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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Randolph County, West Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Randolph County, West Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Randolph County, WV (104) Barbour County, WV (59) Grant County, WV (32) Pendleton County, WV (44) Pocahontas County, WV (62) Tucker County, WV (71) Upshur County, WV (49) Webster County, WV (18)  RandolphCounty(104) Randolph County (104)  BarbourCounty(59) Barbour County (59)  GrantCounty(32) Grant County (32)  PendletonCounty(44) Pendleton County (44)  PocahontasCounty(62) Pocahontas County (62)  TuckerCounty(71) Tucker County (71)  UpshurCounty(49) Upshur County (49)  WebsterCounty(18) Webster County (18)
Elkins is the county seat for Randolph County
Adjacent to Randolph County, West Virginia
      Barbour County (59)  
      Grant County (32)  
      Pendleton County (44)  
      Pocahontas County (62)  
      Tucker County (71)  
      Upshur County (49)  
      Webster County (18)  
 
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1West Virginia, Randolph County, Beckley — We Will Never Forget.
On Neville Street at 1st Avenue, on the left when traveling east on Neville Street.
Dedicated to all Police, Fire, & EMS workers, & their families, who in any way gave their time, their effort, & in some cases their life, in serving & protecting the citizens of Beckley & Raleigh County. The piece of steel on top of this . . . Map (db m184249) WM
2West Virginia, Randolph County, Belington — Upshur County / Randolph County
On Buckhannon Pike (old U.S. 33) (West Virginia Route 151) at Lantz Road (County Route 13), on the left when traveling south on Buckhannon Pike (old U.S. 33).
Upshur County. Formed in 1851 from Lewis, Barbour, and Randolph. Named for Abel Parker Upshur, the great Virginia statesman. Samuel and John Pringle were the first settlers in 1764, and later they guided other pioneers here. Randolph . . . Map (db m179503) HM
3West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — 1841 County Jail
On Walnut Street, on the right when traveling north.
The contract for this building was signed in 1841, but it was not completed until 1845. The accommodations for the jailer's family were in the front portion of the building with a hallway separating them from the cells. In the the rear of the . . . Map (db m24769) HM
4West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — 19 — Adam Crawford House
On Main Street (U.S. 219) at Bridge Street, on the right when traveling south on Main Street.
Built around 1792, this is one of the oldest standing houses in Beverly. It was altered to its present form circa 1835 and purchased by Adam Crawford in 1846. Union officers occupied the house after the Battle of Rich Mountain. According to . . . Map (db m158229) HM
5West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — ArtilleryRich Mountain Battlefield
On Rich Mountain Road / Files Creek Road (County Route 37-8), on the right when traveling east.
Cannons mounted behind embankments on this hill made Confederate Camp Garnett a formidable position. Placed to sweep the turnpike below, they were 6-pounder smoothbores - light, mobile, and powerful at short range. Four cannons protected the . . . Map (db m164655) HM
6West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Battle of Rich MountainRich Mountain Battlefield
On Rich Mountain Road / Files Creek Road (County Route 37/8), on the right when traveling east.
The battle was fought in this pass along the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike. Union forces led by General William S. Rosecrans stormed down the hill behind you. Confederates on guard here took cover behind log breastworks, farm buildings and large . . . Map (db m23539) HM
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7West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Battle Of Rich MountainMaking McClellan's Reputation — The First Campaign —
On Rich Mountain Road (County Route 37/8) 5 miles west of Seneca Trail (U.S. 250), on the left when traveling west.
(preface) In the spring of 1861, Union forces rushed into northwestern Virginia to secure the vital Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, protect important turnpikes, and support Unionists against Confederates. The two sides fought numerous . . . Map (db m165110) HM
8West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — BeverlyCrossroads of Conflict — The First Campaign —
On Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling south.
Situated at a crossroads on the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike, Beverly was a strategic location and proved to be a focal point during the Civil War. There were no large plantations here and political opinions were split, yet the majority of . . . Map (db m24559) HM
9West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — BeverlyOriginal County Seat
On Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling south.
Nearly two decades after the ill-fated attempt of the Foyles (Files) and Taggert (Tygart) families to pioneer the area in 1754, the Tygarts Valley was finally settled by a group of families in 1772. One of this group, Jacob Westfall Sr., built a . . . Map (db m24561) HM
10West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Beverly
On Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling north.
Settled about 1753 by Robert Files and David Tygart. Files' family was massacred near by. Site of Westfall's Fort, 1774. In Mt. Iser Cemetery are the Union trenches and graves of Confederate soldiers killed in Battle of Rich Mountain.Map (db m24579) HM
11West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — 26 — Beverly Bank
On Court Street at Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling east on Court Street.
The Beverly Bank was founded in 1900 by Dr. Humboldt Yokum who served as the Bank president. Yokum was a prominent doctor and community leader. S.L. Baker was a director, and served two terms in the State Senate. Both men served as mediators to . . . Map (db m158753) HM
12West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Beverly CemeteryCivil War 1861-1865 — ➝ —
On Main Street (West Virginia Route 55/92) at Cemetary Lane, on the right when traveling south on Main Street.
Oldest public cemetery west of the Allegheny Mountains. Earliest known burials were in 1768. Soldiers of all American wars are buried here.Map (db m178484) HM
13West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — RH2 — Beverly Covered Bridge
On Bridge Street (County Road 37-8) at Water Street, on the right when traveling east on Bridge Street.
Site of old covered bridge on Staunton & Parkersburg Turnpike built in 1847 by Lemuel Chenoweth (1811-87). Burned during Civil War, he rebuilt it in 1873. Dismantled by state in 1951. Chenoweth's home, built in 1847, is southeast of old bridge . . . Map (db m23349) HM
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14West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — 7 — Beverly Methodist Church
On Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling north.
The Methodist Church had its roots in Beverly from the time of its settlement. Services were first held in the private homes and lawns of congregation members. The first "church" was the log home of Dr. Benjamin Dolbeare, the first physician in . . . Map (db m158754) HM
15West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — 24 — Beverly Public Square
On Main Street (U.S. 219) at Court Street, on the right when traveling north on Main Street.
This lot, originally part of the James Westfall plantation, was used as a public playground prior to the chartering of Beverly in 1790. In 1813, county plans were to use this lot as the site for the new jail. Adam Myers, owner of the Valley House . . . Map (db m158757) HM
16West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — 35 — Birkett-Cresap
On Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling south.
In the 1830s Isaac Baker, Sr. bought a two-story log house on this site from the heirs of Daniel Capito. The Bakers lived here and operated a hotel called the Rising Sun. In 1843, Baker lost the property because of debts, and the house and lot were . . . Map (db m159010) HM
17West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — 22 — Blackman-Bosworth Store
On Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling south.
The Blackman-Bosworth Store building was built 1827-28 by David Blackman on lot #14. It originally stood next to the James Westfall log house that had been used as an early courthouse. Slaves built the store building, supervised by bricklayer J.W. . . . Map (db m159011) HM
18West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Blackman-Strader
On Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling south.
Judson Blackman, son of businessman David Blackman who owned the store across the street, started construction on this brick home in 1861, but it was not completed until after the Civil War. The brick for the house was made on family-owned property . . . Map (db m24547) HM
19West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — 29 — Bushrod Crawford Building
On Court Street at Walnut Street, on the right when traveling east on Court Street.
This house, located on a part of original town lot #4, was built about 1850. It was the home of Bushrod Crawford who also operated a store in the building with his brother Absalom. Brushrod Crawford ran against John Hughes in February of 1861 for . . . Map (db m159015) HM
20West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Crozet - Chenoweth / Rich Mountain
On Main Street (State Highway 55) at Bridge Street (County Road 37-8), on the right when traveling south on Main Street.
Crozet - Chenoweth Memorial road to Col. Claudius Crozet, leader in building the Northwestern and the Staunton and Parkersburg turnpikes. Here was the home of Lemuel Chenoweth, who designed and built many wooden bridges in W. Va. which became . . . Map (db m23345) HM
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21West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — David Goff House
On Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling north.
Edward Hart, son of John Hart who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence, purchased the house standing here in 1795. Col. David Goff, a prominent Beverly lawyer, purchased it in 1830, and added the larger front portion of the house, . . . Map (db m24518) HM
22West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Edward Hart House
On Crawford Street at Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling east on Crawford Street.
This house contains the foundation, chimney, and logs from an earlier log cabin built on this site by Beverly pioneer Edward Hart. A son of John Hart, a signer of the Declaration of the Independence from New Jersey, Edward relocated here in 1788 . . . Map (db m24790) HM
23West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — General William S. RosecransRich Mountain Battlefield
On Rich Mountain Road / Files Creek Road (County Route 37-8), on the right when traveling east.
General Rosecrans led a brigade of nearly 2,000 Union soldiers through dense wilderness to the summit of Rich Mountain. His guide was young David Hart, son of a family living here at the pass. Leaving camp on Roaring Creek before dawn, Rosecrans' . . . Map (db m23576) HM
24West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Gum Hart / Collett House
On Main Street (U.S. 219) at Collett Street, on the right when traveling south on Main Street.
This may be the oldest existing structure in Beverly. Local tradition says James Westfall built the first floor of the north section of this home as a log fort in 1772-74. Deed records are confused, but the log section of the house certainly . . . Map (db m24734) HM
25West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Hill Building
On Court Street, on the right when traveling east.
This circuit clerk's office was in a wing added to the east side of the Courthouse in 1838. In 1907, Aries Hill built this store between Courthouse and the Bushrod Crawford House where the circuit clerk's office had been. The door on the left leads . . . Map (db m24672) HM
26West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Historic Beverly Antique Mall
On Main Street (U.S. 219/250) just south of Court Street, on the right when traveling north.
Formerly Beverly Union Hospital 1861 - 1865Map (db m178488) HM
27West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Humboldt Yokum House
On Main Street (U.S. 219) at Fountain Street, on the right when traveling south on Main Street.
This house was built in 1890 by Dr. Humboldt Yokum. The son of Dr. George Yokum, he grew up in the house next door. Humboldt acted as peace emissary during the controversy over moving the county seat. He rode into Elkins to head off the faction of . . . Map (db m24789) HM
28West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Isaac Baker House
On Main Street (U.S. 219) at Crawford Street, on the right when traveling south on Main Street.
John Earle owned the original log home situated on this property. He operated a mill on Files Creek, possibly built by Jacob Westfall near the original Westfall fort. In 1879, Earle sold this property, as well as the larger adjoining property with . . . Map (db m24787) HM
29West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — 22 B — Jacob Stalnaker Jr. CabinCirca 1795
On Court Street just east of Water Street, on the right when traveling west.
This cabin was originally located one mile south of Beverly, WV on State Route 219 at County Road 37, next to the Stalnaker Cemetery. It was moved to its current location in fall of 1996.Map (db m159673) HM
30West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — 13 — Jonathan Arnold House
On Main Street (State Highway 55) at Bridge Street, on the right when traveling south on Main Street.
Laura Jackson Arnold, sister of Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, lived here at the time of the Civil War with her husband Jonathan and three children, Thomas, Anna, and Stark. Jonathan, a wealthy landowner, purchased this ca 1820 brick house in 1845. . . . Map (db m164653) HM
31West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Laura Jackson Arnold
On Seneca Trail (U.S. 250) at Bridge Street (County Route 37/8), on the left when traveling north on Seneca Trail.
Arnold, sister of Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson, was a strong Unionist during the Civil War. She opened her home to Union soldiers and nursed those who were sick. In 1897, Arnold was made an honorary member of the Society of the Army of WV. Due . . . Map (db m165103) HM
32West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Lemuel Chenoweth
On Main Street (State Highway 55) at Cemetery Lane, on the right when traveling south on Main Street.
Local carpenter, legislator, office-holder, self-educated architect and the state's most famous builder and designer of covered bridges, Lemuel Chenoweth lived in Randolph County his entire life, 1811-1887. Bridges at Barrackville and Philippi are . . . Map (db m23342) HM
33West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Lemuel Chenoweth House
On Water Street at Bridge Street (West Virginia Road 37-8), on the right when traveling south on Water Street.
This last home of Lemuel Chenowith (1811-1887) was built in 1856. The unique construction features in the house demonstrate his skills as an architect, carpenter, and bridgebuilder. Lemuel and his brother Eli built a number of covered bridges on . . . Map (db m24481) HM
34West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Mt. Iser Cemetery
On Seneca Trail (U.S. 250) 0.2 miles north of Water Street, on the left when traveling north.
Marked by the remnants of Union entrenchments from the occupation of Beverly after the Battle of Rich Mountain, the Confederate cemetery atop Mt. Iser contains the graves of at least 70 persons killed near here during the Civil War. Calvin Collett . . . Map (db m189214) HM
35West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Occupied BeverlyCaught in the Midst of Conflict
On Main Street (U.S. 219) at Railroad Street on Main Street.
Life in Beverly changed following the Union victory at Rich Mountain on July 11, 1861. Many of the community’s outspoken Southern sympathizers fled south. Some of those who remained resented the hardship that came with Union occupation, although . . . Map (db m155078) HM
36West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — 10 — Peter Buckey House
On Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling north.
This building was reputedly built by a Mr. Phillips, and was purchased in 1791 by Peter Buckey. He operated a hotel and a tavern here before moving up the street to open the Buckey House hotel. Peter also ran a tannery on the land just north of the . . . Map (db m158317) HM
37West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Presbyterian Church
On Main Street (U.S. 219) at Collett Street, on the right when traveling south on Main Street.
The Beverly Presbyterian Church came into existence as part of the United Congregations of Tygat Valley in 1788 and was formally organized on March 1, 1820 under Reverend Aretas Loomis. Services were held in the 1808 courthouse until the first . . . Map (db m24735) HM
38West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Public Education in Beverly, VA-WV Beginning 1858Pupils, Teachers, Buildings
On Seneca Trail (U.S. 250), on the right when traveling north.
The Beverly Academy built by Lernuel Chenoweth in 1858 replaced the "old log school" on Court Street. The probable location of the academy was east of US Route 250-219 and just north of the toll house on the then Beverly and Fairmont . . . Map (db m165117) HM
39West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Randolph Co Jail - 1813
On Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling north.
The first county jail was a log structure on the west side of Jacob (now Main) Street. It was completed by Edward Hart in April 1790. The second jail was this 1813 brick building, across from the log one, on the lot purchased by the county . . . Map (db m24571) HM
40West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — 27 — Randolph Co. Courthouse
On Court Street at Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling east on Court Street.
In June 1808, a committee was appointed to contract the building of a brick courthouse to replace the original log structure on Court Street. This building cost approximately $1200, including $35 for hinges and other ironwork paid to Solomon . . . Map (db m159286) HM
41West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — 23 — Randolph County JailConfining the "Bogus State Sheriff" — Jones-Imboden Raid —
On Walnut Street Extended at Court Street on Walnut Street Extended.
On April 20, 1863, Confederate Gens. William E. “Grumble” Jones and John D. Imboden began a raid from Virginia through present-day West Virginia against the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Taking separate routes, they later . . . Map (db m159285) HM
42West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Rich MountainRich Mountain Battlefield Civil War Site
On Rich Mountain Road / Files Creek Road (County Route 37/8), on the right when traveling east.
On July 11, 1861, a Federal flank attack surprised Confederates guarding this pass The battle of Rich Mountain took place here where the Staunton-Parkersburg turnpike crossed the crest of the mountain. About 2:30 pm, the Union forces began . . . Map (db m156078) HM
43West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Rich Mountain / Hart House
On Rich Mountain Road / Files Creek Road (County Route 37/8), on the right when traveling east.
(East Side): Battle of Rich Mountain fought here July 11, 1861. In a surprise attack, Gen. W.S. Rosecrans defeated Confederates led by Capt. J.A. deLagnel. Battle was decisive in McClellan's N.W. Virginia campaign. (West Side): Rich . . . Map (db m23585) HM
44West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Robert Foyles & Family
On Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling north.
This Stone Commemorates: Robert Foyles & Family, killed by Indians 1753, half mi. S. settlement of David Tygart, 2 mi. S. near bridge. First English settlers west of Alleghenies. Westfalls Fort, built 1774, half mi. S. Battle of . . . Map (db m151996) HM
45West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Rosser's Raid / Mt. Iser Cemetery
On Main Street (West Virginia Route 92) just north of Cemetery Lane, on the right when traveling south.
Rosser Raid. On the morning of January 11, 1865, Confederate Gen. Thomas Rosser led 300 soldiers against Col. Robert Youart's Union troops at Beverly. Despite being severely outnumbered, Rosser's men captured the town in under an hour. Though . . . Map (db m178476) HM
46West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Rowan House
On Water Street, on the right when traveling south.
In 1811, John Goff sold this property with its one-story log house to Archibald Earle. William and Anna Rowan bought the property from Franklin Leonard in 1838. Rowan served as constable and deputy sheriff for over thirty years. He also operated a . . . Map (db m24515) HM
47West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Site of Old Hart House
On Rich Mountain Road (County Route 37/8) 5 miles west of Seneca Trail (U.S. 250), on the right when traveling east.
Site of old Hart House. Civil War Battle of Rich Mt. 1861 Erected by Dailey-Valley Bend Ruritan Club, 1981Map (db m165313) HM
48West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — The First CampaignCivil War Begins in the Mountains of (West) Virginia — The First Campaign —
On Main Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling south.
West Virginia, born of a nation divided, was the setting for the first campaign of America's Civil War. Although still part of Virginia in 1861, many citizens of the west remained loyal to the Union, rather than the Confederacy. By late May, Union . . . Map (db m193394) HM
49West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — The Hart HouseRich Mountain Battlefield
On Rich Mountain Road / Files Creek Road (County Route 37-8), on the right when traveling east.
Here stood the Hart House, surrounded by fierce fighting during the Battle of Rich Mountain. Joseph Hart, grandson of a signer of the Declaration of Independence, was an avid Union supporter who fled with his family when Confederates seized the . . . Map (db m23584) HM
50West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — The Stable YardRich Mountain Battlefield
On Rich Mountain Road / Files Creek Road (County Route 37/8), on the right when traveling west. Reported damaged.
Here in the stable yard, Confederate forces made their stand. A small log stable was the focal point of action. Large foundation stones still mark its location. A lone Confederate cannon stood beside the stable, blasting furiously during the battle. . . . Map (db m23590) HM
51West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Tygart Valley HomesteadsA New Deal for West Virginia Families
On Seneca Trail (U.S. 250), on the right when traveling north.
The third New Deal resettlement community in West Virginia, the Tygart Valley Homesteads were established beginning in 1933 as a part of the Federal Division of Subsistence Homesteads. 198 homes in the communities of Dailey, East Dailey, . . . Map (db m165096) HM
52West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — Welcome to Rich Mountain Battlefield
On Rich Mountain Road (County Route 37/8) 5 miles west of Seneca Trail (U.S. 250), on the right when traveling east. Reported damaged.
The Hart Farm was the site of a decisive victory by forces under Union General George B. McClellan on July 11, 1861. Enjoy the interpretive markers and walking trails here at the battlefield and at Camp Garnett, which is 1½ miles west along . . . Map (db m165112) HM
53West Virginia, Randolph County, Beverly — West Virginia Historic New Deal / CCC TrailTygart Valley Homesteads
On Seneca Trail (U.S. 250), on the right when traveling north.
The earliest efforts to provide relief in the coal camps were privately funded. In May 1933, as part of the First Hundred Days legislation, Congress passed the National Industrial Recovery Act. This included funds for the subsistence homestead . . . Map (db m165098) HM
54West Virginia, Randolph County, Cheat Bridge — Asa Gray / Buffalo-Indian Trail
On U.S. 250 just east of the Shavers Fork Bridge.
Asa Gray. Asa Gray, famous Harvard botanist, discovered plants new to science as he crossed Cheat Mountain by way of the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike, August 1843. He was one of the original 50 named to New York Hall of Fame. . . . Map (db m82232) HM
55West Virginia, Randolph County, Cheat Bridge — Astride the Road from Nowhere
Near County Route 250/4, 1.1 miles west of U.S. 250.
"Our tents were pitched on a rocky point with a fine forest on every side and a magnificent view of the Alleghenies on front of us, a beautiful romantic, though desolate spot." - William Houghton, 14th Indiana Infantry, July 16, 186 . . . Map (db m58245) HM
56West Virginia, Randolph County, Cheat Bridge — Behind the Parapet
Near County Route 250/4, 1.1 miles west of Route 250.
Union soldiers built the main earthworks here to provide defense. They made the embankment by forming a crib with spruce logs. The crib was then filled with earth and stone. Such a fortification would provide protection from rifle and artillery . . . Map (db m58241) HM
57West Virginia, Randolph County, Cheat Bridge — Cabin Remains
Near County Route 250/4, 1.1 miles west of U.S. 250.
This area is where troops were quartered. Most cabins within the earthworks were lumber structures with bark roofs. These measured roughly 40 feet by 20 feet and were extremely crowed at times. The circular mounds usually represent collapsed . . . Map (db m58249) HM
58West Virginia, Randolph County, Cheat Bridge — Cheat Summit Camp
On U.S. 250 at County Route 250/4, on the right when traveling west on U.S. 250.
Also called Fort Milroy. Fortified camp in gap at the crest of White Top of Cheat Mountain. Occupied by Federal troops during fall and winter of 1861-1862; repulsed threats in Lee's mountain campaign of 1861. Fort's command of the . . . Map (db m46328) HM
59West Virginia, Randolph County, Cheat Bridge — Cheat Summit Fort1861-1862
On County Route 250/4, 1.1 miles west of U.S. 250, on the right when traveling west.
Cheat Summit Fort, also called “Fort Milroy,” was constructed by Federal troops in the summer of 1861. The fort was positioned to control the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike. Initial work was conducted by six companies of the 14th Indiana . . . Map (db m58239) HM
60West Virginia, Randolph County, Cheat Bridge — Guarding the Turnpike
Near County Route 250/4, 1.1 miles west of U.S. 250.
Federal forces built Cheat Summit Fort to control the strategic Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike, the road below you. It ran from Virginia to Parkersburg, (West) Virginia. When finished, the turnpike opened the first continuous route between Richmond . . . Map (db m58243) HM
61West Virginia, Randolph County, Cheat Bridge — Shavers Fork
On County Route 250/4, 0.5 miles west of U.S. 250, on the left when traveling west.
Mountaintop Watershed Near this point the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike crossed the Shavers Fork of the Cheat River, going over Cheat Mountain at a high point of almost 4000 feet at White Top. The Shavers Fork forms a high elevation . . . Map (db m58251) HM
62West Virginia, Randolph County, Coalton — Jimtown / Phillips Cemetery
On Jimtown Road (old U.S. 33) (West Virginia Route 151), on the left when traveling west.
Jimtown. Formerly known as Fair Hope for one-room school located at the junction of Findley and Yeager Roads circa 1898 to 1953. Later named for James J. "Squire Jim" Phillips (1855-1937), a former Justice of the Peace. During the Civil War, . . . Map (db m61075) HM
63West Virginia, Randolph County, Dailey — U.S. Homestead
On Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) at Georgetown Road (County Route 21), on the left when traveling north on Seneca Trail.
A federal New Deal project to move families back to the land during the Great Depression. Homes had water, electricity, barn, chicken coop, cellar and garden. Community had school, store, gas station, workshops, lumber mill, and quarry. U.S. . . . Map (db m34427) HM
64West Virginia, Randolph County, Elkins — “Lest We Forget That Peace Has a Price” — Marines Lebanon 1983 Monument —
On Randolph Avenue (U.S. 33) at Harman Lane, on the right when traveling west on Randolph Avenue.
In memorial to our Marines of the Multi-National Peacekeeping Force, Lebanon – 1983. West Virginia — Semper Fidelis Cpl. Mecot Camara, Hinton • Lcpl. Russell Cyzick, Star City • HM2 Marion E. Kees, Martinsburg • Lcpl. David . . . Map (db m9363) HM
65West Virginia, Randolph County, Elkins — All Veterans Memorial
On Railroad Avenue (U.S. 250) at Harrison Avenue (West Virginia Route 92), on the right when traveling south on Railroad Avenue.
United we stand In God we trust Dedicated to all men and women who served their country honorably and faithfully in war and peaceMap (db m178455) WM
66West Virginia, Randolph County, Elkins — Benjamin Wilson
On Country Club Road (County Road 219/11) 0.1 miles south of Aeronica Court, on the right when traveling south.
In 1774 Capt. Benjamin Wilson was made a colonel in Lord Dunmore's army when it invaded the Indian country. He was active in concluding peace with west Indians at the Pickaway Plains in Ohio after the Battle of Point Pleasant.Map (db m178470) HM
67West Virginia, Randolph County, Elkins — Col. Benjamin Wilson1747 - 1827
On Country Club Road (County Road 219/11) 0.1 miles south of Aeronica Court, on the right when traveling south.
Founder of Randolph County. Senior Officer west of Alleghenies when Tygart Valley was the English frontier.Map (db m178475) HM
68West Virginia, Randolph County, Elkins — Cornerstone of Wilson's Fort
On Country Club Road (County Road 219/11) 0.1 miles south of Aeronica Court, on the right when traveling south.
This rock is a cornerstone of Wilsons Fort, erected 1774 half mi. opposite in bottomMap (db m178472) HM
69West Virginia, Randolph County, Elkins — Elkins
On Randolph Avenue (U.S. 33) at High Street, on the right when traveling west on Randolph Avenue.
Named for Senator Stephen B. Elkins. Home of Senator Henry G. Davis. Headquarters for the Monongahela National Forest. Near site of Friend’s Fort, built 1772. Old Seneca Indian Trail crosses the campus of Davis and Elkins College.Map (db m9360) HM
70West Virginia, Randolph County, Elkins — H.W. Daniels Post No. 29The American Legion
On 4th Street just east of Railroad Avenue, on the right when traveling east.
This post was named for Capt. Hoddie Wilbur Daniels, M.D., a native of Randolph County and a practicing physician in Elkins for over 20 years prior to his volunteering in the Medical Corps, U.S. Army in 1917. He went to France with the 38th . . . Map (db m178457) HM WM
71West Virginia, Randolph County, Elkins — Henry Gassaway Davis
On Randolph Avenue at Sycamore Street and 5th Street and Kerens Avenue, on the right when traveling west on Randolph Avenue.
Born November 16, 1823, Died March 11, 1916. Benefactor • Philanthropist • Railway Builder. Worked as if he were to live forever. Lives as if he were to die to-morrow.Map (db m9371) HM
72West Virginia, Randolph County, Elkins — Kump House / Herman Guy Kump
On South Randolph Street (U.S. 33) at 11th Street (U.S. 48), on the right when traveling north on South Randolph Street.
Kump House Home of Gov. Herman Guy Kump. Built 1924-25, on site of Civil War-era Goddin Tavern. Designed by Clarence Harding of Washington, DC. Eleanor Roosevelt and other notables were guests during 1930s and '40s. Named to National . . . Map (db m23300) HM
73West Virginia, Randolph County, Elkins — Randolph County Veterans Memorial
On Randlph Avenue (U.S. 219) at High Street, on the right when traveling north on Randlph Avenue.
World War IHonoring those who died in World War I we remember the day, in human history, when the United States with compassion and dedication spent her blood and her might for the principles that gave her birth. God helping her, she could do no . . . Map (db m33562) WM
74West Virginia, Randolph County, Elkins — Stephen Benton Elkins / Halliehurst
On Randolph Avenue (U.S. 33) at Harrison Avenue (West Virginia Route 92), on the right when traveling west on Randolph Avenue.
Stephen Benton Elkins. Businessman, politician, co-founder City of Elkins. Born in Ohio, 1841; died in Washington, DC, 1911. Secretary of War, 1891–1893; U.S. Senator from WV, 1895–1911. National figure in Republican Party for more . . . Map (db m14433) HM
75West Virginia, Randolph County, Elkins — The Darden Mill
On Railroad Avenue at 2nd Street, on the right when traveling south on Railroad Avenue.
Originally a grain mill, the Darden Mill was an important part of the industrial railyard. Built in 1902 by the Elkins Milling company, the steam-powered roller miller was converted to electric in 1910. Product such as flour, cereals, . . . Map (db m178466) HM
76West Virginia, Randolph County, Elkins — The Railroad Builds Elkins
On Railroad Avenue just south of 3rd Street, on the right when traveling south.
Built as the center of booming railroad expansion, the new city was declared to be "decidedly the most accessible point in the State." The sleepy village that became Elkins was selected by Senators Henry Gassaway Davis and Stephen B. . . . Map (db m178460) HM
77West Virginia, Randolph County, Elkins — War in West Virginia"That Remarkable Campaign" — The First Campaign —
On Railroad Avenue at 3rd Street, on the right when traveling south on Railroad Avenue.
You are standing at the heart of the first campaign of America's Civil War, looking west toward Rich Mountain. Late in May 1861, Gen. George B. McClellan moved troops across the Ohio River "to secure Western Virginia for the Union" and to protect . . . Map (db m23238) HM
78West Virginia, Randolph County, Elkins — Western Maryland Railway Honor Roll
On 4th Street at Railroad Avenue, on the right when traveling east on 4th Street.
World War 1917 - 1918 [Names listed]Map (db m178456) WM
79West Virginia, Randolph County, Elkins — Working the Railyard
On Railroad Avenue, 0.1 miles south of 3rd Street, on the right when traveling south.
The Elkins Railyard was a bustling and dangerous place. Workers serviced passenger and freight trains, and repaired locomotives and rolling stock in the adjacent roundhouse and maintenance shops. Work was often dangerous and difficult, . . . Map (db m178464) HM
80West Virginia, Randolph County, Harman — Big Lime and Big Injun
On West Virginia Route 32 north of U.S. 33, on the left when traveling north.
The Greenbrier Limestone in the quarry represents the “Big Lime and Big Injun Sand” of the driller. Fish-egg like (oölitic) zones in the “Big Lime” and the basal sandy formation, the “Big Injun,” produce oil and . . . Map (db m9355) HM
81West Virginia, Randolph County, Harman — Pendleton County / Randolph County
On U.S. 33, on the left when traveling east.
Pendleton County. Formed in 1788 from Hardy, Augusta, Rockingham. Named for Edmund Pendleton, Virginia statesman-jurist. This county has a range of altitude of over 3500 feet. Here are Seneca Rocks, Smoke Hole, and Spruce Knob. Randolph . . . Map (db m9290) HM
82West Virginia, Randolph County, Harman — Tory Camps / Seneca Trail
On U.S. 33, on the right when traveling south.
Tory Camps Near Harman can still be seen remains of two Tory camps where some British sympathizers hid during the American Revolution. They encamped here, 1775-1776, to escape laws enacted against them by Virginia. Seneca Trail The Seneca . . . Map (db m41477) HM
83West Virginia, Randolph County, Helvetia — Helvetia
On Mill Creek Road (Helvetia-Adolph Road) (County Route 46) east of Helvetia-Pickens Road (County Route 45), on the left when traveling west.
Settled by a group of Swiss and German immigrants who came via Brooklyn, N.Y. in 1869. In addition to farmers and herdsmen, many craftsmen and professionals were among the settlers: stone masons, carpenters and painters; wagon, shoe watch, hat and . . . Map (db m82282) HM
84West Virginia, Randolph County, Helvetia — RH 1 — Helvetia
On Czar Road (Helvetia-Adolph Road) (County Route 46) at Helvetia-Pickens Road (County Route 45), on the left when traveling west on Czar Road (Helvetia-Adolph Road).
Settled by a group of Swiss and German immigrants who came via Brooklyn, N.Y. in 1869. In addition to farmers and herdsmen, many craftsmen and professionals were among the settlers: stone masons, carpenters and painters; wagon, shoe watch, hat and . . . Map (db m82283) HM
85West Virginia, Randolph County, Huttonsville — Army Headquarters 1861 / Huttonsville
On Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) at Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike (U.S. 250) on Seneca Trail. Reported missing.
Army Headquarters 1861 This village was held by Colonel George Porterfield until he was relieved of command by General Robert Garnett, (C.S.A.). In 1861, it became the headquarters of Generals George McClellan and J. J. Reynolds of the Union . . . Map (db m34369) HM
86West Virginia, Randolph County, Huttonsville — Bishop Asbury
On U.S. 219 just north of U.S. 250, on the right when traveling north.
Bishop Francis Asbury, famed Methodist circuit rider, often visited the Potomac, Tygart’s, Greenbrier, and Monongahela Valleys. In 1790, on a journey from Georgia to New England, he preached at cabin of Benjamin Wilson in Tygart’s Valley.Map (db m82321) HM
87West Virginia, Randolph County, Huttonsville — Camp ElkwaterGateway to the Tygart Valley — The First Campaign —
On Seneca Trail (Route 219) 0.4 miles south of Kumbrabow Forest Road (County Route 219/16), on the right when traveling south.
Following success at Rich Mountain in July 1861, Federal troops under Gen Joseph Reynolds built Camp Elkwater to deter Confederates from returning. Fortifications here blocked the narrow valley floor and a turnpike leading to the Virginia Central . . . Map (db m155087) HM
88West Virginia, Randolph County, Huttonsville — Elkwater / Col. J. A. Washington
On Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) 0.4 miles south of Kumbrabow Forest Road (County Route 219/16), on the right when traveling south.
Elkwater. Trenches made by Federal troops under Gen. Reynolds, 1861. Nearby were the two Haddan Indian forts, scene of the Stewart and Kinnan massacres. Important features of 4-H Club work among rural youth started here in 1915. Col. J. . . . Map (db m34370) HM
89West Virginia, Randolph County, Huttonsville — HuttonsvilleThe Army of the Northwest — The First Campaign —
On Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) at Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike (U.S. 250) on Seneca Trail.
After the defeat in Philippi on June 3, 1861, Confederate forces retreated to this point. Gen. Robert S. Garnett was sent to Western Virginia to reorganize these troops and halt the southeast advance of Federal forces. Here on June 14, he . . . Map (db m155081) HM
90West Virginia, Randolph County, Huttonsville — HuttonsvilleOn the Eve of Battle — Jones-Imboden Raid —
On Railroad Street (U.S. 219) at U.S. 250 on Railroad Street.
(Preface): On April 20, 1863, Confederate Gens. William E. “Grumble” Jones and John D. Imboden began a raid from Virginia through present-day West Virginia against the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Taking separate routes, they . . . Map (db m155086) HM
91West Virginia, Randolph County, Huttonsville — Old Brick Church
On U.S. 250, 0.9 miles east of U.S. 219, on the right when traveling east.
Tygart's Valley Presbyterian Church, organized in 1820. A brick building erected three-fourths mile west at the cemetery was destroyed by Union soldiers in 1862-1863 and the bricks used for building flues at the winter quarters.Map (db m46331) HM
92West Virginia, Randolph County, Mabie — Camp GarnettRich Mountain Battlefield
On Rich Mountain Road / Files Creek Road (County Route 37/8), on the right when traveling west.
Confederates built Camp Garnett to block the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike. Soldiers here felled trees, dug trenches and stacked rocks for protection. Fortifications covered the hills overloioking this road, forming a fearsome obstacle for . . . Map (db m156091) HM
93West Virginia, Randolph County, Mabie — Camp GarnettRich Mountain Battlefield Civil War Site
On Rich Mountain Road / Files Creek Road (County Route 37/8), on the right when traveling west.
Confederate Stronghold Guarding the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike Confederate Brigadier General Robert S. Garnett ordered fortifications built here to control the turnpike and hold western Virginia for the South. The fort, built of earth and . . . Map (db m156092) HM
94West Virginia, Randolph County, Mabie — FortificationsRich Mountain Battlefield
On Rich Mountain Road / Files Creek Road (County Route 37/8), on the right when traveling west.
These earthworks protected Confederates at Camp Garnett from small arms and artillery fire. Soldiers built them by rolling large logs into place and heaping dirt and rocks from a ditch in front. Trees were felled more than 100 yards ahead, their . . . Map (db m23616) HM
95West Virginia, Randolph County, Mabie — General George B. McClellanRich Mountain Battlefield
On Rich Mountain Road / Files Creek Road (County Route 37/8), on the right when traveling west.
General McClellan marched three brigades of Federal troops into position along nearby Roaring Creek. He ordered a strong scouting party up this road to test the Camp Garnett defenses on July 10, 1861. Withering infantry and artillery fire from the . . . Map (db m23636) HM
96West Virginia, Randolph County, Mabie — Staunton-Parkersburg TurnpikeRich Mountain Battlefield
On Rich Mountain Road / Files Creek Road (County Route 37/8), on the right when traveling west.
This turnpike connected the upper Shenandoah Valley with the Ohio River by 1847. Designed by master engineer Claudius Crozet, it was a major rock-paved roadway with toll stations. The road you are traveling follows the original turnpike route. Both . . . Map (db m23617) HM
97West Virginia, Randolph County, Mingo — Pocahontas County / Randolph County
On Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) 0.5 miles north of Dry Branch Road, on the right when traveling north.
Pocahontas County. Formed from Bath, Pendleton and Randolph in 1821. Named for Pocahontas, Indian princess, friend of the Jamestown settlers. Site of Droop Mountain battle, November 6, 1863. The famous Cranberry Glades are in this county. . . . Map (db m165104) HM
98West Virginia, Randolph County, Montrose — Randolph County / Tucker County
On U.S. 219, on the right when traveling west.
Randolph County. Formed from Harrison in 1787. Named for Edmund Jennings Randolph, Virginia statesman and soldier. Largest county in the State. Federal dominance of the Tygart's Valley in War between the states largely determined control of . . . Map (db m24453) HM
99West Virginia, Randolph County, Norton — 139720 — Crawford Scott
On Buckhannon Pike (old U.S. 33) (West Virginia Route 151).
"Crawford Scott 1816-1893 In commemoration of his loyalty to Abraham Lincoln and of his services as a guide to the Union forces during the Civil War of 1861-1865 while living on this farm first native of Randolph County to promote the commercial . . . Map (db m49138) HM
100West Virginia, Randolph County, Valley Head — Big Lime
On West Virginia Route 15, 3.6 miles west of U.S. 219, on the right when traveling west.
The Greenbrier Limestone, in this quarry represent the “Big Lime” of the driller. Fish-egg like oölitic zones in the “Big Lime” produce oil and natural gas in West Virginia.Map (db m155088) HM

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Feb. 5, 2023