“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Citrus County, Florida

Clickable Map of Citrus County, Florida and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Citrus County, FL (57) Hernando County, FL (21) Levy County, FL (15) Marion County, FL (210) Sumter County, FL (60)  CitrusCounty(57) Citrus County (57)  HernandoCounty(21) Hernando County (21)  LevyCounty(15) Levy County (15)  MarionCounty(210) Marion County (210)  SumterCounty(60) Sumter County (60)
Inverness is the county seat for Citrus County
Adjacent to Citrus County, Florida
      Hernando County (21)  
      Levy County (15)  
      Marion County (210)  
      Sumter County (60)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Florida, Citrus County, Crystal River — Bicentennial Park War Memorial
WW I, WW II, Korea, Vietnam, Grenada, Desert Storm heroes.Map (db m3528) WM
2 Florida, Citrus County, Crystal River — Crystal Street Historic Oak Canopy
At one time, and for many years until the 1950's, Crystal Street was the main thoroughfare into Crystal River for travelers coming from Lecanto and Inverness. In 1907, because of its role as the gateway into Crystal River, a group of ladies from the . . . Map (db m121120) HM
3 Florida, Citrus County, Crystal River — Felburn ParkMarjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway
A Man-made Lake Felburn Park was once a mine. Workers mined dolomite rock, which was added to soil on farms. As they dug, miners hit a reservoir of groundwater, and the spring water started to fill the pit. They pumped out the water as it . . . Map (db m167344) HM
4 Florida, Citrus County, Crystal River — Historic Crystal River Train Depot
The first railroad depot in Citrus County was located on this site soon after the completion of the county's first rail line from Dunnellon in 1887. Constructed by the Silver Springs, Ocala and Gulf Railroad, the spur line would be continued to . . . Map (db m121118) HM
5 Florida, Citrus County, Crystal River — Kings Bay Park
Edwin and Mary King moved to Crystal River in 1863. They built a home nearby on the bay which came to bear their name. In 1879, a canal on the north side of the property was dug so that smaller boats could unload supplies from larger ships at the . . . Map (db m237202) HM
6 Florida, Citrus County, Crystal River — Withlacoochee Bay TrailMarjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway
The Price of Progress Picture massive barges, tugboats and trawlers clogging the bay. This was to be the west end of the Cross Florida Barge Canal, where the water enters the Gulf of Mexico. The canal would have impacted Florida's fresh and . . . Map (db m167343) HM
7 Florida, Citrus County, Dunnellon — Dunnellon TrailMarjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway
A Rocky Past Today, the old railroad bed beneath the Dunnellon Trail carries walkers and bicyclists. In the late 1800s, it moved train cars laden with phosphate rock. Prospectors discovered the valuable mineral here in 1889, sparking an . . . Map (db m167502) HM
8 Florida, Citrus County, Floral City — Floral City's Travelers and Their Trails
[north-facing kiosk panel] Introduction Records of colonial explorers reveal a well-developed Native American trail linking the Tampa Bay area to the village of Alachua, 150 miles to the north. A Timucuan village existed along this . . . Map (db m168617) HM
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9 Florida, Citrus County, Floral City — F-875 — Historic Floral City
(Side 1) The area containing present day Floral City has been inhabited by humans for thousands of years. When Hernando De Soto came through the area in 1539, he found the Indian village of Tocaste. From the late 1700s until the Second . . . Map (db m104967) HM
10 Florida, Citrus County, Floral City — Mile Posts
Three-sided concrete posts were placed every mile along the railroad as points of reference for the trainmen. This post tells us that it is 800 miles via rail to Richmond, Virginia, the railroad company’s headquarters. Funding for . . . Map (db m125492) HM
11 Florida, Citrus County, Floral City — The Great Train Wreck of 1956
You are standing on the site of one of the worst train disasters in Florida history. The tragedy occurred October 18, 1956, on a dark and foggy morning in Pineola. At 5:12 a.m., people from five miles around were awakened when two freight trains . . . Map (db m101820) HM
12 Florida, Citrus County, Floral City — The Historic Duval HouseConstructed 1865-66
This house is the oldest surviving residential structure in Citrus County. It was purchased in 2012 by the Duval Preservation Trust, a non-profit institution organized for the purpose of restoration and preservation of this historic gem. Tax . . . Map (db m104980) HM
13 Florida, Citrus County, Floral City — The Historic Duval House
In 1863 John Paul Formy-Duval and his wife Elizabeth Ann Trantham bought land from Allen Munden and began building their home. During the process of construction, the Duvals discovered that they had been building their house a few hundred yards . . . Map (db m119137) HM
14 Florida, Citrus County, Floral City — 13 — What Lies AheadFlorida De Soto Trail — July 24, 1539 —
It’s July 24, 1539… Hernando de Soto’s army has set up camp at a nearby Indian village, Tocaste - I moved ahead with a small scouting party. Just north of the village, we discovered a broad road, which I believe may be the entrance . . . Map (db m126576) HM
15 Florida, Citrus County, Floral City — Whistle Markers
Whistle markers were placed along the track ¼ mile before every road crossing, in both directions. They alerted the engineer to blow his train whistle. The horizontal bars on this concrete whistle marker — two wide, one narrow, one wide — tell the . . . Map (db m156006) HM
16 Florida, Citrus County, Hernando — Church of the Nazarene Hernando/Architectural Description
(side 1) Church of the Nazarene Hernando Hernando, named for Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto, was founded in 1881 by the Croft and Van Ness families. Beside the Tsala Apopka lakes their citrus groves thrived. Development followed . . . Map (db m112147) HM
17 Florida, Citrus County, Hernando — Historic Hernando School
The Hernando Elementary School is a one-story masonry building erected between 1941 and 1942 through county and state cooperation with the Works Progress Administration (WPA). This red brick school is situated on land that was acquired through a . . . Map (db m236678) HM
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18 Florida, Citrus County, Homosassa — David Levy YuleeYulee Sugar Mill Ruins
David Levy Yulee (1810-1886), who built Florida’s first cross-state railroad, was the State’s first U.S. Senator. He came to Florida as an immigrant and rose to become an outstanding businessman and statesman. He served in Florida’s territorial . . . Map (db m237298) HM
19 Florida, Citrus County, Homosassa — Kettles and OperationYulee Sugar Mill Ruins
The juice flowed from the settling vats into the “grande,” the largest of five kettles built into the furnace below. The “grande” was also the coolest, being farthest from the “batterie” kettle under which the furnace was fired. The chimney draft . . . Map (db m237432) HM
20 Florida, Citrus County, Homosassa — Removing the Juice from the CaneYulee Sugar Mill Ruins
The steam powered machinery which removed the juice from the cane was located here. The fresh-cut cane was mashed between large, rotating iron cylinders and the juice was collected in vats. The crushed cane, called “bagasse,” was piled and . . . Map (db m175844) HM
21 Florida, Citrus County, Homosassa — Stage Stand Cemetery
Stage Stand was a stopping place of the mail wagon run by the U.S. Army during the 1800’s. It became a cemetery by chance. The Seminole wars lasted intermittently from 1818 until 1858. During that time American settlers moved in to hunt and . . . Map (db m175841) HM
22 Florida, Citrus County, Homosassa — Steam Engine and GearsYulee Sugar Mill Ruins
The steam powered machinery which removed the juice from the cane was located here. The fresh-cut cane was mashed between large, rotating iron cylinders and the juice was collected in vats. The crushed cane, called “bagasse,” was piled and . . . Map (db m175846) HM
23 Florida, Citrus County, Homosassa Springs — F-696 — Florida Boom Sidewalk
The wide sidewalks of Homosassa Springs are a reminder of the 1920s Florida Land Boom in Citrus County. In 1924, at the height of the boom, the Florida West Coast Development Company bought several thousand acres in what is now Homosassa Springs and . . . Map (db m67594) HM
24 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — 109 Courthouse Square
Reportedly, this land was purchased by W.S. Warnock, founder of the Citrus County Chronicle and George Demuro, Clerk of the Court, in 1908. The building was constructed and operated by City Savings Bank in 1910. Edward Sasser ran a dry goods store . . . Map (db m122701) HM
25 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — A Costly Florida War
More than 1,500 soldiers died and $20 million was spent in the Second Seminole War. It was the most costly of three conflicts between the U.S. and the Seminoles in Florida. Fought from 1835–1842, the war broke out when Seminoles resisted . . . Map (db m101818) HM
26 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Citizens Bank114 W. Main Street
”The Citizen's Bank” built this structure around 1912 and failed in the late 20’s. It was later occupied as: Vann's Drug Store, Bacon's Drug Store, Lanier's Drug Store, Culpepper's Drug Store, Bennett's Drug Store, Marshall's Drug . . . Map (db m125473) HM
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27 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Citrus County Veterans Memorial
In memory of Citrus County Veterans of all wars Dedicated Memorial Day May 30, 1979 By The grateful citizens of Citrus CountyMap (db m77489) WM
28 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — 15 — Close to StarvationFlorida De Soto Trail — July 26, 1539 —
It’s July 26, 1539… An advance guard of Hernando de Soto’s army has moved through a nearby area and crossed the present-day Withlacoochee River - It took us two days to cross the river. The rest of our army soon followed. Weighed . . . Map (db m126578) HM
29 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Coca-Cola Building
The All-American drink was introduced to Citrus County in the early 1900's. W.T. Baxley acted as a sub-bottler to the Tampa Coca Cola Bottling Company, and began bottling it in Hernando in 1906. Empty bottles were washed in Hernando Lake, then . . . Map (db m117170) HM
30 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Dickenson Grocery106 N. Pine Street
This building, built in 1912, as the George Dickenson Grocery Store owned by Frank & George Dickenson, was constructed of red clay brick laid 12” thick and tied together with 1” iron rods to hold the 2nd story in place, with wood . . . Map (db m117169) HM
31 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Female Veterans Monument
Let the Generations know that the Women In Uniform also guaranteed their Freedom. Anne S. (SOSH) Brehm ILT, USANC, World War II
In honor of all the women who served at home and abroad in . . . Map (db m188655) WM
32 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Florida's First PeopleSeminole Heritage Trail
Prior to the Spanish arrival in the 1500s, there were hundreds of thousands of Native Americans living in Florida. Evidence of their diverse culture has been discovered in the mounds, earthworks, middens and other archaeological sites found . . . Map (db m132271) HM
33 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Fort Cooper
Fort Cooper was constructed in April 1836 during the Second Seminole War. General Winfield Scott instructed the First Georgia Battalion of Volunteers under the leadership of Major Mark Anthony Cooper to build two bastions and a blockhouse on the . . . Map (db m93258) HM
34 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Fort CooperFlorida's Seminole Wars
Setting the Scene In the Spring of 1836, President Andrew Jackson ordered General Winfield Scott, commander of the U.S. Army in Florida, to punish and defeat the belligerent Seminoles. Gen. Scott devised a complicated plan in which three . . . Map (db m132055) HM
35 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Greater Mount Carmel Baptist Church
This church was first organized September 29, 1894 by Rev. A.L. Dutch, Deacon Arthur Bell, and the entire membership of Shialo Baptist Church from Stage Pond, Florida. Over the last 116 years, this congregation has been led by 16 different . . . Map (db m72781) HM
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36 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — F-560 — Historic Citrus County Courthouse
Citrus County was formed from Hernando County in 1887 and Mannfield, in the center of the new county, was chosen as the temporary county seat by the state legislature. After a political tug-of-war and several elections, Inverness was chosen as the . . . Map (db m3529) HM
37 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Inverness Masonic Temple
The Masonic Temple for Citrus Lodge #118, F. and A.M., was built on Main Street and dedicated in 1910, ready for occupancy in January, 1911. A splendid three-story brick building costing $17,285, the most costly building in the county. Originally . . . Map (db m122748) HM
38 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — J. K. Kelly House
This two story wood frame Colonial Revival style residence features a beautiful verandah best suited for socializing on warm summer evenings was built in 1903, by James Keels Kelley. According to a 1936 Citrus County Chronicle article, J.K. Kelley . . . Map (db m126053) HM
39 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Korea and Viet Nam War Memorial
Korea Maj Daniel Francis Rooks • Pvt Arthur P. Carlsen • PFC Richard G. Sanders Vietnam Capt. William Hoover Craig Jr. • 1st Lt. Stanley Gerald Hartson • Sgt. Carl Henry Joiner • WO Richard Smith Lowes • PFC Herbert . . . Map (db m77488) WM
40 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Korean War Memorial
In memory of The Korean War Veterans MIA & POWs Donated by KWVA CHP 192 The Forgotten WarMap (db m77487) WM
41 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Life Along the WithlacoocheeSeminole Heritage Trail
Adapting to Life in the Cove Necessities of Life Before the Seminole were forced to move to the Cove, they were farmers and ranchers who lived in sturdy log homes and based their wealth on large herds of cattle and extensive crops. Unlike the . . . Map (db m132276) HM
42 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Lonely Outpost in a Hostile LandSeminole Heritage Trail
The Siege of Fort Cooper
A Hastily Built Defense In March 1836, General Winfield Scott launched a campaign to surround the Seminole in the Cove with an army of approximately 5,000 men. While marching to Fort Brooke in Tampa they stopped . . . Map (db m132281) HM
43 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Military Order of the Purple Heart
All Gave Some – Some Gave All – Some Still GivingMap (db m175816) WM
44 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Old Military Road
This wagon trail led between Fort Brooke and Fort King along the west side of the Cove of the Withlacoochee.Map (db m132280) HM
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45 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Persian Gulf War Memorial
. . . Map (db m77486) WM
46 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — R. O. Hicks House
According to the old family bible, Robert Orval and Emma (Demoss) Hicks, Tennessee farmers, married in 1888 and established a successful steam boat business, carrying fruit and vegetables down the Withlacoochee River just east of Inverness. A freeze . . . Map (db m126038) HM
47 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — 14 — Surprise AttackFlorida De Soto Trail — July 25, 1539 —
It’s July 25, 1539… Captain Moscoso is leading Hernando de Soto’s army north, from the village of Tocaste, to support De Soto’s scouting party… Passing near a large lake, we were met by messengers sent by De Soto. They told us the . . . Map (db m126577) HM
48 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — The Bank of Inverness
The current Bank of Inverness building was erected on Main Street in 1916 and housed the Citrus County Bank which closed in January 1929. By June of 1929 the only remaining bank in Citrus County was the Bank of Homosassa. On November 20, 1929, the . . . Map (db m126084) HM
49 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — The Dampier Building
This building was built by Francis Marion Dampier, Jr. as Dampier Department Store. The family operated the successful department store from 1945 to 1967. It is remembered that "Frank" Dampier spent many hours sitting on a wooden bench under an . . . Map (db m117177) HM
50 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — The Dime Store
This building, best remembered as Allen’s 5, 10 & 25 Store, was built by Jack Kibler in the early 1920’s. Occupants included the Inverness Post Office, Vann’s Drug Store and Ernest Johnston’s Restaurant prior to Allen’s 5, 10 & 25 opening in 1932. . . . Map (db m125464) HM
51 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — The George Carter House
This house was built in 1903 for George Carter, Citrus County's third sheriff. The Carter House was the first house in Inverness to have a bathroom and was one of the first 13 buildings in Inverness to be “wired up” when electricity came . . . Map (db m126060) HM
52 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — The Inverness Woman's Club
This building was reportedly constructed in the early 1900's as a library. It was later occupied by School Superintendent R.L. Turner until the 1912 Courthouse was constructed and his office moved there. In 1917 the Woman's Club of Inverness was . . . Map (db m126081) HM
53 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — The McLeod House
Built around 1915, this house is most remembered for the McLeod family who lived here from 1941 to 1998. Oscar Penn McLeod was born to a pioneer family near Perry, Florida. He was awarded a teaching certificate in 1918 and married Mayo Artie . . . Map (db m117128) HM
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54 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — The Seminole in the Cove of the WithlacoocheeSeminole Heritage Trail
Seminole Migration Story of Survival The Seminole are descendants of the Muscogee group consisting primarily of Creek Indians from Georgia and Alabama. In the early 1700s, various bands of Creeks and other Muskogean peoples began to migrate . . . Map (db m132273) HM
55 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — Valerie Theater207 Courthouse Square
Mrs. Pearl G. Maddox built the theatre in 1926-27 during the silent movie era, naming it the Valerie after her daughter. The first movie shown was “The Only Woman” in 1927; the last was “The Untouchables” in 1987. Herbert . . . Map (db m117178) HM
56 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — War Comes to the CoveSeminole Heritage Trail
The Second Seminole War Begins
A Year of Victory for the Seminole In the early 1830s pressure to remove Florida's Indians grew intense. Seminole leaders signed treaties in 1832 and 1833 that called for the tribe to relocate within three . . . Map (db m132277) HM
57 Florida, Citrus County, Inverness — World War I and World War II Memorial
World War I John T. Allen • Bryan I. Barnes • Leroy Black • Iley Herring • William F. Nettles • Willie Rawls • Fred O. Roux World War II Elwood J. Allen • Wilbur M. Bertine • James P. Blanton • Fronie L. Boyd • . . . Map (db m77490) WM
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Dec. 11, 2023