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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Thunder Bay District, Ontario

 
The Mission of the Immaculate Conception 1849 Marker image, Touch for more information
By Cosmos Mariner, June 10, 2022
The Mission of the Immaculate Conception 1849 Marker
1 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Fort William First Nation — The Mission of the Immaculate Conception 1849
In 1849 two priests of the Society of Jesus, Father Jean-Pierre Choné and Father Nicholas Frémiot, established the Mission of the Immaculate Conception on the Kaministiquia River. From there the Jesuits travelled the north shore of Lake Superior on . . . Map (db m199599) HM
2 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Kakabeka Falls — The Kaministikwia Route
This chain of rivers, lakes and portages linking the St. Lawrence system with the waterways of the prairies had been known to the Indians for centuries when Jacques de Noyon first travelled it in 1688. After 1800, when the boundary settlement had . . . Map (db m106543) HM
3 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Kakabeka Falls — The Mountain Portage
This portage around Kakabeka Falls formed a link in the historic Kaministiquia canoe route connecting Lake Superior with Lake of the Woods and the West. First recorded in 1688 by the French explorer Jacques de Noyon, it was later abandoned in . . . Map (db m106547) HM
4 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Nipigon — Consumers Co-op Store
In 1920, a group of Nipigon residents formed the Consumers Co-op store to try to control rising food and clothing prices. For the sum of five dollars, an individual could buy one share in the co-op. The store opened in 1926, and served the . . . Map (db m222197) HM
5 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Nipigon — Flanagan House
This house built in French Provincial style using a post and beam construction may well be the oldest residence in Nipigon. All the ceilings, walls, and floors are made with tongue-and-groove hardwood. The original insulation was birch bark and . . . Map (db m222201) HM
6 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Nipigon — Hudson's Bay Company
With the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1885, trading and commerce began to shift away from the river to the railway due to increased efficiency and cost competitiveness. By 1898, Hudson Bay Company replaced the river post with a new . . . Map (db m222220) HM
7 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Nipigon — Municipal Office and Jail
The shop where high school students buy corsages for their dates in 2002 is the very building that housed those on the wrong side of the law at the beginning of the last century. When the Township of Nipigon became incorporated in 1909, the . . . Map (db m222199) HM
8 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Nipigon — Revillon Brothers
This site has a rich history with many successful businesses owned by such well-known people as Hogan, the Revillon Brothers, Sanderson, Gentile and Defazzio, Zechner and Everett. The Revillon Brothers Limited established one of the first stores . . . Map (db m222219) HM
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9 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Nipigon — The Nipigon Café
Located right on the old Trans Canada highway is the Nipigon Cafe, an outstanding example of classic art moderne and a fixture on the scene since the 1930s. Sandy and Lilly Kuorikoski, the original proprietors operated a garage at this location . . . Map (db m222196) HM
10 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Nipigon — The Nipigon Inn
The Nipigon Inn has been a fixture on the main street for more years than anyone can remember. It is unclear what year the hotel was constructed, but early photos show that the original inn may have been built in the early part of the 20th century. . . . Map (db m222221) HM
11 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Nipigon — The Nipigon River Drives
Men, machines, water and wood came together in 1900 but it was 1938 before any company was able to drive the entire length of the Nipigon River. From 14,000 cords then to as much as 400,000 cords later, pulp wood has journeyed downstream to the . . . Map (db m222198) HM
12 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Nipigon — The Old Nipigon CP Railway Station
The Old Nipigon CP railway station, built in 1929, existed on mid-Front St. It was demolished in Oct. 1982 despite a valiant effort to save it by a local committee. ‘Racing the train’ July 16, ‘92Map (db m222200) HM
13 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Nipigon — The Ovilio Hotel
Here is the site of the Ovilio Hotel. For 59 years, descendants of the Gentile Family kept the establishment going originally began by Dominic and Maria Gentile in the early 1920s. The establishment first started with the construction of living . . . Map (db m222218) HM
14 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Schreiber — Japanese-Canadian Road Camps1942-1944
During the Second World War, the federal government forcibly evacuated Canadians of Japanese ancestry from the coast of British Columbia. In the spring of 1942, several hundred young men were sent to Ontario to help build the Trans-Canada Highway. . . . Map (db m107384) HM
15 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Schreiber — Schreiber World War I Memorial
Arthur Birch • Christopher Christopher • Willard C. Daniels • Walter Davidson • Charles L. Edmunds • William E. Farley • Clen Hulme • Alexander L. McKenzie • Sidney Marple • Clifford Pope • Frederick T. Riley • Stanley C. Reed • Ambrose St. Jean • . . . Map (db m195907) WM
16 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Schreiber — Sir Collingwood Schreiber1831-1918
This community, originally known as Isbester's Landing, was named in 1885 after Collingwood G. Schreiber. Born at Bradwell Lodge, near Colchester, England, Schreiber emigrated to Canada West in 1852. His training in England as a civil engineer . . . Map (db m107382) HM
17 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Terrace Bay — Glacial Terraces
About 20,000 years ago Ontario was covered by a great glacier, the fourth glaciation in this region within the past million years. The meltwaters from these gigantic ice-sheets filled the Lake Superior basin and progressively developed new drainage . . . Map (db m107567) HM
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18 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — 17 Court Street N.Designated Heritage Property
The Court Street Fire Hall, built in 1906, was designed by Port Arthur Architect, Thomas Hanley. The brick two-storey structure was designed for horse-drawn fire wagons with access provided by four round-arched wooden doors. A one-storey tower at . . . Map (db m227985) HM
19 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — 425 Donald Street EastDesignated Heritage Property
This Edwardian-style building was designed by Robert E. Mason, and constructed by Michael Braden in 1910 as a court house and police station combined. The placement of the two pilasters on the façade creates the impression that four columns exist . . . Map (db m227965) HM
20 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — 9,000 Years
Origin Stories The rock, the water, the oral traditions of the First Nations: Each tells its own tale about the origins of this shoreline site, but all speak of a place that is ancient. Geologists talk in terms of glaciers. The first . . . Map (db m227996) HM
21 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Black Bay BridgeDesignated Heritage Property 1989
Constructed in 1912 by Seaman and Penniman, this single span bridge was designed by Joachim Antonisen to harmonize with the beauty and grandeur of the landscape. Featuring arch ribs and open spandrels, its unadorned functionalism and use of . . . Map (db m195890) HM
22 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — C.D. Howe(1886-1960)
The dynamic "Minister of Everything", Massachusetts-born Clarence Decatur Howe immigrated to Canada in 1908 and established an engineering firm in Port Arthur in 1916. Elected to the House of Commons in 1935, he was a dominate figure in Liberal . . . Map (db m107352) HM
23 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Canadian Car & FoundryLa Canadian Car & Foundry
"Can Car" was the main plant of Canada's largest aircraft manufacturer during the Second World War. Here, workers built 1,451 of the reliable Hawker Hurricanes that won renown in the battle of Britain and 835 Curtiss Helldivers, significantly . . . Map (db m106692) HM
24 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Canadian Navy
Thunder Bay’s Stone Frigate Her Majesty's Canadian Ship Griffon was launched modestly, in a leased garage a few blocks from this waterfront with its White Ensign flying from a tree trunk felled in the bush. But from the start, . . . Map (db m227989) HM
25 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Canadian Northern Railway StationDesignated Heritage Property — Ontario Heritage Act 1974 —
Joining rail and water transportation, this station, which was built in 1905 at Port Arthur and which formed the end of the line from Winnipeg, was designed in what was commonly called the Canadian Railway style by Winnipeg architect, R.B. Pratt. . . . Map (db m227999) HM
26 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Central SchoolDesignated Heritage Property
Designed by Robert J. Edwards, the school was erected in 1884. In 1901, an eight-room classroom structure, designed by C.W. Wheeler, was added. The two-storey brick structure has a symmetrical facade and the straightforward design is ornamented . . . Map (db m195889) HM
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27 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Col. Elizabeth Smellie 1884-1968
This celebrated Canadian army nurse and public health authority was born in Port Arthur. In 1909 "Beth" Smellie became night supervisor at McKellar General Hospital. Joining the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps in 1915, she served in France and . . . Map (db m106976) HM
28 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Connaught Square
This square was named in 1936 for Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, third son of Queen Victoria. He was serving in Canada with his regiment in 1870, when Colonel Wolseley named Prince Arthur's Landing (later Port Arthur) in his honour. Created Duke . . . Map (db m107067) HM
29 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Cummins Site
At least 9,000 years old, the Cummins site is one of the most significant of several Palaeo-Indian archaeological sites that form the Lakehead Complex. Many of these early seasonal camps were located on the shoreline of ancient Lake Minong, at a . . . Map (db m106858) HM
30 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Elizabeth Muriel Gregory "Elsie" MacGill(1905-1980)
Elsie MacGill made remarkable contributions to aeronautical engineering by introducing mass-production techniques for the Hawker Hurricane built here during the Second World War and later by developing international air-worthiness regulations. . . . Map (db m106696) HM
31 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Fort Kaministiquia 1717
A small fort was established near here in 1717 by a French officer, Zacharie Robutel de la Nouë. First of a projected series of bases en route to the "Western Sea", it replaced a structure built in 1679 by Daniel Greysolon, Sieur Dulhut, on another . . . Map (db m106760) HM
32 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Fort William
In aboriginal times the Kaministikwia river was an important link between the Great Lakes and the northwest, and from the late 17th century French posts here at its mouth served as bases for the penetration of the interior. Between 1804 and 1821 . . . Map (db m106755) HM
33 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Fort William
When the boundary settlement of 1783 placed its major inland depot, Grand Portage, in U.S. territory, the North West Company was forced to seek a new site on British soil. Following the reopening of the Kaministikwia route a new post, later named . . . Map (db m106757) HM
34 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Historic Church
It was here on June 11, 1923, that the General Assembly of The Presbyterian Church in Canada, after two days of vigorous debate, voted decisively in favour of the Presbyterians uniting with the Methodists and the Congregationalists to form the . . . Map (db m227975) HM
35 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Historic Tyndall Stone
This historic stone was embossed with the letters C.P.R. in 1907 for display under the peak of the roof of the Canadian Pacific Railway Station at Port Arthur. Commonly called Tyndall stone, it is dolomitic limestone weighing 1500 pounds and comes . . . Map (db m228000) HM
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36 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Industry
Cathedrals, Pyramids and Hospitals Canada's famous photographer Yousuf Karsh called them cathedrals. Europe's most influential architects compared them to the pyramids. At one time, there were 29 grain elevators on this waterfront. . . . Map (db m227991) HM
37 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Lakehead University
In response to a brief from Lakehead educators and business representatives outlining northwestern Ontario's need for an institution of higher education, a provincial Order-in-Council established the Lakehead Technical Institute in 1946. Two years . . . Map (db m106857) HM
38 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Mariners
Paddling to the Depot Bark peeled from a birch tree felled in spring. Cedar branches, tamarack roots, spruce pitch, and charcoal. From those materials, the first mariners of Lake Superior — the ancestors of the present-day First . . . Map (db m227995) HM
39 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Port Arthur
[English] On Thunder Bay just north of Fort William, engineer Simon Dawson established the eastern terminus of the Canadian government's proposed land and water route connecting Lake Superior and the Red River, for . . . Map (db m199597) HM
40 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Port Arthur Collegiate InstituteDesignated Heritage Property
Designed by Henry Simpson of Toronto with George H. Otto, general contractor, this structure was built in 1909 with classrooms being added in 1925, 1954, and a new gymnasium in 1972. The original design has medieval and Flemish architectural . . . Map (db m195886) HM
41 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Red River Road
The First Highway to the West Continents and oceans, geography and history, the Great Lakes and the inland waterways: they all meet here, on this waterfront, at the mouth of a river called the Kaministiquia. The name has been . . . Map (db m227997) HM
42 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Simon James Dawson1820-1902
Born in Scotland, Dawson emigrated to Canada as a young man and began his career as a civil engineer. In 1857 as a member of a Canadian government expedition, he surveyed a line of road from the Lakehead to Fort Garry and in 1858-59 further . . . Map (db m106859) HM
43 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Sir William C. Van Horne1843-1915
Born in Chelsea, Illinois, Van Horne, after a brilliant career with a number of railway companies in the mid-western United States, accepted the position of general manager of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1881. Construction of this pioneer . . . Map (db m107350) HM
44 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Terrance Stanley FoxJuly 28, 1958 - June 28, 1981
"Dreams are made if people only try. I believe in miracles... I have to... Because somewhere the hurting must stop." Terry Fox inspired this nation with his dream - his MARATHON OF HOPE - a cross-Canada run to raise money for cancer research. . . . Map (db m107355) HM
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45 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Terry Fox(1958-1981)
While in remission from cancer, Terry Fox set out to run across Canada in 1980 to raise money for cancer research. Despite having lost his right leg to the disease, this determined athlete ran 5,373 kilometres - nearly a marathon a day for 143 . . . Map (db m107354) HM
46 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — The Capture of Fort William
In 1812, the Earl of Selkirk settled dispossessed Scottish highlanders on Red River valley lands granted by the Hudson's Bay Company. The HBC's rival in the fur trade, the North West Company, feared the new colony would block its trade and . . . Map (db m106761) HM
47 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — The Major Christopher Patrick John O'Kelly, VC Armoury
This Armoury is dedicated to the memory of Major Christopher Patrick John O'Kelly, VC, MC of the 52nd (New Ontario) Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force. The then Captain O’Kelly was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions at the Battle of . . . Map (db m227998) HM WM
48 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — The Ottawa HouseDesignated Heritage Property
The “new” Ottawa House was rebuilt on this site in 1888, after fire had destroyed two wooden hotels built earlier in the decade. A major addition was made in 1901, with the architectural detailing carefully matched. The façade features ornate . . . Map (db m227961) HM
49 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — The Reverend Richard Baxter, S.J., 1821-1904
Born in Carlisle, England, Baxter came to Canada as a child. He studied in Toronto and at the Sulpician College in Montreal before becoming, reputedly, the first English-speaking Jesuit novice in Canada. After his ordination in New York in 1854, he . . . Map (db m107065) HM
50 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — The Western Route of the C.P.R.
In June, 1875, the first sod on the Canadian Pacific Railway's line from the Lakehead to the West was turned at Fort William. A government contract of that year called for the building of a line northwest towards Lake Shebandowan. In 1882 the . . . Map (db m106758) HM
51 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Thunder Bay Public Library
The Thunder Bay Public Library came into being following the amalgamation of Fort William and Port Arthur in 1970. Prior to this, each city had its own library system. Both libraries emerged in the late 1800s and grew into strong community and . . . Map (db m195870) HM
52 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Thunder Bay Tourist Pagoda
This tourist kiosk was erected in 1909 to promote Port Arthur's social and economic merits to visitors and investors. Its eye-catching architecture and strategic location reflect civic boosterism and the city's rivalry with nearby Fort William . . . Map (db m107068) HM
53 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Trinity Centennial1871-1971
A century ago, in November 1871, upon part of this site in what was then known as Prince Arthur’s Landing, Methodism came into existence in this area by the establishment of Providence Methodist Church, the first Protestant church in the territory. . . . Map (db m199600) HM
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54 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Union of the North West and Hudson's Bay Companies
In the late eighteenth century, most of the fur traders using the Ottawa River-Great Lakes canoe route into the interior of North America belonged to the North West Company, which used Fort William as its inland headquarters. To the north, the . . . Map (db m96414) HM
55 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — Whalen Building34 Cumberland Street North — Designated Heritage Property —
Built in 1913, this magnificent eight story "skyscraper" was commissioned by James Whalen and designed by Brown and Valance of Montreal to resemble the Chicago Style and promote the City of Port Arthur as the "Chicago of the North." The exterior . . . Map (db m195872) HM
56 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Thunder Bay — William McGillivray1764-1825
Born in Inverness-shire, Scotland, McGillivray joined the North West Company in 1784, became a partner in 1790 and its principal director in 1804. Fort Kaministiquia, the Company's wilderness headquarters, was renamed Fort William in his honour in . . . Map (db m106759) HM
57 Ontario, Thunder Bay District, Township of Golding — The Arctic Watershed
North of this watershed all flowing water eventually reaches Hudson Bay, while south of it all watercourses form part of the Great Lakes drainage system. The height of land follows an erratic course of some 1,400 miles across Ontario, ranging from . . . Map (db m106542) HM
 
 
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Dec. 1, 2023