“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers in Churchill County, Nevada

Clickable Map of Churchill County, Nevada and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Churchill County, NV (41) Lander County, NV (25) Lyon County, NV (49) Mineral County, NV (14) Nye County, NV (71) Pershing County, NV (16) Washoe County, NV (94)  ChurchillCounty(41) Churchill County (41)  LanderCounty(25) Lander County (25)  LyonCounty(49) Lyon County (49)  MineralCounty(14) Mineral County (14)  NyeCounty(71) Nye County (71)  PershingCounty(16) Pershing County (16)  WashoeCounty(94) Washoe County (94)
Fallon is the county seat for Churchill County
Adjacent to Churchill County, Nevada
      Lander County (25)  
      Lyon County (49)  
      Mineral County (14)  
      Nye County (71)  
      Pershing County (16)  
      Washoe County (94)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Nevada, Churchill County, Austin — 111 — Edwards Creek Valley
Replacement Marker Abundant grass and brush found near springs and intermittent streams in Edwards Creek Valley were important ecological areas for Native Americans. Shoshone Indians wandered seasonally to gather wild seeds and small . . . Map (db m67146) HM
2 Nevada, Churchill County, Austin — 135 — New Pass Station
In 1861, the rocks composing the walls of this stage station and freighter stop were in neat rows and roofed with bundles of willow. It was one part of "Stagecoach King" John Butterfield's Overland Mail & Stage Company Road Systems, which at the . . . Map (db m67145) HM
3 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — Beachfront PropertyGrimes Point Archaeological Area
On the mountain slopes in the distance, you can see a series of horizontal lines or terraces etched into the side of the range. These beach lines are left by waves of ancient Lake Lahontan. Over 12,000 years ago, the lake reached a maximum depth of . . . Map (db m165833) HM
4 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — CR-13 — Carson Trail - Junction Wagon & Pack Routes
"We continued on following the river. The main road leaving the river for 12 miles. Over a strip of desert without grass or water the road along the river being a pack route and impracticable for wagons" - Calvin Taylor, Sep 17, 1850Map (db m159073) HM
5 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — CR-12 — Carson Trail - Ragtown
" a collection of tents and canvass shanties, where a tolerable meal can be had at one dollar a head. Whiskey is sold, cards are played, gambling pretty extensively carried on and hay sold" - Henry Sheldon Anable, Sep 1, 1852Map (db m159072) HM
6 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — CON-27 — Central Overland Trail - Cold Springs Station
"Passing out of the canyon we went up [Edwards Creek] Valley between two ranges of mountains ... to Cold Springs where we ... prepared for crossing the sixty mile desert by cutting grass and fillings our kegs with water" - Lumin A. Scott, Aug 29, . . . Map (db m159358) HM
7 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — 161 — Churchill County Courthouse
Churchill County was created by the Territorial Legislature in 1861 but attached to Lyon County for judicial and revenue purposes. Churchill County was organized in 1864 and La Plata served as county seat. In 1868, it was moved to Stillwater, . . . Map (db m69686) HM
8 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — 17 — Churchill County Courthouse10 W. Williams
In 1903, Senator Warren Williams introduced a bill allowing the county seat to be moved from Stillwater to Fallon. The courthouse was constructed at its present location that same year. The wooden-framed structure of Neo-Classical design was . . . Map (db m70512) HM
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9 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — Ensuring SuccessGrimes Point Archaeological Area
According to anthropologists, many hunter-gatherer societies, such as those who lived here, had a spiritual leader called a shaman. During the hunt, the shaman was called on to perform rituals to ensure success. One theory is that some of the . . . Map (db m165835) HM
10 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — 202 — Fairview1905 - 1917 — 1-1/2 Miles South —
Fairview was part of the renewed interest in mining. Triggered by the strikes in Tonopah and Goldfield. Discoveries in 1905 of a rich silver float led to a boom that lasted through 1906 and 1907. A substantial town that boasted 27 saloons, hotels, . . . Map (db m67147) HM
11 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — Fairview Peak Earthquake Faults
When the energy from pressure built up underneath the Earth's thin crust is suddenly released, an earthquake occurs. At first the crust may just bend. But if the stress is great enough, the rocks will break and "snap" to a new position. This usually . . . Map (db m62121) HM
12 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — 27 — Grimes PointPrehistoric Rock Art Site
Grimes Point, one of the largest and most accessible petroglyph sites in northern Nevada, contains about 150 basalt boulders covered with petroglyphs. Nevada petroglyphs were of magico-religious significance in insuring the success of large game . . . Map (db m127115) HM
13 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — Grimes Point Archaeological AreaOne of the Most Significant Archaeological Sites in the Great Basin
[side 1] The Cattail-Eater People (Toidikadi) Stillwater Marsh is located in the basin northwest of Grimes Point. When the first non-native explorers entered the area, it was the home of the Northern Paiute people, known as the . . . Map (db m165830) HM
14 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — Helicopter Antisubmarine Squadron Four Crash Site
On this site, while participating in a training exercise, five U.S. Navy men from Helantisubron Four N.A.S. North Island, California were killed when their SH-3 Sea King helicopter crashed at 1245 on 22 March 1978 HS-4 Black Knights LT C.O. . . . Map (db m192607) HM
15 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — 215 — Lahontan Dam
Lahontan Dam, completed in 1915, is the key feature of the Newlands Irrigation Project which has turned Lahontan Valley into one of Nevada's most productive farming and ranching areas. With completion of the dam's powerhouse, the electrical energy . . . Map (db m89515) HM
16 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — Lasting ImpressionsGrimes Point Archaeological Area
The crater-like depressions and elongated grooves, seen on the boulder before you, possibly date back 7,000 years or more. This "Pit and Groove" petroglyph style is believed to be the oldest at Grimes Point. Depressions were made by striking the . . . Map (db m165831) HM
17 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — Measuring Earthquakes
Scientists measure the force of an earthquake in several ways. The Richter Scale and the Modified Mercalli Scale are the two methods most often used to gauge an earthquake's strength and magnitude. The Richter Scale provides an . . . Map (db m62122) HM
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18 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — 263 — Oats Park School
The Oats Park School was designed in 1914 by Frederick J. DeLongchamps, Nevada's pre-eminent architect of the period. He was also responsible for the 1921 north and south wing additions. This building is one of his earliest, and perhaps, first, . . . Map (db m69683) HM
19 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — 24 — Old Post Office90 North Maine
In 1929, this building was deemed a magnificent improvement to the city. Built to U.S. Postal Service standards, this brick structure features massive single doors on either end of a vestibule that protects the inside from the elements. Carved . . . Map (db m142625) HM
20 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — 271 — Pony Express Route1860 - Sesquicentennial - 2010
One hundred and fifty years ago, the Pony Express was founded by W. H. Russell, Alexander Majors and William B. Waddell, operators of the Overland Stage Line of Leavenworth, Kansas. During a visit to Washington, Mr. Russell was urged by California . . . Map (db m69681) HM
21 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — 19 — Ragtown
Ragtown was never a town, but the name of a most welcome oasis and hamlet. This mecca on the banks of nearby Carson River received its name from the appearance of pioneer laundry spread on every handy bush around. The Forty-Mile Desert, . . . Map (db m180202) HM
22 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — Rock Art & Game TrailsGrimes Point Archaeological Area
Rock art in the Great Basin has often been linked to prehistoric game trails. While this seems strange for this barren scene, consider what this area was like thousands of years ago. Grimes Point would have been a peninsula surrounded by water, and . . . Map (db m165834) HM
23 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — 83 — Rock Creek(Cold Springs Station)
Replacement Marker Rock Creek was an important stagecoach stop on the Overland Mail Stage Company's historic line along the Simpson route between Salt Lake City and Genoa, Nevada, which was operated by John Butterfield (1861-1866) and . . . Map (db m67144) HM
24 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — 10 — Sand Mountain
Sand Mountain, dominating the Salt Wells Basin, is a prominent landmark in Nevada's early history. The Northern Piute know it as Kwazi, the name of the snake that inhabits the dune, its backbone forming the crest of the mountain. Captain James . . . Map (db m69653) HM
25 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — Sand Mountain Pony Express StationA Practical Design
Two small rooms at the southwest end of the station were originally one large room and shared a common wood floor. The wall which now separates the two rooms was built on top of the floor some time later. The center room was probably used for . . . Map (db m127117) HM
26 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — Styles of the PastGrimes Point Archaeological Area
While petroglyphs were etched or scratched into the rock surface, pictographs were painted, using natural materials as pigments. One of the oldest petroglyph styles can be seen as circular and wavy lines and may be almost 3000 years old. The . . . Map (db m165832) HM
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27 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — Swift Steeds Tie East to West
"The Mail Must Go Through" From April 3, 1860 to November 21, 1861, mail was delivered by the Pony Express between St. Joseph, Missouri and Sacramento, California. It was a relay system between 190 stations along the route. A fresh horse was . . . Map (db m142572) HM
28 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — 1 — The Brothers of E.C.V.
Want it known that in the State of Nevada.... This site is dedicated not for it’s historical significance, but for the significance of the genuine gold diggers of Western history... the working girls who made a man forget the back breaking work . . . Map (db m90814) HM
29 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — The Pony ExpressApril 1860 to October 1861
     Competing with time, distance, harsh climate, and hostile Indians, the Pony Express carried important communications from the East and the West across 2,000 miles in only 10 days.      The "Pony," as it was called, is an outstanding . . . Map (db m67142) HM
30 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — T-3 — Truckee Trail - Forty Mile Desert
"Long before sunrise our teams were on the trail marching forward on the desert. Very little to note save the dust & brightness of the glittering sand. Now & then a grave, little donage & dead stock." - John Clark of Virginia, Aug 21, 1852Map (db m149414) HM
31 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — 110 — Wagon Jack Shelter
The ten foot wide flat at the base of the cliff is the site of Wagon Jack Shelter. The name comes from the Shoshone Indian, Wagon Jack, who camped here about 1900, while working on an Eastgate Ranch. He was a leader of Indian rabbit drives in Smith . . . Map (db m69650) HM
32 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — What Are Those Rocks Out There?
Sand Springs Deserved its Name The rocks you see in front of you were once Sand Springs Pony Express Station. The Pony Express ended in November 1861, but this Station was used as a stopover for freight wagons until the late 1800s. It laid . . . Map (db m142573) HM
33 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — Williams Station
Little known at the time, except as a stage stop, Williams Station was destined to be remembered in Nevada history as the incident that ignited the Pyramid Lake War of 1860. Williams Station was named for three brothers, James O., Oscar, and . . . Map (db m168508) HM
34 Nevada, Churchill County, Fallon — 201 — WonderHistoric Mining Camp — 1906 - 1919 — Reported missing
text from: Nevada State Historic Preservation Office Located 13 miles to the north is the camp of Wonder, a major mining center in the early years of the twentieth century. Thomas J. Stroud and several others made the first locations in . . . Map (db m69651) HM
35 Nevada, Churchill County, Hazen — 178 — Hazen
Hazen was named for William Babcock Hazen, who served under General Sherman in his "March to the Sea." The town, established in 1903 to house laborers working on the Newlands Irrigation Project south of here, included hotels, saloons, brothels, . . . Map (db m42328) HM
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36 Nevada, Churchill County, Lovelock — 147 — A Home of Early Man
Stretching before you are two vast sinks, terminal areas of the Humboldt and Carson River drainage systems. The marshey remnant of Lake Lahontan, between you and the distant Humboldt Range, served as a life sustaining resource of wildlife for . . . Map (db m67352) HM
37 Nevada, Churchill County, Lovelock — About Your Journey ...
Whichever direction your travels take you, you're going to have a similar experience to what the California-bound emigrants had. You're going to see the same country, except for the towns and the ranch meadows. The big difference, though, is that . . . Map (db m67359) HM
38 Nevada, Churchill County, Lovelock — 26 — Forty Mile Desert
The 40 Mile Desert, beginning here, is a barren stretch of waterless alkali wasteland. It was the most dreaded section of the California Emigrant Trail. If possible, it was traveled by night because of the great heat. The route was first . . . Map (db m67348) HM
39 Nevada, Churchill County, Lovelock — Traveling Through Hell
Look at the barren country south of here just beyond this Rest Stop. This is the Forty-Mile Desert--a barren stretch of waterless alkali wasteland. It was the single-most dreaded section of the entire California Trail from the banks of the Missouri . . . Map (db m67357) HM
40 Nevada, Churchill County, Middlegate — CON-30 — Central Overland Trail - Westgate Station
"We left camp at 6 this morning passed through Middle and West Gate This kanyon that these passes or gates are in is the most beautiful one we passed through yet we have not traveled only 15 miles to day." - Elizabeth Duncan Oct 4, 1867 . . . Map (db m155193) HM
41 Nevada, Churchill County, Middlegate — Middlegate Station
Middlegate was named in 1850 by James Simson as he mapped the route for the Overland Stage Company. In his journal he writes that he thought the cuts in the mountains looked like 'gates' so he named each cut Westgate, Middlegate, and Eastgate to . . . Map (db m89452) HM
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Feb. 28, 2024