“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Madison County, Virginia

Clickable Map of Madison County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Madison County, VA (50) Culpeper County, VA (163) Greene County, VA (8) Orange County, VA (160) Page County, VA (98) Rappahannock County, VA (74)  MadisonCounty(50) Madison County (50)  CulpeperCounty(163) Culpeper County (163)  GreeneCounty(8) Greene County (8)  OrangeCounty(160) Orange County (160)  PageCounty(98) Page County (98)  RappahannockCounty(74) Rappahannock County (74)
Madison is the county seat for Madison County
Adjacent to Madison County, Virginia
      Culpeper County (163)  
      Greene County (8)  
      Orange County (160)  
      Page County (98)  
      Rappahannock County (74)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Virginia, Madison County, Criglersville — JE-15 — A Camp of Stonewall Jackson’s
Just to the north, on the night of November 25, 1862, Stonewall Jackson, with his corps, camped. He was on his way to join Lee at Fredericksburg.Map (db m23963) HM
2 Virginia, Madison County, Criglersville — JE-7 — Blue Ridge Turnpike
The Blue Ridge Turnpike, completed in 1853, passed near here on its 56-mile route from the vicinity of New Market to the railhead in Gordonsville. Crossing the mountains at Fishers Gap, the road linked the Shenandoah Valley to markets in the east. . . . Map (db m104692) HM
3 Virginia, Madison County, Criglersville — Visiblity-Endangered? Reported permanently removed
On a good visibility day, Stony Man Mountain and nearby hills may be seen cleary with the human eye. On a poor visibility day, both natural conditions and air pollution obscures your view of Stony Man Mountain and distant views beyond. The Blue . . . Map (db m13240) HM
4 Virginia, Madison County, Etlan — Civilian Conservation Corps
During the 1930’s, CCC Camp NP-10, Company 375, was placed ¼ mile, to the south of this point.Map (db m45686) HM
5 Virginia, Madison County, Etlan — Z-11 — Madison County / Rappahannock County
Madison County. In the hills of the Piedmont, along the Blue Ridge Mountains, Madison County was formed from Culpeper County in 1792. Madison County is named for James Madison, the “father of the American Constitution” and the forth . . . Map (db m104880) HM
6 Virginia, Madison County, Leon — Battle of James CityOpening Battle of the Bristoe Station Campaign
On October 10, 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee, anticipating an offensive that became known as the Bristoe Station Campaign, sent a division of Confederate horsemen led by Gen. J.E.B. Stuart north from Madison on a raid. Confederate Gen. . . . Map (db m4774) HM
7 Virginia, Madison County, Leon — G-28A — Engagement at James City
On 10 October 1863 Confederate cavalry cormmanded by Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart engaged Union cavalry and infantry under Brig. Gen. H. Judson Kilpatrick and Maj. Gen. William H. French at James City (present-day Leon). The two forces confronted . . . Map (db m8100) HM
8 Virginia, Madison County, Leon — Kirtley's Road
Established by Virginia’s first road act of 1632 by the House of Burgesses at Jamestown, this road is named for Francis Kirtley, appointed in 1731 to oversee its upkeep and repair. This gravel road bed between Historic James City and Prince Michel . . . Map (db m119842) HM
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9 Virginia, Madison County, Leon — Z-157 — Madison County / Culpeper County
Madison County. In the hills of the Piedmont, against the Blue Ridge Mountains, Madison County was formed from Culpeper County in 1792. The county is named for James Madison, the “father of the American Constitution” and the fourth president . . . Map (db m21502) HM
10 Virginia, Madison County, Locust Dale — F-22 — Jackson’s Crossing
Here at Locust Dale, Stonewall Jackson's army crossed the river moving north to the Battle of Cedar Mountain, August 9, 1862. The Battle was fought a few hours later.Map (db m4751) HM
11 Virginia, Madison County, Locust Dale — Z-188 — Madison County / Culpeper County
Madison County. Area 324 Square Miles. Formed in 1792 from Culpeper, and named for James Madison, "Father of the American Constitution" and President of the United States. Governor Spotswood's exploring expedition passed here, . . . Map (db m4708) HM
12 Virginia, Madison County, Madison — JE-8 — Cpl. Clinton Greaves (1855-1906)
Clinton Greaves (or Graves), Medal of Honor recipient, was born in Madison County, very likely into slavery. He enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1872 and served as a corporal in Co. C, 9th Cavalry. On 24 Jan. 1877 in the Florida Mountains of New Mexico, . . . Map (db m104689) HM
13 Virginia, Madison County, Madison — JE-4 — Hebron Lutheran Church
Nearby stands Hebron Lutheran Church. This cruciform church was built in 1740 and is America’s oldest church in continuous use by Lutherans. The congregation was formed by 1725 by German families, some of whom arrived to Virginia in 1717 to work at . . . Map (db m23372) HM
14 Virginia, Madison County, Madison — Herbert HooverPresident of the United States
Met here with the citizens of Madison County as their neighbor and friend and eloquently thanked them for their hospitality. Speaking of his fishing camp at the headwaters of the Rapidan River, Mr. Hoover concluded his remarks with these . . . Map (db m152167) HM
15 Virginia, Madison County, Madison — JE-1 — Jackson’s March to Fredericksburg
Stonewall Jackson, on his march from Winchester to Fredericksburg, preceding the Battle of Fredericksburg, camped here, November 26, 1862.Map (db m3988) HM
16 Virginia, Madison County, Madison — JE-3 — James L. Kemper Residence
This Greek Revival-style house was built about 1852 for state senator Thomas N. Welch. In 1868 James Lawson Kemper (1823–1895) purchased it from his mother in law, Mrs. Belfield Cave. Kemper, an attorney, represented Madison County in the . . . Map (db m8187) HM
17 Virginia, Madison County, Madison — G-12 — Joseph Early Home
One mile west was the home of Joseph Early, Revolutionary soldier. Washington, in going west and returning, stopped at Early’s overnight. His diary for October 2, 1784, shows that he spent the night before at “Widow Early’s.”Map (db m218881) HM
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18 Virginia, Madison County, Madison — Madison County Confederate Dead1861 - 1865
Plant the fair column over the vacant grave. A hero's honor let a hero have.Map (db m170178) WM
19 Virginia, Madison County, Madison — Madison County Courthouse
Built in 1829 on the original site to replace an earlier log courthouse. The Federal brickwork has been declared some of the finest in America and the architecture one of the best examples of the period. Madison County, named in honor of the . . . Map (db m170180) HM
20 Virginia, Madison County, Madison — G-13 — Oak Grove Baptist Church
Joe Thoms, Sr., a slave harness-maker, founded Oak Grove Baptist Church during the Civil War at his nearby log cabin, which burned in 1869. The congregation then met here, on land owned by John J. Robinson, a white farmer, in a grove of oaks they . . . Map (db m23975) HM
21 Virginia, Madison County, Madison — The Fallen Warriors Monument
To all veterans who honorably served their country World War I Madison County John Allen • Frank Brown • Somerfield Hill • Joe Jackson • Don Jackson • James H. Jenkins • Horace B. Lohr • Jesse F. Smith • Jesse Tanner • . . . Map (db m170179) WM
22 Virginia, Madison County, Orange — Z-12 — Orange County / Madison County
Orange County. Formed from Spotsylvania County in 1734, Orange County, a pastoral Piedmont county, was probably named in honor of William IV, the Dutch prince of Orange, who married Anne, the Princess Royal, daughter of George II of . . . Map (db m4758) HM
23 Virginia, Madison County, Radiant — JE-9 — Oliver Dinwiddie Tucker(1902 - 1940)
Oliver Dinwiddie Tucker, baseball player, grew up here in Radiant. After six years in the minor leagues, he appeared in 34 Major League games in 1927 and 1928, first with the Washington Senators and then with the Cleveland Indians. While playing for . . . Map (db m172981) HM
24 Virginia, Madison County, Rochelle — Battle of Jack’s ShopAttacked from all Sides
In September 1863, Union cavalry moved into Madison County, scouting roads and river fords for a possible move around Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s army camped in Orange County. Learning of the presence of Federal troops in the town of . . . Map (db m23964) HM
25 Virginia, Madison County, Rochelle — G-11 — Cavalry Engagement at Jack’s Shop
First known as Jack’s Shop for a blacksmith shop that stood nearby, Rochelle was the scene of a cavalry skirmish on 22 September 1863. While Confederate cavalry under Major General J. E. B. Stuart engaged Union Brigadier General John Buford’s . . . Map (db m23965) HM
26 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — "Here is peace and quietude"
Here is peace and quietude.”- President Herbert Hoover Shortly after his election in 1928, Herbert C. Hoover and his wife, Lou Henry, expressed the desire for a weekend retreat – a place where they could find respite . . . Map (db m45639) HM
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27 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — “Five Tents”
The first permanent structure was actually built around five wooden floored tents. The roof, partitions, fireplace, porch, windows, and doors were then constructed until nothing remained of the original tents except the name. Herbert Hoover, Jr. . . . Map (db m45628) HM
28 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — A Rather Biggish Establishment
We discussed the proposed camp as we explored . . . . Conditions necessitate A Rather biggish establishment - Lou Henry Hoover, describing the future Rapidan Camp, 1929 I have discovered that even the work of the government can be improved . . . Map (db m45677) HM
29 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — Big Meadows Lodge
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior April 28, 1997Map (db m45699) HM
30 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — Camp Hoover
. . . Map (db m45621) HM
31 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — Civilian Conservation Corps
During the 1930’s, across the meadow from this point was the site of CCC Camp NP-2, Company 350, Camp Fechner.Map (db m45682) HM
32 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — Dark Hollow
Hollows cut into the face of the mountain are the work of the streams that flow through them. Down Dark Hollow flows Hog Camp Branch which drains Big Meadows Swamp. Along the Dark Hollow Trail you may see how the stream works to cut its valley . . . Map (db m45696) HM
33 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — Famous Town Hall Visitors
Many famous individuals were invited to visit the President’s retreat on the Rapidan River. Among these was Charles A. Lindbergh, the first aviator to fly non-stop from New York to Paris, France in 1927. Lindbergh donated the large parchment lamp . . . Map (db m45670) HM
34 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — Getting to know the air you breathe!Shenandoah National Park
Unless someone like you cares a whole awful lot, Nothing is going to get better. It’s Not. - The Lorax, Dr. Seuss Every living thing is affected by what’s in the air. To protect and improve air quality, it’s vital to know . . . Map (db m96223) HM
35 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — Iron Mike
Between 1933 and 1942 more than 10,000 young men served in the Civilian Conservation Corps camps in Shenandoah National Park, These “boys” created the form and fabric of the new park so that future generations could find recreation and . . . Map (db m45703) HM
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36 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — Mountain Streams in the Camp
Hemlock Run, the small artificial stream that flowed through the cabin area was created by a small diversion dam. This dam was built upstream from the cabin area across Laurel Prong. Laurel Prong and Mill Prong join just below the President’s Cabin . . . Map (db m45627) HM
37 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — National Park Service CCC Camps
Six Civilian Conservation Corps camps in the area which became Shenandoah National Park were at Big Meadows, Skyland, Pinnacles, Piney River, Baldface, and Dundo from 1933 to 1942. Camp Fechner, near here, was named in honor of Robert Fechner, . . . Map (db m13247) HM
38 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — Outdoor Fireplace
Presidential Aids who were stationed at the camp say that this fireplace was mainly used for outdoor photographs. When reporters and authors wanted pictures of the Chief Executive and his guests they were often posed here. Logs, used for benches, . . . Map (db m45626) HM
39 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — Rapidan Campthen & now
Blue indicates Roads, trails, and structures – 1930s Red indicates Roads, trails and structures – now Rapidan’s Original Structures Five Tents (blue) – the first structure built; ruins still visible today Trails End (blue) . . . Map (db m45646) HM
40 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — Recreational Pursuits
Trout fishing was the chief pastime at the camp. Other diversions were horseback riding, horseshoe pitching, hiking and working puzzles. Above, is the recreation area adjacent to Town Hall. Below, Richey and Boone work on a jig-saw puzzle.Map (db m45662) HM
41 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — Skyline Drive Historic District1931 - 1951
Has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior April 28, 1997Map (db m68169) HM
42 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — The Creel
The Creel was occupied by two of President Hoover’s Chief Aids, Larry Richey, a former F.B.I. agent, was assigned to guard the President and became his personal “secretary” or manager. He assumed great responsibility for the detailed . . . Map (db m45619) HM
43 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — The Mess Hall
The photograph below shows one of several tables in the Mess Hall. Almost everyone ate their meals at the central dining room. This allowed more time for fishing and other outdoor recreation. The rug is of straw matting, in contrast to the Navajo . . . Map (db m45660) HM
44 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — The President’s Quarters
Although Camp Hoover was rustic, it was comfortably furnished with a mixture of styles. The Hoovers had many Navajo rugs which they used throughout their cabin. Above is a sunporch and below the Hoovers’ bedrooms.Map (db m45612) HM
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45 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — The Prime Minister’s Cabin
Prime Minister Ramsey McDonald of England was a frequent guest of President Hoover. The “Press” of that day popularly envisioned these two peace loving leaders sitting on a log in the Camp Hoover area scrapping the navies of the world. . . . Map (db m45616) HM
46 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — Town Hall
Town Hall was the center for Executive Meetings and social activities here at Camp Hoover. The two stone fireplaces were kept burning during chilly evenings. The President and his guests furnished brilliant conversation nightly on a wide variety of . . . Map (db m45668) HM
47 Virginia, Madison County, Syria — Town Hall on Town Hall
The large porch on Town Hall was also given the same name as the cabin. Guests liked the informal gatherings held here when mild weather permitted. The babble of Hemlock Run encouraged everyone to join in the conversations, discussions, and debates. . . . Map (db m45666) HM
48 Virginia, Madison County, Woodberry Forest — Fry's / Barnett's Ford RoadWoodberry Perimeter Trail
As you read this, you are standing in the old Fry's/Barnett's Ford Road, which connected the towns of Orange and Culpeper and which was Woodberry's primary access road during the nineteenth century. On an oppressively hot August 9, 1862, . . . Map (db m152783) HM
49 Virginia, Madison County, Woodberry Forest — JE-2 — Knights of the Golden Horseshoe
Near here Governor Alexander Spotswood and his troop of gentlemen, Knights of the Golden Horseshoe, on their way to explore the land beyond the mountains, camped on August 31, 1716.Map (db m4705) HM
50 Virginia, Madison County, Woodberry Forest — F-24 — Woodberry Forest School
Two miles northeast is Woodberry Forest School, a college preparatory school for boys, founded in 1889 by Robert Stringfellow Walker, a captain with Mosby's Rangers. The school was named for the estate on which it stands, formerly owned by William . . . Map (db m4755) HM
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Oct. 3, 2023