“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Carson County, Texas

Clickable Map of Carson County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Carson County, TX (50) Armstrong County, TX (25) Donley County, TX (32) Gray County, TX (33) Hutchinson County, TX (37) Moore County, TX (11) Potter County, TX (75) Randall County, TX (54) Roberts County, TX (11)  CarsonCounty(50) Carson County (50)  ArmstrongCounty(25) Armstrong County (25)  DonleyCounty(32) Donley County (32)  GrayCounty(33) Gray County (33)  HutchinsonCounty(37) Hutchinson County (37)  MooreCounty(11) Moore County (11)  PotterCounty(75) Potter County (75)  RandallCounty(54) Randall County (54)  RobertsCounty(11) Roberts County (11)
Panhandle is the county seat for Carson County
Adjacent to Carson County, Texas
      Armstrong County (25)  
      Donley County (32)  
      Gray County (33)  
      Hutchinson County (37)  
      Moore County (11)  
      Potter County (75)  
      Randall County (54)  
      Roberts County (11)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Texas, Carson County, Groom — 886 — City of Groom
Founded 1902 by W. S. Wilkerson, local landowner, when Rock Island Railroad built west; named for Col. B. B. Groom, 1880s agent of Francklyn Land & Cattle Co. Col. Groom was first to try power farming on Plains. Town is today hub of rich farming . . . Map (db m100361) HM
2 Texas, Carson County, Groom — 1264 — Dr. Charles L. Fields(1858-1941)
Prominent pioneer dentist and farmer. As a boy, cut wood to support mother widowed in Civil War. Worked as carpenter for money to attend dental school in Chicago. Licensed 1890. Came to Canadian in 1903; Groom, 1916. Traveled at times to ranch . . . Map (db m100360) HM
3 Texas, Carson County, Groom — 5101 — State National Bank
Founded in 1904 as a private bank by John Walter Knorpp (1867-1952), member of an established banking family of Missouri, New Mexico, and Texas, and Eugene Sherwood Blasdel (1878-1930), oil and grain business developer of this region. In 1905 . . . Map (db m100358) HM
4 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 38 — 33rd Anniversary National Convention
The 33rd Anniversary National Convention, Men's Garden Clubs of America, meeting at Amarillo, June 14-17, 1965, formally recognized and paid tribute to the significance of Thomas Cree's little tree and to the memory of this heroic early gardener . . . Map (db m149796) HM
5 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 42 — 6666 Dixon Creek Ranch
Takes name from creek where noted buffalo hunter and scout Billy Dixon established first dugout home on High Plains, 1874. Ranch founded, 1882, by Francklyn Land and Cattle Co., English firm backed by Cunard Steamship Co. Fenced, 1884, . . . Map (db m93762) HM
6 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 2003000326 — Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Depot
Built in 1928 Listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m149693) HM
7 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 228 — Atchison, Topeka, & Santa Fe Railroad Depot
The 1920s oil boom brought increased business to this railroad town, and a new depot was built here in 1928. The structure exhibits elements of the Prairie School, Mission, and Tudor styles of architecture. Prominent features include bracketed . . . Map (db m55888) HM
8 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 632 — Callaghan Memorial Library
Named in honor of renowned pioneer family of Asbery A. Callaghan. Erected 1970 through bequest of local businessman H.J. "Friday" Hughes (1901-1968), son-in-law of Asbery Callaghan. In 1890 A.A. Callaghan came to Texas with his parents, the J.R. . . . Map (db m149696) HM
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9 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 736 — Carson County
Created 1876. Organized 1888. Named for Samuel Price Carson, Secretary of State, Republic of Texas. A pioneer county in oil and gas development. Panhandle, county seat, promised main lines of 3 railroads, was by-passed for Amarillo, yet . . . Map (db m55891) HM
10 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 737 — Carson County
Formed from Young and Bexar territories; created August 21, 1876, organized June 29, 1888. Named in honor of Samuel P. Carson 1798-1840, statesman of the United States and the Republic of Texas. Wheat, oil and gas contribute to its wealth. . . . Map (db m149695) HM
11 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 1046 — Conway Community Church
Residents of Conway, established 9 miles south of here in 1905, attended non-denominational services in a relocated schoolhouse until this union church building was completed in 1912. It became an important gathering place for the Conway community . . . Map (db m55900) HM
12 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — Eclipse Windmill Patented 1867
George Tyng, White Deer Lands, drilled first water well 1887 near present townsite White Deer after unsuccessful attempt in 1886 by Col. B. B. Groom, Francklyn Land & Cattle Company. Windmill indispensable factor in settlement plains of Texas. . . . Map (db m55896) HM
13 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 14176 — Farm and Ranch Building
. . . Map (db m154108) HM
14 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 1595 — Finch-Lord-Nelson and the Founding of Panhandle City
Cattle firm that had brought first Herefords to region — Lue Finch, W.H. Lord, O.H. Nelson — in 1887 promoted Panhandle City, as railroad line approached. They sent in ten cowboys to stake claims around city, which prospered as county . . . Map (db m55897) HM
15 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 14874 — First Baptist Church of Panhandle
First Baptist Church has served residents of Panhandle (originally Carson City later Panhandle City) Since the late 1800s. In 1897, the group at Baptist residences, under the direction of the Rev. William H. Younger, came together to organize a . . . Map (db m151530) HM
16 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 1860 — First Rotary Drilling Rig Used in Texas Panhandle(2.5 miles southeast)
In October 1923, W. T. Willis, J. E. Trigg, and H. D. Lewis, partners in one of Texas' largest drilling firms, broke ground at the S. B. Burnett 6666 Ranch with the first rotary drilling rig used in the Texas Panhandle. Success of this drilling . . . Map (db m93760) HM
17 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 1878 — First Tree Texas High Plains
First tree Texas High Plains, set front dugout home by Thomas Cree 1888. Good luck symbol of settlers through drouth, blizzard and heat. Cree's bois d'arc tree died in the 1970s. County residents planted a new tree here in 1990 as a memorial to . . . Map (db m201795) HM
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18 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 2304 — Gulf Burnett No. 2(Carson County Oil Discovery Well) — (1 mile southeast) —
The Panhandle's first oil well, Gulf Burnett No. 2, was struck by the Gulf Production Company on May 2, 1921, on the 6666 Ranch of S. B. Burnett. The prediction of oil in this area by U.S. geologists in 1904 and the discovery of natural gas nearby . . . Map (db m93761) HM
19 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 2765 — John A. Holmes(1886-1929)
Born in Mississippi; received law degree from University of Texas. Became county attorney of Roberts County. Elected district attorney of 31st Judicial District in 1922. In 1928, appointed district attorney of 84th District by Governor of Texas to . . . Map (db m150739) HM
20 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 3043 — Last Great Panhandle Cattle Drive to Montana
After 1880, each spring and summer many Texas herds went up the trail to northern states, for fattening. The trail thrilled and challenged cowboys, who went hungry, thirsty and saddle sore; bridged or swam the rivers; forded quicksand streams; . . . Map (db m55898) HM
21 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 18951 — Liberty Cemetery
Liberty Cemetery Established 1907 Historic Texas Cemetery - 2016 Marker is property of the State of Texas Map (db m228343) HM
22 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 3352 — Methodism in Panhandle
The town of Panhandle became an important stronghold for Methodism in this part of Texas in the late 19th century. The county's first congregation was the Northern Methodist, established in 1889. It was attended by residents of all faiths. A . . . Map (db m149697) HM
23 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 3714 — Old County BookmobileFirst "Inside Service" Bookmobile in Texas
In use, 1938-1957. Based at the county library on this site. A bright red, visible for miles, this first bookmobile in Texas was called "The Library Bus". It stopped at ranches, schools, oil camps; circulated 2,000 books a month; served in era of . . . Map (db m149694) HM
24 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 3939 — Oldest Bank in the Texas Panhandle
Second commercial bank opened in the Panhandle of Texas. Oldest in continuous service. Founded by James Christopher Paul, pupil of Sam Houston's son, lawyer Temple Houston. Early settlers throughout the High Plains area were among the first . . . Map (db m150735) HM
25 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 3926 — Panhandle
In 1880s, capital of Panhandle area. Settled when slaughter of buffalo sent Indians to live on reservations. Terminus of Santa Fe Railway, 1887. Here immigrant trains brought colonists, who plowed old Indian range into wheat fields and civilization. . . . Map (db m55889) HM
26 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 3928 — Panhandle "Herald"
Published since 1887. Oldest newspaper in the Texas Panhandle, second oldest business in the area. Founded by H.H. Brookes. Principal owner 1926-58, David M. Warren, oil man, banker, a Regent of the University of Texas. Don and Norene Peoples . . . Map (db m150737) HM
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27 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 3927 — Panhandle Cemetery
The oldest documented graves in this cemetery date to 1889, three years after the founding of Carson City (later renamed Panhandle), the first town in the county. Among those buried here are Civil War veterans and area pioneer families. Gravestone . . . Map (db m150738) HM
28 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 4028 — Pioneer Dugout
In the 1874-1888 era the High Plains (a sea of grass) had no native timber, stone, or adobe building materials. Homes were dugouts, or, if settlers' wagons went some 300 miles for lumber, half-dugouts. Dugouts were warm in winter, cool in summer. . . . Map (db m55895) HM
29 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 20 — Purvines Ranch Home
Built 1906-08 in land of lumber scarcity by Carroll and Kate Purvines, (from Illinois) of cement blocks they made by hand, using local sand. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1964 Map (db m228345) HM
30 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 54 — Quanah Parker TrailTexas Plains Trail Region
Quanah Parker Comanche Chief. Honored in Red River war exhibit Carson County Square House Museum Arrow sculptor: Charles A. SmithMap (db m154107) HM
31 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 5220 — Temple Lea Houston(August 12, 1860 - August 15, 1905)
Born in the Texas Governor's Mansion, the eighth and last child of Sam Houston (1793-1863) and his wife Margaret; educated at Baylor University, Texas A&M, and in a law office, Temple Houston came in 1881 to this region as district attorney for the . . . Map (db m55899) HM
32 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 3929 — Terminus of the Santa Fe RailroadPanhandle, Texas
Originally “Carson City”, town name was changed 1887 when this site appeared to be the future metropolis of the Panhandle: it was to be at the junction of Santa Fe (under name “Southern Kansas”) and Fort Worth & Denver City . . . Map (db m55863) HM
33 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 12767 — Texan Hotel
During the height of Carson County's oil boom in the 1920s, the major oil field supply houses headquartered in Panhandle, and lodging was in great demand. In 1926, Clark B. (d. 1946) and Margaret (d. 1967) Downs opened the Downs Hotel to help meet . . . Map (db m55890) HM
34 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 4702 — Texas Panhandle Pioneers: The Simms Brothers
Permanent citizens, forgers of local civilization. Walter Franklin (1869-1963), George Leonard (born 1875) and Dormer D. Simms (born 1884) moved to Texas in 1886 and to this county in the early 1900's. They arrived later than visiting hunters, . . . Map (db m55893) HM
35 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 2780 — The John F. WeatherlysTexas Panhandle Pioneers
Among first landowners in area. In 1898 started ranch 25 miles to the north. Ran country store, post office, phone exchange. Moved 1915 to Panhandle. The 1924 discovery of oil on their ranch led to the founding of Borger. They gave land to every . . . Map (db m150734) HM
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36 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 5023 — The Square House
The Niedringhaus brothers of St. Louis sent lumber by ox-cart from Dodge City and built this square house on their “N Bar N” Ranch here in Carson County in the mid-1880s. In 1887 a railroad official occupied the pioneer cottage while the . . . Map (db m55892) HM
37 Texas, Carson County, Panhandle — 5467 — Thomas Cree HomesiteFirst Tree
After serving as a teamster in the Civil War (1861-65), Thadium (Thomas) B. Cree worked for the Union Pacific Railroad. In 1888 he and his wife came to the High Plains. They acquired this land and, with no trees for lumber, they built a dugout home. . . . Map (db m55938) HM
38 Texas, Carson County, White Deer — 16709 — First Baptist Church of White Deer
Baptists in White Deer first met in the Presbyterians’ house of worship, meeting twice a month and sharing a union Sunday School. On Jun. 16, 1912, several brothers and sisters met to organize a missionary Baptist Church, led by Bro. J. J. Baird . . . Map (db m149691) HM
39 Texas, Carson County, White Deer — 1814 — First Presbyterian Church
First church building in White Deer. Dedicated July 4, 1909. Financed mainly through gifts from pioneer members' home churches; and donations by other denominations. Also used by Methodists and Baptists for 11 years, with circuit pastors for the . . . Map (db m55862) HM
40 Texas, Carson County, White Deer — 2577 — Hotel at White Deer
The White Deer Land Company, a trustee for court-ordered land sales in this area, established the White Deer Demonstration Farm in the 1890s. About 1909 this frame four square structure was built to board prospective land buyers. Marvin Hughes . . . Map (db m55861) HM
41 Texas, Carson County, White Deer — 2704 — Jackson General Store
This commercial structure was built at the original townsite of White Deer (0.5 mi. E). It was moved here in 1908, when the present townsite was established. It housed the general merchandise business of J. C. Jackson (d. 1966), a prominent leader . . . Map (db m55859) HM
42 Texas, Carson County, White Deer — 3044 — Last Great Panhandle Cattle Drive to Montana
Each Spring and Summer after 1880, many Texas herds went up the trail to Northern states for fattening. For the cowboys, trail drives meant hard work. They had to turn stampedes, ford rivers and quicksand streams, and fight Indians and cattle . . . Map (db m55858) HM
43 Texas, Carson County, White Deer — 4064 — Polish SettlersOf White Deer
In 1854, 100 Polish families (800 persons) came to America in one small sailing ship–a voyage of 9 weeks. None spoke English. From Galveston they walked 200 miles to Panna Maria in South Texas, arriving for Christmas Eve Mass. There they . . . Map (db m150748) HM
44 Texas, Carson County, White Deer — 17585 — Sacred Heart Catholic Cemetery
Surrounded by an iron picket fence with a brick entry, the Sacred Heart Catholic Cemetery is a reminder of those who have come before us. The White Deer Land Company donated five acres of land for a cemetery on March 4, 1913. The deed was recorded . . . Map (db m150750) HM
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45 Texas, Carson County, White Deer — 5781 — White Deer
Name taken from nearby creek so called by an Indian legend of White Deer feeding there. Site of county's first water well, drilled at N Bar N Ranch, 1887. Also headquarters for White Deer Land Co. (formerly Francklyn Land and Cattle Co., a . . . Map (db m55860) HM
46 Texas, Carson County, White Deer — 16365 — White Deer Cemetery
In 1916, Mrs. Beulah V. Tillman, a “femme sole,” purchased 155 of the 160 acres that made up Block 7 of Survey 26 of the International and Great Northern Railroad Company. Because the remaining five acres were omitted from the . . . Map (db m150749) HM
47 Texas, Carson County, White Deer — 17221 — White Deer Sacred Heart Catholic Church
In 1909, Henry Czerner and Ben Urbanczyk, both originally from the Polish colony of Panna Maria, Texas, came to the Panhandle and secured a block of land near the town of White Deer. By 1913, twelve Polish families had settled in White Deer. . . . Map (db m150746) HM
48 Texas, Carson County, White Deer — 16355 — White Deer United Methodist Church
A Methodist Church was first formed in White Deer in 1911. The Rev. W.B. McKeown, who worked to form several panhandle Methodist congregations, organized the church’s seven charter members. The congregation shared the town’s school building with . . . Map (db m149689) HM
49 Texas, Carson County, Yarnall — Did You Know - Americans Killed DuringPeace Field
WW 1 116,516 WW 11 405,399 Korean War 43,891 Vietnam War 58,167 Civil War 624,511Map (db m163901) WM
50 Texas, Carson County, Yarnall — Gerald Holtom — Peace Field —
1914-1985 Inventor of the Peace SignMap (db m163902) HM
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Sep. 26, 2023