“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Bolivar County, Mississippi

Clickable Map of Bolivar County, Mississippi and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Bolivar County, MS (52) Coahoma County, MS (37) Sunflower County, MS (28) Washington County, MS (71) Chicot County, AR (16) Desha County, AR (14) Phillips County, AR (94)  BolivarCounty(52) Bolivar County (52)  CoahomaCounty(37) Coahoma County (37)  SunflowerCounty(28) Sunflower County (28)  WashingtonCounty(71) Washington County (71)  ChicotCountyArkansas(16) Chicot County (16)  DeshaCounty(14) Desha County (14)  PhillipsCounty(94) Phillips County (94)
Cleveland and Rosedale are both the county seat for Bolivar County
Adjacent to Bolivar County, Mississippi
      Coahoma County (37)  
      Sunflower County (28)  
      Washington County (71)  
      Chicot County, Arkansas (16)  
      Desha County, Arkansas (14)  
      Phillips County, Arkansas (94)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Alligator — 166 — Alligator Blues
Highway 61, "the blues highway," is lined with the birthplaces of blues, R&B, and gospel artists all along its route in Mississippi, and even small communities such as Alligator share in this proud musical legacy. Performers born or raised around . . . Map (db m154805) HM
2 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Alligator — Fred Coe1914~1979
Pioneer television producer was born in Dr. Wells' house, which once occupied this site. Coe shows such as "Marty", "The Trip to Bountiful", and "Days of Wine and Roses" set standards for 1950s live TV drama. Producer of stage and film hits "A . . . Map (db m154859) HM
3 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Benoit — 128 — Eddie Shaw
Blues saxophonist extraordinaire Eddie Shaw was born on a Stringtown plantation on March 20, 1937. He learned music at school in Greenville and performed in various local bands before moving to Chicago to join the Muddy Waters band. Shaw served as . . . Map (db m154795) HM
4 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Benoit — 101 — Eddie Taylor
(Front) Benoit native Eddie Taylor, an architect of the post-World War II Chicago blues genre, was renowned for his work both as a bandleader and accompanist. He was best known for shaping the distinctive sound of Jimmy Reed, a childhood . . . Map (db m154785) HM
5 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Benoit — William Fisher Johnson
In the early morning hours of March 31, 1912, William Fisher Johnson (1876~1916) helped rescue flood victims after swollen rivers and lakes in Bolivar County caused a levee break just south of Beulah. According to Walter Sillers, using his gas . . . Map (db m154838) HM
6 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Beulah — Christmas MoundMississippi Mound Trail
Christmas Mound is a single conical mound approximately ten feet in height. Archaeological excavations in 2013 determined that the mound was built in a single stage on top of an earlier midden deposit. The midden dates to ca. AD 400, but the age . . . Map (db m173987) HM
7 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Beulah — Doro Plantation Reported missing
On land received as payment of legal fees in the 1840s, Doro Plantation was established in the early 1850s by Charles Clark, a Confederate General and wartime Governor of Mississippi (1863-1865). Doro continued to thrive in the post-Civil War . . . Map (db m174022) HM
8 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Boyle — 5 — The Peavine
Front The "Peavine" branch of the Yazoo and Mississippi Valley Railroad met the Memphis to Vicksburg mainline at this site. From the late 1890s through the 1930s, the "Peavine" provided reliable transportation for bluesmen among the . . . Map (db m160438) HM
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9 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Cleveland — 9 — Amzie Moore — Mississippi Freedom Trail —
Front Returning home from WWII, Cleveland businessman Amzie Moore (1911-1982) became a principal architect of early civil rights activism as a founding member of the Mississippi NAACP and the Regional Council of Negro Leadership. . . . Map (db m90128) HM
10 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Cleveland — Amzie Moore Home
Amzie Moore (1911-1982), a local Civil Rights leader, built this house in 1941. An army veteran, Moore also worked for the U.S. Postal Service. After returning from WWII, Moore dedicated himself to the civil rights movement, co-founding the . . . Map (db m90074) HM
11 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Cleveland — Bolivar County Confederate MonumentC.S.A.
Front (East) To the memory of our Confederate Dead. 1861-65. Dead upon the field of glory Hero fit for song and story. Rear (West) Bolivar County's tribute to southern heroism. No nation . . . Map (db m90270) WM
12 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Cleveland — Bolivar County Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to the memory of those veterans who made the supreme sacrifice in the World Wars.Map (db m90465) WM
13 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Cleveland — 78 — Chrisman Street
Side 1 During the segregation era many towns in Mississippi had a particular street that served as the center of African American business and social life, catering not only to townsfolk but to farm hands and sharecroppers from the countryside . . . Map (db m170498) HM
14 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Cleveland — Cleveland
Named for President Grover Cleveland. Founded along Jones Bayou and Yazoo and Mississippi Valley R.R. in 1886. Downtown historic area listed in National Register of Historic Places in 1999.Map (db m90069) HM
15 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Cleveland — David R. Bowen
A Cleveland High School graduate, Bowen (D-Miss.) served five terms in Congress (1973-1983). As chair of the Cotton, Rice, and Sugar Subcommittee and a member of the House Agriculture, Foreign Affairs, and Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committees, . . . Map (db m89935) HM
16 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Cleveland — Delta Blues Inspires W.C. Handy
While leading his orchestra at a dance on this site c. 1905, Handy was unable to perform requested blues numbers. A local band stepped in and stole the show. "My enlightenment came in Cleveland. That night an American composer was born," he . . . Map (db m89932) HM
17 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Cleveland — 188 — Gospel Music and the Blues
Side 1 Despite their conceptual differences, gospel, the Sunday morning music of the church, and blues, the Saturday night music of the juke joint, share some of the same roots, influences and musical traits. Many African African singers have . . . Map (db m170501) HM
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18 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Cleveland — 192 — Grammy Museum® Mississippi
Side 1 The Los Angeles-based GRAMMY Museum’s decision to open a sister museum here in Cleveland in 2016 was a testament to Mississippi's rich musical heritage in blues, country, gospel, rock and other genres. Among Mississippi’s many GRAMMY . . . Map (db m170502) HM
19 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Cleveland — Hill Demonstration School
In 1926 the Hill Demonstration School opened for grades one through six, with kindergarten classes added in 1929. This laboratory-style school for Delta State student teachers had an initial enrollment of twenty-five and was housed in the basement . . . Map (db m90127) HM
20 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Cleveland — Margaret Wade
Lily Margaret Wade (1912-1995) was a standout on Cleveland High School’s girls basketball team and Delta State’s women’s basketball team. Compiling a CHS coaching record of 453-89-6, she began coaching the Lady Statesmen in 1973, winning the AIAW . . . Map (db m90125) HM
21 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Cleveland — The Cleveland Chinese Mission School
Founded in 1937 by parents, Cleveland First Baptist Church, and community leaders to provide an education for children of Chinese descent who were excluded from area schools by the 1927 US Supreme Court decision, Gong Lum v. Rice. Students . . . Map (db m90066) HM
22 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Cleveland — The Cleveland Depot
Four railroad depots have operated here since Cleveland was incorporated in 1886. The first depot—two Yazoo & Mississippi Valley RR cars tied together and parked on a side track—disappeared when a prankster hooked it to an outgoing . . . Map (db m89937) HM
23 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Cleveland — 173 — The Enlightenment of W.C. Handy
Front In W.C. Handy's famous account of his "enlightenment" in Cleveland, a ragged local trio was showered with coins after Handy's orchestra of trained musicians had been unable to similarly excite the crowd. In early manuscripts of . . . Map (db m90071) HM
24 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Cleveland — The Marshall Plan
A plan for relief of postwar Europe, suggested by Mississippi native Will Clayton, was first announced here May 8, 1947, by Under Secretary of State Dean Acheson at a meeting of the Delta Council.Map (db m90126) HM
25 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Duncan — Duncan
First settled in early 1850's by Col. James Brown. Named for an early settler, Robert Duncan, and incorporated in 1890. Andrew Jackson Donelson, nephew of Pres. Jackson, owned a plantation near here.Map (db m154858) HM
26 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Duncan — 185 — The Blues Legends of Duncan
(front) Duncan has earned its place in blues history as the birthplace or former residence of performers who achieved notoriety locally and around the world. The legendary Jimmy Reed lived on the nearby McMurchy plantation in his youth. . . . Map (db m154804) HM
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27 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Lamont — The Great Flood of 1927
After months of rainfall a swollen Mississippi River broke the levee at Mound Landing, some 2½ miles west, on April 21, 1927. The flood waters caused widespread destruction and loss of life in seven states. The breadth of the disaster focused . . . Map (db m154836) HM
28 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Merigold — 79 — Po' Monkey's
The rural juke joint played an integral role in the development of the blues, offering a distinctly secular space for people to socialize, dance, and forget their everyday troubles. While many such jukes once dotted the cotton fields of the Delta . . . Map (db m174021) HM
29 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Mound Bayou — AKA Mobile Health Project
From 1935 to 1942, Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority established mobile health clinics to provide medical care to black people in the Delta. Dr. Dorothy Ferebee, a member of the sorority, was the project's director. Primarily based in Mound Bayou, the . . . Map (db m89762) HM
30 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Mound Bayou — AKA Mobile Health Project
Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. sponsored its first mobile health initiative, the Mississippi Health Project from 1935 - 1942. Dr. Dorothy Ferebee, a member of the sorority, was the project director. Ida Jackson was the . . . Map (db m90149) HM
31 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Mound Bayou — Delta Health Center1967
First rural community health center in the United States Opened by Tufts University as Tufts Delta Health Center Third health care facility in Mound Bayou Serves as a much needed health resource for the poor and . . . Map (db m90509) HM
32 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Mound Bayou — Friendship Clinic1948
United Order of Friendship of America opened Friendship Clinic under the leadership of Dr. T. R. M. Howard Second medical facility in Mound Bayou Renamed Sarah Brown Hospital Renamed Mound Bayou Community Hospital . . . Map (db m90501) HM
33 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Mound Bayou — Mound Bayou Reported permanently removed
Largest U.S. Negro town; settled July 12, 1887 by ex-slaves of Joe Davis, who conceived idea before Civil War: Isaiah T. Montgomery (member of 1890 state convention) & his cousin, Benjamin T. Green.Map (db m89761) HM
34 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Mound Bayou — Mound Bayou
Former slaves Isaiah T. Montgomery and Benjamin T. Green founded Mound Bayou on July 12, 1887, as a cooperative, self-governed African American community. They purchased land from the Louisville, New Orleans, and Texas Railroad Company. Incorporated . . . Map (db m162022) HM
35 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Mound Bayou — 161 — Mound Bayou Blues
Front Music has been one of the many facets of African American culture proudly nurtured by the community of Mound Bayou, ranging from blues and R&B in cafes, lounges, and juke joints to musical programs in schools, studios, and . . . Map (db m90065) HM
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36 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Mound Bayou — Newton (Keys) Hotel Site
First hotel built in the Village of Mound Bayou "In the matter of sanitary surroundings, in the way of rooming arrangements, and culinary excellence with the matter of dining, the service at the Newton Hotel will satisfy the mostly . . . Map (db m90470) HM
37 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Mound Bayou — Site of Mound Bayou Oil Mill & Manufacturing Company(Cottonseed Oil) — 1912 —
Organized by Charles Bank Building dedication led by Booker T. Washington More than 15,000 attended dedicatory event Constructing Architect: Thomas W. Cook Construction Foreman: W. H. CookMap (db m90504) HM
38 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Mound Bayou — 8 — T.R.M. Howard — Mississippi Freedom Trail —
Mound Bayou businessman and physician Theodore Roosevelt Mason Howard (1908-1976) founded and led Mississippi's pre-eminent civil rights organization in the 1950s, the Regional Council of Negro Leadership. A charismatic speaker and mentor to . . . Map (db m90148) HM
39 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Mound Bayou — Taborian Hospital1942
International Order of Twelve Knights and Daughters of Tabor, Inc. opened Taborian Hospital under the leadership of P. M. Smith Second oldest hospital for Blacks in Mississippi First hospital in Mound Bayou Placed on the . . . Map (db m90467) HM
40 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Rosedale — Grace Episcopal Church
Built in 1879, this vernacular Carpenter Gothic structure is the oldest extant church in Bolivar County. Congregation organized by 1875 under Bishop Wm. M. Green. Listed in Register of Historic Places.Map (db m154854) HM
41 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Rosedale — 138 — Hot Tamales and the Blues
(front) In his 1936 recording “They’re Red Hot,” bluesman Robert Johnson employed the imagery of a tamale vendor to describe a woman. Made of corn meal and meat, the tamale was a staple in the diet of Mexican migrant laborers in . . . Map (db m154799) HM
42 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Rosedale — Mildrette Netter
A native of Bolivar County, Mildrette Netter was born in 1948. A graduate of West Bolivar High School, she excelled in sports, especially track and field. At Alcorn State University, she earned a track scholarship. During the 1968 Summer Olympics in . . . Map (db m154855) HM
43 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Rosedale — 6 — Rosedale
(front) Rosedale was immortalized in Robert Johnson's 1937 recording Traveling Riverside Blues. In 1968, Eric Clapton's group Cream incorporated the verse "Goin' down to Rosedale" into their version of Johnson's Cross Road . . . Map (db m154800) HM
44 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Rosedale — Rosedale Courthouse
Bolivar County's second brick courthouse stood here, 1889 to 1923, when foundation gave was to flood seep-water. First brick courthouse, at Prentiss, was destroyed in 1862 by Federals & later covered by Miss. waters.Map (db m154840) HM
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45 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Rosedale — To Memorialize Bolivar County's First Two Brick CourthousesPrentiss 1858 - 1862 • Rosedale 1889 - 1923 — Historic Marker —
The town of Prentiss and courthouse were shelled by gunboats by Federals in 1862. Ruins, buried 100 years by river sand, exposed by caving bank 1954. Later caved into the river. The Memorial was made of bricks from Prentiss Courthouse Ruins. The . . . Map (db m154883) HM
46 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Scott — 69 — Mississippi River Blues: The 1927 Flood
Front Blues singers have recorded many songs in response to natural disasters, none more dramatic than those about the great flood of the Mississippi River that inundated much of the Delta after the levee broke just 2-3/4 miles west of . . . Map (db m160437) HM
47 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Shaw — 8 — Honeyboy Edwards
David "Honeyboy" Edwards, born in Shaw in 1915, took to the road as a teenager accompanying Big Joe Williams and became a true "rambling" bluesman. Later Edwards traveled with other artists, including Robert Johnson. Edwards recorded blues for the . . . Map (db m170687) HM
48 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Shelby — Decker-Malatesta Post 0113
In Honor & Memory of all Deceased Veterans who made the Ultimate Sacrifice so that we might live in peace..... PFC Denzil M. Decker: US Marines who lost his life September 18, 1944 while landing on Palau Island in the Pacific. Denzil was 19 . . . Map (db m154857) WM
49 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Shelby — 97 — Henry Townsend
(front) Henry Townsend, the only blues artist to have recorded during every decade from the 1920s to the 2000s, was born in Shelby on October 27, 1909. A longtime resident of St. Louis, where he was hailed as a patriarch of the local blues . . . Map (db m154802) HM
50 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Shelby — The Shelby Depot
This site witnessed the opening by rail in 1884 of Miss.'s last frontier, the Delta. The depot, built ca. 1901 by the Yazoo & Miss. Valley R.R., became a public library in 1977 and Miss. Landmark in 1988.Map (db m154856) HM
51 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Waxhaw — 117 — Otis Clay
Otis Clay, one of America’s premier singers of soul and gospel music, was born in Waxhaw on February 11, 1942. His storied journey to international renown began at the age of four at the Tree of Life Missionary Baptist Church here, where he attended . . . Map (db m174025) HM
52 Mississippi, Bolivar County, Winstonville — 96 — Harlem Inn
The Harlem Inn, known as “The Showplace of the South,” was once the Delta’s most important venue for touring national blues performers. B. B. King, Little Milton, Bobby “Blue” Bland, Howlin’ Wolf, Tyrone Davis, and T-Bone Walker were among the many . . . Map (db m170496) HM
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Jun. 6, 2023