“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers in Crockett County, Texas

Clickable Map of Crockett County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Crockett County, TX (46) Crane County, TX (7) Irion County, TX (7) Pecos County, TX (56) Reagan County, TX (9) Schleicher County, TX (13) Sutton County, TX (35) Terrell County, TX (7) Upton County, TX (24) Val Verde County, TX (65)  CrockettCounty(46) Crockett County (46)  CraneCounty(7) Crane County (7)  IrionCounty(7) Irion County (7)  PecosCounty(56) Pecos County (56)  ReaganCounty(9) Reagan County (9)  SchleicherCounty(13) Schleicher County (13)  SuttonCounty(35) Sutton County (35)  TerrellCounty(7) Terrell County (7)  UptonCounty(24) Upton County (24)  ValVerdeCounty(65) Val Verde County (65)
Ozona is the county seat for Crockett County
Adjacent to Crockett County, Texas
      Crane County (7)  
      Irion County (7)  
      Pecos County (56)  
      Reagan County (9)  
      Schleicher County (13)  
      Sutton County (35)  
      Terrell County (7)  
      Upton County (24)  
      Val Verde County (65)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Texas, Crockett County, Iraan — 13428 — Camp Melvin and the Pontoon Crossing of the Pecos River
As it winds its way across Texas, the Pecos River can often be swift and dangerous. Historically, frequent flooding made even the best crossings unusable. In May 1684, Spanish explorer Juan Domínguez de Mendoza and his expedition team camped at a . . . Map (db m150323) HM
2 Texas, Crockett County, Iraan — 3634 — O. W. Parker Ranch Headquarters
O. W. Parker (1876-1962) moved to Crockett County in 1902 and worked for local ranchers until he eventually established his own ranch. Parker had this house built for his family after the 1926 Yates oil field discovery brought prosperity to the . . . Map (db m150324) HM
3 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 1110 — Crockett County
. . . Map (db m7413) HM
4 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 1111 — Crockett County Courthouse
Built 1902. Second courthouse for county. American Gothic architecture, planned by Oscar Ruffini, San Angelo. Material is fine stone quarried nearby on Meyer and Couch properties. Cost $30,000. Early day community social center. Used for cowboy . . . Map (db m116313) HM
5 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 1112 — Crockett County Jail
Built 1892, about a year after county's organization; contractor was Z.D. Gafford of San Angelo. Building stone was quarried to north of structure, on Meyers property. Tower may have been designed for hangings, but no gallows were ever installed. . . . Map (db m116730) HM
6 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 1113 — Crockett County's First Producing Oil Well
In 1923 World Oil Co., owned by Chester R. Bunker, Ft. Worth publisher and printer, began drilling on the L. P. Powell Ranch. Work progressed slowly, depending on the availability of money, under the direction of superintendent Mickey Green and the . . . Map (db m117985) HM
7 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 1171 — David Crockett
(Inscription on front of monument) .. Be sure you are right - then go ahead .. (Inscription on rear of monument) David Crockett was born in Tennessee on August 17, 1786 Participated in the Creek Indian Campaign 1813-1814 . . . Map (db m116599) HM
8 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 1471 — Emerald Townsite(1 Mile North)
The first platted town in Crockett County, Emerald was founded in 1889 by Fort Worth & Rio Grande Railway Immigration Agent T. W. Wilkinson. It was to be an agricultural shipping point on a planned extension of the F.W. & R.G. Publicized from Maine . . . Map (db m117502) HM
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9 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 1496 — Ernest Malapert Powell Reported missing
A native of Illinois, E. M. Powell was a surveyor and railroad engineer in Kentucky before moving to Texas in 1874. He worked as a surveyor during the railroad construction boom in Texas in the 1870s, taking parcels of land in payment for his . . . Map (db m143982) HM
10 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 1992 — Fort Lancaster C.S.A.
Site 33 miles west on U.S. 290. Upon U.S. surrender Texas forts start of Civil War. Made part Confederate far western frontier line. Occupied by 2nd Texas Cavalry on supply line to and from Arizona-New Mexico. Campaign 1861-62, intended to make . . . Map (db m7284) HM
11 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 2451 — Henry Street Hudspeth(18? - 1900)
A Confederate veteran. Captain, Co. B. 2nd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry, Civil War. Born in Mississippi. Came to Texas, 1877. Served as county clerk after moving here, 1888. Married Elizabeth A. Royal. One of his 5 children was U.S. Congressman . . . Map (db m126676) HM
12 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 2476 — High Lonesome Stage Stand(Site 11 Miles Northeast)
First station after leaving Ozona on the San Angelo-Ozona mail line. Here, at the 20-mile point of an 86-mile run, fresh horses awaited. The stand, built in 1902, served one of Texas' last commercial stage lines. Ten horses were kept here, as at . . . Map (db m116312) HM
13 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 2861 — Joseph L. Casbeer(1839 - 1918)
A Confederate veteran. Born in Lamar County. In Civil War, was in Co. G, Col. R.T.P. Allen's Texas Infantry, and was discharged in 1865. On September 5, 1871, married Miss Matilda Peacock, in Lampasas County. They had 2 sons. Moved to . . . Map (db m126679) HM
14 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 3049 — Laura and William Peery Hoover
Although Indians, Spaniards, wagon trains, and military expeditions crossed through this area earlier, the first permanent settlers in present-day Crockett County were native Texans Laura (McNutt) (1862-1941) and William Peery Hoover (1854-1922), . . . Map (db m126680) HM
15 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 3775 — Old Ozona Hotel
Built about 1893. From its early days, boarded teachers, visiting athletic teams and business callers in city. Noted guests of 1919-1921 were geologists and lease men seeking to develop the now-significant oil fields of Crockett . . . Map (db m116349) HM
16 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 3895 — Ozona Junior High School
The first permanent school building in Ozona; constructed of native limestone in 1910-1912, when Ozona was only 21 years old. The heating and ventilating system, never before used in the state when installed here, is still in operation daily. . . . Map (db m116729) HM
17 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 3896 — Ozona National Bank
Constructed 1905 for county's first financial institution. Organized by cattle and sheep ranchers and the town's doctor. During construction of native stone building, banking was done next door in store of L. B. Cox, vice-president. J. W. . . . Map (db m116315) HM
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18 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 3899 — Ozona-Barnhart Trap Company
By the 1920s many ranchers in Crockett County had fenced their land, preventing their neighbors from driving sheep and cattle to the railroad shipping point in Barnhart (23 miles north of here). A solution to the problem was offered by the . . . Map (db m116311) HM
19 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 3897 — Ozona's First Water Well
Focus for civic life in early Ozona. City founder E. M. Powell provided the water well equipped with 18-foot windmill, a water trough, and a small cypress tank. At first meeting of Crockett County Commissioners Court, July 22, 1891, under a . . . Map (db m116594) HM
20 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 3898 — Ozona's Water System
This site was selected for the Crockett County seat in 1891 because of a producing water well (200' northwest). Joe Moss, who drilled for water throughout the area, dug the well for E. M. Powell (1847-1925), railroad surveyor, financier, and land . . . Map (db m116593) HM
21 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 4005 — Pharis Hurst(1840 - 1927)
U.S. Army veteran of Civil War, discharged after loss of arm, siege of Vicksburg. Born in Pennsylvania. Came to Texas after war. Was a farmer-teacher-postmaster. Wives: (1) Melinde Beal; (2) Zilla Parker. Had 4 children. Lived in Ozona . . . Map (db m117983) HM
22 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 4517 — Samuel Theodore Smith(Sept. 7, 1846 - Dec. 26, 1925)
A Confederate veteran, of 18th La. Cav. Bn., Civil War. Born in Louisiana. Came to Texas in 1872; to Ozona, 1891. Built city's first school, first courthouse, Baptist church, other structures. Married Alice Crimm, March 1, 1876. Had three . . . Map (db m126678) HM
23 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 4758 — Site of Comstock-Ozona Stage Stand
Flagstone ruins nearby mark site of early 1900s stage stand, first stop on passenger and mail line connecting Ozona with Southern Pacific railhead at Comstock — 80 miles distant. When stage pulled in about 8:30 A.M. (having left Ozona at . . . Map (db m79331) HM
24 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 5328 — The Emerald House
Although the early history of this structure is unrecorded, it is known that the house originally was built in the townsite of Emerald (9 miles east). Established in 1889 as Crockett County's first settlement, Emerald was the colonization project of . . . Map (db m117507) HM
25 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 5393 — The Ozona Stockman
In 1892 Claude B. Hudspeth (1877-1941) began publication of a weekly newspaper called the "Ozona Kicker." Following his three-year ownership, Hudspeth entered politics, serving first in the Texas Legislature and later as representative from the . . . Map (db m116348) HM
26 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 5398 — The Perner House
In 1893, T.L. Hammonds moved a 3-room frame house from the nearby town of Emerald to this site. In 1894, Phillip Perner (1860-1905), a local merchant, purchased and enlarged the structure. Following Perner's death, his wife, Mary Ross . . . Map (db m127877) HM
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27 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — 5840 — William Mathias Miller(1829 - 1906)
Born in Maryland. Fought in Civil War as a Virginian in the Confederate Army, although he had brothers in the U.S. Army. He came to Texas soon after the war. Married Henrietta Norrid in Fredericksburg, August 23, 1870. Lived in Ozona in old age. . . . Map (db m117977) HM
28 Texas, Crockett County, Ozona — William Mozart McVey1905-1995
A versatile sculptor of people, animals, birds and religious symbols, McVey attended the University of Texas and taught art there and at Rice University. He played football at Rice under the legendary coach John Heisman in 1924. McVey studied and . . . Map (db m7286) HM
29 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — Bakery
The bakery was a stone and adobe building with a large oven that measured approximately 12 feet wide and 11-feet deep. The fort's baker, also a soldier, was responsible for providing the daily ration of bread for an average of 130 men. In 1860, . . . Map (db m202174) HM
30 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — Battle at Fort LancasterThe only Texas army post ever attacked by Indians
On December 26, 1867, the 40 soldiers and officers of Company K, 9th Cavalry, were attacked at Fort Lancaster by an estimated 400 Kickapoo and their allies. The battle began when the teamster leading the horses to water, William Sharpe, was lassoed, . . . Map (db m201737) HM
31 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — Commanding Officer's Quarters
The largest residence at the fort housed the Commanding Officer and his family. They provided hospitality for important travelers to the fort. "Captain Carpenter invited us to take a bite with him. We availed ourselves of the invitation with . . . Map (db m201707) HM
32 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — CommissaryEverything to outfit a soldier
The commissary, along with the quartermaster storehouse, was one of the first stone buildings constructed at Fort Lancaster. It supplied soldiers with government-issued provisions, uniforms, and bedding. Provisions were bought from private . . . Map (db m201725) HM
33 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — Company H BarracksHome away from home
These barracks closely resembled those of Company K, except that they were vacated two years earlier. In 1859, the Army transferred Company H to a newly established post along the Lower San Antonio-El Paso Road that would eventually become Fort . . . Map (db m202171) HM
34 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — Company K BarracksA soldier's home on the prairie
Soldiers originally lived in quickly built structures made of locally available materials or prefabricated Turnley Cottages. Neither type of building was comfortable or effective at shielding the occupants from the weather. The permanent stone and . . . Map (db m201729) HM
35 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — Fort Lancaster Cemetery
This small cemetery is one of two known at Fort Lancaster. The fort likely had an official post military cemetery but its location is not known and the burials there would have been relocated to another fort when Fort Lancaster was decommissioned. . . . Map (db m201721) HM
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36 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — HospitalLife at the fort had its share of injuries
The post hospital was an adobe structure with a dispensary, storeroom, and a small three-bed ward. There was also an attached kitchen building. The hospital staff included a civilian surgeon, a hospital steward, a nurse, a matron, and a dedicated . . . Map (db m201719) HM
37 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — 2587 — Howard's Well(19 Miles to the Southeast)
First known to civilized men in the 18th century, when, according to legend, Franciscan Padre Alvarez prayed for water to ease his thirst, put down his staff, and saw a spring gush forth from the ground. This landmark of western travel was named for . . . Map (db m85005) HM
38 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — Kitchen and Mess HallSimple food, simply prepared
Each company had its own dedicated kitchen and mess hall where cooks, often soldiers themselves, prepared and served meals for the enlisted soldiers. Meals revolved around limited food supplies-mostly beef, bread, and canned goods but a garden . . . Map (db m202172) HM
39 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — Laundresses
In 1860, there were four laundresses employed for Company K at Fort Lancaster. Each had her own living quarters made of adobe, complete with an open hearth and stone chimney. Typically, laundresses charged each soldier $2.00 per month for washing, . . . Map (db m202176) HM
40 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — Lime Kiln
Soldiers burned limestone in the kiln to create quicklime, an ingredient in the mortar, stucco, and whitewash used in the construction of the post buildings. A large amount of wood, which was a scarce resource, was needed to fuel the kiln. They . . . Map (db m201723) HM
41 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — Officer's Quarters
Each officer's quarters originally consisted of two rooms separated by a double fireplace with a detached kitchen behind. By 1860, the kitchens had been attached and half of the structures had wooden shingle roofs. Both unmarried officers and those . . . Map (db m201716) HM
42 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — 3737 — Old Government Road
Route of march and troop supply on Texas frontier. Followed in part pre-Columbian Indian trails and "Old Chihuahua Trail" that ran from San Antonio to El Paso and Mexico. In 1840s this was extended to Gulf Coast Port of Indianola where imported . . . Map (db m126683) HM
43 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — 'Quarter-Master'Everything to run a fort in the wilderness
The Quartermaster provided general supplies and rations for soldiers. He also oversaw the bakery, blacksmith's shop, and carpenter's shop. He also supervised the corral, granary and hay yard for the fort's horses and mules. Caption . . . Map (db m202178) HM
44 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — 4383 — Ruins of Fort Lancaster
Established in 1855 by the United States Government as a protection to travelers and mail on the overland route from San Antonio to San Diego. Abandoned in 1861. Reoccupied in 1868 for a short time.Map (db m126687) HM
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45 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — Sutler's StoreAll things fun and diverting to a soldier
Owned and operated by a civilian merchant, the sutler's store was the only two-story building at Fort Lancaster. The sutler sold liquor, tobacco, and supplies to travelers as well as soldiers. This building also served as a stage relay station for . . . Map (db m201722) HM
46 Texas, Crockett County, Sheffield — 5303 — The Chihuahua Trail and Escondido Water Hole
The Chihuahua Trail was opened by segments, but was not called by this name until the 19th century. A small part of the route, along the nearby Pecos River, was followed by the Spaniard Gaspar Castano de Sosa in 1590, during an expedition to New . . . Map (db m126681) HM
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Dec. 6, 2023