), Elm Grove — The National Pike
The National Pike, called the “Old Cumberland Road” , was started in 1811 and used to Wheeling in 1817 and by mail coaches from Washington by 1818. Most of it followed the Nemacolin Path and Braddock’s Road from Cumberland, Md.Map (db m512) HM
12West Virginia (Ohio County), Roneys Point — Roney’s Point
Here is located the historic “Heimberger House,” one of the first and most famous of the numerous stopping places which sprang up to server the traffic on the National Road. Still standing, it is now called the “Old Stone . . . Map (db m66677) HM
13West Virginia (Ohio County), Triadelphia — Triadelphia
Named for three friends. Near this spot, on Middle Wheeling Creek, Jonathan Link built a blockhouse in 1780. Next year a band of 20 Indians killed Link and two companions and captured and tomahawked Presley Peak and William Hawkins.Map (db m64379) HM
14West Virginia (Ohio County), Valley Grove — Ohio County / State of Pennsylvania
Ohio County. Formed in 1776 from West Augusta. Named for the river which bears an Indian name meaning “Beautiful River.” Scene of last battle of the Revolution, 1782. Visited by La Salle, Celoron, Gist, Washington, and later . . . Map (db m9384) HM
15West Virginia (Ohio County), Valley Grove — Ray’s Arithmetic
North, Joseph Ray, who wrote the celebrated Ray’s Arithmetic, was born, Nov. 25, 1807. At the age of 16, Ray went to Cincinnati where in 1834 he published the first of his series of textbooks on arithmetic and algebra.Map (db m518) HM
16West Virginia (Ohio County), Valley Grove — The Dwight D. Eisenhower Highway
In August 1973, the U.S. Congress designated a cross-country stretch of Interstate as the “Dwight D. Eisenhower Highway,” in tribute to President Eisenhower’s early recognition of the need for a national network of highways to enhance . . . Map (db m511) HM
17West Virginia (Ohio County), West Liberty — West Liberty
First organized town in the Ohio Valley. Formed in 1787. First court of Ohio County met at Black's Cabin here in 1777. Near by is grave of Captain Samuel Brady, hero of the Pennsylvania and Virginia frontiers.Map (db m39663) HM
18West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Alexis de Tocqueville
. . . Map (db m64227) HM
19West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Augustus Pollack
Erected by Trade Union Members of United States in memory of Augustus Pollack whose business life and actions were always in sympathy with organized labor.Map (db m16250) HM
20West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — B & O Railroad“All Aboard!”
The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad reached Wheeling on Christmas Eve 1852 and was one of the best presents the city of Wheeling ever received. From that Christmas until the last “All Aboard!” was shouted on June 30, 1961, our city utilized . . . Map (db m39785) HM
21West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Baltimore and Ohio Passenger Station
. . . Map (db m72277) HM
22West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Board of Trade and Court Theatre
On this site stood the first Ohio County Courthouse whose cornerstone was laid in 1839. In the 1890s, the Courthouse was razed and replaced by the Board of Trade Building and Court Theatre. Wheeling architect Edward Batee Franzheim designed the . . . Map (db m71103) HM
23West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Camp CarlileUnion Camp at Wheeling Island — The First Campaign —
first paragraph On the morning of May 14, 1861, the companies of Capt. Andrew H. Britt and Edward W. Stephens marched across the Wheeling Suspension Bridge to Wheeling Island. They settled into camp on the northwestern corner of the . . . Map (db m92543) HM
24West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Carriage House Glass
Waddington Farms was the summer home of Mr. and Mrs. Earl W. Oglebay. Today the farm is one of the finest municipal parks in the country — Oglebay Park. The map above is from a plan created for Mr. Oglebay in 1909 for the proposed arrangement . . . Map (db m139630) HM
25West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Charles Ellet, Jr.(1810 – 1862)
This notable American engineer designed the Wheeling Suspension Bridge, completed in 1849. Ellet’s other engineering accomplishments included: improving flood control and navigation of mid-western rivers; planning the layout of railways . . . Map (db m75843) HM
26West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Congressional Medal of HonorRecipients of Ohio County
Civil War 1865     Josiah M. Curtis 1865     Daniel A. Wood 1865     Joseph McCauslin 1865     Thomas Anderson Indian Wars 1869     Michael Corcoran 1874     William Dixon 1875     Daniel Bishop Noncombatant . . . Map (db m117460) WM
27West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Farm Residence
Waddington Farms was the summer home of Mr. and Mrs. Earl W. Oglebay. Today the farm is one of the finest municipal parks in the country — Oglebay Park. The map above is from a plan created for Mr. Oglebay in 1909 for the proposed arrangement . . . Map (db m139629) HM
28West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — First State Capitol
First Government of West Virginia established here on June 20, 1863 with Arthur I. Boreman as Governor. This building served as the state capitol until 1870 and again from 1875 to 1876. Approved by the Wheeling Area Historical SocietyMap (db m71063) HM
29West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — First State Capitol
Built in 1859 for Linsly Institute, this building served as the first capitol of West Virginia from 1863 to 1870. The inauguration of the state's first governor, Arthur I. Boreman, was held here on June 20, 1863. West Virginia ratification of the . . . Map (db m142390) HM
30West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Formal Gardens
Waddington Farms was the summer home of Mr. and Mrs. Earl W. Oglebay. Today the farm is one of the finest municipal parks in the country — Oglebay Park. The map above is from a plan created for Mr. Oglebay in 1909 for the proposed . . . Map (db m139619) HM
31West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Fort Henry
Attacked, 1777, by Wyandot, Mingo, and Shawnee Indians who were repulsed by garrison under David Shepherd after white scouting parties had lost heavily. Maj. Samuel McCullough made famous ride over cliff during attack. Last battle of the . . . Map (db m71075) HM
32West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Fort Henry"The Bloody Year of the Three Sevens" — Wheeling National Heritage Area —
Planned by General George Rogers Clarke and constructed in 1774 by Wheeling settlers, Fort Henry withstood a number of sieges. The first major battle was during the Revolutionary War in September 1777 when the British led 300 Wyandot, Mingo, and . . . Map (db m71165) HM
33West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Gibson-Linn
Among many daring frontier exploits was the journey of Captain George Gibson and Lieutenant William Linn to New Orleans, 1776-77. Despite danger and opposition, they secured powder for use of Fort Henry against the Indians.Map (db m79896) HM
34West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Gordon Battelle
Methodist minister and educator Gordon Battelle was a delegate to state's first Constitutional Convention in 1861. Battelle was instrumental in the inclusion of free public education, but his efforts at gradual emancipation of slaves failed. In . . . Map (db m142391) HM
35West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Greenhouses
Waddington Farms was the summer home of Mr. and Mrs. Early Oglebay. Today the farm is one of the finest municipal parks in the country — Oglebay Park. The map above is from a plan created for Mr. Oglebay in 1909 for the proposed arrangement of . . . Map (db m139576) HM
36West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Guest House
Waddington Farms was the summer home of Mr. and Mrs. Earl W. Oglebay. Today the farm is one of the finest municipal parks in the country — Oglebay Park. The map above is from a plan created for Mr. Oglebay in 1909 for the proposed arrangement . . . Map (db m139585) HM
37West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — In Memoriam
Dedicated May 31, 1993Map (db m78793) WM
38West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Independence HallBeginning of Statehood — The First Campaign —
This building, erected as a Federal customs house in 1859, is known as West Virginia Independence Hall. Considered the birthplace of West Virginia, it is the site of a series of events that led to the state’s creation in 1863. In spring and . . . Map (db m34566) HM
39West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Lewis and Clark
Meriwether Lewis arrived here on 7 September 1803 on first leg of trip to explore and study lands, natural features and resources, waterways, and animal life of West. Noted Fort Henry, procured second pirogue to transport supplies, picked up goods . . . Map (db m2378) HM
40West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — List House
Built for Henry Kilbourne List in 1858; Renaissance Revival style house given to the Woman's Club in 1941 and purchased by the Red Cross in 1946.Map (db m16252) HM
41West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Mail Pouch Tobacco"Chew Mail Pouch - Treat Yourself to the Best" — Wheeling National Heritage Area —
Mail Pouch is one of Wheeling's most recognizable products. Aaron and Samuel Bloch began making chewing tobacco after experimenting with "cigar scrap." This afterthought quickly became a favorite with local coal miners and soon the rest of the . . . Map (db m83120) HM
42West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Mansion
Waddington Farms was the summer home of Mr. and Mrs. Earl W. Oglebay. Today the farm is one of the finest municipal parks in the country — Oglebay Park. The map above is from a plan created for Mr. Oglebay in 1909 for the proposed arrangement . . . Map (db m139621) HM
43West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Marsh Wheeling StogiesA "Workingman's Stogie"
Operating in Wheeling for over 161 years, Marsh Wheeling Stogies was the oldest continuous cigar manufacturing operation in the United States. Reflecting Wheeling's early pioneer heritage and spirit, these stogies and their boxes became a symbol of . . . Map (db m71129) HM
44West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — McColloch’s Leap
Major Samuel McColloch daring scout, gallant soldier while attempting the relief of Fort Henry at Wheeling September, 1777 escaped an overwhelming body of Indians by forcing his horse over this precipiceMap (db m513) HM
45West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Oglebay Mansion MuseumBurton Center
Former Waddington Farm residence of Earl William Oglebay 1849 — 1926 and Sallie Paull Howell Oglebay 1856 — 1916 Daughter Sarita Oglebay Burton 1882 — 1930 Grandson Courtney Burton, Jr. 1912 — 1992 . . . Map (db m39753) HM
46West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Ohio County / State of Ohio
Ohio County. Formed in 1776 from West Augusta. Named for the river which bears an Indian name meaning “Beautiful River.” Scene of last battle of the Revolution, 1782. Visited by La Salle, Celoron, Gist, Washington, and later . . . Map (db m9386) HM
47West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Old Custom House
Designed by federal architect Ammi B. Young for use as Custom House, Post Office and Federal Court. Constructed 1856-9 at cost of $96,918. Convention here in 1861 helped set stage for West Virginia Statehood. State’s first constitution approved here . . . Map (db m34564) HM
48West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Our Lady of Mount Lebanon Veterans Memorial
Erected by the grateful Parish of Our Lady of Mount Lebanon in honor of those who served their country and dedicated to the memory of those who gave their lives for our liberty World War II David Brice • Joseph Bryan • Nicholas . . . Map (db m83125) WM
49West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Pennsylvania DepotAccess to the Prosperous East
The mighty Pennsylvania Railroad rolled into Wheeling on February 24, 1878. It provided access north to Pittsburgh and south to Parkersburg for Wheeling's industrial products. It also enabled Wheeling's farmers and manufacturers to increase trade . . . Map (db m71171) HM
50West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Serpentine DriveOglebay
"A perfect road winds up the hillside, between banks of well-kept shrubberey, leading one at last out onto the hilltop, where is the vast and glorious lawn of Waddington. Thereon all are manners of beautiful trees, shrubs, fruits and flowers, . . . Map (db m139631) HM
51West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Site of Wheeling High School1909 - 1976 — "The Old Gold and Blue" —
On this site stood Wheeling High School. The bricks and the mortar are gone, but the memory of her will linger on in the hearts of those who loved her.Map (db m83126) HM
52West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Slave Auction Block"Sold down river"
Although the residents of the western part of Virginia owned far fewer slaves than their counterparts to the east, antebellum Wheeling was part of the social and political fabric of slaveholding Virginia. A slave-auction block stood at the . . . Map (db m71029) HM
53West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — South Lawn
Waddington Farms was the summer home of Mr. and Mrs. Earl W. Oglebay. Today the farm is one of the finest municipal parks in the country — Oglebay Park. The map above is from a plan created for Mr. Oglebay in 1909 for the proposed . . . Map (db m139622) HM
54West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — South Side World Wars Memorial
Dedicated in honor of the men and women of the South Side who served in World Wars I and IIMap (db m83124) WM
55West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — The Athenaeum"Lincoln's Bastille"
The Athenaeum, once the biggest building in Wheeling, stood here. It was constructed in 1854, with three stories supported by cast-iron roof and floor beams. It served as an adjunct of the nearby Baltimore and Ohio Railroad station, to encourage . . . Map (db m71019) HM
56West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — The Athenaeum
Built in 1853-1854 for use as a theater, warehouse, and office space, it was the largest building in Wheeling at the time. During the Civil War, it became a Union military prison, mostly for the transitory holding of POWS and Southern sympathizers, . . . Map (db m167246) HM
57West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — The First CampaignCivil War Begins in the Mountains of (West) Virginia — The First Campaign —
West Virginia, born of a nation divided, was the setting for the first campaign of America’s Civil War. Although still part of Virginia in1861, many citizens of the west remained loyal to the Union, rather than the Confederacy. By late May, Union . . . Map (db m34565) HM
58West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — The Mingo
The Mingo, original inhabitant of this valley, extends greetings and peace to all wayfarers.Map (db m345) HM
59West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — The Siege of Fort HenryThe Last Battle of the American Revolution
. . . Map (db m71096) HM
60West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — The Steamboat "Washington"
In June 1816, Henry Miller Shreve launched his steamboat "Washington" from Wheeling, where it was built. The boat represented a major shift from the Fulton-Livingston design of larger steamships. Its minimal draft made it particularly well suited to . . . Map (db m142393) HM
61West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — To The Defenders of the Union1861 — 1865.
. . . Map (db m39746) HM
62West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Vineyard Hills
Site of 31 acre vineyard owned and operated by Father John Peter Kreusch (1818-88), German priest who served Saint Alphonsus German Catholic Church (1859-83). Vineyard, set circa 1862, yielded from 4,000 to 15,000 gallons of unadulterated altar wine . . . Map (db m64228) HM
63West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Walter ReutherServing His Fellow Man
In 1946, Walter P. Reuther became president of the United Auto Workers (UAW) and in 1952 became president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO). He is still seen as a working-class-hero in the struggle for economic and social justice. . . . Map (db m71222) HM
64West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Walter ReutherLeader in the Making
Born in Wheeling on September 1, 1907, fittingly just one day before Labor Day. Walter P. Reuther (1907-1970), went on to become one of the most innovative, influential, and charismatic labor leaders of the 20th Century. Walter Reuther's father, . . . Map (db m71223) HM
65West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Washington Hall
The first Wheeling Convention of the people of North Western Virginia was held here on May 13-15, 1861. The Convention was held to determine what action should be taken as a result of the secession of Virginia from the Union. It ended without a . . . Map (db m71013) HM
66West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Wheeling
Indian word. Settled, 1769, by Ebenezer, Jonathan, Andrew, and Silas Zane. Fort Henry, once Fort Fincastle, built, 1774. Mail boats, 1794, National Pike, 1818, and B&O Railroad, 1852, combined with its iron mills to make Wheeling a great . . . Map (db m534) HM
67West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Wheeling -- "a pretty considerable Village"Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail
"this was a considerable Village contains about fifty is situated on the east side of the river on an elevated bank; the landing is good, just below the town and on the side big Wheeling creek emtys itself into the Ohio..." -- . . . Map (db m71105) HM
68West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Wheeling High School World War II Memorial
Erected in honor of Wheeling High School Students who served their country during World War II, and dedicated to the Glory of God and the memory of those who gave their lives for freedomMap (db m83129) WM
69West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Wheeling Hospital
Oldest hospital in the state, chartered March 12, 1850, thru efforts of Dr. S. P. Hullihen and Bishop R. V. Whelan. In 1853, located at 110, 15th St. by Sisters of Saint Joseph. Moved to this site in 1856. As Union Army hospital during Civil War, . . . Map (db m16255) HM
70West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Wheeling Post No. 1Oldest Post of the American Legion
At a meeting called in this building by Joselph H. Reass on March 1, 1919, was effected the first permanent organization of veterans of the World War which later became Wheeling Post No. 1 of the American Legion. At that meeting the following . . . Map (db m71014) HM
71West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Wheeling Suspension Bridge
The Wheeling Suspension Bridge, constructed by Charles Ellet, Jr. between 1846 and 1849, was the first long-span wire-cable suspension bridge in the United States. For many years it was the longest clear-span bridge in the world. The deck was . . . Map (db m535) HM
72West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Wheeling Suspension BridgeGateway to the West
The Wheeling Suspension Bridge, designed and erected by Charles Ellet, Jr., was completed in 1849. Known as the "Gateway to the West," the bridge was the first to cross the Ohio River carrying people and products to the West along the National Road. . . . Map (db m71038) HM
73West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Wheeling Suspension Bridge - 1849Historic National Road
In 1816, with a strong interest in internal improvements, the legislatures of Virginia and Ohio authorized the formation of the Wheeling and Belmont Bridge Company (Belmont because the bridge company was to connect from Wheeling, Virginia to Belmont . . . Map (db m561) HM
74West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Wheeling WharfFront Door to the City on the Ohio River
The Wheeling Wharf played a crucial role in bringing people and products to and from our growing city. The port has seen the arrival of visitors such as Lafayette, Meriwether Lewis, Mark Twain, and thousands of steamboat passengers. The port was . . . Map (db m71134) HM
75West Virginia (Ohio County), Woodsdale — The Washingtons
Nearby are buried Lawrence Augustine Washington, his wife, Dorcas, and daughter, Emma Tell. Lawrence was the son of Samuel Washington, youngest brother of General Washington. Part of their original home is standing.Map (db m57256) HM
May. 12, 2021