The impressive limestone cave located along the Ohio River is one
of the most compelling features of Cave-in-Rock State Park. With a
reputation as a robber's den and outlaw hideout, the cave looms large
in popular folk tales of the Illinois . . . — — Map (db m161218) HM
Meriwether Lewis, William Clark, and about twenty men passed this place in the fall of 1803 on their famous journey westward. Cave-In-Rock, a natural landmark near here, was well known and noted on some early maps of this area. The party continued . . . — — Map (db m154573) HM
This natural cave located nearby was known to European explorers as early as 1729. Its location was noted in diaries and journals of travelers. It was noted on maps used by Lewis and Clark.
Late in the 18th century, The Cave was the habitat for . . . — — Map (db m155030) HM
For 6 to 9 months a year, the Iron Furnace was "in blast."
These quiet hills came alive with the sounds of axes and
picks, horses and wagons, and the shouts of hardworking
men-24 hours a day,7 days a week!
A blast furnace requires large . . . — — Map (db m161399) HM
Before you stands the only remaining iron furnace structure in the entire state of Illinois. This priceless historic edifice became part of the Shawnee National Forest in 1950.
Outstanding in Its Field
Built in 1837, the Illinois Iron . . . — — Map (db m161400) HM
As the Big Creek Baptist Church is the oldest Baptist church in Illinois with continuous services, the site of the Big Creek Church is two miles west of this location. Elders Stephen Stilley and William Jones led in constituting the Big Creek Church — — Map (db m155007) HM
Fluorite, the official Illinois state mineral, was discovered in 1839 by James Anderson while digging a well near Fairview Landing one half mile SW of this site. Fluorite was a waste product until the steel industry began using the mineral in their . . . — — Map (db m154632) HM
People have been digging, processing and transporting fluorite (fluorspar) here since 1842. In the 1940s, Rosiclare and Hardin County led the U.S. in fluorite production and were known as "The Fluorite Capital of the World".
What is . . . — — Map (db m206198) HM
William Pell, Jr. settled here in 1832, founded Pell's Landing. In 1874, Pell's Landing was incorporated as Rose Clare and became the City of Rosiclare in 1932. Always an important river town, the discovery of fluorite and other minerals in the . . . — — Map (db m206199) HM
Travel the Byway and discover the importance of the Ohio River to the nation and the world. Experience the magnificent natural landscapes of southern Illinois while coming to know how the historic events and people that shaped the region and the . . . — — Map (db m196762) HM
Imagine this peaceful site abuzz with
activity! It took about 40 men to keep the
furnace "in blast” and many more to
support the workers and their families,
creating the furnace community.
At the Break of Day
The village . . . — — Map (db m161401) HM