Great cliffs of red sandstone form the southern boundary of the San Juan basin. The strata that are exposed here are the gently upturned edge of the structural basin which contains coal, uranium, oil and gas resources. The Zuni mountains to the . . . — — Map (db m124576) HM
In 1880, a paymaster for the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, David L. Gallup, established headquarters along the construction right-of-way of the southern transcontinental route. The railroad workers began "going to Gallup" to get their pay; thus a . . . — — Map (db m184302) HM
101 North Third Street (circa 1887)
Adequate transportation has been the answer to successful business entrepreneurs in the Gallup area as early as the late 1880's. Clinton N. Cotton, a shrewd Yankee trader and businessman, concluded that . . . — — Map (db m184301) HM
Miners hand-loaded coal cars, like this one, deep underground. Several cars hitched together were called a "trip." When full, a "trip" of coal cars were hoisted to the surface and dumped into larger railroad cars. The "hoist" and cars displayed here . . . — — Map (db m184317) HM
Long a major trading center for the Navajo and Zuni Indians living in communities north and south of the town. Gallup emerged in 1881 from a railroad construction camp. It is named for David Gallup, who in 1880 was paymaster for the Atlantic & . . . — — Map (db m36541) HM
Gallup, New Mexico, the Indian Capital of the World is known as the epicenter of Native American history, art, culture and tradition in the southwest.
Europeans, Asians, and Mexicans came to build the railroad, and many stayed on to mine coal. . . . — — Map (db m184299) HM
Gallup has some of the Southwest's largest trading posts and one of the best strips of neon signs you'll see anywhere on old Route 66," boasts the website Road Trips USA.
Neon signs are part of Gallup's heritage and once the calling card . . . — — Map (db m184303) HM
One by one new brick buildings changed the look for downtown Gallup. Railroad Avenue had to keep pace with the eastern style buildings being erected along Coal Avenue. Maroon glazed tile became the sign of storefront modernization. With the . . . — — Map (db m184296) HM
This machine is a "hoist" used to bring a "trip" of coal cars to the surface. The hoist is basically a large winch using cable attached to the "trip" to hoist it the surface. This hoist was used from the 1890s to the 1950s. Coal mined in Gallup was . . . — — Map (db m184316) HM
This memorial was erected in memory of the young individuals who went to war as kids and lost their youthful dreams, and some their lives, for a cause – freedom and honor – and came back as men with the horrors of war instilled in every . . . — — Map (db m36559) HM
Established September 28, 1922
In August, 2011 Gallup played host to the 90th Inter-Tribal Indian Ceremonial where, Native Americans from across the United States participate in a massive celebration and display of their culture. The Indoor . . . — — Map (db m184300) HM
218½ West Historic Highway 66 (circa 1895)
One of Gallup's oldest standing buildings housed activities for nearly one-half a century modeling a significant course for early development of this railroad and mining opportunity.
Kitchen's . . . — — Map (db m184298) HM
In 1864 during a period of destabilization among U.S. settlers, Spanish inhabitants and Native Americans, the Navajo and some Apache were singled out by the U.S. government as responsible for raiding. Thousands of Navajo people were forcibly marched . . . — — Map (db m148698) HM
This is the greatest highway project in America!... read the headline in the April 15, 1927 edition of the Gallup Independent. From Chicago to Los Angeles the "Main Street of America" would be U.S. 66. The National Old Trails Highway was on the . . . — — Map (db m184294) HM
This mural shows the Navajo Code Talkers, U.S. Marines in World War II, who defended this country with the sacred Navajo language, bringing the Code Alphabet home from war to the future generations as a symbol to perpetuate the Navajo language and . . . — — Map (db m148699) HM
Donated to the City of Gallup
on December 16, 1986
(The Caviggia, Petranovich and Smith Families)
The Rex Hotel
has been placed on the
National . . . — — Map (db m236477) HM
Centuries before Gallup's founding in 1881 this was a region of interweaving native cultures, Navajo, Hopi and Zuni. Resources of coal, timber, railroads and trading attracted settlers who created a city of increasing cultural diversity.
We . . . — — Map (db m148758) HM
The Zuni Pueblo is 40 miles south of Gallup. Zuni land-use area, which included what is now Gallup, has been inhabited since 1,000 BC. By 1350 AD agriculture was fully developed and there were approximately 36 active Zuni pueblos. The Spanish . . . — — Map (db m148701) HM
Emma Estrada (1933-1997) Emma Estrada was a partera, or midwife, for over thirty years. She delivered more than seven hundred babies during an era when mothers in rural, sparsely populated areas had no choice but to deliver at home. She . . . — — Map (db m236331) HM
This area contained many Indian pueblos dating from about A.D.
500 to 1325, when it was abandoned. Navajos settled here by
1800. This was the home of Manuelito, one of the last of the
chiefs to surrender for confinement at the Bosque Redondo . . . — — Map (db m162257) HM
The first Fort Wingate was established near San Rafael in 1862, to serve as the base of Col. Kit Carson's campaigns against the Navajos. In 1868 the garrison was transferred to the second Fort Wingate near Gallup. In that same year, the Navajos . . . — — Map (db m36538) HM
The six original Zuni pueblos were the legendary "Seven Cities of Cibola" sought by Vasquez de Coronado in 1540. They were abandoned during the Pueblo Revolt, and the present pueblo was settled in 1699 after the Spanish reconquest. In 1970 Zuni . . . — — Map (db m36582) HM
The six original Zuni pueblos were the legendary "Seven Cities of Cibola" sought by Vasquez de Coronado in 1540. They were abandoned during the Pueblo Revolt, and the present pueblo was settled in 1699 after the Spanish reconquest. In 1970 Zuni . . . — — Map (db m36584) HM
The Zuni Olla Maidens are an all-women's group renowned for their skill and ability to balance fragile water jars or ollas on their heads. Historically, Zuni women collected water in ollas from nearby springs for everyday use. Today, they perform in . . . — — Map (db m36580) HM