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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Calgary Metropolitan Region, Alberta

 
Calgary World War I Memorial image, Touch for more information
By cmh2315fl via Flickr (CC BY-NC 2.0), May 17, 2015
Calgary World War I Memorial
1 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary — Calgary World War I Memorial
To the imperishable glory of the men of this province who fought and died for their king and country in the Great War 1914 — 1918 Erected by Col. Macleod Chapter I. O. D. E.Map (db m196990) WM
2 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary — Mewata Armoury / Le manege militaire Mewata
[English] The scale and bold design of the Mewata Armoury exemplify the wave of national pride that greeted Canada's strong performance in the South African War. In western Canada this military enthusiasm led to a dramatic . . . Map (db m196993) HM
3 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Beltline — Central High School
This school was constructed in 1907-08 of locally quarried sandstone. It was the first purpose-built high school in Calgary. Originally called the Calgary Collegiate Institute it was later known as Central High School. Increasing student enrolment . . . Map (db m220897) HM
4 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Beltline — Rt. Hon. Richard Bedford Bennett1870-1947
[English] Born at Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick, Bennett moved to Calgary in 1897. A member of the legislature of the North West Territories (1898-1905) and of the Alberta Legislative Assembly (1909-11), he was elected to the Commons . . . Map (db m202450) HM
5 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Cliff Bungalow — Western Canada High School
Western Canada College, a private boy's college, was founded on this site in 1903 on land donated by the Canadian Pacific Railway. The college closed in 1926 and the property was sold to the Calgary Public School system which constructed east and . . . Map (db m220896) HM
6 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Annie Gale1876-1970 — An Alberta Champion —
Annie Gale was a British immigrant to Canada who dove straight into community politics to improve the standard of living in her new home. In a matter of only ten years in Calgary, she accomplished many important social and political changes. . . . Map (db m221494) HM
7 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Arthur Ryan Smith1919-2008 — An Alberta Champion —
Arthur Smith, OC, AOE, D.F.C, Order of Merit (Hungary), LLD (Hon.) was born in Calgary. In 1940, he enlisted in the military, serving as an RAF Bomber Command Pilot and receiving the Distinguished Flying Cross. Mr. Smith later held the offices of . . . Map (db m221499) HM
8 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Calgary City Hall
This has been the site of municipal administration since 1885. Construction of City Hall began in 1907, and after four years of controversy and escalating costs it finally reached completion in 1911. It was officially opened by Robert L. Borden, a . . . Map (db m221429) HM
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9 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Calgary City Hall / Hôtel de ville de Calgary
[English] Completed in 1911, this building reflected the city's urban aspirations during its pre-1914 development boom. Designed by Regina architect William M. Dodd in the Romanesque Revival style often favoured for large municipal . . . Map (db m202627) HM
10 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Calgary World War Memorial
In memory of Lt. Col. R.L. Boyle officers N.C.O.s & men of the Tenth Battn. who fell at the Second Battle of Ypres April 22nd 1915 Erected by surviving members of the Battalion ————— To the honour and glory of God in memory of the . . . Map (db m221483) WM
11 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Cathedral Church of the Redeemer
The first Anglican church in Calgary, the Church of the Redeemer opened just to the east of the present site in 1884. The much larger Cathedral Church of the Redeemer opened on July 30, 1905. This Gothic Revival style church is built of local . . . Map (db m220900) HM
12 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Cathedral Church of the RedeemerRegistered Heritage Site
The Cathedral Church of the Redeemer was designated a Registered Heritage Site on September 16, 1974, under provisions of the Alberta Heritage Act, 1973. The first Anglican Church in Calgary was a frame building erected just east of this site in . . . Map (db m221143) HM
13 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Doll Block
Louis Henry Doll, a successful jeweller, completed what he called "Doll's Diamond Palace" in 1907. Deeply affected by the untimely death of his daughter in that same year, Doll lost interest in his business. In 1910, D.E. Black, a former apprentice . . . Map (db m220996) HM
14 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Grant MacEwan1902-2000 — An Alberta Champion —
Grant MacEwan, OC, AOE, was born in Manitoba but spent his formative years on his family’s farm near Melfort, Saskatchewan. Following undergraduate and graduate studies in Canada and the United States, he entered university life in 1928 serving as . . . Map (db m221496) HM
15 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Hudson's Block1891-1977
On this site a sandstone building was constructed by the Hudson's Bay Company in 1891. It was one of the earliest sandstone buildings to be erected in Alberta. The Royal Bank of Canada purchased the property in 1912 and established a branch in . . . Map (db m220999) HM
16 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Imperial Bank of Canada ~ Ca. 1910
First occupied by the Imperial Bank of Canada around 1910, this structure is one of the few remaining buildings associated with early Calgary commerce. In 1975, in keeping with its historic character, it became the headquarters of the Alberta . . . Map (db m221349) HM
17 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Lougheed Home
James Lougheed (later Sir James) came to Calgary as a young lawyer in 1885 and later became leader of the Opposition in the Canadian Senate. He built a frame home for his family on this site. In the 1890's, after moving his family to a larger . . . Map (db m220862) HM
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18 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Maude Riley1882-1962 — An Alberta Champion —
Maude Keen was born in Ontario, moving to Calgary to teach school in 1903. She married Harold Riley and they had three children. Soon after she joined the Local Council of Women, becoming an activist for dower rights and the right to vote for women . . . Map (db m221498) HM
19 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Molson Bank ~ 1911
Built to convey an image of stability and permanence and designed in the Beaus-arts architectural style, this Molson Bank was one of four such institutions constructed in Alberta. In recognition of its historical and architectural significance, it . . . Map (db m220995) HM
20 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — North-West Travellers Building
In the boom years before World War I, many eastern companies established manufacturers' agents in the major western cities and employed salesmen to travel the region. The North-West Travellers Building, built in 1913, served as a centre for them. . . . Map (db m220992) HM
21 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Raoul Wallenberg Corner
The City of Calgary has named this place ‘Raoul Wallenberg Corner’. As a Swedish diplomat stationed in Hungary towards the end of World War II, Raoul Wallenberg saved some 100,000 lives. In so doing, he forfeited his freedom forty years ago today. . . . Map (db m221447) HM
22 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Sir James Alexander Lougheed1854-1925 — An Alberta Champion —
James Lougheed was born in Ontario in 1854. After achieving a law degree from the University of Toronto, he moved west, settling in Calgary in 1885. There Lougheed started a legal practice in partnership with future Prime Minister R.B. Bennett and . . . Map (db m221495) HM
23 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Site of Calgary's Original Court House
The first building on this site was Calgary's original court house erected in 1888 on 4th Street between 6th and 7th Avenues. The sandstone building served as a court house until 1915 when a new building in the southwest area of the block was . . . Map (db m221000) HM
24 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Sitting EagleJohn Hunter — 1874-1970 —
John Hunter was a noted patriarch of the Chiniki band of the Stoney Tribe in Morley, Alberta. He was recognized for his business and ranching acumen and among other tributes, was commemorated by the Calgary Stampede Board in 1951. Sculptor, . . . Map (db m220895) HM
25 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Stephen Avenue / L'avenue Stephen
[English] Stephen Avenue is a superb illustration of the central role that retail streets have played and continue to play in the Canadian urban experience. As a well-preserved commercial street the avenue bears eloquent witness to . . . Map (db m220699) HM
26 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — T.C. Power & Bro.
This building, a typical structure in frontier Calgary, is the only wooden building remaining downtown that predates the great fire of 1886. It was built in 1885 as a general store for the American firm T.C. Power & Bro. and may have been utilized . . . Map (db m221264) HM
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27 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — The BuildersStephen Avenue
"16 log shacks, nine Indian tipis, and a Mounted Police fort." That was Calgary before the railway arrived in 1883. Thirty years later, enterprising Calgarians had created a city. English born William Roper Hull was a bold businessman well suited . . . Map (db m220858) HM
28 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — The BuildingsStephen Avenue
Office and retail space on Stephen Avenue was in high demand between 1909 and 1912. Calgary was the business centre of an expanding, prosperous region and business was booming. This was reflected in the impressive, modern buildings that appeared . . . Map (db m220868) HM
29 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — The Clarence Block ~ 1900
This neo-classical structure was designed by William Dodd, architect of Calgary’s City Hall, and erected in 1900 of machine cut sandstone. Owned by Senator James Lougheed and named after one of his sons, the building once housed the offices of . . . Map (db m220809) HM
30 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — The Great White WayStephen Avenue
Calgarians first enjoyed electric street lighting in 1887. The 32 candlepower incandescent lights were a distant improvement over the candles, oil lamps or gas mantles used previously. In 1889 Pete Prince, manager of the Eau Claire and Bow River . . . Map (db m221492) HM
31 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — The Lancaster Building ~ 1911
Built by James Stuart Mackie a pioneer businessman, who came from England in 1882 and was Calgary’s Mayor in 1901. Designed by James Teaque the Edwardian skyscraper was one of Calgary’s first major office buildings. Completion however was delayed . . . Map (db m222195) HM
32 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — The Meeting PlaceStephen Avenue
The clanging bell and rumbling wheels of the orange streetcar were welcome sounds to people headed for Stephen Avenue. This was Calgary's thriving commercial centre and a natural "meeting place." The trip to "town" became easier and the street even . . . Map (db m220894) HM
33 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — The Palace Theatre / Le Théâtre Palace
[English] Boasting an elegant facade and luxurious interior, this Neoclassical building is one of the last surviving examples of the “palace” style of cinema in western Canada. Owned by the Allen chain, a pioneer of film . . . Map (db m220807) HM
34 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — The T. Eaton Co. Limited
On this site The T. Eaton Co. Limited opened its first Calgary department store on February 28, 1929 ————— Demolished in 1988 portions of the building’s facade have been incorporated into the Calgary Eaton Centre which opened on August 8, . . . Map (db m221493) HM
35 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — The ViewStephen Avenue
Early Calgary developed in the flat, triangular shaped area bounded by the railway tracks and the two rivers. It was a compact community where homes and commercial enterprises were close together, as can be seen in this 1906 picture. On the . . . Map (db m221490) HM
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36 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — This Cairn is Erected to Commemorate the Following
1578 The first Anglican Communion service held near Frobisher Bay by the Reverend Robert Woolfal 1878 The arrival of the Reverend George McKay at Fort Macleod as the first Anglican missionary in southern Alberta . . . Map (db m220997) HM
37 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — Thomson Block ~ 1893
This imposing structure reflects the commercial success of two of Calgary’s pioneer merchants, James Arthur Thomson and Melville Patrick Thomson. In recognition of its historical and architectural significance and the important role it has played . . . Map (db m220998) HM
38 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown Commercial — W. O. Mitchell1914-1998 — An Alberta Champion —
William Ormond Mitchell was one of Canada's best loved storytellers. Who Has Seen the Wind (1947) has become the classic Canadian prairie novel selling almost a million copies since its publication, and Jake and the Kid became one of . . . Map (db m221497) HM
39 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown West End — Grace Dewis and boys in front of Mewata Armouriesca. 1916-1918
Mewata Armouries were built in 1916-1918 as a training and recruitment centre for the volunteer militia. Frederick Dewis (right) joined the R.C.A.F. as a navigator in 1942. He went missing in action over Germany in 1944. Photo Credit: . . . Map (db m222472) HM
40 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown West End — Mewata Armoury
First proposed before 1911, the Calgary Armoury was promoted by R.B. Bennett and Colonel Sam Hughes, Minister of Militia. In 1916 the city donated Mewata Park as a site for the armoury and construction began the same year. Completed in 1917, Mewata . . . Map (db m222137) HM
41 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown West End — Remembrance Day Ceremonies inside Mewata Armouries, 1953
Families and friends gather to remember their loved ones killed in military service. As of 2016, annual services are held at the Jubilee Auditorium, the Cenotaph in Memorial Park, and other locations around Calgary. Photo Credit: Glenbow . . . Map (db m222468) HM
42 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Downtown West End — Soldiers Memorial
Dedicated to the Soldiers of the 103rd Regiment (Calgary Rifles), 10th Canadian Infantry Battalion (C.E.F.) and The Calgary Highlanders Who Have Served Canada in War and PeaceMap (db m222177) WM
43 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — An Outpost on the Bow RiverNWMP and I.G. Baker employees build Fort Calgary — 1875 —
F Troop, under the leadership of Inspector Ephrem Brisebois, travelled to the confluence of the Bow and Elbow Rivers to establish an outpost part way between Fort Macleod and Fort Edmonton. The I. G. Baker and Company was hired to supply materials . . . Map (db m221791) HM
44 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — Building The Ideal CityFrom police outpost... To modern city
Calgary’s progress from police outpost to modern city has required difficult choices about our vision of success as a community. The development of our city can be traced through what we did with Fort Calgary and our river valleys. The railway . . . Map (db m222037) HM
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45 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — Calgarians Rediscover Fort CalgaryAlderman Ayer leads the way — 1875-1975 —
While planning Calgary's 1975 Centennial Celebrations, Alderman John Ayer led a committee of citizens in a successful attempt to recover the City's birthplace — Fort Calgary. The City acquired the land, excavated the archaeological remains of Fort . . . Map (db m222014) HM
46 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — ConnectionsThe Modern City Reflects the Past
Names of Calgary streets, parks, buildings and landmarks honour and recall people and places from our fascinating history. George C. King Apartments and Footbridge George C. King was the first NWMP to set foot on the site where Fort Calgary . . . Map (db m221648) HM
47 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — Early ExplorersDavid Thompson travelled to this area in 1800. — 1800 —
The North West and Hudson's Bay fur trading companies sent traders and explorers into unknown territories to find new Aboriginal trading partners. David Thompson, often accompanied by his Métis wife Charlotte Small and their children, travelled . . . Map (db m221687) HM
48 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — Fort Calgary's Railway Era
A real estate boom from 1907-1913 brought big opportunities for business and transportation. The NWMP Barracks were in a prime location and the Federal Government sold Fort Calgary to the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway. The first tracks were built in . . . Map (db m222036) HM
49 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — John AyerA Man with 'Fortitude'
The Fort that would have been a freeway In the late 1960s Fort Calgary was occupied by the Canadian National Railway and a number of businesses, including MacCosham's Van Lines. A 1966 redevelopment plan for downtown called for . . . Map (db m222035) HM
50 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — Keeping Memory Alive: The Rock
What would you do if you founded a city, and no one remembered where it began? In 1875, the North West Mounted Police (NWMP) established Fort Calgary at the confluence of the Bow and Elbow Rivers, laying the foundation for the city of . . . Map (db m221500) HM
51 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — Métis, Whiskey Traders, Missionaries and SettlersMany find new opportunities in the west
The Métis, descendants of European fur traders and Aboriginal women, moved into this area in the late 1800s. They held large organized buffalo hunts to obtain hides and meat that they sold to the Hudson's Bay Company, settlers and Mounted Police. . . . Map (db m221699) HM
52 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — NitsitapiThe Real People
The Real People include the Siksika, Kainai and Piikani tribes of the Blackfoot Nation. The nomadic Nitsitapi who lived in this area hunted the buffalo and gathered the prairie vegetation for food, clothing, shelter, tools, medicines and . . . Map (db m221698) HM
53 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — The City of CalgaryCalgary Becomes a City
One year after the train arrived, Calgary was incorporated as a town and in 1894 it became the first city of the North West Territories. Sandstone buildings replaced wooden stores and homes and Calgary became known as the Sandstone City.Map (db m221700) HM
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54 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — The Frontier Community DisappearsBusiness and culture change the face of Calgary
Calgary began to change from a small community whose economy was based in ranching and agriculture. Entrepreneurs opened businesses like a brewery, sandstone quarries, and a steam tractor dealership. Calgarians enjoyed a zoo, city parks, schools, . . . Map (db m221802) HM
55 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — The Mounties Sell Calgary BarracksCaptain Deane is last Commanding Officer on this site — 1914 —
When he arrived in Calgary to take over as Commanding Officer, Captain Richard Burton Deane refused to live in the dilapidated Officers Quarters that he found at Calgary Barracks. He received permission from Ottawa to construct a new home that was . . . Map (db m221801) HM
56 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — The North West Mounted PoliceNWMP
In 1873, Prime Minister John A. Macdonald passed legislation that created the North West Mounted Police. This Police Force guaranteed Canadian sovereignty and prepared for the settlement of the land.Map (db m221750) HM
57 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — The North West Mounted Police March WestWhisky Traders Flee — 1874 —
Officers led 300 enlisted men, Métis Guides, wagons and carts loaded with supplies, two nine pound field guns, beef cattle and haying equipment out of Dufferin, Manitoba in early July 1874 on their historic trek to the western prairies. By late . . . Map (db m221784) HM
58 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — The North West TerritoriesDominion of Canada purchases the western plains from the Hudson's Bay Company — 1869 —
In 1869, Canada bought Rupert's Land but failed to provide the area with any government presence. The illegal whiskey trade, the need to build a national railway, fear of American settlers laying claim to the land and the massacre of several . . . Map (db m221775) HM
59 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — The NWMP Build Calgary BarracksBigger and better buildings replace the old fort — 1888 —
The old fort was demolished and new log buildings with shingled roofs were constructed. Without the fort the name changed to Calgary Barracks. As headquarters for 'E' Division, Calgary was responsible for all the land north to Red Deer, south to . . . Map (db m221800) HM
60 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — The Train Arrives in CalgaryThe community becomes a transportation centre — 1883 —
A promise to connect British Columbia with the eastern provinces forced the government to build a national railroad. The Canadian Pacific Railway located its station west of the Fort in 1883 and sold the surrounding lots to eager Calgarians. The . . . Map (db m221799) HM
61 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, East Village — Wars, Depression and OilOil is discovered and Calgary becomes the oil capital of Canada — 1914 —
In the first half of the twentieth century, Calgarians struggled through two World Wars and the Great Depression. The construction of the CPR railcar repair shops and creation of the Glenmore Dam on the Elbow River employed many people when jobs . . . Map (db m221970) HM
62 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Southwest Calgary — Scollen Bridge
Before the Mission District became part of Calgary in 1907, it was the village of Rouleauville. The streets had names instead of numbers. Twenty-fifth Avenue was called Scollen Street in honour of a man who tried to bridge the divide between Native . . . Map (db m220899) HM
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63 Alberta, Calgary Metropolitan Region, Calgary, Victoria Park — Curtis Block
The three buildings which originally occupied this location were developed by J.H. Curtis beginning in 1909. By 1914 two additional structures had been added with the entire complex being referred to as the Curtis Block. They made a significant . . . Map (db m222208) HM
 
 
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Apr. 24, 2024