“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Callahan County, Texas

Clickable Map of Callahan County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Callahan County, TX (44) Brown County, TX (30) Coleman County, TX (36) Eastland County, TX (47) Jones County, TX (35) Shackelford County, TX (59) Taylor County, TX (90)  CallahanCounty(44) Callahan County (44)  BrownCounty(30) Brown County (30)  ColemanCounty(36) Coleman County (36)  EastlandCounty(47) Eastland County (47)  JonesCounty(35) Jones County (35)  ShackelfordCounty(59) Shackelford County (59)  TaylorCounty(90) Taylor County (90)
Baird is the county seat for Callahan County
Adjacent to Callahan County, Texas
      Brown County (30)  
      Coleman County (36)  
      Eastland County (47)  
      Jones County (35)  
      Shackelford County (59)  
      Taylor County (90)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — 88 — Admiral Baptist Church
Organized in 1881 with nine charter members, this church first served pioneer settlers of the Admiral community. Services were conducted in a family log cabin, under brush arbors, or in local schoolhouses until members built a sanctuary here near . . . Map (db m79872) HM
2 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — Admiral Cemetery Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to the Veterans in Admiral Cemetery Ables, Loy C. • Bowen, James Lindy • Bowen, Ray Joe • Cargile, Thomas Ray • Davis, W.K. ★ • Eastham, J.E. ★ • Eubanks, George F. • Gibbs, George C. • Hansen, Ralph E. • Hargrove, Buel . . . Map (db m79871) WM
3 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — Baby Treaty Oak
Planted on April 26, 2003, this oak tree is a direct offspring from the famous Treaty Oak in Austin, Texas where Stephen F. Austin is reputed to have signed the treaty establishing the boundary between the Native Americans and the first Anglo . . . Map (db m80851) HM
4 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — 360 — Belle Plain
First official county seat of Callahan County, 1877 - 1883. The first unofficial county seat was Callahan City where the commissioners court was organized, July 30, 1877, and several civil and probate cases filed. By an invalid election, October . . . Map (db m79092) HM
5 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — Belle Plaine Cemetery
Deed for cemetery dated Dec. 10, 1884. Texas and Pacific Railway Company conveyed through E.E. Solomon, County Judge. All of its right and title to citizens of Callahan County, nine acres, one and one half miles south of Belle Plaine for a cemetery. . . . Map (db m79081) HM
6 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — 361 — Belle Plaine Cemetery
Residents of the short-lived community of Belle Plaine were burying their dead at this site as early as 1878. Although the presence of unmarked graves suggests earlier possible usage, the oldest marked grave, that of sixteen-year-old Virgil Hill, . . . Map (db m79079) HM
7 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — 633 — Callahan City Cemetery
Established prior to the organization of Callahan County in 1877. Burial place of many pioneers who came here during era of Indians and great early ranches. Served people of such bygone towns as Admiral, Callahan City, and other neighboring . . . Map (db m79858) HM
8 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — 634 — Callahan County
Formed from Bexar Territory Created February 1, 1858 Recreated August 21, 1876 Organized July 3, 1877 Named in Honor of James H. Callahan, 1812-1856 Soldier in the Texas Revolution Captain of the Texas Rangers County . . . Map (db m80805) HM
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9 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — Callahan County Airport
Shortly after WWII, the first official Callahan County airport opened. Baird businessmen Ralph Ashlock and Earl Johnson leased this land from William H. Hardy where two decades earlier Mr. Hardy operated a county poor farm. With help from local . . . Map (db m79317) HM
10 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — 13799 — Callahan County Courthouse
The county seat moved from Belle Plain to Baird in 1883, and a courthouse, designed by noted architect F.E. Ruffini, was built at this site. The county hired another noted architect, J. Riely Gordon, in 1900 for a larger courthouse; J.E. Flanders . . . Map (db m80804) HM
11 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — Callahan County War Memorial
Dedicated to the Memory Of Those Men Who Gave Their Lives in the Service Of Their County to Preserve Our Freedom Sponsored by Baird Rebekah Lodge No. 112 Erected by Mr. & Mrs. W.J. Cross World War I Thomas H. . . . Map (db m80809) WM
12 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — 670 — Camp Pecan C.S.A. / Texas Civil War Frontier Defense
Camp Pecan C.S.A. This Civil War camp of the Texas Frontier Regiment was located 21 mi. southeast. Established in 1862 as one of a line of posts a days horseback ride apart. The number of men guarding the frontier were few. Trouble . . . Map (db m80810) HM
13 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — 709 — Captain Andrew Jackson Berry
Veteran of San Jacinto • Officer in the Confederate Army • Born in Indiana, May 16, 1816 • Died at Baird, Texas, July 31, 1899Map (db m80900) HM
14 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — 1610 — First Baptist Church of Baird
Organized in 1881 with nine charter members, this was the first Baptist church founded in the new town of Baird. Elder G.P. Johnson led worship services until the Rev. L.S. Knight was called as the first full-time pastor. After meeting in the town . . . Map (db m80766) HM
15 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — 1694 — First Callahan Jail
Built 1878, Belle Plaine. Baird citizens paid bill for removal here, 1883, after election contest. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1965Map (db m80778) HM
16 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — 1827 — First Presbyterian Church of Baird
Organized June 26, 1885, by six members of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, under the Rev. F.E. Leach. Town of Baird was then five years old.      In 1906, the Cumberland and “Northern” branches of the church were united.      The . . . Map (db m80765) HM
17 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — Historic National Bankhead HighwayEst. 1924
The Baird area was the mid-point of the first all weather two land highway from Savannah, Ga. to San Diego, California. The Naval Division Branch connected Washington D.C. to Norfolk, Virginia. Named for Alabama Senator John Hollis Bankhead, . . . Map (db m80819) HM
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18 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — 3378 — Military Telegraph Line
The United States Military Telegraph Line Established in 1874-1875 from Fort Griffin to Fort Concho, crossed hereMap (db m79316) HM
19 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — Pioneers
County Organized July 3, 1877 Named for James H. Callahan Ranger Captain and Indian FighterMap (db m80820) HM
20 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — Ross Cemetery
The Texas and Pacific Railway arrived December 4, 1880 and the town of Baird came to be. A burial ground was soon needed so 10 acres were reserved by E.H. Newton in 1881 and in 1887. Those 10 acres were deeded by James Evans Ross, thus the name . . . Map (db m80935) HM
21 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — 4729 — Site of Belle Plaine College
Early college of west Texas. Founded in 1881 by Methodist Church. Enrollment reached peak of 300 and students attended from throughout the region. College developed a superior course of study with special strength in music. It had an orchestra . . . Map (db m79093) HM
22 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — 4737 — Site of Callahan City
Callahan County was created in 1858 and named for Texas Ranger James H. Callahan (1814-56). Permanent settlement of this area began after the Civil War (1861-65). Residents petitioned in 1877 for organization of county government. Callahan City, . . . Map (db m79859) HM
23 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — Site of John D. Merchant Home
This building was the early home of the Merchant family, who later moved to Abilene. Clabe Merchant, twin-brother of John Merchant, becoming the founder of Abilene and naming it after the town in Kansas, at the end of the cattle trail at that time. . . . Map (db m79090) HM
24 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — 5241 — Texas & Pacific Railway Depot
The Texas & Pacific Railway arrived here in 1880, platting a town near the work camp of Matthew Baird, surveyor and engineer. In 1881, the T&P built a roundhouse and immigrant house, and moved a depot building to this new railroad division point. . . . Map (db m80779) HM
25 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — The Bankhead Highway
The Bankhead National Highway, from Washington, D.C. to San Diego, California, was the nation’s first all-weather, coast-to-coast highway. The southern road skirted the western mountains and was largely free from ice and snow, so it could be used . . . Map (db m80763) HM
26 Texas, Callahan County, Baird — 5831 — William Jeff Maltby(December 7, 1829 - June 27, 1908)
A native of Illinois, William Jeff Maltby gained fame as a frontiersman, veteran of the Mexican War and American Civil War and Texas Ranger. Maltby began his Texas exploits about 1850, building frontier forts for the U.S. Army. He retired to . . . Map (db m79083) HM
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27 Texas, Callahan County, Clyde — Alexander Charles Garrett Memorial
(Front Panel) Alexander Charles Garrett 33 Inspector General Honorary Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry This tablet erected by the Scottish Rite Masons of Dallas as a loving tribute to the memory of a great and . . . Map (db m78040) HM
28 Texas, Callahan County, Clyde — 923 — Clyde First Methodist Church
Organized in 1884, the Methodist congregation at Clyde met in private homes until their first church building was erected on this site in 1904. The white frame structure was replaced in 1936 by this sanctuary, built of stone donated by church . . . Map (db m80726) HM
29 Texas, Callahan County, Clyde — 1006 — Community of Clyde
Settlers began moving to this area when the Texas and Pacific Railroad completed its line in December 1880. Many located near the commissary of railroad crew foreman Robert Clyde, for whom the town is named. A post office was established in 1881. . . . Map (db m80724) HM
30 Texas, Callahan County, Clyde — 2069 — First Anglican Church Service in the Callahan Area
Alexander Charles Garrett (1832-1924), a native of Ireland, came to Canada as an Anglican missionary. Later he moved to San Francisco, and then to Omaha, Nebraska. In 1874 he was sent to Dallas as bishop of the Northern Missionary District of Texas. . . . Map (db m78039) HM
31 Texas, Callahan County, Clyde — Judge Walter Raleigh Ely
Born April 3, 1878, in Somerset, Ky., Judge Walter Raleigh Ely came to Callahan County with his parents in 1895. Largely self-educated, he entered the profession of law and had a distinguished career. He served as County Attorney and County Judge of . . . Map (db m79585) HM
32 Texas, Callahan County, Clyde — Judge Walter Raleigh Ely
Born April 3, 1878, in Somerset, Ky., Judge Walter Raleigh Ely came to Callahan County with his parents in 1895. Largely self-educated, he entered the profession of law and had a distinguished career. He served as County Attorney and County Judge of . . . Map (db m79586) HM
33 Texas, Callahan County, Clyde — 5406 — The Prew House
Typically Victorian in style. Built in 1906 by Frank X. Prew, who emigrated from Wisconsin in 1889, desiring to live in a young country. He began a small farm and worked on railroad.      Structure is mainly pine. The oak wainscoting downstairs . . . Map (db m80723) HM
34 Texas, Callahan County, Cross Plains — 1080 — Cottonwood Bank and Post Office
W.F. Griffin opened a bank about 1911 in this small frame building. With Griffin as a director, Paul Ramsey served as the first president. His duties included teller, cashier, loan officer and custodian. When the railroad bypassed Cottonwood, . . . Map (db m79976) HM
35 Texas, Callahan County, Cross Plains — 17769 — Cross Plains Cemetery
Situated on a flat area near the edge of town, the Cross Plains Cemetery is the final resting place for the town’s key leaders and families. The land, originally granted to James Knight, one of Stephen F. Austin’s original colonists, for service in . . . Map (db m79908) HM
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36 Texas, Callahan County, Cross Plains — 1995 — Fort Mason-Camp Cooper Military Road
1 mile east to Fort Mason-Camp Cooper Military Road Route for U.S. 2nd Cavalry and supplies from San Antonio to Fort Mason (about 100 mi. S. of here) to Camp Cooper (about 65 mi. N.) in campaigns of 1851-1861 against Plains Indians. Great . . . Map (db m69236) HM
37 Texas, Callahan County, Cross Plains — 1995 — Fort Mason-Camp Cooper Military Road
1 mile east to Fort Mason-Camp Cooper Military Road Route for U.S. 2nd Cavalry and supplies from San Antonio to Fort Mason (about 100 miles south of here) to Camp Cooper (about 65 miles north) in campaigns of 1851-1861 against Plains . . . Map (db m73345) HM
38 Texas, Callahan County, Cross Plains — 22560 — Home of Robert E. Howard
Adventure and fantasy writer (and creator of Conan) Robert Ervin Howard (1906-1936) moved in 1919 to this homesite with his parents, Dr. Isaac and Hester (Ervin) Howard. Robert E. Howard wrote hundreds of stories, spanning several genres, and . . . Map (db m201980) HM
39 Texas, Callahan County, Cross Plains — 17045 — Old Cottonwood Cemetery
For his military service with the Republic of Texas, George Washington Glasscock, Sr. (1810-68) received a land grant incorporating the future settlement of Cottonwood. His will conveyed this land to his daughter, Sarah Jane Glasscock Hall, whose . . . Map (db m79977) HM
40 Texas, Callahan County, Cross Plains — 4764 — Site of Cottonwood Springs
After Indians on High Plains were subdued (1874) by Gen. R.S. MacKenzie, settlers started to pour into this area, where they found abundant game, water, and good soil for ranching, farming. Cottonwood Springs, at head of Green Briar Creek, was one . . . Map (db m79978) HM
41 Texas, Callahan County, Lawn — 4030 — Pioneer Physician J.D. WindhamFeb. 13, 1816 - Jan. 11, 1901
Born in Alabama, moved to Texas 1839. Married Frances Monteith and had nine children. Was first doctor in Brown County, 1865; and in Callahan County, 1874; owned general store; planted county’s first orchard here in Tecumseh.Map (db m78968) HM
42 Texas, Callahan County, Putnam — 14336 — Atwell Cemetery
Before Callahan County organized, settlers built homes in this area. Many more families came after the arrival of the Texas and Pacific Railroad in 1880. A town was officially named in 1898 to honor U.S. District Attorney William Hawley Atwell. For . . . Map (db m79979) HM
43 Texas, Callahan County, Putnam — 573 — Burkett Pecan Tree
The original Burkett Pecan tree, bred from a native tree, 1900, by J.H. Burkett (1861-1945), Texas pecan industry leader. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark 1966Map (db m79314) HM
44 Texas, Callahan County, Putnam — 2499 — Hittson Ranch Headquarters on Battle Creek
Nearby Battle Creek was given its name in 1840 by a small band of men who had traveled to this area in search of hostile Indians. A fight took place near the creek when a raiding party attacked the group. Approximately twenty years later, cattleman . . . Map (db m79315) HM
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May. 28, 2023