“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Hart County, Kentucky

Clickable Map of Hart County, Kentucky and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Hart County, KY (61) Barren County, KY (40) Edmonson County, KY (20) Grayson County, KY (10) Green County, KY (17) Hardin County, KY (93) Larue County, KY (25) Metcalfe County, KY (11)  HartCounty(61) Hart County (61)  BarrenCounty(40) Barren County (40)  EdmonsonCounty(20) Edmonson County (20)  GraysonCounty(10) Grayson County (10)  GreenCounty(17) Green County (17)  HardinCounty(93) Hardin County (93)  LarueCounty(25) Larue County (25)  MetcalfeCounty(11) Metcalfe County (11)
Munfordville is the county seat for Hart County
Adjacent to Hart County, Kentucky
      Barren County (40)  
      Edmonson County (20)  
      Grayson County (10)  
      Green County (17)  
      Hardin County (93)  
      Larue County (25)  
      Metcalfe County (11)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Kentucky, Hart County, Bonnieville — 1299 — An Indian Ambush
In 1788, William Smuthers, Gilbert LeClerc and his wife, pioneers, were on their way to settle the land they bought, which later became the site of Munfordville. The men were killed by Indians, about 4 mi. SE of here. The deed taken as part of the . . . Map (db m39936) HM
2 Kentucky, Hart County, Bonnieville — 2454 — Bacon Creek Bridge
The Louisville & Nashville RR, completed in 1859 and running north and south, was used by both Union & Confederate armies. Bridge spans on the line were particularly targeted by raiders. The L&N bridge crossing Bacon Creek was destroyed several . . . Map (db m174379) HM
3 Kentucky, Hart County, Bonnieville — 530 — Bacon Creek Bridge
The L & N R.R. bridge near here, a main USA supply line between Louisville and Bowling Green, was destroyed by Confederate troops in late 1861. Before repairs were complete, Morgan's Raiders burned it Dec. 5, 1861. This act brought Morgan's daring . . . Map (db m38507) HM
4 Kentucky, Hart County, Bonnieville — Bacon Creek Trestle
The unlucky L&N Railroad trestle over Bacon Creek received harsh treatment at the hands of Confederate raider John Hunt Morgan not once, but twice during the Civil War. The first destruction, in August 1861, was the first of many attacks Morgan . . . Map (db m39938) HM
5 Kentucky, Hart County, Hammonsville — 1190 — On Washington's Guard
Sergeant Joseph Timberlake, born in Va., 1752: buried here, 1841. Revolutionary soldier. One of the members of General Washington's body guard. All were chosen as being "sober, young, active and well built, men of good character that possess pride . . . Map (db m182935) HM
6 Kentucky, Hart County, Horse Cave — Kentucky Caverns — formerly known as Mammoth Onyx Cave — Horse Cave Ky —
Discovered 1799 by Martha A. Woodson on land granted by the first Congress to Colonel Charles A. Woodson as a part of the Lands South of Green River, reserved for Veterans of the American Revolutionary War. Kentucky Caverns served as a source . . . Map (db m201441) HM
7 Kentucky, Hart County, Horse Cave — 1207 — Lt. Charles Moran - USAF
Shot down a lead plane of first invading flight of the Korean War, June 27, 1950. Four of enemy's nine fighter planes destroyed. Lt. Moran was killed in action 40 days later, Aug. 7, 1950. Member of the 58th Fighter (AW) Squadron. Born in Horse Cave . . . Map (db m41475) HM
8 Kentucky, Hart County, Horse Cave — Unknown Confederate Soldier Monument
Unknown Soldier C.S.A. Was a Member Of Gen. Clay Anderson Division 11th Louisiana Killed Sept. 9, 1862 Erected 1934 by Sam LivelyMap (db m96729) HM WM
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9 Kentucky, Hart County, Magnolia — 875 — Early Gunpowder Mill
Two miles east on Lynn Camp Creek John Courts built, 1811-12, first commercial gunpowder mill in the State of Kentucky. Located near two large springs that furnished power to grind the charcoal made on site. Mixed with saltpeter and sulphur, finer . . . Map (db m96818) HM
10 Kentucky, Hart County, Magnolia — 949 — Site, Aetna Furnace
Built in 1816, first iron furnace in western half of Kentucky. Salt and iron sought by early settlers. Charles Wilkins, Ruggles Whiting, and Jacob Holderman were partners in this furnace until 1826, when Holderman became the sole owner. Property . . . Map (db m96819) HM
11 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — "Boots" Randolph — June 3, 1927 - July 3, 2007
Internationally known saxophonist, Homer Louis "Boots" Randolph attended the old Munfordville High School on this site from 1942-1944. While here he played guitar and trombone. Randolph started playing saxophone as a high school senior in . . . Map (db m40027) HM
12 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — A Remarkable Kentucky Family
Side 1 This village's first postmaster and a charter member of Munfordville Presbyterian Church, John Thompson Street Brown (1793-1875) is the forbear of a remarkable and internationally known Kentucky family. William and Hannah Street Brown . . . Map (db m39985) HM
13 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — 2194 — Albery Allson Whitman
A noted 19th century African American poet, Whitman was born into slavery in Hart County on May 30, 1851. Self- educated, by age 22 he had published two books of poetry, Essays on the Ten Plagues and Other Miscellaneous Poems and Leelah . . . Map (db m174374) HM
14 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Amos' Ferry — 1798 - 1906
James Amos, one of the early settlers of the lands on the south bank of Green River, built what became known as the Amos Flatboat Landings in the 1790s - the north and south landings here, along with others at the mouths of Lynn Camp Creek and . . . Map (db m40020) HM
15 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Anthony Woodson Farm — Battle of Munfordville — September 14-17, 1862 —
Thomas Woodson received this farm as a land grant from Thomas Jefferson for service in the Revolutionary War. His son Anthony made his home on this site and developed a prosperous farmstead, considered one of the finest in the county. From his front . . . Map (db m40033) HM
16 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — 119 — Battle of Munfordville
Union forces commanded by Col. Wilder surrendered to Mississippi regiments of Gen. Bragg's army on September 17, 1862, following battle on the 14th. 50 killed and 307 wounded. Bragg evacuated Munfordville on 20th before Gen. Buell's forces arrived. . . . Map (db m40039) HM
17 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — 119 — Battle of Munfordville
Sept. 14-17, 1862 Mississippi regiments of Gen. Bragg's army defeated Gen. Buell's Union forces. 50 killed, 307 wounded. Confederates destroyed railroad bridge. Site of Fort Craig and Monument to Col. R.A. Smith 1500 ft. west.Map (db m41845) HM
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18 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Battle of Munfordville: Day 1 — Battle and Siege of Munfordville — Sunday, September 14, 1862 —
An “unauthorized and injudicious” attack ... General James R. Chalmers was sent by General Bragg as a vanguard to Cave City. There, Chalmers learned from Col. John Scott of a weak Union garrison at Munfordville. Eager for . . . Map (db m88251) HM
19 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Battle of Munfordville: Siege
When Braxton Bragg arrived at Green River, Cyrus Dunham had taken command of the Union garrison. The 15th had been spent clearing casualties from the field, but by the next day, gunfire erupted from Bragg’s advance guard, starting a day-long . . . Map (db m88347) HM
20 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Battle of Rowletts Station — December 17, 1861
Now a fight ensued such as seldom occurs … - Colonel August Willich, 32nd Indiana
In December 1861, Confederate General Thomas Hindman came from Bowling Green to probe the growing Union strength at . . . Map (db m216708) HM
21 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — 1504 — Battle of Rowletts Station
Four hundred yards west of this site, December 17, 1861, Colonel B.F. Terry, 8th Texas Cavalry, CSA, was killed. He was leading his Rangers in a charge against troops, formed in a hollow square, of the 32nd Indiana Volunteers under the command of . . . Map (db m88256) HM
22 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Carter-Dowling School / Teachers at "Colored" Elementary Schools of Hart County Circa 1950
Carter-Dowling School Upon closing its one room schools in 1950, the Hart County Board of Education constructed Carter-Dowling School, a consolidated elementary school for "colored" children of Hart County. The School was named for Daisie C. . . . Map (db m39983) HM
23 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — 879 — Church-Hospital
Munfordville Presbyterian Church, founded, 1829. In Sept., 1862, during siege of Munfordville, the Union Army commandeered this church for use as a hospital with nurses' quarters in house at left. Those who died in battle or of wounds, removed to . . . Map (db m39939) HM
24 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Civil War Monument
This monument is dedicated to those who lived, loved, worked, and fought here during the American Civil War, and especially to those who died here, far from home. May they find peace.Map (db m214815) WM
25 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Col Robt A Smith Monument
South 42° west and ninety poles distant is the place of the sacrifice of Col Robt A Smith and his regiment the Tenth Mississippi on Sep 14 1862Map (db m165645) HM
26 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Fort Craig — Battle and Siege of Munfordville — September 14 - 17, 1862 —
The mound on the hilltop before you is Fort Craig, a five-pointed earthen “star fort” that saw the fiercest fighting of the Civil War Battle and Siege of Munfordville, September 14-17, 1862. Forces of the 7th, 9th, and 29th Mississippi . . . Map (db m164109) HM
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27 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — 155 — Glen Lily — Reported missing
Built 1819-22 by Colonel Aylette Hartswell Buckner. Birthplace of his son, General Simon Bolivar Buckner (1823-1914), Confederate States Army Commander, Governor of Kentucky, 1887-1891, nominee for Vice-Presidency, 1896.Map (db m39940) HM
28 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — 2 — Hart County — Created Jan. 19, 1819 Named for — Capt. Nathaniel G. T. Hart —
1784 1815 Born 1784, Died 1813. Brought in childhood from Hagerstown, Md. to Lexington, Ky. Successful in both law and mercantile business. In 1812 raised and commanded Lexington Light Infantry; with his company went to Northwest Territory; . . . Map (db m39986) HM
29 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Hart County One-Room Schools — 1945-1946
(Side A) In 1945, Hart County had 67 One-Room Schools scattered throughout the county. These 67 schools served students in grades first through eighth. Not quite a decade later, all One-Room Schools in Hart County had been closed. At . . . Map (db m174340) HM
30 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Hart County War Memorial — Remembering the Sacrifices of War
World War I John L. Burd • Leon Shipp • Daniel Hodges • Noah White • Charles W. Ard • Willie Mardis • Ernest E. Stinson • Walter T. Chaney • Sim L. Russell • Evans Butts • Eugene S. Jones • Willie D. Wright • Montie E. Bale • Pete Nunn • . . . Map (db m39988) WM
31 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — 1236 — Hart County, 1819
The 61st formed in Kentucky, from parts of Hardin, Barren counties. Home of the Buckners. Simon Bolivar Buckner, graduate of West Point, captain in Mexican War, CSA general in the Civil War, governor of Kentucky, 1887-91, candidate for US . . . Map (db m39987) HM
32 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — 1390 — Henry Clay Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Henry Clay Furnace Built 7Ό miles east in 1832 by Aylette Hartswell Buckner, S.V. Leedom, Cadwallader Churchill. A stone stack about 35 ft. high, 9 ft. across at widest inside, it burned charcoal fuel to produce pig iron and utensils from . . . Map (db m39942) HM
33 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — John Ireland — Governor of Texas
John Ireland, was born on January 1, 1827 to the marriage of Patrick Ireland and Rachel Newton, Irish immigrants, who lived in the Copelin Valley, 12 miles northwest of Munfordville. Around 1841 Ireland moved to Munfordville to work as a stable . . . Map (db m174372) HM
34 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — John Muir & Robert Munford
On September 1, 1867, John Muir, the noted American naturalist, started his walk from Indianapolis to Cedar Keys on the Gulf of Mexico. In his book, A Thousand Mile Walk to the Gulf, Muir recounts his visit to Munfordville. "September 5 - . . . Map (db m39982) HM
35 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Kentucky and the Western War — Western Theater, 1861-1862
Other than by navigating the Mississippi River, the only way for armies west of the Appalachians to move from north to south was through Kentucky. Kentucky's rivers and railroads tempted commanders from both sides in spite of the state's declared . . . Map (db m40036) HM
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36 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — L&N Railroad Bridge — Constructed 1857-1859
By 1857, the Louisville & Nashville Railroad lacked only one connection for through trains to travel between the two cities—a bridge over Green River. Irish stonecutters John W. Key and sons were hired for two years to construct the piers that . . . Map (db m88353) HM
37 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — 2160 — L&N Railroad Bridge
The railroad bridge over the Green River stands a quarter mile to the southwest. Constructed 1857-59 by engineer Albert Fink, the bridge was at the time the largest iron bridge in the United States, with a total length of 1,800 ft. Stonemasons John . . . Map (db m40028) HM
38 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Living on the Land — Early Uses
When humans first came to the Green River valley thousands of years ago, they quickly learned how to make use of the native trees, shrubs, grasses and flowering plants. From accounts by the first European settlers, we know that they used dugout . . . Map (db m40026) HM
39 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Michael Louis Burd
Side A Michael Louis Burd, son of Mike and Laura Burd, attended 8 years of school at Munfordville Elementary School and 4 years at Hart County high School before graduating in 1989. Michael was a two-time All-State player for the Raiders . . . Map (db m214818) HM
40 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — 1235 — Morgan Inducted - CSA
On site, 1200 feet west, stood the church, his headquarters, where Gen. John Hunt Morgan and 84 of his men were formally sworn in, October 27, 1861, as the second Cavalry Regiment, Kentucky Volunteers, CSA. Formerly part of the Lexington Rifles, . . . Map (db m40030) HM
41 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Munfordville in the Civil War
The small, unassuming county-seat village of Munfordville, founded on an old buffalo crossing and home to a well-known tavern, could claim pride of place in 1860 as the spot where the L&N Railroad crossed the Green River, over what whas then the . . . Map (db m39984) HM
42 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Noel "Tick" Rogers
Side A Noel "Tick” Rogers, son of Noel and Lenda Rogers, attended 8 years of school at Munfordville Elementary School and 4 years at Hart County High School, graduating in 1992. Tick was a two- time All-State player for the Raiders and led . . . Map (db m214819) HM
43 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — 204 — Old Munford Inn
One block west stands a log inn built on a pioneer trail in 1810 by Thomas Munford, brother of founder of Munfordville. Among the many distinguished guests was Gen. Andrew Jackson in 1829 enroute to his inauguration as seventh president of USA.Map (db m39989) HM
44 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Pontooniers! — 1861 - 1865
As useful as Munfordville's small ferry was, it couldn't meet the needs of whole armies. As soon as General Alexander McDowell McCook's army arrived at Green River in the fall of 1861, soldiers immediately began building flat-bottomed boats to . . . Map (db m40019) HM
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45 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Remembering the Sacrifices of War
World War I John L. Burd • Leon Shipp • Daniel Hodges • Noah White • Charles W. Ard • Willie Mardis • Ernest E. Stinson • Walter T. Chaney • Sim L. Russell • Evan Butts • Eugene S. Jones • Willie D. Wright • James W. Wilson • Montie E. Bale . . . Map (db m214816) WM
46 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Return of the Natives
Centuries past, before central Kentucky became settled, a great swath of grassland and savannah stretched from the Ohio River down into Tennessee. Pioneers established Munfordville right in the middle of it. As settlement expanded, these "barrens" . . . Map (db m40021) HM
47 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — 656 — Rowlett's Station
In fall of 1861, Federals planned move into Tenn, by the Cumberland River and, under General D.C. Buell, by land through here. CSA wrecked important bridge over Green River Dec. 10, to block USA move. Union force under Col. A. Willich sent to . . . Map (db m88163) HM
48 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Stanley W. Cottrell Jr
Stanley W. Cottrell. Jr. son of Stanley and Ida Belle Sharp Cottrell, went to Munfordville Elementary School and graduated from Munfordville High School in the class of 1961. He began his running career by winning the 100 yard dash at the 1959 . . . Map (db m214817) HM
49 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — Texas Memorial
(Front Side) Texas Remembers the valor and devotion of its sons who served with distinction on Kentucky battlefields during the Civil War. At Houston, Texas, during August and September 1861, Benjamin Franklin Terry and Thomas . . . Map (db m88166) HM WM
50 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — The Great Buffalo Crossing — Before 1790
The American Bison brings the Wild West to mind, but when Europeans arrived in Kentucky, buffalo were spread throughout the Commonwealth. John Filson wrote, in 1784: "The amazing herds of buffaloes which resort thither, by their size and . . . Map (db m40018) HM
51 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — The L&N Turnpike — 1830s - 1930s
The Louisville and Nashville Turnpike was established in the 1830s, following an ancient path used by herds of buffalo, by Native American peoples, and early European settlers. It followed the Phillips Trace, one of a handful of pioneer roads . . . Map (db m40017) HM
52 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — The Pump Tower — Circa 1915
When a town was settled, the settlers most often chose the site because of a nearby crossroads, or, more importantly, because of nearby natural resources - especially water. Town founder Richard Munford had the best of both here, with the easy . . . Map (db m40023) HM
53 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — The Raider — Morgan and his Raiders — Woodsonville, 1861 —
The arrival of Federal troops into Lexington, Kentucky in fall 1861 prompted Lexington native John Hunt Morgan to assemble a band of 17 armed men on horseback to support the Southern cause. The "Lexington Rifle" then rode into south central Kentucky . . . Map (db m40038) HM
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54 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — The Smith Monument — Dedicated September 17, 1864 — Battle for the Bridge Historic Preserve —
Coming to America from Scotland in the year 1884, Mr. James Smith, brother of Col. Robert A. Smith, visited the battlefield at Munfordville and purchased land on which he contracted to have erected a massive and costly monument in honor of his . . . Map (db m165647) HM
55 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — The Texas Rangers — Battle of Rowletts Station — December 17, 1861 —
Organized in Houston in 1861 by Kentucky-born Texas sugar planter Benjamin Franklin Terry, the 8th Texas Cavalry would be better know throughout the Civil War as “Terry’s Texas Rangers”—though Terry was himself among the first . . . Map (db m88165) HM
56 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — The Woodson Farm — Battle for the Bridge Historic Preserve
Anthony Woodson's fields and woods felt the ravages of war. Yet before and after, and even during the strife, the daily life of a central Kentucky farmstead carried on. As you wander the paths of the Woodson farm and visit the house, keep your . . . Map (db m40034) HM
57 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — 2171 — Thelma Hawkins Stovall — 1919-1994
Front Born in Munfordville, Ky., Thelma began working at Brown and Williamson Tobacco Co. at 15 to help her family during the Depression. There she met L.R. Stovall; they married in 1936. Thelma studied at UK, EKU and LaSalle Extension . . . Map (db m40016) HM
58 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — William Boone's Grave
Side A In the winter of 1780, Daniel & Rebecca Boone and their young son, William, (b. June 20, 1775) camped at the Ebb & Flow Spring near Green River, 4 miles east of here. The Boones were hunting and trapping as they did every winter for . . . Map (db m41844) HM
59 Kentucky, Hart County, Munfordville — William Clark and Family
In the fall of 1809, William Clark was summoned to Washington from St. Louis by President Madison to discuss the governance of the Louisiana Purchase Territories, which he had explored with Meriwether Lewis during the Jefferson administration. . . . Map (db m39981) HM
60 Kentucky, Hart County, Three Springs — 1002 — Joseph A. Altsheler — Reported missing
Author, newspaperman. Wrote more than 40 books based on American history and designed especially for young people. A native of Three Springs, educated at Glasgow, Ky., and Vanderbilt Univ. On staff of the Louisville Courier-Journal, 1885-92; joined . . . Map (db m54730) HM
61 Kentucky, Hart County, Three Springs — 1414 — Last Recorded Indian Raid
In Oct. 1792, ten Indians attacked party of travelers at Oven Spring. Two men and one woman were killed, a girl and a woman captured, five pack horses taken. Settlers under leadership of Capt. William Edgar pursued raiding party four days, overtook . . . Map (db m41544) HM
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Jun. 3, 2023