This is the site of the Historic Old Mayport Cemetery, on Navy, City of Jacksonville and nearby private properties, covered beneath considerable fill material, roadways and private development. The names of some who are interred here are known; . . . — — Map (db m137916) HM
Constructed by the U.S. Army in 1942, Combat Team Camp Atlantic Beach was the headquarters of the Harbor Defenses of Jacksonville during World War II. The camp was tasked with defending Florida’s Atlantic coast from Axis invasion following the . . . — — Map (db m106306) HM
In the late 19th century, Henry Flagler created the Florida East Coast Railway (FEC) and the Florida East Coast Hotel Company, both of significantly boosted development and tourism for Florida. By 1900, Flagler had purchased the local Jacksonville . . . — — Map (db m137857) HM
This marker commemorates the French Huguenot landing near this site on May 1, 1562, and their lives as colonists on the land until 1565. Hoping to escape religious persecution in Western Europe, the Huguenots set sail to this . . . — — Map (db m120345) HM
Ft. George Island presents a cross-section of the Florida story. Timucuan Indians inhabited this island when French explorer Jean Ribault landed nearby in 1562. A Spanish mission was established here before 1600 to serve the Timucuans. Known to the . . . — — Map (db m58377) HM
(Upper left plaque)
National Register Site
Ribault Club Inn
(Lower left Plaque)
Ribault Club Inn
Has Been Placed On The
National . . . — — Map (db m58614) HM
The establishment of missions chiefly for the purpose of Christianizing the Indian population was one of the methods used by Spain in attempting to colonize Florida in the sixteenth century. The Mission of San Juan del Puerto was founded in the . . . — — Map (db m21654) HM
St. George Episcopal Church, designed by Robert S. Schuyler and built in 1882, is a fine example of Carpenter Gothic, one of the most distinctive varieties of church architecture. Such churches were promoted by Florida's second bishop, John Freeman . . . — — Map (db m166854) HM
Arlington Grammar School was built in 1921 to serve the children of white families living in an area of approximately 48 square miles stretching from the St. Johns River on the west eastward to what is today St. Johns Bluff Road and from the St. . . . — — Map (db m138830) HM
Captain Frederick W. Bruce, for whom Bruce Park is named, was born in New Hampshire in 1856. In 1869 young Bruce was sent to live with his uncle Elisha Bruce in St. Augustine, Florida, but that same year, at age 13, ran away to sea, an adventure . . . — — Map (db m93090) HM
Though originally centered around the Theater District of New York City, silent film production companies soon discovered New England winters too harsh for year-round filming. In the winter of 1908 cast and crew of the production company Kalem . . . — — Map (db m93088) HM
While Jacksonville bustled with the activity of motion picture filming during the years 1908 through 1916, by the early 1920s little of the industry remained in town. However, over on Laura Street in the Springfield section of Jacksonville, brothers . . . — — Map (db m93419) HM
On the morning of May 17, 1888, residents in the wooded communities of Old Arlington woke up to the new sounds of a chugging steam engine and the rattle of railroad cars. It was on that day the Jacksonville, Mayport and Pablo Railroad and . . . — — Map (db m173407) HM
The community of Gilmore is a beautiful wooded area facing Mill Cove on the St. Johns River and extending south of Merrill Road. Indian mounds in the area give evidence that during prehistoric times the land was home to Native American Indians . . . — — Map (db m149099) HM
“Magnolia Plantation” and “Dell's Bluff,” plantations assembled from two early 19th century Spanish land grants, formed the core of the combined neighborhoods of Riverside and Avondale. Platted in 1869, Riverside was . . . — — Map (db m148757) HM
In Memory of my
shipmates of the
Torpedo Boat David
Charleston S.C. Oct 5, 1863
Lieut. W.T. Glassell, C.S.N.
Pilot W.J. Cannon, C.S.N.
Fireman Jas.Sullivan, C.S.N.
James . . . — — Map (db m57587) HM
Lynching in America
Thousands of African Americans were victims of lynching and racial violence in the United States between 1877 and 1950. The lynching of African Americans during this era was a form of racial terrorism used to intimidate . . . — — Map (db m211856) HM
The 8,000 acre Strawberry Mills and Plantation, part of a Spanish sawmill grant to Francis Richard, Jr., was purchased by John S. Sammis circa 1840. Sammis, a native of New York, moved to Florida in the 1820s and worked briefly for prominent . . . — — Map (db m139252) HM
United Daughters of the Confederacy
On March 1st, 1864, a running battle known as
"Skirmishes at Cedar and McGirt’s Creeks, Fla"
began near Whitehouse. Still reeling from
their defeat at Olustee, five hundred men . . . — — Map (db m148746) HM WM
The James E. Craig Memorial pavilion is dedicated to the memory of Jacksonville native, James Edwin Craig, the namesake of Jacksonville Executive at Craig Airport. He served his country with honor. After becoming an aviator in 1929, he served on . . . — — Map (db m137888) HM WM
500 Spanish soldiers from St. Augustine marched four days through marsh, forest tangle, fierce wind, and heavy rainfall to an encampment near here. Exhausted and hungry they rested in a downpour; at dawn they attacked and captured France's Fort . . . — — Map (db m46579) HM
Historic references to the plantation house on Fort George Island are tantalizingly brief. The first detailed descriptions of the house and structural changes were recorded in the 20th century. From this vantage point, you can see the changes that . . . — — Map (db m40536) HM
The birthplace of African-American archaeology can be traced to Kingsley Plantation, where archaeologists in 1968 first began to search for artifacts that reflected African identity. Many of the slaves that lived here during Zephaniah Kingsley's era . . . — — Map (db m40852) HM
Artifacts recovered by archaeologists provide clues as to who these enslaved African men, women and children were. This is most easily recognized within the realm of spirituality or religion, which is resistant to change. However, the physical . . . — — Map (db m41193) HM
After the Civil War, slavery ended, but former slaves continued to live on the island. In this new era, former slaves and new landowners had to make difficult choices.
In 1869 the Rollins family settled at the former plantation and called it . . . — — Map (db m145390) HM
The plantation era began in Florida in 1763 after Britain took control from Spain. Soon after, the first planter was given land here and brought his slaves and household.
Britain established a plantation economy and encouraged its growth by . . . — — Map (db m145387) HM
Jean Ribaut and a party of Huguenots landed the morning of May 1, 1562 on this island. Here they knelt in prayer, beseeching God's guidance and commending the natives to his care. This was the first Protestant prayer in North America. — — Map (db m40024) HM
The plantation house symbolizes the owners and their freedom. The cabin ruins stand behind you as a testament to the enslaved and their lives of forced labor.
Explore the plantation grounds and discover the stories of plantation owners and . . . — — Map (db m40007) HM
In the spring of 1814, Zephaniah Kingsley relocated his family to this sea island plantation. Over the next two decades he developed his controversial views on race, society, and slavery.
Kingsley was a successful businessman who had strong . . . — — Map (db m40035) HM
The plantation era was a time in our history of opportunity, political contradictions and great cruelty.
For planters, like Zephaniah Kingsley, it was a time for amassing land and wealth. For enslaved Africans who produced the wealth it was a . . . — — Map (db m40085) HM
Imagine ... instead of the empty historic building and peaceful riverfront of today, a slave owner's family sits watching from the porch of their comfortable home as cargo-laden boats pass by on the river.
Breezes off the water cool the . . . — — Map (db m40043) HM
Imagine...instead of a lush green landscape of today, a long dusty road stretches to the slave cabins and field beyond.
Bent over cotton plants, under the hot sun with dust-filled air, enslaved people toil day in and day out amidst the odor of . . . — — Map (db m40077) HM
The St. Johns River provided trade access that supported the economy of the Fort George Island plantations. Cotton and sugar from the plantations were transported on the river to trading posts. Early Spanish . . . — — Map (db m106389) HM
Cash crops, like sea island cotton, indigo, and sugar cane, made a profit for the owner. Other crops, like potatoes, okra, and yams, fed the families of both owners and slaves.
Sea island cotton was highly prized because of its long, strong, . . . — — Map (db m40143) HM
The House at the North end will be in the course of a month a very comfortable habitation, & in any other country a handsome situation. John McQueen, Jr., 1798
Planter John McQueen built the original portion of the house with the use of . . . — — Map (db m145389) HM
The exploitation of enslaved people differed throughout the Americas. However, the bottom line was profit for the owner, while for the slave it was loss of freedom.
Slaves were possessions. They were viewed as a valuable commodity to be bought . . . — — Map (db m83539) HM
Constructed nearly 200 hundred years ago, these cabins were home to enslaved people. Following emancipation, former slaves lived here and worked the land. Slowly, individuals and families moved away, leaving the buildings to fall into ruin. . . . — — Map (db m40543) HM
Slaves actively resisted bondage by purposefully slowing down their work pace, faking illness, or even mutilating themselves in order to lessen their value as human property.
Resisting the inhumanity of their enslaved condition, slaves . . . — — Map (db m40657) HM
In front of you are the remains of 25 cabins, the homes of 60 to 80 men, women, and children. These people had the strength to survive the misery of slavery.
Before dawn, slaves left for their day's labor, or to use their specialized skills. . . . — — Map (db m40689) HM
The island's landscape has changed dramatically since the plantation era. Gone are the roofs, fruit trees, wells, and garden plots. Trees and grasses now replace fields once tilled by slaves.
To be a slave was to be a human being under . . . — — Map (db m40847) HM
The slave quarters were a place to find identity and strength through family, faith, and shared experiences.
Many American traditions originate from the daily activities and beliefs of enslaved people. Practices that survive today revolve . . . — — Map (db m41248) HM
From the earliest age, children were trained to do their parents' work. They were terrified of the punishment their parents endured. Parents taught their enslaved children strict obedience so they could survive. And yet, like children today, they . . . — — Map (db m41272) HM
Once the Portuguese made successful transatlantic trading voyages, other European nations quickly followed. In the eighteenth century, the port of Nantes became the busiest French port involved in the European slave trade . . . — — Map (db m145391) HM
Slavery has been a component of human history through time. Whether captured, purchased, or taken as spoils of war, enslaved people had wide-ranging experiences, but they all shared one thing in common: loss of freedom. . . . — — Map (db m145392) HM
You are standing at the edge of two worlds. You are leaving the world of the owner and entering the world of the slave.
The cabin ruins before you are a vivid testament to the generations of slaves who lived there. On them depended the . . . — — Map (db m40120) HM
Many crops were grown on the plantation, but sea island cotton produced the highest profit. Growing and processing it required a complex work structure.
The task system was used to manage the many specialized requirements of sea island cotton . . . — — Map (db m40499) HM
Where there is now a tranquil river scene, a dock hustled and bustled with activity during the plantation era. Cotton bales were sent to market, and slaves and finished goods were brought here by boat.
Most plantations were located along . . . — — Map (db m145388) HM
The Cosmo community is located on the road that during the days of plantations led from the town of Fulton to St. Augustine, Florida. The origin of the Cosmo name remains a mystery but the residents of this small, close-knit black community took . . . — — Map (db m172514) HM
Musicians Ronnie, Donnie, and Johnny Van Zant spent their formative years growing up in this house with their sisters and parents between the 1950s and 1980s. A serendipitous foul ball hit by Ronnie Van Zant at a nearby park struck future bandmate . . . — — Map (db m120254) HM
The McCoys Creek Improvement Project was a civic and transportation plan developed by Jacksonville City Engineer Joseph E. Craig in 1928. At the time, the McCoys Creek area was a breeding ground for mosquito-borne illnesses. Developed to reduce . . . — — Map (db m205289) HM
In 1806 Anna Madgigine Jai, a 13 year old girl of royal lineage in Senegal, West Africa, was sold into slavery and brought to the port of Havana, Cuba. There she was purchased by 38-year-old Zephaniah Kingsley, Jr., a wealthy white plantation . . . — — Map (db m138877) HM
From 1847 until sometime before 1860 Jacksonville University campus was the site of the Chesterfield farm of Anna Madgigine Jai Kingsley, former slave and widow of white plantation owner Zephaniah Kingsley. This farm was at the center of the . . . — — Map (db m138876) HM
This barn, constructed in 1876 for Major William Webb, was most likely built from re-used lumber. It was used for storing farming implements and produce to be shipped. The barn was restored in 1999 with the assistance of a grant from the State of . . . — — Map (db m171584) HM
The original use of this structure was most likely as a servant’s quarters, it has also been used by the residents of this farmstead as a wash house, play house and for storage. — — Map (db m171581) HM
Soldier of the Revolution
James Hall was born on October 8, 1760, in Keene, New Hampshire. Records of the Continental Army indicate that James Hall of Keene was mustered into service about August 20, 1776. . . . — — Map (db m171493) HM WM
This frontier-style log building once housed a wine-making operation in Mandarin. Built in 1892 by Francis “Frank” Losco, an immigrant from Verona, Italy it was located at the east end of what is now Losco Road. The Loscos had a . . . — — Map (db m171591) HM
Mandarin depended heavily on the timber business and many sawmills dotted the shorelines in the late 1800s. This old sawmill was found along the banks of Oldfield and Julington Creeks and is believed to be part of the Wheeler Sawmill from the . . . — — Map (db m171582) HM
This is the last remaining one-room schoolhouse in Duval County, built in 1898 on the St. Joseph’s Church property at the corner of Loreto and Old St. Augustine Roads. It was part of the community school begun in 1868 by the Sisters of St. . . . — — Map (db m171614) HM
This house was built circa 1875 for Major William Wirt Webb, a retired United States Army officer who served during the Civil War. The original structure consisted of a central hall, parlor and two bedrooms surrounded on three sides by an open . . . — — Map (db m171580) HM
Built around 1856, the Mandarin Boardwalk extended one mile along the riverfront, linking several piers and farmsteads and later the Episcopal church. Built approximately four feet from the river’s edge, the boardwalk was used by residents until . . . — — Map (db m171593) HM
A luxury passenger liner before the Civil War, the Maple Leaf was pressed into service as a Union transport ship in 1862. The sidewheel steamship was sunk in the St. Johns River by a submerged Confederate mine on April 1, 1864 at . . . — — Map (db m171599) HM
The American Rivers Initiative gives special recognition to outstanding stretches of America’s rivers to further three objectives: natural resource and environmental protection, economic revitalization, and historic and cultural preservation. The . . . — — Map (db m171601) HM
Founded in 1866, Edward Waters College (EWC) is the oldest historically black college in Florida. The history of the college is closely tied to the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church. In 1865, the Reverend Charles H. Pearch, a presiding elder . . . — — Map (db m93073) HM
Durkeeville is the historic African-American community that began in the 1930s. It encompasses Durkee Gardens (an affluent subdivision), and is partly located in Mid-Westside Jacksonville. The community is named for the Durkee family that owned . . . — — Map (db m149105) HM
This site has been the location of baseball and other sports for nearly 100 years.
The location has been know at different times as Barrs Field, the Myrtle Avenue Ball Park, Joseph H. Durkee Memorial Athletic Field, and since 1980, James P. . . . — — Map (db m149085) HM
By the 1930s the African-American community of Sugar Hill continued to expand north and west of West Eighth Street and spilled over into another region, Mid-Westside Jacksonville, defined by the following boundaries, I-95 (east), Martin Luther . . . — — Map (db m149108) HM
Located two miles from downtown Jacksonville, south of Craig Creek in San Marco, Oriental Gardens charmed Jacksonville visitors and residents for nearly two decades. In 1925, George W. Clark began planting overflow from his botanical collection on a . . . — — Map (db m93100) HM
This house was the home in 1884-1885 of the English composer, Frederick Delius. Until 1961 it stood in Solano Grove, Picolata at which time Mrs. Henry L. Richmond deeded the house and site to the University. The Delius Trust in London and other . . . — — Map (db m172441) HM
Ferry service from Jacksonville and Arlington began in 1914 and was Sponsored by the Alderman Company. The service gave access to 1,100 acres of plantation land bought and subdivided by the company in 1913 and provided the impetus for growth and . . . — — Map (db m173403) HM
Floral Bluff Plantation, originally part of a land granted to Italian immigrant Francis Richard by Spanish government in the 1790s, occupied over a half mile of riverfront property. Robert Bigelow, a Connecticut native and graduate of Yale . . . — — Map (db m139242) HM
The Arlington Crossroads was formed from 1800s wagon roads that connected thriving riverfront Spanish plantations and landings along the St. Johns River with the Richard Mill dam over Strawberry Creek. These roads were tied together and platted . . . — — Map (db m143895) HM
Manhattan Beach was Florida’s first African American beach resort. In 1900, Henry Flagler reserved Manhattan Beach for black employees of his Florida East Coast Railway and Florida East Coast Hotel companies. African Americans, who comprised a . . . — — Map (db m173936) HM
Pioneer Abraham Lincoln Lewis (1865-1947) and others founded Florida’s oldest African-American insurance company, Afro-American Life in 1901, which spread throughout the South as far as Texas. In 1926, A.L. Lewis opened Lincoln Golf and Country Club . . . — — Map (db m58382) HM
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that . . . — — Map (db m143358) WM
In May 1777, 400 soldiers from the Continental Army and 165 members of the Georgia militia organized in Sunbury, Georgia, just north of the Florida border for an expedition into British East Florida in retaliation for raids conducted by British . . . — — Map (db m93071) HM
Jacksonville National Cemetery
Dedicated to the memory of
All the Patriotic Men and Women
Who Answered Their Country’s Call to Service
George W. Bush
President of the United States
James B. Peake . . . — — Map (db m143138) WM
Sawpit Bluff Plantation, located on Black Hammock Island, was built in the 1750s by Edmund Gray. The plantation was named for the sawpit excavated to accommodate the up and down motion of a vertical saw blade. The plantation house . . . — — Map (db m92973) HM
AMVETS Of Nassau County Post 2007
AMVETS National Service Foundation
AMVETS Department Of Florida Service Foundation
Dedicated This Carillon As A Living Memorial
To America’s Veterans Who Served Their Country
Honorably For . . . — — Map (db m143142) WM
In 1562, when France was being torn by religious strife, Gaspard de Coligny, Admiral of France, sent two vessels to the New World in search of a refuge for the oppressed Huguenots. Leading the expedition was the Huguenot explorer, Jean Ribaut, who . . . — — Map (db m33486) HM
A Confederate earthworks designed and located by General Robert E. Lee as one of a series of forts for the defense of the Saint Johns River. This fort was occupied by both Confederate and Union forces during the course of the war and is today in its . . . — — Map (db m33458) HM
A Centennial Community
Murray Hill Preservation Association
Established in 1906, Murray Hill was developed after the Great Fire of 1901 devastated the downtown . . . — — Map (db m148762) HM
On March 23, 1969, an interracial group of Southern musicians held a jam session in the front room of this house, known as the "Gray House." The jam went so well that veteran Muscle Shoals session guitarist Duane Allman barred the doorway and . . . — — Map (db m131320) HM
Built in 1870 for Edward M. Cheney, editor and publisher of the Florida Times Union, it occupied a site near present-day Cummer Gallery of Art. Lumberman Wellington W. Cummer built a large house adjacent to the Cheney property in 1898, at which time . . . — — Map (db m209650) HM
With the opening of the St. John's River Bridge in 1921, South Jacksonville became attractive to developers during the Florida land boom. In 1925, Jacksonville real estate developer Telfair Stockton began work on San Marco, an 80-acre . . . — — Map (db m93303) HM
Jacksonville’s Great Fire of May 3, 1901, destroyed a large a large part of the city and left nearly 10,000 people homeless. Numerous residents of the city relocated to other areas, including to the then-remote area of South Jacksonville, across the . . . — — Map (db m138016) HM
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