“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Pike County, Illinois

Clickable Map of Pike County, Illinois and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Pike County, IL (54) Adams County, IL (82) Brown County, IL (2) Calhoun County, IL (2) Greene County, IL (4) Morgan County, IL (19) Scott County, IL (7) Marion County, MO (69) Pike County, MO (13) Ralls County, MO (10)  PikeCounty(54) Pike County (54)  AdamsCounty(82) Adams County (82)  BrownCounty(2) Brown County (2)  CalhounCounty(2) Calhoun County (2)  GreeneCounty(4) Greene County (4)  MorganCounty(19) Morgan County (19)  ScottCounty(7) Scott County (7)  MarionCountyMissouri(69) Marion County (69)  PikeCounty(13) Pike County (13)  RallsCounty(10) Ralls County (10)
Pittsfield is the county seat for Pike County
Adjacent to Pike County, Illinois
      Adams County (82)  
      Brown County (2)  
      Calhoun County (2)  
      Greene County (4)  
      Morgan County (19)  
      Scott County (7)  
      Marion County, Missouri (69)  
      Pike County, Missouri (13)  
      Ralls County, Missouri (10)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Illinois, Pike County, Aladdin — Illinois
The fertile prairies in Illinois attracted the attention of French trader Louis Jolliet and Father Jacques Marquette as they explored the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers in 1673. France claimed this region until 1763 when it was surrendered to Great . . . Map (db m136729) HM
2 Illinois, Pike County, Atlas — AtlasSite of the First Permanent Seat of Justice in Pike County
This section, settled in 1820, by Ebenezer Franklin, Daniel Shinn and the four Ross brothers, was known as Ross Settlement until 1823 when it was named Atlas. Pursuant to an act passed by the Illinois Legislature, in session, at Vandalia, in 1822, . . . Map (db m78653) HM
3 Illinois, Pike County, Atlas — Oldest Building in Pike County
Built in 1823 for a trading post on the old trail between Keokuk & St. Louis. Now a pvt. residence.Map (db m78654) HM
4 Illinois, Pike County, Atlas — Welcome to Illinois
In 1673 the areas of the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers were explored by Frenchmen Louis Joliet and Father Jacques Marquette. Their voyages resulted in French claims on the area until 1763 when, by the Treaty of Paris, France ceded the land to . . . Map (db m78655) HM
5 Illinois, Pike County, Barry — Civil War Monument
To the Union soldiers War of the Rebellion 1861-1865 (north side) Members of John McTucker Post 154 G.A.R. Dept. of ILL. N..R. Taggart 3 Mo. Cav. • Isri Smith 32 Ill. Inf. • Seth Grammer 78 Ill. Inf. • P. Dickson 30 Ind. Inf. . . . Map (db m152175) WM
6 Illinois, Pike County, Barry — First Baptist Church
Organized Atlas ILL. June 20, 1829 Moved to Pleasant Vale Sept. 1829 Moved to Worcester (Barry) Nov. 1836Map (db m138425) HM
7 Illinois, Pike County, Barry — M60 Tank
M60 Tank Height - 10ft 7in Weight - 93,000 lbs Length - 26 ft 8 in Width - 10 ft 11 in Forward Speed - 30 mph Reverse Speed - 10 mph Engine - 750hp. Continental AVDS - 1790 V-12 Diesel Main Gun - 105mm/.51 Cal. M68 Rifled gun with . . . Map (db m137164) WM
8 Illinois, Pike County, Barry — New Philadelphia Townsite
New Philadelphia Townsite has been designated a National Historic Landmark Founded in 1836 by Frank McWorter, New Philadelphia is the first known town planned and legally registered by an African American in the United States. . . . Map (db m134869) HM
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9 Illinois, Pike County, Barry — Site of New PhiladelphiaSeptember 16, 1836 - 1885
The town consisted of 144 lots laid out by a black man FREE FRANK MCWORTER. In 1819 he bought his freedom from slavery, and eventually freedom for 16 family members for $14,000. He was the first settler (1829) in Hadley Township. Free Frank was born . . . Map (db m134870) HM
10 Illinois, Pike County, Detroit — Earl C SmithAgricultural Leader
This was the home of distinguished agricultural leader, Earl Clemmons Smith, born in Pike County February 19, 1881. In 1907, Smith began farming his grandmother Clemmons' land at this site. Smith became active in the early national farm bureau . . . Map (db m78648) HM
11 Illinois, Pike County, Detroit — East Pike General Store
Built by a Pittsfield Company: sold 1875 to D.W. Stoner. Bought by James Foreman. East Pike County's best known general store for many years.Map (db m137287) HM
12 Illinois, Pike County, Fishhook — Robert Earl HughesThe Worlds Largest Man
May we not only remember he was the worlds largest man from the small community of Fishhook, but also an average man with an enormous heart for peopleMap (db m135380) HM
13 Illinois, Pike County, Florence — The Ninety-Ninth Illinois Infantry
The Ninety-Ninth Illinois Infantry, Pike County's famous Civil War regiment and first regiment out of state under call of 1862, was mustered at Florence Illinois and embarked at this spot for St. Louis, August 23rd, 1862. Was 62 days under fire. . . . Map (db m128674) HM WM
14 Illinois, Pike County, Griggsville — Griggsville Fire Bell1830s to 1940s
This bell hung approximately where City Hall is today - January 2021 - on South Corey Street The fire bell is different than church or dinner bells. To make it ring louder, the clapper was pulled instead of the bell swinging.Map (db m181412) HM
15 Illinois, Pike County, Griggsville — Mormontown Site
On February 22, 1839, members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, refugees driven from Missouri under the “Extermination Order” of Governor Lilburn Boggs, settled on this site. The property was owned by Thomas Edwards, who later . . . Map (db m78649) HM
16 Illinois, Pike County, Griggsville — Skinner HouseCommunity Center
Built 1858 Remodelled 1905 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places Restored By the Griggsville Preservation and Restoration Society Open to Public May 30 1982Map (db m135374) HM
17 Illinois, Pike County, Griggsville — Veterans Memorial
The Griggsville community would like to thank the men and women of the Armed Forces, who have served or are serving now, to protect our freedom. Let us not forget them, today, tomorrow, forever.Map (db m137280) WM
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18 Illinois, Pike County, Kinderhook — Old Kinderhook School1889 - 1969
A memorial to the old Kinderhook school which once stood on this site, and to all who walked through its portals, ~the students, the teachers, the administrators, the concerned parents, the friends. Hush, ~I think I hear the . . . Map (db m162301) HM
19 Illinois, Pike County, Kinderhook — Veterans Memorial
In honor of the men and women who served in the armed forces of the United States of AmericaMap (db m162307) WM
20 Illinois, Pike County, Nebo — The First U.S. Transcontinental Flight
Calbraith “Cal” Rodgers, the first man to fly across the United States, landed near this spot on Oct. 10, 1911. The flight took 49 days. Nebo was one of 68 recorded landing sites. Rodgers’ aircraft was a Wright EX biplane named the . . . Map (db m128623) HM
21 Illinois, Pike County, New Salem — Little Red Brick
Built 1834 Stage coach stop, school, dweling, church. Orig enclosed in a 3-story 12-room edifice which was razed in 1965 revealing 1834 original.Map (db m135383) HM
22 Illinois, Pike County, Perry — Cobb Family Cabin
Built in 1837 by a Mr. Cobb who left his family here in 1849. He was killed in the gold fields. Cabin moved here in 1968.Map (db m137283) HM
23 Illinois, Pike County, Perry — Cross of Gold Speech
Site of first William Jennings Bryan Cross of Gold Speech in 1896 Lawn of Presbyterian Church Perry IllinoisMap (db m138418) HM
24 Illinois, Pike County, Perry — General Grant and the 21st IL Regiment
Gen. U.S. Grant, commander of the 21st Regiment Illinois Volunteers was camped here with his regiment July 8, 1861Map (db m135377) HM
25 Illinois, Pike County, Perry — Perry Church of Christ Memorial Park
Front Enjoy this park set aside for quiet reflection. It memorializes 177 years of Christian spirit and community service. Back Let the Lower Lights Be Burning [lines of sheet music] 1837 The congregation was established . . . Map (db m137281) HM
26 Illinois, Pike County, Perry — Potawatomi Trail of Death
On Oct. 5, 1838, about 800 Potawatomi Indians camped at McKee’s Creek near here on the forced removal from Indiana to Kansas, known as the Trail of Death. They crossed the Illinois River by ferry. Leaving the river they had to seek water, because of . . . Map (db m135378) HM
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27 Illinois, Pike County, Perry — Veterans Memorial
Our community honors each person who answers a grateful nation’s call to defend the Constitution of the United States and to preserve Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness for all Americans. A.D. 2013 “We have met the enemy and . . . Map (db m137270) WM
28 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — Abraham Lincoln(1809-1865) — Sixteenth President of the United States 1861-1865 —
(front:) Visited Pike County from 1839-1858 Practiced law in Pike County (back, top:) Lincoln had many friends in Pike County And is documented to Have visited many homes here. (back, bottom:) Charles . . . Map (db m188218) HM
29 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — Charles Lame HouseLooking for Lincoln — Lincoln's Pike County —
Lincoln visited here. Lincoln’s 1858 Senatorial campaign visit to Pittsfield prompted a test firing of the cannon which was a popular campaign practice of the time. Charles Lame was seriously injured during the test firing. Lincoln walked down to . . . Map (db m128777) HM
30 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — Colonel William Ross HouseLincoln Stayed Here — Looking for Lincoln —
Built 1845-1846, partially destroyed by fire and rebuilt in 1896. Lincoln stayed here during his 1858 Senatorial campaign visit. Ross served as an aide to Gen. Atkinson and was responsible for Lincoln's appointment to company captaincy during the . . . Map (db m128771) HM
31 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — Commemorating
Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas, who practiced at the Pike County Bar in early days and who spoke in this park in the Senatorial Campaign of 1858; John Hay, author of Pike County Ballads, diplomatist and Secretary of State 1898 - 1905, who . . . Map (db m78650) HM
32 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — In Memoriam
In loving and grateful tribute to Pike County's Union Soldiers of the Civil War, the 3,132 heroic men who offered their lives as sacrifice to their country, 1861-1865, and, joining hands in common cause, repeated the oath of America's . . . Map (db m128708) WM
33 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — In Memory of John Thomson Hodgen, M.D. and Henry Hodgen Mudd, M.D.
In memory of John Thomas Hodgen, M.D. Born, Hodgenville, KY. January 17. 1826 Died, St. Louis, MO. April 28. 1882 Professor of surgery, St. Louis Medical College President of American Medical Association and Henry Hodgen Mudd, . . . Map (db m128675) HM
34 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — John G. NicolayPittsfield, Illinois — Home of John G. Nicolay President Lincoln’s Private Secretary —
John G Nicolay met Abraham Lincoln in the fall of 1856 when he was editor of the county paper in Pittsfield. On that autumn day Pittsfield was in a ferment political excitement. A big meeting had been arranged and Nicolay was on the committee. There . . . Map (db m137272) HM
35 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — John G. Nicolay(1832-1901) — Secretary to Lincoln 1860-1865 —
(front:) Editor of the Pike County Free Press Marshal of U.S. Supreme Court (back:) Married Therena Bates in Pittsfield June 15, 1865 John Hay was his best manMap (db m188219) HM
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36 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — John M. Hay(1838-1905) — Secretary to Lincoln 1861-1865 —
(front:) Author of Pike County Ballads U.S. Secretary of State 1897-1905 (back:) Author, Historian, and Diplomat Student at Thomson Academy in Pittsfield 1849-1852Map (db m188217) HM
37 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — Lincoln's Pike CountyLooking for Lincoln — 1858 —
Pike County, Illinois was organized January 31, 1821, named for Zebulon Pike, early explorer of the Louisiana Purchase and general in the War of 1812. The first settlement in 1820 was founded by Ebenezer Franklin, followed by Daniel . . . Map (db m68919) HM
38 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — Mansion House Hotel
The Mansion House Hotel was built in 1838 by William Watson, the first settler of Pittsfield. According to old records, Abraham Lincoln, Stephen Douglas would gather in the lobby between court sessions while waiting for a verdict. Future Illinois . . . Map (db m128769) HM
39 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — Michael J. Noyes HouseLincoln Spoke Here — Built 1841-1846 —
Michael Noyes was a native of New Hampshire and settled in Pittsfield in 1841, after having spent years in Pike County, Mo. He was the founder and editor of Pike County’s first newspaper in 1841, “The Sucker and Farmer’s Record.” He was . . . Map (db m128779) HM
40 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — Pike County's LincolnLooking for Lincoln — 1858 —
Abraham Lincoln was a frequent visitor to Pike County. He left his judicial circuit and crossed the Illinois River to practice law with many of Pike County's leading attorneys, forming close associations with prominent Whig and . . . Map (db m68918) HM
41 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — Reuben Scanland HouseBuilt ca. 1850's
Scanland was mayor of Pittsfield and a prominent attorney and judge. He backed Lincoln in the 1858 Senate race and Lincoln stayed here during his visit in October 1858. One of the stories associated with this home is of Mrs. Scanland's turkey . . . Map (db m128780) HM
42 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — Site of the Daniel H. Gilmer Home and Law Office.
Abraham Lincoln visited the home and law office of Daniel Gilmer often. Gilmer was a leading attorney and Whig supporter. One day Gilmer’s nine year old daughter Elizabeth, known to everyone as Lizzie, was swinging on the front gate when Lincoln . . . Map (db m128773) HM
43 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — Site Of The Free Press Newspaper
John Nicolay was only 16 years old when he gained employment as a printer’s devil at this site; he would eventually become the sole proprietor of the Free Press Newspaper. When old friends Tom Shastid and Abraham Lincoln met one day in Pittsfield, . . . Map (db m128772) HM
44 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — Star HotelLincoln Stayed Here — built ca. 1840's —
Built by Capt. George T. Edwards, born March 25, 1814, who emigrated from Tennessee in 1828, and settled in Pittsfield in 1835. Capt. Edwards was active in a number of businesses, including teaming, farming, grocery, mail-contracting & hotel . . . Map (db m128778) HM
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45 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — The Pike County PoetLooking for Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln formed some very close friendships with several citizens of Pittsfield. Among the most prominent ones were Milton Hay, John Milton Hay, and John George Nicolay. Milton Hay was born in 1817, and he moved to Pittsfield in 1840. He was . . . Map (db m128776) HM
46 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — The Printer's DevilLooking for Lincoln
When John George Nicolay was sixteen years old, a friend showed him an ad in The Pike County Free Press newspaper dated May 11, 1848. It advertised for "An intelligent boy, 14 to 17 years of age, who can read and write, to learn the Printing . . . Map (db m128774) HM
47 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — The Shastid HouseLooking for Lincoln
John G. Shastid moved his family to Pittsfield in 1836 from New Salem, where he had been a neighbor to Abraham Lincoln. Pittsfield was the county seat, yet there were only six houses here at the time. John bought one of them. Finding the . . . Map (db m128775) HM
48 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — Troutner Dam
Named in honor of Mayor T.N. Troutner Whose vision, wise planning, and tireless effort made this project a realityMap (db m134874) HM
49 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — Veterans Memorial
A grateful community honors those men and women who have served this nation in the United State's Armed forces. Although you may not have been known by all, you will never be forgotten by any. In God We Trust Pike County, Illinois est. 1821Map (db m128629) WM
50 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — Welcome to Lake PittsfieldFrom the people of the City of Pittsfield
Lake Pittsfield was built by the City of Pittsfield for water supply purposes as part of the Big Blue Creek Watershed. The first multiple purpose watershed project pursuant to the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act of the United States . . . Map (db m135258) HM
51 Illinois, Pike County, Pittsfield — William Grimshaw HouseBuilt 1847
Grimshaw was admitted to the bar in Philadelphia, PA, and came to Pike County in 1833. A prominent local attorney, he was adjutant of the 17th Ill. Militia and a delegate to both state constitutional conventions as a Whig Party member. He authored . . . Map (db m128770) HM
52 Illinois, Pike County, Pleasant Hill — Site of First Building in Pleasant Hill
Site of the first building in Pleasant Hill. Erected 1836 by Jacob Turnbaugh, first resident.Map (db m128626) HM
53 Illinois, Pike County, Summer Hill — Civil War Monument
Dedicated to the members of Maj. Sam. Hays Post 477 G.A.R. Dept. of Ill. And other comrades who fought to keep our country undivided and our flag maintained unsullied 1861-1865 Map (db m152173) WM
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54 Illinois, Pike County, Valley City — Lime Kiln
In the mid-1800s, the air here was filled with the earthy smell of wood smoke and lime being rendered into powder. Half a mile to to north, a steamboat stopped to pick up produce from farmers and merchant good. Griggsville Landing featured a . . . Map (db m147531) HM
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May. 28, 2023