“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Augusta County, Virginia

Clickable Map of Augusta County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Augusta County, VA (68) Albemarle County, VA (112) Bath County, VA (36) Highland County, VA (34) Nelson County, VA (41) Rockbridge County, VA (46) Rockingham County, VA (93) Staunton Ind. City, VA (53) Waynesboro Ind. City, VA (15) Pendleton County, WV (44)  AugustaCounty(68) Augusta County (68)  AlbemarleCounty(112) Albemarle County (112)  BathCounty(36) Bath County (36)  HighlandCounty(34) Highland County (34)  NelsonCounty(41) Nelson County (41)  RockbridgeCounty(46) Rockbridge County (46)  RockinghamCounty(93) Rockingham County (93)  (53) Staunton (53)  (15) Waynesboro (15)  PendletonCountyWest Virginia(44) Pendleton County (44)
Staunton is the county seat for Augusta County
Adjacent to Augusta County, Virginia
      Albemarle County (112)  
      Bath County (36)  
      Highland County (34)  
      Nelson County (41)  
      Rockbridge County (46)  
      Rockingham County (93)  
      Staunton (53)  
      Waynesboro (15)  
      Pendleton County, West Virginia (44)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
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1 Virginia, Augusta County, Afton — Park-to-Park BeautyShenandoah National Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Shortly after Congress authorized the creation of two new eastern national parks—Shenandoah and Great Smokey Mountains—President Franklin Roosevelt saw great opportunity in constructing the first "national rural parkway" to connect . . . Map (db m170604) HM
2 Virginia, Augusta County, Afton — Tiny Creatures Of The Dark
During Restoration of the Blue Ridge Tunnel, measures were taken to minimize disturbance of wildlife. With removal of bulkheads from the center, the passage can now provide additional, ideal wintering habitat for bats and year-round habitats for . . . Map (db m196499) HM
3 Virginia, Augusta County, Afton — Welcome to Shenandoah National ParkShenandoah National Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
…for the recreation and the re-creation they shall find here. — President Franklin Roosevelt, Shenandoah's Dedication
Shenandoah National Park was established in 1935 to bring the western . . . Map (db m170602) HM
4 Virginia, Augusta County, Afton — West Side Features Then & Now
Census records and other documents prove that hundreds of the Irish immigrants who worked on the Blue Ridge Railroad resided in Augusta county. Many rented houses or built shanties that lined both sides of the Rockfish Gap Turnpike. From the bottom . . . Map (db m196501) HM
5 Virginia, Augusta County, Churchville — W-227 — Colonel George Moffett
George Moffett (1735–1811), a prominent regional military and civic leader, had joined the Augusta County militia by 1758. He participated in the French and Indian War (1756–1763), led a militia company at the Battle of Point Pleasant in . . . Map (db m30460) HM
6 Virginia, Augusta County, Churchville — W-156 — James Edward Hanger
Born near Churchville on 25 Feb. 1843, Hanger joined the Churchville Cavalry at Phillipi, W.Va., on 2 June 1861, where the next morning he was wounded. The resulting amputation of his leg was probably the first of the Civil War. He convalesced at . . . Map (db m15905) HM
7 Virginia, Augusta County, Churchville — W-79 — Last Indian Clash
Near this spot in 1764, Shawnee Indians killed John Tremble (Trimble) in the last such event in Augusta County. During the preceding decade, a series of conflicts between Native Americans and European settlers occurred along the western frontier of . . . Map (db m30461) HM
8 Virginia, Augusta County, Churchville — W-226 — Mount Pleasant
Mount Pleasant, a venerable stone dwelling exemplifying traditional Shenandoah Valley domestic architecture, was erected on the 1740 land grant to John Moffett from King George II. Originally known as Moffetts Bottom, early probate records reflect a . . . Map (db m30448) HM
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9 Virginia, Augusta County, Crimoro — Jackson's Valley Campaign
Brown’s Gap, ¾ of a mile north, was one of the strategic mountain passes used in the spring of 1862 by Stonewall Jackson near the beginning and end of his whirlwind offensive. His secret military strategy took full advantage of the complex . . . Map (db m61327) HM
10 Virginia, Augusta County, Dooms — JD-14 — Jarman’s Gap
Five miles east, formerly known as Woods’ Gap. Michael Woods, his three sons and three Wallace sons-in-law (Andrew, Peter, William), coming from Pennsylvania via Shenandoah Valley, crossed through this pass into Albemarle County in 1734 – . . . Map (db m16644) HM
11 Virginia, Augusta County, Fishersville — W-155 — Tinkling Spring ChurchAmerican Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Site
This was first the Southern Branch of the “Triple Forks of Shenandoah” Congregation, which called John Craig as pastor in 1741. A church was completed here about 1748; two other buildings have succeeded it. Beginning with 1777, James Waddel, the . . . Map (db m122178) HM
12 Virginia, Augusta County, Fishersville — Woodrow Wilson General Hospital
Groundbreaking for the Woodrow Wilson General Hospital was June 26, 1942. The hospital was named after Woodrow Wilson, the 28th president of the United States and a native of the neighboring city of Staunton. The federal government acquired 652 . . . Map (db m106827) HM WM
13 Virginia, Augusta County, Fishersville — JD-12 — Woodrow Wilson General Hospital
The U.S. Army, needing stateside medical facilities during World War II, broke ground for Woodrow Wilson General Hospital here in June 1942. Named for the former U.S. president born in nearby Staunton, the hospital consisted of about 135 . . . Map (db m106826) HM
14 Virginia, Augusta County, Fishersville — I-18 — Woodrow Wilson Rehabilitation Center
In 1947 the Woodrow Wilson Rehabilitation Center became the first state comprehensive rehabilitation center in the United States. Operated by the Virginia Department of Rehabilitative Services, this residential facility offers various . . . Map (db m50617) HM
15 Virginia, Augusta County, Fort Defiance — Augusta Military AcademyNational Register of Historic Places
This site has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m162832) HM
16 Virginia, Augusta County, Fort Defiance — A-100 — Augusta Military Academy
Soon after the Civil War ended in 1865, Confederate veteran Charles S. Roller began teaching at the Old Stone Church nearby at Ft. Defiance. By 1874 he had founded Augusta Male Academy and incorporated military discipline into its classical . . . Map (db m11900) HM
17 Virginia, Augusta County, Fort Defiance — Augusta Military Academy MuseumFort Defiance, Virginia — We Entered As Boys, Left As Men —
In 1865, after returning from the Civil War, Professor Charles S. Roller began educating other returning veterans of the Confederacy in a small house near the old stone church. In 1874, Augusta Male Academy was founded in the current museum . . . Map (db m162829) HM
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18 Virginia, Augusta County, Fort Defiance — Augusta Stone Church
This, the oldest Presbyterian house of worship in Virginia, is an eloquent memorial to the liberty-loving, god-fearing Scotch-Irish folk who first settled this part of the valley. Through their arduous labors the building was completed in 1747 . . . Map (db m89111) HM
19 Virginia, Augusta County, Fort Defiance — A-118 — Augusta Stone ChurchAmerican Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Site
The Augusta Stone Church, Virginia's oldest Presbyterian church in continuous use west of the Blue Ridge Mountains, opened on 22 Jan. 1749. It replaced a log meetinghouse built shortly after the congregation's founding in 1740. At the outbreak of . . . Map (db m155473) HM
20 Virginia, Augusta County, Fort Defiance — Dwight D. Eisenhower Visits Augusta Military Academy
In Commemoration of the visit of The President of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower, to the Augusta Military Academy October 27, 1960Map (db m162833) HM
21 Virginia, Augusta County, Fort Defiance — 2010 — Quarles Walk
Dedicated to Julian Quarles, '35 for his service to his country, his commitment to AMA and honoring the 75th anniversary of his graduation from AMA.Map (db m162830) HM
22 Virginia, Augusta County, Fort Defiance — A-119 — The Rev. John Craig(1709–1774)
John Craig, born in County Antrim, Ireland, and educated in Edinburgh, Scotland, immigrated to America in 1734. Ordained pastor in 1740 of the two churches known as Augusta Stone and Tinkling Spring, Craig was Virginia's first settled Presbyterian . . . Map (db m155472) HM
23 Virginia, Augusta County, Fort Defiance — This 1886 Bell
This 1886 bell was the school bell for many years. It was said the bell could be heard 3 miles away. It was housed in the bell tower of the Roller-Robinson House, now the AMA Alumni House and Museum. It was donated by Sam Clegg, '60Map (db m162831) HM
24 Virginia, Augusta County, Grottoes — W-220 — George Caleb Bingham
George Caleb Bingham, a renowned American genre painter of the 19th century, was born in a frame house just north of here on 20 March 1811. Bingham moved to Missouri in 1819, where he began painting portraits in the 1830s and later specialized in . . . Map (db m13620) HM
25 Virginia, Augusta County, Lyndhurst — Crop Protection from Predators
Unwanted pests and wildlife threatened crops. The scarecrow, or hay-man, was developed to deter animals from disturbing gardens. Lime and other materials were used to keep worms and insects at bay. Edge plantings helped keep rodents from eating . . . Map (db m146206) HM
26 Virginia, Augusta County, Lyndhurst — Everyday Hard Work - Year Round
The challenge of growing sufficient crops created hard work for farmers, who kept a wary eye out for late frosts, droughts, and excessive rain. Any of these weather conditions could prevent them from raising an adequate supply of food and threaten . . . Map (db m146203) HM
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27 Virginia, Augusta County, Lyndhurst — Mountain Farms: A Way of Life
When fertile bottom farm land was not available or too expensive for 19th century homesteaders, mountain land provided a difficult but usually viable alternative. A mountain plot could yield a variety of crops that made it possible to sustain a . . . Map (db m146202) HM
28 Virginia, Augusta County, Lyndhurst — Stone Fences
The rambling stone walls seen nearby are remnants of “hog-walls.” Built in the early 1800’s they provided winter work for slaves of valley plantations and were mended yearly to control the wanderings of half-wild hogs that foraged for . . . Map (db m161496) HM
29 Virginia, Augusta County, Lyndhurst — Subsistence and Survival
Imagine what it was like to farm here? Fertile land was scarce and had to be carefully used to provide food and income for families. The rocky, thin soil on the sloping small plots made the work difficult. The limited growing season, population . . . Map (db m146204) HM
30 Virginia, Augusta County, Lyndhurst — The Mountain Economy
After the American Revolution, prosperous farms filled the fertile Shenandoah Valley, growing food for Eastern cities. On nearby mountains like this one, descendants of Scots-Irish Protestants and other dispossessed people scraped together savings . . . Map (db m146205) HM
31 Virginia, Augusta County, Middlebrook — A-101 — Middlebrook Historic District
Nestled here in the countryside south of Staunton, along historic Middlebrook Road, is one of the oldest villages in the region. William and Nancy Scott sold the first 27 lots in April 1799 to Scots-Irish and German settlers. In 1851, . . . Map (db m50388) HM
32 Virginia, Augusta County, Middlebrook — A-106 — Mount Tabor Lutheran Church
Shenandoah Valley circuit-riding preacher Paul Henkel formed Mount Tabor Lutheran Church about 1785, several miles to the east. It shared a log building with St. John’s, a Lutheran and Reformed union congregation. Under the direction of David . . . Map (db m50578) HM
33 Virginia, Augusta County, Middlebrook — Virginia Institute
Near this spot stood the frame dwelling of David Frederick Bittle, pastor of Mt. Tabor Lutheran Church, in which he began in the Fall of 1842, with the assistance of Christopher C. Baughman, also a Lutheran minister, a school for young men called . . . Map (db m50575) HM
34 Virginia, Augusta County, Mint Spring — Avenue of Trees
This Avenue of Trees, sponsored by Clemmer-McGuffin Post 13, American Legion and Auxiliary, was given in loving memory by the people of Staunton and Augusta County in memoriam 1917-1918.Map (db m50605) HM
35 Virginia, Augusta County, Mount Solon — D-40 — Mossy Creek
Colonists first settled Mossy Creek in the 1740s. Mossy Creek Iron Works was founded by 1775, when partners Henry Miller and Mark Bird began operating an iron furnace, forge, and mills here. The ironworks became an important industrial enterprise . . . Map (db m1841) HM
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36 Virginia, Augusta County, Mount Solon — W-241 — Stokesville
The village of Stokesville, established by 1901, became a boomtown after the Chesapeake Western Railway was extended here in 1902. Tram lines into the mountains brought timber to the rail head. Lumber mills, bark tanneries, a stave and heading . . . Map (db m98139) HM
37 Virginia, Augusta County, Mt. Sidney — A-102 — Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church
Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church traces its existence to 1789 when Shenandoah Valley circuit preacher Paul Henkel held services for the German community in a schoolhouse nearby at Seawright Springs. By 1805, the congregation had built a frame . . . Map (db m30445) HM
38 Virginia, Augusta County, New Hope — Battle of PiedmontFinal Action at New Hope
The Battle of Piedmont, fought on June 5, 1864 between Union Gen. David Hunter and Confederate Gen. William E. "Grumble" Jones, ended here. It began more than a mile northeast when the 12,000-man strong Federal army, whose mission was to scour the . . . Map (db m155471) HM
39 Virginia, Augusta County, New Hope — A-111 — Battle of Piedmont
On 5 June 1864, Confederate Brig. Gen. William E. “Grumble” Jones deployed his 5,600-man force to stop Union Maj. Gen. David Hunter’s advance on Staunton. The main battle line formed just south of here. Jones repulsed two assaults by . . . Map (db m155468) HM
40 Virginia, Augusta County, New Hope — Piedmont Battlefield
Here on June 5, 1864, was fought the Battle of Piedmont for the possession of Staunton. Union Forces under Gen. David Hunter 12,015 men and suffered a loss of 130 killed and 650 wounded. Confederate forces numbering 5,600 men under Gen. . . . Map (db m193109) HM
41 Virginia, Augusta County, Raphine — A-39 — New Providence Church
The Rev. John Blair, a minister influenced by the Great Awakening, organized New Providence Presbyterian Church about 1746. The congregation moved to a site seven miles west of here about 1760, and the present Greek Revival-style sanctuary was . . . Map (db m172318) HM
42 Virginia, Augusta County, Raphine — Walnut GroveHistoric Landmark of Agricultural Engineering
Where Cyrus Hall McCormick invented and in 1831 demonstrated the first successful reaper to introduce the era of farm mechanization is designated an Historic Landmark of Agricultural Engineering by American Society of Agricultural Engineers.Map (db m172943) HM
43 Virginia, Augusta County, Staunton — W-231 — Augusta County Training School
A rural African-American school stood here by 1874. In 1927 a two-room elementary school serving Cedar Green and Smokey Row communities was built. The Augusta County Training School (Cedar Green School), the county’s first black consolidated school, . . . Map (db m59711) HM
44 Virginia, Augusta County, Staunton — A-53 — Bethel Church
Two miles west. The first church was built by Colonel Robert Doak in 1779. Captain James Tate, an elder, led in the battles of Cowpens and Guilford Courthouse (1781) a company drawn mainly from this church. In the churchyard 23 Revolutionary . . . Map (db m32104) HM
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45 Virginia, Augusta County, Staunton — Beyer Print of Staunton
This reproduction of an 1857 lithograph of Staunton from Sears Hill depicts the community on the eve of the Civil War. Most of the buildings seen in this view have been replaced by newer structures. Edward Beyer, a graduate of Dusseldorf . . . Map (db m175020) HM
46 Virginia, Augusta County, Staunton — I-11A — Roanoke College
Five miles west is the birthplace of Virginia Institute, founded in 1842 by David F. Bittle, assisted by Christopher C. Baughman. Chartered on January 30, 1845, as Virginia Collegiate Institute, the school was moved to Salem, Virginia, in 1847, and . . . Map (db m32079) HM
47 Virginia, Augusta County, Staunton — Staunton Historic Districts
(left panel) Staunton Historic Districts 1 Beverley Historic District 2 Newtown Historic District 3 Wharf Area Historic District 4 Gospel Hill Historic District 5 Stuart Addition Historic District * You Are Here - Woodrow . . . Map (db m175021) HM
48 Virginia, Augusta County, Steeles Tavern — A-31 — Old Providence Church
Two and a half miles northwest. As early as 1748 a log meeting house stood there. In 1793 a stone church (still standing) was built. In 1859 it was succeeded by a brick church, which gave way to the present building in 1918. In the graveyard rest . . . Map (db m23759) HM
49 Virginia, Augusta County, Stuarts Draft — JD-15 — John Colter
John Colter, born in Stuart's Draft about 1775, was a member of the northwest expedition led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark (1804-1806). During his subsequent, solitary explorations of the West, Colter traversed the area now comprising . . . Map (db m46393) HM
50 Virginia, Augusta County, Swoope — AL 5 — Glebe Burying Ground
The vestry of Augusta Parish purchased 200 acres here in 1749 to serve as a glebe, farmland set aside to support the minister. Just to the southwest, on a portion of this property, the parish established the first public cemetery in the vicinity. . . . Map (db m159738) HM
51 Virginia, Augusta County, Swoope — West ViewConfederate Camps — 1862 Valley Campaign —
In 1862, West View was a village of about 15 buildings including a flour mill, post office, store, wagon shop and saw mills. About 3,000 soldiers camped in the surrounding fields from April 20 to May 6. Confederates under Gen. Edward . . . Map (db m15788) HM
52 Virginia, Augusta County, Verona — W-234 — Grandma Moses in Augusta County
Newlyweds Anna Mary Robertson Moses (later knows as Grandma Moses) and her husband Thomas arrived in Augusta County from New York in 1887. Renting several farms before purchasing Mt. Airy, a large brick Federal style house built in 1880. The . . . Map (db m77511) HM
53 Virginia, Augusta County, Verona — A-99 — Willow Spout
Here stood, from the early 19th century until the mid-1900s, the tavern and stagecoach stop first owned by Peter Hanger. In 1848 its second proprietor, Samuel Harnsbarger, planted a willow tree in a spring here, across the newly-constructed Valley . . . Map (db m11811) HM
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54 Virginia, Augusta County, Vesuvius — A-39 — New Providence Church Reported permanently removed
This church, seven and a half miles west, was organized by John Blair in 1746. Five successive church buildings have been erected. The first pastor was John Brown. Samuel Brown, second pastor, had as wife Mary Moore, captured in youth by Indians . . . Map (db m122187) HM
55 Virginia, Augusta County, Waynesboro — Old Glory
I am the Star Spangled Banner..... conceived in 1777 out of the love America bore for Liberty and Honor. I am the memorial of countless heroes who shed their blood to preserve this sacred heritage. I have inspired generations of gallant men . . . Map (db m197524) WM
56 Virginia, Augusta County, Waynesboro — Rockfish GapShenandoah National Park
Although work began on Skyline Drive in 1933, the vision of extending the scenic roadway to connect to the planned Blue Ridge Parkway was not realized until 1939 when the final section, Jarman Gap to Rockfish Gap was completed. Rangers welcomed . . . Map (db m95954) HM
57 Virginia, Augusta County, Waynesboro — West TrailheadBlue Ridge Tunnel
The Blue Ridge Tunnel was constructed between 1849 and 1859 beneath Rockfish Gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains of central Virginia. The tunnel first opened in 1858 to allow rail access through Afton Mountain. It was designed by French immigrant . . . Map (db m172945) HM
58 Virginia, Augusta County, West Augusta — “… to go wee did not know where”
On April 20, 1862, the Confederate garrison left Fort Johnson to protect Staunton, and to avoid being cut off from the rear by another advancing Union Army. Lt. Pryor describes the retreat from the mountain. Camp at Westview, 7 mil N, Of Staunton . . . Map (db m16783) HM
59 Virginia, Augusta County, West Augusta — “It was cold business…”
February 23, 1862 My Dear Penelope, I write a few lines this morning to let you know that I am well & doing as well as I have since Iv been in the service. Well, Dear, wee had an alarm Friday knight about two oclock, and the way . . . Map (db m16776) HM
60 Virginia, Augusta County, West Augusta — “We had a hardscrabble up…”
Union forces now occupied Fort Johnson and were moving to capture Staunton. “Stonewall” Jackson, moving with speed and secrecy, had arrived at the foot of Shenandoah Mountain and moved west to defeat Union Generals John C. Fremont and . . . Map (db m16784) HM
61 Virginia, Augusta County, West Augusta — “Wee are faring badly…”
Camp Shenandoah April 9th, 1862 My Dear Penelope, I take the opportunity this morning to write you a few lines to let you know that I am yet in the land of the living and enjoying good health. I thought last week that it was done . . . Map (db m16777) HM
62 Virginia, Augusta County, West Augusta — “Wee are now looking out for a fight…”
Camp Shenandoah April 18th, 1862 My Dear Penelope, I take the opportunity this evening to write you a few lines to let you know that I am yet in the land of the living &, thank God, enjoying good health. Wee are now looking out for a fight here; . . . Map (db m16781) HM
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63 Virginia, Augusta County, West Augusta — W-149 — Fort Edward Johnson
Confederate troops, the remnant of the Army of the Northwest commanded by Brig. Gen. Edward “Allegheny” Johnson, constructed this fortification about 1 Apr. 1862 to protect the Shenandoah Valley, the “Breadbasket of the . . . Map (db m15791) HM
64 Virginia, Augusta County, West Augusta — Healing the Wounds
After surviving the Battle of McDowell, in which he lost many comrades, Lt. “Shep” Pryor was later wounded in battle near Culpepper, Virginia. He survived the war, returned to his beloved Penelope, and became Sheriff of Sumter County, . . . Map (db m16785) HM
65 Virginia, Augusta County, West Augusta — Z-110 — Highland County / Augusta CountyArea 422 Square Miles / Area 1006 Square Miles
Highland County. Area 422 square miles. Formed in 1847 from Pendleton and Bath, and given its name because of its mountains. The Battle of McDowell, 1862, was fought in this county. Augusta County. Area 1006 square . . . Map (db m30389) HM
66 Virginia, Augusta County, West Augusta — Mountain HouseJackson's March — 1862 Valley Campaign —
The Battle of McDowell began three miles to the southeast (near the intersection of Routes 629 and 716) when Confederates were fired upon by Union cavalry on May 7, 1862. After skirmishing, Federals rushed to the base camp here, sounding the . . . Map (db m62920) HM
67 Virginia, Augusta County, Weyers Cave — Future Farmers of America
One mile west at Weyers Cave on April 30, 1927, twenty-eight students of vocational agriculture formed the Future Farmers of Virginia which became the Future Farmers of America in 1928 at Kansas City. The organization has grown to include all of . . . Map (db m30414) HM
68 Virginia, Augusta County, Weyers Cave — Z-171 — Rockingham County / Augusta County
Rockingham County. Area 876 square miles. Formed in 1778 from Augusta, and named for the Marquis of Rockingham, British statesman. John Seiver, of Tennessee, was born in this county. In it took place the battles of Cross Keys . . . Map (db m12369) HM
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Jun. 3, 2023