“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Whitfield County, Georgia

Clickable Map of Whitfield County, Georgia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Whitfield County, GA (85) Catoosa County, GA (813) Gordon County, GA (75) Murray County, GA (24) Walker County, GA (371) Bradley County, TN (49) Hamilton County, TN (605)  WhitfieldCounty(85) Whitfield County (85)  CatoosaCounty(813) Catoosa County (813)  GordonCounty(75) Gordon County (75)  MurrayCounty(24) Murray County (24)  WalkerCounty(371) Walker County (371)  BradleyCountyTennessee(49) Bradley County (49)  HamiltonCounty(605) Hamilton County (605)
Dalton is the county seat for Whitfield County
Adjacent to Whitfield County, Georgia
      Catoosa County (813)  
      Gordon County (75)  
      Murray County (24)  
      Walker County (371)  
      Bradley County, Tennessee (49)  
      Hamilton County, Tennessee (605)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Georgia, Whitfield County, Cohutta — 155-34A — Historic Red Clay Reported missing
Red Clay, one mile W, was once an important Council Ground for the Cherokee Indians who called it “Red Earth Place.” During the War Between the States, on May 2, 1864, the 2nd Brigade, First Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Cumberland, U. . . . Map (db m50867) HM
2 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 600 Block of McCamy Street
The 600 block of McCamy Street, now South Hamilton Street, was the center of Black business from the 1900's to the 1950's and is therefore dedicated to those Black pioneers this 19th day of October, 1987. Aldermen Waymon B. Souther • W. . . . Map (db m199888) HM
3 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-3 — African-American Soldiers in Combat
Near Dalton on August 15, 1864, during the Civil War, the 14th United States Colored Troops (USCT), whose enlisted men were mostly former slaves, helped drive off a Confederate cavalry attack on the Western and Atlantic Railroad, U.S. General . . . Map (db m44625) HM
4 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-12 — Ascent to Dug Gap
1.5 Mi. W. this road ascends to and crosses the summit of Rocky Face ridge -- a direct route between Dalton and LaFayette. May 7, 1864. Grigsby's brigade (Wheeler's Cav.), after retreating from Tunnel Hill to Mill Creek Cap, camped on this road . . . Map (db m10788) HM
5 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 12 — Battle of Dug GapMany of them gained the crest, but were met by a tremendous fire..." — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
In early May 1864 the main advance of Union Major General William T. Sherman's armies near Dalton was made toward Snake Creek Gap to the southwest. To draw attention away from this effort other Federal troops attempted to cross Rocky Face . . . Map (db m142900) HM
6 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-1 — Battle of Resaca
May 14, 1864: The 20th Corps (USA) was shifted from Camp Creek Valley, 0.5 mi. W. & aligned across rd.~ the 2d & 3d Divs. in reserve; the 1st Div. prolonging Stanley’s Div. (4th A.C.) (USA) to the State R.R., east. May 15: Butterfield’s (3d) & . . . Map (db m10942) HM
7 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-4 — Battle of Resaca
May 15, 1864. The 23d A.C. (US) was shifted from Camp Cr., 1.5 mi. W., to this vicinity where it extended the left of Sherman’s line (US) to the Conasauga River. Hovey’s (1st) div. supported Williams’ (1st) div., 20th A.C. (US), between the . . . Map (db m182300) HM
8 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-33 — Battles of Tilton<-- 2.8 mi. --<<<
2.8 miles E. of here, on May 13, 1864, a delaying action was fought as Confederates moved south toward Resaca. On Oct.13, 1864, part of French’s Division of Stewart’s Corps, Confederates Army of Tennessee, attacked this place, then garrisoned by 300 . . . Map (db m221012) HM
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9 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-2 — Campaign for Atlanta: Johnston's Review
On April 19, 1864, General Joseph E. Johnston reviewed the Confederate Army of Tennessee on this ridge. After his appointment in December 1863, Johnston rebuilt a defeated and demoralized army following Confederate General Braxton Bragg's defeat at . . . Map (db m9069) HM
10 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 3 — Carpet Technology
Most people identify Dalton, Georgia, an the Carpet Capital of the World. However many are not aware of the inventions, inventors, designers, and machinists who built the mechanical backbone for today's carpet industry, obtaining hundreds of . . . Map (db m171568) HM
11 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-31 — Confederate Cemetery
421 unknown Confederate, four known Confederate and four unknown Federal soldiers are buried here. Some of these men died of wounds received in the Battles of Stone's River, Perryville, Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, Chattanooga, Missionary Ridge, . . . Map (db m164928) HM
12 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — Crow Valley"...too strong to be carried without great slaughter." — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
The opening actions of the Atlanta Campaign occurred around Dalton during early May 1864. Union Major General William T. Sherman's strategy, as two of his three armies approached from the north and northwest, involved a series of demonstrations by . . . Map (db m85914) HM
13 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-21 — Crow ValleyFebruary 25, 1864
Federal forces moved south on this road in an attempt to outflank the Confederate defenders at Mill Creek Gap, which was being threatened by two Federal divisions from the west. These movements were to test the strength of Johnston`s army at Dalton. . . . Map (db m10786) HM
14 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 11 — Dalton Confederate CemeteryHonored in Death — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
This cemetery was established during the Civil War on about four and one-half acres of Dalton's original ten-acre cemetery donated to the city by Duff Green on February 15, 1855. Today this much larger cemetery is known as West Hill. Over . . . Map (db m142905) HM
15 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — Dalton Confederate MemorialDalton - Chickamauga - Rocky Face - Resaca
Erected by the Ladies Memorial Association of Whitfield County, to the memory of our Confederate Dead. 1892. Map (db m143516) WM
16 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-11 — Dug Gap
An excavation at the summit of Rocky Face Ridge on the direct route between Dalton and LaFayette. This gap was guarded by Confederate forces when Dalton was occupied after the retreat from Missionary Ridge in Nov. 1863. Federal forces made two . . . Map (db m23347) HM
17 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-34 — Dug Gap1 mi. →
Dug Gap was so named because a pioneer road, cut out of the hillside, passed through a cleft in Rocky Face Ridge at this point. The road led east to Dalton and the Western and Atlantic Railroad, important military objectives. Federals sought in . . . Map (db m50162) HM
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18 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — Fort Hill" situation was a desperate one..." — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
The Confederate "Army of Tennessee" that defended Dalton from November 1863 to May 1864 briefly returned here the following October. It was much depleted in both size and spirit. Their unsuccessful defense of Atlanta ended with its fall on September . . . Map (db m86563) HM
19 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-4 — General Cleburne’s Proposal to Arm Slaves
Here on January 2, 1864, Gen. Patrick Cleburne proposed arming slaves in exchange for their freedom to alleviate the manpower shortage facing the Confederacy. Almost all the other generals present opposed the idea of black Confederate soldiers . . . Map (db m44641) HM
20 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-28 — George Whitefield
George Whitefield (1714-70) was a noted evangelist, born in Gloucester, England. He met John and Charles Wesley at Oxford and with them formed the Holy Club. Ordained deacon in 1736, he followed the Wesleys to Georgia in 1738 and founded Bethesda . . . Map (db m44787) HM
21 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 10 — Hamilton HouseThe Confederate Army Reorganizes — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
Hamilton House is the oldest surviving house in Dalton, pre-dating the city's founding. The brick home and spring house were built about 1840 by John Hamilton and his wife Rachel. John was a civil engineer with the Western and Atlantic . . . Map (db m142903) HM
22 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-17 — Hamilton House
This brick house & the stone spring house in the low ground back of it, were built by John Hamilton about 1840. During the Winter, 1863-1864, when the Confederate Army of Tennessee, under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, occupied Dalton, Brig. Gen. J.H. . . . Map (db m10830) HM
23 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — Johnny Marcus Memorial Loop
This plaque honors the memory of Johnny Marcus, a local running enthusiast who died in an automobile accident, April 7, 1995. His dedication and commitment to the sport of running was inspiring to those who now follow in his footsteps.Map (db m12913) HM
24 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — Joseph E. Johnston Memorial Reported permanently removed
Joseph E. Johnston 1807 ---- 1891 Brigadier General U.S.A. General C.S.A. Given command of the Confederate forces at Dalton, in 1863, he directed the 79 days campaign to Atlanta, one of the most memorable in the annals of war . . . Map (db m180351) HM
25 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 4 — Milltown Education
Many cotton mills in the south operated schools to promote the literacy and work ethic expected for future mill employees. Whitfield County had three mill schools: Crown Point, Elk (later Boylston Crown), and Atcooga, an acronym for American Thread . . . Map (db m170924) HM
26 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — Our Textile Legacy
(panel 1) A Textile and Tufting Manufacturing Center The textile and tufting industries transformed Dalton into a leading industrial center in northwest Georgia. Long before carpet manufacturing arrived, the Cherokee occupied . . . Map (db m173298) HM
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27 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-20 — Stevenson's Line
During demonstrations on Rocky Face and in Crow Valley, by 4th & 23d A.C. troops [US], the N. line of Dalton’s defense works crossed the road here. Stevenson’s div. (Hood’s A.C.) [CS] held this sector, his left at Cheatham’s line, at Signal . . . Map (db m17155) HM
28 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-20 — Stevenson's Line
During demonstrations on Rocky Face & in Crow Valley, by 4th & 23d Army Corps troops, the northern line of Dalton’s defense works crossed the road here. Stevenson’s div. (Hood’s Army Corps) held this sector, his left at Cheatham’s line, at Signal . . . Map (db m17162) HM
29 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — The Battle of Mill Creek GapMay 7-12, 1864 — The Opening Phase of the Atlanta Campaign
The Atlanta Campaign opened at 3:00 AM on the morning of May 7th as the bugles of McCook's Federal Brigade sounded reveille at their camps near Ringgold. Federal troops occupied the village of Tunnel Hill and approached Buzzard's Roost Pass, as Mill . . . Map (db m86522) HM
30 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-30 — The Blunt House<-----<<<
This house, built in 1848 by Ainsworth Emery Blunt, pioneer settler of Dalton, has been continuously occupied by members of his family. Appointed postmaster of Cross Plains in 1845, Mr. Blunt was elected mayor when that town became Dalton in 1847 . . . Map (db m44735) HM
31 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — #8 — The Dixie Highway Becomes Dixie Highway
Conceived by regional businessmen in 1915, construction for the portion of US Highway 41 through Whitfield County began in 1926 and opened on October 29, 1929 with much fanfare. Before I-75, U S Highway 41, also known as the Dixie Highway, was one . . . Map (db m171572) HM
32 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-15 — The Flooded GapMay, 1864
The Confederate defenders of Dalton impounded the waters of Mill Creek by a dam, in the gap, as a measure of defense when Federal forces under Sherman assailed this opening in Rocky Face Ridge. This temporary lake, together with fortifications in . . . Map (db m10787) HM
33 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — The Huff House
General Joseph E. Johnston commanding Confederate army occupied this house as headquarters from December 1863 to March 1864Map (db m44811) HM
34 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 151-3 — The McCarty Neighborhood
William Scott and Frances Brown McCarty began laying out a neighborhood here in 1927. By 1950, influential Dalton residents had established one of the city’s earliest subdivisions. McCarty residents pioneered and maintained the Dalton carpet and . . . Map (db m19294) HM
35 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-1 — The McCarty Subdivision Reported missing
John B. McCarty began laying out a neighborhood here in 1928. By 1950, influential Dalton residents had established one of the city’s earliest subdivisions using New South landscaping. Tudor Revival, Colonial Revival, and Minimal Traditional . . . Map (db m15382) HM
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36 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 2 — The Mechanization of the Bedspread Industry
From 1895 to the mid-1930s, as the bedspread Industry began to develop the tufting process was done by hand in homes. The vast majority of the original hand-tufters were ladies seeking to supplement their families agricultural income that had . . . Map (db m171571) HM
37 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — 155-29 — Tristram Dalton
Tristram Dalton (1732-1817) was born in Newburyport, Mass; graduate of Harvard, 1755: admitted to bar but followed mercantile pursuits. Delegate to Convention of Committees of New England Provinces, Providence, R. I., 1776; member Massachusetts . . . Map (db m10804) HM
38 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — Welcome to Dalton!Our Textile Legacy
In 1985, Dalton, GA had no reason to believe that it would develop into a modern El Dorado, "The City of gold," or in our city's case, carpet. Dalton is infamous for its title of "Carpet Capital of the World". The driving tour honors the . . . Map (db m173474) HM
39 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — Western and Atlantic Railroad Depot
Date of Construction: 1852 Builder: Western and Atlantic Railroad Original Occupancy: Railroad Station Here, during the Civil War on April 12, 1862, the engine "Texas," dropped off a telegraph operator with orders to warn the Confederate . . . Map (db m86525) HM
40 Georgia, Whitfield County, Dalton — William C. Martin House
The United States Department of Interior has placed this property on the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m199900) HM
41 Georgia, Whitfield County, Mill Creek — 155-29C — "Callaway Place" - 1814.
Jesse Callaway, soldier of 1812, son of Joseph Callaway, soldier of '76, lived in this house from 1852 to 1867. The house, built with bricks made on the place, remained in the family until after 1900. It is said to have been built about 1814. . . . Map (db m10795) HM
42 Georgia, Whitfield County, Mill Creek — 155-9 — Babb's Settlement
Ante-bellum domain of Joel Babb (1809~1882) - on Mill Cr., foot of Rocky Face at Dug Gap. May 8, 1864. 1 A. M.: Col. W.C.P. Breckinridge’s 9th Ky., Grigsby’s brigade, Wheeler’s cav., descended from Dug Gap & patrolled the roads N. & W. to ascertain . . . Map (db m10912) HM
43 Georgia, Whitfield County, Mill Creek — 155-10 — Battle of Dug Gap
May 8, 1864. Maj. Gen. J.W. Geary, with Buschbeck`s & Candy`s brigades of the 2d div., 20th A.C., moving from near Gordon`s Springs, reached this, the Babb Settlement, at 3 p.m. Planting McGill`s Penna. Battery (3 inch Rodman guns) near Joel Babb`s . . . Map (db m10913) HM
44 Georgia, Whitfield County, Mill Creek — 155-8 — Geary's Division to Dug Gap
May 8, 1864, Brig. Gen. J.W. Geary, with Buschbeck’s & Candy’s brigades 2d div., A.C., marched on this road from Near Gordon’s Springs. Turning E. here (near Whitfield – Walker County line ), Geary’s troops moved to Dug Gap in Rocky Face . . . Map (db m10940) HM
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45 Georgia, Whitfield County, Mill Creek — 155-7 — Twentieth Corps in Dogwood Valley
May 7, 1864. Gen. Hooker`s 20th A.C. crossed Taylor’s Ridge at Nickajack & Gordon Springs Gaps, moving E. toward Rocky Face Ridge. Geary’s 2d & Butterfield’s 3d divs., via Gordon`s Springs, reached this point that afternoon. Butterfield’s troops . . . Map (db m10796) HM
46 Georgia, Whitfield County, Resaca — 155-2 — Battle of Resaca
At this point the entrenched line of Stanley’s (1st) Div., 4th A.C. (US) crossed the highway, facing Hood’s line (CS) 0.5 mi. South. May 14, 1864: 0.4 mi. E. (near Nance’s Spring) Hood’s rt.(CS) made a spirited attack on Stanley’s left (US), which . . . Map (db m10972) HM
47 Georgia, Whitfield County, Rocky Face — Atlanta CampaignRocky Face Ridge — May 7-12, 1864 —
Federal frontal attacks failing completely here Sherman ably outflanked the Confederate army strongly entrenched across Rocky Face ridge and this gap. Whereupon Johnston with great skill reestablished a position by withdrawing to Resaca.Map (db m13279) HM
48 Georgia, Whitfield County, Rocky Face — 9 — Battle of Mill Creek GapBuzzard's Roost - May 7 to 12, 1864 — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
After their defeat at Missionary Ridge near Chattanooga in November 1863, the Confederate “Army of Tennessee” spent the winter of 1863-64 around Dalton, fortifying its defense. As the weather warmed and dirt roads dried, heavy . . . Map (db m142913) HM
49 Georgia, Whitfield County, Rocky Face — 155-14 — Confederate Defense of Mill Creek Gap
Feb. 25, 1864. Stewart’s and Breckinridge’s divs. in the gap, repulsed the attacks of the Federal 14th A.C., from the N.W., while Hindman's A.C. drove back Cruft's and Bard’s divs. in Crow Valley E. of Rocky Face Ridge and N. of the R.R. May 8-9. . . . Map (db m19265) HM
50 Georgia, Whitfield County, Rocky Face — 155-6 — Dr. Anderson’s House
H’dq’rs., Maj. Gen. Joseph B. Hooker, commanding Federal 20th A. C., May 7, - 9, 1864. These troops, having crossed Taylor’s Ridge, May 7, moved E. to this vicinity. Williams’ 1st & Butterfield’s 3d divs. camped in Dogwood Valley near Trickum; . . . Map (db m21291) HM
51 Georgia, Whitfield County, Rocky Face — 155-16 — George Disney's Grave
High up on Rocky Face, S. of gap, is the lone grave of English-born George Disney, Co. K., 4th Ky. Inft., Lewis' “Orphan Brigade”, Bate’s div., Hindman’s Corps (CS). The 4th Ky. was deployed to form a living telegraph line from base . . . Map (db m11075) HM
52 Georgia, Whitfield County, Rocky Face — 155-13 — Mill Creek Gap
Otherwise known as Buzzard Roost. This natural gateway through Rock Face Ridge, was heavily fortified by Confederate forces at Dalton, after their retreat from Missionary Ridge. February 25, 1864, the Federal 14th A.C., Dept. of the Cumberland, . . . Map (db m11069) HM
53 Georgia, Whitfield County, Rocky Face — 155-13 — Mill Creek Gap
Otherwise known as Buzzard Roost. This natural gateway through Rock Face Ridge was heavily fortified by Confederate forces at Dalton after their retreat from Missionary Ridge. February 25, 1864, the Federal 14th A.C., Dept. of the Cumberland, . . . Map (db m11072) HM
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54 Georgia, Whitfield County, Rocky Face — Rocky Face Ridge PhaseAtlanta Campaign — May 7-12, 1864 —
Confederates withdraw to Resaca when Federal flank movement threatens their rear. (labels) Confederate position Rocky Face Ridge Federal attack fails / Mill Creek Gap Federal flank movement / Dug Gap Map (db m86523) HM
55 Georgia, Whitfield County, Tilton — 155-5 — R.R. Wood Station½ mi. → Reported missing
Approx. site of John H. Green’s wood station during the 1860’s – which was a fuel supply depot of the State R.R. April 12, 1862: Andrews’ Raiders (US), with the locomotive GENERAL, paused to wood up while closely pursued by the locomotive TEXAS . . . Map (db m182302) HM
56 Georgia, Whitfield County, Tilton — The Chase, and a Battle250 yards →
To the left over the railroad crossing stood a water tower where the famed "General", of "The Great Locomotive Chase" stopped for water while being chased by the "Texas", April 12, 1862. A brief stop was made at nearby Green's Wood Yard for fuel. . . . Map (db m10791) HM
57 Georgia, Whitfield County, Tunnel Hill — Baggage Carts
Baggage Carts were one of the utilitarian devices used by almost all railroads to move goods and luggage around their depots. They received little more attention than the broom in the corner, but without them, the expediency of railroad freight . . . Map (db m143006) HM
58 Georgia, Whitfield County, Tunnel Hill — Building a Tunnel
These blocks are some of the limestone blocks that were cut from the surface rock on Rocky Face Ridge and brought down for use in the building of the Tunnel and the nearby W&A Depot in the mid-1800s. Surface ledge quarries are exposed areas of . . . Map (db m209081) HM
59 Georgia, Whitfield County, Tunnel Hill — Captain Key & Key's Battery
Captain Thomas Jefferson Key earned a reputation as an audacious battery commander, often running his guns up close to the enemy in advance of the infantry. Many reports and correspondence mention the incredibly fast loading and firing that . . . Map (db m209191) HM
60 Georgia, Whitfield County, Tunnel Hill — 155-25 — Clisby Austin House
400 yds. S.E., at the big spring, is the brick residence known as the Austin House. May 7, 1864 The Federal forces, having seized Tunnel Hill their first movement in the campaign for Atlanta Maj. Gen. W.T. Sherman had headquarters at the . . . Map (db m209507) HM
61 Georgia, Whitfield County, Tunnel Hill — 155-26 — Harris' Gap
In 1864 the direct road from Tunnel Hill to Varnell's, passed through Harris Gap at this point, which is just N. of where Rocky Face drops off into continuous foot-hills. Federal operations in Crow Valley by the 23d A.C., began with its march S. . . . Map (db m10945) HM
62 Georgia, Whitfield County, Tunnel Hill — Remembering the General Stores
During the mid to late nineteenth century, general stores were generally the first business establishments built in a town. As successors to the trading post which served the pioneers and early settlers, general stores were located at crossroads . . . Map (db m209184) HM
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63 Georgia, Whitfield County, Tunnel Hill — The Clisby Austin House
Constructed in 1848 by Reverend Clisby Austin, "Meadowlawn" is a prime example of an antebellum style home. A wooden plank walkway extended from the house to the nearby Western and Atlantic Railroad Depot. When Civil War hostilities . . . Map (db m209429) HM
64 Georgia, Whitfield County, Tunnel Hill — The Excavation
[Left Side of Marker] The Excavation of the west end was begun early July 15, 1848. & the first opening effected Oct. 31, 1849 The first train of cars passed through May 9, 1850 Length of excavation in this end 575 feet . . . Map (db m20002) HM
65 Georgia, Whitfield County, Tunnel Hill — The Leg of Hood
Here lyes the leg of the gallant Hood Sept. 20, 1863Map (db m208923) HM
66 Georgia, Whitfield County, Tunnel Hill — The Reverend Clisby Austin Sr.
In 1848, the 46 year old Reverend Clisby Austin, a farmer and business man from east Tennessee, arrived in the new village of Tunnelsville with his wife and twelve children. He purchased one hundred and sixty acres and established himself as a . . . Map (db m209427) HM
67 Georgia, Whitfield County, Tunnel Hill — 155-24 — Tunnel Hill
May 7, 1864. The Federal forces, under Maj. Gen. W.T. Sherman, began the campaign for Atlanta by seizing Tunnel Hill. Howard's 4th A.C., having marched from Catoosa Springs, drover Wheeler's Cav. from the R.R. tunnel S. to Mill Creek Gap. Palmer's . . . Map (db m12361) HM
68 Georgia, Whitfield County, Tunnel Hill — 8 — Tunnel HillThe Beginning of the Atlanta Campaign — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
The city of Tunnel Hill was incorporated in 1848. The next year the state of Georgia began construction of a depot in anticipation of the completion of the Western and Atlantic Railroad. This rail line linked Atlanta to Chattanooga. Yet before . . . Map (db m142946) HM
69 Georgia, Whitfield County, Tunnel Hill — Tunnel Hill W&A Railroad Depot
The W&A (Western & Atlantic) Railroad Depot was constructed by the State of Georgia between 1848-1850 as part of the state-owned Western & Atlantic Railroad. This depot is one of Georgia's oldest. The Depot witnessed many important events during the . . . Map (db m143005) HM
70 Georgia, Whitfield County, Tunnel Hill — 155-36 — Western & Atlantic Railroad Tunnel
The 1447 foot long Chetoogeta Mountain railroad tunnel is one-half mile east of this marker. The tunnel was completed in 1850 and this opened the W&A RR from Atlanta to Chattanooga. This was the first railroad tunnel completed south of the . . . Map (db m30587) HM
71 Georgia, Whitfield County, Tunnel Hill — What are Sherman Neckties?
The display in front of you consists of one bent rail and two straight rails from the Civil War era. The bent rail was recovered in August of 2011 from the murky waters of Swamp Creek near the Western and Atlantic Railroad trestle just north of . . . Map (db m193680) HM
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72 Georgia, Whitfield County, Varnell — Cotton Gin
The cotton “gin” (short for engine) was first patented by Eli Whitney of Massachusetts in 1793. The purpose of a cotton gin is to remove the cotton seeds from cotton fibers. Simple ginning machines were being used prior to 1793 to clean the . . . Map (db m120419) HM
73 Georgia, Whitfield County, Varnell — Dr. Lacewell’s Office
Dr. John Franklin Lacewell (June 7, 1857 – August 19, 1937) was a horse-and-buggy doctor who never owned an automobile. He graduated from Atlanta Medical College (now Emory University) in 1887 and returned to Whitfield County. He answered house . . . Map (db m120418) HM
74 Georgia, Whitfield County, Varnell — 155-32 — Historic Varnell Home>>>>----->>
This historic home was built in 1847 by “Dry Dan Dold” for M. P. Varnell, a pioneer settler of this community. In the War Between the States, this home was used as a temporary hospital by Federals and Confederates. Several skirmishes and . . . Map (db m44662) HM
75 Georgia, Whitfield County, Varnell — Joseph Standing Monument
This memorial park and monument honor the memory of Elder Joseph Standing of Salt Lake City, Utah, a missionary of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (Mormon) who was killed here by a mob July 21, 1879. His companion, Elder Rudger . . . Map (db m22501) HM
76 Georgia, Whitfield County, Varnell — 155-29B — Old Federal Road
The highway crossing east and west at this point is the Old Federal Road, northwest Georgia’s earliest vehicular route. It led across the Indian County from the southeast boundary of the Cherokees, in the direction of Athens, toward Nashville via . . . Map (db m44658) HM
77 Georgia, Whitfield County, Varnell — Prater’s Mill
Prater’s Mill is a restored working gristmill built by Benjamin Franklin Prater circa 1855, on land that the Cherokee called “Fish Trap Shoals”. The mill is constructed of hand-hewn timbers with mortised and pegged joints. The Prater family owned . . . Map (db m120417) HM
78 Georgia, Whitfield County, Varnell — Prater’s Mill and The Civil War1861-1865
January 19, 1861 – Georgia secedes from the Union. October 1862 – The first Confederate troops arrive in Whitfield County. 1826 – 1864 – Benjamin Franklin Prater sells corn, hay, fodder, bacon, split rails and planks to . . . Map (db m120413) HM
79 Georgia, Whitfield County, Varnell — Prater’s Mill Store
Prater’s Mill was an important commercial site, containing the grist mill for grinding corn and wheat, and also a store, post office, warehouse, cotton gin, blacksmith, gardens and numerous houses. The Prater’s Mill store and the mill complex were . . . Map (db m120416) HM
80 Georgia, Whitfield County, Varnell — Prater's Mill
Prater’s Mill Dates from 1855 and is in remarkably good shape thanks to the Prater’s Mill Foundation. Built by John Pitner, the grist mill and a nearby sawmill operated from a single water-powered turbine. Together the two mills carved a center of . . . Map (db m120411) HM
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81 Georgia, Whitfield County, Varnell — Water Turbine
Many old mills were powered by overshot water wheels, picturesque, but difficult to maintain. Prater’s Mill, however, was powered by three more modern underwater turbines. One of these, a Leffel-type patented in 1862, is still completely . . . Map (db m120415) HM
82 Georgia, Whitfield County, Waring — 155-23 — Military Operations in Crow Valley
There were 2 demonstrations by Federal forces on Dalton, in 1864: Feb. 24-26; May 7-12. On these over-lapping fields of operation, the Burke House & spring were noted landmarks. Feb. 25, Cruft`s & Baird`s divs. (4th & 14th A.C.), via the low ridge . . . Map (db m10929) HM
83 Georgia, Whitfield County, Waring — 155-19 — North Line Dalton’s Defenses
April, 1864. Pending Federal moves on Dalton a strong line of defense works was built across Crow Valley. Beginning at the Signal Station on Rocky Face, W., it crossed the road at this point & ascended the wooded hill E. where artillery was placed. . . . Map (db m10969) HM
84 Georgia, Whitfield County, Waring — 155-22 — Schofield's 23d Corps in Crow Valley
May 9, 1864. Two divs., 23d A.C., having deployed abreast between the Burke & Harris houses moved S. astride this wooded ridge in the fork of Crow Creek. This move was made in conjunction with 4th A.C. troops on the summit & eastern slope of Rocky . . . Map (db m10931) HM
85 Georgia, Whitfield County, Waring — 155-18 — Site: Ault's Mill
In this vicinity stood Ault’s mill and residence cited in Official Records as Lt. Gen. Wm. J. Hardee’s headquarters, May 8-13, 1864. Hardee was in temporary command of units of Hood’s A.C. (Hindman’s div.) together with his own corps at various . . . Map (db m10926) HM
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Jun. 5, 2023