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Historical Markers in Livingston County, Kentucky

 
Clickable Map of Livingston County, Kentucky and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Livingston County, KY (27) Crittenden County, KY (14) Lyon County, KY (21) Marshall County, KY (14) McCracken County, KY (149) Hardin County, IL (11) Massac County, IL (25) Pope County, IL (6)  LivingstonCounty(27) Livingston County (27)  CrittendenCounty(14) Crittenden County (14)  LyonCounty(21) Lyon County (21)  MarshallCounty(14) Marshall County (14)  McCrackenCounty(149) McCracken County (149)  HardinCountyIllinois(11) Hardin County (11)  MassacCounty(25) Massac County (25)  PopeCounty(6) Pope County (6)
Smithland is the county seat for Livingston County
Adjacent to Livingston County, Kentucky
      Crittenden County (14)  
      Lyon County (21)  
      Marshall County (14)  
      McCracken County (149)  
      Hardin County, Illinois (11)  
      Massac County, Illinois (25)  
      Pope County, Illinois (6)  
 
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1 Kentucky, Livingston County, Grand River — 1368 — Grand Rivers Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Grand Rivers Furnace. Built ½ mile west, 1890-91, by the Grand Rivers Coal, Iron and Railroad Co. Two stacks, each one 60 ft high with a maximum inner diameter of 13½ ft., together could produce 45,000 tons of iron yearly, using . . . Map (db m47239) HM
2 Kentucky, Livingston County, Grand Rivers — Grand Rivers Iron FurnaceWith Two Sixty-ton Charcoal Furnaces
During the late 1800's iron created a boom in Kentucky, and the discovery of iron ore in the Grand Rivers area attracted Thomas Lawson and the Grand Rivers Company to the area. The company owned 18,000 acres of mineral lands, 3,000 acres of . . . Map (db m244272) HM
3 Kentucky, Livingston County, Joy — A Changed LandscapeMantle Rock Preserve — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
At the time of early settlement, Kentucky looked very different than it does today. Over two million acres of the state were native prairie, maintained through the use of fire by American Indians over thousands of years. Exclusion of fire, . . . Map (db m174681) HM
4 Kentucky, Livingston County, Joy — A Winter CampMantle Rock Preserve — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
"We found them in the forest camped for the night by the road side under a severe fall of rain accompanied by heavy wind. With their canvas for a shield from the inclemency of the weather, and the cold wet ground for a resting place, after the . . . Map (db m174684) HM
5 Kentucky, Livingston County, Joy — Exploring Mantle RockMantle Rock Preserve — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Hiking Trail Map You are invited to walk along the same path the Cherokee traveled in 1838-1839. Retracing the Trail of Tears During that harsh winter, 11 detachments containing more than 10,000 Cherokee passed through this area, . . . Map (db m174657) HM
6 Kentucky, Livingston County, Joy — Imagine the SceneBerry's Ferry and the Trail of Tears
Over 1,400 Cherokee men, women, and children from Peter Hildebrand's detachment spent two bitterly cold weeks camped in this area during the harsh winter of 1838-1839. The detachments ahead of them had successfully crossed the icy Ohio River, . . . Map (db m174648) HM
7 Kentucky, Livingston County, Joy — McGilligan CreekThe Nature Conservancy
The stream in front of you is a tributary to McGilligan Creek, a unique stream in western Kentucky. Most rivers and streams in this part of the state are muddy and full of sediments. McGilligan Creek, a rocky, clear-flowing stream with a . . . Map (db m174690) HM
8 Kentucky, Livingston County, Joy — Protect / Transform / InspireThe Nature Conservancy
Protect The story of Mantle Rock Nature Preserve begins with its rare and fragile sandstone glades, which inspired The Nature Conservancy to protect the area. Glades are characterized by low-fertility soils in which only certain species . . . Map (db m174695) HM
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9 Kentucky, Livingston County, Joy — The Original RouteMantle Rock Preserve — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Here, you leave the historic Trail of Tears original route. It turns to your right, across the creek onto private property, and continues to the Ohio River. The Cherokee crossed the river at Berry's Ferry, landing at Golconda. From there, they . . . Map (db m174687) HM
10 Kentucky, Livingston County, Joy — The Real Story of Mantle RockMantle Rock Preserve — Trail of Tears National Historic Trail, National Trails System —
Mantle Rock is the largest freestanding arch east of the Mississippi River. It is 188 feet long and 30 feet high. Some of the plants found here are not known to grow anywhere else in Kentucky. This very beautiful and historic place has many . . . Map (db m159929) HM
11 Kentucky, Livingston County, Joy — They Passed This WayBerry's Ferry and the Trail of Tears
Home to thousands of men, women, and children, the Cherokee Nation once spread across Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Alabama. The 1830 Indian Removal Act required that the Cherokee surrender their land and move west. In 1838, more . . . Map (db m174647) HM
12 Kentucky, Livingston County, Joy — They Passed This WayMantle Rock Preserve
"...we have Suffered a great deal...The roads are in very bad Order as the ground was frozen very deep...We have been lying by about two weeks...The [river] has been full of large quantities of floating Ice...we must calculate on suffering a . . . Map (db m174656) HM
13 Kentucky, Livingston County, Joy — Walk in Their Footsteps…Mantle Rock Preserve — Trail of Tears National Historic Trail, National Trails System —
"The Indians as a whole carry in their countenances every thing but the appearance of happiness. Some carry a downcast dejected look bordering on the appearance of despair…" - New York Observer, January 26, . . . Map (db m174677) HM
14 Kentucky, Livingston County, Joy — Witness to HistoryMantle Rock Preserve — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
This tree was only a seedling when the Cherokee paused here. Imagine the scene - it was a tree like this one that a weary Cherokee man sat against in a winter camp. His family struggled to make a simple, warm, resting place for his family elder, . . . Map (db m174682) HM
15 Kentucky, Livingston County, Salem — 1204 — Life of a County / Salem
This area was part of different counties as they were developed. 1780 Lincoln, county seat at Harrodsburg. One of 3 original Ky. counties 1792 Logan, county seat at Logan Court House now Russellville. 1797 Christian county seat at . . . Map (db m244270) HM
16 Kentucky, Livingston County, Smithland — 663 — A Civil War Base
Sept. 1861, Union forces occupied strategic Smithland. The junction of the Ohio and Cumberland Rivers became a rendezvous and staging area for troops and supplies in support of Gen. Grant's campaign against Fort Donelson. Two forts, on hills . . . Map (db m159503) HM
17 Kentucky, Livingston County, Smithland — 19 — Confluence of the Cumberland and Ohio Rivers — Kentucky Ohio River Civil War Heritage Trail —
The strategic importance of Smithland during the Civil War lies in its location at the confluence of the Cumberland and Ohio rivers. Smithland was also the place where river pilots were picked up to take boats upriver to Clarksville and Nashville. . . . Map (db m245376) HM
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18 Kentucky, Livingston County, Smithland — 801 — County Named, 1798
For Robert R. Livingston, 1746-1813 N.Y. provincial convention 1775; Continental Congress 1775-77, 1779-81; one of the committee to draft the Declaration of Independence. Sec. of Foreign Affairs, 1781-83. Administered oath to Washington, first . . . Map (db m159390) HM
19 Kentucky, Livingston County, Smithland — 18 — Dallam-Bush House — Kentucky Ohio River Civil War Heritage Trail — Reported unreadable
This house was probably built by James L. Dallam, clerk of the county court, in the very late 1830s or early 1840s. While the courthouse was under construction Dallam used one of the front rooms as the court clerks office in 1842. The house has . . . Map (db m245384) HM
20 Kentucky, Livingston County, Smithland — 16 — Federal Commissary Building — Kentucky Ohio River Civil War Heritage Trail —
While its location was strategically important, Smithland was a small community at the outbreak of The War. The Federal military presence quickly demanded the construction of buildings to house the many departments that supported the operations of a . . . Map (db m245380) HM
21 Kentucky, Livingston County, Smithland — 767 — Jefferson’s Sister
Rocky Hill, one mile north, home of Lucy Jefferson Lewis, youngest sister, Thomas Jefferson author of Declaration of Independence and third president of U. S. She was born in 1752, Albemarle Co., Va. Came to Ky., 1808, with her husband Dr. . . . Map (db m170133) HM
22 Kentucky, Livingston County, Smithland — 15 — Livingston County Courthouse
(left side of marker) When Crittenden County was separated from Livingston County in 1842 the county seat for Livingston County was moved to Smithland from Salem. Planning and construction for this courthouse began that same . . . Map (db m159384) HM
23 Kentucky, Livingston County, Smithland — 1675 — Mantle Rock (1/2 Mile)
During winter of 1838-1839, the Cherokees were forced to leave their Smoky Mountain homes for Oklahoma territory. Mantle Rock, a 40-foot sandstone arch, was used for shelter on their "Trail of Tears." Since the icy Ohio River had no ferry traffic, . . . Map (db m136462) HM
24 Kentucky, Livingston County, Smithland — 17 — Methodist Church — Kentucky Ohio River Civil War Heritage Trail —
The Smithland Methodist Church was used as a warehouse and hospital by Union forces during the War. While its location was strategically important, Smithland was a small community at the outbreak of the War. Initially, existing buildings were . . . Map (db m245381) HM
25 Kentucky, Livingston County, Smithland — 938 — Ned Buntline / Gower House
Ned Buntline. Pen name of Edward Z. C. Judson, father of the dime novel, came to Smithland to publish his works; lived here in 1845. He brought fame to “Buffalo Bill” (William Cody) thru stories and promotion of his renowned . . . Map (db m170134) HM
26 Kentucky, Livingston County, Tiline — 1349 — Hopewell Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Hopewell Furnace. Also called Ozeoro, built ½ mile north in 1848 by Wm. L. Hiter, Wm. Lewis and Henry F. Given. A brick stack 30 ft. high, 9 ft. in maximum inner diameter, it was charcoal-fueled powered with air blast by steam. In 33 . . . Map (db m170127) HM
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27 Kentucky, Livingston County, Tiline — 1348 — Underwood Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Underwood Furnace. Built ¾ mile north in 1846-47 by James C. Sloo and Leonard White. It was a brick structure with a steam powered air-blast, using locally made charcoal fuel to produce pig iron from ore mined nearby. Iron was shipped by . . . Map (db m170130) HM
 
 
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Jun. 19, 2024