“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
167 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed.                                               The final 67 


Historical Markers and War Memorials in Siskiyou County, California

Clickable Map of Siskiyou County, California and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Siskiyou County, CA (167) Del Norte County, CA (21) Humboldt County, CA (157) Modoc County, CA (44) Shasta County, CA (118) Trinity County, CA (59) Jackson County, OR (110) Josephine County, OR (36) Klamath County, OR (94)  SiskiyouCounty(167) Siskiyou County (167)  DelNorteCounty(21) Del Norte County (21)  HumboldtCounty(157) Humboldt County (157)  ModocCounty(44) Modoc County (44)  ShastaCounty(118) Shasta County (118)  TrinityCounty(59) Trinity County (59)  JacksonCountyOregon(110) Jackson County (110)  JosephineCounty(36) Josephine County (36)  KlamathCounty(94) Klamath County (94)
Yreka is the county seat for Siskiyou County
Adjacent to Siskiyou County, California
      Del Norte County (21)  
      Humboldt County (157)  
      Modoc County (44)  
      Shasta County (118)  
      Trinity County (59)  
      Jackson County, Oregon (110)  
      Josephine County, Oregon (36)  
      Klamath County, Oregon (94)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 California, Siskiyou County, Callahan — Church of Saints John & PaulCallahan, Siskiyou Co., California
Erected about 1858 Father James Croke. A missionary priest held first service here. First Catholic Church in Scott ValleyMap (db m57896) HM
2 California, Siskiyou County, Callahan — Farrington Blacksmith Shop
Opened 1867 – Closed 1925 Founded by Stephen Farrington Forging of tools for the miner and general blacksmithing was carried on in this shopMap (db m57895) HM
3 California, Siskiyou County, Callahan — Hayden Hotel
Callahan Ranch Stage Station Oregon Trail 1852 - 1887Map (db m57894) HM
4 California, Siskiyou County, Callahan — Tacitus Ryland Arbuckle(Founder of the town of Arbuckle)
Born March 6, 1835 in Lexington, Missouri, Tacitus, at the age of nineteen, left for California by the southern overland route. The journey took six months to complete. He spent many years mining in Napa and Sonoma Counties, working on a ranch in . . . Map (db m70296) HM
5 California, Siskiyou County, Dorris — Dorris Veterans Memorial
Killed in Action V.F.W. Post 5944 Dorris , California Richard J. Birman • Loren E. Clark • Hudson Moak • Roy N. Taber • Donald F. Taber • James Forthingham • Dalton Yokem • Pete Viscanni • Howard Camp • John S. Branstetter • Clair . . . Map (db m87944) WM
6 California, Siskiyou County, Dorris — Picard California
Located east of the Cascade Mountain Range where the old Topsy Grade Stage Road enters Butte Valley, the town of Picard was settled in the early 1880s. Picard's Post Office opened in 1883 and closed in 1907. La Lake School located one mile to the . . . Map (db m100220) HM
7 California, Siskiyou County, Dorris — A-50, Y-1 — South Road - Forks Of The Yreka Trail / Yreka Trail - The Trail Forks
(front plaque) South Road - Forks Of The Yreka Trail “All in need of provisions were supplied by a government agent at this camp. Near this point the road forks-one leading to Jacksonville, in Oregon, and the other to . . . Map (db m151605) HM
8 California, Siskiyou County, Dorris — A-52 — South Road - Hot Creek
"Road good ... Still crooking round the inlets of lake, make 8 miles and camp at a fine bold spring but not cold." Virgil Pringle, Oct 2, 1846Map (db m151579) HM
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9 California, Siskiyou County, Dorris — Y-2 — Yreka Trail - Willow Springs
"A cold day went 10 miles came to Willow Springs and camp" - Phoebe S. Terwilliger, Oct. 9, 1854Map (db m151578) HM
10 California, Siskiyou County, Dunsmuir — Babe Ruth Played Here
Dunsmuir Centennial Committee Baseball legend 'Babe' Ruth and his New York Yankee team mate Bob Meusel played in an exhibition game with local teams here on October 22, 1924. Dedicated by Grand Parlor, Native Sons of the Golden West June . . . Map (db m40198) HM
11 California, Siskiyou County, Dunsmuir — Dunsmuir World War Memorial
Memorial To Our Soldier Boys Of Siskiyou County Who Served In the World War Erected by Eagle Cliff Lodge 163 K. of P. A.D. 1923 Map (db m89122) WM
12 California, Siskiyou County, Dunsmuir — Locomotive 1727
Locomotive 1727 is a Class M-6 Mogul built by Baldwin Automotive Works in 1901. It served Southern Pacific in California and Oregon until 1956. 1727 is one of only seven Mogul engines surviving today out of 355 originally built. Donated by S.P. . . . Map (db m40383) HM
13 California, Siskiyou County, Dunsmuir — The Alexander Dunsmuir Fountain
In 1886. Alexander Dunsmuir, the son of wealthy coal baron Robert Dunsmuir from Vancouver, British Columbia, visited this area while en route to San Francisco. Alexander was charmed by the rugged beauty of the region and made a proposition to the . . . Map (db m40495) HM
14 California, Siskiyou County, Dunsmuir — Upper Soda Springs
Campsite of Indians and Hudson's Bay trappers. Popular resort on the California-Oregon Trail, 1857-1920 Map (db m89120) HM
15 California, Siskiyou County, Etna — City of Etna
The city of Etna began in 1853 with the construction of a sawmill. In 1855 a flour mill was built and named Rough and Ready Mill. Stores, a hotel and schools were established by 1858. In 1854 a flour mill was erected a mile away and named the . . . Map (db m70270) HM
16 California, Siskiyou County, Etna — Etna Cemetery Veterans Memorial
American Legion Perry Harris Post 260 dedicates this Veterans Memorial to the men and women who have served in the Armed Forces of the United States of America 2006 World War I plaque Presented by the Class of 1917 as a . . . Map (db m113340) WM
17 California, Siskiyou County, Etna — Hallie Daggett: Sophisticated Lady and Hardy Pioneer
Hallie Morse Daggett was a refined woman educated in San Francisco, however, her deep love for her childhood home at the Black Bear Mine near Sawyers Bar drew her back to the mountains. She knew how to hunt, fish, ride, trap and shoot early in life . . . Map (db m57944) HM
Paid Advertisement
18 California, Siskiyou County, Etna — Hallie Morse DaggettDec. 19, 1878 – Oct. 19, 1964 — Forest Service —
First woman U.S. Forest Service Fire Lookout Eddy Gulch Lookout on Klamath Peak Klamath National Forest 1919-1927Map (db m70271) HM
19 California, Siskiyou County, Etna — Hudson Bay Trail
Hudson Bay Trail Originated 1836Map (db m57943) HM
20 California, Siskiyou County, Etna — I.O.O.F. Hall
The Etna Chapter of the Independent Order of Odd Fellow #184 was founded on January 18, 1871. There were 11 charter members. This brick building was designed by Louis Fafa and was built in 1881. The upper floor was used for lodge . . . Map (db m112494) HM
21 California, Siskiyou County, Etna — John Daggett
Arrived in California in 1852 via Isthmus of Panama Lieut. Governor 1883-1887 Supt. San Francisco Mint 1893-1897 Owner Black Bear Mine Production 3,000,000 dollarsMap (db m70272) HM
22 California, Siskiyou County, Etna — Johnson - Joss Memorial Park
Alexander Johnson donated the land for the first High School, City Park and the Catholic Church. Leonard Joss, naturalist, landscaped the first city park, planted diverse flora all around Etna. In honor of their generosity we dedicated . . . Map (db m58567) HM
23 California, Siskiyou County, Etna — McBride Ranch
Ohio House Stage Station Oregon Trail 1852 – 1871Map (db m70295) HM
24 California, Siskiyou County, Etna — Senator Randolph Collier
Birthplace of Senator Randolph Collier July 26, 1902 Calif. State Senator 1938 – 1976Map (db m57942) HM
25 California, Siskiyou County, Etna — Site of the First Church in Scott Valley
Crystal Creek Methodist Church was organized July 1, 1854. Among the dearest memories of the Old Log Church are those of the pioneers of Crystal Creek Sanitary Association organized in 1863, for relief work during the Civil War. The Old Log Church . . . Map (db m70269) HM
26 California, Siskiyou County, Etna — Stephen H. Meek
Earliest known trapper to visit Scott Valley. Employed by the Hudson Bay Company on 1836. He later made Scott Valley his home.Map (db m70273) HM
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27 California, Siskiyou County, Etna — This land of ‘Siskiyou’...
This land of ‘Siskiyou’... ‘Beaver Valley'... “Rough and Ready”... ‘Aetna Mills’... ‘Etna’... many names – but One land of majestic mountains, pristine rivers & lakes. Sparkling streams flow through meadows filled . . . Map (db m57946) HM
28 California, Siskiyou County, Fort Jones — “Fort Jones House”
. . . Map (db m70253) HM
29 California, Siskiyou County, Fort Jones — Deadwood1851- 1861 Reported missing
The town of Deadwood, in its brief existence, was one of the most important business centers in early Siskiyou County. In 1857 there wee three stores, three saloons, two butcher shops, a bakery, a blacksmith shop, two stables, and a dairy. Among the . . . Map (db m110735) HM
30 California, Siskiyou County, Fort Jones — Fort JonesEstablished 1860
The discovery of gold in the early 1850’s brought miners, businessmen and the army to this valley, with the army establishing a post in 1852. Improvements to the old trail were completed in 1854 allowing freight and stagecoaches to travel the . . . Map (db m70258) HM
31 California, Siskiyou County, Fort Jones — 317 — Fort Jones1852-1858
On this ground there was established on Oct. 16, 1852 a military post by Companies A and B First United States Dragoons. From April 23 1853 until June 28 1858, the date of its abandonment, this fort was garrisoned by Company E 4th US Infantry. . . . Map (db m157682) HM
32 California, Siskiyou County, Fort Jones — Fort Jones War Memorial
To the Memory of Those Who Made the Supreme Sacrifice For Our Country in the World Wars World War I Ed Del Ray • Maud Evans • Perry Harris • George V. Mathews • Leonard Schull • William A. Sheffield • Hallet Smith • Joe Silva • Frank J. . . . Map (db m113424) WM
33 California, Siskiyou County, Fort Jones — Gus Meamber Pack Train Trail
Originated in 1851 Hudson Bay Trappers Trail Originated in 1836Map (db m70256) HM
34 California, Siskiyou County, Fort Jones — John F. Williams Memorial Bridge
U S Forest Ranger John F. Williams Memorial Bridge Gave his life to save the life of a drowning girl at this location June 24, 1940Map (db m70257) HM
35 California, Siskiyou County, Fort Jones — Meamber School
The Meamber School District was formed in May, 1870. Land for the schoolhouse and grounds was donated by what was then the Goodale Ranch. For the next 87 years, children of the area were educated in the Meamber schoolhouse from first through . . . Map (db m70255) HM
Paid Advertisement
36 California, Siskiyou County, Fort Jones — Sgt. James Bryan
Co. E 4th Infantry Enlisted 1849 • Discharged 1854 Served under Lieut. U.S. Grant Pioneer packer and rancher Married Mary J. Fragley 1864 They had a family of nine children: James, Charles, Alice, Lillian, Helena, William, Gertrude, . . . Map (db m70268) HM
37 California, Siskiyou County, Fort Jones — Veterans Memorial
Erected by Ft. Jones Boy Scouts May 30, 1913, to our soldiers burried here Map (db m113047) WM
38 California, Siskiyou County, Fort Jones — World Wars Memorial
To the memory of those who made the supreme sacrifice for out county in the World Wars World War I Ed Del Ray • Maud Evans • Perry Harris • George V. Mathews • Leonard Schull • William A. Sheffield • Hallett Smith • Joe Silva • Frank J. . . . Map (db m70267) WM
39 California, Siskiyou County, Grenada — Dwinnell Dam
A dream of Dr. G.W. Dwindle and others was realized when this dam was completed in 1927. The water surface is 1,800 acres, the length of the shoreline is over 15 miles, the maximum depth is 80 feet. 11,000 acres of farm land are irrigated from this . . . Map (db m89115) HM
40 California, Siskiyou County, Grenada — Stage Coach StationStarveout
1857 - 1887 12 mies to Yreka 2 1/2 hours drive Map (db m89116) HM
41 California, Siskiyou County, Grenada — Y-16 — Yreka Trail - Down Shasta Valley
"Drove 16 miles down Shasta Valley, most of the way good roads, no hills to cross now, but in places the road is stony. Today passed one or two houses. The first I have seen for several months" - James S. Cowden, Oct 11, 1853Map (db m151631) HM
42 California, Siskiyou County, Hilt — Hilt War Memorial
In honor of our veterans who sacrificed their lives in World War II Alphonse, L.G. • Baugartnere, W. • Bernheisel, T.L. • Capello, A.F. • Clark, J.J. • Dunaway J.S. • Dutro, W.E. • Harris, Wm • Ladd, J. • Mottern, R. • Russell, F.S. . . . Map (db m88021) WM
43 California, Siskiyou County, Hornbook — Founding of the American Legion
This plaque commemorates the 60th anniversary of the American Legion. The national charter was signed in Hornbook on Sept. 16, 1919 by President Woodrow Wilson while his train stopped enroute from Portland to San Francisco.Map (db m88022) HM
44 California, Siskiyou County, Hornbook — Wilkes Expedition
On September 29 and 30, 1841, a detachment of the Wilkes expedition numbering 33 persons under the command of lt. George Emmons camped near this site. The party was in route from Fort Vancouver, Washington to Yerba Buena, California, and spent two . . . Map (db m89089) HM
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45 California, Siskiyou County, Hornbrook — Bradford Ripley Alden1811-1870
On Aug. 8, 1853 Captain Alden led 10 men of the 4th U.S. Infantry from Fort Jones and 80 volunteers from Yreka over these mountains to the assistance of the Rogue River Valley. This force augmented by 100 volunteers from Oregon defeated the . . . Map (db m70216) HM
46 California, Siskiyou County, Hornbrook — Cottonwood
Stage Coach Station Cottonwood 1854 – 1887 Changed to Henley 1861 Early gold mining townMap (db m70218) HM
47 California, Siskiyou County, Hornbrook — Cottonwood Basin
Originally this area was known as Cottonwood, for the trees that grew along the creek. Gold was discovered here in 1851 by John Thomas, and many rich mines were located nearby, the “Brasswire Mine” and the “Jillson Mine” . . . Map (db m70217) HM
48 California, Siskiyou County, Hornbrook — Hilt, CA
In 1851 John Hilt made his way to California from Illinois, landing in Hangtown. Hearing of rich diggins made his way north to Yreka by 1852. Finding way to the Cottonwood area (Hornbrook) where he worked mining, ranching, farming and saw milling. . . . Map (db m112571) HM
49 California, Siskiyou County, Hornbrook — Klamathon
On this site was located the historic lumber town of Klamathon. Townsite laid out in 1888 by the Klamath River Lumber and Improvement Company with the sawmill completed on July 23, 1892. The town boasted a sawmill, box factory, sash and door . . . Map (db m70458) HM
50 California, Siskiyou County, Macdoel — TennantFounded: 1921 - Elev. 4808.5
Named after John D. Tennant, an official of the Long Bell Lumber Co. Besides the store that is still here, the town had a church, post office, library, hotel, skidsshacks, schools, and a roundhouse at the height of logging operations. Trains were . . . Map (db m99900) HM
51 California, Siskiyou County, Macdoel — Y-4 — Yreka Trail - No Water
"After noon we drove on until night and no water to be seen anywhare; so we pitched camp and stayed all night without water; in the morning we hitched up and pushed on for water" -James Baron, Aug 9, 1855Map (db m151586) HM
52 California, Siskiyou County, Macdoel — Y-5 — Yreka Trail - One Very Steep Stony Hill
"At noon we came to a pine forest. Traveled in it the rest of the day. One very steep stony hill to go up. Road considerably stony at intervals all day." - George McCowen, Aug 28, 1854Map (db m151589) HM
53 California, Siskiyou County, Macdoel — Y-3 — Yreka Trail - Over Rocky Roads
Drove only 12 miles, but over rockey roads. Good feed." - James Cowden, Oct. 7, 1853Map (db m151580) HM
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54 California, Siskiyou County, Macdoel — Y-6 — Yreka Trail - Quite a Stream
. . . Map (db m113120)
55 California, Siskiyou County, Macdoel — Y-6A — Yreka Trail - Quite Stony Today
"Started at 6  went on to pine woods  took dinner  no water or grass  then passed on to Butte Creek & followed it three miles & campt round a little lake  quite stony to day poor country" - Hinsdale Truman Shepard Sep 4, 1852Map (db m151590) HM
56 California, Siskiyou County, McCloud — Bartle’s Camp – 1856
Was a stage stop on first wagon road into Siskiyou County. The road known as Military Pass Road (circling Mt. Shasta to the east & north) was a link between Fort Crook and Fort Jones with the railroad advancing as far as Bartle. The town consisted . . . Map (db m69858) HM
57 California, Siskiyou County, Montague — All Roads Lead to Ager Stage and Freight Stop
Here along the Oregon-California Stage Road of 1856, a new road east to Linkville, now Klamath Falls, was built in 1876. With the arrival of the Central Pacific Railroad in 1887, Jerome B. Ager saw a need for a hotel, general store, saloon and . . . Map (db m151102) HM
58 California, Siskiyou County, Montague — Little Shasta Congregational Church
Dedicated to the memory of the Pioneers of Little Shasta Valley who raised this House to the Glory of God. On March 5, 1876 The Little Shasta Congregational Church was formed. It was in 1877 that the first subscriptions were taken for . . . Map (db m112622) HM
59 California, Siskiyou County, Montague — Montague
On January 17, 1887 L.D. Norton, Assistant Engineer for the Southern Pacific Company, began to layout this townsite named in honor of Samuel S. Montague who was Chief Engineer of the Central Pacific Railroad most noted for his skillful engineering . . . Map (db m69875) HM
60 California, Siskiyou County, Montague — Schmitt Brothers Mill
Site Of Schmitt Bros. Mill 1930 - 1939Map (db m100214) HM
61 California, Siskiyou County, Montague — TailholtLittle Shasta Post Office
A small settlement started here in the 1880’s with two stores. A post office (established in 1888), saloon, blacksmith shop, slaughter-house, meat market, harness shop, race track, ball park and a few houses. Farther east was a grist mill. The post . . . Map (db m69873) HM
62 California, Siskiyou County, Montague — Y-18 — Yreka Trail - Shasta River
"Started & went 15 miles to Shasta River & campt verry cold nights  frost last night  not [feeling] any better" - Hinsdale Truman Shepard, Sep 7, 1852Map (db m151633) HM
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63 California, Siskiyou County, Montague — Y-17 — Yreka Trail - Splendid Roads
. . . Map (db m151600) HM
64 California, Siskiyou County, Montague — Y-15 — Yreka Trail - The Snelling Ranch
"The first day of October we journeyed west fourteen miles to the Snelling Ranch, now called the Hurd Ranch, near Sheep Rock, Shasta Valley." - Andrew Soule, Oct 1, 1854Map (db m151629) HM
65 California, Siskiyou County, Mount Hebron — Yreka Historic Trail(1852 - Present)
. . . Map (db m99899) HM
66 California, Siskiyou County, Mount Shasta — Mt. Shasta Herald
Established Sept. 13, 1887 Map (db m69862) HM
67 California, Siskiyou County, Mount Shasta — 396 — Strawberry Valley Stage Station1857 - 1880
Across the road from this marker stood the Strawberry Valley Stage Station which served the patrons of this line from its completion in 1857 until 1886 when the railroad construction reached the valley. The small building across the road was . . . Map (db m69860) HM
68 California, Siskiyou County, Mount Shasta — Sullaway Stage Stop
Dedicated to William and Mary Parker Sullaway the first family to settle in Strawberry Valley in 1858. Sullaway was founder of the Pioneer State Line from Yreka to Shasta, Shasta County in 1857. Forest Home located on this site was this first . . . Map (db m69859) HM
69 California, Siskiyou County, Mount Shasta City — Berryvale Post Office
Site of Berryvale Post Office. It operated from 1870 to 1887. Postmasters were JH Sisson, GL Lamphere, ET Keyser, Sophia J Fellows. The post office moved to the railroad station in 1887 and became known as Sisson in 1924. It was renamed Mt. Shasta. . . . Map (db m62786) HM
70 California, Siskiyou County, Mt. Shasta — Mount Shasta
Administered by the Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture has been designated a Registered Natural Landmark This site possesses exceptional value as an illustration of the nation's natural heritage and contributes to a . . . Map (db m89118) HM
71 California, Siskiyou County, Sawyers Bar — Eddy Gulch LookoutReflections of the Past Reported missing
In 1913, Hallie Daggett accepted the job at the Eddy Gulch Lookout, entering history books as the Forest Service’s first woman lookout (1913-1927). At a time when men dominated the workplace, this act took special courage, self-confidence, and a . . . Map (db m151909) HM
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72 California, Siskiyou County, Sawyers Bar — Sawyers Bar1850 – 1950
Sawyers Bar is perhaps the most picturesque of the northern mining towns. It was founded in 1850 by Captain John Best and party who were guided to the spot by a friendly Indian. The town was originally called Bestville and had over 3,000 . . . Map (db m70287) HM
73 California, Siskiyou County, Scott Bar — Boulder Piles in Sara Totten Campground
The piles of boulders you see before you were made around 1850. The miners used both windlass and water powered derricks to lift and pile these rocks in their search for placer gold in the underlying sands. Water power for the . . . Map (db m89092) HM
74 California, Siskiyou County, Scott Bar — Scott Bar
This monument overlooking the spot where gold was first discovered in Siskiyou County in the summer of 1850 is dedicated to the memory of John Scott Map (db m89090) HM
75 California, Siskiyou County, Tennant — Y-11 — Yreka Trail - A Big Meadow
"Went 15 miles came to a big meadow [grass lake] & campt we took water with us this morning found no good water here" - Phoebe S. Terwilliger, Oct 11, 1854Map (db m151608) HM
76 California, Siskiyou County, Tennant — Y-9 — Yreka Trail - Are Yet On Butte Creek
"Only drove 6 miles to a good camping place. Are yet on Butte Creek. There is a large amount of timber ... The hills and mountains are nearly all covered with a heavy growth of pine timber" - James S. Cowden, Oct 9, 1853Map (db m151604) HM
77 California, Siskiyou County, Tennant — Y-8 — Yreka Trail - Near a Little Lake
. . . Map (db m151593) HM
78 California, Siskiyou County, Tennant — Y-6B — Yreka Trail - Out of Danger
"We are now out of the diggers and and in the Shasta Valley tribe (country) they are not so hostile" - Sophronia Helen Stone, Sep 20, 1852Map (db m151592) HM
79 California, Siskiyou County, Tennant — Y-7 — Yreka Trail - Up Butte Creek
"The next day we followed up Butte Creek for six miles and pitched our tents. We lost a fine horse here." - Andrew Soule, Sep 29, 1854Map (db m151595) HM
80 California, Siskiyou County, Tennant — Y-10 — Yreka Trail-Splendid Pine Timber/Yreka Trail-To a Swamp
Original Marker (2008): Yreka Trail - Splendid Pine Timber "Passed through splendid pine timber & fur [sic] & spruce ... Passed the dividing ridge of the Shasta Mountains Verry [sic] rough & bad roads this afternoon 18 miles to day . . . Map (db m151902) HM
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81 California, Siskiyou County, Tule Lake — Ambush at Midday - The Thomas-Wright Battle of April 26, 1873Last Victor for the Modocs
Forced to flee the stronghold, the Modoc took cover amid the craggy lava features in this area. A group under Scarface Charley watched from the Schonchin Flow as Army troops marched from Gillems Camp toward their concealed position. Officers . . . Map (db m87906) HM
82 California, Siskiyou County, Tule Lake — Attack at Hospital Rock
It was April 11, 1873, the middle of the Modoc War. Though greatly outnumbered, Modoc warriors had easily defeated the Army in the first battle for the Stronghold in January, and soldiers had waited through the winter while peach talks dragged on. . . . Map (db m87916) HM
83 California, Siskiyou County, Tule Lake — Canby Cross
Over the years, various individuals and group have made efforts to memorialize the death of General E.R.S. Canby, the only general to be killed in an Indian War. This wooden cross is a replica of an original erected by a U.S. soldier in 1882, just . . . Map (db m87909) HM WM
84 California, Siskiyou County, Tule Lake — Civilian Conservation Corps
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt established the Civilian Conservation Corps on March 31, 1933, to provide employment for America's youth and promote the nation's economic recovery. The CCC's work involved conservation projects on forest, park . . . Map (db m547) HM
85 California, Siskiyou County, Tule Lake — Petroglyph Point
For thousands of years, the hill rising in front of you was an island. Ancient Lake Modoc lapped against its base, scouring cliffs. Later, Native Americans canoed to these cliffs to carve symbols in the soft volcanic tuff, and Modocs still tell of . . . Map (db m13736) HM
86 California, Siskiyou County, Tule Lake — Shore of Tule Lake
This was the shoreline of Tule Lake in 1872-73. The Modoc Indians occupying the Stronghold obtained water at this point. Once nearly 100,000 acres, the lake was drained between 1912 and 1958 to make fertile land available for homesteads.Map (db m87914) HM
87 California, Siskiyou County, Tule Lake — The Road to the Stronghold
Thousands of years ago, flowing lava cooled forming a natural fortress. The surrounding area later became the center of the Modoc Indian homeland. A series of events made this lava stronghold a focal point in the war to remove the Modoc from their . . . Map (db m87917) HM
88 California, Siskiyou County, Tulelake — A Volcanic Classroom
Preserved for its caves and volcanic features since 1925, Lava Beds serves as an outdoor school for professional and amateur geologists alike. While the monument covers only ten percent of the surface area of the massive Medicine Lake shield volcano . . . Map (db m63272) HM
89 California, Siskiyou County, Tulelake — A-48 — Applegate Trail - Campt
“Crossed on the natural bridge ... Composed of solid rock ... Went 15 miles had some stony road and came to Clamouth Lake & campt” -Phoebe Hogeboom Terwilliger, Oct 8, 1854Map (db m113111)
90 California, Siskiyou County, Tulelake — A-49 — Applegate Trail - Quite Rocky
“Morn. Fine. Cook still sick no breakfast or dinner for today. Get away in good time road runs over the bluff quite rocky to lake” -John Pratt Welsh, Aug 26, 1853Map (db m113116)
91 California, Siskiyou County, Tulelake — A-47 — Applegate Trail - Up a Steep Hill
“Here road leaves [Klamath] Lake and follows up the side of a steep hill 1/2 mile but is not hard to climb” -William Cochran Stoddard, Sep 16, 1852Map (db m113109)
92 California, Siskiyou County, Tulelake — Attracted to WaterLava Beds National Monument — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
“When I was a child…I played around Tule Lake where the tules and grass grow thick… We used to go out in the tall grass… and look for chub fish… and shoot at (them) with our arrows.” Peter Schonchin, last surviving . . . Map (db m63249) HM
93 California, Siskiyou County, Tulelake — Beds of Lava
Imagine watching hot lava flowing toward you at this spot over twelve thousand years ago. Like treads rolling on a tank, the clinker, cooling front of the flow fell off and was run over by the hot molten core. The Devils Homestead flow, which . . . Map (db m63258) HM
94 California, Siskiyou County, Tulelake — Camp Tulelake
1935-1942 Civilian Conservation Corps This camp was built and staffed by the CCC, an organization that was established during the Great Depression by President Franklin Roosevelt to reduce unemployment and to preserve the nation's . . . Map (db m88000) HM
95 California, Siskiyou County, Tulelake — J.D. HowardFather of the Lava Beds National Monument
He owned no car nor house, yet spent much of his life studying the Lava Beds area, walking along the shore of Tule Lake from the town of Merrill. He discovered many geologic features, naming, describing, and photographing them. He was particularly . . . Map (db m113342) HM
96 California, Siskiyou County, Tulelake — Last Meeting of the Peace CommissionLava Beds National Monument — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
By April 1873, months of peace talks to end the Modoc War had gone nowhere. General E.R.S. Canby found himself caught between President Grant’s Indian Peace Policy and the desire of some settlers to have the Army eliminate the Modoc band. The . . . Map (db m63211) WM
97 California, Siskiyou County, Tulelake — Lava FortressCaptain Jack's Stronghold
“Peaceable if you can, forcibly if you must,” ordered Indian Agent T. B. Odeneal. The U.S. Army garrison’s task was to bring the Modocs and their leader, Captain Jack, back to the reservation. His refusal started the Modoc War in the . . . Map (db m63213) WM
98 California, Siskiyou County, Tulelake — Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge
Has Been Designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the Provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 This Site Possesses Exceptional Value in Commemorating and Illustrating the History of the Unites . . . Map (db m100345) HM
99 California, Siskiyou County, Tulelake — Modoc War CasualtiesGillems Graveyard
It is difficult today to trace the disposition of all those killed in action during the Modoc War. This site was first consecrated January 17, 1873, when two soldiers were buried here. It became an official cemetery in April when thirteen enlisted . . . Map (db m63670) HM
100 California, Siskiyou County, Tulelake — River of Rocks - The Devils Homestead Lava Flow Reported missing
At some time within the last several thousand years, an eruption of magna from the bottom of the earth crust sent a broad stream of hot liquid rock across this land. The flow started to your right, 3.2 kilometers (2 miles) south of here at the site . . . Map (db m63253) HM

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Mar. 3, 2024