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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Morgan County, West Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Morgan County, West Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Morgan County, WV (109) Berkeley County, WV (106) Hampshire County, WV (76) Allegany County, MD (292) Washington County, MD (864) Frederick County, VA (209)  MorganCounty(109) Morgan County (109)  BerkeleyCounty(106) Berkeley County (106)  HampshireCounty(76) Hampshire County (76)  AlleganyCountyMaryland(292) Allegany County (292)  WashingtonCounty(864) Washington County (864)  FrederickCountyVirginia(209) Frederick County (209)
Berkeley Springs is the county seat for Morgan County
Adjacent to Morgan County, West Virginia
      Berkeley County (106)  
      Hampshire County (76)  
      Allegany County, Maryland (292)  
      Washington County, Maryland (864)  
      Frederick County, Virginia (209)  
 
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1West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — "Stonewall" Jackson Hill
On U.S. 522 at River Road, on the right when traveling south on U.S. 522.
From this point, "Stonewall" Jackson shelled Hancock, Md., Jan 5, 1862. After destroying supplies, the B&O Railway track and the bridge over the Great Cacapon, Jackson marched his army of 8,500 men to Romney and captured it, January 14.Map (db m13158) HM
2West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — A Castle Built for Love — Washington Heritage Trail
On South Mercer Street at Fairfax Street (West Virginia Route 9), on the left when traveling north on South Mercer Street.
In 1885, noted Maryland businessman, Colonel Samuel Taylor Suit began construction on the elaborate summer cottage now known as Berkeley Castle. The land was part of the original Fruit Hill Farm owned before the Civil War by John Strother of the . . . Map (db m117311) HM
3West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — A Winter Refuge — Berkeley Springs Hotel — Jackson's Bath-Romney Campaign —
On Washington Street at Liberty Street on Washington Street.
(Preface): On January 1, 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson led four brigades west from Winchester, Va., to secure Romney in the fertile South Branch Valley on the North Western Turnpike. He attacked and occupied Bath on . . . Map (db m207036) HM
4West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Bath Historic District — Washington Heritage Trail
On North Washington Street (U.S. 522) at Independence Street, on the right when traveling north on North Washington Street.
Nearly 30 years after colonial travelers, including a teenaged George Washington, pitched tents and "took the waters" in stone lined pools, the Virginia Legislature in 1776 established a town called Bath on 50 acres around the warm mineral springs. . . . Map (db m117303) HM
5West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Battle for Bath — Struggle in the Snow — Jackson's Bath-Romney Campaign —
On Fairfax Street at Washington Street (West Virginia Highway 9) on Fairfax Street.
On January 1, 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson led four brigades west from Winchester, Va., to secure Romney in the fertile South Branch Valley on the North Western Turnpike. He attacked and occupied Bath on January 4 . . . Map (db m58634) HM
6West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Berkeley Springs — Washington Heritage Trail
On Congress Street at North Washington Street (U.S. 522), on the right when traveling west on Congress Street.
The historic spa town of Bath is known to the world by its post office name of Berkeley Springs. From the time he was 16 through the reading of his will in 1799, George Washington ate, slept, owned land and bathed in and around Berkeley . . . Map (db m117301) HM
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7West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Berkeley Springs / James Rumsey
On Fairfax Street at U.S. 522, in the median on Fairfax Street. Reported missing.
Berkeley Springs Washington first came here, 1748. Fairfax gave the springs to the public. Established as town, 1776. Virginia treated her sick soldiers here. Gen. Washington, Gen Buchanan, Gen. Gates, Charles Carroll and others bought lots . . . Map (db m13016) HM
8West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Berkeley Springs Baths
Near Fairfax Street, on the right when traveling south.
One of oldest spas in South, warm mineral spring waters first used by Native Americans for reputed healing powers. Frequently visited by George Washington. Land granted to Virginia by Lord Fairfax in 1776, but used as a health resort since 1750s. . . . Map (db m13113) HM
9West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Berkeley Springs Sanitarium
Near Fairfax Street.
These healing springs, visited by Washington, 1748, were given to Virginia by Lord Fairfax. Helpful in treating infantile paralysis, rheumatism, diabetes and other diseases. Temperature of water is always 74 degrees.Map (db m13114) HM
10West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Berkeley Springs State Park — Washington Heritage Trail
On South Washington Street (U.S. 522) north of Liberty Street, on the right when traveling south.
Today's 4.5-acre Berkeley Springs State Park has always been public ground. Native tribes were known to use the springs but none called it home. Colonial owner Thomas Lord Fairfax allowed its public use. When the town was established in 1776, the . . . Map (db m117307) HM
11West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Berkeley Springs Train Depot
On North Washington Street (Route 522) just north of Williams Street, on the right when traveling north.
Berkeley Springs Train Depot has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1915Map (db m199891) HM
12West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Bryan Fairfax, Thomas Bryan Martin, & George William Fairfax — Lot #54
On Liberty Street east of South Washington Street (U.S. 522), on the left when traveling east.
Bryan Fairfax, Thomas Bryan Martin, both Trustees, and George William Fairfax. By 1798, at least four of the five lots deeded to these three nephews of Thomas Sixth Lord Fairfax were owned by Ferdinando Fairfax, son of Bryan. Lot #54: . . . Map (db m117373) HM
13West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Bryan Fairfax, Thomas Bryan Martin, & George William Fairfax — Lot # 55
On South Washington Street (U.S. 522) south of Bath Street, on the right when traveling north.
Bryan Fairfax, Thomas Bryan Martin, Trustees, and George William Fairfax. All three were nephews of Thomas Sixth Lord of Fairfax, owner of the "Northern Rappahannock Rivers. Bryan Fairfax was the next in line to become the Ninth Lord Fairfax, but . . . Map (db m117385) HM
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14West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Bryan Fairfax, Thomas Bryan Martin, & George William Fairfax — Lot #52
On South Mercer Street, on the right when traveling north.
Bryan Fairfax, Thomas Bryan Martin, both Trustees of the town, and George William Fairfax. All were nephews of Thomas Sixth Lord Fairfax who built a house here before the town was laid out which blocked what was to become Montgomery Street. The . . . Map (db m204016) HM
15West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Cacapon Mountain Overlook
On Overlook Trail, 0.7 miles north of Middle Fork Cabin Lane, on the right.
Welcome to one of West Virginia’s best secrets – Cacapon Mountain Overlook. On a clear day this is one of the very few unique spots where you can visibly see four states: West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. Cacapon Mountain is . . . Map (db m156766) HM
16West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Cacapon State Park — Washington Heritage Trail
On Middle Fork Road at Picnic Circle, on the left when traveling west on Middle Fork Road. Reported unreadable.
Insider tip — the word is pronounced Ca-cay-pun. Cacapon Mountain runs north/south and divides Morgan County into the heavily forested mountainous western segment and the more populous and settled east. The mountain ends at Panorama . . . Map (db m159473) HM
17West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Cacapon State Park Picnic Grills
Near Picnic Circle, 0.1 miles south of Middle Fork Road, on the right when traveling north.
The Picnic grills located within the Cacapon State Park picnic area were made possible through the generous donations and contributions via the Cacapon State Park Foundation which was founded in 1989. We wish to genuinely thank everyone who . . . Map (db m159470) HM
18West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Cacapon State Park Playground Equipment
On Ridge Trail west of Picnic Circle, on the left when traveling east.
This playground equipment and area are dedicated to the sterling young men of the Civilian Conservation Corps and their resourceful leaders. We wish to pay special tribute to the contributions of Paul D. Myers and his stalwart crew of . . . Map (db m159472) HM
19West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Camp Mud — Unger's Crossroads Bivouacs — Jackson's Bath-Romney Campaign —
On Ungers Store Road at Winchester Grade Road (County Route 13) on Ungers Store Road.
(Preface): On January 1, 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson led four brigades west from Winchester, Va., to secure Romney in the fertile South Branch Valley on the North Western Turnpike. He attacked and occupied Bath on . . . Map (db m159339) HM
20West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Campaign in the Snow — Jackson Captures Bath and Romney — Jackson's Bath-Romney Campaign —
On Fairfax Street at North Washington Street (West Virginia Highway 9) on Fairfax Street.
The summer of 1861 had been disastrous for Confederate arms in western Virginia (present day West Virginia) and by the New Year the Virginia counties west of the Alleghenies were on the road to statehood. On January 1, 1862, Confederate Gen. . . . Map (db m58633) HM
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21West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Capt. John Swann — Lot #12
On Warren Street east of South Mercer Street, on the right when traveling east.
Capt. John Swann of Washington County, Maryland. By 1798, Capt. Swann owned Lots #12, #13, #34 and #35. Lot #12: Conveyed by the Trustees of the Town of Bath to Capt. John Swann, 1777.Map (db m117410) HM
22West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Catholic War Memorial
On Liberty Street east of South Washington Street (U.S. 522).
Presented by Fr. Patrick J. Gillooly Assembly 3214 Knights of Columbus Dedicated to all Catholic men & woman who have served God and CountryMap (db m117299) WM
23West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Centennial Time Capsule
On U.S. 522 at Bath Street, on the right when traveling south on U.S. 522.
This official West Virginia Centennial Time Capsule was dedicated October 12, 1963 as Morgan County's contribution to the State's Centennial celebration. It contains historical documents, personal messages to be distributed in 2063.Map (db m13026) HM
24West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Center of Hospitality — Washington Heritage Trail
On South Washington Street (U.S. 522) south of Liberty Street, on the right when traveling south.
For more than 200 years, the area bordering the park and springs on which the Country Inn stands, has been the historic spa town's center of hospitality. In September 1784, George Washington stayed at Sign of the Liberty Pole and Flag . . . Map (db m117309) HM
25West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Charles Carroll — Lot #25
On South Washington Street (U.S. 522) south of Market Street, on the right when traveling north.
Charles Carroll of Carrollton, Signer of the Declaration of Independence (see marker Lot #24). Carroll was a "squatter" in Bath and built a house here before the town was laid out and before he owned the land. The Signer, who later served in the . . . Map (db m117392) HM
26West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Charles Carroll — Lot #24
On Market Street east of South Washington Street (U.S. 522), on the right when traveling east.
Charles Carroll of Carrollton, signer of the Declaration of Independence who outlived all the other 55 signers. One of the most illustrious men in Maryland history, he turned the first spadeful of dirt to begin the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad on . . . Map (db m117397) HM
27West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Charles Dick — Lot #44
On Liberty Street east of South Washington Street (U.S. 522), on the right when traveling east.
Charles Dick, a merchant from Spotsylvania County, Va. He was associated with Fielding Lewis, owner of adjoining Lot #45, in manufacturing firearms for Revolutionary troops at a factory in Fredericksburg, Va. Lot #44: Conveyed by the . . . Map (db m117372) HM
28West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Charles T. O'Ferrall
On North Washington Street (U.S. 522) 0.1 miles north of Legion Street, on the left when traveling north.
Born in 1840 in Frederick County, Virginia. O'Ferrall was appointed Morgan County clerk of the court at age 15 after the clerk, his father, died. In 1861, he enlisted in the Confederate cavalry as a private, rising to rank of colonel. Later, he . . . Map (db m196184) HM
29West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Charles Yates — Lot #33
On Market Street west of South Mercer Street, on the right when traveling west.
Charles Yates of Spotsylvania County, Va. The Trustees declared it forfeited in 1796 and sold it to Andrew Buchannon. Lot #33: Conveyed by the Trustees of the Town of Bath to Charles Yates, 1777.Map (db m117399) HM
30West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Community Services Building — Bath District High School
On South Green Street north of Martinsburg Road (West Virginia Route 9).
It could be called "education hill" given the assortment of learning institutions that have been located on the crest of an area bounded by the Dutch Cemetery on the west and WV9 on the south. Part of the Green Addition to town, it was known as Mt. . . . Map (db m117312) HM
31West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer / Robert Townsen Hose — Lot #4, Lot #5
On South Washington Street (U.S. 522) north of Martinsburg Road (West Virginia Route 9), on the right when traveling north.
Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer Lot #4 Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, a personal friend of George Washington. Jenifer was elected to the Continental Congress in 1778 and was one of three Maryland statesmen who signed the U.S. Constitution. He . . . Map (db m117396) HM
32West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Dutch Cemetery — Washington Heritage Trail
On Warren Street at South Green Street on Warren Street.
Palatinate Germans, called Dutch from the translation of Deutsch, migrated south to Berkeley Springs from Pennsylvania. Lots 1 and 2 of the original town plat were set aside by the trustees in 1777 for a German church and two other houses. There is . . . Map (db m117314) HM
33West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Edward Lloyd — Lot #23
On South Mercer Street at Market Street, on the right when traveling south on South Mercer Street.
Edward Lloyd, a Maryland official called "the Patriot" because of his eminent service during the Revolutionary period. He was one of two Marylanders in the Congress of the Confederation during 1783-1784. The owner of vast landholdings in Talbot . . . Map (db m117401) HM
34West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Fielding Lewis — Lot #45
On South Washington Street (U.S. 522) south of Liberty Street, on the right when traveling north.
Fielding Lewis, who married George Washington's sister, Betty. He was appointed Chief Commissioner to superintend a factory in Fredericksburg, Va., to make small arms for the Virginia Revolutionary troops. Lewis used his own money to keep the . . . Map (db m117386) HM
35West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Frederick Conrad — Lot #75
On Congress Street just east of North Washington Street (U.S. 522), on the right when traveling east.
Frederick Conrad, a tanner from Frederick County, Va. Frederick also bought Lot #68, which adjoins this lot, on the same day. Lot #75: Conveyed by the Trustees of the Town of Bath to Frederick Conrad, August 19, 1777.Map (db m159452) HM
36West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Frederick Conrad / Robert Rutherford — Lot #68, Lot #69
On North Washington Street (U.S. 522) at Fairfax Street on North Washington Street.
Frederick Conrad Lot #68 Frederick Conrad, a tanner from Frederick County, Va. Conrad also bought Lot #75 which adjoins this lot. Lot #68: Conveyed by the Trustees of the Town of Bath to Frederick Conrad, August 19, 1777. . . . Map (db m117408) HM
37West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Frederick Duckwall, Jr. — Lot #6
On South Washington Street (U.S. 522) south of Warren Street, on the right when traveling south.
Frederick Duckwall, Jr. He sold it to George Dyche in 1794. After Dyche sold it to Samuel W. Barrett of Hampshire County, records show Duckwall owning it again by 1798. Lot #6: Conveyed by the Trustees of the Town of Bath to Frederick . . . Map (db m117395) HM
38West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Gen. George Washington — Lot #58
On South Green Street, on the right when traveling east.
Gen. George Washington, who became the First President of the United States in 1789. Washington Camped at "Ye Fam'd Warm Springs” in March, 1748, while working with a group of surveyors employed by Thomas Sixth Lord Fairfax, who owned the . . . Map (db m204011) HM
39West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Gen. George Washington — Lot #59
On South Mercer Street, on the left when traveling north.
Gen. George Washington, who also owned adjacent Lot #58. The First President came here suffering from rheumatic fever in 1761. He later wrote: "I think myself benefited by the water and am not without hope of their making a cure of me..." . . . Map (db m204012) HM
40West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — George Dick — Lot #107
On Independence Street west of North Washington Street (U.S. 522), on the right when traveling west.
George Dick of Berkeley County. It was bought in 1786 by Robert Throckmorton, partner with James Rumsey (see marker Lot #97) at "The Liberty Pole and Flag" Inn, perhaps the most popular inn in Bath. Lot #107: Conveyed by the Trustees of . . . Map (db m117377) HM
41West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — George Irwin — Lot #89
On Congress Street west of Wilkes Street, on the right when traveling west.
George Irwin of York County, Pa., who later bought half of adjoining Lot #88. Irwin, a merchant, also bought Lot #46. A boarding house was located on this site during most of the early history of Bath. Lot #89: Conveyed by the Trustees of . . . Map (db m117384) HM
42West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Harry Dorsey Gough — Lot #35
On South Washington Street (U.S. 522) north of Market Street.
Harry Dorsey Gough, a wealthy Marylander from Perry Hall and a patron of Methodist Bishop Francis Asbury. Rev. Asbury visited and preached in the Gough house while in Bath. Gen. Horatio Gates was later a resident but never owned the lot. Capt. John . . . Map (db m117391) HM
43West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Henry Whiting — Lot #96
On North Washington Street (Route 522) south of Independence Street.
Henry Whiting of Bath, a cousin of George Washington, who bought five lots the same day. He sold this one the following year to Robert Adams of Alexandria, Va. By 1798 his father-in-law, Col. John Carlyle of Alexandria, Va., owned all the lots . . . Map (db m117380) HM
44West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Henry Whiting / Angus McDonald / Jane and Katherine Dalton / Angus McDonald — Lot #57 / Lot #64 / Lot #56 / Lot #63
On South Washington Street (U.S. 522) south of Fairfax Street, on the right when traveling south.
Henry Whiting Lot #57 Henry Whiting of Bath, a cousin of George Washington, who also bought Lots #95, #96, #120 and #121. All five lots were owned in 1798 by his father-in-law, Col. John Carlyle of Alexandria, Va. Carlyle was one of . . . Map (db m117374) HM
45West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Hugh Walker — Lot #83
On Congress Street just west of North Green Street, on the right when traveling west.
Hugh Walker, a merchant from middlesex County, Va., who bought Lots #77, #82, #93, #94, and part of #30 the same day. The trustees declared it forfeited in 1804 and, along with #82, deeded it to Valentine Dyche. Lot #83, Conveyed by the . . . Map (db m159454) HM
46West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Hugh Walker — Lot #84
On North Mercer Street just north of Congress Street, on the left when traveling north.
Hugh Walker, owner of other lots in the town, was one of the early owners. This was the site of the "Blue Goose" saloon in the 1890's and the early 1900's. Wooden rails used on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad before the advent of steel rails were . . . Map (db m159456) HM
47West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Hugh Walker — Lot #77
On North Washington Street (U.S. 522) just south of Congress Street, on the right when traveling south.
Hugh Walker, a merchant from Middlesex County, Va., and one of the largest landowners in the original town. He also owned Lots #82, #82, #84, #93 and #94, and was part-owner of Lots #20 and #30. Lot #77, Conveyed by the Trustees of the . . . Map (db m159461) HM
48West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — James Elliott — Lot #88
On Congress Street west of North Washington Street (U.S. 522).
James Elliott, a merchant from Chambersburg, Pa. He sold half the lot to George Irwin of York County, Pa., and the other half to Charles Hederich of Berkeley County, Va. (now West Virginia), in 1780. Lot #88: Conveyed by the Trustees of . . . Map (db m117383) HM
49West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — James Muir — Lot #60
On Fairfax Street at North Mercer Street, on the right when traveling east on Fairfax Street.
James Muir, a merchant from Alexandria, Va. A listing of lot owners in 1798 shows it belonging to James Mercer, a member of the Continental Congress, who owned lot #43. Lot #60: Conveyed by the Trustees of the Town of Bath to James Muir, . . . Map (db m117405) HM
50West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — James Smith — Lot #86
On North Washington Street (U.S. 522) north of Congress Street, on the right when traveling north.
James Smith of York, Pa., one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. He was a member of the Continental congress and a Brigadier General in the Pennsylvania militia. Smith was a leader in the Pennsylvania black country from the . . . Map (db m117382) HM
51West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — John Barns — Lot #13
On South Mercer Street at Warren Street, on the right when traveling south on South Mercer Street.
. . . Map (db m117413) HM
52West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — John Donovan — Lot #130
On Wilkes Street at Union Street (West Virginia Route 9), on the left when traveling north on Wilkes Street.
John Donovan, a tavern keeper from Hancock, Maryland. He also purchased Lot #126, a site on which the town's first theater was built. Lot #130: Conveyed by the Trustees of the Town of Bath to John Donovan [no recorded date].Map (db m117371) HM
53West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — John Donovan / Andrew Pearce / Andrew Pearce — Lot #126 / Lot #125 / Lot #124
On Union Street just east of North Washington Street (U.S. 522), on the left when traveling east.
John Donovan Lot #126 John Donovan, a tavern keeper in Hancock, Maryland. A theatre was built on this lot in about 1777. "Well constructed" was the way a New Englander described the playhouse when he visited Bath in 1787. Lot . . . Map (db m159451) HM
54West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — John Ridout — Lot #32
On South Mercer Street at Market Street, on the right when traveling north on South Mercer Street.
John Ridout, Esq., of Annapolis, Md. James Smith owned it in 1779. Ridout was again the owner by 1798. Lot #32: Conveyed by the Trustees of the Town of Bath to John Ridout, 1777.Map (db m117403) HM
55West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — John Smith and John Philpot — Lot #22
On South Mercer Street at Market Street, on the right when traveling south on South Mercer Street.
John Smith and John Philpot, both of Baltimore, Maryland. Lot #22: Conveyed by the Trustees of the Town of Bath to John Smith and John Philpot, August, 1777.Map (db m117402) HM
56West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Joseph Booth — Lot #118
On Cacapon Road (West Virginia Route 9) west of North Washington Street (U.S. 522), on the right when traveling east.
Joseph Booth of Berkeley County. In 1782 he sold it to Alpheus of Hampshire County, who owned other property in the town. Lot #118: Conveyed by the Trustees of the Town of Bath to Joseph Booth, August 25, 1777.Map (db m117379) HM
57West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Joseph S. Wheat
On North Washington Street (U.S. 522) 0.1 miles north of Legion Street, on the left when traveling north.
Born March 1803, Wheat represented Morgan County as a delegate of the Restored Government of Virginia during the Civil War. Taken captive by Rebel forces in March of 1864, Wheat spent four months in prison at Richmond's “Castle Thunder". After the . . . Map (db m196180) HM
58West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Judiah Higgins — Lot #117
On North Washington Street (U.S. 522) south of Union Street (West Virginia Route 9), on the right when traveling south.
Higgins, of Hampshire County, originally owned this lot.Map (db m117378) HM
59West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Lot owned by George Washington
On Fairfax Street at Mercer St., on the right when traveling east on Fairfax Street.
George Washington, surveyor for Lord Fairfax, visited "ye fam'd warm springs" first, Mar. 17, 1748. Later he brought his family "to try the effect of the waters" in 1768. When "Ye Town of Bath" was incorporated in October 1776, Washington bought . . . Map (db m117310) HM
60West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Lovers' Leap
On Hancock Road (Federal Route 522), on the right when traveling south.
Beautiful panorama of West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Maryland. It overlooks the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal which was started by George Washington and associates in order to improve communication with the west.Map (db m97341) HM
61West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Morgan County Court House Stone
On Fairfax Street south of South Washington Street (U.S. 522), on the right when traveling east.
This stone was used in the wall of the first court house in Morgan County, built by John Sherrard in 1801.Map (db m117375) HM
62West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Morgan County Veteran's Monument
On Fairfax Street, in the median.
Soldiers from Morgan County who served in the defense of their country in the following wars: Mexican War 1846 Dyche, Lewis ∙ Buck, Isaiah 1861 – Civil War – 1865 Union Soldiers Killed in Battle Boone, Ira ∙ . . . Map (db m81783) HM
63West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Morgan County Vietnam Veterans Memorial
On Washington Street (U.S. 522) at Fairfax Street (County Route 9/9), on the left when traveling south on Washington Street.
To Honor and Remember Morgan County Vietnam Veterans Killed In Service Leland Alston Bailey • Larry Monroe Clark • Richard Morgan Johnson, Jr. • Tony Lynn McBee • Paul Willliam Risinger • Ray Willliam Stotler • Reid Tyrone . . . Map (db m184277) WM
64West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Original Town of Bath Lots One and Two
Near South Green Street south of Warren Street, on the left.
The Town of Bath was plotted on land that had belonged to Thomas Lord Fairfax. These two lots were purchased on August 26, 1777, by six men on behalf of a German church. Although the original plan was to build a church and two houses on these lots, . . . Map (db m117409) HM
65West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Oriskany Sand
On Cacapon Lodge Drive, 1 mile west of Valley Road (U.S. 522).
The pure massive sandstone forming the Warm Springs Ridge is the Oriskany of the driller and geologist. The "Oriskany Sand," an important gas Sand, has produced in excess of a trillion cubic feet of gas in West Virginia.Map (db m68988) HM
66West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Overlook at Cacapon State Park — Washington Heritage Trail
Near Overlook Trail, 4.6 miles south of Middle Fork Cabin Lane, on the right.
Cacapon Mountain, where you are standing, is the westernmost of the pair of north/south mountains that mark the region as belonging to the ridge and valley section of the Appalachians. Looking out from the overlook, you see its eastern . . . Map (db m156764) HM
67West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Philip Bush — Lot #66
On Fairfax Street, on the right when traveling west.
Philip Bush, an innholder from Winchester, Va. He sold it to Peter Bruin of Berkeley County, Va. (now) West Virginia), who sold it to John O'Ferrall & Co. in 1788. Lot #66: Conveyed by the Trustees of the Town of Bath to Philip Bush. . . . Map (db m204013) HM
68West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Richard Graham — Lot #70
On North Washington Street (U.S. 522) just north of Fairfax Street, on the left when traveling north.
Richard Graham of Dumfries in Prince William County, Va. Gram sold half the lot and all of Lot #71 to Joseph Butler of Bath in 1784. Lot #70: Conveyed by the Trustees of the Town of Bath to Richard Graham, August 23, 1777.Map (db m159460) HM
69West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Ridge Fish Hatchery — Washington Heritage Trail
On Fish Hatchery Road (County Road 38/10) just east of Valley Road (U.S. 522), on the left when traveling east.
What was once West Virginia's only bass fish hatchery now produces nearly 70,000 pounds of trout a year. Ridge Fish Hatchery was opened in 1931 through the influence of two local men: Vernon Johnson, Chairman of the Fish and Game Commission . . . Map (db m159475) HM
70West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Robert Brown — Lot #106
On Independence Street at South Washington Street (U.S. 522), on the right when traveling west on Independence Street.
. . . Map (db m117376) HM
71West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Robert Carter Willis — Lot #37
On South Washington Street (U.S. 522) south of Liberty Street, on the right when traveling south.
Robert Carter Willis in 1779 deeded the lot to Alexander White (see marker Lot #38), one of the original Trustees of the Town of Bath. White was regarded by his contemporaries as one of the ablest lawyers in the United States and an outstanding . . . Map (db m117390) HM
72West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Robert Throckmorton, Jr. — Lot #26
On South Washington Street (U.S. 522) south of Market Street, on the right when traveling south.
Robert Throckmorton, Jr., of Berkeley County. The lot was purchased in 1858 by David Hunter Strother, who recorded much of the early history of Bath. Strother was an artist and writer who used the pen name "Porte Crayon". Lot #26: Conveyed . . . Map (db m117393) HM
73West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Roman Bathhouse and Museum of the Berkeley Springs — Washington Heritage Trail
On Fairfax Street at Wilkes Street on Fairfax Street. Reported damaged.
The second floor of the historic Roman Bath House, oldest public building in Berkeley Springs is the Museum of the Berkeley Springs with exhibits on the natural and cultural history of the springs and town. There are both permanent and changing . . . Map (db m117306) HM
74West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Sam Purviance / George Irwin — Lot #36 / Lot #46
Near South Washington Street (U.S. 522) south of Liberty Street, on the right when traveling south.
Sam Purviance Lot #36 Sam Purviance, a merchant from Baltimore, Maryland. Michael Davis of Bath was listed as the owner in 1798 of this lot along with Lots #37 and #38. Lot #36: Conveyed by the Trustees of the Town of Bath to Sam . . . Map (db m117387) HM
75West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Samuel Hughes — Lot #34
On Market Street east of South Washington Street (U.S. 522), on the right when traveling west.
Samuel Hughes of Maryland. It was later purchased by Capt. John Swann, owner of adjoining Lot #35. Lot #34: Conveyed by the Trustees of the Town of Bath to Samuel Hughes, 1777.Map (db m117398) HM
76West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Samuel Washington — Lot #42
On South Mercer Street at Fairfax Street (County Road 9/9), on the left when traveling south on South Mercer Street.
Samuel was the brother of George Washington and one of the original 14 Trustees of the Town of Bath. In 1784, Throckmorton Washington sold Lot #15 to John Augustine Washington of Westmoreland County, Va. By 1798 it belong to George Washington's . . . Map (db m159459) HM
77West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Sir John's Run
On West Virginia Route 9 at Sir John Run Road, on the right when traveling west on State Route 9.
Sir John's Run was named for Sir John Sinclair, the quartermaster for General Braddock on expedition in 1755 against the French at Fort Duquesne. James Rumsey demonstrated his steamboat here in 1785.Map (db m13152) HM
78West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Skirmish at Sir Johns Run — "We leveled our pieces and blazed away" — Jackson's Bath-Romney Campaign —
On Sir Johns Run Road (County Road 3) at Slonaker Lane (County Road 3/1), on the left when traveling north on Sir Johns Run Road.
On January 1, 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson led four brigades west from Winchester, Va., to secure Romney in the fertile South Branch Valley on the North Western Turnpike. He attacked and occupied Bath on January 4 . . . Map (db m159462) HM
79West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Solomon Smith — Lot #105
On Independence Street just east of North Washington Street (U.S. 522), on the left when traveling east.
Solomon Smith is is listed as one of the early owners. Lot #105: Conveyed by the Trustees of the Town of Bath to Solomon Smith (no recorded date).Map (db m159448) HM
80West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Streetscapes Goes Green
On North Washington Street (U.S. 522) just north of Fairfax Street, on the left when traveling north.
Nearly 300 years ago the town was developed adjacent to the 250 million year old warm mineral springs. Berkeley Springs has always been about promoting and preserving clean water. Today, the town is green, committed to integrating environmental . . . Map (db m159458) HM
81West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Tannery vs Hotels — Washington Heritage Trail
On North Washington Street (U.S. 522) north of Congress Street, on the right when traveling north.
After the Civil War, Berkeley Springs was divided between two conflicting economic forces. Hotels and bathhouses dominated the streets surrounding the warm mineral springs. The buildings of DeFord's First National Tannery bumped up against them, . . . Map (db m117300) HM
82West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — The Industrial North End — Washington Heritage Trail
On Independence Street at North Mercer Street, on the right when traveling east on Independence Street.
The north end of town has generally seen industrial use including sawmills, canneries, coal and wood yards and sand mines. It was laid out as the Crosfield Addition in the early 1880s. By the end of the decade, Washington St. had been widened. . . . Map (db m159449) HM
83West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — The Sons and Daughters of Morgan County
On Fairfax Street, in the median.
In memoriam to The sons and daughters of Morgan County Through their passion, optimism courage and heroism they took up the struggle during the Second World War and made the sacrifices to perpetuate the gift our forefathers entrusted to us A . . . Map (db m13021) HM
84West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Thomas Ayers — Lot #103
On Independence Street at North Mercer Street, on the right when traveling west on Independence Street.
Thomas Ayers, a carpenter. It was forfeited in 1975 because no building was begun on the lot. Lot #103: Conveyed by the Trustees of the Town of Bath to Thomas Ayers, 1777.Map (db m159450) HM
85West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Thomas Blackbourne — Lot #74
On North Mercer Street at Congress Street, on the right when traveling south on North Mercer Street.
. . . Map (db m159453) HM
86West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Thomas Lawson and John Orr — Lot #47
On South Washington Street (U.S. 522) south of Liberty Street, on the right when traveling south.
Thomas Lawson of Prince William County, Va., and John Orr of Loudoun County, Va., co-owners of Lots #28 and #29. It was owned later by Philadelphia merchant Thomas Palmer, who also owned Lots #46 and #48.Map (db m117388) HM
87West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Welcome to Cacapon State Park
On Cacapon Lodge Drive just west of Valley Road (U.S. 522), on the left when traveling west.
An Original Civilian Conservation Corps Park Camp Morgan, Company 1523, SP-4 Est. July 1, 1937 Map (db m159469) HM
88West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — West Virginia (Morgan County) / Maryland
On Hancock Road (U.S. 522) at River Road (West Virginia Route 1), on the right when traveling south on Hancock Road.
West Virginia (Morgan County) "The Mountain State" - western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by the Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and French during the French and . . . Map (db m117370) HM
89West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — West Virginia (Morgan County) / Virginia
On Valley Road (U.S. 522) 0.1 miles north of Avon Lane.
West Virginia (Morgan County). "The Mountain State" - western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by the Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and French during the French and . . . Map (db m159477) HM
90West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — William Herbert / Dr. John Meade Travers — Lot #62 / Lot #61
On South Washington Street (West Virginia Route 522) at Fairfax Street, on the right when traveling north on South Washington Street.
William Herbert Lot #62 William Herbert of Alexandria, Va. Herbert, who was born in Ireland, became President of the Alexandria Bank established in 1798 and served as Mayor of Alexandria from 1808 to 1810. He was an honorary pallbearer for . . . Map (db m117407) HM
91West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — William Ramsey and James Stuart — Lot #67
On Fairfax Street at North Mercer Street, on the right when traveling east on Fairfax Street.
William Ramsey and James Stuart, both of Alexandria, Va. Ramsey was one of the trustees for the City of Alexandria and owned the first house built there after the sale of town lots in 1749. He married Ann McCarty Ball, a cousin of George Washington. . . . Map (db m117406) HM
92West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — William Weathers — Lot #3
On Warren Street west of South Mercer Street when traveling east.
William Weathers, a farmer and blacksmith from Berkely County. He sold half the lot in 1785, the other half in 1795, and bought the entire lot back before 1798. Weathers bought Lot #97 the same day. Lot #3: Conveyed by the Trustees of the . . . Map (db m117411) HM
93West Virginia, Morgan County, Berkeley Springs — Windel Freshour — Lot #16
On South Washington Street (U.S. 522) near Warren Street, on the right when traveling south.
Windel Freshour of Berkeley County. Lot #16: Conveyed by the Trustees of the Town of Bath to Windel Freshour, August 25, 1777.Map (db m117394) HM
94West Virginia, Morgan County, Great Cacapon — Engagement at Great Cacapon — Struggle in the Snow — Jackson's Bath-Romney Campaign —
On Cacapon Road (County Route 9) 2 miles south of Prospect Peak Lane.
On January 1, 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson led four brigades west from Winchester, Va., to secure Romney in the fertile South Branch Valley on the North Western Turnpike. He attacked and occupied Bath on January 4 and . . . Map (db m58636) HM
95West Virginia, Morgan County, Great Cacapon — Great Cacapon — Washington Heritage Trail
On Central Avenue (West Virginia Route 9) just east of Stinebaugh Lane, on the right when traveling east.
The tiny hamlet of Great Cacapon is situated on the western side of Cacapon Mountain on the Potomac River just upstream from its juncture with the Cacapon River. Artifacts of a Native American town circa 1300 AD have been found along the Potomac . . . Map (db m148832) HM
96West Virginia, Morgan County, Great Cacapon — Panorama Overlook — Washington Heritage Trail
On West Virginia Route 9, on the right when traveling west.
Today's View Panorama Overlook marks the north end of Cacapon Mountain's 30-mile march. Composed of Oriskany sandstone, it plunges nearly 1000 feet into the Potomac River, which bends along the base of the Overlook as it heads downstream . . . Map (db m167603) HM
97West Virginia, Morgan County, Great Cacapon — Prospect Peak
On Cacapon Road.
This headland overlooks the Potomac and Great Cacapon Valleys and the three states - West Virginia, Pennsylvania and Maryland. The National Geographic Magazine rates this scene among America's outstanding beauty spots.Map (db m68995) HM
98West Virginia, Morgan County, Great Cacapon — Tuscarora (Clinton) Sand
On West Virginia Route 9, on the right when traveling west.
The massive resistant Tuscarora Sandstone is steeply inclined here and forms Fluted Rocks. The "Tuscarora (Clinton) Sand" of the driller produces some gas although it is largely untested in West Virginia.Map (db m13157) HM
99West Virginia, Morgan County, Hedgesville — Site of the Snyders Evangelical Church
On Martinsburg Road (West Virginia Route 9) at Cherry Run Road, on the left when traveling west on Martinsburg Road.
Site of the Snyders Evangelical Church founded by Jacob Albright in 1850. Merged with United Brethren Church in 1952. Razed in 1957.Map (db m97114) HM
100West Virginia, Morgan County, Paw Paw — Hampshire County / Morgan County
On Cacapon Road (West Virginia Route 9) 0.2 miles west of Maphis Lane, on the right when traveling west.
Hampshire County Oldest county: established by the Virginia Assembly, 1754. Formed from Frederick and Augusta. Lord Fairfax, owner, named it for the English shire of the same name. Ice Mountain and Hanging Rocks are among its natural wonders. . . . Map (db m148833) HM

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Feb. 6, 2023