“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
123 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed.                                               The final 23 


Historical Markers and War Memorials in Hidalgo County, Texas

Clickable Map of Hidalgo County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Hidalgo County, TX (123) Brooks County, TX (12) Cameron County, TX (239) Kenedy County, TX (5) Starr County, TX (16) Willacy County, TX (6)  HidalgoCounty(123) Hidalgo County (123)  BrooksCounty(12) Brooks County (12)  CameronCounty(239) Cameron County (239)  KenedyCounty(5) Kenedy County (5)  StarrCounty(16) Starr County (16)  WillacyCounty(6) Willacy County (6)
Edinburg is the county seat for Hidalgo County
Adjacent to Hidalgo County, Texas
      Brooks County (12)  
      Cameron County (239)  
      Kenedy County (5)  
      Starr County (16)  
      Willacy County (6)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Texas, Hidalgo County, Alamo — 12628 — 1940 Train-Truck Collision
On March 14, 1940, at this crossing of Tower Road and the Missouri Pacific rail line occurred an automobile accident resulting in the most fatalities on a Texas highway in the 20th century. An oncoming train collided with a truck carrying more than . . . Map (db m180567) HM
2 Texas, Hidalgo County, Alamo — 660 — Camp Ebenezer
From 1902 to 1909 Peter Ebenezer Blalock and George L. Hawkins bought 32,000 acres of land here. By 1908 they had built shipping pens at this site and named the railroad depot Ebenezer. Their ranching plans ended in 1909 when the tract was sold to . . . Map (db m224539) HM
3 Texas, Hidalgo County, Alamo — 4455 — Saint Joseph Catholic Church
Land at this site originally was deeded for church use by the Alamo Land and Sugar Company. Construction of the Gothic Revival church building was completed in 1924, the year Alamo was incorporated. Development of St. Joseph Parish was guided by . . . Map (db m224545) HM
4 Texas, Hidalgo County, Alamo — 4570 — Santa Ana Land Grant
The 15-square-mile Santa Ana Land Grant was awarded by Mexico to Benigno Leal in 1834. Leal established his Rancho de Adentro (inside ranch) headquarters and cemetery at this site. Leal's original grant was eventually combined with adjacent lands to . . . Map (db m223685) HM
5 Texas, Hidalgo County, Donna — 150 — American Legion Hall
Donna Border Post No. 107. Dedicated 1920. First American Legion Hall built or owned by any post in the world. Recorded Texas Historic LandmarkMap (db m180544) HM
6 Texas, Hidalgo County, Donna — 16291 — Asadores Ranch
Salvador Cavazos Gallegos and his wife, Maria San Juana Anzaldua, founded Asadores Ranch in 1881 on the Mexican La Blanca Land Grant to Lino Cavazos. The Cavazos family raised cattle and horses and grew corn, beans and other crops along the Rio . . . Map (db m223684) HM
7 Texas, Hidalgo County, Donna — 1251 — Donna
Two East Texas men, T. J. Hooks and A. F. Hester, began developing this area for settlement in the late 1890s. Through formation of the La Blanca Agricultural Co., they set up farms and irrigation systems and advertised the area's favorable climate . . . Map (db m180681) HM
8 Texas, Hidalgo County, Donna — 1252 — Donna Central Elementary School
Built as the result of a special bond election in 1925, this is the oldest existing structure in the Donna Independent School District. Initially an elementary school, it served as a junior high facility from 1965 to 1983. Designed by the . . . Map (db m195624) HM
Paid Advertisement
9 Texas, Hidalgo County, Donna — Donna Hooks Fletcher
The City of Donna was named after, the beautiful and fiercely independent Donna Hooks Fletcher (1879 - 1969). Donna was the daughter of Thomas J. Hooks, one of the founders of the original townsite. Ahead of her time, she was a pioneer and . . . Map (db m180743) HM
10 Texas, Hidalgo County, Donna — 1253 — Donna Public Schools
The present school system for the town of Donna can be traced to a 1904 school in the Run community (6 Mi.S). Classes were first held in the home of A.F. Hester, a founder of Donna. The earliest school for the new town opened in 1908. Teachers held . . . Map (db m223668) HM
11 Texas, Hidalgo County, Donna — 15872 — Handy Ranch
Thomas J. Handy (1843-1927) first came to the Rio Grande Valley from Wisconsin as a Union solider during the Civil War. While stationed with Co. F, 4th Wisconsin Cavalry, Handy met Angelita Cavazos (ca. 1844-1925). The two were married on April 25, . . . Map (db m223673) HM
12 Texas, Hidalgo County, Donna — 15868 — P.P. Ackley and the Texas Chisholm Trail
Illinois native Peter Preston Ackley (1858-1940) moved to Texas as a boy. He went on several trail drives in 1870s and 1880s, bringing from cattle Texas, Nebraska and Canada to Kansas railheads. Starting in the 1920s, Ackley worked to have the . . . Map (db m180714) HM
13 Texas, Hidalgo County, Donna — 13785 — Run
This area in the mid-1800's was part of the Asadores Ranch owned by Salvador and San Juana Cavazos. In 1898, east Texas rice farmers A.F. Hester, Sr. and T.J. Hooks bought land in the vicinity. They and others began La Blanca Agricultural Company . . . Map (db m223671) HM
14 Texas, Hidalgo County, Edinburg — 1389 — Edinburg Junior College Auditorium
Designed by the Austin architectural firm of Giesecke and Harris, this structure was built in 1926 to serve the newly-created Edinburg Junior College. In addition to serving the college and succeeding educational institutions, the auditorium has . . . Map (db m195665) HM
15 Texas, Hidalgo County, Edinburg — 3746 — Old Hidalgo County Jail
Erected 1909-1910. One of first buildings in town after county seat moved here 1908 from Old Hidalgo. Spanish architecture, with red tile roof, white walls. A new jail was built in 1922; this became community center, and served as a meeting . . . Map (db m180472) HM
16 Texas, Hidalgo County, Edinburg — Sgt. Alfredo "Freddy" Gonzalez Memorial
Dedicated in memory of Sgt. Alfredo “Freddy” Gonzalez USMC 1946 - 1968 Congressional Medal of Honor Post-Humously 1969 Battle of Hue City, VietnamMap (db m62745) WM
17 Texas, Hidalgo County, Edinburg — 4987 — Southern Pacific Depot
Completed and occupied on August 1, 1927, this depot was designed by Southern Pacific Railroad architect Leonard B. McCoy, and built by Ward Construction of El Paso. The depot was part of a major railroad expansion into South Texas. Edinburg felt . . . Map (db m195661) HM
Paid Advertisement
18 Texas, Hidalgo County, Granjeno — 1420 — El Granjeno Cemetery
El Granjeno Cemetery was established in 1872 with the burial of Don Antonio Garza. His brother, Don Juan Garza Escheverria, donated the surrounding land for use by the communities of El Granjeno and nearby Madero. A native of Reynosa, Mexico, Don . . . Map (db m224219) HM
19 Texas, Hidalgo County, Havana — 2408 — Havana
Located on land known as, Porcion 46, ceded by the crown of Spain to Don Jose Matias Tijerina in 1767, the community of Havana was named for Havana, Cuba, where Tijerina had stopped on his journey from Europe. Among the early settlers here were the . . . Map (db m224371) HM
20 Texas, Hidalgo County, Hidalgo — 4541 — Approximate Site of Mission San Joaquin del Monte a Visita
Established in 1749 as a part of Jose de Escandon's project to settle the region and civilize and Christianize the IndiansMap (db m223841) HM
21 Texas, Hidalgo County, Hidalgo — Channel and Hurricane & Intake Pipes
The Hurricane and the Channel Prior to 1933, the Rio Grande was flowing right where you're standing, and the Pumphouse behind you was peacefully pulling thousands of the gallons of irrigation water from the river every minute. Then came the . . . Map (db m223869) HM
22 Texas, Hidalgo County, Hidalgo — 17622 — Elder B. Barton
Born in New York City in 1806, Elder Barton was a formative figure in Hidalgo County history. Barton joined the Republic of Texas Army on March 13, 1836, and fought at the Battle of San Jacinto under Capt. Robert J. Calder. He married Santitos Balli . . . Map (db m223837) HM
23 Texas, Hidalgo County, Hidalgo — 16813 — Hidalgo City Cemetery
This historic graveyard dates from 1884, with its oldest grave marker being that of Elder B. Barton (1815-1884). The cemetery was included in the 46.4 acre Pate's addition to the town of Hidalgo, developed in 1926 by Joe Pate. His wife, Kate, . . . Map (db m223838) HM
24 Texas, Hidalgo County, Hidalgo — Hidalgo in 1927
The City of Hidalgo is located on lands settled by Spanish colonizer Jose de Escandon in 1749. In 1848, Scottish-born merchant John Young founded a town site straddling Spanish land grants 63 and 64 as a trading post and ferry landing opposite . . . Map (db m223852) HM
25 Texas, Hidalgo County, Hidalgo — 2471 — Hidalgo Irrigation Pump Plant
The semi-arid Lower Rio Grande Valley was productive only for cattle grazing until several steam-powered irrigation systems were established in the early 20th century. In 1909 a steam pump was built here to channel Rio Grande water to about 40,000 . . . Map (db m223863) HM
26 Texas, Hidalgo County, Hidalgo — Historic Hidalgo
The City of Hidalgo is located on lands settled by Spanish colonizer José de Escondon in 1749. In 1848, Scottish-born merchant John Young founded a town site on Spanish land grants as a trading post and ferry landing opposite Reynosa, Mexico. . . . Map (db m180737) HM
Paid Advertisement
27 Texas, Hidalgo County, Hidalgo — 3745 — Old Hidalgo County Courthouse
This building served as the Hidalgo County Courthouse from its construction in 1886 until the County Seat was moved to Chapin (later name Edinburg) in 1908. Made of brick from nearby Reynosa, Mexico, it originally was a two-story structure. Its . . . Map (db m195639) HM
28 Texas, Hidalgo County, Hidalgo — 3744 — Old Hidalgo County Jail
Built in 1886 by S. W. Brooks, who also constructed the nearby courthouse, this jail served Hidalgo County during a turbulent period in its history, when outlaw raids were still occurring. The city's first newspaper, "The Hidalgo Advance," was . . . Map (db m195647) HM
29 Texas, Hidalgo County, Hidalgo — 3747 — Old Hidalgo School
Thought to have been built about 1898, this two-story brick structure has served as an educational facility for generations. The first recorded graduation took place in 1922, with a class of three. The school housed students in elementary grades . . . Map (db m195659) HM
30 Texas, Hidalgo County, Hidalgo — 5530 — Town of Hidalgo
County seat of Hidalgo County 1852 - 1908 • Known as Edinburgh in 1852 • • Name changed in 1861 to Hidalgo in honor of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, 1753 - 1811, Parish Priest who led the movement in 1810 for Mexican Independence • • Almost completely . . . Map (db m223843) HM
31 Texas, Hidalgo County, Hidalgo — 5641 — Vela Building
In 1904 Crisoforo Vela and his wife, Florinda (de la Vega Balli), moved to Hidalgo from Santo Domingo Ranch in Starr County. Six years later Vela acquired the ferry and rowboat service that connected Hidalgo with Reynosa, Mexico. This was an . . . Map (db m195650) HM
32 Texas, Hidalgo County, Hidalgo — Water Under the Bridge / Agua Bajo el Puente
Imagine standing here in the early 1900's. You would hear the sounds of the engines in the Pumphouse and watch as water spilled through the gates in the discharge channel at your feet. Today the Pumphouse no longer siphons water from the Rio . . . Map (db m223851) HM
33 Texas, Hidalgo County, La Joya — 3571 — Nellie Leo Schunior School
This school's roots lie in the former town of Havana (2 Mi.S), where between 1890 and 1944 area children, most of whom lived on, nearby ranches, attended classes in a one-room schoolhouse. Nellie Leo Schunior (1878- 1920), who later became the first . . . Map (db m224227) HM
34 Texas, Hidalgo County, Linn — 18584 — Bazán and Longoria Murders
On September 27, 1915, Jesus Bazán and his son-in-law, Antonio Longoria – both recognized Tejano community leaders and the latter a Hidalgo County Commissioner – traveled to a local Texas Ranger camp on the Sam Lane ranch to report a . . . Map (db m166335) HM
35 Texas, Hidalgo County, Linn — 1441 — El Sal del Rey(The Salt of the King)
Directly to the north. Upon Spanish discovery, 1746, claimed for King, under old law that salt was money. People of wide area got salt here. 1863-64 works aided Texas in the Civil War. Later disputes over El Sal del Rey established Texas laws . . . Map (db m166333) HM
Paid Advertisement
36 Texas, Hidalgo County, Linn — 3002 — La Noria Cardeneña
Parts of present Hidalgo, Cameron, Willacy, and Kenedy counties were once included in two Spanish land grants, San Juan de Carricitos and San Salvador del Tule. The original grantee of the Carricitos grant was José Narciso Cavazos. After his . . . Map (db m166332) HM
37 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — 194 — Archer Park
This one-block-square tract of land was deeded to the city of McAllen for use as a public park in 1917, six years after the town was incorporated. The donor Mayor Oliver Percy Archer (1869-1930), was a prominent local businessman and civic leader. . . . Map (db m225185) HM
38 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — 747 — Casa de Palmas
This site was a city park with antelope, javelina, and deer before a group of businessmen decided McAllen needed a hotel to serve as a business and social center. The Casa de Palmas, a three-story structure with a red tile roof built around a center . . . Map (db m224075) HM
39 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — 1838 — First Presbyterian Church of McAllen
This church began with McAllen's first Presbyterian worship service. Held by the Rev. M.W. Doggett in a local lumberyard in 1908. Dr. W.A. King and George Pollack were first elders. Although adversely affected by the Mexican Revolution (1909-1919) . . . Map (db m224069) HM
40 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — 15869 — La Piedad Cemetery
This burial ground, which predates McAllen, likely began as a small ranch cemetery in the 1800s. The earliest known burial here, in 1895, is of Gertrudis Cavazos. Most of the property was deeded by the Arnold family; other portions were acquired . . . Map (db m224087) HM
41 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — 15858 — Lamar Junior High School
The McAllen School Board authorized construction of Lamar High School in 1938, through a bond election and funding from the Public Works Administration. Architect Marion Lee Waller’s original design included an L-shaped floor plan only one room . . . Map (db m195634) HM
42 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — M & J Nelson Building
[Top plaque] 300-308 South Main Street Built in 1949 Listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior [Bottom plaque] City of McAllen M & J Nelson Building . . . Map (db m195632) HM
43 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — 14036 — M. & J. Nelson Building
This noteworthy Moderne style commercial building remains a distinctive McAllen attraction. Morris Randall Nelson built and owned the building, designed in 1949 for the use of the J.C. Penney Company. Nelson, born in McPherson, Kansas, followed his . . . Map (db m195630) HM
44 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — 3271 — McAllen Lodge No. 1111 A.F. & A.M.
This lodge, organized by Master Mason R. M. Bounds and about 30 other Masons, was chartered on December 8, 1915. Meetings were held in the Joseph and Osborne buildings, two early downtown commercial structures, prior to the lodge erecting a temple . . . Map (db m166221) HM
Paid Advertisement
45 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — 3272 — McAllen Post Office
Built in 1935, this was the sixth location of the McAllen Post Office after its creation in 1907. The facility was dedicated on January 22, 1936, and served as a postal facility until 1957. Since 1958, the building has been used for a variety of . . . Map (db m195629) HM
46 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — McAllen, The Beginning
The coming of irrigation to dusty South Texas in 1890 made the Valley green and agriculture productive. In 1903, the St. Louis, Brownsville Railway Company was established. The new railroad went from Corpus Christi to Brownsville with a western . . . Map (db m224077) HM
47 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — 17235 — Paris Gum Factory
During WW II, because of rationing, Andrew J. Paris (1919-1997) and his family had no sweets to sell in their Detroit, Mi. tobacconist shop. In 1942, in Mexico City, Paris found an ample supply of candies and chewing gum to save his family's . . . Map (db m166219) HM
48 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — 4145 — Quinta MazatlanHome of Jason Matthews
One of the larger adobe homes in the state, Quinta Mazatlan was designed and built by Jason Chilton Matthews (1887-1964) during the late 1930s. Adobe blocks used in construction were made at this site. A composer, writer, and adventurer, Matthews . . . Map (db m224193) HM
49 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — 15040 — Roselawn Cemetery
In 1908, just one year after McAllen began to develop a group of residents established this cemetery on land donated by the Hidalgo Canal Company. The oldest marked grave here dates to 1909. The McAllen Chamber of Commerce maintained the cemetery . . . Map (db m225167) HM
50 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — 4429 — Sacred Heart Catholic Church
Priests from La Lomita Chapel in nearby Mission ministered to Catholics at McAllen from 1908 until 1911, when a mission was begun here and a wood frame chapel was built. The congregation remained under the guidance of the Rev. J.M.F. Guenneugues, . . . Map (db m166222) HM
51 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — 4751 — Site of Casa de Palmas
The town of McAllen began developing after the arrival of the railroad in 1905. Introduction of an irrigation system made vegetable farming possible. Soon there was a hotel, a grocery store, a Presbyterian church, a bank, and a weekly newspaper. In . . . Map (db m224071) HM
52 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — 4830 — Site of McAllen Hospitals
The city of McAllen was founded in 1904 and incorporated in 1911. The first medical practitioner was Dr. J.B.F. McMillan who arrived in 1906. Dr. Frank E. Osborn built a two-story building in 1918 with a pharmacy on the first floor and doctor's . . . Map (db m224067) HM
53 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — 4986 — Southern Pacific Depot
The San Antonio & Aransas Pass (subsidiary of the Southern Pacific) Railway laid track south to the Rio Grande Valley and McAllen in 1927. This passenger depot, designed by railroad architect Leonard B. McCoy, opened in August that year. The . . . Map (db m195626) HM
Paid Advertisement
54 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — 4478 — St. Paul Lutheran Church
Organized in Pharr in 1916 by the Rev. Paul Birkman and five charter members, St. Paul Lutheran Church moved to McAllen in 1917. Early worship services, conducted in German, were held in the First Methodist Church. The Lutherans purchased the former . . . Map (db m224082) HM
55 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen — We Remember
On this wall we honor Americans who fought in all wars for our nations principles of freedom, liberty and justice. It is with sad hearts and tearful eyes that we remember those who gave the ultimate sacrifice. Let us never forget... . . . Map (db m225169) WM
56 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen, De Palmas Historic District — 18215 — Percy Herman House
This house was built in 1933 for Percy Herman (1884-1967), a major influence in the development of McAllen. Herman was born in Fort Dodge, Iowa, and in 1910, he married Stella H. Lazarus. Herman soon moved his family to Texas where he opened stores . . . Map (db m224081) HM
57 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen, La Paloma — 18222 — Bethel Baptist Church
In 1936, when Eugene and Georgia Hubbard found no churches for African Americans in McAllen, they established Little Bethel Baptist Church on the corner of Fresno and 18th streets. It was named Little Bethel as Bethel is Hebrew for House of God. . . . Map (db m225176) HM
58 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen, McAllen Historic Business Redevelopment — 692 — Campsite of "The Fighting 69th"
Famed New York Infantry Regiment. Encamped in McAllen during 1916-1917 bandit troubles, guarding the border and preventing the smuggling of arms across Rio Grande to Pancho Villa. Tour of duty here seasoned the men for rigors of World War I, wherein . . . Map (db m224085) HM
59 Texas, Hidalgo County, McAllen, McAllen Historic Business Redevelopment — McAllen War Memorial
Honoring All McAllen War-Dead We Gave... Because They GaveMap (db m224086) WM
60 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mercedes — 17130 — Camp Mercedes
In March 1917, prior to U.S. entry into World War I, Maj. Gen. John J. Pershing chose Mercedes as the site of a permanent camp for training personnel to serve overseas in France. Construction of Camp Mercedes on the 80-acre Emerson Farm tract . . . Map (db m165822) HM
61 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mercedes — 16712 — Dr. Héctor P. García
Héctor Pérez García (1914-1996) was a courageous leader in the civil rights movement. He achieved profound change in the treatment of fellow Mexican-Americans through peaceful protest and legal recourse. García was born in Mexico; in 1917, when . . . Map (db m165816) HM
62 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mercedes — 13987 — Ebony Grove Cemetery
This cemetery, named for the land's clusters of ebony trees, began in 1922. The American Rio Grande Land and Irrigation Company developed Mercedes and about 200 square miles of adjacent farmlands, also deeding nearly nine acres to the Mercedes . . . Map (db m165823) HM
Paid Advertisement
63 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mercedes — 1421 — El Horcon Tract and Rio Rico
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo which ended the Mexican War (1846-48) designated the main channel of the Rio Grande as the Mexico-U.S. boundary. Disputes arising from frequent changes in the river's course led to the Treaty of 1884 which . . . Map (db m164458) HM
64 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mercedes — 15788 — Immanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church
The Rev. E.J. Moebus was sent by officials of the Texas District of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod to establish Lutheran congregations in the Rio Grande Valley. Evangelical Lutheran Emanuel Church organized at Mercedes on October 30, 1910. . . . Map (db m165848) HM
65 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mercedes — 2621 — Immanuel Lutheran Cemetery
This cemetery was established in 1913 on land give by the American Rio Grande Land and Irrigation Company to Immanuel Lutheran Church. The cemetery has served Lutherans throughout the Rio Grande Valley. The oldest grave is that of Wilhelm . . . Map (db m165860) HM
66 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mercedes — 3342 — Mercedes City Hall
Constructed in 1928 to house the town's municipal offices and fire station, this building was designed by architect R. Newell Waters of Weslaco. The two story Gothic style building, constructed of red brick, features a copper cupola designed to . . . Map (db m165814) HM
67 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mercedes — 14021 — Mercedes Enterprise Reported missing
On October 8, 1908, Isadore Moritz published the first issue of the Mercedes Enterprise. He continued the operation until 1914; that same year, Ben E. Brooks and L.T. Hoyt began the Mercedes Tribute. Another paper, the News-Item, started in 1922 . . . Map (db m166217) HM
68 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mercedes — 17248 — Our Lady of Mercy Catholic Church
In 1908, the Capisallo Land Company donated land to the Oblate Fathers for construction of a Catholic church. Our Lady of Mercy Catholic Church on Hidalgo Street was dedicated in February 1909 and Rev. Enrique Janvier, OMI, became the first pastor . . . Map (db m165859) HM
69 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mercedes — 11677 — Our Lady of Mercy Cemetery
The town of Mercedes was platted by the Capisallo Town and Improvement Company in 1907. The Oblate Provincial Council in Austin requested that the company provide a site for a Catholic church, and Our Lady of Mercy Catholic Church was dedicated in . . . Map (db m165863) HM
70 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mercedes — 16329 — Temple Beth Israel
During the 1910s, several Hidalgo and Cameron County families founded a small Jewish congregation. The temple lacked a permanent Rabbi; lay readers led most services, while a student Rabbi was hired to lead High Holy Day Services. The group first . . . Map (db m165818) HM
71 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mercedes — 5285 — The American Rio Grande Land and Irrigation System
Land developer B.F. Yoakum saw agricultural potential along the Rio Grande and found investors in 1905 for an irrigation project. They purchased 250,000 acres and the townsite of Mercedes for business headquarters. The pump station began operating . . . Map (db m165812) HM
Paid Advertisement
72 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mercedes — 2469 — The Hidalgo County Bank and Trust Company
The oldest Hidalgo County bank still in operation, this institution opened in 1907 in a frame house on Third Street. Incorporators of the firm were area leaders J.M. Johnson, Sr., who served as the first president, his son J.M. Johnson, Jr., . . . Map (db m165825) HM
73 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mission — 831 — Chimney ParkSite of Mission Canal Co. Pumping Plant
In 1907, John J. Conway and James W. Hoit began the Mission Canal Co. Irrigation System, which was instrumental in the early agricultural growth of the area. Here they built the first pump station out of hand made brick from Madero. The 106-ft. . . . Map (db m224226) HM
74 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mission — 2872 — Juan Davis Bradburn
John Davis Bradburn (1787-1842) was born in Virginia and reared in Kentucky. He entered Mexico in 1817 with Francisco Mina's Army to help upset Spanish colonial forces in the War of Independence. He became a naturalized Mexican citizen and in 1821 . . . Map (db m224222) HM
75 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mission — 2997 — La Lomita Chapel
Lands for La Lomita ("The Little Hill") Mission came from the 1767 Spanish grant of Joseph A. Cantu, and were donated in 1861. Used as farms and ranches, the lands supported the priests and their charities. The original chapel, built in 1865 at a . . . Map (db m224224) HM
76 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mission — 4272 — Río Theatre
First known as Teatro La Paz (Peace Theatre), this cultural arts center was built about 1912 by Juan Bautista Barberá, a native of Spain who came to the United States in 1905. A bricklayer by profession, Barberá brought films, lecturers, actors, and . . . Map (db m195636) HM
77 Texas, Hidalgo County, Mission — 4661 — Shary Building
Designed by San Antonio architect Harvey P. Smith, this two-story edifice was constructed of brick with white stone trimming and erected on the site of Mission founder John Conway's business offices. Intended to house the multi-firm organization of . . . Map (db m195637) HM
78 Texas, Hidalgo County, Peñitas — 14039 — Peñitas
The community of Peñitas, which derives its name, meaning "Little Pebbles," from area gravel deposits, traces its origins to the colonization efforts of Spaniards José de Escandón. In 1749, he settled families on the Villa of Nuestra Señora de . . . Map (db m224386) HM
79 Texas, Hidalgo County, Peñitas — 3980 — Peñitas(7 Mi. NW)
Possibly one of oldest towns in the United States. Established, according to tradition, in mid-1520s. Founders were a priest and five other Spaniards of the unsuccessful Panfilo de Narvaez expedition into Mexico in 1520. Narvaez was sent to . . . Map (db m224383) HM
80 Texas, Hidalgo County, Peñitas — 18746 — Peñitas Cemetery
Established in 1836, the Peñitas Cemetery served the settlers of the historic settlement of Peñitas. The earliest documented internment was in 1894 for Antonio Zamora who died at age 40, although earlier unmarked burials are likely present. Other . . . Map (db m224394) HM
Paid Advertisement
81 Texas, Hidalgo County, Peñitas — Peñitas Common School
The first records of the Peñitas Common School date to the 1890s, when the facility served about fifteen students. The schoolhouse was a one-room frame building that housed at least one desk and six benches for student instruction. Early educational . . . Map (db m224388) HM
82 Texas, Hidalgo County, Pharr — 558 — Buell School
Constructed in 1927-28 to serve Mexican-American children in the Pharr-San Juan school district, this school replaced an earlier facility at this site. The new school was named in honor of educator Helen W. Buell (1861-1949), principal of the . . . Map (db m165870) HM
83 Texas, Hidalgo County, Pharr — 13003 — City of Pharr
For many centuries, nomadic Coahuiltecans lived in the Lower Rio Grande area. In the 1500s, Spanish explorers came through the region, and the Spanish government began to colonize both sides of the river by the late 1700s. At the close of the . . . Map (db m165872) HM
84 Texas, Hidalgo County, Pharr — 13730 — Eli Jackson Cemetery
In 1857, Nathaniel Jackson came from Alabama and established a ranch in this area. A former slave owner, Jackson, who was white, came with his wife Matilda Hicks, who was black, their children and his freed slaves. On his 5,500-acre ranch, Jackson . . . Map (db m223689) HM
85 Texas, Hidalgo County, Pharr — 1663 — First Baptist Church of Pharr
This church was established by seven charter members in 1913. The Rev. A.J. Seale served as first pastor. Early worship services were held in a school building until 1916 when a sanctuary was built on land set aside by the Pharr Townsite Company. A . . . Map (db m224522) HM
86 Texas, Hidalgo County, Pharr — 1809 — First Pharr School
Erected in 1911 as a one-story structure, this building housed the first school in Pharr. John Bales, the contractor, built a number of the town's early structures. Classes were held here until 1915, when enrollment had grown from nine students to . . . Map (db m166085) HM
87 Texas, Hidalgo County, Pharr — 14165 — Guadalupe Cemetery
This cemetery, named for Mexico's patron Saint, Our Lady of Guadalupe, was established in 1913 as a public burial ground for residents of the Pharr community. The Pharr townsite was laid out in 1909, and though ranch graveyards existed south of . . . Map (db m165871) HM
88 Texas, Hidalgo County, Pharr — Historic PharrThe Hub City of the Valley
Located on lands originally known in the 1600's as the Seno Mejicana, the City of Pharr was founded 1909, during a period of great social and economic transition in the Rio Grande Valley. Amidst the explosive growth caused by the . . . Map (db m166044) HM
89 Texas, Hidalgo County, Pharr — 2706 — Jackson Ranch Church
This fellowship was founded in 1874 by the Rev. Alexander H. Sutherland (1848-1911), an early Methodist Missionary, on Juan Manuel de La Vina's El Capote Ranch. In 1883 the congregation began meeting near this site on the Jackson Ranch when owner . . . Map (db m223690) HM
90 Texas, Hidalgo County, Pharr — 2961 — Kiwanis Club of Pharr
This Mission style building was the first meeting place in the Kiwanis International Organization owned by a local club. It was built in 1928, 13 years after the formation of the first Kiwanis Club in Detroit, Michigan, and one year after the . . . Map (db m166086) HM
91 Texas, Hidalgo County, Pharr — 16792 — La Trinidad United Methodist Church of Pharr
This church, organized in 1913, is the second oldest in the city and the first to minister to Pharr's Spanish-speaking Protestants. After a group approached the Anglo Methodist Church with a desire for their own place of worship in 1912, a small . . . Map (db m225188) HM
92 Texas, Hidalgo County, Pharr — 3140 — Louisiana-Rio Grande Canal Company
Wisconsin native John Closner established the first steampowered irrigation system in the Lower Rio Grande Valley in 1895. Closner successfully grew sugar cane and entered a sample for judging at the St. Louis World's Fair of 1904. The award-winning . . . Map (db m223731) HM
93 Texas, Hidalgo County, Pharr — 3779 — Old Pharr City Hall
This structure was completed in 1911 by the Pharr Townsite Co., operated by John C. Kelly (1862-1937), a co-founder of Pharr. It housed the first bank, the post office, a confectionary, a drugstore, and the first irrigation and canal company. The . . . Map (db m165873) HM
94 Texas, Hidalgo County, Pharr — 13233 — Pharr Volunteer Fire Department
In July 1916, the same year voters incorporated the City of Pharr, a large fire laid waste to an entire downtown city block. As a result of the blaze, the community lost Pharr Lumber Co., Pharr Mercantile Co., Folsum Hardware Co., National Theatre . . . Map (db m166084) HM
95 Texas, Hidalgo County, Pharr — 20119 — The Pharr Riot
On Feb. 6, 1971, a small group gathered outside the Pharr police department to protest incidents of discrimination and brutality. The crowd grew to hundreds and the day turned violent as tensions with law enforcement escalated. During the chaos that . . . Map (db m180589) HM
96 Texas, Hidalgo County, Progreso — 323 — Battle of La Bolsa
In 1859 and early 1860 a series of raids on Texas settlements led by Juan N. Cortina (1824-1894) led to skirmishes with companies of Texas Rangers and U.S. soldiers. These conflicts became known as the Cortina Wars. On February 4, 1860, a battle . . . Map (db m159702) HM
97 Texas, Hidalgo County, Progreso — 1955 — Former Station Site of Spiderweb Railroad
The agricultural boom that marked the early development of this area was due in large part to the San Benito & Rio Grande Valley Railroad. Begun in 1912 by Missouri native Sam A. Robertson (1867-1938), it was called the Spiderweb Railroad because . . . Map (db m165727) HM
98 Texas, Hidalgo County, Progreso — 4132 — Progreso
Land in this area was part of a Spanish land grant requested by Juan Jose Hinojosa in 1776 and awarded posthumously in 1790. Hinojosa had occupied the land and used it for livestock pasture since 1766. In 1896 ranchers in the area obtained a U.S. . . . Map (db m165724) HM
99 Texas, Hidalgo County, Relampago — 12064 — Military Highway of the Lower Rio Grande Valley
Plains Indians made trails near the banks of the rio Grande that were used by Spanish explorers in the 18th century. Early settlers built a road close to the river bank connecting their ranches. Later called the Military Road, it ran from . . . Map (db m164462) HM
100 Texas, Hidalgo County, Relampago — 4239 — Relampago Ranch
Originally part of a Spanish land grant, Relampago (lightning) Ranch community lay along the stage and military route from Rio Grande City to Brownsville. In 1852 Thaddeus Rhodes (1828-1904) acquired acreage here when he came as Hidalgo County . . . Map (db m164461) HM

123 entries matched your criteria. The first 100 are listed above. The final 23 ⊳
CeraNet Cloud Computing sponsors the Historical Marker Database.
Paid Advertisements

Jun. 6, 2023