Boys Estate, Georgia's town just for boys, is located one-half mile west of here, on a part of historic Elizafield Plantation. Elizafield, first the home of Dr. Robert Grant, later of his son, Hugh Fraser Grant, was one of the rich River . . . — — Map (db m12081) HM
Hopeton Plantation, of which Altama is a part, lies about 1.4 miles West of here. A model rice and sugar Plantation of the early 19th century, described in books by several travelers from Europe, Hopeton is best remembered as the home of James . . . — — Map (db m12128) HM
Service to the Community
Bernice Echols Grant came to Brunswick as Glynn County’s Extension Agent in 1927. She was instrumental in reorganizing the county’s garden club program, and provided design guidance for the landscape of the Historic . . . — — Map (db m155743) HM
In 1838 a small Methodist Brunswick congregation was assigned to a preaching circuit by the Florida Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church. They worshiped in various locations including the 1840 Glynn Academy School House before building . . . — — Map (db m193486) HM
During World War II, the J.A. Jones Construction Company operated a plant approx. 1 mile south of this point on Brunswick's waterfront. Between 1942 and 1944, a skilled labor force of over 16,000 men and women worked in service to the Allied war . . . — — Map (db m212672) HM
Came to Georgia in 1738 as an officer in the English forces located on St. Simons Island: Established a plantation known as "Carr’s Fields" and maintained a military outpost on the site of the City of Brunswick; assisted in repelling the Spanish . . . — — Map (db m155230) HM
Brunswick's first public school for African Americans opened in 1870 as the Freedmen's School, later changed to Risley School to honor Captain Douglas Gilbert Risley, who raised funds for the school's construction. In 1923 the adjacent building, . . . — — Map (db m24680) HM
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries the Commissary was the hub of the plantation community. In pre Civil War days the Commissary was a place where the plantation owner distributed food and clothing to his slaves. . . . — — Map (db m191407) HM
“You triumphed over obstacles which would have overcome men less brave and determined”
Hiker of ’98 (On base of soldier)
Dedicated to the Veterans of 1898 -1902
By the Department of Georgia and . . . — — Map (db m62953) WM
Begun in year 1800 as New Hope Methodist Church on Laurel Grove Plantation 2 miles S. present site. 1833 original building moved to this site and name
changed to Emanuel. Hand hewn pillars and wooden pegs are visible. 1799 George Clark, sent by . . . — — Map (db m14443) HM
Three hundred and fifty-seven enslaved Africans—men, women, and children—spent much or all of their lives in forced labor on this land that once belonged to James McGilvery Troup. Upon his death in 1849, these enslaved . . . — — Map (db m212673) HM
The F-104 was developed by Lockheed Corp. as a supersonic air superiority fighter in the late 1950’s and was used both as a day night interceptor and tactical fighter through the 70’s. It had a speed of 1400 MPH and carried sidewinder missiles and . . . — — Map (db m193481) HM
In memory of those Vietnam Veterans who served their country and those who gave their lives Raymond Kermit Honaker, Jr. ’67 • Russell Lamar Smith ’66 • David Watson Brantley ’64 • James F. Cameron ’69 • William Clayton McDowell ’55 • Robert Ira . . . — — Map (db m193532) WM
Glynn County, one of the eight original Counties of Georgia, was organized under the 1777 Constitution of the State of Georgia. It was named in honor of John Glynn, a member of the British House of Commons who defended the cause of the American . . . — — Map (db m12226) HM
World War I
1917 - 1918
Carl E.W. Arnold Jr. • Columbus E. Barrow • Robert Lee Barrow • William Defoe Coney • Lewis D. Harrison • Malcolm G. Houston • Onica Johnson • Joseph Dubignon Levy • James A. McRea • Eugene Radcliffe • Henry Thomas . . . — — Map (db m231930) WM
Dedicated and consecrated
November 4, 2020
In honor of our fellow veterans, who in defense of freedom, gave their lives so that others may live. May our freedom be their legacy and may their sacrifice never be forgotten. May their souls . . . — — Map (db m231934) WM
The men of Glynn County
who served their country and
to those named who gave their
lives for the preservation
of liberty and freedom
1917 The World War 1918
Arnold, Carle . . . — — Map (db m13130) WM
Hanover Square, also referred to as Hanover Park, is one of the two major squares in Brunswick that retained their original size and shape. It was named to honor Britain’s ruling House of Hanover during the reign of King George II, when the Colony . . . — — Map (db m193608) HM
Hanover Square, also referred to as Hanover Park, is one of the two major squares in Brunswick that retained their original size and shape. It was named to honor Britain’s ruling House of Hanover during the reign of King George II, when the Colony . . . — — Map (db m193659) HM
An Ornament for the City Despite its Colonial pedigree, Brunswick appears as a classic Victorian town. Many landmarks were built in the late 19th century, a period of emerging prosperity and civic pride. In 1884, the local newspaper praised the . . . — — Map (db m193672) HM
Hanover Square, also referred to as Hanover Park, is one of the two major squares in Brunswick that retained their original size and shape. It was named to honor Britain’s ruling House of Hanover during the reign of King George II, when the Colony . . . — — Map (db m193685) HM
Confederate States of America. 1861 to 1865. Lord God of hosts be with us yet, Lest we forget — lest we forget. ————— Gather the sacred dust of warriors tried and true, who bore the flag of our Nation’s trust; and fell in the cause, . . . — — Map (db m193706) WM
Hofwyl Dairy was established by Gratz Dent around 1915 and operated by his sister’s Miriam and Ophelia until 1942. During the dairy’s most prosperous period approximately 35 Jersey and Gurnsey cows produced 100-150 bottles of milk daily. This was . . . — — Map (db m191397) HM
Ophelia Troup married George C. Dent in 1847 at the “old Broadfield House.” Until 1856, the couple lived at Dent’s mother’s plantation, Cedar Hill, outside Darien, where he managed the properties. At that time the couple moved to Broadfield and . . . — — Map (db m191395) HM
Welcome to Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation State Historic Site. This property, then known as the “Broadface Tract”, was purchased in 1806 by William Brailsford. Brailsford changed the name to Broadfield and grew rice in the marshlands. . . . — — Map (db m191396) HM
Welcome to the “Rice Kingdom"
For 200 years it was rice, not cotton that dominated the economy of “low country Georgia and South Carolina. The wealth that flowed from the soil here created a coastal aristocracy and unique African-American . . . — — Map (db m212674) HM
The duplex design of the pre-Civil War structure was typical of slave quarters in plantation days. Identical quarters were duplicated on either side of a common chimney that had a fireplace on both sides for each family. Plainly furnished with . . . — — Map (db m191400) HM
If trees could speak what sort of stories would they tell? Many of Hofwyl's trees have stood for centuries, silent witnesses to the panorama of American history. Along the Ricefield Nature Trail, a state champion Sweetbay Magnolia (Magnolia . . . — — Map (db m191398) HM
In memory of James Edward Oglethorpe Founder of the province now the state of Georgia Soldier philanthropist and lover of his fellowmen most ardently those of poor estate
Born 1696 • Died 1785
Erected by the efforts of Capt. . . . — — Map (db m155234) HM
Jekyll Square, originally called “Jekyll Place,” was named after Sir Joseph Jekyll (1663-1738), a member of British parliament. He was a friend of General Oglethorpe – founder of Georgia – and a financial supporter of the . . . — — Map (db m155627) HM
Jekyll Square, originally called “Jekyll Place,” was named after Sir Joseph Jekyll (1663-1738), a member of British parliament. He was a friend of General Oglethorpe—founder of Georgia—and a financial supporter of the . . . — — Map (db m155620) HM
'neath this gracious tree
stood Sidney Lanier and
under inspiration of the
oak and the marsh wrote
The Marshes Of Glynn
" I will heartily lay me a-hold on the greatness of God :
Oh, like to the greatness of God is the greatness . . . — — Map (db m12554) HM
During his visits to Brunswick in the 1870`s Sidney Lanier, Georgia's greatest poet, frequently sat beneath this live oak tree and looked out over "a world of marsh that borders a world of sea." Here he received the inspiration which resulted in . . . — — Map (db m12300) HM
Machen Square originally called “Machen Place,” is the northernmost of the original colonial squares along Newcastle Street. For the century of the city’s existence, there was little development on either side of Machen Square. In the . . . — — Map (db m155733) HM
The Journey Back to Machen Square
In January, 1958, the First National Bank of Brunswick sold its landmark building (left) on Machen Square West to the S.H. Kress Company, and the 64-year-old structure was demolished. The owner of the . . . — — Map (db m212675) HM
Machen Square originally called “Machen Place,” is the northernmost of the original colonial squares along Newcastle Street. For the century of the city’s existence, there was little development on either side of Machen Square. In the . . . — — Map (db m155648) HM
Brunswick's first settler came to Georgia in 1738 with Oglethorpe's regiment. He was granted 500 acres at this place, on which he established his plantation.
Several tabby buildings erected by him stood nearby and a military outpost was . . . — — Map (db m12429) HM
Queen Square was named by Colonial era founders of the city to honor the ruling queens of England. The southeastern quadrant of Queen Square was home to the Brunswick Fire Department from 1876 to 1932.
Brunswick’s . . . — — Map (db m155558) HM
British humanitarian, leader and military commander, James Edward Oglethorpe (1696-1785), is credited as the founder of Georgia. His plan for the city of Savannah, later adapted for the design of Brunswick, included ample public green space. His . . . — — Map (db m212676) HM
Queen Square was named by colonial era founders of the city to honor the ruling queens of England. It was the most commercialized of the 14 original city squares.
Setting a Precedent
In the late 1870s, Brunswick’s fortunes improved and . . . — — Map (db m212678) HM
Queen Square was named by colonial era founders of the city to honor the ruling queens of England. It was the most commercialized of the 14 original city squares.
Parks vs Prosperity
By the 1870s, the railroads, booming forest . . . — — Map (db m212679) HM
Was a guest in this home on many occasions in the 1870's. It was then the residence of his wife's brother, Henry C. Day. On these visits Lanier became acquainted with "The Marshes of Glynn" which he immortalized. — — Map (db m12390) HM
Many a living thing has found sustenance in the Altamaha River’s estuarine environment, a setting whose life force is dependent upon the complex ebb and flow of the ocean’s tidal forces and the turbulent exchange with . . . — — Map (db m212680) HM
Upper right corner is the Prisoner of War and Missing in Action (POW/MIA) emblem
• The 77,000 Georgians who served in World War I;
the 1,937 KIA; 3,319 WIA; 67 Ex-POWs and 54 MIA
• The 324,373 Georgians who served in World War II; . . . — — Map (db m72025) WM
The smokehouse was a standard structure on plantations and homesteads before refrigeration. Butchering took place in the winter months, and fresh meat cuts were preserved in a two-step process.
(1) Fresh cuts were . . . — — Map (db m191402) HM
This one room school house provided elementary education, grades Kindergarten through Eighth, to the Brookman Community from the year 1907 to 1955.
This structure is an example of early African-American Vernacular. In the early years of the . . . — — Map (db m107074) HM
Dedicated to the gallant sailors of the U.S.
Merchant Marine and the U.S. Navy Armed Guard,
who sailed, fought and died on those famous
Liberty Ships and other merchant ships of the
U.S. Maritime Service. This community is forever
grateful . . . — — Map (db m11775) HM
Wright Square, one of the two largest of the original 14 squares of Brunswick, was named after Georgia’s last Colonial Governor, Sir James Wright (1716-1785). Well-respected and fair, Wright held his office from October 13, 1760 until the end of . . . — — Map (db m212684) HM
In the early morning hours of November 28, 1858, the Wanderer arrived off the coast of Georgia. The vessel had just arrived from forty-two days at sea. The ship had come from Africa, en-route from a more sinister voyage. Far from its earlier . . . — — Map (db m168398) HM
Imagine going back to an African home much like Jekyll Island where the brush is low and the trees twist and turn into each other. Coming ashore in 1858, a young boy named Cilucangy remembered the conditions in which he was forced to leave his . . . — — Map (db m168400) HM
1808 — The importation of Africans to the United States for use as slaves is banned by Congress. 1820 — Congress works to end the illegal importation of Africans by making the crime punishable by death. The British Navy begins patrols of . . . — — Map (db m168396) HM
December 1859 — Wanderer crewman J. Egbert Farnum is arrested in New York and sent to trial. He is acquitted on June 4, 1860. December 24, 1860 — The badly damaged Wanderer arrives in Boston after the crew mutinied . . . — — Map (db m168397) HM
1 African was owned by a free black barber in Augusta, GA. 1 African, known as the "Wild African Boy" was arrested from John duBignon's land and taken to a slave hostel in Savannah owned by George Wylly where he attracted many onlookers for . . . — — Map (db m168401) HM
Honoring the Survivors of the Slave Ship Wanderer
The Wanderer survivors were among the last known groups of enslaved Africans smuggled into America. Their footsteps still echo along the Georgia coast and throughout America . . . — — Map (db m149405) HM
I worked from early morning to late night, with no rest. I did what I had to do to survive. African captives with the knowledge, skills, and strength to work on a plantation were sold at a high price. Most Wanderer survivors were . . . — — Map (db m168801) HM
We were trapped with no room to move. Everyone on the ship was sick and hungry and horribly sad. Owners of slave ships did their best to hold as many enslaved people as possible to make travel more profitable. Those forced onboard were . . . — — Map (db m168799) HM
Under the original
landscape plan, 50 plots of land were laid out around the Clubhouse in a very community-oriented fashion. However, not all of the members chose to build their own cottages on these plots.
Over the years a thriving . . . — — Map (db m234944) HM
With only drive and ambition, Frank Henry Goodyear rose from a $35-per-month bookkeeper to the head of a vast lumber, coal, iron, and railroad empire.
Far from viewing Jekyll Island as a place to escape the stresses of business, Goodyear took . . . — — Map (db m115120) HM
They came by water.
Long before the present-day causeway was built, the only way to reach Jekyll Island was by boat. Large steam-powered vessels from the North such as the Mallory Steamship Line delivered Club staff and sundry personal items . . . — — Map (db m115064) HM
Horses, carriages, livery, and tack were all integral to the leisurely horseback rides and peaceful carriage drives enjoyed by Jekyll Island Club members. Many members brought their own supply of horses and carriages along with the coachmen and . . . — — Map (db m227643) HM
From the late-1800s until the mid-1960s, Jim Crow laws enforced racial segregation in the South. These laws prevented African Americans from enjoying equal access to the same public spaces as white people, including restaurants, buses, schools, . . . — — Map (db m115140) HM
It required an array of workers and a dedicated attention to detail to provide the superior service and Life of Luxury expected by the members of the Jekyll Island Club. The Club bookkeeper served an essential role in fulfilling those expectations . . . — — Map (db m227733) HM
Gateway and supplier to Jekyll Island was the busy port of Brunswick.
Located at the mouth of the East River and accessible to even the largest ocean-going vessels, its docks and warehouses were laden with cargo.
Railways eager to distribute . . . — — Map (db m115057) HM
Loyalty & Untiring Devotion
James Clark was Captain of boats for the Jekyll Island Club. Over his 40 year tenure he saw many changes that shaped his life. People relied upon him and his launch to transport them and their supplies to and . . . — — Map (db m155955) HM
There were two Captain Wyllys in the history of Jekyll. It is believed the road was named for Charles Spalding Wylly (1836- 1923), Captain in the Confederate Army, 1st Georgia Regulars, a descendant of Clement Martin, who was granted on April 5, . . . — — Map (db m17228) HM
Constructed in 1904, this Italian Renaissance style cottage, which contained 20 rooms and 6 baths, was designed and built for Dr. George Frederick Shrady and his wife, Hester. In 1925 Hester Shrady sold the cottage to Walter B. James, then president . . . — — Map (db m164471) HM
The corridor of Pier Road was not only the hub of service for the Jekyll Island Club, it was also the heart of the community for countless employees.
Yes, here you would find a taxidermy shop, upholstery shop, coal storage, woodsheds and . . . — — Map (db m115093) HM
In 1861, Confederate battery positions on Jekyll Island were equipped with one 42-pounder gun and four 32-pounder navy guns en barbette, each having about 60 rounds of shot and shell. Casemates, hot shot furnace and magazines are recorded, also. Of . . . — — Map (db m17187) HM
Joseph Pulitzer was one of the first 53 charter members of the Jekyll Island Club. He purchased his shares from Newton Finney, the Club’s mastermind.
Among the members of the Club, Pulitzer was an anomaly. He was a Democrat, whereas . . . — — Map (db m155911) HM
At the heart of any luxury resort or vacation retreat is sumptuous lodging. When the Jekyll Island Club incorporated in 1885, they knew that the success of the Club depended on a splendid but simple elegant Clubhouse. The Dubignon farmhouse . . . — — Map (db m17262) HM
The brick outline that you see in front of you marks the former Location of Fairbank Cottage.
When Chicago manufacturer Nathaniel Kellogg Fairbank purchased the lot in 1889, he was excited about the possibilities of his new cottage. Fairbank . . . — — Map (db m115121) HM
First Transcontinental Telephone call was submitted by a telephone of this type January 25, 1915. Mr. Theodore N. Vail, President American Telephone and Telegraph Company talked from Jekyll Island, Georgia to Mr. Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of . . . — — Map (db m18494) HM
nyam Geechee for eatMany of the foods we enjoy today were first cultivated in the United States by enslaved people. Their recipes have become a part of our collective foodways. Turn the 'prisms' and match the colors. . . . — — Map (db m168804) HM
We still share the stories of our ancestors. We will never forget them or what they sacrificed. How can we pass on the traditions and memories that are most important to us? What legacy will you share? The Wanderer survivors . . . — — Map (db m168959) HM
The game of golf was originally mentioned among a variety of outdoor recreations when the Jekyll Island Club was formed in 1866. The first rounds were finally played on Jekyll Island in 1899. It was only the beginning of a long tradition of the . . . — — Map (db m119533) HM
In 1897, the game of golf was listed among a variety of outdoor recreations and improvements planned to entertain "the younger set" at the Jekyll Island Club. The game continued to gain popularity on the island throughout the 1910s. Because . . . — — Map (db m227721) HM
With a wife and nine children, Charles Stewart Maurice quickly decided accommodations at the Clubhouse would not suffice. In 1890, he built Hollybourne as a home away from home for their winter stays here on the island. Maurice was a bridge . . . — — Map (db m227671) HM
William Horton, " Undersheriff of Herefordshire,"
England came to Georgia in 1736. He built this
building for his plantation residence and it was
his home until his death in 1749. Major Horton
succeeded Oglethorpe as Commander of the
Regiment . . . — — Map (db m18431) HM
Jekyll Island’s plentiful resources provided what was needed to feed and support those who lived here. When Major William Horton first arrived on Jekyll Island in 1736 to inspect his land grant, he “found the land exceedingly rich.” . . . — — Map (db m156861) HM
William Horton worked and lived on this island until his death in 1748. He made numerous improvements to the land, unfortunately many of these buildings have been lost to time, and hidden by the sandy soil.
Horton completed the tabby . . . — — Map (db m17263) HM
By the end of the 18th century, William
Horton's small farm had become a large and
prosperous plantation. After Horton's death, the
island had several owners prior to the arrival
of Christophe Anne Poulain du Bignon in 1791.
Christophe . . . — — Map (db m17338) HM
William Horton decided to travel to Georgia with General James Oglethorpe in 1735. Unlike many passengers on the ship, Symond, he paid for his passage to America from England. Horton was granted 500 acres in return for paying for his . . . — — Map (db m17342) HM
Jekyll Island was vey isolated from St.
Simons and Brunswick in the 18th & 19th
centuries. Due to this isolation the du Bignon
family was mostly self-sufficient, as were
previous owners of the island such as William
Horton. What is now . . . — — Map (db m17445) HM
The plantation that Christophe Du Bignon
established at the beginning of the nineteeth
century had its good and bad years.
When Christophe's youngest son, Henri,
married Ann Amelia Nicolau in 1808, they were
given 40 acres of planted . . . — — Map (db m18617) HM
The history of the island is tied very closely to the land. From the very beginning of William Horton’s occupation on the island the land was cultivated – first by indentured servants, then later under Christophe du Bignon’s ownership, . . . — — Map (db m156843) HM
In the 1500s Europeans began to document and explore the area around Jekyll Island. Though the French were the first to claim the area from Jacksonville, FL to Port Royal, SC, it was the Spanish who began making an enduring imprint on this . . . — — Map (db m156925) HM
There is very little photo documentation of
exactly what the Boathouse looked like during
the Club era. Club members rarely would have
been found in this area, It was typically used
by year-round employees.
The only visible evidence of . . . — — Map (db m115065) HM
From the beginning of the Jekyll Island Club, members realized they would need stables on the island for the use of its members and staff. In 1887, landscape architect H.W.S. Cleveland suggested plans for a stable to be located behind the . . . — — Map (db m227653) HM
Here anchored the most luxurious pleasure craft in the world during the existence of the Jekyll Island Club, 1886-1942. No other yacht was comparable to John Pierpont Morgan's several Corsairs. Corsair II, too large to dock, anchored in the . . . — — Map (db m17405) HM
Horton - Du Bignon House
Du Bignon Burial Ground
Beginning with Poulain du Bignon, five du Bignon generations made Jekyll Island one of Georgia's most romantic Golden Isles. This tabby ruin and burial ground alone remain from Jekyll Island's . . . — — Map (db m18497) HM
Melvin E. Thompson, Acting Governor, 1947-1949, was born in Millen, Jenkins County, Georgia, in 1903. After a career as educator and public servant, Thompson was elected Lieutenant Governor for the term beginning January, 1947. Following the death . . . — — Map (db m17207) HM
Born in England Came to Georgia in 1736 Died at Savannah in 1748
These are the remains of Horton's tabby house. Major Horton of Oglethorpe's Regiment, the first English resident of Jekyll Island, erected on the north end of Jekyll a . . . — — Map (db m17577) HM
We walked for days along the river. I had no idea what would happen to me. I was scared. The enslaved people were taken to be sold to the European and American slave traders who stayed on the coast. This often meant a long march bound . . . — — Map (db m168798) HM
McEvers Bayard Brown Oak
Centenarian Tree recognized by the Live Oak Society of the Louisiana Garden Club Federation, Inc.
This tree consists of a cluster of five trunks growing from the stump of a single live oak harvested between . . . — — Map (db m155960) HM
The old folks told me stories of our life in Africa. I had forgotten, but they hadn’t. A famous Gullah Geechee proverb says: If oonuh ent kno weh oonuh dah gwine, oonuh should kno weh oonuh come f’um. Translation: If you don't . . . — — Map (db m168803) HM
What to do when you require privacy from the overflowing crowds of guests at the Clubhouse, but want to take advantage of its world-class French chef, new billiards wing, and the cheerful fireplace of the main parlor ? The answer for Henry B. . . . — — Map (db m75571) HM
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