“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
131 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed.                                               The final 31 


Historical Markers and War Memorials in Inyo County, California

Clickable Map of Inyo County, California and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Inyo County, CA (131) Fresno County, CA (118) Kern County, CA (334) Mono County, CA (76) San Bernardino County, CA (314) Tulare County, CA (84) Clark County, NV (196) Esmeralda County, NV (23) Nye County, NV (71)  InyoCounty(131) Inyo County (131)  FresnoCounty(118) Fresno County (118)  KernCounty(334) Kern County (334)  MonoCounty(76) Mono County (76)  SanBernardinoCounty(314) San Bernardino County (314)  TulareCounty(84) Tulare County (84)  ClarkCountyNevada(196) Clark County (196)  EsmeraldaCounty(23) Esmeralda County (23)  NyeCounty(71) Nye County (71)
Independence is the county seat for Inyo County
Adjacent to Inyo County, California
      Fresno County (118)  
      Kern County (334)  
      Mono County (76)  
      San Bernardino County (314)  
      Tulare County (84)  
      Clark County, Nevada (196)  
      Esmeralda County, Nevada (23)  
      Nye County, Nevada (71)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 California, Inyo County, Aspendell — Power for the Diggins
With the discovery of gold and silver in Nevada at Goldfield and Tonopah, the need for electric power for mining operations was fulfilled in September, 1905, by construction of a hydro-electric plant on Bishop Creek, which supplied 1,300 . . . Map (db m629) HM
2 California, Inyo County, Ballarat — Ballarat
Ballarat was born in eighteen ninety seven following the discovery of the Radcliff Mine in Pleasant Canyon. Its namesake was the famous gold city in Victoria Australia. It was never a very large town. It served Panamint Valley and Death . . . Map (db m159356) HM
3 California, Inyo County, Big Pine — Big Pine Veterans Memorial
Marker 1: The Big Pine Veterans Memorial was established by the Big Pine Civic Club in the year 2000 to honor all veterans of the Owens Valley. The 80-foot tall pole proudly displays the "Stars and Stripes" with the California State flag . . . Map (db m54427) HM
4 California, Inyo County, Big Pine — The Roosevelt TreePlanted July 23, 1913
This Giant Sequoia is reported to have been planted to commemorate the opening of Westgaard Pass to automobile traffic. The tree was named in honor of President Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt.Map (db m54428) HM
5 California, Inyo County, Big Pine — Westgaard Pass Toll Road
Camp Independence soldiers needed a road to Waucoba-Deep Springs. In 1873 J. S. "Scott" Broder completed this road and collected tolls until 1900. In 1913 A. L. Westgaard led an American Automobile Assn. tour across here, seeking a new . . . Map (db m54425) HM
6 California, Inyo County, Big Pine — Zurich Station
Zurich Station, formerly Alvord, was established in 1884 as a freight and passenger station on the Carson & Colorado Railway - known locally as "The Slim Princess." Zurich was the main railroad station for Big Pine and points east. Its name . . . Map (db m92763) HM
7 California, Inyo County, Bishop — "Atlas Copco Mucker"
This historic mining artifact is known as a track mucking machine. It dates back to the 1960s and was used by Union Carbide Corporation at the nearby Pine Creek Tungsten mine 20 miles North West of Bishop. During World War II and for some years . . . Map (db m78131) HM
8 California, Inyo County, Bishop — 811 — Bishop Creek Battleground
On April 6, 1862, a battle took place around this site between newly arrived citizens of the Owens River Valley and the Paiute and Shoshone Indians, original inhabitants of the land. The reason for this battle is lost in obscurity, but brave men on . . . Map (db m628) HM
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9 California, Inyo County, Bishop — Buttermilk Road
Behind this plaque is the original road that went to the Bishop Creek Drainage. Built at the turn of the 20th Century, this road brought miners and supplies to the Wilshire Mine, known today as the Cardinal Mine. Seven miles up this road was . . . Map (db m189377) HM
10 California, Inyo County, Bishop — History of "Dangerous Arrest"Inyo Register — Thursday, March 10, 1887 —
The Shooting For the first time in many months the peace and calm of the town were disturbed by a succession of pistols shots last Saturday night. The shots were fired by Officer Plumley in arresting one Phillip Staiger for disorderly conduct . . . Map (db m78316) HM
11 California, Inyo County, Bishop — 953 — Laws Station
In 1883 the Carson & Colorado Railroad was built between Mound House (Near Carson City, Nevada) through Laws to Keeler, California, a distance of 300 miles. Laws Station was named in honor of Mr. R.J. Laws, Assistant Superintendent of the . . . Map (db m10333) HM
12 California, Inyo County, Bishop — Lynching of the Convicts
Near this location, on Oct. 1, 1871, escaped convicts Moses Black and Leander Morton were lynched by vigilantes to avenge the killing of Robert Morrison, a well liked Wells Fargo agent from Benton. Morrison was a member of the sheriff's posse who . . . Map (db m72571) HM
13 California, Inyo County, Bishop — 230 — Owensville
The first white man’s settlement in northern Owens Valley was built here in 1861 and two years later prospectors named it Owensville. It thrived for some time but in 1864, as mining in the White Mts. petered out the miners moved on to better . . . Map (db m2953) HM
14 California, Inyo County, Bishop — Pine Creek Mine
West of this spot, gold was discovered in the Pine Creek drainage by Civil War veterans. It was not until April, 1916, when tungsten was discovered by four men: O.E. Vaughn, A.E. & C.C. Beauregard, and James Sproul on their claims, Blizzard 1, 2, 3 . . . Map (db m2952) HM
15 California, Inyo County, Bishop — Project Sierra Wave
Fifty years ago, the eastern edge of the Sierra Nevada was the site of intense atmospheric research to explore the cause and dynamics of the newly appreciated and powerful mountain wave phenomenon known locally as the Sierra Wave. This . . . Map (db m156150) HM
16 California, Inyo County, Bishop — 208 — San Francis Ranch
In 1861, Samuel A. Bishop, his wife and party left Fort Tejon for the Owens Valley driving 650 head of stock. On August 22, Bishop reached a creek later named for him and southwest of this spot, established San Francis Ranch. There a peace treaty . . . Map (db m627) HM
17 California, Inyo County, Bishop — Slim Princess
The Slim Princess “Engine 9” was built in 1909 and first saw service on the 36 inch narrow gauge rails (standard gauge is 4 feet 8 ½ inches) of the Nevada, California and Oregon Railroad. It came to the Mina Branch of the Southern Pacific in 1929 . . . Map (db m78315) HM
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18 California, Inyo County, Bishop — The Ernest Kinney Teamster Family Mural
First Panel Left: Logging at Mono Mills Circa 1850-1910 This mural illustrates the Kinneys and Summers (Ernest’s grandmother was a Summers) hauling logs. The rig with the big wheels called “Michigan Wheels” is dragging the timber . . . Map (db m78320) HM
19 California, Inyo County, Bishop — The Little Kittie Inn
In August 1924 Matt Wilkenson opened the Kittie Lee Inn, which was named for his daughter. When William R. Whorff purchased it in 1925, the Kittie Lee became "the" place to stay for Hollywood's finest. When Bishop Airport was a training center . . . Map (db m72572) HM
20 California, Inyo County, Bishop — The Mule
A hybrid offspring of a male donkey, commonly known as a jackass and a female horse. Characterized by long ears, a braying voice and short mane, this patient and sure footed animal has been used as a beast of burden throughout the world. Its . . . Map (db m92729) HM
21 California, Inyo County, Bishop — The Old Inyo County Jailhouse
The early days of Inyo County presented many challenges to the original settlers, particularly for peacekeepers. The first sheriff, W.A. Greenly, served only one year. Many officials served only one or two years before resigning. Territorial and . . . Map (db m200934) HM
22 California, Inyo County, Bishop — Whiskey Creek History
The Kittie Lee Inn was built in 1924 and was considered to be the height of luxury. During Hollywood’s heyday of filming movies in the High Sierra, almost all of the great stars stayed here at one time or another. Will Rogers, Randolph Scott, . . . Map (db m78314) HM
23 California, Inyo County, Cartago — 537 — Cottonwood Charcoal Kilns Reported missing
In June 1873 Colonel Sherman Stevens built a sawmill and flume on Cottonwood Creek high in the Sierras directly west of this spot. The flume connected with the Los Angeles Bullion Road. The lumber from the flume was used for timbering in the mine . . . Map (db m33877) HM
24 California, Inyo County, Cartago — 537 — Cottonwood Charcoal Kilns
In June 1873 Colonel Sherman Stevens built a sawmill and flume on Cottonwood Creek high in the Sierra’s directly west of this spot. The flume connected with the Los Angeles Bullion Road. The lumber from the flume was used for timbering in the . . . Map (db m52104) HM
25 California, Inyo County, Coso Junction — Coso Hot Springs
In the 1930s, this billboard directed travelers to the Coso Hot Springs resort, which was 10 miles to the east. Molten rock, or magma, lies about five miles below the earth's surface. Groundwater percolates through rock fractures, is . . . Map (db m195627) HM
26 California, Inyo County, Coso Junction — Listen Well, For This Story Must Be ToldNative Americans in the Owens Valley
We the Numu, (pronounced Noom, which is our word for people) known now as Owens Valley Paiute, are native to the broad and beautiful valleys here. What you see may look stark and dry, but long before the whites came, we understood this land . . . Map (db m195037) HM
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27 California, Inyo County, Darwin — Darwin
The town was named after Dr. E. Darwin French who explored the area in 1860 giving his name to the falls, canyon, and wash. First recorded mine, the Promontorio, was discovered by Rafael Cuervo October 1876. Darwin was the center of activity of the . . . Map (db m72567) HM
28 California, Inyo County, Darwin — Joshua Tree
Have you found what you're looking for?Map (db m72565) HM
29 California, Inyo County, Death Valley Junction — 52 — Amargosa Opera House
This building was originally built by the Pacific Coast Borax Company in 1924. The original name of the facility was Corkill Hall, and was the social center for Death Valley Junction between 1924 to 1948. Between the years 1948 to 1967, Corkill . . . Map (db m78582) HM
30 California, Inyo County, Death Valley Junction — 51 — Death Valley Junction
This historic crossroad has been used by Indians, Clampers, Death Valley 49ers, ranchers, farmers, settlers and tourists. The town was originally called Amargosa. In 1907, the name was changed to Death Valley Junction. At this junction, the Tonopah . . . Map (db m78583) HM
31 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Aguereberry Camp
There is gold in the hill in front of you, and old- time prospector Shorty Harris and his greenhorn partner Pete Aguereberry discovered it in 1905. Their discovery triggered a short-lived mining boom. The tent town of Harrisburg blossomed . . . Map (db m168072) HM
32 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Aguereberry Point6,433 Feet
Here at Aguereberry Point you can see why Death Valley is often described as a vast geologic museum. Badwater Basin far below and the peaks of the Panamint Mountains above are the results of the land tilting along active fault lines; the . . . Map (db m168023) HM
33 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — An Architectural Heritage
Among the first structures greeting visitors entering the park from the west, these two stone buildings at Emigrant were built to serve as a ranger station and are a legacy of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Created by President Franklin . . . Map (db m159295) HM
34 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Ashford Mill RuinsFading Fortunes
In 1914, gold ore from the Golden Treasure Mine, 5 miles to the east, was processed here for shipment to a smelter. Legend has it that the Ashford Brothers sold the mine for $50,000 to a Hungarian Count, who later sold it to B.W. McCausland for . . . Map (db m89558) HM
35 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Badwater Pool
Good Life in Badwater Water is rare and precious in Death Valley. Imagine the disappointment when a surveyor mapping this area could not get his mule to drink from this pool. He wrote on his map that the spring had "bad water," and . . . Map (db m159465) HM
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36 California, Inyo county, Death Valley National Park — Barker RanchFamily Getaway
Barker Ranch was built by "recreational ranchers" who moved to the desert to enjoy the solitude and simplicity of living far from civilization, Bluch and Helen Thomason moved to the area in the late 1930s to try their hand at gold . . . Map (db m238166) HM
37 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — 444 — Bennett-Arcan Long Camp
Near this spot the Bennett-Arcane contingent of the Death Valley '49ers, emigrants from the Middle West, seeking shortcut to California gold fields, were stranded for a month and almost perished from starvation. William Lewis Manley and John Rogers, . . . Map (db m159315) HM
38 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — BoraxHarmony Borax Works — Refining Borax —
These panels deal with how borax was mined and refined at the Harmony Borax Works in Death Valley. Borax Borates - salt minerals - were deposited in ancient lake beds that uplifted and eroded into the yellow Furnace Creek . . . Map (db m80567) HM
39 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — 442 — Death Valley 49ers Gateway
Through this natural gateway the Death Valley Forty-Niners, more than one hundred emigrants from the middle west, seeking a shortcut to gold fields of central California, entered Death Valley in December, 1849. All suffered from thirst and . . . Map (db m167508) HM
40 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Death Valley’s First Tourist Resort
Herman William “Bob” Eichbaum long dreamed of building a resort hotel in Death Valley, convinced that its “beauty, mystery, and history” would attract tourists. Beginning in 1915, motion pictures, automobile companies, and writers created . . . Map (db m195619) HM
41 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Devil’s Cornfield
Seeking to capitalize on the mystique of Death Valley, early promoters attached dubious names like "Devils Cornfield" to its strange and unusual features. Thought to resemble bundled corn left to dry in rows at harvest time, the root system . . . Map (db m195412) HM
42 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Devils Golf Course
Crystallized salts compose the jagged formations of this forbidding landscape. Deposited by ancient salt lakes and shaped by winds and rain, the crystals are forever changing. Listen carefully. On a warm day you may hear a metallic cracking . . . Map (db m158905) HM
43 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Eagle Borax Works
A few structural remains and the nearby borax windrows are the most visible reminders of Eagle Borax Works, the first borax refinery in Death Valley. Businessman Isador Daunet founded the Eagle operation on this site, producing borax by . . . Map (db m159313) HM
44 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — 848 — Eichbaum Toll Road
In 1926 H.W. Eichbaum obtained a franchise for a toll road from Darwin Falls to Stovepipe Wells, the first maintained road into the valley from the west. It changed the area from mining to tourism and brought about the creation of Death Valley . . . Map (db m149164) HM
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45 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Golden Canyon Trail
From the very early days of tourism in Death Valley, visitors wanted to explore the geologic treasures found in Golden Canyon. Once a road travelled up the canyon, but now only remnants of asphalt remain and the route is now Death Valley's most . . . Map (db m195617) HM
46 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Journigan’s MillDesert Dreams
Roy Journigan acquired this mill site in Emigrant Canyon shortly after passage of the 1934 Gold Reserve Act caused the price of gold to jump from $20 to $35 an ounce. His strategy was to operate a custom mill for local mines, so both he and the . . . Map (db m212389) HM
47 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Keane Wonder Mine“King of the Desert”
Good fortune inspired the name “King of the Desert,“ coined for the Keane Wonder Mine by the Rhyolite Herald in 1911. The mine was discovered by Jack Keane and Domingo Etcharren in 1904. Producing over a million dollars in gold from 1904 to 1917, . . . Map (db m159260) HM
48 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Keane Wonder Mine Reported permanently removed
During the first two decades of this century the Keane Wonder Mine was the scene of major investment and development. The products of this labor were the riches - gold and silver. About 1903, Jack Keane, prospector, discovered gold in this . . . Map (db m159264) HM
49 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Lake Manly
How vivid is your imagination? Can you visualize the desert scene before you as it would have appeared approximately 20,000 years ago? Imagine, if you can, this valley filled with a lake, 90 miles long, 6 to 11 miles wide and up to 600 feet . . . Map (db m160793) HM
50 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Leadfield
This was a mining boom town founded on wild and distorted advertising. 300 hopeful people swarmed here and a post office was established in August, 1926. In February 1927, the post office closed and the town died.Map (db m159527) HM
51 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — LeadfieldDreams and Schemes
The Roaring '20s, like the 1990s and early 2000s, fueled an age of excess and speculation, setting the stage for Leadfield, a town built on dreams of wealth. Lead deposits attracted prospectors to Titus Canyon as early as 1905, but . . . Map (db m195240) HM
52 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — 773 — Old Harmony Borax Works
On the marsh near this point borax was discovered in 1881 by Aaron Winters who later sold his holdings to W. T. Coleman of San Francisco. In 1882 Coleman built the Harmony Borax Works and commissioned his superintendent J. W. S. Perry to design . . . Map (db m158971) HM
53 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — 826 — Old Stovepipe Wells
This waterhole, only one in the sand dune area of Death Valley, was at the junction of two Indian trails. During the bonanza days of Rhyolite and Skidoo it was the only known water source on the cross-valley road. When sand obscured the spot, a . . . Map (db m94591) HM
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54 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Padre Crowley PointIn Memory of the Padre of the Desert — Father John J. Crowley 1891-1940 —
From the snowey heights of the Sierras beyond the deep shadows of Death Valley, beloved and trusted by people of all faiths. He led them toward life's wider horizons. He passed this way.Map (db m72566) HM
55 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Petroglyphs
Indian rock carvings are found throughout the Western Hemisphere. Indians living today deny any knowledge of their meaning. Are they family symbols, doodlings, or ceremonial markings? Your guess is as good as any. Ancient Archives . . . Map (db m159528) HM
56 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Saratoga SpringsA Remote Rest Stop
Named after the famed Saratoga Springs in New York state, the springs here create open-water ponds that contrast starkly with the hot, dry, desolate floor of Death Valley. The first visitors to its refreshing waters included resident and . . . Map (db m235621) HM
57 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Scotty’s CastleRoad to Recovery
Flash Flood Scours Grapevine Canyon On the night of October 18, 2015, heavy rains pounded Grapevine Canyon. Floodwaters roared out of the canyon mouth — visible to the northeast — and down the valley behind the ranger station. After . . . Map (db m195573) HM
58 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Shorty Harris Grave
Bury me beside Jim Dayton in the valley we loved. Above me write: "Here lies Shorty Harris, a single blanket jackass prospector." - Epitaph requested by Shorty (Frank) Harris, beloved gold hunter, 1856-1934. Here Jas. Dayton, pioneer, perished, . . . Map (db m159314) HM
59 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Skidoo
You are standing in what once was downtown Skidoo. Unlike other Death Valley boomtowns, Skidoo flourished for nearly ten years. At its height in 1907 it boasted 700 residents, a newspaper, bank, school, and telephone service. The hundreds . . . Map (db m159370) HM
60 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Skidoo Mill
Powered by water piped from a spring high in the Panamint Range, the Skidoo Mill extracted gold from ore and was one of Death Valley's most profitable operations. Skidoo had the only water-powered milling plant in Death Valley. The . . . Map (db m159375) HM
61 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Skidoo Pipeline
The Skidoo Pipeline can be seen either north or south of this location. The pipeline, which ran from Birch Spring in Jail Canyon to the millsite 23 miles away, was completed in 1907 at a cost of $250,000.Map (db m159328) HM
62 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Star Wars CanyonMilitary Training — Rainbow Canyon —
Before you is part of one of the largest military aircraft training areas in the U.S. It has been used continuously since the 1930s. Much of what is now the western portion of Death Valley National Park was added under the condition that . . . Map (db m194626) HM
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63 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — The Eureka Mine
Gold from the Eureka Mine sustained Pete Aguereberry for 40 years. Historians estimate that Aguereberry extracted about $175,000 worth of gold (then valued at $20 per ounce) from Providence Ridge during his lifetime. Cashier Mill . . . Map (db m168029) HM
64 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — The Racetrack PlayaDeath Valley National Park
In front of you is a dry lake bed - a playa - the flattest of all natural surfaces. Fine mud and silt, eroded from the surrounding mountain, compose the playa. Water washes across the playa, suspending the sediments in a shallow, . . . Map (db m235586) HM
65 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Twenty Mule Teams
For more than a century, the 20 Mule Team has been the symbol of the Borax industry — on product labels, in history books, and on television. The status is well-earned; mule teams help solve the most difficult task that faced death Valley Borax . . . Map (db m194275) HM
66 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Ubehebe CraterDeath Valley National Park
Before you is vivid evidence of one of the geologic forces that shapes Death Valley. Unlike most geologic features, the age of Ubehebe Crater (u-bee hee-bee) is measured in thousands rather than millions of years; it is about 2,000 years old. . . . Map (db m167511) HM
67 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Wagon Wheel History Reported missing
Traces of civilization remain for a long time on the face of Death Valley. Here, on both sides of the paved highway, you can see tracks of wagons that rolled between the mining boom towns of Rhyolite, Nevada and Skidoo, California.Map (db m159209) HM
68 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Warm Springs CampDeath Valley National Park
Independent from an early age, Louise Grantham moved from Ohio to California in her twenties and, without training or experience, became a prospector. The fact that this land belonged to someone else did not deter her. In 1929, . . . Map (db m238062) HM
69 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — White Gold
Though steeped in legend, the frenzied search for gold and other materials in Death Valley produced few fortunes. Borax, the "White Gold of the Desert," ranks as the valley's most profitable mineral. Harmony Borax works, in front of you, . . . Map (db m32661) HM
70 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Wildrose CCC CampHome, Far Away From Home
During the 1930s, Americans struggled with the financial and social turmoil of the Great Depression. The employment rate reached 25 percent, and many men were unable to support their families. Their frustration contributed to the election of . . . Map (db m159360) HM
71 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Wildrose Charcoal Kilns
Built in 1877, these kilns produced charcoal for the Modock Mine smelter about 20 miles to the west. Workers filled the stone kilns with piñon pine logs (relatively abundant in this area) and fired them. The burning, which reduced the wood to . . . Map (db m159369) HM
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72 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park — Zabriskie PointFrom Wasteland to Wonderland
Mining comes and goes with fluctuating demand for minerals, but the draw of the desert is eternal. By the 1920s borax mining activity had slowed and the Pacific Coast Borax Company began looking for other uses for its holdings in Death Valley. The . . . Map (db m159455) HM
73 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park, Furnace Creek — 20 Mule Team Wagon Train1885
Used in hauling borax from Death Valley to Mojave, 165 miles - 10 days. The borax weighed 24 tons. The entire weight totaled 36½ tons.Map (db m159870) HM
74 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park, Furnace Creek — Furnace Creek Ranch, Death Valley
Furnace Creek is a spring fed stream flowing into Death Valley. Native Americans lived here centuries prior to its discovery by lost Forty Niners. In 1881, Aaron Winters found borax nearby, and sold his claims and water rights to William Tell . . . Map (db m159457) HM
75 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park, Furnace Creek — Old Dinah1894
Steam tractor and ore wagons introduced at Old Borate to replace the twenty mule teams and replaced in turn by the Borate and Daggett Railroad. The tractor was later used and abandoned on the Beatty-Keane Wonder Mine Road in Death Valley.Map (db m159872) HM
76 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park, Furnace Creek — Stephen Tyng Mather — July 4, 1867 - Jan. 22, 1930 —
He laid the foundation of the National Park Service, defining and establishing the policies under which its areas shall be developed and conserved unimpaired for future generations. There will never come an end to the good that he has done.Map (db m158620) HM
77 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park, Stovepipe Wells — 441 — Burned Wagons Point
Near this monument, Jayhawker group of Death Valley Forty-Niners, gold seekers from middle west, who entered Death Valley in 1849 seeking short route to mines of Central California, burned their wagons, dried the meat of some oxen and, with . . . Map (db m89481) HM
78 California, Inyo County, Death Valley National Park, Stovepipe Wells — Road To Adventure
The first resort on this site, originally named “Bungalette City," was opened on November 1, 1926. Owned and operated by Herman William (Bob) and Helene Eichbaum, this resort was the first attempt to provide full scale tourist services in Death . . . Map (db m103254) HM
79 California, Inyo County, Independence — A Community's Living RoomManzanar National Historic Site
This auditorium is one of three original buildings remaining here from Manzanar War Relocation Center. As you walk closer, listen for laughter, tears, music—the sounds of celebration and sadness that once echoed through this building’s . . . Map (db m122704) HM WM
80 California, Inyo County, Independence — 349 — Camp Independence
At the request of settlers, Colonel George Evans led a military expedition to this site on July 4, 1862. Hence its name “Independence”. Indian hostilities ceased and the camp closed. War again broke out in 1865 and the camp was reoccupied as Fort . . . Map (db m2954) HM
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81 California, Inyo County, Independence — Edwards House
Thomas Edwards came to the Owens Valley in 1863, acquired land and founded the township of Independence. He built this house in 1865. It is the oldest house in Inyo County.Map (db m52101) HM
82 California, Inyo County, Independence — Engine #18
An oil burning steam locomotive, built by Baldwin in 1911, was purchased by the Southern Pacific R.R. in 1928 to haul passengers and freight along the 300 mile narrow gauge line, known locally as the “Slim Princess”. Jim Butler of Tonopah said, “It . . . Map (db m52099) HM
83 California, Inyo County, Independence — Historic Independence
The year 1861 found Charles Putnam gathering stones along Little Pine Creek to build a cabin. The simple structure served as a trading post for local miners and homesteaders who called the settlement Little Pine. Conflicts between native . . . Map (db m225348) HM
84 California, Inyo County, Independence — Icon of ConfinementManzanar Guard Tower
From 1942 to 1945, eight US Army guard towers loomed over the more than 11,000 Japanese Americans held in Manzanar. For most of that time, US Military Police manned the towers, a visual reminder that the unconstitutionally incarcerated . . . Map (db m221511) HM
85 California, Inyo County, Independence — Inyo County Courthouse
Architect: William H. Weeks Contractor: McCombs and Son Board of Supervisors George W. Naylor * Amos Hancock Thomas Thomson, Jr. * W.V. Butler Charles Partridge Accepted: November 8, 1921 The Inyo County Courthouse is . . . Map (db m2956) HM
86 California, Inyo County, Independence — Kearsarge Station
Built originally as a stagecoach depot in 1866, it evolved into a railroad station in 1883 to carry freight and passengers on the Carson & Colorado Railroad line, known locally as the "Slim Princess". It served the Independence community from 1883 . . . Map (db m72573) HM
87 California, Inyo County, Independence — LegacyManzanar National Historic Site
Over the years, this monument has become an icon, inspiring a grass-roots movement to preserve Manzanar and remember the sacrifices of 120,313 Japanese Americans confined by their own government.Map (db m70549) HM
88 California, Inyo County, Independence — 850 — Manzanar
In the early part of the World War II, 110,000 persons of Japanese ancestry were interned in relocation centers by Executive Order No. 9066, issued on February 19, 1942. Manzanar, the first of ten such concentration camps, was bounded by . . . Map (db m122703) HM WM
89 California, Inyo County, Independence — 229 — Mary Austin’s Home1868 - 1934
“But if ever you come beyond the borders as far as the town that lies in a hill dimple at the foot of Kearsarge, never leave it until you have knocked on the door of the brown house under the willow-tree at the end of the village street, and there . . . Map (db m2955) HM
90 California, Inyo County, Independence — Mining in Inyo County — Eastern California Museum —
Early prospectors found promising outcrops in Inyo County. In 1861 the Russ Mining District was formed on the west slope of the Inyo Mountains between Lone Pine and Independence. The most significant mine in the district is the Reward Mine, . . . Map (db m221507) HM
91 California, Inyo County, Independence — Mt. Whitney Fish Hatchery
In 1916, the citizens of Independence purchased a 40 acre tract of land and donated it to the State of California for the building of a fish hatchery. This structure was the result. The first trout were produced in 1918, and since that . . . Map (db m218383) HM
92 California, Inyo County, Independence — 223 — Putnam’s Stone Cabin
One hundred thirty feet west of this site, Charles Putnam built the first cabin of permanent habitation in what is now Inyo County in August 1861. The building served as a home, trading post, hospital, and “fort” for early settlers, as well as a . . . Map (db m2957) HM
93 California, Inyo County, Independence — Sacred SpaceManzanar National Historic Site
Life at Manzanar was uncertain, but the prospect of dying behind barbed wire, far from home, may have been unthinkable. On May 16, 1943, Matsunosuke Murakami, 62, became the first of 150 men, women, and children to die in camp. He and 14 others, . . . Map (db m70534) WM
94 California, Inyo County, Independence — Weaving for the WarManzanar National Historic Site
America went to work for the war effort in 1942, and Manzanar was no exception. More than 500 young Japanese Americans wove camouflage nets here for the U.S. Army. Since citizenship was a job requirement, most saw weaving nets as a chance to prove . . . Map (db m70551) HM
95 California, Inyo County, Keeler — Cerro Gordo
Cerro Gordo discovered by Mexicans in 1865 was at $17,000,000 Inyo's wealthiest mineral producer. Silver, lead, zinc, water and supplies all went by mule train, tram. The "Bessie Brady" boat across Owens Lake and Remi Nadeau mule teams to build the . . . Map (db m72747) HM
96 California, Inyo County, Keeler — Dolomite Mine
In 1862 this high quality deposit of dolomitic limestone was discovered. Its remorte location delayed development until 1883, when the Carson & Colorado Railroad was constructed. In 1885, Drew Haven Dunn filed a mining claim and the Inyo Marble . . . Map (db m72577) HM
97 California, Inyo County, Keeler — Highway HistoryInyo County — Point of Interest —
On Names and Routes The numbering of the current State and Federal highways reflects the piecemeal manner in which these highway systems were conceived, constructed and signed. Most highways replicate or replace older local routes, . . . Map (db m195706) HM
98 California, Inyo County, Keeler — KeelerEnd of the Line
From Mound House, Nevada, narrow gauge rails of the Carson & Colorado Railroad reached this site in 1883. Cerro Gordo and other mines faltered, the rail line fell on hard times, so plans to extend the line to Mojave were abandoned, leaving Keeler as . . . Map (db m72574) HM
99 California, Inyo County, Keeler — Keeler Then to Now
In 1865 Pablo Flores found the richest vein of silver California has ever had ($17 million) overlooking Owens Lake at the crest of the Inyo Mountains. By 1868 Cerro Gordo Landing was growing to supply the mines. Water went up the "Yellow . . . Map (db m221858) HM
100 California, Inyo County, Keeler — Owens Lake Dust Mitigation Program
Owens Lake was once over 300 feet deep and part of a large ancient freshwater lake. As the climate changed over centuries, the lake began to dry up leaving behind concentrated minerals and salts. By 1905, diversion of water by farmers in the Owens . . . Map (db m72575) HM

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Feb. 29, 2024